392 relations: A Song to Remember, Aachen, Academy Award for Best Actor, Academy Awards, Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, Adam Mickiewicz, Adam Zamoyski, Adolphe Gutmann, Adolphe Nourrit, Albert, Prince Consort, Alexander Glazunov, Alexander I of Russia, Alexander Scriabin, Alexis Dupont, Alfred Cortot, Alfred de Vigny, Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, Amazon Kindle, Ambroży Mieroszewski, Anatoly Lyadov, András Schiff, André Gide, Anthony Tommasini, Antonín Dvořák, Antoni Radziwiłł, Appoggiatura, Arpeggio, Arthur Hedley, Arthur Rubinstein, Auguste Clésinger, Auguste Franchomme, Étude Op. 10, No. 12 (Chopin), Étude Op. 10, No. 7 (Chopin), Étude Op. 25, No. 10 (Chopin), Étude Op. 25, No. 6 (Chopin), Études (Chopin), Études (Debussy), Żelazowa Wola, B-flat major, Ballade (classical music), Ballades (Chopin), Barcarolle (Chopin), Barcelona, Bass (voice type), Battle of France, BBC, BBC Four, Beethoven Monument, Bonn, ..., Belweder, Benno Moiseiwitsch, Bohuslav Martinů, Bonn, Boris Pasternak, Breitkopf & Härtel, British Library, Brochów, Masovian Voivodeship, Cadence (music), Camille Pleyel, Canon (music), Cantabile, Carl Friedrich Zelter, Carnaval (Schumann), Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Carthusians, Cello Sonata (Chopin), Chamber music, Charles Hallé, Charles Rosen, Charles-Valentin Alkan, Child prodigy, Chopin (opera), Chopin family parlor, Chopin: Desire for Love, Chord progression, Chromatic scale, Circle of fifths, Cirrhosis, Clara Schumann, Classical music, Claude Debussy, Coda (music), Congress Poland, Conservatoire de Paris, Cornel Wilde, Costume de rigueur, Counterpoint, Cyprian Norwid, Cystic fibrosis, Czechs, Darius Milhaud, Düsseldorf, Death mask, Defenestration, Delfina Potocka, Diminished seventh, Domestic worker, Dominik Dziewanowski, Don Giovanni, Dover Street, Dresden, Drone (music), Duchy of Warsaw, Duszniki-Zdrój, Dynamics (music), Eclogue, Edinburgh, Eduard Bendemann, Eduard Hildebrandt, Edvard Grieg, Emanuel Ax, Emilia Chopin, Encyclopædia Britannica, Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, Eugène Delacroix, European Union, Euterpe, Evgeny Kissin, Félicien Mallefille, Feliks Paweł Jarocki, Felix Mendelssohn, Ferdinand Hiller, Ferruccio Busoni, Figured bass, Fioritura, Flute, Folk music, François-Joseph Fétis, Franciszek Lessel, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, French Revolution of 1848, Friedrich Kalkbrenner, Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow, Fryderyk Chopin Institute, Fryderyk Chopin University of Music, Fryderyk Skarbek, G minor, Galley proof, Gaspare Spontini, George Crumb, George Onslow (composer), George Sand, Giacomo Orefice, Gioachino Rossini, Giorgi Latso, Given name, Godparent, Gottfried Benn, Grace note, Grand Duchy of Posen, Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich of Russia, Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale, Great Emigration, Guildhall, London, Guinea (coin), Gwiazda Polarna, Harmony, Harold C. 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A Song to Remember is a 1945 Columbia Pictures Technicolor biographical film which tells a fictionalised life story of Polish pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin.
Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Warszawie) is a public university of visual arts and applied arts located in the Polish capital.
Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski (Аdomas Jurgis Čartoriskis, also known as Adam George Czartoryski in English; 14 January 177015 July 1861) was a Polish nobleman, statesman and author.
Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (24 December 179826 November 1855) was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist.
Adam Zamoyski is an American-born British historian author.
Adolphe Gutmann (originally Wilhelm Adolf Gutmann) (12 January 1819 – 22 October 1882) was a German pianist and composer who was a pupil and friend of Frédéric Chopin.
Adolphe Nourrit (3 March 1802 – 8 March 1839) was a French operatic tenor, librettist, and composer.
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.
Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov (10 August 1865 – 21 March 1936) was a Russian composer, music teacher, and conductor of the late Russian Romantic period.
Alexander I (Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; –) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1801 and 1825.
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин; –) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Alexis Dupont (1796, or 1798 according to his death certificate 29 May 1874) was a French operatic tenor who sang at the Opéra-Comique from 1821 to 1823 and the Paris Opera from 1826 to 1841.
Alfred Denis Cortot (26 September 187715 June 1962) was a Franco-Swiss pianist and conductor who was one of the most renowned classical musicians of the 20th century.
Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny (27 March 1797 – 17 September 1863) was a French poet and early leader of French Romanticism.
The Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung (General music newspaper) was a German-language periodical published in the 19th century.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1AD or AATD) is a genetic disorder that may result in lung disease or liver disease.
The Amazon Kindle is a series of e-readers designed and marketed by Amazon. Amazon Kindle devices enable users to browse, buy, download, and read e-books, newspapers, magazines and other digital media via wireless networking to the Kindle Store. The hardware platform, developed by Amazon subsidiary Lab126, began as a single device and now comprises a range of devices, including e-readers with E Ink electronic paper displays and Kindle applications on all major computing platforms. All Kindle devices integrate with Kindle Store content, and as of March 2018, the store has over six million e-books available in the United States.. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
Ambroży Mieroszewski (1802–1884) was a Polish painter who was Frédéric Chopin's first known portraitist.
Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov or Liadov (Анато́лий Константи́нович Ля́дов) was a Russian composer, teacher and conductor.
Sir András Schiff (born 21 December 1953) is a Hungarian-born British classical pianist and conductor, who has received numerous major awards and honours, including the Grammy Award, Gramophone Award, Mozart Medal, and Royal Academy of Music Bach Prize, and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in her 2014 Birthday Honours for services to music.
André Paul Guillaume Gide (22 November 1869 – 19 February 1951) was a French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Anthony "Tony" Tommasini (born 1948) is chief music critic for The New York Times, and has authored three books.
Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.
Prince Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł (13 June 1775 – 7 April 1833) was a Polish and Prussian noble, aristocrat, musician and politician.
An appoggiatura (Vorschlag, Vorhalt; Port de voix) is a musical ornament that consists of an added non-chord note in a melody that is resolved to the regular note of the chord.
A broken chord is a chord broken into a sequence of notes.
Arthur Hedley (12 November 19058 November 1969) was a British musicologist, scholar and biographer of Polish-French composer Frédéric Chopin.
Arthur Rubinstein (Artur Rubinstein; 28 January 188720 December 1982) was a Polish American classical pianist.
Auguste Clésinger (Jean-Baptiste Auguste Clésinger; 22 October 1814 – 5 January 1883) was a 19th-century French sculptor and painter.
Auguste-Joseph Franchomme (10 April 180821 January 1884) was a French cellist and composer.
Étude Op. 10, No. 12 in C minor, known as the "Revolutionary Étude" or the "Étude on the Bombardment of Warsaw", is a solo piano work by Frédéric Chopin written circa 1831, and the last in his first set, Etudes, Op. 10, dedicated "à son ami Franz Liszt" ("to his friend Franz Liszt").
Étude Op. 10, No. 7, in C major, is a solo piano technical study composed by Frédéric Chopin around 18301832 and published in 1833.
The Études by Frédéric Chopin are three sets of études (solo studies) for the piano published during the 1830s.
Claude Debussy's Études (L 136) are a set of 12 piano études composed in 1915.
Żelazowa Wola is a village in Gmina Sochaczew, Sochaczew County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
In music theory, Bflat major is a major scale based on flat, with pitches B, C, D, flat, F, G, and A. Its key signature has two flats.
A ballade (from French ballade,, and German Ballade,, both being words for "ballad"), in classical music since the late 18th century, refers to a setting of a literary ballad, a narrative poem, in the musical tradition of the, or to a one-movement instrumental piece with lyrical and dramatic narrative qualities reminiscent of such a song setting, especially a piano ballad.
Frédéric Chopin's four ballades are one-movement pieces for solo piano, composed between 1831 and 1842.
The Barcarolle in F-sharp major, Op.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Four is a British television channel operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation and available to digital television viewers on Freeview, IPTV, satellite, and cable.
The Beethoven Monument is a large bronze statue of Ludwig van Beethoven that stands on the Münsterplatz in Bonn, Beethoven's birthplace.
Belweder (in full Pałac Belwederski, Belweder Palace, from the Italian belvedere) is a palace in Warsaw, near the Łazienki Park.
Benno Moiseiwitsch CBE (22 February 18909 April 1963) was a Russian/Ukrainian born British pianist.
Bohuslav Jan Martinů (December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer of modern classical music.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (|p|æ|s|t|ər|ˌ|n|æ|k) (29 January 1890 - 30 May 1960) was a Soviet Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator.
Breitkopf & Härtel is the world's oldest music publishing house.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
Brochów is a village (population 400) in Sochaczew County, Masovian Voivodeship, east-central Poland.
In Western musical theory, a cadence (Latin cadentia, "a falling") is "a melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of resolution."Don Michael Randel (1999).
Joseph Étienne Camille Pleyel (December 18, 1788 – May 4, 1855) was a French virtuoso pianist, publisher, and owner of Pleyel et Cie.
In music, a canon is a contrapuntal (counterpoint-based) compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e.g., quarter rest, one measure, etc.). The initial melody is called the leader (or dux), while the imitative melody, which is played in a different voice, is called the follower (or comes).
In music, cantabile, an Italian word, means literally "singable" or "songlike".
Carl Friedrich Zelter (11 December 1758 15 May 1832)Grove/Fuller-Maitland, 1910.
Carnaval, Op. 9, is a work by Robert Schumann for piano solo, written in 1834–1835, and subtitled Scènes mignonnes sur quatre notes (Little Scenes on Four Notes).
Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein (February 8, 1819March 9, 1887) was a Polish noblewoman who pursued a 40-year liaison/relationship with Franz Liszt.
The Carthusian Order (Ordo Cartusiensis), also called the Order of Saint Bruno, is a Catholic religious order of enclosed monastics.
The Cello Sonata in G minor, Op.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
Sir Charles Hallé (11 April 181925 October 1895) was an Anglo-German pianist and conductor, and founder of The Hallé orchestra in 1858.
Charles Welles Rosen (May 5, 1927December 9, 2012) was an American pianist and writer on music.
Charles-Valentin Alkan (30 November 1813 – 29 March 1888) was a French-Jewish composer and virtuoso pianist.
In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.
Chopin is a four-act opera by Giacomo Orefice (1865–1922) to a libretto by Angiolo Orvieto, premiered in Milan in 1901.
The Chopin Family Parlor (Salonik Chopinów) was a branch of the Fryderyk Chopin Museum.
