112 relations: Adolf Galland, AGO Flugzeugwerke, Airfoil, Allies of World War II, Arado Ar 80, Arado Flugzeugwerke, Armin Faber, Attack aircraft, Axis powers, Bloch MB.150, Blue Squadron, BMW, BMW 801, Cabin pressurization, Center of mass, Constant-speed propeller, Curtiss P-36 Hawk, Czechoslovak Air Force, Daimler-Benz DB 601, Daimler-Benz DB 603, Day fighter, Dornier Flugzeugwerke, Drag (physics), Eastern Front (World War II), Empennage, Engine control unit, Erich Rudorffer, Fieseler, Fighter aircraft, Fighter-bomber, Flying ace, Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum, Focke-Wulf, Focke-Wulf Fw 159, Focke-Wulf Fw 187, Focke-Wulf Ta 152, French Air Force, French Navy, Grumman F6F Hellcat, Hawker Typhoon, Heinkel He 100, Heinkel He 112, Horsepower, Hungarian Air Force, Ignition magneto, Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Jagdgeschwader 5, Jagdwaffe, Junkers D.I, Junkers Jumo 213, ..., Kawanishi N1K, Kawasaki Ki-60, Kayseri, Kurt Tank, Lavochkin La-5, List of aircraft of World War II, Luftwaffe, Malbork, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Bf 110, MG 131 machine gun, MG 151 cannon, MG 17 machine gun, MG FF cannon, Michael I of Romania, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Mitsubishi J2M, MK 103 cannon, MK 108 cannon, NACA cowling, Nakajima Ki-44, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Neptun (radar), Night fighter, No. 1426 Flight RAF, Oleo strut, Oschersleben, Otto Kittel, Polikarpov I-185, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Power-egg, Radial engine, Rüstsatz, Reconnaissance, Rheinmetall, Robot II, Royal Air Force, Royal Romanian Air Force, Saint Petersburg, Shrike, Shvetsov ASh-82, Siegfried and Walter Günter, Spanish Air Force, Spinner (aeronautics), Stall (fluid mechanics), Streamliner, Synchronization gear, Turbocharger, Turkish Air Force, United States Army Air Forces, United States Navy, Vacuum forming, Walter Nowotny, Werfer-Granate 21, Wing loading, World War II, Yagi–Uda antenna, Yakovlev Yak-3, Yugoslav Air Force, 8th Air Corps (Germany). Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland (19 March 1912 – 9 February 1996) was a German Luftwaffe general and flying ace who served throughout the Second World War in Europe.
AGO Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company from 1911 until 1945.
An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Arado Ar 80 was a pre-World War II fighter aircraft, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke to compete for the Luftwaffes first major fighter contract.
Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm, that produced land-based military aircraft and seaplanes during the First World War.
Oberleutnant Armin Faber was a Luftwaffe pilot in World War II who mistook the Bristol Channel for the English Channel and landed his Focke-Wulf 190 (Fw 190) intact at RAF Pembrey in south Wales.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Bloch MB.150 (later MB.151 to MB.157) was a French low-wing monoplane fighter aircraft developed and produced by Société des Avions Marcel Bloch.
The Blue Squadron (Spanish: Escuadrilla Azul, German: 15. Spanische Staffel) was a generic name given to the group of volunteer pilots and ground crews recruited from the Spanish Air Force that fought in the side of Germany on the Eastern Front, during the Second World War.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW 801 was a powerful German air-cooled 14-cylinder-radial aircraft engine built by BMW and used in a number of German Luftwaffe aircraft of World War II.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
A constant-speed propeller is a variable-pitch aircraft propeller that automatically changes its blade pitch in order to maintain a chosen rotational speed.
The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s.
The Czechoslovak Air Force (Československé letectvo) or the Czechoslovak Army Air Force (Československé vojenské letectvo) was the air force branch of the Czechoslovak Army formed in October 1918.
The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II.
The Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine was a German aircraft engine used during World War II.
A day fighter is a fighter aircraft equipped only to fight during the day.
Dornier Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in Friedrichshafen in 1914 by Claude Dornier.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The empennage, also known as the tail or tail assembly, is a structure at the rear of an aircraft that provides stability during flight, in a way similar to the feathers on an arrow.
An engine control unit (ECU), also commonly called an engine control module (ECM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure optimal engine performance.
Erich Rudorffer (1 November 1917 – 8 April 2016) was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace who was one of a handful who served with the Luftwaffe through the whole of World War II.
The Gerhard Fieseler Werke (GFW) in Kassel was a German aircraft manufacturer of the 1930s and 1940s.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum is Paul G. Allen's collection of rare military aircraft, tanks and other military treasures which comprises artifacts from Germany, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG was a German manufacturer of civil and military aircraft before and during World War II.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 159 was an experimental German fighter of the 1930s, designed by Kurt Tank which never reached production, as it was considered inferior to the He 112 and Bf 109.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 187 Falke ("falcon") was a German aircraft developed in the late 1930s.
The Focke-Wulf Ta 152 was a World War II German high-altitude fighter-interceptor designed by Kurt Tank and produced by Focke-Wulf.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
The Grumman F6F Hellcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft of World War II.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
The Heinkel He 100 was a German pre-World War II fighter aircraft design from Heinkel.
The Heinkel He 112 is a German fighter aircraft designed by Walter and Siegfried Günter.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
The Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Légierő) is the air force branch of the Hungarian Defence Forces.
An ignition magneto, or high tension magneto, is a magneto that provides current for the ignition system of a spark-ignition engine, such as a petrol engine.
The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
Jagdgeschwader 5 (JG 5) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II.
Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force), was the German Luftwaffes fighter force during World War II.
The Junkers D.I (factory designation J 9) was a monoplane fighter aircraft produced in Germany late in World War I, significant for becoming the first all-metal fighter to enter service.
The Junkers Jumo 213 was a World War II-era V-12 liquid-cooled aircraft engine, a development of Junkers Motoren's earlier design, the Jumo 211.
The Kawanishi N1K Kyōfū (強風 "strong wind", Allied reporting name "Rex") is an Imperial Japanese Navy floatplane fighter.
The Kawasaki Ki-60 is an experimental Japanese World War II fighter aircraft that used a license-built (Kawasaki) DB 601 liquid-cooled engine.
Kayseri is a large and industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey.
Kurt Waldemar Tank (24 February 1898 – 5 June 1983) was a German aeronautical engineer and test pilot who led the design department at Focke-Wulf from 1931 to 1945.
The Lavochkin La-5 (Лавочкин Ла-5) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II.
The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Malbork (Marienburg; Civitas Beatae Virginis) is a town in northern Poland in the Żuławy region (Vistula delta), with 38,478 inhabitants (2006).
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
--> The Messerschmitt Bf 110, often known non-officially as the Me 110, was a twin-engine heavy fighter (Zerstörer—German for "Destroyer") and fighter-bomber (Jagdbomber or Jabo) developed in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The MG 131 (shortened from German: Maschinengewehr 131, or "Machine gun 131") was a German 13 mm caliber machine gun developed in 1938 by Rheinmetall-Borsig and produced from 1940 to 1945.
The MG 151 (MG 151/15) was a 15 mm aircraft-mounted autocannon produced by Waffenfabrik Mauser during World War II.
The MG 17 was a 7.92 mm machine gun produced by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use at fixed mountings in many World War II Luftwaffe aircraft, typically as forward-firing offensive armament.
The MG FF was a drum-fed, blowback-operated, 20 mm aircraft autocannon, developed in 1936 by Ikaria Werke Berlin of Germany.
