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Front-wheel drive

Index Front-wheel drive

Front-wheel drive (FWD) is a form of engine and transmission layout used in motor vehicles, where the engine drives the front wheels only. [1]

144 relations: Adler Trumpf, Air-cooled engine, Alec Issigonis, Alfa Romeo 33, Alfa Romeo Alfasud, Alfa Romeo Giulia, All-wheel drive, Alvis 12/50, Alvis Car and Engineering Company, Ateliers de Construction Mecanique l'Aster, Audi, Audi Front, Autobianchi, Autobianchi Primula, Automobile (magazine), Automobile layout, Axle, Bonneville Salt Flats, British Motor Corporation, BSA cars, Bubble car, Buckinghamshire, Buckminster Fuller, Cadillac, Cadillac Catera, Cadillac Eldorado, Captive import, Car, Chevrolet Celebrity, Chevrolet Citation, Chevrolet Corvette, Chrysler, Chrysler 300, Citroën, Citroën 2CV, Citroën DS, Citroën Traction Avant, Constant-velocity joint, Corporate average fuel economy, Dante Giacosa, De Dion-Bouton, Differential (mechanical device), DKW, DKW F1, Dodge 600, Dodge Neon SRT-4, Dodge Omni, Douvrin engine, Drive shaft, Dymaxion car, ..., Economy car, Engine, Enzo Ferrari, Fiat 128, Fiat X1/9, Flat twin engine, Flat-four engine, Ford Escort (North America), Ford Fiesta, Ford Taurus, Four-wheel drive, France, French Grand Prix, Front mid-engine, front-wheel-drive layout, Front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout, Gear, Gear train, Germany, GKN, GM B platform, GM Sigma platform, Gräf & Stift, Harry Miller (auto racing), Hemmings Motor News, Honda, Honda 1300, Honda Accord, Honda Civic, Honda Legend, Honda N360, Honda Z, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Internal combustion engine, J. Walter Christie, Kei car, Kop Hill Climb, Latil, Lloyd Cars Ltd, Longitudinal engine, MacPherson strut, Menomonie, Wisconsin, Mini, Moment of inertia, Motor vehicle, Nissan GT-R LM Nismo, Nissan Maxima, Nissan Sentra, Oldsmobile Toronado, Opel Kadett, Panhard, Peugeot, Princes Risborough, PSA-Renault X-Type engine, Rear-engine, front-wheel-drive layout, Renault, Renault 12, Renault 21, Renault 25, Renault 5, Robert Cumberford, Ruxton (automobile), Saab 900, Saab 92, Saab Automobile, Saint-Malo, Simca, Simca-Talbot Horizon, Société Parisienne, Stoewer, Subaru 1000, Suez Crisis, Sump, Suzuki Suzulight, Torque steer, Toyota Camry, Toyota Corolla, Transaxle, Transmission (mechanics), Transverse engine, Triumph 1300, United Kingdom, United States, Universal joint, Utah, Vanderbilt Cup, Vauxhall Astra, Voiturette, Volkswagen, Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Passat, Volvo Cars, Water cooling, Wheel, 1925 Indianapolis 500. Expand index (94 more) »

Adler Trumpf

The Adler Trumpf is a small family car introduced by the Frankfurt based auto-maker, Adler in March 1932, though Trumpf production only got under way in the late summer of that year.

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Air-cooled engine

Air-cooled engines rely on the circulation of air directly over hot parts of the engine to cool them.

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Alec Issigonis

Sir Alexander Arnold Constantine Issigonis, (Αλέξανδρος Αρνόλδος Κωνσταντίνος Ισηγόνης Alexandros Arnoldos Konstantinos Isigonis; 18 November 1906 – 2 October 1988) was a British-Greek designer of cars, widely noted for the groundbreaking and influential development of the Mini, launched by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) in 1959.

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Alfa Romeo 33

The Alfa Romeo 33 (Type 905 and 907) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1983 and 1995.

