165 relations: Aerophone, Akkadian language, Alto flute, Anasazi flute, Avinash Balkrishna Patwardhan, Bamboo, Bansuri, Bass flute, Bernoulli's principle, Bible, Boatswain's call, Boehm system, Book of Genesis, Book of Isaiah, Book of Jeremiah, Books of Kings, Books of Samuel, Brill Publishers, C (musical note), Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Carnatic music, Cave bear, China, Classic of Poetry, Common Era, Concert band, Confucius, Contrabass flute, Culture of India, Cuneiform script, Dalbergia melanoxylon, Danso, Di mo, Diple, Divje Babe Flute, Dizi (instrument), Double contrabass flute, Dutch language, Edge-blown aerophones, Embouchure, End-blown flute, Femur, Fife (instrument), Fipple, Flageolet, Flue pipe, Flute method, Frula, Fue, Fujara, ..., Fundamental frequency, Geissenklösterle, Gemshorn, Geoffrey Chaucer, Germany, Gilgamesh, Gudi (instrument), Hand flute, Harmonic, Hindu, Hindustani classical music, Hiragana, Historically informed performance, Hohle Fels, Homo sapiens, Hornbostel–Sachs, Hotchiku, Hubei, Human, Hyperbass flute, India, Indian classical music, Irish flute, Italian Renaissance, Jazz flute, Jiahu, John Tyrrell (musicologist), Jubal (Bible), Kagurabue, Kaval, Kinnor, Kolkata, Komabue, Krishna, Lacquer, London, Lyre, Madagascar, Malagasy ariary, Mammoth, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Middle English, Middle High German, Minteki, MSNBC, Mumbai, Musical instrument, Musician, Nagercoil, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Native American flute, Nature (journal), Neanderthal, New Delhi, New Hampshire, Ney, Nohkan, Nose flute, Ocarina, Octave, Old French, Old Occitan, Orchestra, Palendag, Paleolithic flutes, Pan flute, Piccolo, Pipe (instrument), Pipe and tabor, Pipe organ, Pitch (music), Quena, Rakoto Frah, Range (music), Recorder (musical instrument), Reed (mouthpiece), Reedless wind instrument, Resonance, Resonator, Rough Guides, Ryūteki, Sarana Chatushtai, Shakuhachi, Shinobue, Slovenia, Sodina, Soprano flute, Sound, Sring, Stanley Sadie, Suizhou, Suling, Sumerian language, Swabian Jura, Swan, The House of Fame, The Marble Faun, Theobald Boehm, Tibia, Tin whistle, Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, Tonette, Transverse flute, Ulm, Venu, Venus of Hohle Fels, Vertical flute, Vulture, Washint, Western concert flute, Whistle, Woodwind instrument, Xiao (flute), Xun (instrument), Zhou dynasty. Expand index (115 more) » « Shrink index
An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.
Akkadian (akkadû, ak-ka-du-u2; logogram: URIKI)John Huehnergard & Christopher Woods, "Akkadian and Eblaite", The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages.
The alto flute is a type of Western concert flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family.
The Anasazi flute is the name of a prehistoric end-blown flute replicated today from findings at a massive cave in Prayer Rock Valley in Arizona, United States by an archaeological expedition led by Earl H. Morris in 1931.
Avinash Balkrishna Patwardhan born 30 August 1953 in Nagpur, Maharshatra (India) is a civil engineer from Govt College of Engineering, Amravati (GCoEA) in 1975 and a law graduate who has profound knowledge and interest in Indian classical music.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
A bansuri is a side blown flute found in many parts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, and a musical instrument that is common in the North Indian or Hindustani classical music.
The bass flute is the tenor member of the flute family.
In fluid dynamics, Bernoulli's principle states that an increase in the speed of a fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
A boatswain's call, pipe or bosun's whistle is a pipe or a non-diaphragm type whistle used on naval ships by a boatswain.
The Boehm system is a system of keywork for the flute, created by inventor and flautist Theobald Boehm between 1831 and 1847.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
The Book of Isaiah (ספר ישעיהו) is the first of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the first of the Major Prophets in the Christian Old Testament.
