164 relations: Abraham Eustis, Abraham Lincoln, Africa, American Civil War, American Missionary Association, Anaconda Plan, Angola, Anti-submarine net, Antiquities Act, Army of Northern Virginia, Army of the James, Artificial island, Artillery, Associated Press, Atlantic Ocean, Balloon, Bantu peoples, Barack Obama, Battle of Big Bethel, Battle of Fort Sumter, Battle of Hampton Roads, Battle of Sewell's Point, Battle of Waterloo, Benjamin Butler (politician), Black Hawk (Sauk leader), Blackstone, Virginia, Bob McDonnell, Brigadier general (United States), Casemate, Chapel of the Centurion, Charleston, South Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, Chesapeake Bay, Christopher Newport, City Point, Virginia, Clarence Page Townsley, Colonel (United States), Colony of Virginia, Confederate States of America, Congregational church, Contraband (American Civil War), Cornelius Vanderbilt, CSS Virginia, Danville, Virginia, Drewry's Bluff, Elizabeth City (Virginia Company), Elizabeth City County, Virginia, Elizabeth City Shire, Elizabeth River (Virginia), Eugene Reybold, ..., Fort Algernon, Fort Eustis, Fort Pickett, Fort Point, San Francisco, Fort Sumter, Fort Wool, France, Freedmen's Colony of Roanoke Island, George B. McClellan, George W. Bush, Georgia (U.S. state), Gibraltar, Grand Contraband Camp, Virginia, Great White Fleet, Hampton Roads, Hampton Roads Bridge–Tunnel, Hampton, Virginia, Heritage Documentation Programs, Hopewell, Virginia, Horace Greeley, Humid subtropical climate, Independent city, Indian Ocean, Ironclad warship, Irwinville, Georgia, James Monroe, James River, Jamestown Exposition, Jamestown, Virginia, Jefferson Davis, John LaMountain, John Smith (explorer), John Wilson Ruckman, Journal of the United States Artillery, Köppen climate classification, Lieutenant colonel (United States), List of Underground Railroad sites, Mary S. Peake, Mediterranean Sea, Methodism, Military intelligence, Mississippi River, Moat, Nansemond River, Napoleon, National Monument (United States), National Postal Museum, National Trust for Historic Preservation, Naval Review, Naval Station Norfolk, Nelson A. Miles, New Appomattox Court House, Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Norfolk, Virginia, North Carolina, Nottoway County, Virginia, Old Point Comfort, Ordinance of Secession, Peninsula Campaign, Phoebus, Virginia, Presbyterianism, President of the Confederate States of America, President of the United States, Quarters 1 (Fort Monroe), Quarters 17 (Fort Monroe), Richmond and Danville Railroad, Richmond, Virginia, Rio Grande, Rip Raps, Roadstead, Robert E. Lee, Robert Emmet Callan, Robert T. Frederick, Salmon P. Chase, Seven Days Battles, Sewell's Point, Siege of Petersburg, Siege of Yorktown, Simon Bernard, Slavery, South Carolina, Southside (Virginia), Stanley Dunbar Embick, Supreme Court of the United States, Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, The Carolinas, The Chamberlin, The Post-Crescent, The Virginian-Pilot, Tidewater region, Union (American Civil War), Union Army Balloon Corps, United States Army, United States Army Coast Artillery Corps, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command, United States Congress, United States Department of Defense, United States Military Academy, United States Navy, USS Monitor, Virginia, Virginia Company, Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Virginia Peninsula, Walter Gwynn, War of 1812, William Ruthven Smith, Winfield Scott, World War I, World War II, 12th Coast Artillery (United States), 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, 2nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment, 51st Coast Artillery Regiment (United States). Expand index (114 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Eustis (March 26, 1786 – June 27, 1843) was a lawyer and notable U.S. Army officer, eventually rising to become a Brevet Brigadier General.
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Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
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Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.
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The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy.
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The American Missionary Association (AMA) was a Protestant-based abolitionist group founded on September 3, 1846 in Albany, New York.
The Anaconda Plan is the name widely applied to an outline strategy for subduing the seceding states in the American Civil War.
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Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
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An anti-submarine net or anti-submarine boom is a boom placed across the mouth of a harbour or a strait for protection against submarines.
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The Antiquities Act of 1906, (–433), is an act passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 8, 1906.
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The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, as well as the primary command structure of the Department of Northern Virginia.
The Army of the James was a Union Army that was composed of units from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and served along the James River during the final operations of the American Civil War in Virginia.
