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Index Flower

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). [1]

196 relations: Adaptation, Adnation, Ah! Sun-flower, Allergen, Allergic rhinitis, Amborella, Amorphophallus titanum, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Anemophily, Anthecology, Antirrhinum majus, Arabidopsis thaliana, Archaefructus, Artichoke, Asimina triloba, Asteraceae, Aztecs, BBC News, Bee, Beer, Bellis perennis, Biennial plant, Bird, Bisexuality, Blossom, Boutonnière, Bract, Broccoli, Bud, Calendula, Camellia sinensis, Canna (plant), Caper, Carrion flower, Cauliflower, Centaurea cyanus, Charles Darwin, Chicken, Chicory, Chloris, Chrysanthemum, Claude Monet, Cleistogamy, Cloning, Clove, Clover, CMYK color model, Coevolution, Color wheel, ..., Connation, Corsage, Crocus, Cucurbita, Cypripedioideae, Day of the Dead, Dianthus caryophyllus, Diaspore (botany), DNA, Endangered species, Entomophily, Extinction, Female, Fertilisation, Fig wasp, Flora (mythology), Floral diagram, Floral formula, Floral scent, Floral symmetry, Florigen, Floristry, Flower bouquet, Flower garden, Flower preservation, Flowering plant, Forbidden City, Fruit, Funeral, Gametophyte, Garden, Georgia O'Keeffe, Georgian cuisine, Gigantopterid, Ginkgo, Goldenrod, Gynoecium, Helianthus, Herbal tea, Hermaphrodite, Hindu, Honey, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hydrophily, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud, Imogen Cunningham, Infant baptism, Inflorescence, Insect, Iris (plant), Judy Chicago, Language of flowers, Leaf, Lilium, List of garden plants, List of plants known as lotus, MADS-box, Maize, Medicine, Meristem, Mexico, Molecular phylogenetics, Montsechia, Nature Communications, Nectar, Nectar guide, Odor, Oleanane, Orange (fruit), Ornithophily, Ovary (botany), Pansy, Parthenocarpy, Pedicel (botany), Peduncle (botany), Peony, Perennial plant, Perianth, Petal, Petrified wood, Photoperiodism, Pinophyta, Plant evolutionary developmental biology, Plant hormone, Plant reproductive morphology, Plant stem, Poaceae, Pollen, Pollen tube, Pollination, Pollination syndrome, Pollinator decline, Poppy, Protein, Pseudanthium, Pteridospermatophyta, Pygmy possum, Qian Xuan, Rafflesia, Ragweed, Ranunculaceae, Receptacle (botany), Religion, Reproduction, Romantic poetry, Root, Rose, Saffron, Sambucus, Seed, Self-pollination, Sepal, Sex organ, Sister group, Small population size, Sowing, Speciation, Spice, Sporangium, Spore, Stamen, Sunflowers (Van Gogh series), Symbiosis, Symbol, Symmetry in biology, Sympathy, Taraxacum, Taxon, Temperature, Temple, The Guardian, Transcription factor, Tropaeolum, Tupelo, Typha, Ultraviolet, Verónica Ruiz de Velasco, Vernalization, Vincent van Gogh, Viola (plant), White, Whorl (botany), William Blake, William Wordsworth, Yvonne Aitken. Expand index (146 more) »


In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.

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Adnation in Angiosperms is the fusion of two or more whorls of a flower, e.g. stamens to petals".

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Ah! Sun-flower

"Ah! Sun-flower" is an illustrated poem written by the English poet, painter and printmaker William Blake.

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An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.

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Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air.

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Amborella is a monotypic genus of understory shrubs or small trees endemic to the main island, Grande Terre, of New Caledonia.

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Amorphophallus titanum

Amorphophallus titanum, also known as the titan arum, is a flowering plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Anemophily or wind pollination is a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by wind.

