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Index Fluorophore

A fluorophore (or fluorochrome, similarly to a chromophore) is a fluorescent chemical compound that can re-emit light upon light excitation. [1]

131 relations: Acetyl bromide, Acridine, Acridine orange, Acridine yellow, Alexa Fluor, Allophycocyanin, Amine, Aminocoumarin, Anthracene, Anthraquinone, Aromaticity, Auramine O, Azide, Benzene, Bilirubin, Biochemistry, Biosearch Technologies, BODIPY, Boronic acid, Carbodiimide, Carboxylate, Carboxylic acid, Chemical compound, Chromomycin A3, Chromophore, Click chemistry, Cosmetics, Coumarin, Covalent bond, Cresyl violet, Crystal violet, Current Organic Chemistry, Cyanine, Dansyl chloride, DAPI, Dark quencher, Dye, Dye tracing, DyLight Fluor, Enzyme, Eosin, Ethidium bromide, Förster resonance energy transfer, Fluo-3, Fluo-4, FluoProbes, Fluorescein, Fluorescein isothiocyanate, Fluorescence, Fluorescence anisotropy, ..., Fluorescence in the life sciences, Fluorescence microscope, Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Fluorescent protein, Fura-2-acetoxymethyl ester, Furazan, Fusion protein, Glutaraldehyde, Green fluorescent protein, Herniarin, Highlighter, Hoechst stain, Hydrazine, Hydroxycoumarin, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Indocyanine green, Infrared, Interchim, Invitrogen, Isothiocyanate, Laundry detergent, Light, Lipid bilayer, Lucifer yellow, Macromolecule, Malachite green, Maleimide, MCherry, Merocyanine, Molecular mass, Nanometre, Nanoparticle, Naphthalene, NBD-TMA, Nile blue, Nile red, OLED, Oxazines, Peridinin, Personal protective equipment, PH, Photochemistry, Phthalocyanine, Phycobiliprotein, Phycobilisome, Phycoerythrin, Pi bond, Plasmid, Plicamycin, Porphine, Proflavine, Propidium iodide, Protein, Pyrene, Quantum dot, Quantum efficiency, Quantum yield, Quenching (fluorescence), Rhodamine, Roger Y. Tsien, Seminaphtharhodafluor, Sigma-Aldrich, Small molecule, Small molecule sensors, Solar panel, Squaraine dye, Staining, Steric effects, SYTOX, Tetrapyrrole, Texas Red, Thiol, Ultraviolet, Unified atomic mass unit, Visible spectrum, Wavelength, Xanthene, YOYO-1, 6-Carboxyfluorescein. Expand index (81 more) »

Acetyl bromide

Acetyl bromide is an acyl bromide compound.

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Acridine is an organic compound and a nitrogen heterocycle with the formula C13H9N.

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Acridine orange

Acridine orange is an organic compound.

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Acridine yellow

Acridine yellow, also known as acridine yellow G, acridine yellow H107, basic yellow K, and 3,6-diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine, is a yellow dye with strong bluish-green fluorescence.

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Alexa Fluor

The Alexa Fluor family of fluorescent dyes is a series of dyes invented by Molecular Probes, now a part of Thermo Fisher Scientific, and sold under the Invitrogen brand name.

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Allophycocyanin (from Greek: ἄλλος (allos) meaning "other", φύκος (phykos) meaning “alga”, and κυανός (kyanos) meaning "blue") is a protein from the light-harvesting phycobiliprotein family, along with phycocyanin, phycoerythrin and phycoerythrocyanin.

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In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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Aminocoumarin is a class of antibiotics that act by an inhibition of the DNA gyrase enzyme involved in the cell division in bacteria.

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Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings.

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Anthraquinone, also called anthracenedione or dioxoanthracene, is an aromatic organic compound with formula.

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In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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Auramine O

Auramine O is a diarylmethane dye used as a fluorescent stain.

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Azide is the anion with the formula N. It is the conjugate base of hydrazoic acid (HN3).

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Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Bilirubin is a yellow compound that occurs in the normal catabolic pathway that breaks down heme in vertebrates.

