125 relations: Aesthetics, Age of Enlightenment, Albrecht Ritschl, Allegorical interpretations of Plato, Antoine Berman, Aristotle, August Böckh, Barby, Germany, Baruch Spinoza, Battle of Jena–Auerstedt, Berlin, Biblical studies, Calvinism, Charité, Christian ethics, Christian universalism, Christian Wolff (philosopher), Cognition, Dialectic, Dogma, Edwin Mellen Press, Ernst Moritz Arndt, Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg, Ethics, Exegesis, First Alcibiades, Frederick C. Beiser, Freimut Börngen, Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg, Friedrich August Wolf, Friedrich Eduard Beneke, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, Friedrich Ueberweg, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Georg Anton Friedrich Ast, German idealism, German Romanticism, Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Heinrich Fink, Heinrich Ritter, Herman Bavinck, Hermeneutic circle, Hermeneutics, Historical criticism, History of Berlin, Holy Trinity Church, Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, ..., Immanuel Kant, Jena Romanticism, Jesus, Johann August Ernesti, Johann Augustus Eberhard, Johann Gottfried Herder, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Salomo Semler, Journal of Reformed Theology, Karl Barth, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, Kingdom of Prussia, Kurt Mueller-Vollmer, L'épreuve de l'étranger, Languages of Asia, Liberal Christianity, List of minor planets: 12001–13000, List of philosophies, Logic, Lutheranism, Magdeburg, Manfred Frank, Martin Heidegger, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Matthias Wolfes, Metaphysics, Mind–body dualism, Moravian Church, Napoleon, Neo-orthodoxy, New Testament, Niesky, Old Testament, On Religion, Organism, Paul Ricœur, Paul Tillich, Pedagogy, Philosopher, Philosophy, Pietism, Plato, Plato's unwritten doctrines, Poland, Politics, Practical theology, Problem of Hell, Protestantism, Province of Brandenburg, Province of Pomerania (1653–1815), Province of Silesia, Prussian Academy of Sciences, Prussian Union of Churches, Psychology, Rationalism, Religion, Richard Rothe, Romanticism, Rudolf Bultmann, Słobity, Słupsk, Self-consciousness, Silesia, Summum bonum, Theology, Thing-in-itself, Translation, Universal reason, Upper Lusatia, Volition (psychology), Western philosophy, Wilhelm Dilthey, Wrocław, Zionites (Germany), 19th-century philosophy. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Albrecht Ritschl (25 March 182220 March 1889) was a German Protestant theologian.
Many Plato interpreters held that his writings contain passages with double meanings, called 'allegories' or 'symbols', that give the dialogues layers of figurative meaning in addition to their usual literal meaning.
Antoine Berman (24 June 1942 – 1991) was a French translator, philosopher, historian and theorist of translation.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
August Böckh or Boeckh (24 November 1785 – 3 August 1867) was a German classical scholar and antiquarian.
Barby is a town in the Salzlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.
The twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt (older name: Auerstädt) were fought on 14 October 1806 on the plateau west of the River Saale in today's Germany, between the forces of Napoleon I of France and Frederick William III of Prussia.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Biblical studies is the academic application of a set of diverse disciplines to the study of the Bible (the Tanakh and the New Testament).
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
The Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is Europe's largest University clinic, affiliated with both Humboldt University and Freie Universität Berlin.
Christian ethics is a branch of Christian theology that defines virtuous behavior and wrong behavior from a Christian perspective.
Christian universalism is a school of Christian theology focused around the doctrine of universal reconciliation – the view that all human beings will ultimately be "saved" and restored to a right relationship with God.
Christian Wolff (less correctly Wolf,; also known as Wolfius; ennobled as Christian Freiherr von Wolff; 24 January 1679 – 9 April 1754) was a German philosopher.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Dialectic or dialectics (διαλεκτική, dialektikḗ; related to dialogue), also known as the dialectical method, is at base a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned arguments.
The term dogma is used in pejorative and non-pejorative senses.
The Edwin Mellen Press is a scholarly publishing house with offices in Lewiston, New York, and Lampeter, Wales.
Ernst Moritz Arndt (26 December 1769 – 29 January 1860) was a German nationalist historian, writer, and poet.
