133 relations: Acarapis woodi, Acaricide, Acetic acid, Acetone, Alchemy, Aldehyde, Alkene, Allergy, Allyl alcohol, Ammonia, Ammonium sulfate, Assay, Azeotrope, Bacteria, Base (chemistry), BASF, BBC News, Beekeeper, Benzene, Butyric acid, Capillary electrophoresis, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carboxylic acid, Cattle, Chemical compound, Chemical equation, Chemical formula, Chemical synthesis, Chloroform, Concentration, Dangerous Substances Directive (67/548/EEC), Debye, Detergent, Dimer (chemistry), Distillation, Eastman Chemical Company, Escherichia coli, Eschweiler–Clarke reaction, Ester, Ethanol, Ether, Ethyl acetate, Ethylamine, Feicheng, Feicheng Acid Chemicals, Flash point, Formaldehyde, Formamide, Formate, ..., Formate dehydrogenase, Formic anhydride, Formica, Formylation, Fuel cell, Glycerol, High-performance liquid chromatography, Hydride, Hydrocarbon, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrofluoric acid, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogen storage, Hydrogen sulfide, Hydrogenation, Hydrolysis, Ideal gas law, Ion, Isocyanide, John Ray, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Journal of the Chemical Society, Keggin structure, Koch reaction, Lactic acid, Latin, Lead sulfide, Leuckart reaction, Limescale, Liquid–liquid extraction, List of R-phrases, Livestock, Ludwigshafen, Marcellin Berthelot, Mass fraction (chemistry), Median lethal dose, Methanol, Methyl formate, Miscibility, Mutagen, N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, Nakhon Pathom, Natural history, Natural rubber, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Optic nerve, Organic chemistry, Organic synthesis, Orthoformic acid, Oulu, Oxalic acid, OxFA process, Parts-per notation, Permissible exposure limit, Poise (unit), Polymorphism (materials science), Poultry, Preservative, Properties of water, Propionic acid, Redox, Royal Society of Chemistry, Salt (chemistry), Serine, Silage, Sodium methoxide, Solvent, Stingless bee, Sulfuric acid, Tanning (leather), Toluene, Toxicity, Transfer hydrogenation, Trichome, Triethylamine, Urtica dioica, Varroa destructor, Varroa jacobsoni, Wart, Xylene, 5,10-Methenyltetrahydrofolate. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
Acarapis woodi (honey bee tracheal mite) is an internal parasite of honey bees, originally described from the Isle of Wight.
Acaricides are pesticides that kill members of the arachnid subclass Acari, which includes ticks and mites.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Allyl alcohol (IUPAC name: prop-2-en-1-ol) is an organic compound with the structural formula CH2.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses.
An assay is an investigative (analytic) procedure in laboratory medicine, pharmacology, environmental biology and molecular biology for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence, amount, or functional activity of a target entity (the analyte).
An azeotrope (gK, US) or a constant boiling point mixture is a mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be altered or changed by simple distillation.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
A beekeeper is a person who keeps honey bees.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Butyric acid (from βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is a family of electrokinetic separation methods performed in submillimeter diameter capillaries and in micro- and nanofluidic channels.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in the form of symbols and formulae, wherein the reactant entities are given on the left-hand side and the product entities on the right-hand side.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.
The Dangerous Substances Directive (as amended) was one of the main European Union laws concerning chemical safety, until its full replacement by the new regulation CLP regulation (2008), starting in 2016.
The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
Eastman Chemical Company, an American Fortune 500 company, is a global specialty chemical company that produces a broad range of advanced materials, chemicals and fibers for everyday purposes.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
The Eschweiler–Clarke reaction (also called the Eschweiler–Clarke methylation) is a chemical reaction whereby a primary (or secondary) amine is methylated using excess formic acid and formaldehyde.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethyl acetate (systematically ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula, simplified to.
Ethylamine is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH2NH2.
Feicheng is a county-level city under the administration of Tai'an City in the west of Shandong province, China.
Feicheng Acid Chemicals is a chemical company based in Feicheng, Shandong, China.
The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which vapours of the material will ignite, when given an ignition source.
Formamide, also known as methanamide, is an amide derived from formic acid.
Formate (IUPAC name: methanoate) is the anion derived from formic acid.
Formate dehydrogenases are a set of enzymes that catalyse the oxidation of formate to carbon dioxide, donating the electrons to a second substrate, such as NAD+ in formate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (EC 126.96.36.199) or to a cytochrome in formate:ferricytochrome-b1 oxidoreductase (EC 188.8.131.52).
Formic anhydride, also called methanoic anhydride, is an organic compound with the chemical formula and a structural formula of (H(C.
Formica is a genus of ants of the family Formicidae, commonly known as wood ants, mound ants, thatching ants, and field ants.