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An artificial island or man-made island is an island that has been constructed by people rather than formed by natural means.
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Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
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The Associated Press (AP) is an American multinational nonprofit news agency headquartered in New York City.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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A balloon is a flexible bag that can be inflated with a gas, such as helium, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, oxygen, or air.
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Bantu peoples is used as a general label for the 300–600 ethnic groups in Africa who speak Bantu languages.
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Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.
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The Battle of Big Bethel, also known as the Battle of Bethel Church or Great Bethel was one of the earliest land battles of the American Civil War (Civil War) after the surrender of Fort Sumter.
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The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–14, 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War.
The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies.
The Battle of Sewell's Point was an inconclusive exchange of cannon fire between the Union gunboat USS ''Monticello'', supported by the USS ''Thomas Freeborn'', and Confederate batteries on Sewell's Point that took place on May 18, 19 and 21, 1861, in Norfolk County, Virginia in the early days of the American Civil War.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer, politician and soldier.
Black Hawk, born Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak, (1767 – October 3, 1838) was a war leader and warrior of the Sauk American Indian tribe in what is now the Midwest of the United States.
Blackstone, formerly named Blacks and White, and Bellefonte, is a town in Nottoway County, Virginia, United States.
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Robert Francis "Bob" McDonnell (born June 15, 1954) is a former American politician.
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In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, Brig Gen, or BGen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Marine Corps.
A casemate, sometimes erroneously rendered casement, is a fortified gun emplacement or armored structure from which guns are fired.
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The Chapel of the Centurion is the oldest continually used wooden military structure for religious services in the United States.
Charleston is the oldest and second-largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Charlotte is the largest city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary lying inland from the Atlantic Ocean, and surrounded by the North American mainland to the West, and the Delmarva Peninsula to the East.
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Christopher Newport (1561–1617) was an English seaman and privateer.
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City Point was a town in Prince George County, Virginia that was annexed by the independent city of Hopewell in 1923.
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Clarence Page Townsley (September 24, 1855–December 28, 1926) was a career United States Army officer who became superintendent of the United States Military Academy.
In the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, colonel (pronounced "ker-nul") is the most senior field grade military officer rank immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.
The Colony of Virginia (also known frequently as the Virginia Colony, the Province of Virginia, and occasionally as the Dominion and Colony of Virginia or Most Ancient Colloney and Dominion of Virginia) was the first English colony in the world.
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The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861 to 1865.
Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs.
Contraband was a term commonly used in the United States military during the American Civil War to describe a new status for certain escaped slaves or those who affiliated with Union forces.
Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794 – January 4, 1877), also known informally as "Commodore Vanderbilt", was an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping.
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CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; it was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and engines of the scuttled steam frigate.
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Danville is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia.
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Drewry's Bluff is located in northeastern Chesterfield County, Virginia in the United States.
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Elizabeth City (or Elizabeth Cittie as it was then called) was one of four incorporations established in the Virginia Colony in 1619 by the proprietor, the Virginia Company of London, acting in accordance with instructions issued by Sir George Yeardley, Governor.
Elizabeth City County was a county in southeastern Virginia from 1634 to 1952.
Elizabeth City Shire was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634.
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The Elizabeth River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Eugene Reybold (February 13, 1884 – November 21, 1961) was distinguished as the World War II Chief of Engineers who directed the largest United States Army Corps of Engineers in the nation's history.
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Fort Algernon (also spelled Fort Algernourne) was established in the fall of 1609 at the mouth of Hampton Roads at Point Comfort in the Virginia Colony.
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Fort Eustis is a United States Army installation located near Newport News, Virginia.
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Fort Pickett, is a Virginia Army National Guard installation, located near the town of Blackstone, Virginia.
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Fort Point is a masonry seacoast fortification located at the southern side of the Golden Gate at the entrance to San Francisco Bay.
Fort Sumter is a sea fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, and notable for two historic battles of the American Civil War.
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Fort Wool was a seacoast fortification located in the mouth of Hampton Roads approximately one mile south of Fort Monroe.
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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The Freedmen's Colony of Roanoke Island, also known as the Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony, or "Freedman's Colony", was founded in 1863 during the Civil War after Union Major General John G. Foster, Commander of the 18th Army Corps, captured the Confederate fortifications on Roanoke Island off North Carolina in 1862.
George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826October 29, 1885) was a major general for the Union during the American Civil War and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1864, who later served as Governor of New Jersey.
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George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009, and the 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
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Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States.