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Anthecology, or pollination biology, is the study of pollination as well as the relationships between flowers and their pollinators.

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Antirrhinum majus

Antirrhinum majus (common snapdragon; often - especially in horticulture - simply "snapdragon") is a species of flowering plant belonging to the genus Antirrhinum.

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Arabidopsis thaliana

Arabidopsis thaliana, the thale cress, mouse-ear cress or arabidopsis, is a small flowering plant native to Eurasia and Africa.

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Archaefructus is an extinct genus of herbaceous aquatic seed plants with 3 known species.

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The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus)Rottenberg, A., and D. Zohary, 1996: "The wild ancestry of the cultivated artichoke." Genet.

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Asimina triloba

Asimina triloba, the papaw, pawpaw, paw paw, paw-paw, common pawpaw, Quaker delight, or hillbilly mango is a small deciduous tree native to the eastern United States and Canada, producing a large, yellowish-green to brown fruit.

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Asteraceae or Compositae (commonly referred to as the aster, daisy, composite,Great Basin Wildflowers, Laird R. Blackwell, 2006, p. 275 or sunflower family) is a very large and widespread family of flowering plants (Angiospermae).

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The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.

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Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

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Bellis perennis

Bellis perennis is a common European species of daisy, of the Asteraceae family, often considered the archetypal species of that name.

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Biennial plant

A biennial plant is a flowering plant that takes two years to complete its biological lifecycle.

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes alternatively termed pansexuality. The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, all of which exist on the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.

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In botany, blossoms are the flowers of stone fruit trees (genus Prunus) and of some other plants with a similar appearance that flower profusely for a period of time in spring.

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A boutonnière is a floral decoration, typically a single flower or bud, worn on the lapel of a tuxedo or suit jacket.

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In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale.

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Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head is eaten as a vegetable.

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In botany, a bud is an undeveloped or embryonic shoot and normally occurs in the axil of a leaf or at the tip of a stem.

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Calendula, is a genus of about 15–20 species Flora of China.

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Camellia sinensis

Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea.

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Canna (plant)

Canna (or canna lily, although not a true lily) is a genus of 10 species of flowering plants.

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Capparis spinosa, the caper bush, also called Flinders rose, is a perennial plant that bears rounded, fleshy leaves and large white to pinkish-white flowers.

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Carrion flower

Carrion flowers, also known as corpse flowers or stinking flowers, are flowers that emit an odor that smells like rotting flesh.

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Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae.

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Centaurea cyanus

Centaurea cyanus, commonly known as cornflower or bachelor's button, is an annual flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to Europe.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.

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Common chicory, Cichorium intybus, is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink.

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In Greek mythology, the name Chloris (Greek Χλωρίς Khlōris, from χλωρός khlōros, meaning "greenish-yellow", "pale green", "pale", "pallid", or "fresh") appears in a variety of contexts.

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Chrysanthemums, sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae.

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Claude Monet

Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.

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Cleistogamy is a type of automatic self-pollination of certain plants that can propagate by using non-opening, self-pollinating flowers.

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Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.

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Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.

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Clover or trefoil are common names for plants of the genus Trifolium (Latin, tres "three" + folium "leaf"), consisting of about 300 species of plants in the leguminous pea family Fabaceae.

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CMYK color model

The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.

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In biology, coevolution occurs when two or more species reciprocally affect each other's evolution.

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Color wheel

A color wheel or colour circle is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle, which shows the relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors etc.

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Connation in plants is the developmental fusion of organs of the same type, for example, petals to one another to form a tubular corolla.

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A corsage is a small bouquet of flowers worn on a woman's dress or around her wrist for a formal occasion.

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Crocus (English plural: crocuses or croci) is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms.

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Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, also known as cucurbits, native to the Andes and Mesoamerica.

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Lady's slipper orchids (also known as lady slipper orchids or slipper orchids) are orchids in the subfamily Cypripedioideae, which comprises the genera Cypripedium, Mexipedium, Paphiopedilum, Phragmipedium and Selenipedium.