Chopin: Desire for Love (Chopin.) is a film created by director Jerzy Antczak based on the life story of the famous Polish pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin.
A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.
The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below its adjacent pitches.
In music theory, the circle of fifths (or circle of fourths) is the relationship among the 12 tones of the chromatic scale, their corresponding key signatures, and the associated major and minor keys.
Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage.
Clara Schumann (née Clara Josephine Wieck; 13 September 1819 – 20 May 1896) was a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
In music, a coda (Italian for "tail", plural code) is a passage that brings a piece (or a movement) to an end.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
The Conservatoire de Paris (English: Paris Conservatory) is a college of music and dance founded in 1795 associated with PSL Research University.
Cornel Wilde (October 13, 1912 – October 16, 1989) was a Hungarian-American actor and film director.
The term "costume de rigueur" (from French language) refers to a strict formal dresscode for the attire worn at a special event or in a particular venue.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
Cyprian Kamil Norwid, a.k.a. Cyprian Konstanty Norwid (24 September 1821 – 23 May 1883), was a nationally esteemed Polish poet, dramatist, painter, and sculptor.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Darius Milhaud (4 September 1892 – 22 June 1974) was a French composer, conductor, and teacher.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
A death mask is an image, typically in wax or plaster cast made of a person's face following death, often by taking a cast or impression directly from the corpse.
Defenestration is the act of throwing someone or something out of a window.
Delfina Potocka, née Komar (March 18072 April 1877), a Polish countess, was a friend and muse to Polish expatriate artists Frédéric Chopin and Zygmunt Krasiński.
In classical music from Western culture, a diminished seventh is an interval produced by narrowing a minor seventh by a chromatic semitone.
A domestic worker, domestic helper, domestic servant, manservant or menial, is a person who works within the employer's household.
Dominik Dziewanowski (1759-1827) was a Polish military officer, a general in the Army of the Duchy of Warsaw.
Don Giovanni (K. 527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally The Rake Punished, namely Don Giovanni or The Libertine Punished) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Italian libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte.
Dover Street is a street in Mayfair, London.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout most or all of a piece.
The Duchy of Warsaw (Księstwo Warszawskie, Duché de Varsovie, Herzogtum Warschau) was a Polish state established by Napoleon I in 1807 from the Polish lands ceded by the Kingdom of Prussia under the terms of the Treaties of Tilsit.
Duszniki-Zdrój) (Bad Reinerz) is a spa town in the Klodzko Valley on the Bystrzyca River in Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland. It attracts tourists from around the world.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
An eclogue is a poem in a classical style on a pastoral subject.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Eduard Julius Friedrich Bendemann (3 December 1811, Berlin – 27 December 1889, Düsseldorf) was a German painter.
Eduard Hildebrandt (9 September 1818 in Danzig – 25 October 1868 in Berlin) was a German landscape painter.
Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 18434 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist.
Emanuel Ax (born 8 June 1949) is a Grammy-winning American classical pianist.
Emilia Chopin (9 November 1812 – 10 April 1827) was a younger sister of Polish composer Fryderyk Chopin.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski (1 March 1899 – 8 March 1972) was a high-ranking SS commander of Nazi Germany.
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In Greek mythology, Euterpe (/juːˈtɜːrpiː/; Greek: Eὐτέρπη, Greek pronunciation: , Ancient Greek: ; "rejoicing well" or "delight" from Ancient Greek εὖ 'well' + τέρπειν terpein 'to please') was the one of the Muses, presiding over music.
Evgeny Igorevitch Kissin (Евге́ний И́горевич Ки́син, Yevgeniy Igorevich Kisin; born 10 October 1971) is a Russian classical pianist.
Jean Pierre Félicien Mallefille (May 3, 1813 – November 24, 1868) was a French novelist and playwright.
Feliks Paweł Jarocki (Pacanów, 14 January 1790 – 25 March 1865, Warsaw) was a Polish zoologist and entomologist.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Ferdinand (von) Hiller (24 October 1811 – 11 May 1885) was a German composer, conductor, writer and music-director.
Ferruccio Busoni (1 April 1866 – 27 July 1924) (given names: Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and teacher.
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.
Fioritura (Italian for "flourish", or "flowering") is the florid embellishment of melodic lines, either notated by a composer or improvised during a performance.
The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
François-Joseph Fétis (25 March 1784 – 26 March 1871) was a Belgian musicologist, composer, teacher, and one of the most influential music critics of the 19th century.
Franciszek Lessel (1780 – 26 December 1838) was a Polish composer.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de Février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe.
Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner (2–8 November 1785 – 10 June 1849) was a pianist, composer, piano teacher and piano manufacturer.
Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow (7 September 1789 – 19 March 1862) was a German Romantic painter.
The Fryderyk Chopin Institute (Polish: Narodowy Instytut Fryderyka Chopina) was created in 2001 as the result of legislation in the Polish Parliament.
The Fryderyk Chopin University of Music (Uniwersytet Muzyczny Fryderyka Chopina, UMFC) is located at ulica Okólnik 2 in central Warsaw, Poland.
Fryderyk Florian Skarbek (15 February 1792 – 25 September 1866), a member of the Polish nobility, was an economist, novelist, historian, social activist, administrator, politician, and penologist who designed the Pawiak Prison of World War II ill fame.
G minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, flat, C, D, Eflat, and F. Its key signature has two flats.
In printing and publishing, proofs are the preliminary versions of publications meant for review by authors, editors, and proofreaders, often with extra-wide margins.
Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini (14 November 177424 January 1851) was an Italian opera composer and conductor.