The Book of Jeremiah (ספר יִרְמְיָהוּ; abbreviated Jer. or Jerm. in citations) is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible, and the second of the Prophets in the Christian Old Testament.
The two Books of Kings, originally a single book, are the eleventh and twelfth books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament.
The Books of Samuel, 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
C (Do, Do, C) is the first note of the C major scale, the third note of the A minor scale (the relative minor of C major), and the fourth note (F, A, B, C) of the Guidonian hand, commonly pitched around 261.63 Hz.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
Carnatic music, Karnāṭaka saṃgīta or Karnāṭaka saṅgītam is a system of music commonly associated with southern India, including the modern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as Sri Lanka.
The cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a species of bear that lived in Europe and Asia during the Pleistocene and became extinct about 24,000 years ago during the Last Glacial Maximum.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Classic of Poetry, also Shijing or Shih-ching, translated variously as the Book of Songs, Book of Odes, or simply known as the Odes or Poetry is the oldest existing collection of Chinese poetry, comprising 305 works dating from the 11th to 7th centuries BC.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, along with the double bass or bass guitar.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
The contrabass flute is one of the rarer members of the flute family.
The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.
Cuneiform script, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians.
Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.
The danso (also spelled tanso) is a Korean notched, end-blown vertical bamboo flute used in Korean folk music.
The dimo is a special membrane applied to the transverse Chinese flute called dizi (or di), giving the instrument its characteristic buzzing timbre.
Diple, dvojnice, or dvojanke (pluralia tantum; pronounced, and) is a traditional woodwind musical instrument in Serbian, Croatian and Montenegrin music.
The Divje Babe Flute is a cave bear femur pierced by spaced holes that was found in 1995 at the Divje Babe archeological park located near Cerkno in northwestern Slovenia.
The dizi (pronounced), is a Chinese transverse flute.
The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called the octobass flute or subcontrabass flute) with over of tubing is the largest and lowest pitched metal flute in the world (the hyperbass flute has an even lower range, though it is made out of PVC pipes and wood).
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
Edge-blown aerophones is one of the categories of musical instruments found in the Hornbostel–Sachs system of musical instrument classification.
Embouchure or lipping is the use of the lips, facial muscles, tongue, and teeth in playing a wind instrument.
The end-blown flute (also called an edge-blown flute or rim-blown flute) is a keyless woodwind instrument played by directing an airstream against the sharp edge of the upper end of a tube.
The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
A fife is a small, high-pitched, transverse aerophone, that is similar to the piccolo.
A fipple is a constricted mouthpiece common to many end-blown flutes, such as the tin whistle and the recorder.
The flageolet is a woodwind instrument and a member of the fipple flute family.
A flue pipe (also referred to as a labial pipe) is an organ pipe that produces sound through the vibration of air molecules, in the same manner as a recorder or a whistle.
In music, a Flute method is a kind of specific textbook style manual for playing the flute.
The frula (фрула), also known as svirala (свирала) or jedinka, is a musical instrument which resembles a medium sized flute, traditionally played in Serbia.
is the Japanese word for flute, and refers to a class of flutes native to Japan.
The fujara originated in central Slovakia as a large sophisticated folk shepherd's overtone fipple flute of unique design.
The fundamental frequency, often referred to simply as the fundamental, is defined as the lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.
Geissenklösterle (Geißenklösterle) is an archaeological site of significance for the central European Upper Paleolithic, located near the town of Blaubeuren in the Swabian Jura in Baden-Württemberg, southern Germany.
The gemshorn is an instrument of the ocarina family that was historically made from the horn of a chamois, goat, or other suitable animal.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gilgamesh was a historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC.
The Jiahu gǔdí (贾湖骨笛) is the oldest known musical instrument from China, dating back to around 6000 BC.
The Hand flute or Handflute is a sort of musical instrument made by the hands.
A harmonic is any member of the harmonic series, a divergent infinite series.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hindustani classical music is the traditional music of northern areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the modern states of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script).
Historically informed performance (also referred to as period performance, authentic performance, or HIP) is an approach to the performance of classical music, which aims to be faithful to the approach, manner and style of the musical era in which a work was originally conceived.
The Hohle Fels (also Hohlefels, Hohler Fels, German for "hollow rock") is a cave in the Swabian Jura of Germany that has yielded a number of important archaeological finds dating to the Upper Paleolithic.
Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.
Hornbostel–Sachs or Sachs–Hornbostel is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914.
, sometimes romanized as hocchiku or hochiku, is a Japanese end-blown aerophone, crafted from root sections of bamboo.
Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
The hyperbass flute is the largest and lowest pitched instrument in the flute family, with tubing reaching over in length.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian classical music is a genre of South Asian music.
The term Irish Flute refers to a conical-bore, simple-system wooden flute of the type favoured by classical flautists of the early 19th century, or to a flute of modern manufacture derived from this design (often with modifications to optimize its use in Irish Traditional Music or Scottish Traditional Music).
The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century (Trecento) and lasted until the 17th century (Seicento), marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe.
Use of the flute in jazz was a considered a novelty in the early years of jazz music, with the first recordings appearing only in the late 1920s.
Jiahu was the site of a Neolithic settlement based in the central plain of ancient China, near the Yellow River.
John Tyrrell (born 1942) is a British musicologist.
Jubal (or Yuval or Yubal) is a man mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, in.
The is a six or seven-hole transverse flute used to support Japanese kagura performance.
The kaval is a chromatic end-blown flute traditionally played throughout Armenia, the Balkans and Turkey.
Kinnor (כִּנּוֹר) is an ancient Israelite musical instrument, the exact identification of which is unclear, but in the modern day is generally translated as "harp" or "lyre", and associated with a type of lyre depicted in Israelite imagery, particular the Bar Kochba coins.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
The ("Korean flute") is a transverse fue that is used in traditional Japanese court music.
Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.
The term lacquer is used for a number of hard and potentially shiny finishes applied to materials such as wood.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The lyre (λύρα, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
The ariary (sign: Ar; ISO 4217 code MGA) is the currency of Madagascar.
A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.
The minteki (kanji: 明笛; also called shinteki (kanji: 清笛)) is a Japanese transverse flute or fue.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
Nagercoil ("Temple of the Nāgas" Nagaraja Temple) is a town in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari.
Nathaniel Hawthorne (né Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer.
The Native American flute is a flute that is held in front of the player, has open finger holes, and has two chambers: one for collecting the breath of the player and a second chamber which creates sound.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Neanderthals (also; also Neanderthal Man, taxonomically Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo, who lived in Eurasia during at least 430,000 to 38,000 years ago.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The ney (نی / نای), is an end-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music.
The is a high pitched, Japanese bamboo transverse flute or.
The nose flute is a popular musical instrument played in Polynesia and the Pacific Rim countries.
The ocarina is an ancient wind musical instrument—a type of vessel flute.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
Old Occitan (Modern Occitan: occitan ancian, occità antic), also called Old Provençal, was the earliest form of the Occitano-Romance languages, as attested in writings dating from the eighth through the fourteenth centuries.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
The palendag, also called Pulalu (Manobo and Mansaka), Palandag (Bagobo), Pulala (Bukidnon) and Lumundeg (Banuwaen) is a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest one used by the Maguindanaon, a smaller type of this instrument is called the Hulakteb (Bukidnon).
A number of flutes dating to the European Upper Paleolithic have been discovered.
The pan flutes (also known as panpipes or syrinx) are a group of musical instruments based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of gradually increasing length (and occasionally girth).
The piccolo (Italian for "small", but named ottavino in Italy) is a half-size flute, and a member of the woodwind family of musical instruments.
A pipe is a tubular wind instrument in general, or various specific wind instruments.
Pipe and tabor is a pair of instruments played by a single player, consisting of a three-hole pipe played with one hand, and a small drum played with the other.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
The quena (hispanicized spelling of Quechua qina, sometimes also written kena in English) is the traditional flute of the Andes.
Philibert Rabezoza (1923 – 29 September 2001), better known by the name Rakoto Frah, was a flautist and composer of traditional music of the central highlands of Madagascar.
In music, the range, or chromatic range, of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.
The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.
A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.
Reedless wind instruments are wind instruments that do not have moving parts in their mouthpieces.
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.
A resonator is a device or system that exhibits resonance or resonant behavior, that is, it naturally oscillates at some frequencies, called its resonant frequencies, with greater amplitude than at others.
