142 relations: Adaptation, Amphiesmenoptera, Anemia, Armadillo, Bacteria, Bartonella henselae, Bat, Biological agent, Biological life cycle, Biological specificity, Bioterrorism, Bird, Black Death, Black rat, Blood, Bubonic plague, Caddisfly, Cannon, Carbon dioxide, Carl Linnaeus, Cat flea, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Ceratophyllidae, Ceratophyllus gallinae, Cestoda, Chariot, Charles Rothschild, Charlie Chaplin, Cladogram, Coccobacillus, Compound eye, Conceit, Corticosterone, Cortisol, Cretaceous, Crustacean, Cytochrome c oxidase, Dermatitis, Disease, Egg, Elephant shrew, Elongation factor, Endopterygota, Entomology, Eroticism, False color, Fecundity, Flea allergy dermatitis, Flea circus, Fly, ..., Froghopper, Georges de La Tour, Georges Feydeau, Giorgio Federico Ghedini, Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Giuseppe Crespi, Gondwana, Greenwood Publishing Group, Habitat, Hectopsyllidae, Helminths, Hematophagy, Hemolymph, Holometabolism, Homology (biology), Hymenolepiasis, Hymenoptera, Hystrichopsyllidae, Imago, Immune system, Insect, Itch, Jewellery, John Donne, Jonathan Swift, Jurassic, Larva, Lepidoptera, Louse, Mammal, Mecoptera, Metaphor, Metaphysical poets, Micrographia, Microscope, Miriam Rothschild, Modest Mussorgsky, Moorhen flea, Mosquito, Murine typhus, Myriapoda, Myxomatosis, Natural History Museum, London, Order (biology), Oriental rat flea, Paleogene, Pandemic, Panorpida, Parasitism, Pierre André Latreille, Plague (disease), Plague of Justinian, Proboscis, Protozoa, Pulicidae, Pupa, Resilin, Rickettsia, Rickettsia felis, Rickettsia typhi, Robert Hooke, Roller (agricultural tool), Ross Piper, Scanning electron microscope, Septicemic plague, Silk, Sister group, Snow scorpionfly, Species, Spider, Spilopsyllus cuniculi, Stephanocircidae, Sucking louse, The Flea (poem), The New York Times, The Wildlife Trusts, Thysanura, Tick, Torque, Trombiculidae, Trypanosoma, Tunga penetrans, Tungiasis, University of Florida, Vector (epidemiology), Vertebrate, Virus, Warm-blooded, Watchmaker, Woodlouse, World War II, Yersinia pestis. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.
Amphiesmenoptera is an insect superorder, established by S. G. Kiriakoff, but often credited to Willi Hennig in his revision of insect taxonomy for two sister orders: Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) and Trichoptera (caddisflies).
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
Armadillos are New World placental mammals in the order Cingulata with a leathery armour shell.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Bartonella henselae, formerly Rochalimæa, is a proteobacterium that is the causative agent of cat-scratch disease (bartonellosis).
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
A biological agent—also called bio-agent, biological threat agent, biological warfare agent, biological weapon, or bioweapon—is a bacterium, virus, protozoan, parasite, or fungus that can be used purposefully as a weapon in bioterrorism or biological warfare (BW).
In biology, a biological life cycle (or just life cycle when the biological context is clear) is a series of changes in form that an organism undergoes, returning to the starting state.
In biology, biological specificity is the tendency of a characteristic such as a behavior or a biochemical variation to occur in a particular species.
Bioterrorism is terrorism involving the intentional release or dissemination of biological agents.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The black rat (Rattus rattus), also known as the ship rat, roof rat, house rat, is a common long-tailed rodent of the genus Rattus (rats) in the subfamily Murinae.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
The caddisflies, or order Trichoptera, are a group of insects with aquatic larvae and terrestrial adults.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
The cat flea (scientific name Ctenocephalides felis) is an extremely common parasitic insect whose principal host is the domestic cat, although a high proportion of the fleas found on dogs also belong to this species (this despite the widespread existence of a separate and well-established "dog" flea, Ctenocephalides canis).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Ceratophyllidae is a family of fleas.
Ceratophyllus gallinae, known as the hen flea in Europe or the European chicken flea elsewhere, is an ectoparasite of birds.
Cestoda is a class of parasitic worms in the flatworm (Platyhelminthes) phylum, commonly known as tapeworms.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (9 May 1877 – 12 October 1923), known as "Charles", was an English banker and entomologist and a member of the Rothschild family.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
A cladogram (from Greek clados "branch" and gramma "character") is a diagram used in cladistics to show relations among organisms.
A coccobacillus (plural coccobacilli) is a type of bacterium with a shape intermediate between cocci (spherical bacteria) and bacilli (rod-shaped bacteria).