George Crumb (born October 24, 1929) is an American composer of avant-garde music.
André George(s) Louis Onslow (27 July 1784 – 3 October 1853) was a French composer of English descent.
Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her nom de plume George Sand, was a French novelist and memoirist.
Giacomo Orefice (27 August 1865 – 22 December 1922) was an Italian composer.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giorgi Latso (born Giorgi Latsabidze, გიორგი ლაცაბიძე,; 15 April 1978) is a Georgian-American classical pianist, composer and doctor of musical arts.
A given name (also known as a first name, forename or Christian name) is a part of a person's personal name.
A godparent (also known as a sponsor), in many denominations of Christianity, is someone who bears witness to a child's baptism and then aids in their catechesis, as well as their lifelong spiritual formation.
Gottfried Benn (2 May 1886 – 7 July 1956) was a German poet, essayist, and physician.
A grace note is a kind of music notation used to denote several kinds of musical ornaments.
The Grand Duchy of Posen (Großherzogtum Posen; Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie) was part of the Kingdom of Prussia, created from territories annexed by Prussia after the Partitions of Poland, and formally established following the Napoleonic Wars in 1815.
Konstantin Pavlovich (Константи́н Па́влович; 8 May 1779 27 June 1831 was a grand duke of Russia and the second son of Emperor Paul I and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. He was the Tsesarevich of Russia throughout the reign of his elder brother Alexander I, but had secretly renounced his claim to the throne in 1823. For 25 days after the death of Alexander I, from 19 November (O.S.)/1 December 1825 to 14 December (O.S.)/26 December 1825 he was known as His Imperial Majesty Konstantin I Emperor and Sovereign of Russia, although he never reigned and never acceded to the throne. His younger brother Nicholas became Tsar in 1825. The succession controversy became the pretext of the Decembrist revolt. Konstantin was known to eschew court etiquette and to take frequent stands against the wishes of his brother Alexander I, for which he is remembered fondly in Russia, but in his capacity as the governor of Poland he is remembered as a strong ruler.
Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale (English: Grand Funeral and Triumphal Symphony), Op.
The Great Emigration (Wielka Emigracja) involved the emigration of thousands of Poles, particularly from the political and cultural elites, from 1831 to 1870, after the failure of the November Uprising and of other uprisings (1846, 1863).
Guildhall is a Grade I-listed building in the City of London, England.
The guinea was a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814.
Gwiazda Polarna (Polish for "Pole Star") is "America's oldest independent Polish-language newspaper." It has been published since 1908 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin.
In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.
Harold Charles Schonberg (November 29, 1915 – July 26, 2003) was an American music critic and journalist, most notably for The New York Times.
Harriet Constance (1800–1854), most commonly known as Harriet Smithson, who also went by Henrietta Constance Smithson,, Murphy, Groghegan, 2015 p.196.
Frédéric Chopin's disease and the reason for his premature death at age 39 were frequently debated for over 150 years.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic.
Heitor Villa-Lobos (March 5, 1887November 17, 1959) was a Brazilian composer, described as "the single most significant creative figure in 20th-century Brazilian art music".
Henri Herz (6 January 1803 – 5 January 1888) was a pianist and composer, Austrian by birth and French by domicile.
Henry Roussel (1875–1946), also known as Henry Roussell, was a French silent film actor, film director and screenwriter best known for his silent films of the 1910s and 1920s.
Hexaméron, Morceau de concert S.392 is a collaborative composition for solo piano.
The Church of the Holy Cross (Bazylika Świętego Krzyża) is a Roman Catholic house of worship in Warsaw, Poland.
Hugh John Mungo Grant OBE (born 9 September 1960) is an English actor and film producer.
Ignacy Jan Paderewski (– 29 June 1941) was a Polish pianist and composer, politician, statesman and spokesman for Polish independence.
Ignaz Friedman (also spelled Ignace or Ignacy; full name Solomon (Salomon) Isaac Freudman(n), שְׁלֹמֹה יִצְחָק פֿרײדמאַן; February 13, 1882January 26, 1948) was a Polish pianist and composer.
(Isaac) Ignaz Moscheles (23 May 1794 – 10 March 1870) was a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he joined his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as Professor of Piano at the Conservatoire.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
An impromptu (loosely meaning "offhand") is a free-form musical composition with the character of an ex tempore improvisation as if prompted by the spirit of the moment, usually for a solo instrument, such as piano.
Impromptu is a 1991 British-American period drama film directed by James Lapine, written by Sarah Kernochan, produced by Daniel A. Sherkow and Stuart Oken, and starring Hugh Grant as Frédéric Chopin and Judy Davis as George Sand.
Epitaph for heart of Frédéric Chopin in the Holy Cross Church, Warsaw The International Chopin Piano Competition (Polish: Międzynarodowy Konkurs Pianistyczny im. Fryderyka Chopina), often referred to as the Chopin Competition, is a piano competition held in Warsaw, Poland.
The International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP), also known as the Petrucci Music Library after publisher Ottaviano Petrucci, is a subscription-based project for the creation of a virtual library of public-domain music scores.
Introduction and Polonaise brillante in C major, Op.
Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz y Pascual (29 May 186018 May 1909) was a Spanish virtuoso pianist, composer, and conductor.
Italian opera is both the art of opera in Italy and opera in the Italian language.
Jack Gibbons (born 2 March 1962) is an English classical composer and virtuoso pianist.
James Shudi Broadwood (20 December 1772 – 8 August 1851) was a piano maker in Middlesex and a magistrate in Surrey.
Jan Ekier (29 August 1913 – 15 August 2014) was a Polish pianist and composer known for his authoritative edition of Chopin's music for the Polish National Edition.