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Alfa Romeo Alfasud

The Alfa Romeo Alfasud (Type 901, 902 and 904) was a small family car, manufactured from 1971 to 1989 by Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A of Italy, a new company owned by Alfa Romeo and Finmeccanica.

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Alfa Romeo Giulia

Alfa Romeo Giulia is the name of three not directly related models by the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo.

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All-wheel drive

An all-wheel drive vehicle (AWD vehicle) is one with a powertrain capable of providing power to all its wheels, whether full-time or on-demand.

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Alvis 12/50

The Alvis 12/50 is a car introduced by British business Alvis Car and Engineering Company Ltd in 1923.

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Alvis Car and Engineering Company

Alvis Car and Engineering Company Ltd was a British manufacturing company in Coventry from 1919 to 1967.

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Ateliers de Construction Mecanique l'Aster

L'Aster, Aster, Ateliers de Construction Mecanique l'Aster, was a French manufacturer of automobiles and the leading supplier of engines to other manufacturers from the late 1890s until circa 1910/12.

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Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.

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Audi Front

Initially presented early in 1933, the Audi Front UW 220 was Europe’s first car to combine front-wheel drive with a six-cylinder engine.

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Autobianchi (literally translated "Bianchicar" or "Bianchimobile") was an Italian automobile manufacturer, created jointly by Bianchi, Pirelli and Fiat in 1955.

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Autobianchi Primula

The Autobianchi Primula is a supermini economy car manufactured between 1964 and 1970 by the Italian automaker Autobianchi, a now defunct subsidiary of the Fiat Group.

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Automobile (magazine)

Automobile is an American automobile magazine published by TEN: The Enthusiast Network.

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Automobile layout

In automotive design, the automobile layout describes where on the vehicle the engine and drive wheels are found.

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An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.

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Bonneville Salt Flats

The Bonneville Salt Flats is a densely packed salt pan in Tooele County in northwestern Utah.

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British Motor Corporation

The British Motor Corporation Limited (BMC) was a UK-based vehicle manufacturer, formed in early 1952 to give effect to an agreed merger of the Morris and Austin businesses.

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BSA cars

BSA cars were manufactured between 1907 and 1912 in Birmingham then until 1939 in Coventry as well as Birmingham, England.

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Bubble car

Heinkel Kabine Bubble car is a subjective term used for some small, economical microcars, usually produced in the 1950s and 1960s.

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Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

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Buckminster Fuller

Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983) was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist.

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Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.

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Cadillac Catera

The Cadillac Catera is a four-door, five passenger luxury sedan manufactured from 1996 to 2001 in Rüsselsheim, Germany by Opel, and marketed in the United States by Cadillac as a rebadged variant of the Opel Omega B — with approximately 95,000 in total sales over five model years.

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Cadillac Eldorado

The Cadillac Eldorado is a personal luxury car that was manufactured and marketed by Cadillac from 1952 to 2002 over ten generations.

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Captive import

Captive import is a marketing term and a strategy for a vehicle that is foreign-built and sold under the name of an importer or by a domestic automaker through its own dealer distribution system.

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A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Chevrolet Celebrity

The Chevrolet Celebrity is an automobile that was produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors.

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Chevrolet Citation

The Chevrolet Citation is a range of compact automobiles that was marketed by Chevrolet from the 1980 to 1985 model years.

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Chevrolet Corvette

The Chevrolet Corvette, known colloquially as the Vette or Chevy Corvette, is a sports car manufactured by Chevrolet.

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Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.

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Chrysler 300

The Chrysler 300 is a rear-wheel-drive, front-engine, full-sized luxury car manufactured and marketed by FCA US (and its predecessor companies) as a four-door sedan and station wagon its first generation (model years 2005–2010) and solely as a four-door sedan in its second and current generation (model years 2011–present).

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Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).