Michael I (Mihai I; 25 October 1921 – 5 December 2017) was the last King of Romania, reigning from 20 July 1927 to 8 June 1930 and again from 6 September 1940 until his abdication on 30 December 1947.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 (Микоян-Гуревич МиГ-1) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II that was designed to meet a requirement for a high-altitude fighter issued in 1939.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
The Mitsubishi J2M Raiden (雷電, "Thunderbolt") is a single-engined land-based fighter aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service in World War II.
The Rheinmetall-Borsig MK 103 ("MK" - Maschinenkanone) was a German 30 mm caliber autocannon that was mounted in German combat aircraft during World War II. Intended to be a dual purpose weapon for anti-tank and air-to-air fighting, it was developed from the MK 101. Compared to the MK 101 it was faster-firing, and was originally intended to develop a higher muzzle velocity than the MK 101. Unlike the MK 101, the MK 103 used a belt feed, allowing it to potentially carry a larger ammunition load. The MK 103 used electrically primed rather than percussion primed ammunition. The operating mechanism differed from the recoil-operated MK 101 in that it used a combination of gas and recoil operation. After firing, gas pressure served to unlock the breech, while barrel recoil was used to cycle the action (eject spent cartridge and load a fresh one). Because of a combination of lower grade steels and lighter components, the mechanism of the MK 103 was not as strong as the MK 101. To counteract this weakness, HE ammunition with a reduced load of propellant was used, resulting in a loss of about 100 m/s in muzzle velocity compared to the MK 101, however, the rate of fire was increased. The MK 103 entered service in 1943 as the main armament of the Hs 129 B-1 ground-attack/tank-destroyer aircraft, mounted on the underside of the fuselage in a conformal gun pod. The original specification for the MK 103 called for it to fit inside an aircraft's engine mounting (possibly as a Motorkanone, firing through a hollow propeller hub), however, it proved to be too large and heavy to fit into small fighters like the Bf 109. If mounted elsewhere, such as in the wing, the asymmetric force of the cannon's recoil tended to yaw the aircraft's nose to one side. The only known usage of the MK 103 in a Motorkanone installation was in the Do 335. A modified version with a reduced-profile barrel - the MK 103M - was developed and possibly tested for possible use as a Motorkanone cannon on single-engine fighter planes such as the Bf-109K, but probably never saw active service. As a consequence, the MK 103 was largely restricted to the role of an air-to-ground weapon for use against armoured vehicles. Projectile weights for the MK 103 were) for the HE/M ammunition and) for APCR ammunition. Armour penetration for APCR / 60° / or / 90° /. A limited-production series of the Fw 190A fighter and Fw 190F ground attack fighter (which utilized a particularly strong wing/fuselage design) incorporated two MK 103 cannons, one mounted under each wing in a conformal, gondola-style pod. Later in the war the MK 103 was also used as a ground-based anti-aircraft (AA) weapon, using single or dual mounts. It was also used as a flak autocannon in the Flakpanzer IV "Kugelblitz". Developed alongside the MK 103 was the lighter MK 108 cannon, which had a shorter barrel and used a modified blow-back operating system. It fired the same projectile, using a smaller cartridge case with less propellant, at a relatively low muzzle velocity. The shorter barrel made it more adaptable, so it saw much greater use.
The MK 108 (German: Maschinenkanone—"machine cannon") was a 30 mm caliber autocannon manufactured in Germany during World War II by Rheinmetall‑Borsig for use in aircraft.
The NACA cowling is a type of aerodynamic fairing used to streamline radial engines for use on airplanes and developed by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in 1927.
The Nakajima Ki-44 Shōki (鍾馗, Zhong Kui) was a single-engine fighter aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II.
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.
Naval Air Station Patuxent River, also known as NAS Pax River, is a United States naval air station located in St. Mary's County, Maryland, on the Chesapeake Bay near the mouth of the Patuxent River.
Neptun ('Neptune') was the code name of a series of low-to-mid-VHF band airborne intercept radar devices developed by Germany in World War II and used as active targeting devices in several types of aircraft.
