128 relations: Anti-aircraft warfare, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Bagac, Bataan, Banzai charge, Barbette, Bataan, Bataan Death March, Battery Way, Battle of Corregidor, Battle of Corregidor (1945), Battle of Leyte, Battle of Leyte Gulf, Battle of Midway, Battle of Singapore, Battle of the Coral Sea, Board of Fortifications, Canon de 155mm GPF, Casemate, Cavite, Coastal artillery, Coastal defence and fortification, Combat engineer, Contiguous United States, Corregidor, Davao City, Disappearing gun, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas MacArthur, Douglas MacArthur's escape from the Philippines, Dutch East Indies campaign, Empire of Japan, Field artillery, Field gun, Flamethrower, Fort Andrews, Fort Drum (Philippines), Fort Frank, Fort Wint, Geography of the Philippines, George F. Moore (general), George Marshall, Halyard, Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays, HMS Engadine (1911), Imperial Japanese Navy, Japanese conquest of Burma, Jonathan M. Wainwright (general), Karenkō Prefecture, La Monja Island, Land mine, ..., Landing Craft Mechanized, Legazpi, Albay, Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, M116 howitzer, M1918 240 mm howitzer, Malinta Tunnel, Manila Bay, Manuel L. Quezon, Mariveles, Bataan, Military history of the Philippines, Military history of the United States, Mindanao, Minesweeper, Motor Torpedo Boat PT-34, Mount Pico de Loro, Napalm, National Defense Act of 1935, Naval mine, New Bilibid Prison, New Guinea, Office of the Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines, Open city, Panama mount, Paul Bunker, Penal labour, Philippine Commonwealth Army, Philippine Department, Philippine resistance against Japan, Philippine Scouts, Philippine–American War, Philippines, Philippines Campaign (1941–42), Philippines Campaign (1944–1945), Port Moresby, PT boat, QF 2.95-inch Mountain Gun, Robert B. Patterson, Samuel Meyers Mills Jr., Seacoast defense in the United States, Silver Star, Spanish–American War, Subic Bay, Submarine, Submarine mines in United States harbor defense, Taiwan, Type 45 240 mm howitzer, Type 96 15 cm howitzer, United States, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Army Coast Artillery Corps, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Army Forces in the Far East, United States Secretary of War, War Plan Orange, Washington Naval Treaty, White phosphorus munitions, World War II, 10-inch gun M1895, 12-inch coast defense mortar, 12-inch gun M1895, 151st Infantry Regiment (United States), 24th Infantry Division (United States), 3-inch gun M1903, 3-inch Gun M1918, 317th Operations Group, 34th Infantry Regiment (United States), 37 mm Gun M1, 38th Infantry Division (United States), 4th Marine Regiment (United States), 503rd Infantry Regiment (United States), 59th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, 6-inch gun M1897, 60th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, 75 mm Gun M1917, 8-inch M1888, 91st Coast Artillery (United States), 92nd Coast Artillery (United States). Expand index (78 more) » « Shrink index
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
, officially the, (Bayan ng Bagac; Balen ning Bagac), is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
A banzai charge is the term used by the Allied forces to refer to Japanese human wave attacks mounted by infantry units.
Barbettes are several types of gun emplacement in terrestrial fortifications or on naval ships.
Bataan (Lalawigan ng Bataan; Lalawigan ning Bataan) is a province situated in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines.
The Bataan Death March (Filipino: Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan; Japanese: バターン死の行進, Hepburn: Batān Shi no Kōshin) was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war from Saysain Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac, via San Fernando, Pampanga, where the prisoners were loaded onto trains.
Battery Way was a battery of four 12-inch mortars located on the island of Corregidor.
The Battle of Corregidor (Filipino: Labanan sa Corregidor), fought May 5–6, 1942, was the culmination of the Japanese campaign for the conquest of the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.
The Battle for the Recapture of Corregidor (Filipino: Labanan para sa Corregidor), 16–26 February 1945, pitted American forces against the defending Japanese garrison on the island fortress.