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Citroën 2CV

The Citroën 2CV ("deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën for model years 1948–1990. Conceived by Citroën Vice-President Pierre Boulanger to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight. The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension offering a soft ride and light off-road capability. Often called "an umbrella on wheels", the fixed-profile convertible bodywork featured a full-width, canvas, roll-back sunroof, which accommodated oversized loads and until 1955 reached almost to the car's rear bumper. Notably, Michelin introduced and first commercialized the radial tyre with the introduction of the 2CV. Manufactured in France between 1948 and 1988 (and in Portugal from 1988 to 1990), more than 3.8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1.2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. Citroën ultimately offered several mechanically identical variants including the Ami (over 1.8 million); the Dyane (over 1.4 million); the Acadiane (over 250,000); and the Mehari (over 140,000). In total, Citroën manufactured almost 9 million 2CVs and variants. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. From the mid-1950s economy car competition had increased – internationally in the form of the 1957 Fiat 500 and 1955 Fiat 600, and 1959 Austin Mini. By 1952, Germany produced a price competitive car – the Messerschmitt KR175, followed in 1955 by the Isetta – these were microcars, not complete four-door cars like the 2CV. On the French home market, from 1961, the small Simca 1000 using licensed Fiat technology, and the larger Renault 4 hatchback had become available. The R4 was the biggest threat to the 2CV, eventually outselling it. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described "the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford". In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other". The motoring writer L. J. K. Setright described the 2CV as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car", and a car of "remorseless rationality".

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Citroën DS

The Citroën DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and marketed by the French company Citroën from 1955 to 1975 in sedan, wagon/estate and convertible body configurations.

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Citroën Traction Avant

The Citroën Traction Avant is an executive car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën from 1934 to 1957.

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Constant-velocity joint

Constant-velocity joints (also known as homokinetic or CV joints) allow a drive shaft to transmit power through a variable angle, at constant rotational speed, without an appreciable increase in friction or play.

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Corporate average fuel economy

The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are regulations in the United States, first enacted by the United States Congress in 1975, after the 1973–74 Arab Oil Embargo, to improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) produced for sale in the United States.

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Dante Giacosa

Dante Giacosa (3 January 1905 - 31 March 1996) was an Italian automobile designer and engineer responsible for a range of Italian automobile designs — and for refining the front-wheel drive layout to an industry-standard configuration.

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De Dion-Bouton

De Dion-Bouton was a French automobile manufacturer and railcar manufacturer operating from 1883 to 1953.

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Differential (mechanical device)

A differential is a gear train with three shafts that has the property that the rotational speed of one shaft is the average of the speeds of the others, or a fixed multiple of that average.

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DKW (Dampf-Kraft-Wagen, steam-powered car) is a German car and motorcycle marque.

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The DKW F1 was a small car produced by DKW (part of the Auto Union) between 1931 and 1932.

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Dodge 600

The Dodge 600 is a mid-size car that was built by Dodge.

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Dodge Neon SRT-4

The Dodge Neon SRT-4 is a sport compact car manufactured by Dodge from 2003 to 2005.

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Dodge Omni

The Dodge Omni and Plymouth Horizon were subcompact cars produced by Chrysler from December 1977 to 1990.

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Douvrin engine

The Douvrin family was an all-aluminum inline-four automobile engine designed in the early 1970s and produced from 1977 to 1996 by Compagnie Française de Mécanique, a joint-venture between PSA and Renault located in the town of Douvrin in northern France.

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Drive shaft

A drive shaft, driveshaft, driving shaft, propeller shaft (prop shaft), or Cardan shaft is a mechanical component for transmitting torque and rotation, usually used to connect other components of a drive train that cannot be connected directly because of distance or the need to allow for relative movement between them.

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Dymaxion car

The Dymaxion car was designed by American inventor Buckminster Fuller during the Great Depression and featured prominently at Chicago's 1933/1934 World's Fair.

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Economy car

An economy car is an automobile that is designed for low-cost purchase and operation.

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An engine or motor is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy.