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Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.
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Grand Contraband Camp was located in Elizabeth City County on the Virginia Peninsula near Fort Monroe during and immediately after the American Civil War.
The Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe from December 16, 1907, to February 22, 1909, by order of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.
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Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and a metropolitan region in Southeastern Virginia and Northeastern North Carolina, United States.
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The Hampton Roads Bridge–Tunnel (HRBT) is the -long Hampton Roads crossing for Interstate 64 and U.S. Route 60.
Hampton is an independent city in Virginia.
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Heritage Documentation Programs (HDP) is a division of the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) responsible for administering the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS), Historic American Engineering Record (HAER), and Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS).
Hopewell is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
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Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time.
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A humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa or Cwa) is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.
An independent city or independent town is a city or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity (such as a county).
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The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface.
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An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
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Irwinville is an unincorporated community in Irwin County, Georgia, United States.
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James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825).
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The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia.
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The Jamestown Exposition was one of the many world's fairs and expositions that were popular in the United States in the early part of the 20th century.
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The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
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Jefferson Finis Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who was U.S. Representative and Senator from Mississippi, U.S. Secretary of War, and the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
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John LaMountain (1830 Wayne County, New York - 1878 Lansingburgh, New York) was a ballooning pioneer.
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John Smith (c. January 1580 – 21 June 1631), Admiral of New England, was an English soldier, explorer, and author.
John Wilson Ruckman (October 10, 1858 – June 6, 1921) was a general in the United States Army.
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The Journal of the United States Artillery was established at Fort Monroe, Virginia, in 1892, by First Lieutenant (later General) John Wilson Ruckman, Cornelis DeWitt Willcox, and three other officers of the Artillery School.
Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.
The list of Underground Railroad sites includes abolitionist locations of sanctuary, support, and transport for former slaves in 19th century North America before and during the American Civil War.
Mary Smith Peake, born Mary Smith Kelsey (1823-February 22, 1862), was an American teacher, humanitarian and a member of the black elite in Hampton, best known for starting a school for the children of former slaves starting in the fall of 1861 under what became known as the Emancipation Oak tree in present-day Hampton, Virginia near Fort Monroe.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.
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Methodism, or the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.
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Military intelligence is a military discipline that exploits a number of information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to commanders in support of their decisions.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the largest drainage system on the North American continent.
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A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.
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The Nansemond River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
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Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
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A National Monument in the United States is a protected area that is similar to a National Park, but can be created from any land owned or controlled by the federal government by proclamation of the President of the United States.
The National Postal Museum, located opposite Union Station in Washington, D.C., USA, was established through joint agreement between the United States Postal Service and the Smithsonian Institution and opened in 1993.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation (NTHP) is a privately funded, nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., that works in the field of historic preservation in the United States.
A Naval Review is an event, where the whole (or a very large part) of the United States Navy is paraded to be reviewed by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Navy.
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Naval Station Norfolk, is a United States Navy base in Norfolk, Virginia.
Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was a United States soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish–American War.
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The Appomattox Courthouse is the current courthouse in Appomattox, Virginia built in 1892.
The Norfolk Naval Shipyard, often called the Norfolk Navy Yard and abbreviated as NNSY, is a U.S. Navy facility in Portsmouth, Virginia, for building, remodeling, and repairing the Navy's ships. It's the oldest and largest industrial facility that belongs to the U.S. Navy as well as the most multifaceted. Located on the Elizabeth River, the yard is just a short distance upriver from its mouth at Hampton Roads. It was established as Gosport Shipyard in 1767. Destroyed during the American Revolutionary War, it was rebuilt and became home to the first operational drydock in the United States in the 1820s. Changing hands during the American Civil War, it served the Confederate States Navy until it was again destroyed in 1862, when it was given its current name. The shipyard was again rebuilt, and has continued operation through the present day.
Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States of America.
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North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States.
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Nottoway County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Old Point Comfort is a point of land located in the independent city of Hampton.
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The Ordinance of Secession was the document drafted and ratified in 1860 and 1861 by each of the states formally seceding from the United States of America.
The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater.
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Phoebus (formerly Chesapeake City) was an incorporated town located in Elizabeth City County on the Virginia Peninsula in eastern Virginia.
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Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to the British Isles.
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The President of the Confederate States of America was the head of state and head of government of the Confederate States of America, which was formed from the states which declared their secession from the United States, thus precipitating the American Civil War.
