326 relations: Aïcha Bah Diallo, Abass Bundu, Abdel Kader Baba-Laddé, Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori, Abubakar Olusola Saraki, Adama Barrow, Adamawa Emirate, Adamawa Plateau, Adame Ba Konaré, Addi Bâ, Adiato Djaló Nandigna, Ado Bayero, Ahmadou Ahidjo, Ahmadu Bello, Ahmadu Tall, Al-Andalus, Alfaya (party), Alhaji Lamrana Bah, Ali Darassa, Almami, Almohad Caliphate, Almoravid dynasty, Alpha Timbo, Amadou Bamba, Amadou Cissé, Amadou Hampâté Bâ, Amadou Toumani Touré, Amber, Americas, Amina J. Mohammed, Anglicisation, Animal trypanosomiasis, Anthony Diallo, Arabic, Askia Mohammad I, Askia Muhammad, Askia Musa, Atiku Abubakar, Atlantic slave trade, Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, Ba Mamadou Mbaré, Baaba Maal, Baciro Djá, Bambara language, Bamileke people, Bandiagara, Baréma Bocoum, Barry Diawadou, Barry III, Barry Moussa Barqué, ..., Battle of Porédaka, Bauchi, Bauchi Emirate, Bénéwendé Stanislas Sankara, Bello Bouba Maigari, Benin, Benue River, Bilali Document, Birnin Kebbi, Blue Nile, Bokar Biro, Borgu, Boubacar Yacine Diallo, Bukola Saraki, Bundu, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Caste systems in Africa, Cattle, Cellou Dalein Diallo, Central Africa, Central African Republic, Central Sudanic languages, Chad, Chadian Arabic, Chadic languages, Chamba people, Chari-Baguirmi (region), Chernor Maju Bah, Communal conflicts in Nigeria, Couscous, Dalaba, Darfur, Desertification, Diafarabé, Diallo Telli, Diffa, Djibo, Djibo Leyti Kâ, Djibril Tamsir Niane, Dori, Burkina Faso, E. D. Morel, Egypt, El Hadj Umar Tall, Empire of Great Fulo, English language, Faro River, Fatoumata Tambajang, Ferlo Desert, Fouta Djallon, French language, Fugumba, Fula jihads, Fula language, Fulani hat, Fulani War, Futa Tooro, Gao Empire, Garoua, Gbemisola Ruqayyah Saraki, Georgia (U.S. state), Ghana, Ghana Empire, Girei, Goat, Gombe Emirate, Gombe State, Gombe, Gombe, Gorom-Gorom, Gourd, Gourma Province, Griot, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guinean languages alphabet, Gwandu, Hadejia, Halifa Sallah, Hama Amadou, Hama Arba Diallo, Hamat Bah, Hamdullahi, Hamidou Diallo, Haplogroup A (Y-DNA), Haplogroup E-M132, Haplogroup E-M215 (Y-DNA), Haplogroup E-V38, Haplogroup E-V68, Haplogroup R1, Haplogroup T-M184, Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Hausa language, Hausa people, Hausa–Fulani, Henna, Hinterland, Homonym, Iberian Peninsula, Ibn Battuta, Ibrahim Dabo, Ibrahim Gambari, Ibrahim Sori, Ikelan, Ilorin, Imamate of Futa Jallon, Imamate of Futa Toro, Indigo, Inner Niger Delta, Ira Aldridge, Isatou Njie-Saidy, Islam, Issa Hayatou, Ivory Coast, Jalingo, Jihad, Jobawa, John Fage, Jos Plateau, Jukun people (West Africa), Kaédi, Kamerun, Kanem–Bornu Empire, Kanembu people, Kano, Kano Emirate, Kanuri people, Karamokho Alfa, Kassala, Katoucha Niane, Katsina, Kayes, Kebbi State, Kordofan, Koumbi Saleh, Labé, Liberia, Lingua franca, List of Latin-script digraphs, List of Sultans of Sokoto, Lucayan Archipelago, Maba Diakhou Bâ, Macky Sall, Mali, Mali Empire, Mamadou Dia, Mambilla Plateau, Mamou, Mandé peoples, Manding languages, Mandinka people, Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo, Marianne Gullestad, Maroua, Marrakesh, Massina Empire, Matam, Senegal, Mauritania, Mayo Belwa, Mecca, Middle East, Modibo Adama, Modibo Mohammed Al Kaburi, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh, Mohammed Barkindo, Mopti, Mubi, Muhammad Bala Shagari, Muhammadu Buhari, Muhammadu Dikko, Muhammadu Maccido, Muhammed Bello, Muri, Nigeria, Musa I of Mali, N'Dama, Neneh Cherry, Ngaoundéré, Niger, Niger River, Niger–Congo languages, Nigeria, Nioro du Sahel, Nomad, North Africa, Northern Nigeria Protectorate, Omar A. Jallow, Omar ibn Said, Omar Sy, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Ouaddaï highlands, Oudalan Province, Ousmane Sow, Pastoralism, Pirogue, Pita, Guinea, Podor, Port Sudan, Portuguese language, Pulaar language, Red Fulani cattle, Red Sea, Rey Bouba, Ruling class, Sa'adu Abubakar, Sahara, Sahel, Sahel Region, Saifoulaye Diallo, Salif Diallo, Sanga cattle, Sanhaja, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, Sapelo Island, Savanna, Ségou, Séno Province, Seku Amadu, Senegal, Senegal River, Sennar, Senufo people, Serer people, Sheep, Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, Shehu Shagari, Sierra Leone, Slave narrative, Sokoto, Sokoto Caliphate, Songhai Empire, Sonni Ali, Soriya, Soum Province, Soumaïla Cissé, South Sudan, Sudan, Sudanese Arabic, Sulayman Bal, Sullubawa, Sundiata Keita, Tahoua, Takrur, Talansan, Tarikh al-Sudan, Tassili n'Ajjer, The Gambia, Thomas Sankara, Tierno Monénembo, Tijaniyyah, Timbo, Timbuktu, Tiv people, Togo, Toucouleur Empire, Toucouleur people, Trade, Tuareg people, Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, Umu Hawa Tejan-Jalloh, UNESCO, Usman dan Fodio, West Africa, Western High Plateau, White Aethiopians, White Fulani cattle, Wodaabe, Wolof language, Wolof people, Xalam, Yacine Diallo, Yarrow Mamout, Yobe State, Yola, Adamawa, Zazzau, Zebu, Zinder. Expand index (276 more) » « Shrink index
Aïcha Bah Diallo is a Guinean education minister and women's rights activist, who served as Minister of Education from 1989 to 1996, and was responsible for implementing major reforms improving education among young girls.
