107 relations: Afrikaans, Amrum, Anglic languages, Anglo-Frisian languages, Öömrang, Belgium, Bible, Bolsward, Book of Common Prayer, Bredstedt, Bruges, Cantus, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Clay Frisian, Cloppenburg (district), County of Holland, Düne, Declension, Districts of Germany, Dutch language, Early Middle Ages, East Frisia, East Frisian Low Saxon, Eiderstedt Frisian, Endangered language, English language, Föhr, Fering, Friesland, Frisia, Frisian Islands, Frisians, Fryske Akademy, German language, Germanic languages, Germany, Goesharde Frisian, Great Yarmouth, Groningen (province), Gronings dialect, Gysbert Japiks, Halligen, Halligen Frisian, Hanseatic League, Heligoland, Heligolandic dialect, Hindeloopen, Hindeloopen Frisian, House of Habsburg, Husum, ..., Indo-European languages, Ingvaeonic nasal spirant law, ISO 639, ISO 639-1, ISO 639-2, Karrharde Frisian, Kibibyte, Late Middle Ages, Latin script, Leeuwarden, Literature, Lord's Prayer, Low German, Lower Saxony, Middle Frisian language, Minority language, Mooring (North Frisian dialect), Mutual intelligibility, Netherlands, Niebüll, Nordfriesland (district), Norman language, North Frisia, North Frisian Islands, North Frisian language, North Sea, North Sea Germanic, Old English, Old Frisian, Philip II of Spain, Provinces of the Netherlands, Runes, Saterland, Saterland Frisian language, Söl'ring, Schiermonnikoog, Schleswig-Holstein, Scots language, Second language, Stadsfries dialects, States of Germany, Strand Frisian, Sylt, Terschelling, Vowel breaking, Wangerooge Frisian, Weser, West Frisian Dutch, West Frisian Islands, West Frisian language, West Germanic languages, West Low German, Westereendersk, Westerkwartier, Wiedingharde Frisian, Wood Frisian, Wursten Frisian. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Amrum (''Öömrang'' North Frisian: Oomram) is one of the North Frisian Islands on the German North Sea coast, south of Sylt and west of Föhr.
The Anglic languages (also called the English languages or Insular Germanic languages) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it.
The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.
Öömrang is the dialect of the North Frisian language spoken on the island of Amrum in the German region of North Frisia.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Bolsward (West Frisian: Boalsert) is a city in Súdwest-Fryslân in the province of Friesland, the Netherlands.
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
Bredstedt (Bredstedt; Bredsted; North Frisian: Bräist) is a town in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.
A cantus (Latin for "singing", derived from cantare), is an activity organised by Belgian, Dutch, French, Baltic, Afrikaans student organisations, BEST (Board of European Students of Technology) and fraternities.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Clay Frisian (West Frisian: Klaaifrysk) is a dialect of the West Frisian language spoken in the northwestern part of the Dutch province of Friesland.
Cloppenburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The County of Holland was a State of the Holy Roman Empire and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands and from 1648 onward, Holland was the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
Düne (Danish: Dynen, North Frisian: de Halem) is one of two islands in the German North Sea Coast Area that belong to the Archipelago of Heligoland, the other being Heligoland proper.
In linguistics, declension is the changing of the form of a word to express it with a non-standard meaning, by way of some inflection, that is by marking the word with some change in pronunciation or by other information.
In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is a Landkreis ("rural district"); the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, where the term is simply Kreis.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
East Frisia or Eastern Friesland (Ostfriesland; East Frisian Low Saxon: Oostfreesland; Oost-Friesland) is a coastal region in the northwest of the German federal state of Lower Saxony.
East Frisian Low German or East Frisian Low Saxon is one of the Friso-Saxon dialects, a West Low German dialect spoken in the East Frisian peninsula of northwestern Lower Saxony.
Eiderstedt Frisian (Eiderstedter Friesisch, Ejderstedfrisisk) was a dialect of the North Frisian language which was originally spoken on Eiderstedt, formerly part of the Danish Duchy of Schleswig.
An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Föhr (''Fering'' North Frisian: Feer; Før) is one of the North Frisian Islands on the German coast of the North Sea.
Fering is the dialect of North Frisian spoken on the island of Föhr in the German region of North Frisia.
Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.
Frisia (Fryslân, Dutch and Friesland) is a coastal region along the southeastern corner of the North Sea in what today is mostly a large part of the Netherlands, including modern Friesland, and smaller parts of northern Germany.
