159 relations: AdvFS, Android (operating system), Apache HTTP Server, Apache License, App Store (iOS), Appeal, Apple Inc., Backdoor (computing), Berkeley Software Distribution, Big data, Blender (software), Bruce Perens, BusyBox, Capitalism, Clang, Cloud computing, Commons-based peer production, Computer hardware, Computer program, Computer security, Computerworld, Copyleft, Copyright, Culture change, Data breach, Database, Debian, Debian Free Software Guidelines, DECUS, Democracy, Desktop computer, Device driver, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Digital Revolution, Digital rights management, Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology, Drizzle (database server), Drupal, Economic growth, Ecuador, Eric S. Raymond, European Commission, Executable, Facebook, Federal government of Brazil, Federal government of the United States, Firefox, FLOSS Manuals, FLOSS Weekly, Fork (software development), ..., Free and open-source graphics device driver, Free software, Free Software Foundation, Free software license, Free software movement, FreeBSD, GNU, GNU Affero General Public License, GNU Compiler Collection, GNU General Public License, GNU Lesser General Public License, GNU Manifesto, GNU Project, Google, Government of Peru, Graphical user interface, Group decision-making, Hacker culture, Harvard Law School, IBM, ICFOSS, InfoWorld, Interface (computing), International Space Station, Internet of things, ITunes, Java (software platform), Kerala, LiMux, Linus Torvalds, Linus's Law, Linux, Linux kernel, List of formerly proprietary software, List of free and open-source software packages, LWN.net, Malaysia, Malware, MariaDB, Market share, Microsoft, MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT Press, Mozilla Thunderbird, Munich, MySQL, MySQL AB, National Gendarmerie, Neoliberalism, NetBSD, Netscape, Netscape Communicator, O'Reilly Media, Online social movement, Open Source Initiative, Open-source license, Open-source model, Open-source software, Open-source software movement, OpenBSD, OpenDocument, Oracle America, Inc. v. Google, Inc., Oracle Corporation, Outline of free software, Percona, Permissive software licence, Politics of Jordan, Post-scarcity economy, Prioritization, Privacy, Privatization, Product bundling, Profit motive, Proprietary software, Public-domain software, Responsible disclosure, Reverse engineering, Richard Stallman, Samba (software), Server (computing), SHARE (computing), Social movement, Software, Software industry, Software relicensing, Source code, Stipulation, Sun Microsystems, The Cathedral and the Bazaar, The Free Software Definition, The Open Source Definition, The Register, Tim O'Reilly, Ubuntu (operating system), Uganda, United Space Alliance, United States, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, UNIX System Laboratories, Inc. v. Berkeley Software Design, Inc., User (computing), Venezuela, VLC media player, Vulnerability (computing), White hat (computer security), White House, Workaround, Xcode, Yochai Benkler, 386BSD. Expand index (109 more) » « Shrink index
AdvFS, also known as Tru64 UNIX Advanced File System, is a file system developed in the late 1980s to mid-1990s by Digital Equipment Corporation for their OSF/1 version of the Unix operating system (later Digital UNIX/Tru64 UNIX).
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The Apache HTTP Server, colloquially called Apache, is a free and open-source cross-platform web server, released under the terms of Apache License 2.0.
The Apache License is a permissive free software license written by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF).
The App Store is a digital distribution platform, developed and maintained by Apple Inc., for mobile apps on its iOS operating system.
In law, an appeal is the process in which cases are reviewed, where parties request a formal change to an official decision.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
A backdoor is a method, often secret, of bypassing normal authentication or encryption in a computer system, a product, or an embedded device (e.g. a home router), or its embodiment, e.g. as part of a cryptosystem, an algorithm, a chipset, or a "homunculus computer" (such as that as found in Intel's AMT technology).
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Blender is a professional, free and open-source 3D computer graphics software toolset used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D printed models, interactive 3D applications and video games.
Bruce Perens (born Oct 24, 1957) is an American computer programmer and advocate in the free software movement.
BusyBox is software that provides several stripped-down Unix tools in a single executable file.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Clang is a compiler front end for the programming languages C, C++, Objective-C, Objective-C++, OpenMP, OpenCL, and CUDA.
Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.
Commons-based peer production (CBPP) is a term coined by Harvard Law School professor Yochai Benkler.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
Computerworld is a publication website and digital magazine for information technology (IT) and business technology professionals.
