178 relations: Air–fuel ratio, Aircraft engine, Alfa Romeo 6C, Alfa Romeo Montreal, Alternative fuel, American Motors Corporation, Antoinette (manufacturer), Antoinette 8V, Antoinette VII, Aston Martin, Atmospheric pressure, Atomizer nozzle, Audi, Automotive engine, Bendix Corporation, BL S-Series engine, BMW, BMW 801, Brabham, British Racing Motors, Cadillac Seville, Caproni, Carbureted compression ignition model engine, Carburetor, Catalytic converter, Chemical Automatics Design Bureau, Chevrolet, Chevrolet Cosworth Vega, Choke valve, Citroën, Clessie Cummins, Combustion, Combustion chamber, Common rail, Compression ratio, Continental Motors, Inc., Control theory, Cooper Car Company, Daihatsu Compagno, Daimler-Benz DB 601, Daimler-Benz DB 603, Daimler-Benz DB 605, DeLorean Motor Company, DeSoto Adventurer, Diesel engine, Digital data, Dispersion (chemistry), Drag racing, Engine control unit, Engine tuning, ..., Engineer, Equipe Matra Sports, Ferrari, First World, Float chamber, Ford EEC, Ford Motor Company, Formula One, Fuel, Fuel efficiency, Fuel injection, Fuel oil, Fuel starvation, Fuel tank, G-force, Gasoline direct injection, General Motors, Goliath (company), Goliath GP700, Gutbrod, Hall effect sensor, Herbert Akroyd Stuart, Hesselman engine, Homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures, Honda Accord, Honda Vigor, Hot rod, Hot-bulb engine, Ignition timing, Indirect injection, Injector, Internal combustion engine, Isuzu 117 Coupé, Isuzu Piazza, Jaguar Cars, Jaguar XK6 engine, Jetronic, Jonas Hesselman, Junkers Jumo 210, Junkers Jumo 211, Junkers Jumo 213, Kugelfischer, Lamborghini, Land speed record, Léon Levavasseur, Le Mans, Lean-burn, Lucas Industries, MAP sensor, Maserati, Mass flow sensor, Mazda, Mazda Luce, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz 300 SL, Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR, Mercedes-Benz W196, Midget car racing, Mille Miglia, Mitsubishi Kasei, Mitsubishi Kinsei, Mitsubishi Starion, Model year, Motorola, NASCAR, Nissan Cedric, Nissan Gloria, Nissan President, Nissan Y engine, Nissan Z-car, NXP Semiconductors, Open-loop controller, Oval track racing, Oxygen sensor, Petrol engine, Pierre Levegh, Piezoelectricity, Plymouth Fury, Poppet valve, Porsche, Power (physics), Pre-production car, Pressure carburetor, Pulse-width modulation, Rambler Rebel, Revolutions per minute, Road racing, Robert Bosch GmbH, Rochester Products Division, Rolls-Royce Merlin, Rudolf Diesel, Saab Automobile, Shvetsov ASh-82, Spark plug, SPICA, Stirling Moss, Stoichiometry, Stratified charge engine, Stroke (engine), Stuart Hilborn, Subaru EA engine, Subaru Leone, Suction, Team Lotus, Throttle, Torque, Torus, Toyota Celica, Toyota Crown, Toyota Mark II, Toyota Supra, Triumph Motor Company, Tyrrell Racing, Unit injector, United States dollar, V8 engine, Vehicle emissions control, Velocity stack, Venturi effect, Volkswagen, Volkswagen Type 3, Volvo, Volvo 164, Volvo Cars, World War II, Wright R-3350 Duplex-Cyclone, 1955 Le Mans disaster, 2012 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. Expand index (128 more) » « Shrink index
Air–fuel ratio (AFR) is the mass ratio of air to a solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel present in a combustion process.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
The Alfa Romeo 6C name was used on road, race, and sports cars produced between 1927 and 1954 by Alfa Romeo; the "6C" name refers to six cylinders of the car's straight-six engine.
The Alfa Romeo Montreal is a 2+2 coupé sports car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1970 to 1977.
Alternative fuels, known as non-conventional and advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels like; fossil fuels (petroleum (oil), coal, and natural gas), as well as nuclear materials such as uranium and thorium, as well as artificial radioisotope fuels that are made in nuclear reactors.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
Antoinette was a French manufacturer of light petrol engines.
