78 relations: Age of Enlightenment, Albrecht von Haller, Amsterdam, Ancien Régime, Aulic Council, Bad Homburg Castle, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Battle of Lützen (1813), Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, Calvinism, Caroline of Hesse-Homburg, Casimir William of Hesse-Homburg, Confederation of the Rhine, Congress of Vienna, Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken, Ferdinand, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, Frankfurt, Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, Frederick IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick William, Prince of Solms-Braunfels, Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, French Revolution, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Friedrich Hölderlin, Friedrich Karl Kasimir von Creutz, Friedrich Karl von Moser, Geistesgeschichte, George III of the United Kingdom, German Confederation, German Confederation Constitution, German mediatization, Giessen, Gustav, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Hesse-Homburg, Holy Roman Empire, House of Hesse, Isaac von Sinclair, Jacob Kettler, Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, Johann Kaspar Lavater, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg, Landgravine Auguste of Hesse-Homburg, Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt, ..., Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, Leopold of Hesse-Homburg, List of rulers of Hesse, Louis Frederick II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Meisenheim, Michel Ney, Morganatic marriage, Napoleon, Neue Deutsche Biographie, Oberursel (Taunus), Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Pietism, Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel, Prince Christian of Hesse-Darmstadt, Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1783–1851), Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom, Princess Louise of Anhalt-Dessau (1798–1858), Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg, Rite of Strict Observance, Rosbach vor der Höhe, Sarre (department), Schlangenbad, Taunus, Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels, Voltaire. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Albrecht von Haller (also known as Albertus de Haller) (16 October 170812 December 1777) was a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist, encyclopedist, bibliographer and poet.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
The Aulic Council (Consilium Aulicum, Reichshofrat, literally meaning Court Council of the Empire) was one of the two supreme courts of the Holy Roman Empire, the other being the Imperial Chamber Court.
Bad Homburg Castle (Schloss Bad Homburg) is a castle and palace in the German city of Bad Homburg vor der Höhe.
Bad Homburg vor der Höhe is the district town of the Hochtaunuskreis, Hesse, Germany, on the southern slope of the Taunus, bordering among others Frankfurt am Main and Oberursel.
In the Battle of Lützen (German: Schlacht von Großgörschen, May 2, 1813), Napoleon I of France halted the advances of the Sixth Coalition after the French invasion of Russia and the massive French losses in the campaign.
The Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) is a German biographical encyclopedia covering persons related to the history of the Church, founded 1975 by Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Caroline of Hesse-Homburg (1771 – 1854) was the daughter of Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg and his wife, Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Casimir William of Hesse-Homburg (23 March 1690 in Weferlingen – 9 October 1726 in Hötensleben) was a prince of Hesse-Homburg.
The Confederation of the Rhine (Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin, but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Caroline of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (Henriette Caroline Christiane Louise; 9 March 1721 – 30 March 1774) was Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt by marriage to Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Ferdinand Heinrich Friedrich (26 April 1783 - 24 March 1866) was a German nobleman and the last landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Francis I (Franz Stefan, François Étienne; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions.
Francis II (Franz; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frederick II of Hesse-Homburg (Friedrich II.), also known as the Prince of Homburg (30 March 1633–24 January 1708) was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Frederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II von Hessen-Kassel) (14 August 1720 – 31 October 1785) was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) from 1760 to 1785.
Frederick IV Charles Louis William of Hesse-Homburg (15 April 1724 in Braunfels – 7 February 1751 in Bad Homburg), was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Frederick Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (13 June 1778 – 29 November 1819) was a hereditary prince of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, one of the constituent states of the German Confederation.
Frederick VI (30 July 1769 – 2 April 1829) reigned as Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1820 until his death in 1829.
Prince Frederick William of Solms-Braunfels (11 January 1696 in Braunfels – 24 February 1761, Braunfels) was the first Prince of Solms-Braunfels.
Frederick of Anhalt-Dessau (Dessau, 27 December 1769 – Dessau, 27 May 1814), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and heir to the principality (and from 1807 the duchy) of Anhalt-Dessau.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (2 July 1724 – 14 March 1803) was a German poet.
Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (20 March 1770 – 7 June 1843) was a German poet and philosopher.
Friedrich Karl Kasimir von Creutz (24 November 1724 - 6 September 1770) was a German poet, philosopher, writer and politician.
Baron Friedrich Karl von Moser Filseck (born 18 December 1723 in Stuttgart; died 11 November 1798 in Ludwigsburg) was a German jurist, state journalist and a politician.
Geistesgeschichte (from German Geist, "spirit", and Geschichte, "history", "science") is a concept in the history of ideas denoting the branch of study concerned with the undercurrents of cultural manifestations, within the history of a people, that are peculiar to a specific timeframe.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German-speaking states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.
The German Confederation Constitution (Deutscher Bund Verfassung), was the constitution enacted the day before the Congress of Vienna's Final Act, which established the German Confederation of 38 states, created from the previous 360 states of the Holy Roman Empire, under the presidency of the Emperor of Austria.
