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Index Fly-by-wire

Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface. [1]

93 relations: Actuator, Aerodynamics, Aeronautics, Air France Flight 296, Airbus A320 family, Airbus A340, Airbus A350 XWB, Airbus A380, Aircraft flight control system, Aircraft pilot, Airliner, Altimeter, Analog computer, Analogue electronics, Armstrong Flight Research Center, Autopilot, Autothrottle, Aviation Week, Aviation Week & Space Technology, Avro 707, Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow, Boeing 777, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Built-in test equipment, Bus (computing), Business jet, Centre stick, Cessna, Computer, Concorde, Dassault Falcon 7X, Differential equation, Digital electronics, DO-178B, Drive by wire, Electronics, Embraer E-Jet E2 family, Embraer E-Jet family, Embraer Legacy 500, Experimental aircraft, FADEC, Fairey Aviation Company, Federal Aviation Administration, Flight control modes, Flight control surfaces, Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), Flight envelope, Flight envelope protection, Flying wing, Fuselage, ..., G-force, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, Glider (aircraft), Groundcrew, Gyroscope, Hawker Hunter, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Intelligent flight control system, Jet engine, Kawasaki P-1, Linear variable differential transformer, Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, MIL-STD-1553, Military aircraft, NASA, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Operating system, Optical fiber, Panavia Tornado, Physical law, Physical layer, Pilot-induced oscillation, Pitot tube, Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, Redundancy (engineering), Relaxed stability, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Safety-critical system, Sensor, Side-stick, Space Shuttle Enterprise, Space Shuttle orbiter, Spacecraft, Stabilator, Stall (fluid mechanics), Sukhoi T-4, Tailplane, Trainer aircraft, Tupolev ANT-20, Vought F-8 Crusader, Yoke (aeronautics). Expand index (43 more) »


An actuator is a component of a machine that is responsible for moving and controlling a mechanism or system, for example by opening a valve.

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Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.

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Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.

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Air France Flight 296

Air France Flight 296 was a chartered flight of a new Airbus A320-111 operated by Air France.

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Airbus A320 family

The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.

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Airbus A340

The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.

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Airbus A350 XWB

The Airbus A350 XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus.

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Airbus A380

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.

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Aircraft flight control system

A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.

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Aircraft pilot

An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.

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An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.

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An altimeter or an altitude meter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level.

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Analog computer

An analog computer or analogue computer is a form of computer that uses the continuously changeable aspects of physical phenomena such as electrical, mechanical, or hydraulic quantities to model the problem being solved.

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Analogue electronics

Analogue electronics (also spelled analog electronics) are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, in contrast to digital electronics where signals usually take only two levels.

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Armstrong Flight Research Center

The NASA, Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) is an aeronautical research center operated by NASA.

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An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.

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An autothrottle (automatic throttle) allows a pilot to control the power setting of an aircraft's engines by specifying a desired flight characteristic, rather than manually controlling the fuel flow.

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Aviation Week

The Aviation Week Network is a New-York based B2B publishing and event production company.

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Aviation Week & Space Technology

Aviation Week & Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AW&ST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week Network.

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Avro 707

The Avro 707 (also known as Type 707) is a British experimental aircraft built to test the tailless thick delta wing configuration chosen for the Avro 698 jet bomber, later named the Vulcan.

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Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow

The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow, often known simply as the Avro Arrow, was a delta-winged interceptor aircraft designed and built by Avro Canada.

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Boeing 777

The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

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Boeing 787 Dreamliner

The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

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Built-in test equipment

Built-in test equipment (BITE) primarily refers to passive fault management and diagnosis equipment built into airborne systems to support maintenance processes.

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Bus (computing)

In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.

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Business jet

A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.

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Centre stick

A centre stick (or center stick in the United States), or simply control stick is an aircraft cockpit arrangement where the control column (or joystick) is located in the center of the cockpit between the pilot's legs.

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The Cessna Aircraft Company was an American general aviation aircraft manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas.