Copyleft (a play on the word copyright) is the practice of offering people the right to freely distribute copies and modified versions of a work with the stipulation that the same rights be preserved in derivative works down the line.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Culture change is a term used in public policy making that emphasizes the influence of cultural capital on individual and community behavior.
A data breach is the intentional or unintentional release of secure or private/confidential information to an untrusted environment.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
The Debian Free Software Guidelines (DFSG) is a set of guidelines that the Debian Project uses to determine whether a software license is a free software license, which in turn is used to determine whether a piece of software can be included in Debian.
The Digital Equipment Computer Users' Society (DECUS) was an independent computer user group related to Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
The Digital Revolution, also known as the Third Industrial Revolution, is the shift from mechanical and analogue electronic technology to digital electronics which began anywhere from the late 1950s to the late 1970s with the adoption and proliferation of digital computers and digital record keeping that continues to the present day.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology or "DG Connect" is a Directorate-General of the European Commission.
Drizzle is an abandoned free software/open source relational database management system (DBMS) that was forked from the now-defunct 6.0 development branch of the MySQL DBMS.
Drupal is a free and open source content-management framework written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Eric Steven Raymond (born December 4, 1957), often referred to as ESR, is an American software developer, author of the widely cited 1997 essay and 1999 book The Cathedral and the Bazaar and other works, and open-source software advocate.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
In computing, executable code or an executable file or executable program, sometimes simply referred to as an executable or binary, causes a computer "to perform indicated tasks according to encoded instructions," as opposed to a data file that must be parsed by a program to be meaningful.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
The federal government of Brazil is the national government of the Federative Republic of Brazil, a republic in South America divided in 26 states and a federal district.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
The FLOSS Manuals (FM) is a non-profit foundation founded in 2006 by Adam Hyde and based in the Netherlands.
FLOSS Weekly is a free and open-source software (FLOSS) themed netcast from the TWiT Network.
In software engineering, a project fork happens when developers take a copy of source code from one software package and start independent development on it, creating a distinct and separate piece of software.
A free and open-source graphics device driver is a software stack which controls computer-graphics hardware and supports graphics-rendering application programming interfaces (APIs) and is released under a free and open-source software license.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
A free software license is a notice that grants the recipient of a piece of software extensive rights to modify and redistribute that software.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
GNU is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software.
The GNU Affero General Public License is a free, copyleft license published by the Free Software Foundation in November 2007, and based on the GNU General Public License, version 3 and the Affero General Public License.
The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project supporting various programming languages.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
The GNU Manifesto was written by Richard Stallman and published in March 1985 in Dr. Dobb's Journal of Software Tools as an explanation and definition of the goals of the GNU Project, and to call for participation and support developing GNU, a free software computer operating system.
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Republic of Peru | nativename.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Group decision-making (also known as collaborative decision-making) is a situation faced when individuals collectively make a choice from the alternatives before them.
The hacker culture is a subculture of individuals who enjoy the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming limitations of software systems to achieve novel and clever outcomes.
Harvard Law School (also known as Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
International Centre for Free and Open Source Software (ICFOSS) is an autonomous organization set up by the Government of Kerala, India and having the combined mandate of popularizing Free and Open Source Software for universal use; consolidating the early FOSS work done in Kerala; and networking with different nations, communities and governments to collaboratively promote FOSS.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
In computing, an interface is a shared boundary across which two or more separate components of a computer system exchange information.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
LiMux was a project by the city of Munich in Germany to migrate local government software systems from closed-source, proprietary Microsoft products to free and open-source software.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Linus's Law is a claim about software development, named in honor of Linus Torvalds and formulated by Eric S. Raymond in his essay and book The Cathedral and the Bazaar (1999).
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.
This is a list of notable software packages which were published under a proprietary software license but later released as free software or open source software, or into the public domain.
This is a list of free and open-source software packages, computer software licensed under free software licenses and open-source licenses.
LWN.net is a computing webzine with an emphasis on free software and software for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
MariaDB is a community-developed fork of the MySQL relational database management system intended to remain free under the GNU GPL.
Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) is a research institute at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology formed by the 2003 merger of the Laboratory for Computer Science and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free and open-source cross-platform email client, news client, RSS and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
MySQL ("My S-Q-L") is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS).
MySQL AB was a Swedish software company founded in 1995.
The National Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie nationale) is one of two national police forces of France, along with the National Police.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
NetBSD is a free and open source Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.
