294 relations: Abolitionism, Air Caraïbes, Air France, Albina, Suriname, Alicia Aylies, All-terrain vehicle, Aluku, Amapá, Amazon rainforest, Americas, Amphibian, Apatou, Arawak, Arawakan languages, Arbitration, Ariane 4, Ariane 5, Arianespace, Arrondissement of Cayenne, Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, Arrondissements of the Guyane department, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic slave trade, Awala-Yalimapo, Awara broth, Électricité de France, Élie Castor, Île-de-France, Îles du Connétable, Belém, Belize, Bellevue de l'Inini, Biodiversity, Biodiversity hotspot, Borneo, Brazil, British Guiana, Cacao, French Guiana, Camopi, Carib language, Caribbean, Caribbean Hindustani, Cash crop, Catholic Church, Cayenne, Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, Ceuta, Charles de Gaulle, Christiane Taubira, CNES, ..., Collectivity of Saint Martin, Communes of France, Communes of the Guyane department, CONCACAF, Dégrad des Cannes, Departmental council (France), Departments of France, Devil's Island, Devil's 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Party, Guyana, Habitat fragmentation, Haiti, Haitian Creole, Haitians, Hakka Chinese, Head of state, Henri Charrière, Hmong language, Hmong people, Human impact on the environment, Hydroelectricity, Index of French Guiana-related articles, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous peoples of South America, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indo-Caribbeans, Inini, Inselberg, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, International Monetary Fund, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Intertropical Convergence Zone, Iracoubo, Justin Catayée, Kalina people, Köppen climate classification, Kourou, Laos, Léon Damas, Léopold Héder, Leatherback sea turtle, Lebanese people, Ligue d'Athlétisme de la Guyane, Ligue de Football de la Guyane, Liming (soil), List of colonial and departmental heads of French Guiana, List of national parks of France, Lists of countries by GDP per capita, Livestock, Lonely Planet, Lucie Décosse, Macapá, Macouria, Mahury, Mainland China, Malia Metella, Mana, Mana, French Guiana, Mangrove, Maripasoula, Market garden, Maroni (river), Maroon (people), Marowijne District, Martinique, Matoury, Melilla, Member of parliament, Metropolitan France, Mineral, Montsinéry-Tonnegrande, National Assembly (France), National Gendarmerie, National Police (France), Nature reserve, Ndyuka language, Nitrogen, Old-growth forest, Organic matter, Orly Airport, Ouanary, Overseas Chinese, Overseas collectivity, Overseas department, Overseas France, Overseas region, Oyapock, Oyapock River Bridge, Palikúr language, Palikur, Pan American Sports Organization, Papaïchton, Papillon (1973 film), Papillon (book), Paris Fire Brigade, Patrick O'Brian, Penal colony, Per capita, Petit-Saut Dam, PH, Pied-Noir, Poaching, Pointe-à-Pitre, Polder, Port-au-Prince, Portugal, Portuguese conquest of French Guiana, Portuguese Empire, Portuguese language, Portuguese people, Potassium, Prefect (France), Prefectures in France, President of 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University of Stirling, Véronique (rocket), Venezuela, Vietnamese people, Waki (river), Wayampi, Wayampi language, Wayana, Wayana language, Wetland, World War II, Zhejiang, .fr, .gf, 2017 Caribbean Cup, 2017 social unrest in French Guiana, 2nd parallel north, 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, 51st meridian west, 55th meridian west, 6th parallel north, 9th Marine Infantry Regiment. 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Abolitionism is a general term which describes the movement to end slavery.
Air Caraïbes is a French airline and is the regional airline of the French Caribbean which comprises two overseas departments of France: Guadeloupe and Martinique.
Air France (formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France.
Albina is a town in eastern Suriname, and is capital of the Marowijne District.
Alicia Aylies (born 21 April 1998) is a French model and beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss France 2017.
An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler or quadricycle as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steering control.
Aluku is a Bushinengue ethnic group living mainly on the riverbank in Maripasoula in southwest French Guiana.
Amapá is a state located in the northern region of Brazil.
The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; Forêt amazonienne; Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
Apatou is a commune in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France in South America.
The Arawak are a group of indigenous peoples of South America and of the Caribbean.
Arawakan (Arahuacan, Maipuran Arawakan, "mainstream" Arawakan, Arawakan proper), also known as Maipurean (also Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúre), is a language family that developed among ancient indigenous peoples in South America.
Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts.
The Ariane 4 was an expendable launch system, designed by the Centre national d'études spatiales while being manufactured and marketed by its subsidiary Arianespace.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Arianespace SA is a multinational company founded in 1980 as the world's first commercial launch service provider.
The arrondissement of Cayenne is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region.
The arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region.
The 2 arrondissements of the Guyane department are.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas.
Awala-Yalimapo is a commune on the north coast of French Guiana, close to the border with Suriname.
Awara broth, (Bouillon d'awara in French) and (Bouyon wara in Guianan Creole), is a typical guianan creole dish, made up of many ingredients associated with dough of the fruit of Awara, reduced at length beforehand in a pot.
Électricité de France S.A. (EDF; Electricity of France) is a French electric utility company, largely owned by the French state.
Élie Castor (born April 28, 1943 in Cayenne, French Guiana, and died June 16, 1996 in Clermont Ferrand, France) was a politician from French Guiana who served in the French National Assembly from 1981-1993, representing the Guianese Socialist Party.
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
The Îles du Connétable (Constable Islands) are two islands within French Guiana (Grand Connétable and Petit Connétable) that were claimed under the Guano Islands Act of 1856 for the United States of America.
Belém (Portuguese for Bethlehem), is a Brazilian city, the capital and largest city of the state of Pará in the country's north.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Bellevue de l'Inini, also known as Mont Bellevue, Montagne Bellevue, and Montagne Bellevue de l'Inini, is the highest point of French Guiana, an overseas department of France, with an elevation of 851 metres (2,792 ft).
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
British Guiana was the name of the British colony, part of the British West Indies (Caribbean), on the northern coast of South America, now known as the independent nation of Guyana.
Cacao is a town in French Guiana, lying on the Comté river to the south of Cayenne.
Camopi is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Carib or Kari'nja is a Cariban language spoken by the Kalina people (Caribs) of South America.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Caribbean Hindustani is an Indo-Aryan language spoken as a lingua franca by Indo-Caribbeans and the Indo-Caribbean diaspora.
A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cayenne is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport (Aéroport de Cayenne – Félix Eboué) is French Guiana's main international airport.
Ceuta (also;; Berber language: Sebta) is an Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa, separated by 14 kilometres from Cadiz province on the Spanish mainland by the Strait of Gibraltar and sharing a 6.4 kilometre land border with M'diq-Fnideq Prefecture in the Kingdom of Morocco.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Christiane Taubira or Christiane Taubira-Delannon (born 2 February 1952, Cayenne, French Guiana) is a French politician who on 15 May 2012, was appointed Minister of Justice of France in the Ayrault Government under President François Hollande.
The Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES) (English: National Centre for Space Studies) is the French government space agency (administratively, a "public administration with industrial and commercial purpose").
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies in the Caribbean.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
The following is a list of the 22 communes of the Guyane overseas department of France.
The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF,; typeset for branding purposes since 2018 as Concacaf) is the continental governing body for association football (soccer) in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region.
Dégrad des Cannes is the main seaport for the French Overseas department of French Guiana, situated in the northern edge of South America and opening into the Caribbean.
The departmental councils (French: conseil départemental) of France are assemblies of the departments, elected by universal suffrage.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
The penal colony of Cayenne (French: Bagne de Cayenne), commonly known as Devil's Island (Île du Diable), was a French penal colony that operated in the 19th and 20th century in the Salvation's Islands of French Guiana.
Devil's Island (French: Île du Diable) is the third-largest island of the Salvation's Islands, an island group in the Atlantic Ocean.
The Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission.
Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.
The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.
The Emerillon (or Emerilon, Emerion, Mereo, Melejo, Mereyo, Teco) - now called Teko, using their own denomination - are a Tupi–Guarani-speaking people in French Guiana living on the banks of the Camopi and Tampok rivers.
Emerillon (alternate names Emerilon, Emerion, Mereo, Melejo, Mereyo, Teco) is a Tupi–Guarani language spoken in French Guiana on the rivers Camopi and Tampok.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
Adolphe Sylvestre Félix Éboué (1 January 1884 – 17 March 1944) was a Black French Guianan-born colonial administrator and Free French leader.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
Florent Johan Malouda (born 13 June 1980) is a French Guianese professional footballer who plays as a left winger.
