85 relations: Académie française, Academician, Academy of sciences, Alain Carpentier, Albert Auguste Cochon de Lapparent, Albert Caquot, Alfred Jost, Alfred Lacroix, Alfred Vulpian, Arago spot, Augustin-Jean Fresnel, École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon, Édouard Brézin, Émile Picard, Étienne-Émile Baulieu, Bernard Germain de Lacépède, Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Biology, Catherine Bréchignac, Chemistry, Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Dominique, comte de Cassini, François Arago, Free Press (publisher), French art salons and academies, French campaign in Egypt and Syria, French Geodesic Mission, French Second Republic, Georges Cuvier, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, Grande Médaille, Henri Becquerel, Henri Poincaré, Hubert Curien, Institut de France, Irène Joliot-Curie, Jacques Herbrand, Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, Jean Gallois, Jean Gaston Darboux, Jean Pierre Flourens, Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Jean-Baptiste du Hamel, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, Joseph Bertrand, Joseph Fourier, Jules A. Hoffmann, ..., Jules Jamin, Lalande Prize, Learned society, Leconte Prize, Light, Louis Bachelier Prize, Louis de Broglie, Louis Pasteur, Louis XIV of France, Louvre, Marcellin Berthelot, Marguerite Perey, Marie Curie, Marquis de Condorcet, Mathematics, Mathieu Tillet, Ministry of National Education (France), Napoleon, National Academy of Sciences, National Convention, Nicole Marthe Le Douarin, Odile Macchi, Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem, Philippe Taquet, Physics, Pierre Louis Dulong, Richard Lounsbery Award, Robert Courrier, Royal Society, Sébastien Candel, Scientific method, Siméon Denis Poisson, Sophie Germain, Valz Prize, Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat. Expand index (35 more) » « Shrink index
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.
An academician is a full member of an artistic, literary, or scientific academy.
An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded.
Alain Frédéric Carpentier M.D. Ph.D. (born 11 August 1933) is a French surgeon whom the President of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery calls the father of modern mitral valve repair.
Albert Auguste Cochon de Lapparent (30 December 18395 May 1908) was a French geologist.
Albert Irénée Caquot (1 July 1881 – 28 November 1976) was considered as the "best living French engineer" during half a century.
Alfred Jost (1916–1991) was a French endocrinologist, and an early researcher in the field of fetal endocrinology.
Antoine François Alfred Lacroix (4 February 186312 March 1948) was a French mineralogist and geologist.
Edmé Félix Alfred Vulpian (5 January 1826 – 18 May 1887) was a French physician and neurologist.
In optics, the Arago spot, Poisson spot, or Fresnel bright spot, is a bright point that appears at the center of a circular object's shadow due to Fresnel diffraction.
Augustin-Jean Fresnel (10 May 178814 July 1827) was a French civil engineer and physicist whose research in optics led to the almost unanimous acceptance of the wave theory of light, excluding any remnant of Newton's corpuscular theory, from the late 1830s until the end of the 19th century.
École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or CPE Lyon is a French engineering school, located in Villeurbanne, near Lyon.
Édouard Brézin (born 1 December 1938 Paris) is a French theoretical physicist.
Prof Charles Émile Picard FRS(For) FRSE (24 July 1856 – 11 December 1941) was a French mathematician.
Étienne-Émile Baulieu (born 12 December 1926) is a French biochemist and endocrinologist who is best known for his research in the field of steroid hormones and their role in reproduction and aging.
Bernard-Germain-Étienne de La Ville-sur-Illon, comte de Lacépède or La Cépède (26 December 17566 October 1825) was a French naturalist and an active freemason.
Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (11 February 16579 January 1757), also called Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle, was a French author and an influential member of three of the academies of the Institut de France, noted especially for his accessible treatment of scientific topics during the unfolding of the Age of Enlightenment.
The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Catherine Bréchignac (born 12 June 1946) is a French physicist.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (English: Proceedings of the Academy of sciences), or simply Comptes rendus, is a French scientific journal which has been published since 1666.
Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini (30 June 174818 October 1845) was a French astronomer, son of César-François Cassini de Thury.
Dominique François Jean Arago (Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago (Catalan: Francesc Aragó) (26 February 17862 October 1853), was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
Free Press was a book publishing imprint of Simon & Schuster.
From the seventeenth century to the early part of the twentieth century, artistic production in France was controlled by artistic academies which organized official exhibitions called salons.
The French Campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798–1801) was Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria, proclaimed to defend French trade interests, weaken Britain's access to British India, and to establish scientific enterprise in the region.
The French Geodesic Mission (also called the Geodesic Mission to Peru, Geodesic Mission to the Equator and the Spanish-French Geodesic Mission) was an 18th-century expedition to what is now Ecuador carried out for the purpose of measuring the roundness of the Earth and measuring the length of a degree of latitude at the Equator.
The French Second Republic was a short-lived republican government of France between the 1848 Revolution and the 1851 coup by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte that initiated the Second Empire.
Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric, Baron Cuvier (23 August 1769 – 13 May 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology".
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (7 September 1707 – 16 April 1788) was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopédiste.
The Grande Médaille of the French Academy of Sciences, established in 1997, is awarded annually to a researcher who has contributed decisively to the development of science.
Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the first person to discover evidence of radioactivity.
Jules Henri Poincaré (29 April 1854 – 17 July 1912) was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and philosopher of science.
Hubert Curien (30 October 1924 – 6 February 2005) was a French physicist and a key figure in European science politics, as the President of CERN Council (1994–1996), the first chairman of the European Space Agency (ESA) (1981–1984), and second President of the Academia Europæa and a President of Fondation de France.
The Institut de France (Institute of France) is a French learned society, grouping five académies, the most famous of which is the Académie française.
Irène Joliot-Curie (12 September 1897 – 17 March 1956) was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie.
Jacques Herbrand (12 February 1908 – 27 July 1931) was a French mathematician.
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre (19 September 1749 – 19 August 1822) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Jean Gallois (14 June 1632 – 9 April 1707) was a French scholar and abbé.
Jean-Gaston Darboux FAS MIF FRS FRSE (14 August 1842 – 23 February 1917) was a French mathematician.
Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (13 April 1794 – 6 December 1867), father of Gustave Flourens, was a French physiologist, the founder of experimental brain science and a pioneer in anesthesia.
Jean-Baptiste Armand Louis Léonce Élie de Beaumont (25 September 1798 – 21 September 1874) was a French geologist.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert (29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.
Jean-Baptiste Du Hamel, Duhamel or du Hamel (11 June 1624 – 6 August 1706) was a French cleric and natural philosopher of the late seventeenth century, and the first secretary of the Academie Royale des Sciences.
Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.
Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan (26 November 1678 – 20 February 1771) was a French geophysicist, astronomer and most notably, chronobiologist, was born in the town of Béziers on 26 November 1678.
Joseph Louis François Bertrand (11 March 1822 – 5 April 1900) was a French mathematician who worked in the fields of number theory, differential geometry, probability theory, economics and thermodynamics.
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations.
Jules A. Hoffmann (born 2 August 1941) is a Luxembourg-born French biologist.
Jules Célestin Jamin (31 May 1818, Termes, Ardennes – 12 February 1886) was a French physicist.
The Lalande Prize (French: Prix Lalande) was an award for scientific advances in astronomy, given from 1802 until 1970 by the French Academy of Sciences.
A learned society (also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organisation that exists to promote an academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the arts.
The Leconte Prize (French: Prix Leconte) is a prize created in 1886 by the French Academy of Sciences to recognize important discoveries in mathematics, physics, chemistry, natural history or medicine.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Louis Bachelier Prize is a biennial prize in applied mathematics jointly awarded by the London Mathematical Society, the Natixis Foundation for Quantitative Research and the Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et Industrielles (SMAI) in recognition for "exceptional contributions to mathematical modelling in finance, insurance, risk management and/or scientific computing applied to finance and insurance." The prize is named in honor of French mathematician Louis Bachelier, a pioneer in the field of probability and its use in financial modeling.