The Battle of Leyte (Filipino: Labanan sa Leyte, Waray: Gubat ha Leyte, 17 October - 26 December 1944) in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the amphibious invasion of the island of Leyte in the Philippines by American forces and Filipino guerrillas under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, who fought against the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines led by General Tomoyuki Yamashita.
The Battle of Leyte Gulf (Filipino: Labanan sa Golpo ng Leyte) is generally considered to have been the largest naval battle of World War II and, by some criteria, possibly the largest naval battle in history.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
Several boards have been appointed by US presidents or Congress to evaluate the US defensive fortifications, primarily coastal defenses near strategically important harbors on the US shores, its territories, and its protectorates.
The Canon de 155 Grande Puissance Filloux (GPF) mle.1917 was a WWI-era French-designed 155 mm cannon used by the French Army and the United States Army during the first half of the 20th century in both towed and self-propelled mountings.
A casemate, sometimes erroneously rendered casement, is a fortified gun emplacement or armored structure from which guns are fired.
Cavite (Lalawigan ng Kabite;, or; Chabacano: Provincia de Cavite) is a province in the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the Calabarzon region on Luzon island.
Coastal artillery is the branch of the armed forces concerned with operating anti-ship artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal fortifications.
Castillo San Felipe de Barajas in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, an example of an Early Modern coastal defense Coastal defence (or defense) and coastal fortification are measures taken to provide protection against military attack at or near a coastline (or other shoreline), for example, fortification and coastal artillery.
A combat engineer (also called field engineer, pioneer or sapper in many armies) is a soldier who performs a variety of construction and demolition tasks under combat conditions.
The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. on the continent of North America.
Corregidor Island, locally called Isla ng Corregidor, is an island located at the entrance of Manila Bay in southwestern part of Luzon Island in the Philippines.
, officially the (Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Lungsod ng Dabaw), is a highly urbanized city in the island of Mindanao,.
A disappearing gun, a gun mounted on a disappearing carriage, is an obsolete type of artillery which enabled a gun to hide from direct fire and observation.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
On 11 March 1942, during World War II, General Douglas MacArthur and members of his family and staff left the Philippine island of Corregidor and his forces, which were surrounded by the Japanese.
The Dutch East Indies Campaign of 1941–42 was the conquest of the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) by forces from the Empire of Japan in the early days of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. Forces from the Allies attempted unsuccessfully to defend the islands. The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field.
A field gun is a field artillery piece.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
Fort Andrews was created in 1897 as part of the Coast (later Harbor) Defenses of Boston, Massachusetts.
Fort Drum (originally known as El Fraile Island), also known as "the concrete battleship", is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island.
Fort Frank (Carabao Island, the Philippines) was one of the defense forts at the entrance to Manila Bay established by the United States.
Fort Wint (known as Grande Island, the Philippines) was part of the harbor defenses of Manila and Subic Bays built by the Philippine Department of the United States Army between 1907 and 1920 in response to recommendations of the Taft Board prior to the non-fortification clause of the Washington Naval Treaty.
The Philippines is an archipelago that consists of 7,107 islands with a total land area of.
George Fleming Moore (July 31, 1887 – December 2, 1949) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Army with the rank of major general.
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.
In sailing, a halyard or halliard is a line (rope) that is used to hoist a ladder, sail, flag or yard.
The Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays ("Coast Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays" until 1925) (a.k.a. CD/HD Manila Bay) were a United States Army Coast Artillery Corps harbor defense command, part of the Philippine Department of the United States Army from circa 1910 through early World War II.
HMS Engadine was a seaplane tender which served in the Royal Navy (RN) during the First World War.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The Japanese conquest of Burma was the opening chapter of the Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II, which took place over four years from 1942 to 1945.
Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV (August 23, 1883 – September 2, 1953) was a career American army officer and the Commander of Allied forces in the Philippines at the time of their surrender to the Empire of Japan during World War II.
was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan during the Japanese rule.
La Monja Island (also Lamonja Island or Monja Island; Spanish for "the nun") is a small, uninhabited island near the entrance to Manila Bay in the Philippines.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
The landing craft mechanized (LCM) also landing craft mechanical is a landing craft designed for carrying vehicles.
Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi, (Ciudad kan Legazpi; Lungsod ng Legazpi) and often referred to as Legazpi City, is a component city and the capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines.
The Lingayen Gulf is a large gulf on northwestern Luzon in the Philippines, stretching.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The 75mm Pack Howitzer M1 (redesignated the M116 in 1962) was an artillery piece used by the United States.
The M1918 240 mm howitzer was a copy of a French World War I siege howitzer, manufactured in the U.S. to specifications of the U.S. Army.
The Malinta Tunnel is a tunnel complex built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers on the island of Corregidor in the Philippines.
Manila Bay is a natural harbour which serves the Port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines.
Manuel L. Quezon (born Manuel Luís Quezon y Molina; August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) was a Filipino statesman, soldier, and politician who served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944.
, officially the (Bayan ng Mariveles; Balen ning Mariveles), is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
The military history of the Philippines is characterized by a period of struggle against colonial powers such as Spain and the United States, occupation by the Empire of Japan during World War II and participation in Asian conflicts post-World War II such as the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries.
Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines.
A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping.
Motor Torpedo Boat PT-34 was a of the United States Navy, built by the Electric Launch Company of Bayonne, New Jersey.
Mount Palay-Palay, is a dormant volcano in Cavite province on the island of Luzon, Philippines.
Napalm is a mixture of a gelling agent and either gasoline (petrol) or a similar fuel.
The National Defense Act of 1935 (Commonwealth Act № 1) was passed by the Philippine National Assembly on December 21, 1935.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
The New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa, Philippines, is the main insular penitentiary designed to house the prison population of the Philippines.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
The Office of the Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government (OMACG) was created in 1935 upon the initiative of President Manuel L. Quezon by the Philippine and American governments for the purposes of developing a system of national defense for the Commonwealth of the Philippines by 1946.
In war, in the event of the imminent capture of a city, the government/military structure of the nation that controls the city will sometimes declare it an open city, thus announcing that it has abandoned all defensive efforts.
The term Panama Mount describes a gun mount developed by the U.S. Army in Panama during the 1920s for fixed coastal artillery positions.
Paul Delmont Bunker (May 7, 1881 – March 16, 1943) was an American football player and soldier.
Penal labour is a generic term for various kinds of unfree labour which prisoners are required to perform, typically manual labour.
The Philippine Army was established in December 1935.
The Philippine Department (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Pilipinas/Hukbong Kagawaran ng Pilipinas) was a regular United States Army unit whose mission was to defend the Philippine Islands and train the Philippine Army.
During the Japanese occupation of the islands in World War II, there was an extensive Philippine resistance movement (Filipino: Kilusan ng Paglaban sa Pilipinas), which opposed the Japanese with active underground and guerrilla activity that increased over the years.
The Philippine Scouts (Filipino: Maghahanap ng Pilipinas or Hukbong Maghahanap ng Pilipinas) was a military organization of the United States Army from 1901 until the end of World War II and disbanded in 1948 by the Philippines Government after the country's independence.
The Philippine–American War (also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Tagalog Insurgency; Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The Philippines Campaign (Filipino: Kampanya sa Pilipinas or Labanan sa Pilipinas) or the Battle of the Philippines, fought 8 December 1941 – 8 May 1942, was the invasion of the Philippines by Imperial Japan and the defense of the islands by United States and Filipino forces during the Second World War.
The Philippines campaign, the Battle of the Philippines or the Liberation of the Philippines (Filipino: Kampanya sa Pilipinas, Labanan sa Pilipinas & Liberasyon ng Pilipinas), (Operation Musketeer I, II, and III) (Filipino: Operasyon Mosketero I, II, at III), was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines during World War II.
(Tok Pisin: Pot Mosbi), also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea and the largest city in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand.
A PT boat (short for Patrol Torpedo boat) was a torpedo-armed fast attack craft used by the United States Navy in World War II.
The QF 2.95 inch mountain gun was the designation given by the British to a Vickers 75mm calibre gun.