Abass Chernor Bundu (born in Gbinti, Port Loko District) is a Sierra Leonean politician, diplomat, and the current Speaker of the House of Parliament of Sierra Leone, in office since April 25, 2018.
Abdel Kader Baba-Laddé or General Baba Laddé or Mahamat Abdoul Kadre is a Chadian political figure, born on 21 July 1970 in Gounou Gaya.
Abdul-Rahman ibn Ibrahima Sori (عبد الرحمن ابن ابراهيم سوري) (1762–1829) was a West African nobleman and Amir (commander or governor) who was captured in the Fouta Jallon region of Guinea, West Africa and sold to slave traders in the United States in 1788.
Abubakar Olusola Saraki (17 May 1933 – 14 November 2012) was a Nigerian politician, who was a Senator of the Nigerian Second Republic (1979-1983).
Adama Barrow (born 16 February 1965) is a Gambian politician and real estate developer who is the third and current President of the Gambia, in office since 2017.
The Adamawa Emirate (Adamaua; Adamaoua) is a traditional state located in Fombina, an area which now roughly corresponds to areas of Adamawa State and Taraba state in Nigeria, and previously also in the three northern provinces of Cameroon (Far North, North, and Adamawa), including minor Parts of Western Chad and the Central African Republic.
The Adamawa Plateau (Massif de l'Adamaoua) is a plateau region in central Africa stretching from south-eastern Nigeria through north-central Cameroon (Adamawa and North Provinces) to the Central African Republic.
Adame Ba Konaré (born 1 May 1947 in Segu, Mali) is a Malian historian and writer who is married to Alpha Oumar Konaré, former President of Mali.
Addi Bâ Mamadou (real name Mamadou Hady Bah) was born at Pelli-Foulayabé, Bomboli, Guinea on 25 December 1916 and died on 18 December 1943 at Épinal in France.
Adiato Djaló Nandigna (born 6 November 1958) is a Guinea-Bissauan politician and a former acting Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau.
Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo (24 August 1924 – 30 November 1989) was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982.
Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello KBE (June 12, 1910 – January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician who was the first and only premier of the Northern Nigeria region.
Ahmadou Sekou Tall (June 21, 1836 – December 15, 1897) (also Ahmadu Sekou, Ahmad al-Madani al-Kabir at-Tijani) was a Toucouleur ruler (Laamdo Dioulbé) of the Toucouleur Empire (1864–92) and (Faama) of Ségou (now Mali) from 1864 to 1884.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
The Alfaya was the name given to the party from the mid-18th century that favored the clerical successors of the jihad leader Karamoko Alfa in the Imamate of Futa Jallon in what is now Guinea.
Alhaji Lamrana Bah was a successful Sierra Leonean businessman from the Fula ethnic group and one of the country's richest people.
Ali Darassa Mahamat (born 23 July 1965), also known as Ali Nassaraza Darassa, Ali Daras, and Ali Ndarass is Nigerian leader of the Central African rebel group, the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC), which is dominant around Bambari.
Almami (Also: Almamy, Almani, Almany) is a title of West African Muslim rulers, used especially in the conquest states of the 19th century.
The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.
The Almoravid dynasty (Imṛabḍen, ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ; المرابطون, Al-Murābiṭūn) was an imperial Berber Muslim dynasty centered in Morocco.
Alhaji Alpha Osman Timbo (born on April 27, 1961) is a Sierra Leonean politician, educationist, lecturer and trade unionist.
Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba (Aamadu Bamba Mbàkke, أحمد بن محمد بن حبيب الله Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥabīb Allāh, 1850–1927) also known as Khādimu 'r-Rasūl (خادِم الرسول) or "The Servant of the Messenger" and Sëriñ Tuubaa or "Sheikh of Tuubaa", was a Sufi religious leader in Senegal and the founder of the large Mouride Brotherhood (the Muridiyya).
Amadou Boubacar Cissé (born 1948, Afrique Express, December 21, 1996.) is a Nigerien politician.
Amadou Hampâté Bâ (1900/1901 – 1991) was a Malian writer and ethnologist.
Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948;, African Press Agency, 27 March 2007. also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.
Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amina J. Mohammed (born 27 June 1961) is the current Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations and a former Minister of Environment of Federal Republic of Nigeria from November 2015 to December 2016.
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
Animal trypanosomiasis, also known as nagana and nagana pest, or sleeping sickness, is a disease of vertebrates.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Askia Muhammad I (ca. 1443 – 1538), born Muhammad Ture or Mohamed Toure in Futa Tooro, later called Askia, also known as Askia the Great, was an emperor, military commander, and political reformer of the Songhai Empire in the late 15th century.
Askia Muhammad is a poet, journalist, radio producer, commentator, and photojournalist.
Askia Musa or Askiya Musa (ruled 1529–1531) was the 2nd Soninke ruler of the Songhai Empire.
Atiku Abubakar, GCON (born 25 November 1946) is a Nigerian politician, businessman and philanthropist, who served as the second elected vice-president of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007, on the platform of the People's Democratic Party (PDP), with President Olusegun Obasanjo.
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas.
Ayuba Suleiman Diallo (17011773), also known as Job ben Solomon, was a famous Muslim who was a victim of the Atlantic slave trade.
Ba Mamadou dit Mbaré (1946 – 10 January 2013) was a Mauritanian politician who served as President of the Senate of Mauritania from 2007 until his death.
Baaba Maal (born 12 November 1953) is a Senegalese singer and guitarist born in Podor, on the Senegal River.
Baciro Djá was the Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau from 27 May 2016 to 18 November 2016.
The Bambara (Bamana) language, Bamanankan, is a lingua franca and national language of Mali spoken by perhaps 15 million people, natively by 5 million Bambara people and about 10 million second-language users.
The Bamileke is the native group which is now dominant in Cameroon's West and Northwest Regions.
Bandiagara is a small town and urban commune in the Mopti Region of Mali.
Baréma Bocoum (1914, Mopti – 1973) was a Malian politician and diplomat.
Barry Diawadou (1916–1969) was a Guinean civil clerk and politician.
Ibrahima Barry, popularly known as Barry III, (1923, in Bantiŋel, Pita – January 25, 1971, in Conakry) was a Guinean politician.
Barry Moussa Barqué is a Togolese politician who served in the government of Togo under President Gnassingbé Eyadéma for most of the period from 1979 to 1999.
The Battle of Porédaka (13 November 1896) was a minor engagement in which French colonial troops decisively defeated the last forces of the Imamate of Futa Jallon, after which Fouta Djallon was annexed into the Senegambia Confederation.
Bauchi (earlier Yakoba) is a city in northeast Nigeria, the capital of Bauchi State, of the Bauchi Local Government Area within that State, and of the traditional Bauchi Emirate.
The Bauchi Emirate was founded by Fula in the early 19th century in what is now Bauchi State, Nigeria, with its capital in Bauchi.
Bénéwendé Stanislas Sankara (born February 23, 1959) is a Burkinabé politician and the President of the Union for Rebirth/Sankarist Movement (UNIR/MS) party.
Bello Bouba Maigari (born 1947.) is a Cameroonian politician.
Benin (Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.
The Benue River (la Bénoué), previously known as the Chadda River or Tchadda, is the major tributary of the Niger River.
The Bilali Muhammad Document is a handwritten, Arabic manuscript on West African Islamic law.
Birnin Kebbi is a city located in northwestern Nigeria.
The Blue Nile is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.
Bokar Biro Barry (or Boubacar Biro) (died 13 November 1896) was the last independent ruler of the Imamate of Futa Jallon in what is now Guinea.
Borgu (Borgou) is a region in north-west Nigeria and in the northern Republic of Benin.
Boubacar Yacine Diallo (born 18 April 1955 in Mamou is a Guinean journalist, writer and government minister. A graduate of the Academy of Political Science and Journalism in Bucharest, Romania, he has since worked in national broadcasting, and has been the general manager of the Guinean Office of Radio and Television Guinea, Chairman of the National Council of Communication, Minister of Information, and communication adviser of the Presidency of the Republic of Guinea. Since December 24, 2014, he has been a member of the independent national institution for human rights in Guinea.
Bundu (also Bondu, Bondou and Boundou) was a state in Africa, later a French protectorate dependent on the colony of Senegal.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
Caste systems in Africa are a form of social stratification found in numerous ethnic groups, found in over fifteen countries, particularly in the Sahel, West African and North African region.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
Cellou Dalein Diallo (born 3 February 1952, Xinhua, 14 December 2004.) is a Guinean economist and politician who was Prime Minister of Guinea from 2004 to 2006.
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Central Sudanic is a family of about sixty languages that have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan language family.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Chadian Arabic (also known as Shuwa/Shua/Suwa Arabic; لهجة تشادية, Baggara Arabic, and, most recently, within a small scholarly milieu, Western Sudanic Arabic) is one of the regional colloquial varieties of Arabic.
The Chadic languages form a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
The Chamba people, also known as Samba, Tchamba, Tsamba, Daka and Chamba-Ndagan, are an African ethnic group found in the Gongola State of east-central Nigeria and neighboring parts of north Cameroon.
Chari-Baguirmi (شاري باقرمي) is one of the 23 regions of Chad and its capital is Massenya.
Chernor Ramadan Maju Bah(born April 29, 1972) also commonly known by his nickname Chericoco is Sierra Leonean lawyer and politician who is currently the Deputy speaker of parliament of Sierra Leone and Parliamentary Chairman of the Mines and Minerals Resources Committee.
