Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days.
Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is a medical condition involving the death of tubular epithelial cells that form the renal tubules of the kidneys.
Azotemia (azot, "nitrogen" + -emia, "blood condition") is a medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds) in the blood.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
Creatinine (or; from flesh) is a breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscle, and is usually produced at a fairly constant rate by the body (depending on muscle mass).
A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine.
Oliguria or hypouresis (both names from roots meaning "not enough urine") is the low output of urine.
The urinary indices are the fractional sodium excretion (FENa) index and the renal failure index (RFI).
Renal function, in nephrology, is an indication of the kidney's condition and its role in renal physiology.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Urine flow rate or urinary flow rate is the volumetric flow rate of urine during urination.