159 relations: Access time, ACID, Address bus, AnandTech, Application-specific integrated circuit, Arrhenius equation, Atmel AVR, Bad sector, Ball grid array, BCH code, Biomedical engineering, BIOS, Bit, Bitstream, Block (data storage), Boost converter, Cache (computing), Carnegie Mellon University, Centrino, Charge pump, Charge trap flash, Checksum, CMOS, Common Flash Memory Interface, CompactFlash, Computer data storage, Data storage, DataFlash, DDR2 SDRAM, Dell, Device driver, Die (integrated circuit), Digital camera, DSL modem, Dynamic random-access memory, EEPROM, Electric field, Electric-field screening, Embedded system, EPROM, Error correction code, Ethernet, Executable, Execute in place, Ferroelectric RAM, Field-programmable gate array, Firmware, Flash (photography), Flash memory controller, Floating-gate MOSFET, ..., Forward error correction, Fujio Masuoka, Gibibit, Gigabyte, Global Positioning System, Hamming code, Hard disk drive, Hot-carrier injection, Hybrid drive, Industrial robot, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Integrated circuit, Intel, International Electron Devices Meeting, International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, Kibibyte, Land grid array, List of file systems, List of integrated circuit packaging types, Logic gate, Low-power electronics, MacBook Air, Magnetoresistive random-access memory, Megabit, Memory card, Memory management unit, Memory Stick, Memory Technology Device, Metadata, Metric prefix, Micron Technology, Microsoft, Moore's law, MOSFET, Multi-level cell, MultiMediaCard, NAND gate, Nanometre, Nanosecond, Nibble, Non-volatile memory, NOR gate, Numonyx, NVM Express, Open NAND Flash Interface Working Group, OpenWrt, Optical disc, Overlay (programming), Paging, PCI Express, Personal digital assistant, Phase-change memory, Pinout, Polycrystalline silicon, Printed circuit board, Programmable metallization cell, PSoC, Quantum tunnelling, Rad (unit), RAID, Random access, Random-access memory, Read-only memory, ReadyBoost, Reed–Solomon error correction, Resistive random-access memory, Rework (electronics), Router (computing), Routing (electronic design automation), Samsung, Samsung Electronics, SanDisk, Scientific instrument, Secure Digital, Semiconductor device fabrication, Serial Peripheral Interface, Serial presence detect, Set-top box, Silicon nitride, SK Hynix, SmartMedia, Solid-state drive, Solid-state storage, SONOS, South Korea, Spansion, Static random-access memory, Storage area network, Sun Microsystems, Synchronous dynamic random-access memory, Terabyte, Thin client, Thin Small Outline Package, Threshold voltage, Toshiba, Tunnel injection, Ultrabook, USB, USB flash drive, USB flash drive security, Very-large-scale integration, Virtual memory, Wafer (electronics), Wear leveling, Wire bonding, Wireless network interface controller, Word (computer architecture), Write amplification, XD-Picture Card. Expand index (109 more) » « Shrink index
Access time is the time delay or latency between a request to an electronic system, and the access being completed or the requested data returned.
In computer science, ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) is a set of properties of database transactions intended to guarantee validity even in the event of errors, power failures, etc.
An address bus is a computer bus (a series of lines connecting two or more devices) that is used to specify a physical address.
AnandTech is an online computer hardware magazine.
An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.
The Arrhenius equation is a formula for the temperature dependence of reaction rates.
AVR is a family of microcontrollers developed by Atmel beginning in 1996.
A bad sector is a sector on a computer's disk drive or flash memory that is either inaccessible or unwriteable due to permanent damage, such as physical damage to the disk surface or failed flash memory transistors.
A ball grid array (BGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging (a chip carrier) used for integrated circuits.
In coding theory, the BCH codes or Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghem codes form a class of cyclic error-correcting codes that are constructed using polynomials over a finite field (also called Galois field).
Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic).
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
A bitstream (or bit stream), also known as binary sequence, is a sequence of bits.
In computing (specifically data transmission and data storage), a block, sometimes called a physical record, is a sequence of bytes or bits, usually containing some whole number of records, having a maximum length, a block size.
A boost converter (step-up converter) is a DC-to-DC power converter that steps up voltage (while stepping down current) from its input (supply) to its output (load).
In computing, a cache, is a hardware or software component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster; the data stored in a cache might be the result of an earlier computation, or the duplicate of data stored elsewhere.
Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Centrino is a brand name of Intel Corporation which represents its Wi-Fi and WiMAX wireless computer networking adapters.
A charge pump is a kind of DC to DC converter that uses capacitors for energetic charge storage to raise or lower voltage.
Charge Trap Flash (CTF) is a semiconductor memory technology used in creating non-volatile NOR and NAND flash memory.