The Antoinette 8V was an early French eight-cylinder, liquid-cooled, V engine, the first gasoline-fueled, spark plug ignition engine of any kind produced with fuel injection in quantity.
The Antoinette VII was an early French aircraft, flown in 1909.
Aston Martin Lagonda Limited is a British manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. It was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford. Steered from 1947 by David Brown, it became associated with expensive grand touring cars in the 1950s and 1960s, and with the fictional character James Bond following his use of a DB5 model in the 1964 film Goldfinger. Their sports cars are regarded as a British cultural icon. Aston Martin has held a Royal Warrant as purveyor of motorcars to the Prince of Wales since 1982. It has over 150 car dealerships in over 50 countries on six continents making them a global automobile brand. Their headquarters and the main production site are in Gaydon, Warwickshire, England, alongside one of Jaguar Land Rover's development centres on the site of a former RAF V Bomber airbase. One of Aston Martin's recent cars was named after the 1950s Vulcan Bomber. Aston Martin has exploited its branding for projects including speed boats, submarines, bicycles, monster trucks, clothing and real estate development..
Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).
An atomizer nozzle can take many forms.
Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.
As of 2013 there were a wide variety of propulsion systems available or potentially available for automobiles and other vehicles.
The Bendix Corporation was an American manufacturing and engineering company which during various times in its 60-year existence (1924–1983) made automotive brake shoes and systems, vacuum tubes, aircraft brakes, aeronautical hydraulics and electric power systems, avionics, aircraft and automobile fuel control systems, radios, televisions and computers.
The S-Series is a Straight-4 SOHC internal combustion engine developed by the Austin Rover Group (subsidiary of British Leyland), and produced from 1984 until 1993.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW 801 was a powerful German air-cooled 14-cylinder-radial aircraft engine built by BMW and used in a number of German Luftwaffe aircraft of World War II.
Brabham is the common name for Motor Racing Developments Ltd., a British racing car manufacturer and Formula One racing team.
British Racing Motors (BRM) was a British Formula One motor racing team.
The Cadillac Seville is a luxury car that was manufactured by Cadillac from 1975 to 2004, as a smaller-sized premium Cadillac.
Caproni was an Italian aircraft manufacturer founded in 1908 by Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni.
A carbureted compression ignition model engine, popularly known as a model diesel engine, is a simple compression ignition engine made for model propulsion, usually model aircraft but also model boats.
A carburetor (American English) or carburettor (British English; see spelling differences) is a device that mixes air and fuel for internal combustion engines in the proper ratio for combustion.
A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction).
Chemical Automatics Design Bureau (CADB), also KB Khimavtomatika (Конструкторское бюро химавтоматики, КБХА, KBKhA), is a Russian design bureau founded by the NKAP (People's Commissariat of the Aircraft Industry) in 1941 and led by Semyon Kosberg until his death in 1965.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
The Chevrolet Cosworth Vega is a subcompact four-passenger automobile produced by Chevrolet for the 1975 and 1976 model years.
In an internal combustion engine, a choke valve modifies the air pressure in the intake manifold, thereby altering the ratio of fuel and air quantity entering the engine.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
Clessie Lyle Cummins (December 27, 1888 – August 17, 1968) was the founder of the Cummins Engine Co.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.
Common rail direct fuel injection is a direct fuel injection system for diesel engines.
The static compression ratio of an internal combustion engine or external combustion engine is a value that represents the ratio of the volume of its combustion chamber from its largest capacity to its smallest capacity.
Continental Motors, Inc. is an aircraft engine manufacturer located at the Brookley Aeroplex in Mobile, Alabama, United States.
Control theory in control systems engineering deals with the control of continuously operating dynamical systems in engineered processes and machines.
The Cooper Car Company is a car manufacturer founded in December 1947 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper.
The Daihatsu Compagno is an automobile which was produced by Daihatsu in Japan from 1963 to 1970.
The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II.
The Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine was a German aircraft engine used during World War II.
The Daimler-Benz DB 605 is a German aircraft engine, built during World War II.
The DeLorean Motor Company (DMC) was an American automobile manufacturer originally formed by automobile industry executive John DeLorean in 1975.
The DeSoto Adventurer is an automobile that was produced by DeSoto from 1956 through the 1960 model year.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.