Ernst Wilhelm Theodor Herrmann Hengstenberg (20 October 1802, in Fröndenberg – 28 May 1869, in Berlin), was a German Lutheran churchman and neo-Lutheran theologian from an old and important Dortmund family.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Exegesis (from the Greek ἐξήγησις from ἐξηγεῖσθαι, "to lead out") is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, particularly a religious text.
The First Alcibiades or Alcibiades I (Ἀλκιβιάδης αʹ) is a dialogue featuring Alcibiades in conversation with Socrates.
Frederick Charles Beiser (born November 27, 1949) is an American author and professor of philosophy at Syracuse University.
Freimut Börngen (born 17 October 1930) is a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of minor planets.
Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg (30 November 1802 – 24 January 1872) was a German philosopher and philologist.
Friedrich August Wolf (15 February 1759 – 8 August 1824) was a German Classicist and is considered the founder of modern Philology.
Friedrich Eduard Beneke (17 February 1798 – c. 1 March 1854) was a German psychologist and post-Kantian philosopher.
Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (25 January 1743 – 10 March 1819) was an influential German philosopher, literary figure, socialite, and the younger brother of poet Johann Georg Jacobi.
Friedrich Ueberweg (22 January 1826 – 9 June 1871), was a German philosopher and historian of philosophy.
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (27 January 1775 – 20 August 1854), later (after 1812) von Schelling, was a German philosopher.
Georg Anton Friedrich Ast (29 December 1778 – 31 October 1841) was a German philosopher and philologist.
German idealism (also known as post-Kantian idealism, post-Kantian philosophy, or simply post-Kantianism) was a philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
German Romanticism was the dominant intellectual movement of German-speaking countries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, influencing philosophy, aesthetics, literature and criticism.
Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke (24 August 1791 – 4 February 1855) was a German theologian.
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781) was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era.
Hans-Georg Gadamer (February 11, 1900 – March 13, 2002) was a German philosopher of the continental tradition, best known for his 1960 magnum opus Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode) on hermeneutics.
Heinrich Fink (born 31 March 1935) is a German theologian, former university professor and politician (Die Linke).
August Heinrich Ritter (21 November 1791 – 3 February 1869) was a German philosopher and historian of philosophy.
Herman Bavinck (13 December 1854, Hoogeveen, Drenthe – 29 July 1921, Amsterdam) was a Dutch Reformed theologian and churchman.
The hermeneutic circle (hermeneutischer Zirkel) describes the process of understanding a text hermeneutically.
Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.
Historical criticism, also known as the historical-critical method or higher criticism, is a branch of criticism that investigates the origins of ancient texts in order to understand "the world behind the text".
The history of Berlin starts with its foundation in the 13th century.
Trinity Church (Dreifaltigkeitskirche) was a Baroque Protestant church in Berlin, eastern Germany, dedicated to the Holy Trinity.
The Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin), is a university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Jena Romanticism (Jenaer Romantik; also the Jena Romantics or Early Romanticism (Frühromantik)) is the first phase of Romanticism in German literature represented by the work of a group centred in Jena from about 1798 to 1804.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Johann August Ernesti (4 August 1707 – 11 September 1781) was a German Rationalist theologian and philologist.
Johann Augustus Eberhard (August 31, 1739 – January 6, 1809) was a German theologian and "popular philosopher".
Johann Gottfried (after 1802, von) Herder (25 August 174418 December 1803) was a German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic.
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814), was a German philosopher who became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant.
Johann Salomo Semler (18 December 1725 – 14 March 1791) was a German church historian, biblical commentator, and critic of ecclesiastical documents and of the history of dogmas.
The Journal of Reformed Theology is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Brill on behalf of the International Reformed Theological Institute.
Karl Barth (–) was a Swiss Reformed theologian who is often regarded as the greatest Protestant theologian of the twentieth century.
Karl Wilhelm Friedrich (after 1814: von) Schlegel (10 March 1772 – 12 January 1829), usually cited as Friedrich Schlegel, was a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and Indologist.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
Kurt Mueller-Vollmer (born June 28, 1928 in Hamburg) is an American philosopher and professor of German Studies & Humanities at Stanford University.
L'épreuve de l'étranger.
There is a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising different language families and some unrelated isolates.
Liberal Christianity, also known as liberal theology, covers diverse philosophically and biblically informed religious movements and ideas within Christianity from the late 18th century onward.
#fefefe | 12448 Mr.