Communal conflicts in Nigeria can be divided into two broad categories.
Couscous is a Maghrebi dish of small (about diameter) steamed balls of crushed durum wheat semolina that is traditionally served with a stew spooned on top.
Dalaba is a town and sub-prefecture in the Dalaba Prefecture in the Mamou Region of Guinea.
Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.
Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.
Diafarabé is a village and rural commune of the Cercle of Ténenkou in the Mopti Region of Mali.
Boubacar Diallo Telli (1925–1977) was a Guinean diplomat and politician.
Diffa is a city and Urban Commune in the extreme southeast of Niger, near that country's border with Nigeria.
Djibo is a town in northern Burkina Faso.
Djibo Leyti Kâ (February 21, 1948 – 14 September 2017) was a Senegalese politician and the Secretary-General of the Union for Democratic Renewal (URD).
Djibril Tamsir Niane (born 9 January 1932) is a historian, playwright, and short story writer, born in Conakry, Guinea.
Dori (also known as Winde or Wendu) is a town in northeastern Burkina Faso.
Edmund Dene Morel (born Georges Eduard Pierre Achille Morel de Ville; 10 July 1873 – 12 November 1924) was a British journalist, author, pacifist, and politician.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
al-Hajj Umar ibn Sa'id al-Futi Tal (حاج عمر بن سعيد طعل), (c. 1794–1864 CE), Umar Saidou Tall, born in Futa Tooro, Senegambia, was a West African political leader, Islamic scholar, Tijani Sufi and Toucouleur military commander who founded a brief empire encompassing much of what is now Guinea, Senegal, and Mali.
The Empire of Great Fulo, also known as the Denanke Kingdom or Denianke Kingdom, was a pre-Islamic Pulaar kingdom of Senegal, which dominated the Futa Tooro region.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The Faro River is a river that flows over the Nigeria–Cameroon border in Africa.
Aja Fatoumata C.M. Jallow-Tambajang (born 22 October 1949) is a Gambian politician and activist who served as Vice-President of the Gambia and Minister of Women's Affairs from February 2017 to June 2018, under President Adama Barrow.
The Ferlo Desert, also known as the Ferio Desert, is a desert in northern-central Senegal.
Fouta Djallon is a highland region in the centre of Guinea, a country in West Africa.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fugumba was the religious center of the Imamate of Futa Jallon.
The Fula or Fulani jihads, were a series of independent but loosely connected events across Africa between the late 18th century and European colonisation, in which Muslim Fulas took control of various parts of the region.
Fula Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh, also known as Fulani or Fulah (Fula: Fulfulde, Pulaar, Pular; Peul), is a language spoken as a set of various dialects in a continuum that stretches across some 20 countries in West and Central Africa.
The Fulani hat is conical fiber hat with leather applications that comes from the Fulani people in West Africa.
The Fulani War of 1804–1808, also known as the Fulani Jihad or Jihad of Usman dan Fodio, was a military contest in present-day Nigeria and Cameroon.
Futa Toro (Wolof and Fuuta Tooro; Fouta-Toro), often simply the Futa, is a semidesert region around the middle run of the Senegal River.
The Gao Empire precedes that of the Songhai Empire in the region of the Middle Niger.
Garoua or Garua (German: Garua) is a port city and the capital of the North Region of Cameroon, lying on the Benue River.
Gbemisola Ruqayyah Saraki is a Nigerian senator who was elected to represent the People's Democratic Party in the Central Senatorial District of Kwara State in April 2003.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
The Ghana Empire (700 until 1240), properly known as Awkar (Ghana or Ga'na being the title of its ruler), was located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.
Girei is a town and local government area of Adamawa State, Nigeria.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
The Gombe Emirate is a traditional state in Nigeria that roughly corresponds in area to the modern Gombe State.
Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from the city of Gombe, is located in the northeastern part of Nigeria, is one of the country's 36 states; its capital is Gombe.
Gombe is the capital city of Gombe State, north-eastern Nigeria, with an estimated population of 261,536.
Gorom-Gorom is a town in northern Burkina Faso.
A gourd is a plant of the family Cucurbitaceae, particularly Cucurbita and Lagenaria or the fruit of the two genera of Bignoniaceae "calabash tree", Crescentia and Amphitecna.
Gourma is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso and is in Est Region.
A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa.
Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (República da Guiné-Bissau), is a sovereign state in West Africa.
Following independence, the government of Guinea adopted rules of transcription for the languages of Guinea based on the characters and diacritic combinations available on typewriters of that period.
Gwandu, also called Gwandu, is a town and emirate in Kebbi State, Nigeria.
Hadejia (also Hadeja, previously Biram) is a Hausa town in eastern Jigawa State, northern Nigeria.
Halifa Sallah (born 1953) is a Gambian politician who is currently a Special Advisor to the President on Governance and the spokesperson for President Adama Barrow's administration.
Hama Amadou (born 1949) is a Nigerien politician who was Prime Minister of Niger from 1995 to 1996 and again from 2000 to 2007.
Hama Arba Diallo (23 March 1939 – 30 September 2014) was a Burkinabé politician, diplomat and civil servant.
Hamat Ngai Kumba Bah is a Gambian politician who is the current Minister of Tourism and Culture in President Adama Barrow's cabinet.