A dispersion is a system in which particles are dispersed in a continuous phase of a different composition (or state).
For the drag queen reality competition program, see RuPaul's Drag Race. Drag racing is a type of motor racing in which automobiles or motorcycles (usually specially prepared for the purpose) compete, usually two at a time, to be first to cross a set finish line.
An engine control unit (ECU), also commonly called an engine control module (ECM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure optimal engine performance.
Engine tuning is an adjustment, modification of the internal combustion engine, or modification to its control unit, otherwise known as its ECU (Engine Control Unit).
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
Matra Company's sports division under the name of Matra Sports, Equipe Matra Elf and Equipe Matra Sports (after a takeover by Simca in 1969 as Matra-Simca Division Automobile) was formed in 1965 and based at Champagne-sur-Seine (1965–1967), Romorantin-Lanthenay (1967–1969) and Vélizy-Villacoublay (1969–1979).
Ferrari N.V. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello.
The concept of First World originated during the Cold War and included countries that were generally aligned with NATO and opposed to the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
A float chamber is a device for automatically regulating the supply of a liquid to a system.
The Ford EEC or Electronic Engine Control is a series of ECU (or Engine Control Unit) that was designed and built by Ford Motor Company.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
Fuel injection is the introduction of fuel in an internal combustion engine, most commonly automotive engines, by the means of an injector.
Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.
In an internal combustion engine, fuel starvation is defined as the failure of the fuel system to supply sufficient fuel to allow the engine to run properly, for example due to blockage, vapor lock, contamination by water, malfunction of the fuel pump or incorrect operation, leading to loss of power or engine stoppage.
A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
In non-diesel internal combustion engines, gasoline direct injection (GDI), also known as petrol direct injection, direct petrol injection, spark-ignited direct injection (SIDI) and fuel-stratified injection (FSI), is a variant of fuel injection employed in modern two-stroke and four-stroke gasoline engines.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
Goliath-Werke Borgward & Co. was a German car manufacturer started by Carl F. W. Borgward and Wilhelm Tecklenborg in 1928, and was part of the Borgward group.
The Goliath GP700 is a small automobile which was manufactured by the Bremen, Germany–based Borgward subsidiary Goliath-Werke Borgward & Co from 1950 to 1957.
Gutbrod was a German manufacturer of cars, motorcycles and small agricultural machinery.
A Hall effect sensor is a transducer that varies its output voltage in response to a magnetic field.
Herbert Akroyd-Stuart (28 January 1864, Halifax, Yorkshire, England – 19 February 1927, Halifax) was an English inventor who is noted for his invention of the hot bulb engine, or heavy oil engine.
The Hesselman engine is a hybrid between a petrol engine and a Diesel engine introduced by Swedish engineer Jonas Hesselman in 1925.
A homogeneous mixture is a solid, liquid, or gaseous mixture that has the same proportions of its components throughout any given sample.
The is a series of automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1976, best known for its four-door sedan variant, which has been one of the best-selling cars in the United States since 1989.
The Honda Vigor was a premium sedan that was sold in Japan through the Honda Verno dealer network from 1981 to 1995 derived from the Honda Accord, and briefly sold in North America from June 1991 to 1994 as the Acura Vigor.
Hot rods are typically old, classic American cars with large engines modified for linear speed.
The hot-bulb engine is a type of internal combustion engine in which fuel ignites by coming in contact with a red-hot metal surface inside a bulb, followed by the introduction of air (oxygen) compressed into the hot-bulb chamber by the rising piston.
In a spark ignition internal combustion engine, Ignition timing refers to the timing, relative to the current piston position and crankshaft angle, of the release of a spark in the combustion chamber near the end of the compression stroke.
Indirect injection in an internal combustion engine is fuel injection where fuel is not directly injected into the combustion chamber.
A steam injector is typically used to deliver cold water to a boiler against its own pressure using its own live or exhaust steam, replacing any mechanical pump.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The Isuzu 117 Coupé is a compact Gran Turismo type 2-door fastback coupé which was produced by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Isuzu between 1968 and 1981.
The Isuzu Piazza is a small, sporty 3-door liftback coupé which was manufactured by Isuzu from 1981 to 1992 in two generations.
Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.
The Jaguar XK6 dual overhead camshaft (DOHC) inline 6-cylinder engine was introduced by Jaguar Cars in 1949 and manufactured through 1992.