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Enzo Ferrari

Enzo Anselmo Ferrari, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (18 February 1898 – 14 August 1988) was an Italian motor racing driver and entrepreneur, the founder of the Scuderia Ferrari Grand Prix motor racing team, and subsequently of the Ferrari automobile marque.

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Fiat 128

The Fiat 128 is a tranverse front-engine, front wheel drive small family car manufactured and marketed by Fiat from 1969 to 1985 as a two- or four-door sedan, three- or five-door station wagon as well as two- or three-door coupé.

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Fiat X1/9

The Fiat X1/9 is a two-seater mid-engined sports car designed by Bertone and manufactured by Fiat from 1972-1982 and subsequently by Bertone from 1982-1989.

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Flat twin engine

A flat-twin is a two-cylinder internal combustion engine with the cylinders on opposite sides of the crankshaft.

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Flat-four engine

A flat-four or horizontally opposed-four is a flat engine with four cylinders arranged in two horizontal banks of two, each bank lying opposite the other, a crankcase between them.

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Ford Escort (North America)

The North American variant of the Ford Escort is a small family/compact car introduced by Ford in 1980 for the 1981 model year.

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Ford Fiesta

The Ford Fiesta is a supermini marketed by Ford since 1976 over seven generations and manufactured globally, including in Europe, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, China, India, Thailand, and South Africa.

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Ford Taurus

The Ford Taurus is an automobile manufactured by Ford in the United States.

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Four-wheel drive

Four-wheel drive, also called 4×4 ("four by four") or 4WD, refers to a two-axled vehicle drivetrain capable of providing torque to all of its wheels simultaneously.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French Grand Prix

The French Grand Prix (Grand Prix de France), formerly known as the Grand Prix de l'ACF, is a auto race held as part of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's annual Formula One World Championship.

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Front mid-engine, front-wheel-drive layout

In automotive design, a Front Mid-engine, Front-wheel-drive layout (sometimes called FMF or just MF) is one in which the front road wheels are driven by an internal-combustion engine placed just behind them, in front of the passenger compartment.

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Front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout

In automotive design, an FF, or front-engine, front-wheel-drive (FWD) layout places both the internal combustion engine and driven roadwheels at the front of the vehicle.

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A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut like teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque.

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Gear train

A gear train is a mechanical system formed by mounting gears on a frame so the teeth of the gears engage.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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GKN plc is a British multinational automotive and aerospace components company headquartered in Redditch, Worcestershire.

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GM B platform

The GM B platform (also known as GM B body), was General Motors' full-size rear-wheel drive automobile platform from 1926-1996.

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GM Sigma platform

Sigma was General Motors' mid-size rear-wheel drive automobile platform.

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Gräf & Stift

Gräf & Stift was an Austrian manufacturer of automobiles, trucks, buses and trolleybuses, from 1902 until 2001, latterly as a subsidiary of MAN.

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Harry Miller (auto racing)

Harold Arminius Miller (December 9, 1875 – May 3, 1943), commonly called Harry, was an American race car designer and builder who was most active in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Hemmings Motor News

Hemmings Motor News is a monthly magazine catering to traders and collectors of antique, classic, and exotic sports cars.

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is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.

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Honda 1300

The Honda 1300 is an automobile which was produced by Japanese manufacturer Honda from 1969 to 1973.

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Honda Accord

The is a series of automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1976, best known for its four-door sedan variant, which has been one of the best-selling cars in the United States since 1989.

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Honda Civic

The is a line of cars manufactured by Honda.

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Honda Legend

The Honda Legend is a V6-engined full-size/ mid-size luxury/ executive car produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1985 that currently serves as its flagship vehicle and provides the basis for the Acura Legend, RL and RLX the flagship vehicle of Honda's luxury Acura division in North America.

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Honda N360

The Honda N360 is a small front-engine, front-wheel drive, two-passenger two-box automobile manufactured and marketed by Honda from March 1967 through 1970 in compliance with Japan's kei car regulations.