Louis Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie, duke de Broglie (or; 15 August 1892 – 19 March 1987) was a French physicist who made groundbreaking contributions to quantum theory.
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot FRS FRSE (25 October 1827 – 18 March 1907) was a French chemist and politician noted for the ThomsenendashBerthelot principle of thermochemistry.
Marguerite Catherine Perey (19 October 1909 – 13 May 1975) was a French physicist and a student of Marie Curie.
Marie Skłodowska Curie (born Maria Salomea Skłodowska; 7 November 18674 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity.
Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet (17 September 1743 – 29 March 1794), known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Mathieu Tillet (10 November 1714 Bordeaux - 13 December 1791) was a French botanist, agronomist, metallurgist and administrator.
The Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research (Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche), or simply "Ministry of National Education", as the title has changed no small number of times in the course of the Fifth Republic is the French government cabinet member charged with running France's public educational system and with the supervision of agreements and authorizations for private teaching organizations.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Convention (Convention nationale) was the first government of the French Revolution, following the two-year National Constituent Assembly and the one-year Legislative Assembly.
Nicole Marthe Le Douarin FMedSci (born 20 August 1930, Lorient, France) is a developmental biologist, famed for her studies of chimeras, which have led to critical insights regarding higher animal nervous and immune systems.
Odile Macchi (born Odile Danjou: 1943) is a French physicist and mathematician.
Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem (19 April 1839 – 28 April 1914) was a French botanist born in Baillleul in the département of Nord.
Philippe Taquet (b. April 25, 1940 Saint-Quentin, Aisne) is a French paleontologist who specializes in dinosaur systematics of finds primarily in northern Africa.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Pierre Louis Dulong FRS FRSE (12 February 1785 – 19 July 1838) was a French physicist and chemist.
The Richard Lounsbery Award is given to American and French scientists, 45 years or younger, in recognition of "extraordinary scientific achievement in biology and medicine." The Award alternates between French and American scientists, and is awarded by the National Academy of Sciences and the French Academy of Sciences in alternating years to a scientist from the other country.
Marie Jules Constant Robert Courrier ForMemRS (6 October 1895 – 13 March 1986) was a French biologist, and doctor.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Sébastien Candel (born 21 April 1946) is a French physicist, Emeritus Professor of École Centrale Paris, and the current President of the French Academy of Sciences (2017-2018).
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
Baron Siméon Denis Poisson FRS FRSE (21 June 1781 – 25 April 1840) was a French mathematician, engineer, and physicist, who made several scientific advances.
Marie-Sophie Germain (1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831) was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher.
The Valz Prize (Prix Valz) was awarded by the French Academy of Sciences, from 1877 through 1970, to honor advances in astronomy.
Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat (born 29 December 1923 in Lille) is a French mathematician and physicist.
Academie Des Sciences, Academie Francaise des Sciences, Academie Royal des Sciences, Academie Royale des Sciences, Academie de Sciences, Academie des Sciences, Academie des sciences, Academy of Science of France, Academy of Sciences (France), Academy of Sciences of Paris, Académie Française des Sciences, Académie Royal des Sciences, Académie Royale des Sciences, Académie de Sciences, Académie des Sciences, Académie des sciences, Académie des sciences (France), Académie royale des Sciences, Académie royale des sciences, French Academy of Science, French Académie des sciences, French Royal Academy of Science, French Royal Academy of Sciences, French academy of Sciences, French academy of sciences, Michel Monpetit Award, National Institute of Sciences and Arts, Paris Academy, Paris Academy of Science, Paris Academy of Sciences, Prix Michel Monpetit, Prix Michel Montpetit.