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Day of the Dead

The Day of the Dead (Día de Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico, in particular the Central and South regions, and by people of Mexican ancestry living in other places, especially the United States.

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Dianthus caryophyllus

Dianthus caryophyllus, the carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus.

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Diaspore (botany)

In botany, a diaspore is a plant dispersal unit consisting of a seed or spore plus any additional tissues that assist dispersal.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Endangered species

An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.

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Entomophily or insect pollination is a form of pollination whereby pollen of plants, especially but not only of flowering plants, is distributed by insects.

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In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.

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Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).

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Fertilisation or fertilization (see spelling differences), also known as generative fertilisation, conception, fecundation, syngamy and impregnation, is the fusion of gametes to initiate the development of a new individual organism.

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Fig wasp

Fig wasps are wasps of the superfamily Chalcidoidea which spend their larval stage inside figs.

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Flora (mythology)

In Roman mythology, Flora (Flōra) is a Sabine-derived goddess of flowers and of the season of spring – a symbol for nature and flowers (especially the may-flower).

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Floral diagram

Floral diagram is a graphic representation of flower structure.

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Floral formula

Floral formula is a means to represent the structure of a flower using numbers, letters and various symbols, presenting substantial information about the flower in a compact form.

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Floral scent

Floral scent or flower scent is composed of all the volatile organic compounds (VOCs), or aroma compounds, emitted by floral tissue (e.g. flower petals).

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Floral symmetry

Floral symmetry describes whether, and how, a flower, in particular its perianth, can be divided into two or more identical or mirror-image parts.

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Florigen (or flowering hormone) is the hypothesized hormone-like molecule responsible for controlling and/or triggering flowering in plants.

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Floristry is the production, commerce and trade in flowers.

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Flower bouquet

A flower bouquet is a collection of flowers in a creative arrangement.

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Flower garden

A flower garden or floral garden is any garden where flowers are grown and displayed.

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Flower preservation

Flower preservation is as early as the history of man, although deliberate flower preservation is a more recent phenomenon.

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is a palace complex in central Beijing, China.

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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A funeral is a ceremony connected with the burial, cremation, or interment of a corpse, or the burial (or equivalent) with the attendant observances.

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A gametophyte is one of the two alternating phases in the life cycle of plants and algae.

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A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.

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Georgia O'Keeffe

Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist.

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Georgian cuisine

Georgian cuisine (kartuli samzareulo) refers to the cooking styles and dishes created by Georgian people.

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Gigantopterids (Gigantopteridales) is the name given to fossils of a group of plants existing in the Permian period, some.

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Ginkgo is a genus of highly unusual non-flowering plants.

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Solidago, commonly called goldenrods, is a genus of about 100 to 120 Flora of China.

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Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.

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Helianthus or sunflower is a genus of plants comprising about 70 species Flora of North America.

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Herbal tea

Herbal teas — less commonly called tisanes (UK and US, US also) — are beverages made from the infusion or decoction of herbs, spices, or other plant material in hot water.

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In biology, a hermaphrodite is an organism that has complete or partial reproductive organs and produces gametes normally associated with both male and female sexes.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.

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Honeysuckles (Lonicera,; syn. Caprifolium Mill.) are arching shrubs or twining vines in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Northern Hemisphere.

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Hops are the flowers (also called seed cones or strobiles) of the hop plant Humulus lupulus. They are used primarily as a flavouring and stability agent in beer, to which they impart bitter, zesty, or citric flavours; though they are also used for various purposes in other beverages and herbal medicine.

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Hydrophily is a fairly uncommon form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by the flow of waters, particularly in rivers and streams.

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I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

"I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" (also commonly known as "Daffodils") is a lyric poem by William Wordsworth.