Jan Edward Aleksander Matuszyński (14 December 1808 – 20 April 1842) was a Polish physician and friend, in Warsaw and Paris, of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
Jan Nepomucen Białobłocki (180631 March 1828, Sokołowo, Golub-Dobrzyń) was a childhood friend and correspondent of Polish-French composer Frédéric Chopin.
Jane Wilhelmina Stirling (15 July 1804 – 6 February 1859) was a Scottish amateur pianist who is best known as a student and later friend of Frédéric Chopin; two of his nocturnes are dedicated to her.
Józef Bohdan Zaleski (14 February 1802 in Bohatyrka, Kiev guberniya – 31 March 1886 in Villepreux, near Paris) was a Polish Romantic poet.
Józef Antoni Franciszek Elsner (sometimes Józef Ksawery Elsner; baptismal name, Joseph Anton Franz Elsner; 1 June 176918 April 1854) was a composer, music teacher, and music theoretician, active mainly in Warsaw.
Jean Cruveilhier (February 9, 1791 – March 7, 1874) was a French anatomist and pathologist.
Jeanne-Anaïs Castellan (real name Jeanne Anaïs Castel or Chastel), born in Beaujeu, Rhône on 26 October 1819, died in Paris 1861, was a French soprano.
Johanna Maria "Jenny" Lind (6 October 18202 November 1887) was a Swedish opera singer, often known as the "Swedish Nightingale".
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 177817 October 1837) was an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Field (26 July 1782, baptised 5 September 178223 January 1837) was an Irish pianist, composer, and teacher.
Johnstone Castle is a structure and former mansion in the town of Johnstone in Renfrewshire, Scotland.
Jonathan Bellman (born 1957) is a musicologist and pianist currently employed at the University of Northern Colorado.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
The Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine is an open peer-reviewed medical journal.
Julian (or Jules) Fontana (31 July 181023 December 1869) was a Polish pianist, composer, lawyer, author, translator, and entrepreneur, best remembered as a close friend and musical executor of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (6 February 1758, Skoki, near Brest – 21 May 1841, Paris) was a Polish poet, playwright and statesman.
The French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution (révolution de Juillet), Third French Revolution or Trois Glorieuses in French ("Three Glorious "), led to the overthrow of King Charles X, the French Bourbon monarch, and the ascent of his cousin Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans, who himself, after 18 precarious years on the throne, would be overthrown in 1848.
Karl Ferdinand Sohn (December 10, 1805 in Berlin – November 25, 1867 in Cologne) was a German painter of the Düsseldorf school of painting.
Karl Friedrich Lessing (15 February 1808 – 4 January 1880) was a German historical and landscape painter, grandnephew of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.
Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad (Karlsbad) is a spa town situated in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately west of Prague (Praha).
Karol Mikuli, often seen as Charles Mikuli (Կարոլ Միկուլի or Կարոլ Պստիկյան; 22 October 1821 – 21 May 1897) was a Polish pianist, composer, conductor and teacher.
Karol Maciej Szymanowski (3 October 188229 March 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist, the most celebrated Polish composer of the early 20th century.
The Kazimierz Palace (Pałac Kazimierzowski) is a building in Warsaw, Poland, adjacent to the Royal Route, at Krakowskie Przedmieście 26/28.
Kenneth Hamilton is a Scottish pianist and writer, known for virtuoso performances of Romantic music, especially Liszt, Alkan and Busoni.
Konstancja Gładkowska (1810–1889) was a Polish soprano.
Krakowskie Przedmieście (literally: Kraków suburb; Faubourg de Cracovie) is one of the best known and most prestigious streets of Poland's capital, surrounded by historic palaces, churches and manor-houses.
Krystian Zimerman (born 5 December 1956, Zabrze) is a Polish virtuoso pianist and conductor who has been hailed as one of the finest living pianists.
Krystyna Kobylańska (Brześć, Poland, 6 August 1925 – 30 January 2009, Milanówek, Poland) was a Polish musicologist, and former Curator of the Fryderyk Chopin Society Museum in Warsaw.
L'église de la Madeleine (Madeleine Church; more formally, L'église Sainte-Marie-Madeleine; less formally, just La Madeleine) is a Roman Catholic church occupying a commanding position in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.
Lancaster House (previously known as York House and Stafford House) is a mansion in the St James's district in the West End of London.
(Jacques-Victor) Léon Escudier (17 September 1821 – 22 June 1881) was a prominent French journalist, music critic and music publisher.
In music performance and notation, legato (Italian for "tied together"; French lié; German gebunden) indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Leonard Marconi (Warsaw, 6 October 1835 – 1 April 1899, Lviv) was a Polish and Austro-Hungarian architect and sculptor.
Les Sylphides is a short, non-narrative ballet blanc.
The lied (plural lieder;, plural, German for "song") is a setting of a German poem to classical music.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
The szlachta (szlachta) was a privileged social class in the Kingdom of Poland.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known as Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement.
Lorenzo Salvi (4 May 1810, Ancona – 16 January 1879, Bologna) was an Italian operatic tenor who had a major international opera career during the nineteenth century.
Lorraine (Lorrain: Louréne; Lorraine Franconian: Lottringe; German:; Loutrengen) is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est.
Louis-James-Alfred Lefébure-Wely (13 November 1817 – 31 December 1869) was a French organist and composer.