Hamdullahi (also Hamdallahi or Hamdallaye. From the Arabic: praise to God) was a nineteenth-century imamate in what is now the Mopti Region of Mali.
Hamidou Diallo (born July 31, 1998) is an American basketball player.
Haplogroup A is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Haplogroup E-M132, formerly known as E-M33 (E1a), is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
E-M215, also known as E1b1b and formerly E3b, is a major human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Haplogroup E-V38 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Haplogroup E-V68, also known as E1b1b1a, is a major human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup found in North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia and Europe.
Haplogroup R1, or R-M173, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Haplogroup T-M184, also known as Haplogroup T is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Hassan Bubacar Jallow (born 14 August 1951) is a Gambian judge who has served as Chief Justice of the Gambia since February 2017.
Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by some 27 million people, and as a second language by another 20 million.
The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Hausa–Fulani are collectively the Hausa and Fulani people of Africa.
Henna (حِنَّاء) is a dye prepared from the plant Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the Egyptian privet, the sole species of the genus Lawsonia.
Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).
In linguistics, homonyms, broadly defined, are words which sound alike or are spelled alike, but have different meanings.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
Ibrahim Dabo was Emir of Kano from 1819 to 1846.
Ibrahim Agboola Gambari, CFR (born November 24, 1944 in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria) is a Nigerian scholar and diplomat.
Ibrahim Sori (or Ibrahima Sori Barry Mawdo) (died c. 1784) was the leader and held the Royal Title of Emir, the Imamate of Futa Jallon in what is now Guinea in West Africa from around 1751 to 1784.
The Ikelan (Éklan/Ikelan or Ibenheren in Tamasheq; Bouzou in Hausa; Bella in Songhai; singular Akli) are a caste within Tuareg society, who were at one time slaves or servile communities.
Ilorin is the state capital of Kwara in Western Nigeria.
The Imamate of Futa Jallon or Jalon (Fouta Djallon; Fuuta Jaloo or Fuuta Jalon) was a West African theocratic state based in the Fouta Djallon highlands of modern Guinea.
The Imamate of Futa Toro (1776-1861) was a pre-colonial West African theocratic state of the Fula-speaking people (Fulɓe and Toucouleurs) centered on the middle valley of the Senegal River.
Indigo is a deep and rich color close to the color wheel blue (a primary color in the RGB color space), as well as to some variants of ultramarine.
The Inner Niger Delta, also known as the Macina or Masina, is the inland delta of the Niger River.
Ira Frederick Aldridge (July 24, 1807 – August 7, 1867) was an American and later British stage actor and playwright who made his career after 1824 largely on the London stage and in Europe, especially in Shakespearean roles.
Isatou Njie-Saidy (also spelt Aisatu N'Jie-Saidy) (born 5 March 1952) is a Gambian politician.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Issa Hayatou (born 9 August 1946) is a Cameroonian former athlete and sports executive.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.
Jalingo is a city in Northern Nigeria.
Jihad (جهاد) is an Arabic word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim.
The Jobawa are a sub clan of the Fulani ethnic group, Primarily found in the old Eastern Kano they were the First Fulani Clan to make contact with the Hausa People.
John Donnelly Fage (3 June 1921 – 6 August 2002) was a British historian.
The Jos Plateau is a plateau located near the centre of Nigeria.
Jukun are an ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in West Africa.
Kaédi (كيهيدي) is the largest city and administrative center of the Gorgol Region of Southern Mauritania.
German Cameroon (Kamerun) was an African colony of the German Empire from 1884 to 1916 in the region of today's Republic of Cameroon.
The Kanem–Bornu Empire was an empire that existed in modern Chad and Nigeria.
The Kanembu are an ethnic group of Chad, generally considered the modern descendants of the Kanem-Borno Empire.
Kano is the state capital of Kano State in North West, Nigeria.
The Kano Emirate was a religious state in Northern Nigeria, the Emirate was formed in 1805 during the Fulani jihad, when the old Hausa Sultanate of Kano became subject to the Sokoto Caliphate.
The Kanuri people (Kanouri, Kanowri, also Yerwa, Bare Bari and several subgroup names) are an African ethnic group living largely in the lands of the former Kanem and Bornu Empires in Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Karamokho Alfa (born Ibrahima Musa Sambeghu and sometimes called Alfa Ibrahim) (died c. 1751) was a Fula religious leader who led a jihad that created the Imamate of Futa Jallon in what is now Guinea.
Kassala (كسلا,; Cassala) is the capital of the state of Kassala in eastern Sudan.
Katoucha Niane (23 October 1960 – 2 February 2008) was a Senegalese model.
Katsina is a city (formerly a city-state) and a Local Government Area in northern Nigeria and is the capital of Katsina State.
Kayes (Bambara: Kayi, Soninké: Xaayi) is a city in western Mali on the Sénégal River, with a population of 127,368 at the 2009 census.
Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria with its capital at Birnin Kebbi.
Kordofan (كردفان) is a former province of central Sudan.
Koumbi Saleh, sometimes Kumbi Saleh is the site of a ruined medieval town in south east Mauritania that may have been the capital of the Ghana Empire.
Labé is the main city and administrative capital of the Fouta Djallon region of Guinea.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
This is a list of digraphs used in various Latin alphabets.
The Sokoto Caliph was the ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate.