A night fighter (also known as all-weather fighter or all-weather interceptor for a period of time post-World War II) is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night or in other times of bad visibility.
An oleo strut is a pneumatic air–oil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones.
Oschersleben is a town in the Börde district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Otto Kittel (21 February 1917 – 14 or 16 February 1945) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
The Polikarpov I-185 was a Soviet fighter aircraft designed in 1940.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
The power-egg, a literal translation into English of the German term Kraftei, was a design feature in German Second World War era aircraft, particularly for twin or multi-engined airframe designs.
The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.
Rüstsätze (Luftwaffe) were field modification kits produced for the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
The Robot II was a mechanical 135 film camera by Robot introduced in 1938.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Air Arm of the Royal Romanian forces in World War II was officially named the Aeronautica Regala Romana (ARR), or the Romanian Royal Aeronautics, though it is more commonly referred to in English histories as the Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force, FARR), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force).
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Shrikes are carnivorous passerine birds of the family Laniidae.
The Shvetsov ASh-82 (M-82) is a Soviet 14-cylinder, two-row, air-cooled radial aircraft engine developed from the Shvetsov M-62.
The Spanish Air Force (SPAF) (Ejército del Aire; literally, "Army of the Air") is the aerial branch of the Spanish Armed Forces.
A spinner is an aircraft component, a streamlined fairing fitted over a propeller hub or at the centre of a turbofan engine.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
A streamliner is a vehicle incorporating streamlining in a shape providing reduced air resistance.
A synchronization gear, or a gun synchronizer, sometimes rather less accurately called an interrupter, is attached to the armament of a single-engine tractor-configuration aircraft so it can fire through the arc of its spinning propeller without bullets striking the blades.
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Vacuum forming is a simplified version of thermoforming, where a sheet of plastic is heated to a forming temperature, stretched onto a single-surface mold, and forced against the mold by a vacuum.
Walter Nowotny (7 December 1920 – 8 November 1944) was an Austrian-born fighter ace of the Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Werfer-Granate 21 rocket launcher, also known as the BR 21 (the "BR" standing for Bordrakete) in official Luftwaffe manuals, was a weapon used by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and was the first on-board rocket placed into service by the Luftwaffe, first introduced in mid 1943.
In aerodynamics, wing loading is the total weight of an aircraft divided by the area of its wing.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A Yagi–Uda antenna, commonly known as a Yagi antenna, is a directional antenna consisting of multiple parallel elements in a line, usually half-wave dipoles made of metal rods.
The Yakovlev Yak-3 (Russian: Я́ковлев Як-3) was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.
The Air Force and Air Defence (Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana / Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана; abbr. RV i PVO / РВ и ПВО), was one of three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army, the Yugoslav military.
8th Air Corps (VIII. Fliegerkorps) was formed 19 July 1939 in Oppeln as Fliegerführer z.b.V. ("for special purposes").
FW 190, FW-190, FW-190A, FW-190a, Focke Wulf 190, Focke Wulf FW-190, Focke Wulf Fw 190, Focke Wulf Fw 190A-8/U-1, Focke Wulf Fw 190F, Focke Wulf Fw-190, Focke-Wolfe Fw 190, Focke-Wulf 190, Focke-Wulf FW 190, Focke-Wulf Fw 190 V13, Focke-Wulf Fw 190 V18/U1, Focke-Wulf Fw 190 V2, Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Wurger, Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger, Focke-Wulf Fw 190A, Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3, Focke-Wulf Fw 190C V30, Focke-Wulf Fw 190C V33, Focke-Wulf Fw 190D, Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9, Focke-Wulf Fw 190F, Focke-Wulf Fw 190G, Focke-Wulf Fw-190, Focke-Wulf Fw-190F-8/R1, Fw 190, Fw 190A-6, Fw 190D, Fw 190a, Fw-190, Fw190, Fw190 F-8, SNCAC NC.900.