88 relations: Alaska, Altitude, Atmosphere of Earth, Atmospheric icing, Avalanche, Azores, Île Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Bacteria, Black ice, Cell (biology), Channel Islands (California), Citrus, Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand, Clear ice, Cold hardening, Condensation, Cruciferous vegetables, Cryobiology, Crystal, Ded Moroz, Deposition (phase transition), Depth hoar, Dew, Dew point, Dust bunny, Emissivity, Enthalpy of fusion, Farmer, Florida Keys, Fractal, Fractal dimension, Frost (temperature), Frost crack, Frost heaving, Frost line, Frostbite, Ground frost, Hardiness zone, Heat capacity, Helicopter, Himalayas, Hosta, Humidity, Ice, Ice crystals, Ice-minus bacteria, Icing (nautical), Inversion (meteorology), Jack Frost, ..., Jones & Bartlett Learning, Latent heat, Liquid, Lists of indigenous peoples of Russia, Marlborough Region, Melting point, Molar attenuation coefficient, Mordvins, Nature (journal), Needle ice, Norway, Nucleation, Old English, Pseudomonas syringae, Refrigeration, Refrigerator, Relative humidity, Selective inverted sink, Solanaceae, Springer Science+Business Media, Stockholm, Subtropics, Supercooling, Temperate climate, Temperature, The Mountaineers (club), Thermal insulation, Tissue (biology), Transparency and translucency, Tristan da Cunha, United States, Uruguay, Vineyard, Water vapor, Wind, Wind turbine, Windward and leeward, Yukimarimo. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Atmospheric icing occurs when water droplets in the atmosphere freeze on objects they contact.
An avalanche (also called a snowslide) is a cohesive slab of snow lying upon a weaker layer of snow in the snowpack that fractures and slides down a steep slope when triggered.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Île Amsterdam (also known as Amsterdam Island, New Amsterdam, or Nouvelle Amsterdam, is an island named after the ship Nieuw Amsterdam, in turn named after the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam that later became New York City in the United States. It lies in the southern Indian Ocean. It is part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and, together with neighbouring Île Saint-Paul to the south, forms one of the five districts of the territory. The Martin-de-Viviès research station, first called Camp Heurtin and then La Roche Godon, is the only settlement on the island and is home to about thirty seasonal inhabitants involved in biological, meteorological and geomagnetic studies.
Île Saint-Paul (Saint Paul Island) is an island forming part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, TAAF) in the Indian Ocean, with an area of.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Black ice, sometimes called clear ice, is a thin coating of glaze ice on a surface, especially on roads.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
The Channel Islands are an archipelago of eight islands located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of southern California along the Santa Barbara Channel in the United States of America.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
The Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand (CAA) (Māori: Te Mana Rererangi Tūmatanui o Aotearoa) is the government agency tasked with establishing civil aviation safety and security standards in New Zealand.
Clear ice refers to a solid precipitation which forms when air temperature is between and and there are supercooled, relatively large drops of water (from freezing fog).
Cold hardening is the physiological and biochemical process by which an organism prepares for cold weather.
Condensation is the change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase, and is the reverse of vapourisation.
Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and similar green leaf vegetables.
Cryobiology is the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living things within Earth's cryosphere or in science.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Ded Moroz (Дед Мороз, Ded Moroz; Дзед Мароз, Dzyed Maróz; Дід Мороз, Did Moróz; Russian diminutive Дедушка Мороз, Dédushka Moróz; Montenegrin: Đed Mraz (Ђед Мраз)) is a Slavic fictional character similar to that of Father Christmas.
Deposition is a thermodynamic process, a phase transition in which gas transforms into solid without passing through the liquid phase.
Depth hoar (also called sugar snow) are large crystals occurring at the base of a snowpack that form when uprising water vapor deposits or desublimates onto existing snow crystals.
Dew is water in the form of droplets that appears on thin, exposed objects in the morning or evening due to condensation.
The dew point is the temperature to which air must be cooled to become saturated with water vapor.
Dust Bunnies (or dustbunnies) are small clumps of dust that form under furniture and in corners that are not cleaned regularly.
The emissivity of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in emitting energy as thermal radiation.
The enthalpy of fusion of a substance, also known as (latent) heat of fusion, is the change in its enthalpy resulting from providing energy, typically heat, to a specific quantity of the substance to change its state from a solid to a liquid, at constant pressure.
A farmer (also called an agriculturer) is a person engaged in agriculture, raising living organisms for food or raw materials.
The Florida Keys are a coral cay archipelago located off the southern coast of Florida, forming the southernmost portion of the continental United States.