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Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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Biosearch Technologies

Biosearch Technologies, Inc.

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BODIPY, abbreviation for boron-dipyrromethene, is a class of fluorescent dyes.

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Boronic acid

A boronic acid is a compound related to boric acid in which one of the three hydroxyl groups is replaced by an alkyl or aryl group.

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A carbodiimide or a methanediimine is a functional group consisting of the formula RN.

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A carboxylate is a salt or ester of a carboxylic acid.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

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Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

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Chromomycin A3

Chromomycin A3 (CMA3) or Toyomycin is an anthraquinone antibiotic glycoside produced by the fermentation of a certain strain of Streptomyces griseus (No. 7).

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A chromophore is the part of a molecule responsible for its color.

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Click chemistry

In chemical synthesis, "click" chemistry is a class of biocompatible small molecule reactions commonly used in bioconjugation, allowing the joining of substrates of choice with specific biomolecules.

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Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.

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Coumarin (2H-chromen-2-one) is a fragrant organic chemical compound in the benzopyrone chemical class, although it may also be seen as a subclass of lactones.

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Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

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Cresyl violet

Cresyl violet is an organic compound with the chemical formula C19H18ClN3O.

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Crystal violet

Crystal violet or gentian violet (also known as methyl violet 10B or hexamethyl pararosaniline chloride) is a triarylmethane dye used as a histological stain and in Gram's method of classifying bacteria.

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Current Organic Chemistry

Current Organic Chemistry is a scientific review journal summarizing progress in the fields of asymmetric synthesis, organo-metallic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, heterocyclic chemistry, natural product chemistry and analytical methods in organic chemistry.

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Cyanine is the non-systematic name of a synthetic dye family belonging to polymethine group.

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Dansyl chloride

Dansyl chloride or 5-(DimethylAmino)Naphthalene-1-SulfonYL chloride is a reagent that reacts with primary amino groups in both aliphatic and aromatic amines to produce stable blue- or blue-green–fluorescent sulfonamide adducts.

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DAPI, or 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, is a fluorescent stain that binds strongly to adenine–thymine rich regions in DNA.

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Dark quencher

A dark quencher (also known as a dark sucker) is a substance that absorbs excitation energy from a fluorophore and dissipates the energy as heat; while a typical (fluorescent) quencher re-emits much of this energy as light.

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A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.

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Dye tracing

Dye tracing is tracking and tracing various flows using dye added to the liquid in question.

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DyLight Fluor

The DyLight Fluor family of fluorescent dyes are produced by Dyomics in collaboration with Thermo Fisher Scientific.

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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Eosin is the name of several fluorescent acidic compounds which bind to and form salts with basic, or eosinophilic, compounds like proteins containing amino acid residues such as arginine and lysine, and stains them dark red or pink as a result of the actions of bromine on fluorescein.

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Ethidium bromide

Ethidium bromide is an intercalating agent commonly used as a fluorescent tag (nucleic acid stain) in molecular biology laboratories for techniques such as agarose gel electrophoresis.

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Förster resonance energy transfer

Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), resonance energy transfer (RET) or electronic energy transfer (EET) is a mechanism describing energy transfer between two light-sensitive molecules (chromophores).

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Fluo-3 is a fluorescence indicator of intracellular calcium (Ca2+).

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Fluo-4 is used to measure calcium (Ca2+) concentrations inside living cells, and is often used for high-throughput screening of receptor ligands and calcium permeable ion channels.

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The FluoProbes series of fluorescent dyes were developed by Interchim to improve performances of standard fluorophores.

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Fluorescein is a manufactured organic compound and dye.

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Fluorescein isothiocyanate

Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) is a derivative of fluorescein used in wide-ranging applications including flow cytometry.

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Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.

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Fluorescence anisotropy

Fluorescence anisotropy or fluorescence polarization is the phenomenon where the light emitted by a fluorophore has unequal intensities along different axes of polarization.

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Fluorescence in the life sciences

Fluorescence is used in the life sciences generally as a non-destructive way of tracking or analysing biological molecules by means of fluorescence.