German mediatization (deutsche Mediatisierung) was the major territorial restructuring that took place between 1802 and 1814 in Germany and the surrounding region by means of the mass mediatization and secularization of a large number of Imperial Estates.
Giessen, spelled Gießen in German, is a town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of both the district of Giessen and the administrative region of Giessen.
Gustav, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (17 February 1781 – 8 September 1848) was landgrave of the German state of Hesse-Homburg from 1846 to 1848.
Hesse-Homburg was formed into a separate landgraviate in 1622 by the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; it was to be ruled by his son, although it did not become independent of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1668.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The House of Hesse is a European dynasty, directly descended from the House of Brabant, and it ruled the region of Hesse, with one branch as prince electors until 1866, and another branch as grand dukes until 1918.
Isaac von Sinclair (3 October 1775 – 29 April 1815) was a German writer and diplomat.
Jacob Kettler (Jakob von Kettler) (28 October 1610 – 1 January 1682) was a Baltic German Duke of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (1642–1682).
Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert (16 November 1717 – 29 October 1783) was a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist.
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, 1st Comte Jourdan (29 April 1762 – 23 November 1833), enlisted as a private in the French royal army and rose to command armies during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Johann Kaspar (or Caspar) Lavater (15 November 1741 – 2 January 1801) was a Swiss poet, writer, philosopher, physiognomist and theologian.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Landgravine Christiane Amalie of Hesse-Homburg, full German name: Christiane Amalie, Landgräfin von Hessen-Homburg (29 June 1774, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, Holy Roman Empire – 3 February 1846, Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau) was a member of the House of Hesse-Homburg and a Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by birth.
Landgravine Auguste Fredericka of Hesse-Homburg (full German name: Auguste Friederike, Landgräfin von Hessen-Homburg; 28 November 1776, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, Holy Roman Empire – 1 April 1871, Ludwigslust, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin), was a member of the House of Hesse and a Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by birth.
Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (2 March 1746, Buchsweiler – 18 September 1821, Homburg) was Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg by marriage to Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, 1st Marquis of Gouvion-Saint-Cyr (13 April 1764 – 17 March 1830) was a French commander in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars who rose to Marshal of France and Marquis.
Leopold Victor Friedrich of Hesse-Homburg (10 February 1787 - 2 May 1813) was a prince of Hesse-Homburg.
This is a list of rulers of Hesse (Hessen) during the history of Hesse on west-central Germany.
Louis Frederick II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (Rudolstadt, 9 August 1767 – Rudolstadt, 28 April 1807) was from 1793 to 1807 reigning Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (Ludwig) (15 December 1719 – 6 April 1790) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1768 - 1790.
Louis VIII (German: Ludwig) (5 April 1691 – 17 October 1768) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1739 to 1768.
Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (29 August 1770 in Homburg – 19 January 1839 in Luxembourg), was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1829 until his death.
Meisenheim is a town in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Marshal of the Empire Michel Ney, 1st Duke of Elchingen, 1st Prince of the Moskva (10 January 1769 – 7 December 1815), popularly known as Marshal Ney, was a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Morganatic marriage, sometimes called a left-handed marriage, is a marriage between people of unequal social rank, which in the context of royalty prevents the passage of the husband's titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB; literally New German Biography) is a biographical reference work.
Oberursel (Taunus) is a town in Germany and part of the Frankfurt Rhein-Main urban area.
Philip August Frederick Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (11 March 1779 in Homburg – 15 December 1846, ibid) was a field marshal in the imperial Austrian army.
Pietism (from the word piety) was an influential movement in Lutheranism that combined its emphasis on Biblical doctrine with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life.
Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel (Carl af Hessen-Kassel; Karl von Hessen-Kassel) (19 December 1744 – 17 August 1836) was a cadet member of the house of Hesse-Kassel and a Danish general field marshal.
Christian of Hessen-Darmstadt (25 November 1763, Bouxwiller - 17 April 1830, Darmstadt) was landgraf of the house of Hesse-Darmstadt and a Dutch general.
Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Karl von Preußen; 3 July 1783, Berlin – 28 September 1851, Berlin) was the son of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (22 May 1770 – 10 January 1840) was the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Louise Fredericka of Anhalt-Dessau (Luise Friederike von Anhalt-Dessau) (1 March 1798 – 11 June 1858) was a member of the House of Ascania and a Princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth.
Princess Marianne of Prussia, born Marie Anne Amalie, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg (13 October 1785, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe – 14 April 1846, Berlin) was a German noblewoman.
The Rite of Strict Observance was a Rite of Freemasonry, a series of progressive degrees that were conferred by the Order of Strict Observance, a Masonic body of the 18th century.
Rosbach vor der Höhe is a town in the district of Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany.
Sarre was a department created by the First French Republic and now part of Germany and Belgium.
Schlangenbad is a community in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany.
The Taunus is a mountain range in Hesse, Germany located north of Frankfurt.
Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels (1 May 1731 in Hungen, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt – 12 September 1792 in Bad Homburg) was a German regent, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by marriage to Frederick IV of Hesse-Homburg, and regent of Hesse-Homburg, on behalf of her minor son Frederick V Louis William Christian from 1751 to 1766.
François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.