In mathematics, a fractal is an abstract object used to describe and simulate naturally occurring objects.
In mathematics, more specifically in fractal geometry, a fractal dimension is a ratio providing a statistical index of complexity comparing how detail in a pattern (strictly speaking, a fractal pattern) changes with the scale at which it is measured.
Frost or freezing occurs when the temperature of air falls below the freezing point of water (0 °C, 32 °F, 273.15 K).
Frost crack or Southwest canker is a form of tree bark damage sometimes found on thin barked trees, visible as vertical fractures on the southerly facing surfaces of tree trunks.
Frost heaving (or a frost heave) is an upwards swelling of soil during freezing conditions caused by an increasing presence of ice as it grows towards the surface, upwards from the depth in the soil where freezing temperatures have penetrated into the soil (the freezing front or freezing boundary).
The frost line—also known as frost depth or freezing depth—is most commonly the depth to which the groundwater in soil is expected to freeze.
Frostbite occurs when exposure to low temperatures causes freezing of the skin or other tissues.
Ground frost refers to the various coverings of ice produced by the direct deposition of water vapor on objects and trees, whose surfaces have a temperature below the freezing point of water (0 °C, 32 °F).
A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Hosta (syn. Funkia) is a genus of plants commonly known as hostas, plantain lilies (particularly in Britain) and occasionally by the Japanese name giboshi.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
Ice crystals are solid ice exhibiting atomic ordering on various length scales and include hexagonal columns, hexagonal plates, dendritic crystals, and diamond dust.
Ice-minus bacteria is a common name given to a variant of the common bacterium Pseudomonas syringae (P. syringae).
Icing on ships is a serious hazard where cold temperatures (below about) combined with high wind speed (typically force 8 or above on the Beaufort scale) result in spray blown off the sea freezing immediately on contact with the ship.
In meteorology, an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude.
Jack Frost is the personification of frost, ice, snow, sleet, winter, and freezing cold.
Jones & Bartlett Learning, a division of Ascend Learning, is a provider of instructional, assessment and learning-performance management solutions for the secondary, post-secondary, and professional markets.
Latent heat is thermal energy released or absorbed, by a body or a thermodynamic system, during a constant-temperature process — usually a first-order phase transition.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
The list of indigenous peoples of Russia consists of the following sub-lists.
The Marlborough Region, commonly known simply as Marlborough, is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
The molar attenuation coefficient is a measurement of how strongly a chemical species attenuates light at a given wavelength.
The Mordvins, also Mordva, Mordvinians, Mordovians (эрзят/erzät, мокшет/mokšet, мордва/mordva), are the members of a people who speak a Mordvinic language of the Uralic language family and live mainly in the Republic of Mordovia and other parts of the middle Volga River region of Russia.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Needle ice is a phenomenon that occurs when the temperature of the soil is above and the surface temperature of the air is below.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nucleation is the first step in the formation of either a new thermodynamic phase or a new structure via self-assembly or self-organization.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Pseudomonas syringae is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium with polar flagella.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
A refrigerator (colloquially fridge, or fridgefreezer in the UK) is a popular household appliance that consists of a thermally insulated compartment and a heat pump (mechanical, electronic or chemical) that transfers heat from the inside of the fridge to its external environment so that the inside of the fridge is cooled to a temperature below the ambient temperature of the room.
Relative humidity (RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature.
The selective inverted sink or SIS is a device used by farmers to protect plants from frost, developed by Uruguayan Rafael Guarga in the late 1990s.
The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are an economically important family of flowering plants.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.
Supercooling, also known as undercooling, is the process of lowering the temperature of a liquid or a gas below its freezing point without it becoming a solid.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
The Mountaineers is an outdoor recreation, education, and conservation 501(c)(3) nonprofit based in Seattle, Washington, founded in 1906.
Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (i.e. the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.
Tristan da Cunha, colloquially Tristan, is both a remote group of volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean and the main island of that group.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
A vineyard is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.
A wind turbine is a device that converts the wind's kinetic energy into electrical energy.
Windward is the direction upwind from the point of reference, alternatively the direction from which the wind is coming.
Yukimarimo are balls of fine frost formed at low temperatures on the Antarctic plateau during weak wind conditions.
Advection frost, Black frost, Fern frost, Flood frost, Frost deity, Frost pocket, Frost pockets, Hard frost, Hoar frost, Hoarfrost, Ice flower, Ice flowers, Radiation frost, Surface hoar, White front, White frost, Wind frost, Window frost.