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Fluorescence microscope

A fluorescence microscope is an optical microscope that uses fluorescence and phosphorescence instead of, or in addition to, reflection and absorption to study properties of organic or inorganic substances.

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Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching

Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) is a method for determining the kinetics of diffusion through tissue or cells.

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Fluorescence spectroscopy

Fluorescence spectroscopy (also known as fluorometry or spectrofluorometry) is a type of electromagnetic spectroscopy that analyzes fluorescence from a sample.

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Fluorescent protein

Fluorescent proteins include.

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Fura-2-acetoxymethyl ester

Fura-2-acetoxymethyl ester, often abbreviated Fura-2AM, is a membrane-permeant derivative of the ratiometric calcium indicator Fura-2 used in biochemistry to measure cellular calcium concentrations by fluorescence.

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Furazan, or 1,2,5-oxadiazole, is an heterocyclic aromatic organic compound consisting of a five-atom ring containing 1 oxygen and 2 nitrogen atoms.

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Fusion protein

Fusion proteins or chimeric (\kī-ˈmir-ik) proteins (literally, made of parts from different sources) are proteins created through the joining of two or more genes that originally coded for separate proteins.

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Glutaraldehyde, sold under the brandname Cidex and Glutaral among others, is a disinfectant and medication.

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Green fluorescent protein

The green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a protein composed of 238 amino acid residues (26.9 kDa) that exhibits bright green fluorescence when exposed to light in the blue to ultraviolet range.

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Herniarin is a natural chemical compound.

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A highlighter is a type of writing device used to draw attention to sections of text by marking them with a vivid, translucent colour.

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Hoechst stain

Hoechst stains are part of a family of blue fluorescent dyes used to stain DNA.

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Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.

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Hydroxycoumarin may refer to.

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Immunofluorescence is a technique used for light microscopy with a fluorescence microscope and is used primarily on microbiological samples.

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Immunohistochemistry (IHC) involves the process of selectively imaging antigens (proteins) in cells of a tissue section by exploiting the principle of antibodies binding specifically to antigens in biological tissues.

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Indocyanine green

Indocyanine green (ICG) is a cyanine dye used in medical diagnostics.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Interchim is a privately owned French company specialized in manufacturing and distribution of reagents, consumables and dedicated instruments for the R&D and industry laboratory in the fields of fine chemistry, chromatography and bio-analysis.

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Invitrogen is one of several brands under the Thermo Fisher Scientific corporation.

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Isothiocyanate is the chemical group –N.

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Laundry detergent

Laundry detergent, or washing powder, is a type of detergent (cleaning agent) that is added for cleaning laundry.

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Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Lipid bilayer

The lipid bilayer (or phospholipid bilayer) is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.

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Lucifer yellow

Lucifer yellow is a fluorescent dye used in cell biology.

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A macromolecule is a very large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits (monomers).

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Malachite green

Malachite green is an organic compound that is used as a dyestuff and controversially as an antimicrobial in aquaculture.

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Maleimide is a chemical compound with the formula H2C2(CO)2NH (see diagram).

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mCherry is a fluorophore (a fluorescent protein) used as a marker when tagged to molecules and cell components.

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Merocyanines are a class of fluorescent dyes typified by merocyanine I. These dyes are usually intensely colored and have large extinction coefficients.

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Molecular mass

Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.

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The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).

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Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.

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Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.

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NBD-TMA (trimethylammonium) is a small, positively charged (+1) fluorescent dye.

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Nile blue

Nile blue (or Nile blue A) is a stain used in biology and histology.

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Nile red

Nile red (also known as Nile blue oxazone) is a lipophilic stain.

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An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current.

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Oxazines are heterocyclic compounds containing one oxygen and one nitrogen atom in a doubly unsaturated six-membered ring.

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Peridinin is a light-harvesting apocarotenoid, a pigment associated with chlorophyll and found in the peridinin-chlorophyll-protein (PCP) light-harvesting complex in dinoflagellates, best studied in Amphidinium carterae.

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Personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection.

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In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

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Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light.

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Phthalocyanine (H2Pc) is a large, aromatic, macrocyclic, organic compound with the formula (C8H4N2)4H2 and is of theoretical or specialized interest.