Fort-de-France is the capital of France's Caribbean overseas department of Martinique.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
The French Athletics Federation (Fédération française d'athlétisme - FFA), is the governing body for the sport of athletics in France.
The French Foreign Legion (Légion étrangère) (FFL; Légion étrangère, L.É.) is a military service branch of the French Army established in 1831.
The French Guiana Honor Division is the top football league in French Guiana.
The French Guiana national football team (sélection de Guyane de football) is the regional team of the French overseas department and region of French Guiana and is controlled by the Ligue de Football de Guyane, the local branch of Fédération Française de Football.
French Guinea (Guinée française) was a French colonial possession in West Africa.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French National Olympic and Sports Committee (Comité national olympique et sportif français, CNOSF) is the National Olympic Committee of France.
The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The term French West Indies or French Antilles (Antilles françaises) refers to the seven territories currently under French sovereignty in the Antilles islands of the Caribbean.
Gadwin Springer (born April 4, 1993) is a French rugby league footballer who plays for the Castleford Tigers in the Super League.
Gaston Monnerville (2 January 1897 – 7 November 1991) was a French politician and lawyer.
Gold mining is the resource extraction of gold by mining.
Gold prospecting is the act of searching for new gold deposits.
Grand-Santi is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
The Grenelle de l'environnement is an open multi-party debate in France that brings together representatives of national and local government and organizations (industry, labour, professional associations, non-governmental organizations) on an equal footing, with the goal of unifying a position on a specific theme.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Guayana Esequiba is a territory administered by Guyana and claimed by Venezuela.
The Guayana Region is an administrative region of eastern Venezuela.
Guiana Amazonian Park (Parc amazonien de Guyane) is the largest National Park of France, aiming at protecting part of the Amazonian forest located in French Guiana.
The Guiana Shield is one of the three cratons of the South American Plate.
The Guiana Space Centre or, more commonly, Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French and European spaceport to the northwest of Kourou in French Guiana.
French Guianan Creole or Guianan Creole is a French-based creole language spoken in French Guiana, and to a lesser degree, in Suriname and Guyana.
The Guianese Socialist Party (Parti socialiste guyanais, PSG) is a political party in the French overseas région of French Guiana, in South America.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities (fragmentation) in an organism's preferred environment (habitat), causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen,; créole haïtien) is a French-based creole language spoken by 9.6–12million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians.
Haitians (French: Haïtiens, Haitian: Ayisyen) are people affiliated with Haiti.
Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Henri Charrière (16 November 1906 – 29 July 1973) was a French writer, convicted as a murderer by the French courts.
Hmong (RPA: Hmoob) or Mong (RPA: Moob), known as First Vernacular Chuanqiandian Miao in China, is a dialect continuum of the West Hmongic branch of the Hmongic languages spoken by the Hmong of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, northern Vietnam, Thailand, and Laos.
The Hmong/Mong (RPA: Hmoob/Moob) are an indigenous people in Asia.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
Articles related to the French overseas department of Guiana (Région Guyane) include.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
The indigenous peoples of South America are the Pre-Columbian peoples of South America and their descendants. These peoples contrast with South Americans of European ancestry. In Spanish, indigenous people are often referred to as indígenas or pueblos indígenas (lit. indigenous peoples). They may also be called pueblos nativos or nativos (lit. native peoples). The term aborigen (lit. aborigine) is used in Argentina, and pueblos aborígenes (lit. aboriginal peoples) is commonly used in Chile. The English term "Amerindian" (short for "Indians of the Americas") is often used in the Guianas. People of mixed European and indigenous descent are usually referred to as mestizos. It is believed that the first human populations of South America either arrived from Asia into North America via the Bering Land Bridge, and migrated southwards or alternatively from Polynesia across the Pacific. The earliest generally accepted archaeological evidence for human habitation in South America dates to 14,000 years ago, the Monte Verde site in Southern Chile. The descendents of these first inhabitants would become the indigenous populations of South America. Before the Spanish colonization of the Americas, many of the indigenous peoples of South America were hunter-gatherers, and indeed many still are, especially in the Amazonian area. Others, especially the Andean cultures, practised sophisticated agriculture, utilized advanced irrigation and kept domesticated livestock, such as llamas and alpacas. In the period after the initial arrival of Europeans in 1492 the indigenous population of South America fell rapidly due to a variety of factors, such as disease and warfare. In the present day, there are two South American countries where indigenous peoples constitute the largest ethnic group. These are Peru, where 45% are indigenous, and Bolivia, where 62% of people identify as feeling a part of some indigenous group. South American indigenous peoples include.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Indo-Caribbeans are Caribbean people with roots in the Indian subcontinent.