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Honda Z

The Honda Z (marketed also as the Z600) is a two-door hatchback kei car/city car manufactured and marketed by the Honda Motor Company, from 1970 until 1974.

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Indianapolis Motor Speedway

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is an automobile racing circuit located in Speedway, Indiana (an enclave suburb of Indianapolis) in the United States.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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J. Walter Christie

John Walter Christie (May 6, 1865 – January 11, 1944) was an American engineer and inventor.

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Kei car

Kei car, K-car, or (pronounced), is the Japanese legal category for the smallest and most limited power, highway-legal motor vehicles, including passenger cars (kei cars or kei-class cars), microvans, and Kei trucks (kei-class pickup trucks).

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Kop Hill Climb

The Kop Hill Climb is a hillclimb in Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire.

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Latil was a French automaker specializing in heavy duty vehicles, such as trucks, tractors and buses, from 1898 to 1955.

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Lloyd Cars Ltd

Lloyd Cars Ltd was a British motor manufacturer, founded by Roland Lloyd (1904–65), son of a garage owner, and based in Patrick Street, Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England between 1936 and 1951.

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Longitudinal engine

In automotive engineering, a longitudinal engine is an internal combustion engine in which the crankshaft is oriented along the long axis of the vehicle, front to back.

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MacPherson strut

The MacPherson strut is a type of automotive suspension system that uses the top of a telescopic damper as the upper steering pivot.

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Menomonie, Wisconsin

Menomonie is a city in and the county seat of Dunn County in the western part of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

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The Mini is a small economy car produced by the English-based British Motor Corporation (BMC) and its successors from 1959 until 2000.

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Moment of inertia

The moment of inertia, otherwise known as the angular mass or rotational inertia, of a rigid body is a tensor that determines the torque needed for a desired angular acceleration about a rotational axis; similar to how mass determines the force needed for a desired acceleration.

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Motor vehicle

A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.

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Nissan GT-R LM Nismo

The Nissan GT-R LM Nismo was a sports prototype racing car built by the Nissan Motor Company and their motorsports division Nismo.

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Nissan Maxima

The Nissan Maxima is a full-size / executive car (previously mid-size) manufactured by Nissan and sold primarily in North America, the Middle East, and China.

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Nissan Sentra

The Nissan Sentra is a car produced by Nissan since 1982.

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Oldsmobile Toronado

The Oldsmobile Toronado is a personal luxury car produced by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992.

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Opel Kadett

The Opel Kadett is a small family car produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel from 1962 until 1991 (the Cabrio continued until 1993), when it was succeeded by Opel Astra.

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Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles.

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Peugeot is a French automotive manufacturer, part of Groupe PSA.

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Princes Risborough

Princes Risborough is an affluent small town in Buckinghamshire, England, about 9 miles south of Aylesbury and 8 miles north west of High Wycombe.

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PSA-Renault X-Type engine

The PSA X engine is a family of internal combustion engines used in Citroën, Peugeot, Talbot and Renault automobiles.

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Rear-engine, front-wheel-drive layout

A rear-engine, front-wheel-drive layout is one in which the engine is between or behind the rear wheels, and drives the front wheels via a driveshaft, the complete reverse of a conventional front-engine, rear-wheel-drive vehicle layout.

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Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.

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Renault 12

The Renault 12 is a large family car introduced by French automaker Renault at the Paris Motor Show in October 1969 and produced in France till 1980.

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Renault 21

The Renault 21 is a large family car produced by French automaker Renault between 1986 and 1994.

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Renault 25

The Renault 25 is an executive car produced by the French automaker Renault from 1983 to 1992.

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Renault 5

The Renault 5 is a supermini produced by French automaker Renault.

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Robert Cumberford

Robert Wayne Cumberford (born August 4, 1935) is a former automotive designer for General Motors, author and design critic – widely known as Automotive Design Editor and outspoken columnist for ''Automobile'' magazine.