Netscape Communicator (or Netscape 4) is a discontinued Internet suite produced by Netscape Communications Corporation, and was the fourth major release in the Netscape line of browsers.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
Online communities build off social movements, enabling the connection of persons worldwide to develop a base and gain awareness to the cause.
The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting open-source software.
An open-source license is a type of license for computer software and other products that allows the source code, blueprint or design to be used, modified and/or shared under defined terms and conditions.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
The open-source software movement is a movement that supports the use of open-source licenses for some or all software, a part of the broader notion of open collaboration.
OpenBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
The Open Document Format for Office Applications (ODF), also known as OpenDocument, is a ZIP-compressed XML-based file format for spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing documents.
Oracle America, Inc.
Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to free software and the free software movement: Free software – software which can be run, studied, examined, modified, and redistributed freely (without any cost).
Percona is the developer of a number of open source software projects for MySQL, MariaDB, MongoDB and RocksDB users.
A permissive software license, sometimes also called BSD-like or BSD-style license, is a free software software license with minimal requirements about how the software can be redistributed.
The politics of Jordan takes place in a framework of a parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Jordan is head of government, and of a multi-party system.
Post-scarcity is an economic theory in which most goods can be produced in great abundance with minimal human labor needed, so that they become available to all very cheaply or even freely.
Prioritization is the activity that arranges items or activities in order of importance relative to each other.
Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.
In marketing, product bundling is offering several products or services for sale as one combined product or service package.
In economics, the profit motive is the motivation of firms that operate so as to maximize their profits.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Public-domain software is software that has been placed in the public domain: in other words, there is absolutely no ownership such as copyright, trademark, or patent.
In computer security or elsewhere, responsible disclosure is a vulnerability disclosure model in which a vulnerability or issue is disclosed only after a period of time that allows for the vulnerability or issue to be patched or mended.
Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Samba is a free software re-implementation of the SMB/CIFS networking protocol, and was originally developed by Andrew Tridgell.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
SHARE Inc. is a volunteer-run user group for IBM mainframe computers that was founded in 1955 by Los Angeles-area users of the IBM 701 computer system.
A social movement is a type of group action.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
The software industry includes businesses for development, maintenance and publication of software that are using different business models, mainly either "license/maintenance based" (on-premises) or "Cloud based" (such as SaaS, PaaS, IaaS, MaaS, AaaS, etc.). The industry also includes software services, such as training, documentation, consulting and data recovery.
Software relicensing is applied in open-source software development when software licenses of software modules are incompatible and are required to be compatible for a greater combined work.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
In United States law, a stipulation is a formal legal acknowledgment and agreement made between opposing parties before a pending hearing or trial.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary (abbreviated CatB) is an essay, and later a book, by Eric S. Raymond on software engineering methods, based on his observations of the Linux kernel development process and his experiences managing an open source project, fetchmail.
The Free Software Definition written by Richard Stallman and published by Free Software Foundation (FSF), defines free software as being software that ensures that the end users have freedom in using, studying, sharing and modifying that software.
The Open Source Definition is a document published by the Open Source Initiative, to determine whether a software license can be labeled with the open-source certification mark.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
Tim O'Reilly (born 6 June 1954) is the founder of O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates).
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
United Space Alliance (USA) is a spaceflight operations company.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (Federal Circuit; in case citations, Fed. Cir. or C.A.F.C.) is a United States court of appeals headquartered in Washington, D.C. The court was created by Congress with passage of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982, which merged the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate division of the United States Court of Claims, making the judges of the former courts into circuit judges.
USL v. BSDi was a lawsuit brought in the United States in 1992 by Unix System Laboratories against Berkeley Software Design, Inc and the Regents of the University of California over intellectual property related to the Unix operating system.
A user is a person who utilizes a computer or network service.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.
In computer security, a vulnerability is a weakness which can be exploited by a Threat Actor, such as an attacker, to perform unauthorized actions within a computer system.
The term "white hat" in Internet slang refers to an ethical computer hacker, or a computer security expert, who specializes in penetration testing and in other testing methodologies to ensure the security of an organization's information systems.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
A workaround is a bypass of a recognized problem or limitation in a system.
Xcode is an integrated development environment (IDE) for macOS containing a suite of software development tools developed by Apple for developing software for macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS.
Yochai Benkler (born 1964) is an Israeli-American author and the Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School.
386BSD, sometimes called "Jolix", is a discontinued free Unix-like operating system based on BSD, first released in 1992.
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