Inini was an inland territory of French Guiana, administered separately between 6 July 1930 and 19 March 1946, after which all of French Guiana became a department of France.
An inselberg or monadnock is an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain.
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE, is the national statistics bureau of France.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums, is the area encircling Earth near the Equator, where the northeast and southeast trade winds converge.
Iracoubo is a commune on the coast of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Justin Catayée (born 30 May 1916 in Cayenne, French Guiana, died June 22, 1962 in Guadeloupe) was a French politician who served in the French National Assembly from 1958–1962 and was the founder of the Guianese Socialist Party and hero of World War II.
The Kalina, also known as the Caribs, Kali'na, mainland Caribs and several other names, are an indigenous people native to the northern coastal areas of South America.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kourou is a commune in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Léon-Gontran Damas (March 29, 1912 – January 22, 1978) was a French poet and politician.
Léopold Héder (born August 16, 1918, in Cayenne, French Guiana, and died June 9, 1978, in Cambo-les-Bains, France) was a socialist politician from French Guiana who served in the French Senate from 1971–1978 and in the French National Assembly from 1962-1967.
The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), sometimes called the lute turtle or leathery turtle or simply the luth, is the largest of all living turtles and is the fourth-heaviest modern reptile behind three crocodilians.
The Lebanese people (الشعب اللبناني / ALA-LC: Lebanese Arabic pronunciation) are the people inhabiting or originating from Lebanon.
The Ligue d'Athlétisme de la Guyane (LAG) is the governing body for the sport of athletics in French Guiana.
The Ligue de Football de la Guyane is the governing body of football in French Guiana.
Liming is the application (to soil) of calcium- and magnesium-rich materials in various forms, including marl, chalk, limestone, or hydrated lime.
The national parks of France is a system of ten national parks throughout metropolitan France and its overseas departments, coordinated by the government agency Parcs Nationaux de France.
There are two articles listing countries according to their per capita GDP.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
Lucie Décosse (born 6 August 1981 in Chaumont) is a retired female French judoka.
Macapá is a city in Brazil, population 397,913 (2010 census).
Macouria is a commune of French Guiana located midway between Cayenne and Kourou, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
The Mahury is an extended estuary of French Guiana southeast of Cayenne that reaches inland from the Atlantic Ocean, where it becomes the Oyac River.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Malia Metella (born 23 February 1982 in Cayenne, French Guiana) is a French Olympic freestyle swimmer from French Guiana.
Mana, in Austronesian languages, means "power", "effectiveness", and "prestige".
Mana is a commune and town in French Guiana.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Maripasoula is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
A market garden is the relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants.
The Maroni or Marowijne (Maroni, Marowijne, Sranan Tongo: Marwina-Liba) is a river in South America that forms the border between French Guiana and Suriname.
Maroons were Africans who had escaped from slavery in the Americas and mixed with the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and formed independent settlements.
Marowijne is a district of Suriname, located on the north-east coast.
Martinique is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 385,551 inhabitants as of January 2013.
Matoury is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Melilla (مليلية, Maliliyyah; ⵎⵔⵉⵜⵙ, Mřič) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Metropolitan France (France métropolitaine or la Métropole), also known as European France or Mainland France, is the part of France in Europe.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Montsinéry-Tonnegrande is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).
The National Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie nationale) is one of two national police forces of France, along with the National Police.
The National Police (Police nationale), formerly known as the Sûreté nationale, is one of two national police forces, along with the National Gendarmerie, and the main civil law enforcement agency of France, with primary jurisdiction in cities and large towns.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
Ndyuka, also called Aukan, Okanisi, Ndyuka tongo, Aukaans, Businenge Tongo (considered by some to be pejorative), Eastern Maroon Creole, or Nenge is a creole language of Suriname, spoken by the Ndyuka people.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest, virgin forest, primeval forest, or late seral forest— is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.
Organic matter, organic material, or natural organic matter (NOM) refers to the large pool of carbon-based compounds found within natural and engineered, terrestrial and aquatic environments.
Paris Orly Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Orly), commonly referred to as Orly, is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, south of Paris, France.
