174 relations: Alcohol fuel, Alternative fuel, Ammonia, Anthracite, Atomic battery, Atomic nucleus, Australopithecus, Automotive industry, Barbecue, Basic Books, BBC News, Biodiesel, Biofuel, Biomass, Bitumen-based fuel, Blast furnace, Briquette, Butane, Capacitor, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Cell (biology), Cellular respiration, Cereal, Chain reaction, Charcoal, Chemical energy, CNO cycle, Coal, Coal gas, Coal tar, Coke (fuel), Combustion, Compressed natural gas, Cooking, Crust (geology), Cryogenic fuel, Diesel fuel, Earth, Effects of global warming, Electric battery, Electrical energy, Electricity, Electricity generation, Emulsified fuel, Energy, Energy density, Energy Information Administration, Ethanol, ..., Feces, Filling station, Fire making, Fissile material, Flywheel, Fossil, Fossil fuel, Fuel card, Fuel cell, Fuel gas, Fuel management systems, Fuel oil, Fuel poverty, Furnace, Gas, Gas explosion, Gasoline, Georgius Agricola, Geothermal power, Global warming, Greenhouse gas, Heat, Heat engine, Helium, Hexamine fuel tablet, Homo, Homo erectus, Horsepower-hour, HVAC, Hydrocarbon, Hydroelectricity, Hydrogen, Hydrogen economy, Hydrogen fuel, Hypergolic propellant, Industrial Revolution, Inertial confinement fusion, Instrumental temperature record, Internal combustion engine, Iron-56, Isotopes of nickel, ITER, Joule, Kerosene, Kerosene lamp, Kilogram, Kilowatt hour, Kinetic energy, Liquefaction of gases, Liquefied petroleum gas, Liquid fuel, Locomotive, London, Maize, Marine fuel management, Mechanical energy, Methane, Methane clathrate, Methanol, Mikhail Lomonosov, Naphtha, Natural gas, Natural resource, Neutron, Neutron moderator, Nitromethane, Non-renewable resource, Nuclear fission, Nuclear fuel, Nuclear fuel cycle, Nuclear fusion, Nuclear power, Nuclear reactor, Nuclear weapon, Nuclide, Odorizer, Oil sands, Organism, Orimulsion, Outline of energy, Peat, Pellet fuel, Petroleum, Plutonium-238, Plutonium-239, Propane, Propellant, Proton, Proton–proton chain reaction, Radiant energy, Radiative forcing, Radioactive decay, Radioisotope thermoelectric generator, Recycled fuel, Renewable energy, Richard Leakey, Rye, Saterland, Scientific opinion on climate change, Solar energy, Solid, Solid fuel, Solid-propellant rocket, Specific energy, Star, Steam engine, Steam locomotive, Stoichiometry, Swartkrans, Tidal power, Tonne, Tritium, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Uranium-235, Volatility (chemistry), Waste-to-energy, Water gas, Wheat, Wind power, Wood, Wood fuel, Work (physics), World Bank, World energy consumption. Expand index (124 more) » « Shrink index
Alcohols have been used as a fuel.
Alternative fuels, known as non-conventional and advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels like; fossil fuels (petroleum (oil), coal, and natural gas), as well as nuclear materials such as uranium and thorium, as well as artificial radioisotope fuels that are made in nuclear reactors.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Anthracite, often referred to as hard coal, is a hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster.
The terms atomic battery, nuclear battery, tritium battery and radioisotope generator are used to describe a device which uses energy from the decay of a radioactive isotope to generate electricity.
The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.
Australopithecus (informal australopithecine or australopith, although the term australopithecine has a broader meaning as a member of the subtribe Australopithecina which includes this genus as well as Paranthropus, Kenyanthropus, Ardipithecus, and Praeanthropus) is an extinct genus of hominins.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Barbecue or barbeque (informally BBQ or barbie) is a cooking method, a style of food, and a name for a meal or gathering at which this style of food is cooked and served.