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Imogen Cunningham

Imogen Cunningham (April 12, 1883 – June 23, 1976) was an American photographer known for her botanical photography, nudes, and industrial landscapes.

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Infant baptism

Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children.

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An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.

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Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Iris (plant)

Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.

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Judy Chicago

Judy Chicago (born Judith Sylvia Cohen; July 20, 1939) is an American feminist artist, art educator, and writer known for her large collaborative art installation pieces about birth and creation images, which examine the role of women in history and culture.

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Language of flowers

The language of flowers, sometimes called floriography, is a means of cryptological communication through the use or arrangement of flowers.

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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Lilium (members of which are true lilies) is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs, all with large prominent flowers.

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List of garden plants

This is a partial list of garden plants, plants that can be cultivated in the garden, listed alphabetically by genus.

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List of plants known as lotus

Lotus identifies various plant taxa.

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The MADS box is a conserved sequence motif.

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Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Molecular phylogenetics

Molecular phylogenetics is the branch of phylogeny that analyzes genetic, hereditary molecular differences, predominately in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships.

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Montsechia is an extinct genus of aquatic plants containing the species Montsechia vidalii, discovered in Spain.

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Nature Communications

Nature Communications is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Nature Publishing Group since 2010.

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Nectar is a sugar-rich liquid produced by plants in glands called nectaries, either within the flowers with which it attracts pollinating animals, or by extrafloral nectaries, which provide a nutrient source to animal mutualists, which in turn provide antiherbivore protection.

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Nectar guide

Nectar guides are markings or patterns seen in flowers of some angiosperm species, that guide pollinators to their rewards.

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An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.

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Oleanane is a natural triterpene.

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Orange (fruit)

The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.

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Ornithophily or bird pollination is the pollination of flowering plants by birds.

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Ovary (botany)

In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.

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The garden pansy is a type of large-flowered hybrid plant cultivated as a garden flower.

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In botany and horticulture, parthenocarpy (literally meaning "virgin fruit") is the natural or artificially induced production of fruit without fertilization of ovules, which makes the fruit seedless.

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Pedicel (botany)

A pedicel is a stem that attaches a single flower to the inflorescence.

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Peduncle (botany)

In botany, a peduncle is a stem supporting an inflorescence, or after fecundation, an infructescence.

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The peony or paeony is a flowering plant in the genus Paeonia, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae.

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Perennial plant

A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.

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The perianth (perigonium, perigon or perigone) is the non-reproductive part of the flower, and structure that forms an envelope surrounding the sexual organs, consisting of the calyx (sepals) and the corolla (petals).

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Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers.

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Petrified wood

Petrified wood (from the Greek root petro meaning "rock" or "stone"; literally "wood turned into stone") is the name given to a special type of fossilized remains of terrestrial vegetation.

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Photoperiodism is the physiological reaction of organisms to the length of day or night.

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The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.

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Plant evolutionary developmental biology

Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) refers to the study of developmental programs and patterns from an evolutionary perspective.

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Plant hormone

Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.

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Plant reproductive morphology

Plant reproductive morphology is the study of the physical form and structure (the morphology) of those parts of plants directly or indirectly concerned with sexual reproduction.

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Plant stem

A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.

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Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.

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Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).

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Pollen tube

A pollen tube is a tubular structure produced by the male gametophyte of seed plants when it germinates.

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Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.

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Pollination syndrome

Pollination syndromes are suites of flower traits that have evolved in response to natural selection imposed by different pollen vectors, which can be abiotic (wind and water) or biotic, such as birds, bees, flies, and so forth.

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Pollinator decline

The term pollinator decline refers to the reduction in abundance of insect and other animal pollinators in many ecosystems worldwide beginning at the end of the 20th century, and continuing into the present.

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A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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A pseudanthium (Greek for "false flower"), also called a flower head or composite flower, is a special type of inflorescence, in which anything from a small cluster to hundreds or sometimes thousands of flowers are grouped together to form a single flower-like structure.