Jetronic is a trade name of a fuel injection technology for automotive petrol engines, developed and marketed by Robert Bosch GmbH from the 1960s onwards.
Jonas Hesselman (18771957), was a Swedish engineer.
The Jumo 210 was Junkers Motoren's first production inverted V12 gasoline aircraft engine, produced just before the start of World War II.
The Jumo 211 was an inverted V-12 aircraft engine, Junkers Motoren's primary aircraft engine of World War II.
The Junkers Jumo 213 was a World War II-era V-12 liquid-cooled aircraft engine, a development of Junkers Motoren's earlier design, the Jumo 211.
Kugelfischer is the name for a mechanical fuel injection (MFI) pump.
Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in Sant'Agata Bolognese and tractors Lamborghini Trattori in Pieve di Cento, Italy.
The land speed record (or absolute land speed record) is the highest speed achieved by a person using a vehicle on land.
Léon Levavasseur (8 January 1863 – 26 February 1922) was a French powerplant engineer, aircraft designer and inventor.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
Lean-burn refers to the burning of fuel with an excess of air in an internal combustion engine.
Lucas Industries plc was a Birmingham-based British manufacturer of motor industry and aerospace industry components.
The manifold absolute pressure sensor (MAP sensor) is one of the sensors used in an internal combustion engine's electronic control system.
Maserati is an Italian luxury vehicle manufacturer established on 1 December 1914, in Bologna.
A mass (air) flow sensor (MAF) is a sensor used to determine the mass flow rate of air entering a fuel-injected internal combustion engine.
, commonly referred to as simply Mazda, is a Japanese multinational automaker based in Fuchū, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
The Mazda Luce is an executive car that was produced by Mazda in Japan from 1969 until 1991.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
The Mercedes-Benz 300 SL (W198) was the first iteration of the SL-Class grand tourer and fastest production car of its day.
The Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR (W196S) was an iconic 2-seat sports racer that took sportscar racing by storm in 1955, winning that year's World Sportscar Championship before a catastrophic crash and fire at Le Mans ended its domination prematurely.
The Mercedes-Benz W196 was a Formula One racing car produced by Mercedes-Benz for the and F1 seasons.
Midget cars, also speedcars in Australia, is a class of racing cars.
The Mille Miglia (Thousand Miles) was an open-road endurance race which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen before the war, eleven from 1947).
The was a two-row, 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and used in a variety of World War II Japanese aircraft, such as Mitsubishi J2M and Mitsubishi G4M.
The was a 14-cylinder, air-cooled, twin-row radial aircraft engine developed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in Japan in 1934 for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The Mitsubishi Starion was a two-door, turbocharged four-cylinder rear-wheel drive four-seat hatchback sports car that was manufactured by Mitsubishi from 1982 to 1989.
The model year (MY) of a product is a number used worldwide, but with a high level of prominence in North America, to describe approximately when a product was produced, and it usually indicates the coinciding base specification (design revision number) of that product.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is an American auto racing sanctioning and operating company that is best known for stock-car racing.
The Nissan Cedric is a large automobile produced by Nissan since 1960.
The Gloria (日産・グロリア) is a large luxury car made from 1959 by the Prince Motor Company, and later by Nissan Motors since its merger with the former - hence being originally marketed as Prince Gloria and later as Nissan Gloria.
The Nissan President (Japanese: 日産・プレジデント Nissan Purejidento) was a Japanese luxury limousine produced by Nissan from 1965 to 2010.
The Y40 was a special water-cooled OHV V8 engine produced for the Nissan President Limousine between 1965 and 1973.
The Nissan Z-car is a sports car which has been manufactured by Nissan Motors Ltd, in six generations, since 1969.
NXP Semiconductors N.V. is a Dutch global semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
In an open-loop controller, also called a non-feedback controller, the control action from the controller is independent of the "process output", which is the process variable that is being controlled.
Oval track racing is a form of closed-circuit automobile racing that is contested on an oval-shaped track.
An oxygen sensor (or lambda sensor) is an electronic device that measures the proportion of oxygen (O2) in the gas or liquid being analysed.
A petrol engine (known as a gasoline engine in American English) is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition, designed to run on petrol (gasoline) and similar volatile fuels.
Pierre Eugène Alfred Bouillin (22 December 1905 – 11 June 1955) was a French sportsman and racing driver.
Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.
The Plymouth Fury is a model of automobile which was produced by Plymouth from 1955 to 1989.
A poppet valve (also called mushroom valve) is a valve typically used to control the timing and quantity of gas or vapour flow into an engine.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
Pre-production cars are vehicles that allow the automaker to find problems before a new model goes on sale to the public.
A pressure carburetor is a type of fuel metering system manufactured by the Bendix Corporation for piston aircraft engines, starting in the 1940s.
Pulse-width modulation (PWM), or pulse-duration modulation (PDM), is a modulation technique used to encode a message into a pulsing signal.
The Rambler Rebel is an automobile that was produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) of Kenosha, Wisconsin for the 1957–1960 model years, as well as again for 1966 and 1967.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
In North America, road racing is motor racing held on a paved closed circuit with both left and right turns.
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
Rochester Products Division (RPD) was a division of General Motors that manufactured carburetors, and related components including emissions control devices and cruise control systems in Rochester, New York.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.
Saab Automobile AB was a manufacturer of automobiles that was founded in Sweden in 1945 when its parent company, SAAB AB, began a project to design a small automobile.
The Shvetsov ASh-82 (M-82) is a Soviet 14-cylinder, two-row, air-cooled radial aircraft engine developed from the Shvetsov M-62.
A spark plug (sometimes, in British English, a sparking plug, and, colloquially, a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine.
SPICA S.p.A. (Società Pompe Iniezione Cassani & Affini) was an Italian manufacturer of fuel injection systems.
Sir Stirling Craufurd Moss (born 17 September 1929) is a British former Formula One racing driver.
Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.
A stratified charge engine describes a certain type of internal combustion engine, usually spark ignition (SI) engine that can be used in trucks, automobiles, portable and stationary equipment.
In the context of an Internal combustion engine, the term stroke has the following related meanings.
Stuart Hilborn (9 October 1917 – 16 December 2013), was born in Calgary, Canada.
The Subaru EA engine is a series of automobile internal combustion engines manufactured by Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries.
The Subaru Leone is a compact car produced by the Japanese car manufacturer Subaru from 1971 to 1994.
Suction is the flow of a fluid into a partial vacuum, or region of low pressure.
Team Lotus was the motorsport sister company of English sports car manufacturer Lotus Cars.
A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
In geometry, a torus (plural tori) is a surface of revolution generated by revolving a circle in three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with the circle.
The or was an automobile produced by Toyota from 1970 to 2006.
The Toyota Crown (Japanese: トヨタクラウン Toyota Kuraun) is an automobile which has been produced by Toyota in Japan since 1955.
The Toyota Mark II was a mid-size sedan manufactured and marketed in Japan by Toyota between 1968 and 2004.
The is a sports car/grand tourer that was produced by Toyota Motor Corporation from 1978 to 2002.
The Triumph Motor Company was a British car and motor manufacturing company in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Tyrrell Racing Organisation was an auto racing team and Formula One constructor founded by Ken Tyrrell which started racing in 1958 and started building its own cars in 1970.
Unit injector (UI) is an integrated direct fuel injection system for diesel engines, combining the injector nozzle and the injection pump in a single component.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
Vehicle emissions control is the study of reducing the emissions produced by motor vehicles, especially internal combustion engines.
A velocity stack, 'trumpet, or air horn, is a trumpet-shaped device of differing lengths which is fitted to the air entry of an engine's intake system, carburetor or fuel injection.
The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section (or choke) of a pipe.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
The Volkswagen Type 3 is a compact car that was manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen from 1961 to 1973.
The Volvo Group (Volvokoncernen; legally Aktiebolaget Volvo, shortened to AB Volvo) (stylized as VOLVO) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg.
The Volvo 164 is a 4-door, 6-cylinder luxury sedan unveiled by Volvo at the Paris Motor Show early in October 1968 and first sold as a 1969 model.
Volvo Cars (Volvo personvagnar), stylized as VOLVO in the logo, is a Swedish vehicle manufacturer established in 1927.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Wright R-3350 Duplex-Cyclone was one of the most powerful radial aircraft engines produced in the United States.
The 1955 Le Mans disaster occurred during the 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race at Circuit de la Sarthe in Le Mans, France on 11 June 1955.
The 2012 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series was the 64th season of professional stock car racing in the United States and the 41st modern-era Cup season.
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