Basic Books is a book publisher founded in 1952 and located in New York, now an imprint of Hachette Books.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
Bitumen-based fuel is fuel specifically developed for industrial use.
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.
A briquette (or briquet) is a compressed block of coal dust or other combustible biomass material such as charcoal, sawdust, wood chips, peat, or paper used for fuel and kindling to start a fire.
Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon atoms.
A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
A chain reaction is a sequence of reactions where a reactive product or by-product causes additional reactions to take place.
Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.
In chemistry, chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances.
The CNO cycle (for carbon–nitrogen–oxygen) is one of the two known sets of fusion reactions by which stars convert hydrogen to helium, the other being the proton–proton chain reaction.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coal gas is a flammable gaseous fuel made from coal and supplied to the user via a piped distribution system.
Coal tar is a thick dark liquid which is a by-product of the production of coke and coal gas from coal.
Coke is a fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities, usually made from coal.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) (methane stored at high pressure) is a fuel which can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.
Cooking or cookery is the art, technology, science and craft of preparing food for consumption.
In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.
Cryogenic fuels are fuels that require storage at extremely low temperatures in order to maintain them in a liquid state.
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
The effects of global warming are the environmental and social changes caused (directly or indirectly) by human emissions of greenhouse gases.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
Electrical energy is the energy newly derived from electric potential energy or kinetic energy.
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.
Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy.
Emulsified Fuels are emulsions composed of water and a combustible liquid, either oil or a fuel.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.
A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.
Fire making, fire lighting or fire craft is the process of starting a fire artificially.
In nuclear engineering, fissile material is material capable of sustaining a nuclear fission chain reaction.
A flywheel is a mechanical device specifically designed to efficiently store rotational energy.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
A fuel card or fleet card is used as a payment card most commonly for gasoline, diesel, and other fuels at gas stations.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
Fuel gas is any one of a number of fuels that under ordinary conditions are gaseous.
Fuel management systems are used to maintain, control and monitor fuel consumption and stock in any type of industry that uses transport, including rail, road, water and air, as a means of business.
Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.
A household is said to be in fuel poverty when its members cannot afford to keep adequately warm at a reasonable cost, given their income.
A furnace is a device used for high-temperature heating.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
A gas explosion is an explosion resulting from mixing a gas, typically from a gas leak, with air in the presence of an ignition source.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
Georgius Agricola (24 March 1494 – 21 November 1555) was a German mineralogist and metallurgist.
Geothermal power is power generated by geothermal energy.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
In thermodynamics, a heat engine is a system that converts heat or thermal energy—and chemical energy—to mechanical energy, which can then be used to do mechanical work.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
A hexamine fuel tablet is a form of solid fuel in tablet form.
Homo (Latin homō "human being") is the genus that encompasses the extant species Homo sapiens (modern humans), plus several extinct species classified as either ancestral to or closely related to modern humans (depending on a species), most notably Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis.
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
A horsepower-hour (hph or hp⋅h) is an outdated unit of energy, not used in the SI system of units.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
The hydrogen economy is a proposed system of delivering energy using hydrogen.
Hydrogen fuel is a zero-emission fuel when burned with oxygen.
A hypergolic propellant combination used in a rocket engine is one whose components spontaneously ignite when they come into contact with each other.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is a type of fusion energy research that attempts to initiate nuclear fusion reactions by heating and compressing a fuel target, typically in the form of a pellet that most often contains a mixture of deuterium and tritium.
The instrumental temperature record provides the temperature of Earth's climate system from the historical network of in situ measurements of surface air temperatures and ocean surface temperatures.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
Iron-56 (56Fe) is the most common isotope of iron.
Naturally occurring nickel (28Ni) is composed of five stable isotopes;,,, and with being the most abundant (68.077% natural abundance).
ITER (Latin for "the way") is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject, which will be the world's largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.
A kerosene lamp (also known as a paraffin lamp in some countries) is a type of lighting device that uses kerosene (paraffin) as a fuel.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
The kilowatt hour (symbol kWh, kW⋅h or kW h) is a unit of energy equal to 3.6 megajoules.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
Liquefaction of gases is physical conversion of a gas into a liquid state (condensation).