A checksum is a small-sized datum derived from a block of digital data for the purpose of detecting errors which may have been introduced during its transmission or storage.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
The Common Flash Memory Interface (CFI) is an open standard jointly developed by AMD, Intel, Sharp and Fujitsu.
CompactFlash (CF) is a flash memory mass storage device used mainly in portable electronic devices.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
DataFlash is a low pin-count serial interface for flash memory.
DDR2 SDRAM is a double data rate synchronous dynamic random-access memory interface.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
A die (pronunciation: /daɪ/) in the context of integrated circuits is a small block of semiconducting material, on which a given functional circuit is fabricated.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A digital subscriber line (DSL) modem is a device used to connect a computer or router to a telephone line which provides the digital subscriber line service for connectivity to the Internet, which is often called DSL broadband.
Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.
EEPROM (also E2PROM) stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory and is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers, integrated in microcontrollers for smart cards and remote keyless system, and other electronic devices to store relatively small amounts of data but allowing individual bytes to be erased and reprogrammed.
An electric field is a vector field surrounding an electric charge that exerts force on other charges, attracting or repelling them.
In physics, screening is the damping of electric fields caused by the presence of mobile charge carriers.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
An EPROM (rarely EROM), or erasable programmable read-only memory, is a type of memory chip that retains its data when its power supply is switched off.
In computing, telecommunication, information theory, and coding theory, an error correction code, sometimes error correcting code, (ECC) is used for controlling errors in data over unreliable or noisy communication channels.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
In computing, executable code or an executable file or executable program, sometimes simply referred to as an executable or binary, causes a computer "to perform indicated tasks according to encoded instructions," as opposed to a data file that must be parsed by a program to be meaningful.
In computer science, execute in place (XIP) is a method of executing programs directly from long term storage rather than copying it into RAM.
Ferroelectric RAM (FeRAM, F-RAM or FRAM) is a random-access memory similar in construction to DRAM but using a ferroelectric layer instead of a dielectric layer to achieve non-volatility.
A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
A flash is a device used in photography producing a flash of artificial light (typically 1/1000 to 1/200 of a second) at a color temperature of about 5500 K to help illuminate a scene.
A flash memory controller (or flash controller) manages the data stored on flash memory and communicates with a computer or electronic device.
The floating-gate MOSFET (FGMOS) is a field-effect transistor, whose structure is similar to a conventional MOSFET.
In telecommunication, information theory, and coding theory, forward error correction (FEC) or channel coding is a technique used for controlling errors in data transmission over unreliable or noisy communication channels.
is a Japanese engineer, best known as the inventor of flash memory.
The gibibit is a multiple of the bit, a unit of information, prefixed by the standards-based multiplier gibi (symbol Gi), a binary prefix meaning 230.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
In telecommunication, Hamming codes are a family of linear error-correcting codes.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Hot carrier injection (HCI) is a phenomenon in solid-state electronic devices where an electron or a “hole” gains sufficient kinetic energy to overcome a potential barrier necessary to break an interface state.
In computing, a hybrid drive (solid state hybrid drive – SSHD) is a logical or physical storage device that combines a faster storage medium such as solid-state drive (SSD) with a higher-capacity hard disk drive (HDD).
An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) is an annual micro- and nanoelectronics conference held each December that serves as a forum for reporting technological breakthroughs in the areas of semiconductor and related device technologies, design, manufacturing, physics, modeling and circuit-device interaction.
The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) is a set of documents produced by a group of semiconductor industry experts.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
The land grid array (LGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging for integrated circuits (ICs) that is notable for having the pins on the socket (when a socket is used) rather than the integrated circuit.
The following lists identify, characterize, and link to more thorough information on computer file systems.
Integrated circuits are put into protective packages to allow easy handling and assembly onto printed circuit boards and to protect the devices from damage.
In electronics, a logic gate is an idealized or physical device implementing a Boolean function; that is, it performs a logical operation on one or more binary inputs and produces a single binary output.
Low-power electronics are electronics, such as notebook processors, that have been designed to use less electric power.
The MacBook Air is a line of Macintosh subnotebook computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. It consists of a full-size keyboard, a machined aluminum case, and a thin light structure.
Magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM) is a non-volatile random-access memory technology available today that began its development in mid-1980s.
The megabit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information.
A memory card, flash card or memory cartridge is an electronic flash memory data storage device used for storing digital information.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
Memory Stick is a removable flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony in late 1998.
A Memory Technology Device (MTD) is a type of device file in Linux for interacting with flash memory.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit.
Micron Technology, Inc. is an American global corporation based in Boise, Idaho.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Moore's law is the observation that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles about every two years.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
In electronics, a multi-level cell (MLC) is a memory element capable of storing more than a single bit of information, compared to a single-level cell (SLC) which can store only one bit per memory element.