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Ruxton (automobile)

The Ruxton was a front-wheel drive automobile produced by the New Era Motors Company of New York, New York, United States, during 1929 and 1930.

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Saab 900

The Saab 900 is a compact luxury automobile which was produced by Saab from 1978 until 1998 in two generations.

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Saab 92

Saab 92 is the first production automobile from Saab.

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Saab Automobile

Saab Automobile AB was a manufacturer of automobiles that was founded in Sweden in 1945 when its parent company, SAAB AB, began a project to design a small automobile.

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Saint-Malo (Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a historic French port in Brittany on the Channel coast.

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Simca (Société Industrielle de Mécanique et Carrosserie Automobile; Mechanical and Automotive Body Manufacturing Company) was a French automaker, founded in November 1934 by Fiat and directed from July 1935 to May 1963 by Italian Henri Théodore Pigozzi.

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Simca-Talbot Horizon

The Horizon is a family hatchback developed by Chrysler Europe and sold in Europe between 1978 and 1987 under the Chrysler, Simca, and Talbot nameplates.

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Société Parisienne

Société Parisienne (Maison Parisienne) was a French manufacturer of velocipedes, bicycles and tricycles from 1876.

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Stoewer was a German automobile manufacturer before World War II whose headquarters were in Stettin (Now Szczecin, Poland).

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Subaru 1000

The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification starting in 1966.

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Suez Crisis

The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.

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A sump (American English and some parts of Canada: oil pan) is a low space that collects often undesirable liquids such as water or chemicals.

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Suzuki Suzulight

Suzulight was the brand used for the kei cars built by the Suzuki Motor Corporation from 1955 to 1969.

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Torque steer

Torque steer is the unintended influence of engine torque on the steering, especially in front-wheel drive vehicles.

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Toyota Camry

The Toyota Camry (Japanese: トヨタ・カムリ Toyota Kamuri) is an automobile sold internationally by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since 1982, spanning multiple generations.

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Toyota Corolla

The Toyota Corolla is a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by Toyota.

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A transaxle is a major automotive mechanical component that combines the functionality of the transmission, axle, and differential into one integrated assembly.

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Transmission (mechanics)

A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.

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Transverse engine

A transverse engine is an engine mounted in a vehicle so that the engine's crankshaft axis is perpendicular to the direction of travel.

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Triumph 1300

The Triumph 1300 is a medium/small 4-door saloon car that was made between 1965 and 1970 by Standard Triumph in Coventry, England, under the control of Leyland Motors.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Universal joint

A universal joint (universal coupling, U-joint, Cardan joint, Spicer or Hardy Spicer joint, or Hooke's joint) is a joint or coupling connecting rigid rods whose axes are inclined to each other, and is commonly used in shafts that transmit rotary motion.

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Utah is a state in the western United States.

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Vanderbilt Cup

The Vanderbilt Cup was the first major trophy in American auto racing.

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Vauxhall Astra

The Vauxhall Astra is a small family car that has been built by Vauxhall since 1979.

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A voiturette is a miniature automobile.

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Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.

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Volkswagen Golf

The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across seven generations, in various body configurations and under various nameplates – such as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada (Mk1 and Mk5), and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico (Mk1).

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Volkswagen Passat

The Volkswagen Passat is a large family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1973, and now in its eighth generation.

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Volvo Cars

Volvo Cars (Volvo personvagnar), stylized as VOLVO in the logo, is a Swedish vehicle manufacturer established in 1927.

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Water cooling

Water cooling is a method of heat removal from components and industrial equipment.

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A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle bearing.

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1925 Indianapolis 500

The 13th International 500-Mile Sweepstakes Race was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on Saturday, May 30, 1925.

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Redirects here:

Front Wheel Drive, Front Wheel Traction, Front drive, Front wheel drive, Front-drive, Front-wheel Drive, Front-wheel-drive.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Front-wheel_drive

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