Rough Guides Ltd is a British travel guidebook and reference publisher, since November 2017 owned by APA Publications.
The is a Japanese transverse fue made of bamboo.
Sarana Chatushtai is an experiment to obtain the correct physical configuration of Śruti swara arrangement to Shadja Grama Notes on veena (Sa, Ri, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni corresponding to 4-3-2-4-4-3-2 totalling 22 Srutis in a Saptak).
The is a Japanese longitudinal, end-blown bamboo-flute.
The shinobue (kanji: 篠笛; also called takebue (kanji: 竹笛)) in the context of Japanese traditional arts) is a Japanese transverse flute or fue that has a high-pitched sound. It is found in hayashi and nagauta ensembles, and plays important roles in noh and kabuki theatre music. It is heard in Shinto music such as kagura-den and in traditional Japanese folk songs. There are two styles: uta (song) and hayashi (festival). The uta is properly tuned to the Western scale, and can be played in ensembles or as a solo instrument. The hayashi is not in the correct pitch, because it is simply a piece of hollow bamboo with holes cut into it. It emits a very high-pitched sound, and is appropriate for the festival/folk music of Japan. Both shinobue flutes play a very important role in the Japanese theater.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
A Sodina is a woodwind instrument commonly played in Malagasy music and a member of the aerophone family of instruments.
The soprano flute (also called a third flute or tierce flute) is a type of flute, a musical instrument in the woodwind family.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
The sring (Armenian: սրինգ, also transliterated as srink) is a shepherd's flute originating in Eastern Armenia (the Caucasus region).
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
Suizhou, formerly Sui County, is a prefecture-level city in northern Hubei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan province to the north and east.
A suling or Seruling is a Southeast Asian bamboo ring flute especially in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore.
Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer and a language isolate that was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).
The Swabian Jura (more rarely), sometimes also named Swabian Alps in English, is a mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, extending from southwest to northeast and in width.
Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.
The House of Fame (Hous of Fame in the original spelling) is a Middle English poem by Geoffrey Chaucer, probably written between 1379 and 1380, making it one of his earlier works.
The Marble Faun: Or, The Romance of Monte Beni, also known by the British title Transformation, was the last of the four major romances by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and was published in 1860.
Theobald Böhm, photograph by Franz Hanfstaengl, ca. 1852. Theobald Böhm (or Boehm) (April 9, 1794 – November 25, 1881) was a German inventor and musician, who perfected the modern Western concert flute and improved its fingering system (now known as the "Boehm system").
The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.
The tin whistle, also called the penny whistle, English flageolet, Scottish penny whistle, tin flageolet, Irish whistle, Belfast Hornpipe, feadóg stáin (or simply feadóg) and Clarke London FlageoletThe Clarke Tin Whistle By Bill Ochs is a simple, six-holed woodwind instrument.
The Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng is an important archaeological site in Leigudun Community (擂鼓墩社区), Nanjiao Subdistrict (南郊街道), Zengdu District, Suizhou (then Sui County), Hubei, China, dated sometime after 433 BC.
The Tonette is a small, end-blown flute made of plastic, which was once popular in American elementary music education.
A transverse flute or side-blown flute is a flute which is held horizontally when is played.
Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube.
The venu (Sanskrit: वेणु) is one of the ancient transverse flutes of Indian classical music.
The Venus of Hohle Fels (also known as the Venus of Schelklingen; in German variously Venus vom Hohlen Fels, vom Hohle Fels; Venus von Schelklingen) is an Upper Paleolithic Venus figurine made of mammoth ivory that was located near Schelklingen, Germany.
The vertical flute is either (1) a rim-blown (notched or un-notched) flute, (2) a tubular duct flute, with tapered bore or (3) a transversely blown flute, Giorgi flute, designed to be played in an upright position.
A vulture is a scavenging bird of prey.
The washint is an end-blown wooden flute originally used in Ethiopia.
The Western concert flute is a transverse (side-blown) woodwind instrument made of metal or wood.
A whistle is an instrument which produces sound from a stream of gas, most commonly air.
Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments.
The xiao (pronounced) is a Chinese vertical end-blown flute.
The xun (Cantonese.
The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.