In consumer electronics, the MultiMediaCard (MMC) is a memory-card standard used for solid-state storage.
In digital electronics, a NAND gate (NOT-AND) is a logic gate which produces an output which is false only if all its inputs are true; thus its output is complement to that of an AND gate.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
A nanosecond (ns) is an SI unit of time equal to one thousand-millionth of a second (or one billionth of a second), that is, 1/1,000,000,000 of a second, or 10 seconds.
In computing, a nibble (occasionally nybble or nyble to match the spelling of byte) is a four-bit aggregation, or half an octet.
Non-volatile memory (NVM) or non-volatile storage is a type of computer memory that can retrieve stored information even after having been power cycled.
The NOR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical NOR - it behaves according to the truth table to the right.
Numonyx was a semiconductor company making flash memories, which was founded on March 31, 2008, by Intel Corporation, STMicroelectronics and Francisco Partners.
NVM Express (NVMe) or Non-Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface Specification (NVMHCIS) is an open logical device interface specification for accessing non-volatile storage media attached via a PCI Express (PCIe) bus.
The Open NAND Flash Interface Working Group (ONFI or ONFi with a lower case "i"), is a consortium of technology companies working to develop open standards for NAND flash memory and devices that communicate with them.
OpenWrt is an open source project for embedded operating system based on Linux, primarily used on embedded devices to route network traffic.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
In a general computing sense, overlaying means "the process of transferring a block of program code or other data into internal memory, replacing what is already stored".
In computer operating systems, paging is a memory management scheme by which a computer stores and retrieves data from secondary storage for use in main memory.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
Phase-change memory (also known as PCM, PCME, PRAM, PCRAM, OUM (ovonic unified memory) and C-RAM or CRAM (chalcogenide RAM)) is a type of non-volatile random-access memory.
In electronics, a pinout (sometimes written "pin-out") is a cross-reference between the contacts, or pins, of an electrical connector or electronic component, and their functions.
Polycrystalline silicon, also called polysilicon or poly-Si, is a high purity, polycrystalline form of silicon, used as a raw material by the solar photovoltaic and electronics industry.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
The programmable metallization cell, or PMC, is a non-volatile computer memory developed at Arizona State University.
PSoC (Programmable System-on-Chip) is a family of microcontroller integrated circuits by Cypress Semiconductor.
Quantum tunnelling or tunneling (see spelling differences) is the quantum mechanical phenomenon where a particle tunnels through a barrier that it classically cannot surmount.
The rad is a unit of absorbed radiation dose, defined as 1 rad.
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks, originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks) is a data storage virtualization technology that combines multiple physical disk drive components into one or more logical units for the purposes of data redundancy, performance improvement, or both.
In computer science, random access (more precisely and more generally called direct access) is the ability to access any item of data from a population of addressable elements roughly as easily and efficiently as any other, no matter how many elements may be in the set.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
ReadyBoost (codenamed EMD) is a disk caching software component developed by Microsoft for Windows Vista and included in later versions of the Windows operating system.
Reed–Solomon codes are a group of error-correcting codes that were introduced by Irving S. Reed and Gustave Solomon in 1960.
Resistive random-access memory (ReRAM or RRAM) is a type of non-volatile (NV) random-access (RAM) computer memory that works by changing the resistance across a dielectric solid-state material, often referred to as a memristor.
Rework (or re-work) is the term for the refinishing operation or repair of an electronic printed circuit board (PCB) assembly, usually involving desoldering and re-soldering of surface-mounted electronic components (SMD).
A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks.
In electronic design, wire routing, commonly called simply routing, is a step in the design of printed circuit boards (PCBs) and integrated circuits (ICs).
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子 (Literally "tristar electronics")) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. Through having an extremely complicated ownership structure with some circular ownership, it is the flagship company of the Samsung Group, accounting for 70% of the group's revenue in 2012. Samsung Electronics has assembly plants and sales networks in 80 countries and employs around 308,745 people. It is the world's largest information technology company, consumer electronics maker and chipmaker by revenue. As of October 2017, Samsung Electronics' market cap stood at US$372.0 billion. Samsung has long been a major manufacturer of electronic components such as lithium-ion batteries, semiconductors, chips, flash memory and hard drive devices for clients such as Apple, Sony, HTC and Nokia. It is the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones and smartphones, started with the original Samsung Solstice and later fueled by the popularity of its Samsung Galaxy line of devices. The company is also a major vendor of tablet computers, particularly its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab collection, and is generally regarded as pioneering the phablet market through the Samsung Galaxy Note family of devices. Samsung has been the world's largest television manufacturer since 2006, and the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones since 2011. It is also the world's largest memory chips manufacturer. In July 2017, Samsung Electronics overtook Intel as the largest semiconductor chip maker in the world. Samsung, like many other South Korean family-run chaebols, has been criticized for low dividend payouts and other governance practices that favor controlling shareholders at the expense of ordinary investors. In 2012, Kwon Oh-hyun was appointed the company's CEO but announced in October 2017 that he would resign in March 2018, citing an "unprecedented crisis".