The Lucayan Archipelago (named for the original native Lucayan people), also known as the Bahama Archipelago, is an island group comprising the Commonwealth of The Bahamas and the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
Maba Diakhou Bâ (also Ma Ba Diakhu, Ma Ba Diakho Ba, Ma Ba Jaaxu, Màbba Jaxu Ba) (born 1809 at Tavacaltou – July 1867) was a marabout from Rip, and a disciple of the Tijaniyya Sufi brotherhood.
Macky Sall (born 11 December 1961) is a Senegalese politician who has been President of Senegal since April 2012.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni or Niani; also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, sometimes shortened to Manden) was an empire in West Africa from 1230 to 1670.
Mamadou Dia (18 July 1910 – 25 January 2009) was a Senegalese politician who served as the first Prime Minister of Senegal from 1957 until 1962, when he was forced to resign and was subsequently imprisoned amidst allegations that he was planning to stage a military coup to overthrow President Léopold Sédar Senghor.
The Mambilla Plateau is a plateau in the Taraba State of Nigeria.
Mamou is a city and sub-prefecture in a valley of the Fouta Djallon area of Guinea.
Mandé is a family of ethnic groups in Western Africa who speak any of the many related Mande languages of the region.
The Manding languages (sometimes spelt Manden) are mutually intelligible dialects or languages in West Africa of the Mande family.
The Mandinka (also known as Mandenka, Mandinko, Mandingo, Manding or Malinke) are an African ethnic group with an estimated global population of 11 million (the other three largest ethnic groups in Africa being the unrelated Fula, Hausa and Songhai peoples).
Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo (born March 25, 1958) is a Guinea-Bissau politician who served as President of the National People's Assembly of Guinea-Bissau.
Marianne Gullestad (28 March 1946 – 10 March 2008) was a Norwegian social anthropologist.
Maroua is the capital of the Far North Region of Cameroon, stretching along the banks of the Ferngo and Kaliao Rivers, "in the foothills of the Mandara Mountains." The city had 201,371 inhabitants at the 2005 Census, and is a centre of cotton industry.
Marrakesh (or; مراكش Murrākuš; ⴰⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ Meṛṛakec), also known by the French spelling Marrakech, is a major city of the Kingdom of Morocco.
The Massina Empire (Var.: Maasina or Macina: also: Dina of Massina, Sise Jihad state, and Caliphate of Hamdullahi) was an early nineteenth-century Fulbe Jihad state centered in the Inner Niger Delta area of what is now the Mopti and Ségou Regions of Mali.
Matam is the capital town of the Matam Region in north-east Senegal, and lies on the Sénégal River.
Mauritania (موريتانيا; Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.
Mayo-Belwa is a Local Government Area of Adamawa State in Nigeria.
Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Adama ɓii Ardo Hassana (1786 – 1847), more commonly known as Modibbo Adama, was a Fulani scholar and holy warrior, who hailed from the Ba'en clan of Fulbe.
Modibo Mohammed Al Kaburi was an esteemed scholar of Fula descent from Timbuktu, Mali.
Mohamed Ibn Chambas (born 7 December 1950 in Ghana) is a lawyer, diplomat, politician and academic from Ghana who has served as an international civil servant since 2006.
Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh is a Sierra Leonean politician and the current Vice President of Sierra Leone since April 4, 2018.
Mohammed Sanusi Barkindo (born 20 April 1959, Yola, Nigeria) has been appointed to a three-year term as Secretary General of OPEC with effect from 1 August 2016.
Mopti is a town and an urban commune in the Inner Niger Delta region of Mali.
Mubi is a town in Adamawa North Senatorial Districts in Adamawa state, Northeast, Nigeria.
Retired Captain Muhammad Bala Shagari, (born 17 March 1949) is the District Head of Shagari Local Government, in Sokoto State.
Muhammadu Buhari is the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015.
Alhaji Muhammadu Dikko also known as Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado (1865 – May 1944), was the 47th Emir of Katsina from 9 November 1906 until his death in 1944.
Ibrahim Muhammadu Maccido dan Abubakar (20 April 1928 – 29 October 2006), often shortened to Muhammadu Maccido, was the 19th Sultan of Sokoto in Nigeria.
Muhammed Bello (محمد بلو) was the second Sultan of Sokoto and reigned from 1817 until 1837.
Muri is a town and traditional emirate in the northwestern Taraba State of eastern Nigeria, approximately between 9° and 11° 40′ E. and 7° 10′ and 9° 40′ N. The Benue River is nearby, and the portion on the southern bank of the river is watered by streams flowing from the Cameroon region to the Benue.
Musa I or Mansa Musa was the tenth Mansa, which translates to "sultan", "conqueror", or "emperor", of the wealthy West African Mali Empire.
N'Dama is a breed of cattle from West Africa.
Neneh Mariann Karlsson (born 10 March 1964), better known as Neneh Cherry, is a Swedish singer-songwriter, rapper, occasional DJ and broadcaster.
Ngaoundéré, or N'Gaoundéré, is the capital of the Adamawa Region of Cameroon.
Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.
The Niger River is the principal river of West Africa, extending about.
The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers and number of distinct languages.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Nioro du Sahel often referred to as simply Nioro is a town and urban commune in the Kayes Region of western Mali, 241 km from the city of Kayes.
A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
Northern Nigeria was a British protectorate which lasted from 1900 until 1914 and covered the northern part of what is now Nigeria.
Omar Amadou Jallow is a Gambian politician who is the current Minister of Agriculture in President Adama Barrow's cabinet.
