86 relations: A, Académie française, Acute accent, Île-de-France, B, Bible, C, Canyon, Cedilla, Circumflex, Circumflex in French, Colon (punctuation), Crossword, D, Des chiffres et des lettres, Diacritic, Diaeresis (diacritic), Digraph (orthography), E, El Niño, Elision (French), Exclamation mark, F, French Braille, French language, French manual alphabet, French phonology, G, Gaul, Gaulish language, Grave accent, Guillemet, H, Homophone, I, International Phonetic Alphabet, International scientific vocabulary, Internationalization and localization, J, Journal officiel de la République française, K, L, L'Haÿ-les-Roses, Langues d'oïl, Latin, Latin alphabet, Liaison (French), Loanword, Loire, M, ..., Manuscript, Middle French, N, Non-breaking space, Number sign, O, Oaths of Strasbourg, Occitan language, Office québécois de la langue française, Old French, P, Phoneme, Punctuation, Q, Question mark, R, René Just Haüy, Romance languages, S, Scrabble, Semicolon, Silent letter, Spanish language, Spelling, T, Tilde, Typographic ligature, U, V, Vowel length, Vulgar Latin, W, X, Y, Z, 18th arrondissement of Paris. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
A (named, plural As, A's, as, a's or aes) is the first letter and the first vowel of the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
B or b (pronounced) is the second letter of the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
C is the third letter in the English alphabet and a letter of the alphabets of many other writing systems which inherited it from the Latin alphabet.
A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales.
A cedilla (from Spanish), also known as cedilha (from Portuguese) or cédille (from French), is a hook or tail (¸) added under certain letters as a diacritical mark to modify their pronunciation.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
The circumflex (ˆ) is one of the five diacritics used in the French language; it may appear on the vowels a, e, i, o, and u. In French, the circumflex, called accent circonflexe, has three primary functions.
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.
A crossword is a word puzzle that usually takes the form of a square or a rectangular grid of white-and black-shaded squares.
D (named dee) is the fourth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Des chiffres et des lettres ("numbers and letters") is a French television programme.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
E (named e, plural ees) is the fifth letter and the second vowel in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America.
In French, elision refers to the suppression of a final unstressed vowel (usually) immediately before another word beginning with a vowel.
The exclamation mark (British English) or exclamation point (some dialects of American English) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or show emphasis, and often marks the end of a sentence.
F (named ef) is the sixth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
French Braille is the original braille alphabet, and the basis of all others.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French manual alphabet is an alphabet used for French Sign Language (LSF), both to distinguish LSF words and to sign French words in LSF.
French phonology is the sound system of French.
G (named gee) is the 7th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.
The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
Guillemets, or angle quotes, are a pair of punctuation marks in the form of sideways double chevrons (« and »), used instead of quotation marks in a number of languages.
H (named aitch or, regionally, haitch, plural aitches)"H" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "aitch" or "haitch", op.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
I (named i, plural ies) is the ninth letter and the third vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
International scientific vocabulary (ISV) comprises scientific and specialized words whose language of origin may or may not be certain, but which are in current use in several modern languages (that is, translingually).
In computing, internationalization and localization are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target locale.
J is the tenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Journal officiel de la République française (JORF or JO) is the government gazette of the French Republic.
K (named kay) is the eleventh letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
L (named el) is the twelfth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet, used in words such as lagoon, lantern, and less.
L'Haÿ-les-Roses (pronounced) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
The langues d'oïl (French) or oïl languages (also in langues d'oui) are a dialect continuum that includes standard French and its closest autochthonous relatives historically spoken in the northern half of France, southern Belgium, and the Channel Islands.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Liaison is the pronunciation of a latent word-final consonant immediately before a following vowel sound.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
M (named em) is the thirteenth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document written by hand -- or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten -- as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.
Middle French (le moyen français) is a historical division of the French language that covers the period from the 14th to the early 17th centuries.
N (named en) is the fourteenth letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
In word processing and digital typesetting, a non-breaking space (" "), also called no-break space, non-breakable space (NBSP), hard space, or fixed space, is a space character that prevents an automatic line break at its position.
The symbol # is most commonly known as the number sign, hash, or pound sign.
O (named o, plural oes) is the 15th letter and the fourth vowel in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Oaths of Strasbourg (Sacramenta Argentariae; Les Serments de Strasbourg; Die Straßburger Eide) were mutual pledges of allegiance between Louis the German (†876), ruler of East Francia, and his half-brother Charles the Bald (†877), ruler of West Francia made on 12 February 842.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
The Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF) (Quebec Board of the French Language), sometimes pejoratively referred to as the Quebec language police in English, is a public organization established on March 24, 1961 by the Liberal government of Jean Lesage.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
P (named pee) is the 16th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
Q (named cue) is the 17th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The question mark (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.
R (named ar/or) is the 18th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
René Just Haüy FRS MWS FRSE (28 February 1743 – 3 June 1822) was a French priest and mineralogist, commonly styled the Abbé Haüy after he was made an honorary canon of Notre Dame.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
S (named ess, plural esses) is the 19th letter in the Modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Scrabble is a word game in which two to four players score points by placing tiles bearing a single letter onto a board divided into a 15×15 grid of squares.
The semicolon or semi colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements.
In an alphabetic writing system, a silent letter is a letter that, in a particular word, does not correspond to any sound in the word's pronunciation.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Spelling is the combination of alphabetic letters to form a written word.
T (named tee) is the 20th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The tilde (in the American Heritage dictionary or; ˜ or ~) is a grapheme with several uses.
In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.
U (named u, plural ues) is the 21st letter and the fifth vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
V (named vee) is the 22nd letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
In linguistics, vowel length is the perceived duration of a vowel sound.
Vulgar Latin or Sermo Vulgaris ("common speech") was a nonstandard form of Latin (as opposed to Classical Latin, the standard and literary version of the language) spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the classical period of the Roman Empire.
W (named double-u,Pronounced plural double-ues) is the 23rd letter of the modern English and ISO basic Latin alphabets.
X (named ex, plural exes) is the 24th and antepenultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Y (named wye, plural wyes) is the 25th and penultimate letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Z (named zed or zee "Z", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "zee", op. cit.) is the 26th and final letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The 18th arrondissement of Paris (XVIIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.