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Freezing-point depression

Index Freezing-point depression

Freezing-point depression is the decrease of the freezing point of a solvent on addition of a non-volatile solute. [1]

48 relations: Ancient Greek, Antifreeze, Arctic, Boiling-point elevation, Calcium chloride, Charles Blagden, Chemical property, Colligative properties, Concentration, Cryoscopic constant, Deicing, Differential scanning calorimetry, Dissociation (chemistry), Ebullioscopic constant, Enthalpy, Entropy, Eutectic system, Evolution, Fish, Frigorific mixture, Glucose, Glycerol, Glycogen, Ideal solution, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Kelvin, List of boiling and freezing information of solvents, Magnesium chloride, Melting point, Melting-point apparatus, Melting-point depression, Molality, Molar mass, Naphthalene, Pitzer equations, Potassium acetate, Potassium formate, Rainbow smelt, Seawater, Snow removal, Sodium acetate, Sodium chloride, Sodium formate, Solution, Sorbitol, Spring peeper, Van 't Hoff factor, Vapor pressure.

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Antifreeze

An antifreeze is an additive which lowers the freezing point of a water-based liquid and increases its boiling point.

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Arctic

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

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Boiling-point elevation

Boiling-point elevation describes the phenomenon that the boiling point of a liquid (a solvent) will be higher when another compound is added, meaning that a solution has a higher boiling point than a pure solvent.

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Calcium chloride

Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.

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Charles Blagden

Sir Charles Brian Blagden FRS (17 April 1748 – 26 March 1820) was a British physician and scientist.

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Chemical property

A chemical property is any of a material's properties that becomes evident during, or after, a chemical reaction; that is, any quality that can be established only by changing a substance's chemical identity.

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Colligative properties

In chemistry, colligative properties are properties of solutions that depend on the ratio of the number of solute particles to the number of solvent molecules in a solution, and not on the nature of the chemical species present.

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Concentration

In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture.

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Cryoscopic constant

In thermodynamics, the cryoscopic constant, Kf, relates molality to freezing point depression (which is a colligative property).

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Deicing

De-icing is the process of removing snow, ice or frost from a surface.

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Differential scanning calorimetry

Differential scanning calorimetry, or DSC, is a thermoanalytical technique in which the difference in the amount of heat required to increase the temperature of a sample and reference is measured as a function of temperature.

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Dissociation (chemistry)

Dissociation in chemistry and biochemistry is a general process in which molecules (or ionic compounds such as salts, or complexes) separate or split into smaller particles such as atoms, ions or radicals, usually in a reversible manner.

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Ebullioscopic constant

In thermodynamics, the ebullioscopic constant, K_\mathrm b, relates molality b to boiling point elevation.

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Enthalpy

Enthalpy is a property of a thermodynamic system.

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Entropy

In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.

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Eutectic system

A eutectic system from the Greek "ευ" (eu.

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Evolution

Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

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Fish

Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Frigorific mixture

A frigorific mixture is a mixture of two or more phases in a chemical system that, so long as none of the phases is consumed during equilibration, reaches an equilibrium temperature that is independent of the starting temperature of the phases before they are mixed.

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Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

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Glycerol

Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.

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Glycogen

Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.

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Ideal solution

In chemistry, an ideal solution or ideal mixture is a solution with thermodynamic properties analogous to those of a mixture of ideal gases.

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Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society covering all aspects of chemical engineering.

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Kelvin

The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.

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List of boiling and freezing information of solvents

No description.

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Magnesium chloride

Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compound with the formula MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x.

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Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

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Melting-point apparatus

A melting-point apparatus is a scientific instrument used to determine the melting point of a substance.

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Melting-point depression

Melting-point depression is the phenomenon of reduction of the melting point of a material with reduction of its size.

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Molality

Molality, also called molal concentration, is a measure of the concentration of a solute in a solution in terms of amount of substance in a specified amount of mass of the solvent.

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Molar mass

In chemistry, the molar mass M is a physical property defined as the mass of a given substance (chemical element or chemical compound) divided by the amount of substance.

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Naphthalene

Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.

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Pitzer equations

Pitzer equations are important for the understanding of the behaviour of ions dissolved in natural waters such as rivers, lakes and sea-water.

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Potassium acetate

Potassium acetate (KCH3COO) is the potassium salt of acetic acid.

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Potassium formate

Potassium formate, HCO2K, is the potassium salt of formic acid.

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Rainbow smelt

The rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) is a species of fish of the family Osmeridae.

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Seawater

Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.

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Snow removal

Snow removal or snow clearing is the job of removing snow after a snowfall to make travel easier and safer.

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Sodium acetate

Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.

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Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.

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Sodium formate

Sodium formate, HCOONa, is the sodium salt of formic acid, HCOOH.

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Solution

In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.

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Sorbitol

Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.

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Spring peeper

The spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is a small chorus frog widespread throughout the eastern United States and Canada.

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Van 't Hoff factor

The van 't Hoff factor (named after Dutch chemist Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff) is a measure of the effect of a solute upon colligative properties such as osmotic pressure, relative lowering in vapor pressure, boiling-point elevation and freezing-point depression.

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Vapor pressure

Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system.

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Redirects here:

Beckman freezing apparatus, Beckman freezing point apparatus, Beckman freezing-point apparatus, Cryoscopic method, Cryoscopy, Freezing Point Depression, Freezing point depression.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freezing-point_depression

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