The Frisian Islands, also known as the Wadden Islands or the Wadden Sea Islands, form an archipelago at the eastern edge of the North Sea in northwestern Europe, stretching from the northwest of the Netherlands through Germany to the west of Denmark.
The Frisians are a Germanic ethnic group indigenous to the coastal parts of the Netherlands and northwestern Germany.
The Fryske Akademy, founded in 1938, is the scientific centre for research and education concerning Friesland (Fryslân in West Frisian) and its people, language and culture, this in its broadest sense.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Goesharde Frisian (North Frisian: Gooshiirder, Goesharder Friesisch) is a collective term for three of the ten dialects of the North Frisian language.
Great Yarmouth, often known to locals as Yarmouth, is a coastal town in Norfolk, England.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunn; Grinslân) is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands.
Gronings, in the dialect itself called Grunnegs or Grönnegs, is a collective name for some Friso-Saxon dialects spoken in the province of Groningen and around the Groningen border in Drenthe and Friesland.
Gysbert Japiks or Japicx or Japix (1603–1666) was a West Frisian writer, poet, schoolmaster, and cantor.
The Halligen (German) or the halliger (Danish, singular Hallig) are small islands without protective dikes.
Halligen Frisian (Halifreesk) is the dialect of the North Frisian language spoken on the Halligen islands, primarily Langeneß and Hooge, in the German region of North Frisia.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Heligoland (Helgoland; Heligolandic Frisian: deät Lun, Mooring Frisian: Hålilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea.
Heligolandic (Halunder) is the dialect of the North Frisian language spoken on the German island of Heligoland in the North Sea.
Hindeloopen (Hylpen; Hindeloopen Frisian: Hielpen) is an old city on the North of the Netherlands on the IJsselmeer.
Hindeloopen Frisian (natively called Hylpers, and Hylpersk in standard West Frisian; also sometimes called Hindeloopers in English, as it is in Dutch) is the archaic West Frisian dialect of the small port city of Hindeloopen on the west coast of the Dutch province of Friesland.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
Husum (North Frisian: Hüsem) is the capital of the Kreis (district) Nordfriesland in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
In historical linguistics, the Ingvaeonic nasal spirant law (also called the Anglo-Frisian or North Sea Germanic nasal spirant law) is a description of a phonological development that occurred in the Ingvaeonic dialects of the West Germanic languages.
ISO 639 is a set of standards by the International Organization for Standardization that is concerned with representation of names for languages and language groups.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
ISO 639-2:1998, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code, is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages.
Karrharde Frisian (Karrhiirderfreesch) is a dialect of the North Frisian language spoken in the municipalities of Stedesand and Enge-Sande in the German Amt of Südtondern (formerly Karrharde) in the district of Nordfriesland, Schleswig-Holstein.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Leeuwarden (longname), Stadsfries: Liwwadden) is a city and municipality in Friesland in the Netherlands. It is the provincial capital and seat of the States of Friesland. The municipality has a population of 122,293. The region has been continuously inhabited since the 10th century. It came to be known as Leeuwarden in the early 9th century AD and was granted city privileges in 1435. It is the main economic hub of Friesland, situated in a green and water-rich environment. Leeuwarden is a former royal residence and has a historic city center, many historically relevant buildings, and a large shopping center with squares and restaurants. Leeuwarden was awarded the title European Capital of Culture for 2018. The Elfstedentocht (Eleven Cities Tour), an ice skating tour passing the eleven cities of Friesland, started and finished in Leeuwarden. The following towns and villages within the municipality have populations in excess of 1,000 people: Leeuwarden, Stiens, Grou, Goutum, Wergea, Jirnsum, Reduzum, and Wirdum. The municipality is governed by the mayor Ferd Crone and a coalition of the Labour Party, Christian Democratic Appeal, and GreenLeft.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
The Lord's Prayer (also called the Our Father, Pater Noster, or the Model Prayer) is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, and a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when "one of his disciples said to him, 'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.'" Lutheran theologian Harold Buls suggested that both were original, the Matthaen version spoken by Jesus early in his ministry in Galilee, and the Lucan version one year later, "very likely in Judea".
Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdütsch, Plattdüütsch, Plattdütsk, Plattduitsk, Nedersaksies; Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Nederduits) is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
Middle Frisian evolved from Old Frisian from the 16th century and was spoken until c. 1820, considered the beginning of the Modern period of the Frisian languages.