SanDisk is a manufacturer of flash memory products, including memory cards and readers, USB flash drives, and solid state drives.
A scientific instrument is, broadly speaking, a device or tool used for scientific purposes, including the study of both natural phenomena and theoretical research.
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.
Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to create the integrated circuits that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices.
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a synchronous serial communication interface specification used for short distance communication, primarily in embedded systems.
In computing, serial presence detect (SPD) is a standardized way to automatically access information about a memory module.
A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) (one type also colloquially known as a cable box) is an information appliance device that generally contains a TV-tuner input and displays output to a television set and an external source of signal, turning the source signal into content in a form that then be displayed on the television screen or other display device.
Silicon nitride is a chemical compound of the elements silicon and nitrogen.
SK Hynix Inc. is a South Korean memory semiconductor supplier of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) chips and flash memory chips.
SmartMedia is a flash memory card standard owned by Toshiba, with capacities ranging from 2 MB to 128 MB.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
Solid-state storage (sometimes abbreviated as SSS) is a type of non-volatile computer storage that stores and retrieves digital information using only electronic circuits, without any involvement of moving mechanical parts.
SONOS, short for "silicon–oxide–nitride–oxide–silicon", more precisely, "polycrystalline silicon"—"silicon dioxide"—"silicon nitride"—"siicon dioxide"—"silicon", is a cross sectional structure of MOSFET, realized in late 70's.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Spansion Inc. was an American-based company that designed, developed, and manufactured flash memory, microcontrollers, mixed-signal and analog products, as well as system-on-chip (SoC) solutions.
Static random-access memory (static RAM or SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit.
A storage area network (SAN) is a Computer network which provides access to consolidated, block level data storage.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) is any dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) where the operation of its external pin interface is coordinated by an externally supplied clock signal.
The terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A thin client is a lightweight computer that has been optimized for remoting into a server-based computing environment.
Thin Small Outline Package, or TSOP is a type of surface mount IC package.
The threshold voltage, commonly abbreviated as Vth, of a field-effect transistor (FET) is the minimum gate-to-source voltage VGS (th) that is needed to create a conducting path between the source and drain terminals.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Tunnel injection is a field electron emission effect; specifically a quantum process called Fowler–Nordheim tunneling, whereby charge carriers are injected to an electric conductor through a thin layer of an electric insulator.
Ultrabook is an Intel specification and trademark for a line of high-end subnotebook computers featuring reduced bulk without compromising battery life.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
Secure USB flash drives protect the data stored on them from access by unauthorized users.
Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating an integrated circuit (IC) by combining hundreds of thousands of transistors or devices into a single chip.
In computing, virtual memory (also virtual storage) is a memory management technique that provides an "idealized abstraction of the storage resources that are actually available on a given machine" which "creates the illusion to users of a very large (main) memory." The computer's operating system, using a combination of hardware and software, maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
A wafer, also called a slice or substrate, is a thin slice of semiconductor material, such as a crystalline silicon, used in electronics for the fabrication of integrated circuits and in photovoltaics for conventional, wafer-based solar cells.
Wear leveling (also written as wear levelling) is a technique Wear leveling techniques for flash EEPROM systems.
Wire bonding is the method of making interconnections (ATJ) between an integrated circuit (IC) or other semiconductor device and its packaging during semiconductor device fabrication.
A wireless network interface controller (WNIC) is a network interface controller which connects to a wireless radio-based computer network, rather than a wired network, such as Token Ring or Ethernet.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
Write amplification (WA) is an undesirable phenomenon associated with flash memory and solid-state drives (SSDs) where the actual amount of information physically written to the storage media is a multiple of the logical amount intended to be written.
xD-Picture Card is a flash memory card format, used in digital cameras made by Olympus and Fujifilm.
3D NAND, 3D V-NAND, 3D VNAND, 3D vertical NAND, Compact flash recovery, FLASH ROM, Flash EEPROM, Flash Memory, Flash Memory Data Identification, Flash Memory Data Recognize, Flash Memory Disk Cache, Flash Memory hot data on-line identify, Flash RAM, Flash ROM, Flash chip, Flash driver, Flash media, Flash memory degradation, Flash memory disk cache, Flash ram, Flash rom, Flash storage, FlashROM, Memory wear, MoviNAND, NAND Flash, NAND Flash Memory, NAND flash, NAND flash drive, NAND flash memory, NOR flash, NOR flash memory, Nand memory, Program-erase cycle, Program–erase cycle, Read disturb, Serial flash, V-NAND, VNAND, Vertical NAND.