Ouanary is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
The French overseas collectivities (collectivité d'outre-mer or COM), like the French regions, are first-order administrative divisions of France.
An overseas department (département d’outre-mer or DOM) is a department of France that is outside metropolitan France.
Overseas France (France d'outre-mer) consists of all the French-administerd territories outside the European continent.
An overseas region (Région d'outre-mer) is a designation given to the overseas departments that have identical powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France.
The Oyapock or Oiapoque River is a 370-km (230-mi)–long river in South America that forms most of the border between French Guiana and the Brazilian state of Amapá.
The Oyapock River Bridge spans the Oyapock River, linking the cities of Oiapoque in Amapá, Brazil and Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock in French Guiana, France.
Palikúr is an Arawakan language of Brazil and French Guiana.
The Palikur are an indigenous people located in the riverine areas of the Brazilian state of Amapá and in French Guiana, particularly in the south-eastern border region, on the north bank of the Oyapock River.
The Pan American Sports Organization (Panam Sports; Organización Deportiva Panamericana) is an international organization which represents the current 41 National Olympic Committees of North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean.
Papaïchton (the official spelling is Papaichton, but the spelling with a trema is the most frequent) is a commune in the overseas region and department of French Guiana.
Papillon is a 1973 historical period drama prison film directed by Franklin J. Schaffner.
Papillon is an autobiographical novel written by Henri Charrière, first published in France on 30 April 1969.
The Paris Fire Brigade (French: Brigade des sapeurs-pompiers de Paris, BSPP), is a French Army unit which serves as the primary fire and rescue service for Paris and certain sites of national strategic importance.
Patrick O'Brian, CBE (12 December 1914 – 2 January 2000), born Richard Patrick Russ, was an English novelist and translator, best known for his Aubrey–Maturin series of sea novels set in the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars, and centred on the friendship of the English naval captain Jack Aubrey and the Irish–Catalan physician Stephen Maturin.
A penal colony is a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general population by placing them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory.
Per capita is a Latin prepositional phrase: per (preposition, taking the accusative case, meaning "by means of") and capita (accusative plural of the noun caput, "head").
The Petit-Saut Dam is a gravity dam on the Sinnamary River about south of Sinnamary in French Guiana.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Pied-Noir ("Black-Foot"), plural Pieds-Noirs, is a term primarily referring to people of European, mostly ethnic French origin, who were born in Algeria during the period of French rule from 1830 to 1962.
Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.
Pointe-à-Pitre (Creole: Lapwent) is the largest city of Guadeloupe, an overseas ''région'' and ''département'' of France located in the Lesser Antilles, of which it is a sous-préfecture, being the seat of the Arrondissement of Pointe-à-Pitre.
A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices.
Port-au-Prince (Pòtoprens) is the capital and most populous city of Haiti.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Portuguese conquest of French Guiana was an 1809 military operation against Cayenne, capital of the South American colony of French Guiana, in the scope of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
A prefect (préfet) in France is the State's representative in a department or region.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
List of Presidents of the Regional Council of French Guiana.
The French Prime Minister (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
Régina is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
A regional council (conseil régional) is the elected assembly of a region of France.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.
Remire-Montjoly (often unofficially spelled Rémire-Montjoly) is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
The Republic of Independent Guyana (La République de la Guyane indépendante) commonly referred to by the name of the capital Counani (rendered "Cunani" in Portuguese by the Brazilians), was a short-lived independent state in South America.
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids.
Rodolphe Alexandre (born 26 September 1953 in Cayenne) is a French political figure from French Guiana.
Roura is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Saül is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Saint Barthélemy, officially the Territorial collectivity of Saint-Barthélemy (Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Barthélemy), called Ouanalao by the indigenous people, is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies.
Saint Lucia (Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint-Élie is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Saint-Georges (sometimes unofficially called Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock) is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Saint-Jean-du-Maroni is a town in French Guiana, in the commune of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni on the Maroni River.
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is one of the two sub-prefectures of French Guiana and the seat of the Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. It is the second most populous city of French Guiana, with 40,462 inhabitants at the Jan. 2011 census.
The Salvation's Islands (French: Îles du Salut, so called because the missionaries went there to escape plague on the mainland; sometimes mistakenly called Safety Islands) are a group of small islands of volcanic origin about off the coast of French Guiana, north of Kourou, in the Atlantic Ocean.