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A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

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The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.

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Dassault Falcon 7X

The Dassault Falcon 7X is a large-cabin, 5,950 nmi range business jet manufactured by Dassault Aviation, the largest of its Dassault Falcon line.

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Differential equation

A differential equation is a mathematical equation that relates some function with its derivatives.

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Digital electronics

Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that operate on digital signals.

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DO-178B, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification is a guideline dealing with the safety of safety-critical software used in certain airborne systems.

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Drive by wire

Drive by wire, DbW, by-wire, Steer-by-wire, or x-by-wire technology in the automotive industry is the use of electrical or electro-mechanical systems for performing vehicle functions traditionally achieved by mechanical linkages.

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Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.

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Embraer E-Jet E2 family

The Embraer E-Jet E2 family are medium-range jet airliners developed by Embraer, succeeding the original E-Jet.

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Embraer E-Jet family

The Embraer E-Jet family is a series of narrow-body medium-range twin-engine jet airliners, carrying 66 to 124 passengers commercially, manufactured by Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer.

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Embraer Legacy 500

The Embraer Legacy 500/450 (EMB-550/EMB-545) are Brazilianmid-size business jets launched by Embraer in April 2008, the first of their size with a flat-floor stand-up cabin and fly-by-wire.

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Experimental aircraft

An experimental aircraft is an aircraft that has not yet been fully proven in flight.

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A full authority digital engine (or electronics) control (FADEC) is a system consisting of a digital computer, called an "electronic engine controller" (EEC) or "engine control unit" (ECU), and its related accessories that control all aspects of aircraft engine performance.

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Fairey Aviation Company

The Fairey Aviation Company Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer of the first half of the 20th century based in Hayes in Middlesex and Heaton Chapel and RAF Ringway in Lancashire.

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Federal Aviation Administration

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

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Flight control modes

Aircraft with fly-by-wire flight controls require computer-controlled flight control modes that are capable of determining the operational mode (computational law) of the aircraft.

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Flight control surfaces

Aircraft flight control surfaces are aerodynamic devices allowing a pilot to adjust and control the aircraft's flight attitude.

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Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft)

Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.

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Flight envelope

In aerodynamics, the flight envelope, service envelope, or performance envelope of an aircraft or interplanetary spacecraft refers to the capabilities of a design in terms of airspeed and load factor or atmospheric density, often simplified to altitude for Earth-borne aircraft.

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Flight envelope protection

Flight envelope protection is a human machine interface extension of an aircraft’s control system that prevents the pilot of an aircraft from making control commands that would force the aircraft to exceed its structural and aerodynamic operating limits.

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Flying wing

A flying wing is a tailless fixed-wing aircraft that has no definite fuselage.

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The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.

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The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.

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General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Glider (aircraft)

A glider is a heavier-than-air aircraft that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its lifting surfaces, and whose free flight does not depend on an engine.

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In aviation, groundcrew or ground staff are the support personnel that service aircraft on the ground – as opposed to aircrew, who operate an aircraft while in flight.

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A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.

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Hawker Hunter

The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s.

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Institution of Mechanical Engineers

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) is an independent professional association, and learned society headquartered in central London, that represents mechanical engineers and the engineering profession.

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Intelligent flight control system

The Intelligent Flight Control System (IFCS) is a next-generation flight control system designed to provide increased safety for the crew and passengers of aircraft as well as to optimize the aircraft performance under normal conditions.

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Jet engine

A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.

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Kawasaki P-1

The Kawasaki P-1 (previously P-X, XP-1) is a Japanese maritime patrol aircraft developed and manufactured by Kawasaki Aerospace Company.

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Linear variable differential transformer

The linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) (also called linear variable displacement transformer, linear variable displacement transducer, or simply differential transformer) is a type of electrical transformer used for measuring linear displacement (position).

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Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk

The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk is an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth attack aircraft that was developed by Lockheed's secretive Skunk Works division and operated by the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.