Omar ibn Said (1770–1864) was a writer and Islamic scholar, born and educated in what is now Senegal, who was enslaved and transported to the United States in 1807.
Omar Sy (born 20 January 1978) is a French actor and comedian.
Flag of the Francophonie The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), generally known as the Francophonie (La Francophonie), but also called International Organisation of La Francophonie in English language context, is an international organization representing countries and regions where French is a lingua franca or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers), or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.
Ouaddaï Highlands is an area in east of Chad along the border with Sudan.
Oudalan is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Sahel Region.
Ousmane Sow (10 October 1935 – 1 December 2016) was a Senegalese sculptor of larger-than-life statues of people and groups of people.
Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.
A pirogue, also called a piragua or piraga, can refer to various small boats, particularly dugouts and native canoes.
Pita is a town in the Fouta Djallon highlands of Guinea, lying south west of Labé.
Podor is the northernmost town in Senegal, lying on Morfil Island between the Sénégal River and Doué River.
Port Sudan (بور سودان) is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Pulaar is a Fula language spoken primarily as a first language by the Fula and Toucouleur peoples in the Senegal River valley area traditionally known as Futa Tooro and further south and east.
Red Fulani cattle are found from Mali across Niger and northern Nigeria to Chad and Cameroon.
The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
Rey Bouba is a city in North Region, Cameroon.
The ruling class is the social class of a given society that decides upon and sets that society's political agenda.
Sultan Muhammadu Sa'ad Abubakar III (born August 24, 1956 in Sokoto) is the 20th Sultan of Sokoto, the titular ruler of Sokoto in northern Nigeria, head of Jama’atu Nasril Islam (Society for the Support of Islam - JNI), and president-general of the Nigerian National Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA). As Sultan of Sokoto, he is considered the spiritual leader of Nigeria's seventy-million Muslims, roughly fifty percent of the nation's population. retrieved May 15, 2014 Sa'adu Abubakar succeeded his brother, Muhammadu Maccido, who died on ADC Airlines Flight 53, the flight crashed shortly after takeoff from Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport and had been destined for Sokoto.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.
Sahel is one of Burkina Faso's 13 administrative regions.
Saifoulaye Diallo (1 July 1923 – 25 September 1981) was a Guinean politician, lawmaker and cabinet member.
Salif Diallo (9 May 1957 – 19 August 2017) was a Burkinabé politician who was President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso from 2015 to 2017.
Sanga cattle is the collective name for indigenous cattle of sub-Saharan Africa.
The Sanhaja (Aẓnag, pl. Iẓnagen, and also Aẓnaj, pl. Iẓnajen; صنهاجة, Ṣanhaja) were once one of the largest Berber tribal confederations, along with the Iznaten and Imesmuden confederations.
Muhammadu Sanusi II (CON, born Sanusi Lamido Sanusi 31 July 1961) is the 14th Emir of Kano, who was crowned on 8 June 2014 after the death of his granduncle Ado Bayero (who died on 6 June 2014).
Sapelo Island is a state-protected barrier island located in McIntosh County, Georgia.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
Ségou (also Segou, Segu, Seku) is a town and an urban commune in south-central Mali that lies northeast of Bamako on the River Niger.
Séno is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Sahel Region.
Seku Amadu (Seeku Aamadu; Shaykh Aḥmadu bin Muḥammadu Lobbo; Cheikhou Amadou or Sékou Amadou) (c. 1776 – 20 April 1845) was the Fulbe founder of the Massina Empire (Diina of Hamdullahi) in the Inner Niger Delta, now the Mopti Region of Mali.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
The Senegal River (نهر السنغال, Fleuve Sénégal) is a long river in West Africa that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania.
Sennar (سنار) is a town on the Blue Nile in Sudan and capital of the state of Sennar.
The Senufo people, also known as Siena, Senefo, Sene, Senoufo, Syénambélé and Bamana, are a West African ethnolinguistic group.
The Serer people are a West African ethnoreligious group.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Shehu Musa Yar'Adua (March 5, 1943 – December 8, 1997) was a retired Nigerian Army major general who served as the Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters under General Olusegun Obasanjo's 1977 - 1979 military government.
Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari, (born February 25, 1925) served as the first and only President of Nigeria's Second Republic (1979–1983), after the handover of power by General Olusegun Obasanjo's military government.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
The slave narrative is a type of literary work that is made up of the written accounts of enslaved Africans in Great Britain and its colonies, including the later United States, Canada, and Caribbean nations.
Sokoto is a city located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near the confluence of the Sokoto River and the Rima River.
The Sokoto Caliphate was an independent Islamic Sunni Caliphate, in West Africa.
The Songhai Empire (also transliterated as Songhay) was a state that dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century.
Sunni Ali, also known as Sunni Ali Ber, was born Ali Kolon.
The Soriya was the name given to the party from the mid-18th century that supported the successors of the war leader Ibrahim Sori in the Imamate of Futa Jallon in what is now Guinea.
Soum is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Sahel Region.
Soumaïla Cissé (born December 20, 1949, L'Essor, April 8, 2002.) is a Malian politician who served in the government of Mali as Minister of Finance from 1993 to 2000.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Sudanese Arabic is the variety of Arabic spoken throughout Sudan.
Shaykh Sulayman Bal (died 1775) was an 18th-century African leader, warrior, and Islamic scholar, from the Futa Toro region in what is today western Mali.