A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a territory.
Mooring or Bökingharde Frisian (Böökinghiirder frasch) is a dialect of the North Frisian language spoken in Niebüll and the ''amt'' of Bökingharde in the German region of North Frisia.
In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Niebüll (Mooring North Frisian: Naibel; Nibøl) is a town in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Nordfriesland (English: "Northern Friesland" or "North Frisia") is the northernmost district of Germany, part of the state of Schleswig-Holstein.
North Frisia or Northern Friesland is the northernmost portion of Frisia, located primarily in Germany between the rivers Eider and Wiedau/Vidå.
The North Frisian Islands are the Frisian Islands off the coast of North Frisia.
North Frisian is a minority language of Germany, spoken by about 10,000 people in North Frisia.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
North Sea Germanic, also known as Ingvaeonic, is a postulated grouping of the northern West Germanic languages, consisting of Old Frisian, Old English and Old Saxon and their descendants.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old Frisian is a West Germanic language spoken between the 8th and 16th centuries in the area between the Rhine and Weser on the European North Sea coast.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.
Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter.
Saterland (Saterland Frisian: Seelterlound) is a municipality in the district of Cloppenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Saterland Frisian, also known as Sater Frisian or Saterlandic (Seeltersk), is the last living dialect of the East Frisian language.
Söl'ring is the dialect of the North Frisian language spoken on the island of Sylt in the German region of North Frisia.
Schiermonnikoog (or; Skiermûntseach) is an island, a municipality, and a national park in the northern Netherlands.
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
Stadsfries, Stadfries, Stedfrysk or Town Frisian is a set of dialects spoken in certain cities in the province of Friesland in the northern Netherlands, namely Leeuwarden, Sneek, Bolsward, Franeker, Dokkum, Harlingen, Stavoren, and to some extent in Heerenveen.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Strand Frisian was a dialect of the North Frisian language which was originally spoken on Strand island, Duchy of Schleswig.
Sylt (Sild; Söl'ring North Frisian: Söl) is an island in northern Germany, part of Nordfriesland district, Schleswig-Holstein, and well known for the distinctive shape of its shoreline.
Terschelling (Skylge; Terschelling dialect: Schylge) is a municipality and an island in the northern Netherlands, one of the West Frisian Islands.
In historical linguistics, vowel breaking, vowel fracture, or diphthongization is the change of a monophthong into a diphthong or triphthong.
Wangerooge East Frisian is an extinct dialect of the East Frisian language, formerly spoken on the East Frisian island of Wangerooge.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
The West Frisian dialect (West-Fries) is a Dutch dialect spoken in the contemporary West Friesland region, Wieringen, Wieringermeer,Nieuwe Niedorp, the coastal area from Den Helder to Castricum, and the island of Texel.
The West Frisian Islands (Waadeilannen) are a chain of islands in the North Sea off the Dutch coast, along the edge of the Wadden Sea.
West Frisian, or simply Frisian (Frysk; Fries) is a West Germanic language spoken mostly in the province of Friesland (Fryslân) in the north of the Netherlands, mostly by those of Frisian ancestry.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
West Low German, also known as Low Saxon (Niedersächsisch or Westniederdeutsch; literally: Nether-saxon; Nedersassisch, Nedersaksies, Platduuts, Plat(t); Nedersaksisch) is a group of Low German (also Low Saxon; German: Niederdeutsch or Plattdeutsch, Dutch: Nederduits) dialects spoken in parts of the Netherlands, northwestern Germany and southern Denmark (in North Schleswig by the German minority).
Westereendersk is a local variety of Wood Frisian and is spoken in De Westereen, Zwagerbosch and Twijzelerheide.
The Westerkwartier (Western Quarter) is a historical region in the Dutch province of Groningen, at the border with the provinces of Drenthe and Friesland.
Wiedingharde Frisian (North Frisian: Wiringhiirder freesk, Danish: Vidingherredfrisisk) is a dialect of the North Frisian language spoken in the German ''amt'' of Wiedingharde south of the border to Denmark in North Frisia (historic south of the river Widau).
Wood Frisian (West Frisian: Wâldfrysk) is a dialect of the West Frisian language spoken in the eastern part of the Dutch province of Friesland, which is called Wâlden (English: "woods").
Wursten Frisian was a dialect of the East Frisian language that is thought to have been spoken until the early 18th century in the landscape of Wursten between Bremerhaven and Cuxhaven, Germany.