A compound eye is a visual organ found in arthropods such as insects and crustaceans.
In modern literary criticism, in particular of genre fiction, conceit frequently means an extended rhetorical device, summed up in a short phrase, that refers to a situation which either does not exist or exists very infrequently but which is necessary to the plot.
Corticosterone, also known as 17-deoxycortisol and 11β,21-dihydroxyprogesterone, is a 21-carbon steroid hormone of the corticosteroid type produced in the cortex of the adrenal glands.
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
The enzyme cytochrome c oxidase or Complex IV, is a large transmembrane protein complex found in bacteria, archaea, and in eukaryotes in their mitochondria.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
An egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an animal embryo develops until it can survive on its own; at which point the animal hatches.
Elephant shrews, also called jumping shrews or sengis, are small insectivorous mammals native to Africa, belonging to the family Macroscelididae, in the order Macroscelidea. Their traditional common English name "elephant shrew" comes from a fancied resemblance between their long noses and the trunk of an elephant, and their superficial similarity with shrews (family Soricidae) in the order Eulipotyphla.
Elongation factors are a set of proteins that are used in protein synthesis in the process of cell cycle and elongation in some cells.
Endopterygota, also known as Holometabola, is a superorder of insects within the infraclass Neoptera that go through distinctive larval, pupal, and adult stages.
Entomology is the scientific study of insects, a branch of zoology.
Eroticism (from the Greek ἔρως, eros—"desire") is a quality that causes sexual feelings, as well as a philosophical contemplation concerning the aesthetics of sexual desire, sensuality and romantic love.
False color (or false colour) refers to a group of color rendering methods used to display images in color which were recorded in the visible or non-visible parts of the electromagnetic spectrum.
In human demography and population biology, fecundity is the potential for reproduction of an organism or population, measured by the number of gametes (eggs), seed set, or asexual propagules.
Flea allergy dermatitis, FAD, is an eczematous itchy skin disease of dogs and cats.
A flea circus is a circus sideshow attraction in which fleas are attached (or appear to be attached) to miniature carts and other items, and encouraged to perform circus acts within a small housing.
True flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wings".
The froghoppers, or the superfamily Cercopoidea, are a group of hemipteran insects in the suborder Auchenorrhyncha.
Georges de La Tour (March 13, 1593 – January 30, 1652) was a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648.
Georges Feydeau (8 December 1862 – 5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as the Belle Époque.
Giorgio Federico Ghedini (11 July 189225 March 1965) was an Italian composer.
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta (also called Giambattista Piazzetta or Giambattista Valentino Piazzetta) (February 13, 1682 or 1683 – April 28, 1754) was an Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes.
Giuseppe Maria Crespi (March 14, 1665 – July 16, 1747), nicknamed Lo Spagnuolo ("The Spaniard"), was an Italian late Baroque painter of the Bolognese School.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.
Hectopsyllidae is a small family of fleas, containing only the chigoe flea Tunga penetrans and the sticktight flea Echidnophaga gallinacea.
Helminths, also commonly known as parasitic worms, are large multicellular parasites, which can generally be seen with the naked eye when they are mature.
Hematophagy (sometimes spelled haematophagy or hematophagia) is the practice by certain animals of feeding on blood (from the Greek words αἷμα haima "blood" and φάγειν phagein "to eat").
Hemolymph, or haemolymph, is a fluid, analogous to the blood in vertebrates, that circulates in the interior of the arthropod body remaining in direct contact with the animal's tissues.
Holometabolism, also called complete metamorphosis, is a form of insect development which includes four life stages: egg, larva, pupa and imago or adult.
In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.
Hymenolepiasis is infestation by one of two species of tapeworm: Hymenolepis nana or H. diminuta.
Hymenoptera is a large order of insects, comprising the sawflies, wasps, bees, and ants.
Hystrichopsyllidae is a family of fleas in the order Siphonaptera.
In biology, the imago is the last stage an insect attains during its metamorphosis, its process of growth and development; it also is called the imaginal stage, the stage in which the insect attains maturity.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
Itch (also known as pruritus) is a sensation that causes the desire or reflex to scratch.
Jewellery (British English) or jewelry (American English)see American and British spelling differences consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks.
John Donne (22 January 1572 – 31 March 1631) was an English poet and cleric in the Church of England.
Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.
A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.
Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans).
Louse (plural: lice) is the common name for members of the order Phthiraptera, which contains nearly 5,000 species of wingless insect.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Mecoptera (from the Greek: mecos.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
The term metaphysical poets was coined by the critic Samuel Johnson to describe a loose group of 17th-century English poets whose work was characterized by the inventive use of conceits, and by a greater emphasis on the spoken rather than lyrical quality of their verse.
