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Fruit anatomy

Index Fruit anatomy

Fruit anatomy is the plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit. [1]

53 relations: Accessory fruit, Ackee, Aggregate fruit, Albedo (disambiguation), Apple, Apricot, Aril, Blackberry, Botany, Carotenoid, Caryopsis, Cellulose, Cherry, Chlorophyll, Chromoplast, Citron, Citrus, Drupe, Enzyme, Epidermis (botany), Essential oil, Fatty acid, Flavonoid, Flower, Fruit, Fruit anatomy, Gynoecium, Hesperidium, Juice vesicles, Limonin, Multiple fruit, Nut (fruit), Ovary (botany), Paraffin wax, Peach, Pecan, Peel (fruit), Pigment, Pineapple, Pith, Plant anatomy, Plum, Raspberry, Receptacle (botany), Rosaceae, Seed, Steroid, Stoma, Strawberry, Succade, ..., Triterpene, Walnut, Xanthophyll. Expand index (3 more) »

Accessory fruit

An accessory fruit (sometimes called false fruit, spurious fruit, pseudofruit, or pseudocarp) is a fruit in which some of the flesh is derived not from the ovary but from some adjacent tissue exterior to the carpel.

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Ackee

The ackee, also known as achee, ackee apple or ayee (Blighia sapida) is a fruit, which is the member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), as are the lychee and the longan.

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Aggregate fruit

A raspberry fruit (shown with a raspberry beetle larva) is an aggregate fruit, an aggregate of drupelets The fruit of an ''Aquilegia'' flower is one fruit that forms from several ovaries of one flower, and it is an aggregate of follicles. However, because the follicles are not fused to one another, it is not considered an aggregate fruit An aggregate fruit or etaerio is a fruit that develops from the merger of several ovaries that were separate in a single flower.

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Albedo (disambiguation)

Albedo is a measure of reflectivity.

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Apple

An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).

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Apricot

An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).

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Aril

An aril (pronounced), also called an arillus, is a specialized outgrowth from a seed that partly or completely covers the seed.

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Blackberry

The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae, hybrids among these species within the subgenus Rubus, and hybrids between the subgenera Rubus and Idaeobatus.

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Botany

Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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Carotenoid

Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.

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Caryopsis

In botany, a caryopsis (plural caryopses) is a type of simple dry fruit—one that is monocarpellate (formed from a single carpel) and indehiscent (not opening at maturity) and resembles an achene, except that in a caryopsis the pericarp is fused with the thin seed coat.

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Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Cherry

A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).

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Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.

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Chromoplast

Chromoplasts are plastids, heterogeneous organelles responsible for pigment synthesis and storage in specific photosynthetic eukaryotes.

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Citron

The citron (Citrus medica) is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind.

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Citrus

Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.

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Drupe

In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

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Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Epidermis (botany)

The word'epidermis' is a single layer of cells that covers the leaves, flowers, roots and stems of plants.

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Essential oil

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.

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Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

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Flavonoid

Flavonoids (or bioflavonoids) (from the Latin word flavus meaning yellow, their color in nature) are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.

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Flower

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Fruit

In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Fruit anatomy

Fruit anatomy is the plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit.

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Gynoecium

Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.

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Hesperidium

A hesperidium (plural hesperidia) is a modified berry with a tough, leathery rind.

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Juice vesicles

The juice vesicles (or pulp) of a citrus fruit are the membranous content of the fruit’s endocarp.

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Limonin

Limonin is a limonoid, and a bitter, white, crystalline substance found in citrus and other plants.

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Multiple fruit

Multiple fruits, also called collective fruits, are fruiting bodies formed from a cluster of fruiting flowers, the inflorescence.

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Nut (fruit)

A nut is a fruit composed of an inedible hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible.

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Ovary (botany)

In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.

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Paraffin wax

Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.

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Peach

The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated.

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Pecan

The pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is a species of hickory native to Mexico and the Southern United States.

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Peel (fruit)

Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off.

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Pigment

A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.

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Pineapple

The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with an edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, also called pineapples, and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae.

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Pith

Pith, or medulla, is a tissue in the stems of vascular plants.

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Plant anatomy

Plant anatomy or phytotomy is the general term for the study of the internal structure of plants.

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Plum

A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit).

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Raspberry

The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus; the name also applies to these plants themselves.

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Receptacle (botany)

In botany, the receptacle or torus (an older term is thalamus, as in Thalamiflorae) is the thickened part of a stem (pedicel) from which the flower organs grow.

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Rosaceae

Rosaceae, the rose family, is a medium-sized family of flowering plants, including 4,828 known species in 91 genera.

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Seed

A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

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Steroid

A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

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Stoma

In botany, a stoma (plural "stomata"), also called a stomata (plural "stomates") (from Greek στόμα, "mouth"), is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange.

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Strawberry

The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.

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Succade

Succade is the candied peel of any of the citrus species, especially from the citron or Citrus medica which is distinct with its extra thick peel; in addition, the taste of the inner rind of the citron is less bitter than those of the other citrus.

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Triterpene

Triterpenes are a class of chemical compounds composed of three terpene units with the molecular formula C30H48; they may also be thought of as consisting of six isoprene units.

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Walnut

A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.

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Xanthophyll

Xanthophylls (originally phylloxanthins) are yellow pigments that occur widely in nature and form one of two major divisions of the carotenoid group; the other division is formed by the carotenes.

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Redirects here:

Angiocarpy, Apicarp, Endocarp, Endocarpy, Epicarp, Exocarp, Flavedo, Fruit Anatomy, Mesocarp, Pericarp, Sarcocarp.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruit_anatomy

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