Louis Moreau Gottschalk (New Orleans, May 8, 1829 – Rio de Janeiro, December 18, 1869) was an American composer and pianist, best known as a virtuoso performer of his own romantic piano works.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Ludwika Jędrzejewicz (née Chopin; 6 April 1807 – 29 October 1855) was the elder sister of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
Luigi Cherubini (8 or 14 SeptemberWillis, in Sadie (Ed.), p. 833 1760 – 15 March 1842) was a Classical and pre-Romantic composer from Italy who spent most of his working life in France.
Luigi Lablache (6 December 179423 January 1858) was an Italian opera singer of French and Irish heritage.
The lyre (λύρα, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.
Mallorca, or Majorca, is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Maria Wodzińska (7 January 1819 – 7 December 1896) was a Polish artist who was once engaged to composer Frédéric Chopin.
Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad) is a spa town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic.
Marie Catherine Sophie, Comtesse d'Agoult (31 December 18055 March 1876), was a French romantic author, known also by her pen name, Daniel Stern.
Marietta Alboni (6 March 1826 – 23 June 1894) was a renowned Italian contralto opera singer.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Martha Argerich (born June 5, 1941) is an Argentine classical pianist.
Martha Goldstein (born Martha Svendsen; June 10, 1919 – February 14, 2014) was an American harpsichordist and pianist, who gave concerts in the United States, North Africa, the Middle East, and Europe.
Moritz Adolf Schlesinger (30 October 1798 in Berlin - 25 February 1871 in Baden-Baden), generally known during his French career as Maurice Schlesinger, was a German music editor.
Maurizio Pollini (born January 5, 1942) is an Italian classical pianist.
The mazurka (in Polish mazurek, plural mazurki) is a Polish folk dance in triple meter, usually at a lively tempo, and with "strong accents unsystematically placed on the second or third beat".
Over the years 1825–1849, Frédéric Chopin wrote at least 59 mazurkas for piano, based on the traditional Polish dance.
A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.
Michał Kleofas Ogiński (25 September 176515 October 1833)Don Michael Randel, The Harvard Bibliographical Dictionary of music, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p. 649.
George Michael Sinclair Kennedy CBE (19 February 1926 – 31 December 2014) was an English biographer, journalist and writer on classical music.
Michael Fokine (a French transliteration Michel Fokine; English transliteration Mikhail Fokin; Михаи́л Миха́йлович Фо́кин, Mikhaíl Mikháylovich Fokín) (– 22 August 1942) was a groundbreaking Russian choreographer and dancer.
The Midland Hotel is a grand hotel in Manchester, England.
Milanówek is a town and a seat of a separate commune in Poland.
The Waltz in D-flat major, Op. 64, No.
Mischa Scorer is an award-winning British documentary film-maker.
In the theory of Western music, a mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors.
Moritz (Maurice) Moszkowski (23 August 18544 March 1925) was a German- Polish-Jewish composer, pianist, and teacher of Polish descent on his paternal side.
Murray David Perahia KBE (born April 19, 1947) is an American concert pianist and conductor.
The Muses (/ˈmjuːzɪz/; Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.
Musical composition can refer to an original piece of music, either a song or an instrumental music piece, the structure of a musical piece, or the process of creating or writing a new song or piece of music.
The term musical form (or musical architecture) refers to the overall structure or plan of a piece of music; it describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections.
Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.
Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer.
Napoléon Henri Reber (21 October 1807, Mulhouse, Alsace – 24 November 1880, Paris) was a French composer.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Library of Poland (Biblioteka Narodowa) is the central Polish library, subject directly to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland.
A national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim to represent the identity, beliefs and principles of a particular national culture.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
In music theory, a Neapolitan chord (or simply a "Neapolitan") is a major chord built on the lowered (flatted) second (supertonic) scale degree.
Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 178227 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer.
Nicholas I (r; –) was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855.
Nicolas Chopin (in Mikołaj Chopin; 15 April 17713 May 1844) was a teacher of French language in Prussian- and Russian-ruled Poland, and father of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
Nikolai Nikolayevich Tcherepnin (Russian: Николай Николаевич Черепнин; – 26 June 1945) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor.
Nikolai Sergeyevich Zverev (Николай Серге́евич Зве́рев, sometimes transliterated Nikolai Zveref; 1832) was a Russian pianist and teacher known for his pupils Alexander Siloti, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Alexander Scriabin, Konstantin Igumnov, Alexander Goldenweiser, and others.
A nocturne (from the French which meant nocturnal, from Latin nocturnus) is usually a musical composition that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night.
The Chopin nocturnes consist of 21 pieces for solo piano written by Frédéric Chopin between 1827 and 1846.
Nohant-Vic is a commune in the Indre department in central France.
A nonchord tone (NCT), nonharmonic tone, or embellishing tone is a note (i.e., a pitch) in a piece of music or song that is not part of the implied or expressed chord set out by the harmonic framework.
The November Uprising (1830–31), also known as the Polish–Russian War 1830–31 or the Cadet Revolution, was an armed rebellion in the heartland of partitioned Poland against the Russian Empire.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
In musical composition, the opus number is the "work number" that is assigned to a composition, or to a set of compositions, to indicate the chronological order of the composer's production.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
Palma de Mallorca, frequently used name for the city of Palma, is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain.
A parody (also called a spoof, send-up, take-off, lampoon, play on something, caricature, or joke) is a work created to imitate, make fun of, or comment on an original work—its subject, author, style, or some other target—by means of satiric or ironic imitation.
Pauline Viardot (18 July 1821 – 18 May 1910) was a leading nineteenth-century French mezzo-soprano, pedagogue, and composer of Spanish descent.