Saramaccan (autonym: Saamáka) is a creole language spoken by about 58,000 ethnic African people near the Saramacca and upper Suriname River, as well as in the capital Paramaribo, in Suriname (formerly also known as Dutch Guiana), 25,000 in French Guiana, and 8,000 in the Netherlands.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
The Senate (Sénat; pronunciation) is the upper house of the French Parliament, presided over by a president.
Sinnamary is a town and commune on the coast of French Guiana, between Kourou and Iracoubo.
Sipaliwini is the largest district of Suriname, located in the south.
Slash-and-burn agriculture, or fire–fallow cultivation, is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a field called a swidden.
Soil pH is a measure of the acidity or basicity (alkalinity) of a soil.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Surinam was a Dutch plantation colony in the Guianas, neighboured by the equally Dutch colony of Berbice to the west, and the French colony of Cayenne to the east.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
--> Classified under the Mamean branch family of languages, Tektitek (also known as Tectiteco, Teco, Teko, K'onti'l, Qyool, among others) is a Mayan language spoken by the Tektitan people of Huehuetenango, Guatemala.
The French telephone numbering plan is not only used for metropolitan France but also for the French overseas departments and some overseas collectivities.
Terra preta (locally, literally "black soil" in Portuguese) is a type of very dark, fertile artificial (anthropogenic) soil found in the Amazon Basin.
A territorial collectivity (or territorial authority, collectivité territoriale, previously collectivité locale) is a chartered subdivision of France, with recognized governing authority.
The Guianas, sometimes called by the Spanish loan-word Guayanas (Las Guayanas), are a region in north-eastern South America which includes the following three territories.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
The Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition, part of the Napoleonic Wars, following an armistice signed on 23 April between Charles, Count of Artois, and the allies.
A tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am".
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.
Tumuk Humak Mountains on a map of 1891, described only as "The sierra dividing Guiana from the Amazon Basin". The Tumuk Humak Mountains (Toemoek-Hoemakgebergte, Serra do Tumucumaque, Monts Tumuc Humac) are a mountain range in South America, stretching about east–west in the border area between Brazil in the south and Suriname and French Guiana in the north.
Uncontacted people, also referred to as isolated people or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice (people living in voluntary isolation) or by circumstance, without significant contact with modern civilization.
Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), compulsion, or other forms of extreme hardship to themselves or members of their families.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The University of Stirling is a public university founded by Royal charter in 1967.
Veronique is a French liquid-fuelled sounding rocket that was partly developed by German scientists who had worked in Peenemünde.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh), are an ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam.
The Waki or Ouaqui River is a river in western French Guiana.
The Wayampi or Wayãpi are an indigenous people located in the south-eastern border area of French Guiana at the confluence of Camopi and Oyapock rivers, and the basins of the Amapari and Carapanatuba Rivers in the central part of the states of Amapá and Pará in Brazil.
Wayampi (Guayapi, Oiampí) is a Tupi–Guarani language spoken by the Wayampi people.
The Wayana (alternate names: Ajana, Uaiana, Alucuyana, Guaque, Ojana, Orcocoyana, Pirixi, Urukuena, Waiano etc.) are a Carib-speaking people located in the south-eastern part of the Guiana highlands, a region divided between Brazil, Surinam, and French Guiana.
Wayana (also referenced as Ojana, Ajana, Aiana, Ouyana, Uajana, Upurui, Oepoeroei, Roucouyen, Oreocoyana, Orkokoyana, Urucuiana, Urukuyana, and Alucuyana in the literature) is a language of the Cariban family, spoken by the Wayana people, who live mostly in the borderlands of French Guiana, Brazil, and Suriname.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
.fr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet for France.
.gf is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for French Guiana.
The 2017 Caribbean Cup was the 19th and last edition of the Caribbean Cup, the biennial international men's football championship of the Caribbean region organized by the Caribbean Football Union (CFU).
2017 social unrest in French Guiana is a series of protests and strikes led by the "Collective of 500 Brothers" to highlight the issues of insecurity and infrastructure in French Guiana, France.
The 2nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 2 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (3e Régiment étranger d'infanterie, 3e REI) is an infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion.
The meridian 51° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 55° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The 6th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 6 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 9th Marine Infantry Regiment (9e RIMa) is a regiment of overseas French Army troops, currently stationed in French Guiana.
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