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Lunar Landing Research Vehicle

The Bell Aerosystems Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) was a Project Apollo era program to build a simulator for the Moon landings.

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MIL-STD-1553 is a military standard published by the United States Department of Defense that defines the mechanical, electrical, and functional characteristics of a serial data bus.

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Military aircraft

A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit

The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.

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Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

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Optical fiber

An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.

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Panavia Tornado

The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine, variable-sweep wing multirole combat aircraft, which was jointly developed and manufactured by Italy, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.

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Physical law

A physical law or scientific law is a theoretical statement "inferred from particular facts, applicable to a defined group or class of phenomena, and expressible by the statement that a particular phenomenon always occurs if certain conditions be present." Physical laws are typically conclusions based on repeated scientific experiments and observations over many years and which have become accepted universally within the scientific community.

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Physical layer

In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the physical layer or layer 1 is the first and lowest layer.

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Pilot-induced oscillation

Pilot-induced oscillations, as defined by MIL-HDBK-1797A, are sustained or uncontrollable oscillations resulting from efforts of the pilot to control the aircraft and occurs when the pilot of an aircraft inadvertently commands an often increasing series of corrections in opposite directions, each an attempt to cover the aircraft's reaction to the previous input with an overcorrection in the opposite direction.

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Pitot tube

A Pitot tube, also known as Pitot probe, is a flow measurement device used to measure fluid flow velocity.

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Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics

RTCA, Inc., formerly known as (Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics), is a United States volunteer organization that develops technical guidance for use by government regulatory authorities and by industry.

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Redundancy (engineering)

In engineering, redundancy is the duplication of critical components or functions of a system with the intention of increasing reliability of the system, usually in the form of a backup or fail-safe, or to improve actual system performance, such as in the case of GNSS receivers, or multi-threaded computer processing.

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Relaxed stability

In aviation, relaxed stability is the tendency of an aircraft to change its attitude and angle of bank spontaneously.

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Royal Aircraft Establishment

The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.

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Safety-critical system

A safety-critical system or life-critical system is a system whose failure or malfunction may result in one (or more) of the following outcomes.

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In the broadest definition, a sensor is a device, module, or subsystem whose purpose is to detect events or changes in its environment and send the information to other electronics, frequently a computer processor.

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A side-stick or sidestick controller is an aircraft control column (or joystick) that is located on the side console of the pilot, usually on the righthand side, or outboard on a two-seat flightdeck.

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Space Shuttle Enterprise

Space Shuttle Enterprise (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-101) was the first orbiter of the Space Shuttle system.

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Space Shuttle orbiter

The Space Shuttle orbiter was the spaceplane component of the Space Shuttle, a partially reusable orbital spacecraft system that was part of the Space Shuttle program.

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A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.

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A stabilator, more frequently all-moving tail or all-flying tail, is a fully movable aircraft stabilizer.

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Stall (fluid mechanics)

In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.

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Sukhoi T-4

The Sukhoi T-4, or "Aircraft 100", or "Project 100", or "Sotka" was a Soviet high-speed reconnaissance, anti-ship and strategic bomber aircraft that did not proceed beyond the prototype stage.

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A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.

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Trainer aircraft

A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.

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Tupolev ANT-20

The Tupolev ANT-20 Maksim Gorki (Туполев АНТ-20 "Максим Горький") was a Soviet eight-engine aircraft, the largest of the 1930s.

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Vought F-8 Crusader

The Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U) is a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft built by Vought for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, replacing the Vought F7U Cutlass, and for the French Navy.

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Yoke (aeronautics)

A yoke, alternatively known as a control wheel is a device used for piloting some fixed-wing aircraft.

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Flight Augmentation Computer, Fly by optics, Fly by wire, Fly-By-Light, Fly-By-Wire, Fly-by wire, Fly-by-Light, Fly-by-Wire, Fly-by-light, Fly-by-optics, Fly-by-wire control systems, Fly-by-wireless.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly-by-wire

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