23 relations: Antibody, Cancer, Chemical polarity, Cyclotron, Electron capture, Electrostatics, Fludeoxyglucose (18F), Fluoride, Fluorine, Half-life, Hydroxy group, Isotopes of fluorine, Isotopes of neon, Linear particle accelerator, Minute, Oxygen-18, Positron, Positron emission, Positron emission tomography, Proton, Radionuclide, Radiopharmacology, Steric effects.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.
A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator invented by Ernest O. Lawrence in 1929-1930 at the University of California, Berkeley, and patented in 1932.
Electron capture (K-electron capture, also K-capture, or L-electron capture, L-capture) is a process in which the proton-rich nucleus of an electrically neutral atom absorbs an inner atomic electron, usually from the K or L electron shell.
Electrostatics is a branch of physics that studies electric charges at rest.
Fludeoxyglucose (18F) (INN), or fludeoxyglucose F 18 (USAN and USP), also commonly called fluorodeoxyglucose and abbreviated FDG, 18F-FDG or FDG, is a radiopharmaceutical used in the medical imaging modality positron emission tomography (PET).
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Although fluorine (9F) has 18 known isotopes from 14F to 31F and two isomers (18mF and 26mF), only one of these isotopes is stable, that is, fluorine-19; as such, it is a monoisotopic element.
Neon (10Ne) possesses three stable isotopes, 20Ne, 21Ne, and 22Ne.
A linear particle accelerator (often shortened to linac) is a type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles or ions to a high speed by subjecting them to a series of oscillating electric potentials along a linear beamline.
The minute is a unit of time or angle.
Oxygen-18 is a natural, stable isotope of oxygen and one of the environmental isotopes.
The positron or antielectron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron.
Positron emission or beta plus decay (β+ decay) is a subtype of radioactive decay called beta decay, in which a proton inside a radionuclide nucleus is converted into a neutron while releasing a positron and an electron neutrino (νe).
Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
Radiopharmacology or medicinal radiochemistry is radiochemistry applied to medicine and thus the pharmacology of radiopharmaceuticals (medicinal radiocompounds, that is, pharmaceutical drugs that are radioactive).
Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.