The Sullubawa are a Fulani clan in Northern Nigeria, found mainly in Kano and Katsina States.
Sundiata Keita (Mandinka, Malinke, Bambara) (1217 – c. 1255) (also known as Manding Diara, Lion of Mali, Sogolon Djata, son of Sogolon, Nare Maghan and Sogo Sogo Simbon Salaba) was a puissant prince and founder of the Mali Empire.
Tahoua is a city in Niger and the administrative centre of the Department of Tahoua and the larger Tahoua Region.
Takrur, Tekrur or Tekrour (800 – c. 1285) was an ancient state of West Africa, which flourished roughly parallel to the Ghana Empire.
Talansan was the location of a battle in Futa Jallon, in what is now Guinea, in which Muslim forces were victorious.
The Tarikh al-Sudan (also Tarikh es-Sudan - the "History of the Sudan") is a West African chronicle written in Arabic in around 1655 by Abd al-Sadi.
Tassili n'Ajjer (Tasili n Ajjer, طاسيلي ناجر; "Plateau of the Rivers") is a national park in the Sahara desert, located on a vast plateau in south-east Algeria.
Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara (21 December 1949 – 15 October 1987) was a Burkinabé pro-people revolutionary, Marxist, pan-Africanist and President of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987.
Thierno Saïdou Diallo, usually known as Tierno Monénembo (born 1947 in Porédaka), is a Francophone Guinean novelist and biochemist.
The Tijāniyyah (The Tijānī Path) is a sufi tariqa (order, path) within Sunni Islam, originating in North Africa but now more widespread in West Africa, particularly in Senegal, The Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Niger, Chad, Ghana, Northern and South-western Nigeria and some part of Sudan.
Timbo is a town and sub-prefecture in the Mamou Prefecture in the Mamou Region of Guinea.
Timbuktu, also spelt Tinbuktu, Timbuctoo and Timbuktoo (Tombouctou; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu), is an ancient city in Mali, situated north of the Niger River.
Tiv (or TiviDuggan, E. de C. (1932) "Notes on the Munshi ("Tivi") Tribe of Northern Nigeria: Some Historical Outlines" Journal of the Royal African Society 31(123)) is an ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in West Africa.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
The Toucouleur Empire (also known as the Tijaniyya Jihad state or the Segu Tukulor) (1861–1890) was founded in the mid-nineteenth century by El Hadj Umar Tall of the Toucouleur people, in part of present-day Mali.
The Toucouleur people, also called Tukulor or Haalpulaar are a West African ethnic group native to Futa Tooro region of Senegal.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
The Tuareg people (also spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation.
Umaru Musa Yar'Adua (16 August 19515 May 2010) was the 13th president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Haja Umu Hawa Tejan-Jalloh (born April 16, 1949) is a Sierra Leonean lawyer who was the Chief Justice of Sierra Leone from 2008 to 2015.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Shaihu Usman dan Fodio, born Usuman ɓii Foduye, (also referred to as عثمان بن فودي, Shaikh Usman Ibn Fodio, Shehu Uthman Dan Fuduye, Shehu Usman dan Fodio or Shaikh Uthman Ibn Fodio) (15 December 1754, Senegal – 20 April 1817, Sokoto) was a religious teacher, writer and Islamic promoter, and the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
The Western High Plateau, Western Highlands or Bamenda Grassfields is a region of Cameroon characterised by high relief, cool temperatures, heavy rainfall and savanna vegetation.
White Aethiopians (Λευκαιθίοπες; Leucæthiopes) is a term found in ancient Roman literature, which may have referred to various non-"Negro" and light-complexioned populations inhabiting the Aethiopia region of antiquity.
White Fulani cattle are an important beef breed of cattle throughout the area conquered by the Fulani people and beyond in the Sahel zone of Africa.
The Wodaabe (Woɗaaɓe), also known as the Mbororo or Bororo, are a small subgroup of the Fulani ethnic group.
Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people.
The Wolof people are a West African ethnic group found in northwestern Senegal, The Gambia and southwestern coastal Mauritania.
Xalam (in Serer, or khalam in Wolof) is a traditional stringed musical instrument from West Africa.
Yacine Diallo (born October 18, 1897 in Labé, Guinea, and died April 14, 1954 in Conakry) was a politician from Guinea who served in the French National Assembly from 1946-1954.
Yarrow Mamout (c. 1736 – January 19, 1823) was a former slave, entrepreneur, and property owner in Georgetown, Washington, DC.
Yobe is a state located in Northeast Nigeria.
Yola (Fulfulde: Ƴoola), meaning 'Great Plain' or 'Vast Plain Land', is the capital city and administrative center of Adamawa State, Nigeria.
The Zazzau, also known as the Zaria Emirate is a traditional state with headquarters in the city of Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
A zebu (Bos primigenius indicus or Bos indicus or Bos taurus indicus), sometimes known as indicine cattle or humped cattle, is a species or subspecies of domestic cattle originating in the Indian Subcontinent.
Zinder (locally, Damagaram), formerly also spelled Sinder, is the second largest city in Niger, with a population of 170,574 (2001 census);, citing.
Fellani, Fellata, Filane, Foula people, Foulah, Foulani, Foulbe, Fula Bande, Fulah, Fulah people, Fulani, Fulani people, Fulbe, Fulbe people, Fullah, Fulɓe, Peuhl, Peul, Peul people, Peulh, Pulaar people.