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
Liquid fuels are combustible or energy-generating molecules that can be harnessed to create mechanical energy, usually producing kinetic energy; they also must take the shape of their container.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Marine fuel management (MFM) is a multi-level approach to measuring, monitoring, and reporting fuel usage on a boat or ship, with the goals of reducing fuel usage, increasing operational efficiency, and improving fleet management oversight.
In physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Methane clathrate (CH4·5.75H2O) or (4CH4·23H2O), also called methane hydrate, hydromethane, methane ice, fire ice, natural gas hydrate, or gas hydrate, is a solid clathrate compound (more specifically, a clathrate hydrate) in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming a solid similar to ice.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (ləmɐˈnosəf|a.
Naphtha is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
In nuclear engineering, a neutron moderator is a medium that reduces the speed of fast neutrons, thereby turning them into thermal neutrons capable of sustaining a nuclear chain reaction involving uranium-235 or a similar fissile nuclide.
Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula.
A non-renewable resource (also called a finite resource) is a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames.
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.
The nuclear fuel cycle, also called nuclear fuel chain, is the progression of nuclear fuel through a series of differing stages.
In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons).
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
A nuclide (from nucleus, also known as nuclear species) is an atomic species characterized by the specific constitution of its nucleus, i.e., by its number of protons Z, its number of neutrons N, and its nuclear energy state.
An odorizer is a device that adds an odorant to a gas.
Oil sands, also known as tar sands or crude bitumen, or more technically bituminous sands, are a type of unconventional petroleum deposit.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Orimulsion is a registered trademark name for a bitumen-based fuel that was developed for industrial use by Intevep, the Research and Development Affiliate of Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA), following earlier collaboration on oil emulsions with BP.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to energy: Energy – in physics, this is an indirectly observed quantity often understood as the ability of a physical system to do work on other physical systems.
Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.
Pellet fuels (or pellets) are biofuels made from compressed organic matter or biomass.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Plutonium-238 (also known as Pu-238 or 238Pu) is a radioactive isotope of plutonium that has a half-life of 87.7 years.
Plutonium-239 is an isotope of plutonium.
Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
The proton–proton chain reaction is one of the two (known) sets of fusion reactions by which stars convert hydrogen to helium.
In physics, and in particular as measured by radiometry, radiant energy is the energy of electromagnetic and gravitational radiation.
Radiative forcing or climate forcing is the difference between insolation (sunlight) absorbed by the Earth and energy radiated back to space.
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
A Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG, RITEG) is an electrical generator that uses an array of thermocouples to convert the heat released by the decay of a suitable radioactive material into electricity by the Seebeck effect.
Recycled fuel is fuel made of residues as CO2 produced by using a primary fuel.
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
Richard Erskine Frere Leakey FRS (born 19 December 1944) is a Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist, and politician.
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Saterland (Saterland Frisian: Seelterlound) is a municipality in the district of Cloppenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The scientific opinion on climate change is the overall judgment among scientists regarding the extent to which global warming is occurring, its likely causes, and its probable consequences.
Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
Solid fuel refers to various forms of solid material that can be burnt to release energy, providing heat and light through the process of combustion.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
Specific energy is energy per unit mass.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.
Swartkrans is a fossil-bearing cave designated as a South African National Heritage Site, located about from Johannesburg.
Tidal power or tidal energy is a form of hydropower that converts the energy obtained from tides into useful forms of power, mainly electricity.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Uranium-235 (235U) is an isotope of uranium making up about 0.72% of natural uranium.
In chemistry and physics, volatility is quantified by the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source.
Water gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced from synthesis gas.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
Wind power is the use of air flow through wind turbines to mechanically power generators for electricity.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Wood fuel (or fuelwood) is a fuel, such as firewood, charcoal, chips, sheets, pellets, and sawdust.
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human civilization.