Micrographia: or Some Phyſiological Deſcriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
Dame Miriam Louisa Rothschild DBE FRS (5 August 1908 – 20 January 2005) was a British natural scientist and author with contributions to zoology, entomology, and botany.
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (mɐˈdɛst pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈmusərkskʲɪj; –) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five".
The moorhen flea (Dasypsyllus gallinulae) is a flea originating from South America.
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.
Murine typhus (also called endemic typhus) is a form of typhus transmitted by fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis), usually on rats.
Myriapoda is a subphylum of arthropods containing millipedes, centipedes, and others.
Myxomatosis (sometimes shortened to "myxo" or "myxy") is a disease that affects rabbits, caused by the ''myxoma'' virus.
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.
The Oriental rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis), also known as the tropical rat flea, is a parasite of rodents, primarily of the genus Rattus, and is a primary vector for bubonic plague and murine typhus.
The Paleogene (also spelled Palaeogene or Palæogene; informally Lower Tertiary or Early Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 43 million years from the end of the Cretaceous Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Neogene Period Mya.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
Panorpida or Mecopterida is a proposed superorder of Endopterygota.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Pierre André Latreille (29 November 1762 – 6 February 1833) was a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
The Plague of Justinian (541–542) was a pandemic that afflicted the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, especially its capital Constantinople, the Sassanid Empire, and port cities around the entire Mediterranean Sea.
A proboscis is an elongated appendage from the head of an animal, either a vertebrate or an invertebrate.
Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.
The Pulicidae are a flea family in the order Siphonaptera.
A pupa (pūpa, "doll"; plural: pūpae) is the life stage of some insects undergoing transformation between immature and mature stages.
Resilin is an elastomeric protein found in many insects and arthropods. It provides soft rubber-elasticity to mechanically active organs and tissue; for example, it enables insects of many species to jump or pivot their wings efficiently.
Rickettsia is a genus of nonmotile, Gram-negative, nonspore-forming, highly pleomorphic bacteria that can be present as cocci (0.1 μm in diameter), rods (1–4 μm long), or thread-like (10 μm long).
Rickettsia felis is a species of bacterium, the pathogen that causes cat-flea typhus in humans.
Rickettsia typhi is a species of the genus Rickettsia; it is the causative agent of Murine typhus.
Robert Hooke FRS (– 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath.
The roller is an agricultural tool used for flattening land or breaking up large clumps of soil, especially after ploughing.
Ross Piper is a British zoologist, entomologist, and explorer.
A scanning electron microscope (SEM) is a type of electron microscope that produces images of a sample by scanning the surface with a focused beam of electrons.
Septicemic plague is one of the three main forms of plague.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.
Boreidae, commonly called snow scorpionflies, or in the British Isles, snow fleas (no relation to the snow flea Hypogastrura nivicola) are a very small family of scorpionflies, containing only around 30 species, all of which are boreal or high-altitude species in the Northern Hemisphere.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom.
Spilopsyllus cuniculi, the rabbit flea, is a species of flea in the family Pulicidae.
Stephanocircidae is a family of fleas native to South America, where they are found on rodents.
Sucking lice (Anoplura, formerly known as Siphunculata) have around 500 species and represent the smaller of the two traditional suborders of lice.
"The Flea" is an erotic metaphysical poem (first published posthumously in 1633) by John Donne (1572–1631).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Wildlife Trusts, the trading name of the Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts, is an organisation made up of 47 local Wildlife Trusts in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and Alderney.
Thysanura is the now deprecated name of what for over a century was recognised as an order in the class Insecta.
Ticks are small arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
Trombiculidae (also called berry bugs, harvest mites, red bugs, scrub-itch mites and aoutas) are a family of mites.
Trypanosoma is a genus of kinetoplastids (class Kinetoplastida), a monophyletic group of unicellular parasitic flagellate protozoa.
Tunga penetrans (chigoe flea or jigger) is a parasitic insect found in most tropical and sub-tropical climates.
Tungiasis (also known as nigua, pio and bicho de pie, or pique or sand flea disease) is an inflammatory skin disease caused by infection with the female ectoparasitic Tunga penetrans (also known as chigoe flea, jigger, nigua or sand flea), found in the tropical parts of Africa, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and India.
The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is an American public land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research university on a campus in Gainesville, Florida.
In epidemiology, a disease vector is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes, but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Warm-blooded animal species can maintain a body temperature higher than their environment.
A watchmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs watches.
A woodlouse (plural woodlice) is a terrestrial isopod crustacean with a rigid, segmented, long exoskeleton and fourteen jointed limbs.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis) is a Gram-negative, non-motile rod-shaped coccobacillus, with no spores.