In biochemistry, the addition of a formyl functional group is termed formylation.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture.
In chemistry, a hydride is the anion of hydrogen, H−, or, more commonly, it is a compound in which one or more hydrogen centres have nucleophilic, reducing, or basic properties.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride (HF) in water.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.
Methods of hydrogen storage for subsequent use span many approaches including high pressures, cryogenics, and chemical compounds that reversibly release H2 upon heating.
Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
The ideal gas law, also called the general gas equation, is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
An isocyanide (also called isonitrile or carbylamine) is an organic compound with the functional group -N≡C.
John Ray FRS (29 November 1627 – 17 January 1705) was an English naturalist widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (also Louis Joseph Gay-Lussac; 6 December 1778 – 9 May 1850) was a French chemist and physicist.
The Journal of the Chemical Society was a scientific journal established by the Chemical Society in 1849 as the Quarterly Journal of the Chemical Society.
Keggin structure is the best known structural form for heteropoly acids.
The Koch reaction is an organic reaction for the synthesis of tertiary carboxylic acids from alcohols or alkenes.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lead sulfide refers to two compounds containing lead and sulfur.
The Leuckart reaction is the chemical reaction that converts aldehydes or ketones to amines by reductive amination in the presence of heat.
Limescale is the hard, off-white, chalky deposit found in kettles, hot-water boilers and the inside of inadequately maintained hot-water central heating systems.
Liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds or metal complexes, based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water (polar) and an organic solvent (non-polar).
R-phrases (short for risk phrases) are defined in Annex III of European Union Directive 67/548/EEC: Nature of special risks attributed to dangerous substances and preparations.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Rhine opposite Mannheim.
Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot FRS FRSE (25 October 1827 – 18 March 1907) was a French chemist and politician noted for the ThomsenendashBerthelot principle of thermochemistry.
In chemistry, the mass fraction w_i is the ratio of one substance with mass m_i to the mass of the total mixture m_\text, defined as The symbol Y_i is also used to denote mass fraction.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Methyl formate, also called methyl methanoate, is the methyl ester of formic acid.
Miscibility is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide is an organic compound with the chemical formula C13H22N2 whose primary use is to couple amino acids during artificial peptide synthesis.
Nakhon Pathom (นครปฐม) is a city (thesaban nakhon) in central Thailand, the former capital of Nakhon Pathom Province.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
The optic nerve, also known as cranial nerve II, is a paired nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to the brain.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Not to be confused with methanethiol. Orthoformic acid or methanetriol is a hypothetical compound with the formula HC(OH)3.
Oulu (Uleåborg) is a city and municipality of inhabitants in the region of Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland.
Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4.
The OxFA process is a process to produce formic acid from biomass by catalytic oxidation using molecular oxygen or air.
In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
The permissible exposure limit (PEL or OSHA PEL) is a legal limit in the United States for exposure of an employee to a chemical substance or physical agent such as loud noise.
The poise (symbol P) is the unit of dynamic viscosity (absolute viscosity) in the centimetre–gram–second system of units.
In materials science, polymorphism is the ability of a solid material to exist in more than one form or crystal structure.
Poultry are domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, their meat or their feathers.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Silage is fermented, high-moisture stored fodder which can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such ruminants (cud-chewing animals) or used as a biofuel feedstock for anaerobic digesters.
Sodium methoxide is a chemical compound with the formula CH3ONa.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Stingless bees, sometimes called stingless honey bees or simply meliponines, are a large group of bees (about 500 species), comprising the tribe Meliponini (or subtribe Meliponina according to other authors).
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Tanned leather in Marrakesh Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
Transfer hydrogenation is the addition of hydrogen (H2; dihydrogen in inorganic and organometallic chemistry) to a molecule from a source other than gaseous H2.
Trichomes, from the Greek τρίχωμα (trichōma) meaning "hair", are fine outgrowths or appendages on plants, algae, lichens, and certain protists.
Triethylamine is the chemical compound with the formula N(CH2CH3)3, commonly abbreviated Et3N.
Urtica dioica, often called common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.
Varroa destructor (Varroa mite) is an external parasitic mite that attacks the honey bees Apis cerana and Apis mellifera.
Varroa jacobsoni is a species of mite that parasitises Apis cerana (Asian honey bees).
Warts are typically small, rough, and hard growths that are similar in color to the rest of the skin.
Xylene (from Greek ξύλο, xylo, "wood"), xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof.
ATCvet code QP53AG01, Acid of ants, Aminic acid, CHOOH, E236, Formic (acid), Formic Acid, Formic acids, Formylic acid, HCO2H, HCOOH, Hcooh, Hydrogen carboxylic acid, Hydrogen formate, Hydrogencarboxylic acid, Metacarbonoic acid, Methanaoic Acid, Methanoic Acid, Methanoic acid.