The President of the United States of America (POTUS) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
Quarters 1, also known as Building 1, is a historic officer's quarters located at Fort Monroe, Hampton, Virginia.
Quarters 17, also known as Building 17, Lee's Quarters, and the Tuileries, is a historic officer's quarters located at Fort Monroe, Hampton, Virginia.
The Richmond and Danville Railroad (R&D) Company was a railroad that operated independently from 1847 until 1894, first in the U.S. state of Virginia and later on 3,300 miles (5,300 km) of track in nine states.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States.
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The Rio Grande (or; Río Bravo del Norte, or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Colorado River).
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Rip Raps is a small 15 acre (60,000 m²) artificial island at the mouth of the harbor area known as Hampton Roads in the independent city of Hampton in southeastern Virginia in the United States.
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A roadstead (reede; rade; рейд) is a body of water sheltered from rip currents, spring tides or ocean swell outside a harbor where ships can lie reasonably safely at anchor without dragging or snatching while waiting for their turn to enter a port of call.
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Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American soldier known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.
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Major General Robert Emmet Callan was a distinguished United States Army Coast Artillery officer who served in the United States and overseas in places such as Puerto Rico, France and the Philippines.
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Robert Tryon Frederick (March 14, 1907 - November 29, 1970) was a highly decorated United States Army combat commander during World War II.
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Salmon Portland Chase (January 13, 1808May 7, 1873) was an American politician and jurist who served as the sixth Chief Justice of the United States from 1864 to 1873.
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The Seven Days Battles were a series of six major battles over the seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1862, near Richmond, Virginia, during the American Civil War.
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Sewells Point is a peninsula of land in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States, located at the mouth of the salt-water port of Hampton Roads.
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The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.
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The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown or the German Battle, ending on October 19, 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British lord and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
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Baron Simon Bernard (28 April 1779 – 5 November 1839) was a French general of engineers.
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Slavery is a legal or economic system in which principles of property law can apply to humans so that people can be treated as property, and can be owned, bought and sold accordingly, and cannot withdraw unilaterally from the arrangement.
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South Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
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Traditionally, the term Southside refers to the portion of Virginia east of the Blue Ridge Mountains and south of the James River, the geographic feature from which the term derives its name.
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Stanley Dunbar Embick (January 22, 1877 - October 23, 1957) was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army.
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe (August 20, 1832 - January 16, 1913), also known as Professor T. S. C. Lowe, was an American Civil War aeronaut, scientist and inventor, mostly self-educated in the fields of chemistry, meteorology, and aeronautics, and the father of military aerial reconnaissance in the United States.
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The Carolinas are the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina, considered collectively.
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The Chamberlin is a retirement community and historic hotel in Hampton, Virginia, overlooking Hampton Roads at Old Point Comfort.
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The Post-Crescent is a daily newspaper based in Appleton, Wisconsin.
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The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia.
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The Tidewater region of Virginia is the eastern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
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During the American Civil War, the Union was the term used to refer to the United States of America, and specifically to the national government and the 20 free states and five border slave states which supported it.
The Union Army Balloon Corps was a branch of the Union Army during the American Civil War, established by presidential appointee Thaddeus S. C. Lowe.
The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.
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The U.S. Army Coast Artillery Corps (CAC) was a corps level organization responsible for coastal, harbor, and anti-aircraft defense of the United States between 1901 and 1950.
Established 1 July 1973, the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is a command of the United States Army headquartered at Fort Eustis, Virginia.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
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The USS Monitor was an iron-hulled steamship.
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Virginia (U.S.:, U.K.), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States.
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The Virginia Company refers collectively to a joint stock company chartered by James I on 10 April 1606 with the purposes of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.
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The Virginia Department of Historic Resources is the State Historic Preservation Office for the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, USA, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay.
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Walter Gwynn (February 22, 1802 – February 6, 1882) was a civil engineer and soldier who became a Virginia Provisional Army general and North Carolina militia brigadier general in the early days of the American Civil War in 1861 and subsequently a Confederate States Army colonel.
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The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting for two and a half years, fought by the United States of America against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies, and its Native American allies.
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William Ruthven Smith (April 2, 1868 – July 15, 1941) was a career United States Army officer who commanded the 36th Infantry Division during its deployment in France during World War I and later became Superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.
Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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The 12th Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery regiment in the United States Army.
The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission preliminary list was released by the United States Department of Defense on May 13, 2005.
The 2nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment is an air defense artillery regiment of the United States Army first formed in 1821.
The 51st Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery regiment in the United States Army.