Paul Pabst Russ: Pavel (15 May 1854 - 9 June 1897) was a pianist, composer, and Professor of Piano at Moscow Conservatory.
Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise,; formerly,, "Cemetery of the East") is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris, although there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs.
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium (the fibrous sac surrounding the heart).
In music, perpetuum mobile (Latin and English pronunciation /pəːˌpɛtjʊəm ˈməʊbɪleɪ, ˈməʊbɪli; literally, "perpetual motion"), moto perpetuo (Italian), mouvement perpétuel (French), movimento perpétuo (Portuguese) movimiento perpetuo (Spanish), carries two distinct meanings: first, as pieces or parts of pieces of music characterised by a continuous stream of notes, usually at a rapid tempo; and also as whole pieces, or large parts of pieces, which are to be played in a repititious fashion, often an indefinite number of times.
In music theory, a phrase (φράση) is a unit of musical meter that has a complete musical sense of its own, built from figures, motifs, and cells, and combining to form melodies, periods and larger sections.
A piano concerto is a type of concerto, a solo composition in the Classical music genre which is composed for a piano player, which is typically accompanied by an orchestra or other large ensemble.
The Piano Concerto No.
The Piano Concerto No.
Frédéric Chopin's Piano Sonata No.
Frédéric Chopin composed his Piano Sonata No.
Pierre Marie François de Sales Baillot (1 October 1771 – 15 September 1842) was a French violinist and composer born in Passy.
Pierre Blanchar (30 June 1892 – 21 November 1963) was a French actor.
Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmerman (17 March 178529 October 1853), known as Pierre Zimmermann and Joseph Zimmermann, was a French pianist, composer, and music teacher.
Place Vendôme is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens and east of the Église de la Madeleine.
Pleyel et Cie ("Pleyel and Company") was a French piano manufacturing firm founded by the composer Ignace Pleyel in 1807.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences or Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności), headquartered in Kraków, is one of two institutions in contemporary Poland having the nature of an academy of sciences.
Polski Słownik Biograficzny (PSB; Polish Biographical Dictionary) is a Polish-language biographical dictionary, comprising an alphabetically arranged compilation of authoritative biographies of some 25,000 notable Poles and of foreigners who have been active in Poland – famous as well as less well known persons, from Popiel, Piast Kołodziej and Mieszko I, at the dawn of Polish history, to persons who died in the year 2000.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The Polish Library in Paris (Bibliothèque Polonaise de Paris, Biblioteka Polska w Paryżu) is a Polish cultural centre of national importance and is closely associated both with the historic Great Emigration of the Polish élite to Paris in the 19th-century and the formation in 1832 of the Literary Society (Towarzystwo Literackie), later the Historical and Literary Society.
Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN; until 1991 Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe - National Scientific Publishers PWN, PWN) is a Polish book publisher, founded in 1951.
Although Frédéric Chopin is best known for his works for piano solo, among his extant output are 19 songs for voice and piano, set to Polish texts.
The polonaise (polonez) is a dance of Polish origin, in 4 time.
The Polonaise in A major, Op.
Most of Frédéric Chopin's polonaises were written for solo piano.
Pomerania (Pomorze; German, Low German and North Germanic languages: Pommern; Kashubian: Pòmòrskô) is a historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, split between Germany and Poland.
A prelude (Präludium or Vorspiel; praeludium; prélude; preludio) is a short piece of music, the form of which may vary from piece to piece.
Frédéric Chopin wrote a number of preludes for piano solo.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Armand Georg Raoul (von) Koczalski (3 January 1884Gregor Benko, liner notes to The Complete Raoul von Koczalski, Vol. 2, Marston Records, 2015. in Warsaw – 24 November 1948 in Poznań) was a Polish pianist and composer, who fulfilled his promise (first shown as a child prodigy) to become a leading pianist.
Renfrewshire (Siorrachd Rinn Friù, Renfrewshire) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The was a weekly musical review founded in 1827 by the Belgian musicologist, teacher and composer François-Joseph Fétis, then working as professor of counterpoint and fugue at the Conservatoire de Paris.
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.
Roberto Prosseda (born 1975) is an Italian classical pianist.
Romantic music is a period of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
The Rondo in C minor, Op.
The Rothschild family is a wealthy Jewish family descending from Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), a court factor to the German Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel in the Free City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire, who established his banking business in the 1760s. Unlike most previous court factors, Rothschild managed to bequeath his wealth and established an international banking family through his five sons, who established themselves in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, and Naples. The family was elevated to noble rank in the Holy Roman Empire and the United Kingdom. During the 19th century, the Rothschild family possessed the largest private fortune in the world, as well as the largest private fortune in modern world history.The House of Rothschild: Money's prophets, 1798–1848, Volume 1, Niall Ferguson, 1999, page 481-85The Secret Life of the Jazz Baroness, from The Times 11 April 2009, Rosie Boycott The family's wealth was divided among various descendants, and today their interests cover a diverse range of fields, including financial services, real estate, mining, energy, mixed farming, winemaking and nonprofits.The Rothschilds: Portrait of a Dynasty, By Frederic Morton, page 11 The Rothschild family has frequently been the subject of conspiracy theories, many of which have antisemitic origins.
This "quartier" of Paris got its name from the rue de la Chaussée-d'Antin in the 9th arrondissement of Paris.
The Salle Pleyel (French: Pleyel Hall) is a concert hall in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France.
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
Sanniki (1943–1945, German Sannikau) is a town in Gostynin County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
The Saxon Palace (pałac Saski w Warszawie) was one of the most distinctive buildings in prewar Warsaw, Poland.