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The term Pteridospermatophyta (or "seed ferns" or "Pteridospermatopsida") refers to several distinct groups of extinct seed-bearing plants (spermatophytes).

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Pygmy possum

The pygmy possums are a family of small possums that together form the marsupial family Burramyidae.

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Qian Xuan

Qian Xuan (1235-1305) courtesy name Shun Ju (舜举), pseudonyms Yu Tan (玉潭, "Jade Pool"), Xi Lan Weng (习嬾翁), and Zha Chuan Weng (霅川翁) was a Chinese painter from Hu Zhou (湖州) (present day Wuxing District in Zhejiang)Ci hai Page 1704 during the late Song dynasty and early Yuan dynasty era.

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Rafflesia is a genus of parasitic flowering plants.

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Ragweeds are flowering plants in the genus Ambrosia in the aster family, Asteraceae.

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Ranunculaceae (buttercup or crowfoot family; Latin rānunculus "little frog", from rāna "frog") is a family of over 2,000 known species of flowering plants in 43 genera, distributed worldwide.

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Receptacle (botany)

In botany, the receptacle or torus (an older term is thalamus, as in Thalamiflorae) is the thickened part of a stem (pedicel) from which the flower organs grow.

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Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.

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Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".

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Romantic poetry

Romantic poetry is the poetry of the Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century.

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In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.

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A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

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Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".

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Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae.

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A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

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Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants) or at the ovule (in gymnosperms).

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A sepal is a part of the flower of angiosperms (flowering plants).

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Sex organ

A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.

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Sister group

A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.

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Small population size

Small populations can behave differently from larger populations.

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Sowing is the process of planting.

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Speciation is the evolutionary process by which populations evolve to become distinct species.

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A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.

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A sporangium (pl., sporangia) (modern Latin, from Greek σπόρος (sporos) ‘spore’ + αγγείον (angeion) ‘vessel’) is an enclosure in which spores are formed.

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In biology, a spore is a unit of sexual or asexual reproduction that may be adapted for dispersal and for survival, often for extended periods of time, in unfavourable conditions.

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The stamen (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.

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Sunflowers (Van Gogh series)

Sunflowers (original title, in French: Tournesols) is the name of two series of still life paintings by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh.

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Symbiosis (from Greek συμβίωσις "living together", from σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is any type of a close and long-term biological interaction between two different biological organisms, be it mutualistic, commensalistic, or parasitic.

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A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.

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Symmetry in biology

Symmetry in biology is the balanced distribution of duplicate body parts or shapes within the body of an organism.

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Sympathy (from the Greek words syn "together" and pathos "feeling" which means "fellow-feeling") is the perception, understanding, and reaction to the distress or need of another life form.

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Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.

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In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.

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Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

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A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Transcription factor

In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.

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Tropaeolum, commonly known as nasturtium (literally "nose-twister" or "nose-tweaker"), is a genus of roughly 80 species of annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants.

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Tupelo, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves.

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Typha is a genus of about 30 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Typhaceae.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Verónica Ruiz de Velasco

Veronica Ruiz de Velasco (born 1968 in México D.F.) is a neo-figurative painter of Mexican origin living in the United States.

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Vernalization (from Latin vernus, "of the spring") is the induction of a plant's flowering process by exposure to the prolonged cold of winter, or by an artificial equivalent.

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Vincent van Gogh

Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.

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Viola (plant)

Viola (and) is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.

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White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue), because it fully reflects and scatters all the visible wavelengths of light.

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Whorl (botany)

In botany, a whorl or verticil is an arrangement of sepals, petals, leaves, stipules or branches that radiate from a single point and surround or wrap around the stem.

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William Blake

William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.

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William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798).

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Yvonne Aitken

Yvonne Aitken (1911 – 2004) was an Australian agricultural scientist whose contributions to the field included studies of plant flowering as it depends on climate, season, and genetic factors.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flower

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