Robert Boyd "Tut" Patterson (December 13, 1921 – September 21, 2017) was an American plantation manager and former college football star who is known for founding the first Citizens' Councils, a white supremacist organization, established in Indianola, Mississippi in 1954, in response to the Brown v. Board of Education decision.
Brigadier General Samuel Myers Mills Jr., (born December 15, 1842, in Pottersville, Pennsylvania, and died September 8, 1907, in Cottage City, Prince George's County, Maryland) served as the United States Army's chief of artillery from 1905 to 1906.
Seacoast defense was a major concern for the United States from its independence until World War II.
The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat.
The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898.
Subic Bay is a bay on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, about northwest of Manila Bay.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
The modern era of defending American harbors with controlled mines or submarine mines (also called "naval mines" and originally referred to as "torpedoes") began in the post-Civil War period, and was a major part of US harbor defenses from circa 1900 to 1947.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The was a siege gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War I and World War II.
The was a 149.1 mm calibre howitzer used by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps (CAC) was an administrative corps responsible for coastal, harbor, and anti-aircraft defense of the United States between 1901 and 1950.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) (Filipino: Hukbong Katihan ng Estados Unidos sa Malayong Silangan/HKEUMS) was a military formation of the United States Army active from 1941 to 1946.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
War Plan Orange (commonly known as Plan Orange or just Orange) refers to a series of United States Joint Army and Navy Board war plans for dealing with a possible war with Japan during the years between the First and Second World Wars.
The Washington Naval Treaty, also known as the Five-Power Treaty, the Four-Power Treaty, and the Nine-Power Treaty, was a treaty signed during 1922 among the major nations that had won World War I, which agreed to prevent an arms race by limiting naval construction.
White phosphorus is a material made from a common allotrope of the chemical element phosphorus that is used in smoke, tracer, illumination, and incendiary munitions.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 10-inch Gun M1895 (254 mm) and its variants the M1888 and M1900 were large coastal artillery pieces installed to defend major American seaports between 1895 and 1945.
The 12-inch coast defense mortar was a weapon of caliber emplaced during the 1890s and early 20th century to defend US harbors from seaborne attack.
The 12-inch coastal defense gun M1895 (305 mm) and its variants the M1888 and M1900 were large coastal artillery pieces installed to defend major American seaports between 1895 and 1945.
The 151st Infantry Regiment is an infantry unit in the Indiana National Guard, part of the 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Separate).
The 24th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The 3-inch gun M1903 and its predecessors the M1898 and M1902 were rapid fire breech-loading artillery guns with a 360-degree traverse.
The 3-inch M1918 gun was a United States 3-inch anti-aircraft gun that entered service in 1918 and served until it was finally superseded by the 3" M3 gun in 1930.
The 317th Operations Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit, last stationed at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina as part of Air Mobility Command.
The 34th Infantry Regiment (nickname 'Leyte Dragons') is a Regular Army infantry regiment of the United States Army.
The 37mm Gun M1 was an anti-aircraft autocannon developed in the United States.
The 38th Infantry Division ("Cyclone") is one of the eighteen divisions of the United States Army, and one of eight National Guard divisions.
The 4th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 503rd Infantry Regiment, formerly the 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR) and the 503rd Airborne Infantry Regiment (AIR), is an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army.
The 59th Coast Artillery Regiment, later the 59th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, was a regiment in the United States Army.
The 6-inch gun M1897 (152 mm) and its variants the M1900, M1903, M1905, M1908, and M1 (a.k.a. T2) were coastal artillery pieces installed to defend major American seaports between 1897 and 1945.
The 60th Air Defense Artillery Regiment is an air defense unit of the United States Army.
The 75 mm Gun Model of 1917 (British) was an interim measure, based on the British QF 18 pounder, produced by the United States in World War I after it had decided to switch from to 75 mm calibre for its field guns.
The 8-inch Gun M1888 (203 mm) was a U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps gun, initially deployed 1898-1908 in about 75 fixed emplacements, usually on a disappearing carriage.
The 91st Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery Corps regiment in the United States Army, part of the Philippine Scouts.
The 92nd Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery Corps regiment in the United States Army, part of the Philippine Scouts.