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Phycobiliproteins are water-soluble proteins present in cyanobacteria and certain algae (rhodophytes, cryptomonads, glaucocystophytes) which capture light energy, which is then passed on to chlorophylls during photosynthesis.

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Phycobilisomes are light harvesting antennae of photosystem II in cyanobacteria, red algae and glaucophytes.

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Phycoerythrin (PE) is a red protein-pigment complex from the light-harvesting phycobiliprotein family, present in red algae and cryptophytes, accessory to the main chlorophyll pigments responsible for photosynthesis.

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Pi bond

In chemistry, pi bonds (π bonds) are covalent chemical bonds where two lobes of an orbital on one atom overlap two lobes of an orbital on another atom.

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A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently.

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Plicamycin (INN, also known as mithramycin; trade name Mithracin) is an antineoplastic antibiotic produced by Streptomyces plicatus.

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Porphine is the parent chemical compound for types of biochemically significant compounds called porphyrins.

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Proflavine, also called proflavin and diaminoacridine and bate na bina, is an acriflavine derivative, a disinfectant bacteriostatic against many gram-positive bacteria.

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Propidium iodide

Propidium iodide (or PI) is a fluorescent intercalating agent that can be used to stain cells.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) consisting of four fused benzene rings, resulting in a flat aromatic system.

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Quantum dot

Quantum dots (QD) are very small semiconductor particles, only several nanometres in size, so small that their optical and electronic properties differ from those of larger particles.

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Quantum efficiency

The term quantum efficiency (QE) may apply to incident photon to converted electron (IPCE) ratio, of a photosensitive device or it may refer to the TMR effect of a Magnetic Tunnel Junction.

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Quantum yield

The quantum yield (Φ) of a radiation-induced process is the number of times a specific event occurs per photon absorbed by the system.

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Quenching (fluorescence)

Quenching refers to any process which decreases the fluorescence intensity of a given substance.

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Rhodamine is a family of related chemical compounds, fluorone dyes.

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Roger Y. Tsien

Roger Yonchien Tsien (February 1, 1952 – August 24, 2016) was a Han Chinese/Taiwanese-American biochemist.

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Seminaphtharhodafluor or SNARF is a fluorescent dye that changes color with pH.

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Sigma-Aldrich Corporation is an American chemical, life science and biotechnology company owned by Merck KGaA.

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Small molecule

Within the fields of molecular biology and pharmacology, a small molecule is a low molecular weight (< 900 daltons) organic compound that may regulate a biological process, with a size on the order of 1 nm.

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Small molecule sensors

Small molecule sensors are an effective way to detect the presence of metal ions in solution.

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Solar panel

Photovoltaic solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity.

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Squaraine dye

Squaraine dyes are a class of organic dyes showing intense fluorescence, typically in the red and near infrared region (absorption maxima are found between 630 and 670 nm and their emission maxima are between 650–700 nm).

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Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.

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Steric effects

Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.

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SYTOX (also known as SYTOX Green) is a high-affinity nucleic acid stain developed by biotechnology company Molecular Probes.

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Tetrapyrroles are a class of chemical compounds that contain four pyrrole or pyrrole-like rings.

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Texas Red

Texas Red or sulforhodamine 101 acid chloride is a red fluorescent dye, used in histology for staining cell specimens, for sorting cells with fluorescent-activated cell sorting machines, in fluorescence microscopy applications, and in immunohistochemistry.

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Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Unified atomic mass unit

The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).

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Visible spectrum

The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.

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In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.

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Xanthene (9H-xanthene, 10H-9-oxaanthracene) is the organic compound with the formula is CH22O.

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YOYO-1 is a green fluorescent dye used in DNA staining.

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6-Carboxyfluorescein (6-FAM) is a fluorescent dye with an absorption wavelength of 495 nm and an emission wavelength of 517 nm.

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Redirects here:

Absorption peak, Emission peak, Fluorescent dye, Fluorescent dyes, Fluorescent probes, Fluorochrome, Fluorochromes, Fluorophor, Fluorophores, Fluorophors.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorophore

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