Philosophies: particular schools of thought, styles of philosophy, or descriptions of philosophical ideas attributed to a particular group or culture - listed in alphabetical order.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Manfred Frank (born March 22, 1945) is a German philosopher, emeritus professor of philosophy at the University of Tübingen.
Martin Heidegger (26 September 188926 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy cautions, "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification".
The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Matthias Wolfes (born August 28, 1961, Buchholz in der Nordheide, West Germany) is a German Protestant theologian.
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.
Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical,Hart, W.D. (1996) "Dualism", in A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind, ed.
The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Neo-orthodoxy, in Christianity, also known as theology of crisis and dialectical theology, was a theological movement developed in the aftermath of the First World War.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Niesky (-German, Sorbian/Polish: Niska) is a small town in Upper Lusatia in eastern the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers (German: Über die Religion: Reden an die Gebildeten unter ihren Verächtern) is a book written by the German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834).
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Jean Paul Gustave Ricœur (27 February 1913 – 20 May 2005) was a French philosopher best known for combining phenomenological description with hermeneutics.
Paul Johannes Tillich (August 20, 1886 – October 22, 1965) was a German-American Christian existentialist philosopher and Lutheran Protestant theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century.
Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Pietism (from the word piety) was an influential movement in Lutheranism that combined its emphasis on Biblical doctrine with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Plato's so-called unwritten doctrines are metaphysical theories ascribed to him by his students and other ancient philosophers but not clearly formulated in his writings.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Practical theology is an academic discipline that examines and reflects on religious practices in order to understand the theology that is enacted in those practices and in order to consider how theological theory and theological practices can be more fully aligned, changed, or improved.
The problem of Hell is an ethical problem in religion in which the existence of Hell for the punishment of souls is regarded as inconsistent with the notion of a just, moral, and omnibenevolent God.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Province of Brandenburg (Provinz Brandenburg) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1945, from 1871 within the German Reich.
The Province of Pomerania was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia, the later Kingdom of Prussia.
The Province of Silesia (Provinz Schlesien; Prowincja Śląska; Silesian: Prowincyjŏ Ślōnskŏ) was a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia, existing from 1815 to 1919, when it was divided into the Upper and Lower Silesia provinces, and briefly again from 1938 to 1941.
The Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences (Königlich-Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften) was an academy established in Berlin, Germany on 11 July 1700, four years after the Akademie der Künste, or "Arts Academy," to which "Berlin Academy" may also refer.
The Prussian Union of Churches (known under multiple other names) was a major Protestant church body which emerged in 1817 from a series of decrees by Frederick William III of Prussia that united both Lutheran and Reformed denominations in Prussia.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Richard Rothe (28 January 1799 – 20 August 1867) was a German Lutheran theologian.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Rudolf Karl Bultmann (20 August 1884 – 30 July 1976) was a German Lutheran theologian and professor of New Testament at the University of Marburg.
Słobity (Schlobitten) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Wilczęta, within Braniewo County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.
Słupsk (Stolp; also known by several alternative names) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland, with a population of 98,757.
Self-consciousness is a heightened sense of self-awareness.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
Summum bonum is a Latin expression meaning "the highest good", which was introduced by the Roman philosopher Cicero, to correspond to the Idea of the Good in ancient Greek philosophy.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
The thing-in-itself (Ding an sich) is a concept introduced by Immanuel Kant.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
The idea of a Universal reason implies an underpinning system of perception and conception of all forms of complexity.
Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz; Hornja Łužica; Górna Łužyca; Łużyce Górne or Milsko; Horní Lužice) is a historical region in Germany and Poland.
Volition or will is the cognitive process by which an individual decides on and commits to a particular course of action.
Western philosophy is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.
Wilhelm Dilthey (19 November 1833 – 1 October 1911) was a German historian, psychologist, sociologist, and hermeneutic philosopher, who held G. W. F. Hegel's Chair in Philosophy at the University of Berlin.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
The Zionites were a sect which flourished in the eighteenth century at Ronsdorf in the Duchy of Berg.
In the 19th century the philosophies of the Enlightenment began to have a dramatic effect, the landmark works of philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau influencing new generations of thinkers.
F. E. D. Schleiermacher, Frederich Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiemacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schliermacher, Friedrich Daniel Schleiermacher, Friedrich Ernest Daniel Schleiermacher, Friedrich Ernst Daniel Schleiermacher, Schleiermacher, Schleiermacher, Friedrich Ernst Daniel.