Sébastien Érard (born Sebastian Erhard, 5 April 1752 – 5 August 1831) was a French instrument maker of German origin who specialised in the production of pianos and harps, developing the capacities of both instruments and pioneering the modern piano.
A scherzo (plural scherzos or scherzi), in western classical music, is a short composition -- sometimes a movement from a larger work such as a symphony or a sonata.
The Scherzo No.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (sʲɪˈrɡʲej ˈpavɫovʲɪtɕ ˈdʲæɡʲɪlʲɪf; 19 August 1929), usually referred to outside Russia as Serge Diaghilev, was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.
Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.
Sergei Ivanovich Taneyev (Серге́й Ива́нович Тане́ев, Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev,; –) was a Russian composer, pianist, teacher of composition, music theorist and author.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
Sonata (Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare, "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung.
A sonnet is a poem in a specific form which originated in Italy; Giacomo da Lentini is credited with its invention.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
The Square d'Orléans (also known as the cité des Trois-Frères), is a residential square in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, at 80, rue Taitbout.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
Stefan Witwicki (September 13, 1801April 15, 1847) was a Polish poet of the Romantic period.
The Symphony No.
Szafarnia is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Radomin, within Golub-Dobrzyń County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
Tempo rubato ("free in the presentation", Italian for "stolen time") is a musical term referring to expressive and rhythmic freedom by a slight speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece at the discretion of the soloist or the conductor.
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a chronic disorder of the nervous system characterized by recurrent, unprovoked focal seizures that originate in the temporal lobe of the brain and last about one or two minutes.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
Ternary form, sometimes called song form, is a three-part musical form where the first section (A) is repeated after the second section (B) ends.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hallé is an English symphony orchestra based in Manchester, England.
The Musical Quarterly is the oldest academic journal on music in America.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Well-Tempered Clavier, BWV 846–893, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, composed for solo keyboard by Johann Sebastian Bach.
In music, the third factor of a chord is the note or pitch two scale degrees above the root or tonal center.
Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Tytus Sylwester Woyciechowski (31 December 1808 in Lemberg, Galicia – 23 March 1879 in Poturzyn, now Poland) was a Polish political activist, agriculturalist and patron of art.
The University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski, Universitas Varsoviensis), established in 1816, is the largest university in Poland.
Valldemossa is a village and municipality on the island of Majorca, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands.
Frédéric Chopin's Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" for piano and orchestra, Op.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer,Lippmann and McGuire 1998, in Sadie, p. 389 who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania".
A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.
Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy (Влади́мир Дави́дович Ашкена́зи, Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazi; born 6 July 1937) is an internationally recognized solo pianist, chamber music performer, and conductor.
Vladimir Samoylovich Horowitz (r; r; November 5, 1989)Schonberg, 1992 was a Russian-born American classical pianist and composer.
The waltz is a ballroom and folk dance, normally in time, performed primarily in closed position.
Frédéric Chopin’s waltzes are pieces of moderate length adhering to the traditional 3/4 waltz time, but are remarkably different from the earlier Viennese waltzes in that they were not designed for dancing but for concert performance.
Wanda Aleksandra Landowska (5 July 1879 – 16 August 1959) was a Polish-French harpsichordist whose performances, teaching, recordings and writings played a large role in reviving the popularity of the harpsichord in the early 20th century.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The Warsaw Lyceum (Liceum Warszawskie; Königlich-Preußisches Lyzäum zu Warschau) was a secondary school that existed in Warsaw, under the Kingdom of Prussia and under the Kingdom of Poland, from 1804 to its closing in 1831 by Imperial Russia following the Polish November 1830 Uprising.
Wilhelm Würfel, aka Wenzel Würfel (Václav Vilém Würfel, Wilhelm Wacław Würfel; May 6, 1790 - March 23, 1832) was a Czech composer, pianist and conductor.
William Makepeace Thackeray (18 July 1811 – 24 December 1863) was a British novelist and author.
Wojciech Żywny (Vojtěch Živný; May 13, 1756February 21, 1842) was a Czech-born Polish pianist, violinist, teacher and composer.
Wojciech Grzymała (23 April 1793 - 16 December 1871), also known as Albert Grzymala or Albert Grzymała, was a Polish soldier, politician and banker who was a close associate in Paris of Polish-French composer Frédéric Chopin.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Franz Xaver Scharwenka (6 January 1850 – 8 December 1924) was a German pianist, composer and teacher of Bohemian-Polish descent.
Zdzisław Jachimecki (Lwów, 7 July 1882 – 27 October 1953, Kraków) was a Polish historian of music, composer, professor at the Jagiellonian University and the Kraków Music Academy, and member of the Polish Academy of Learning.
The 16th arrondissement of Paris (XVIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
Chopin, Chopin's, Chopin's heart, Chopin, Frederic Francois, Chopin, Frédéric, Chopin, Frédéric François, Death and funeral of Frédéric Chopin, F. Chopin, F. F. Chopin, F.F. Chopin, F.F.Chopin, Federico Chopin, Franciszek Chopin, Francois Chopin, François Chopin, Frederic Chopin, Frederic Francois Chopin, Frederic François Chopin, Frederic-Francois Chopin, Frederick Chopin, Frederik Chopin, Fredrick Chopin, Fryderyk Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen, Fryderyk Szopen, Fryderyk-Franciszek Chopin, Fréderic Chopin, Frédric Chopin, Frédéric François Chopin, Frédéric-François Chopin, Frédérick Chopin, Show-pan, Szopen, Tekla Justyna Krzyzanowska, Tekla Justyna Krzyżanowska, The Story of Chopin.