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Foundation (engineering)

Index Foundation (engineering)

A foundation (or, more commonly, base) is the element of an architectural structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground. [1]

36 relations: Anchor bolt, Architectural engineering, Bearing capacity, Bedrock, Concrete, Concrete slab, Consolidation (soil), Deep foundation, Dry stone, Expansive clay, Force, French drain, Frost line, Gabion, Geotechnical engineering, List of offshore wind farms, Mortar (masonry), Palisade, Post in ground, Prestressed concrete, Rebar, Reinforced concrete, Rock mechanics, Shallow foundation, Soil, Soil mechanics, Staddle stones, Steel, Stilt house, Structural engineer, Subsea (technology), Timber pilings, Underpinning, Weathering steel, Wind farm, Wood.

Anchor bolt

Anchor bolts are used to connect structural and non-structural elements to the concrete.

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Architectural engineering

Architectural engineering, also known as building engineering, is the application of engineering principles and technology to building design and construction.

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Bearing capacity

In geotechnical engineering, bearing capacity is the capacity of soil to support the loads applied to the ground.

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Bedrock

In geology, bedrock is the lithified rock that lies under a loose softer material called regolith at the surface of the Earth or other terrestrial planets.

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Concrete

Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.

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Concrete slab

A concrete slab is a common structural element of modern buildings.

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Consolidation (soil)

Consolidation refers to the process by which soils change volume in response to a change in pressure.

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Deep foundation

A deep foundation is a type of foundation that transfers building loads to the earth farther down from the surface than a shallow foundation does to a subsurface layer or a range of depths.

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Dry stone

Dry stone, sometimes called drystack or, in Scotland, drystane, is a building method by which structures are constructed from stones without any mortar to bind them together.

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Expansive clay

Expansive clay is a clay soil that is prone to large volume changes (swelling and shrinking) that are directly related to changes in water content.

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Force

In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.

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French drain

A French drain or weeping tile (also trench drain, filter drain, blind drain, rubble drain, rock drain, drain tile, perimeter drain, land drain, French ditch, sub-surface drain, sub-soil drain or agricultural drain) is a trench filled with gravel or rock or containing a perforated pipe that redirects surface water and groundwater away from an area.

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Frost line

The frost line—also known as frost depth or freezing depth—is most commonly the depth to which the groundwater in soil is expected to freeze.

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Gabion

A gabion (from Italian gabbione meaning "big cage"; from Italian gabbia and Latin cavea meaning "cage") is a cage, cylinder, or box filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for use in civil engineering, road building, military applications and landscaping.

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Geotechnical engineering

Geotechnical engineering is the branch of civil engineering concerned with the engineering behavior of earth materials.

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List of offshore wind farms

This page lists the largest offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity.

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Mortar (masonry)

Mortar is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units together, fill and seal the irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or patterns in masonry walls.

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Palisade

A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.

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Post in ground

Post in ground construction, also called earthfast or hole-set posts, is a type of construction in which vertical, roof-bearing timbers, called posts, are in direct contact with the ground.

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Prestressed concrete

Prestressed concrete is a form of concrete used in construction which is "pre-stressed" by being placed under compression prior to supporting any loads beyond its own dead weight.

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Rebar

Rebar (short for reinforcing bar), collectively known as reinforcing steel and reinforcement steel, is a steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a tension device in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures to strengthen and hold the concrete in compression.

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Reinforced concrete

Reinforced concrete (RC) (also called reinforced cement concrete or RCC) is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are counteracted by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility.

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Rock mechanics

Rock mechanics is a theoretical and applied science of the mechanical behavior of rock and rock masses; compared to geology, it is that branch of mechanics concerned with the response of rock and rock masses to the force fields of their physical environment.

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Shallow foundation

A shallow foundation is a type of building foundation that transfers building loads to the earth very near to the surface, rather than to a subsurface layer or a range of depths as does a deep foundation.

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Soil

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

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Soil mechanics

Soil mechanics is a branch of soil physics and applied mechanics that describes the behavior of soils.

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Staddle stones

Staddle stones (variations include Steddle stones) were originally used as supporting bases for granaries, hayricks, game larders, etc.

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Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Stilt house

Stilt houses are houses raised on piles over the surface of the soil or a body of water.

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Structural engineer

Structural engineers analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural systems to achieve design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of users or occupants.

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Subsea (technology)

Subsea is fully submerged ocean equipment, operations or applications, especially when some distance offshore, in deep ocean waters, or on the seabed.

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Timber pilings

Piling foundations support many historic structures such as canneries, wharves, and shore buildings.

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Underpinning

In construction or renovation, underpinning is the process of strengthening the foundation of an existing building or other structure.

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Weathering steel

Weathering steel, often referred to by the genericized trademark COR-TEN steel and sometimes written without the hyphen as corten steel, is a group of steel alloys which were developed to eliminate the need for painting, and form a stable rust-like appearance after several years exposure to weather.

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Wind farm

A wind farm is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity.

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Wood

Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

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Basework, Building foundation, Building foundations, Castle bank, Foundation (architecture), Foundation (construction), Foundation engineering, Foundation enginering, Foundation solutions, Foundation wall, Foundation walls, Groundsill, Padstone, Pony Wall Foundation, Pony wall foundation, Stone foundation, Strip foundation.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foundation_(engineering)

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