176 relations: Academy Awards, Afro-Cuban, Alzheimer's disease, American Mafia, Ana María Simo, Andalusia, Andrés Domingo y Morales del Castillo, Andrés Rivero Agüero, Anselmo Alliegro y Milá, António de Oliveira Salazar, Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr., Arthur Miller, Banes, Cuba, Battle of Santa Clara, Birth certificate, Brothel, Bureau for the Repression of Communist Activities, Cannabis (drug), Capitalism, Carlos Alberto Montaner, Carlos Hevia, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada, Carlos Márquez Sterling, Carlos Mendieta, Carlos Prío Socarrás, Carlos Saladrigas Zayas, Che Guevara, Chinese Cubans, Cocaine, Cold War, Colonel, Constitution of Cuba, Costa del Sol, Coup d'état, Cronyism, Cuba, Cuba (film), Cuban Democratic Directorate, Cuban general election, 1940, Cuban general election, 1954, Cuban peso, Cuban Revolution, Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces, Cuban War of Independence, Daytona Beach, Florida, Declaration by United Nations, Democratic Socialist Coalition, Despotism, Dominican Republic, ..., Earl E. T. Smith, Eartha Kitt, Elisa Godínez Gómez de Batista, Emilio Núñez Portuondo, Ernest Hemingway, Escambray Mountains, Estado Novo (Portugal), Estoril, Expatriate, Federico Laredo Brú, Fidel Castro, Fidel: The Untold Story, First Run Features, Florida, Francisco Franco, Francoist Spain, Gendarmerie, George Raft, Gerardo Machado, Golden Telephone, Gonzalo Güell, Gross domestic product, Guerrilla warfare, Gustavo Cuervo Rubio, Havana, Havana Conference, History (U.S. TV network), History Today, Holguín, Hotel Habana Riviera, Hotel Nacional de Cuba, Indigenous peoples of the Caribbean, International Labour Organization, Isla de la Juventud, ITT Inc., Jacobin (magazine), James S. Olson, Jean Daniel, John F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Jorge García Montes, José Agripino Barnet, Julio Antonio Mella, Labour law, Las Vegas Strip, Liberal Party of Cuba, Lisbon, List of Friends schools, List of Presidents of Cuba, Lucky Luciano, Madeira, Madrid, Marbella, Marta Fernandez Miranda de Batista, Mass (liturgy), Meyer Lansky, Miguel Mariano Gómez, Military attaché, Moncada Barracks, Multinational corporation, Napalm, National Assembly of People's Power, Nationalism, New Year's Eve, One Hundred Days Government, Organized crime, Oriente Province, Partido Auténtico, Partido Ortodoxo, Pearl Harbor, Pensacola News Journal, Pentarchy of 1933, Plantation, Police state, Popular Socialist Party (Cuba), Populism, President of Cuba, Progressive Action Party, Public execution, Radio Reloj, Rafael Guas Inclán, Rafael Trujillo, Ramón Barquín, Ramón Grau, Ramón Zaydín, Reactionary, Republic of Cuba (1902–1959), Roberto Agramonte, Rum, Rurales, Rutgers University Press, Samuel Farber, Santa Clara Province, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo, Santo Trafficante Jr., Secret police, Sergeants' Revolt, Sicily, Sierra Maestra, Smithsonian (magazine), Spaniards, Spruille Braden, Strike action, Strongman (politics), Student riot, Sumner Welles, T. J. English, Taíno, The Godfather Part II, The Lost City (2005 film), The Nation, The New York Times, The Palm Beach Post, The Village Voice, Time (magazine), Torture, Trade union, University of Havana, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Veguita, New Mexico, Villa Clara Province, Waldorf Astoria New York, West Palm Beach, Florida, 1940 Constitution of Cuba, 26th of July Movement. Expand index (126 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The term Afro-Cuban refers to Cubans who mostly have West African ancestry, and to historical or cultural elements in Cuba thought to emanate from this community.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
Ana Maria Simo is a New York playwright, essayist and novelist.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
Andrés Rivero Agüero (4 February 1905 – 8 November 1996) was a Cuban politician who was elected president of Cuba in the Cuban presidential election, 1958.
Anselmo Alliegro y Milá (March 16, 1899 – November 22, 1961) was a Cuban politician who served as the Acting President of Cuba for one day (January 1–2, 1959) after the departure of General Fulgencio Batista from the country.
António de Oliveira Salazar (28 April 1889 – 27 July 1970) was a Portuguese statesman who served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.
Arthur Meier Schlesinger Jr. (born Arthur Bancroft Schlesinger; October 15, 1917 – February 28, 2007) was an American historian, social critic, and public intellectual.
Arthur Meier Schlesinger Sr. (February 27, 1888 – October 30, 1965) was an American historian who taught at Harvard University, pioneering social history and urban history.
Arthur Asher Miller (October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005) was an American playwright, essayist, and figure in twentieth-century American theater.
Banes is a municipality and city in the Holguín Province of Cuba.
The Battle of Santa Clara was a series of events in late December 1958 that led to the capture of the Cuban city of Santa Clara by revolutionaries under the command of Che Guevara.
A birth certificate is a vital record that documents the birth of a child.
A brothel or bordello is a place where people engage in sexual activity with prostitutes, who are sometimes referred to as sex workers.
The Bureau for the Repression of Communist Activities (Buró para Represión de las Actividades Comunistas, or BRAC) was the Cuban secret police agency that President Fulgencio Batista maintained in the 1950s, which gained a reputation for brutality in its fight against the 26th of July Movement.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Carlos Alberto Montaner (born 1943) is an exiled Cuban author known for his more than 25 books and thousands of articles, including several novels, the last of which is La mujer del coronel (The Colonel's wife).
Carlos Hevia y de los Reyes-Gavilan (March 21, 1900 – April 2, 1964) was the interim President of Cuba, serving for less than three days.
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada (August 12, 1871, New York City, New York, United States – March 28, 1939, Vedado, Havana, Cuba) was a Cuban writer, politician, diplomat, and President of Cuba.
Carlos Mendieta y Montefur (4 November 1873 – 27 September 1960) was a Cuban politician and Provisional President of Cuba.
Carlos Prío Socarrás (July 14, 1903 – April 5, 1977) was the President of Cuba from 1948 until he was deposed by a military coup led by Fulgencio Batista on March 10, 1952, three months before new elections were to be held.
Carlos Saladrigas Zayas (Carlos Eduardo Ramón Saladrigas y Zayas; October 13, 1900 in Havana, Cuba – 15 April 1956 in Miramar, Havana, Cuba) was a Cuban conservative politician and diplomat.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967)The date of birth recorded on was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year.
Chinese Cubans (sino-cubano) are Cubans of full or mixed Chinese ancestry who were born in or have immigrated to Cuba.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
Even before attaining its independence from Spain, Cuba had several constitutions either proposed or adopted by insurgents as governing documents for territory they controlled during their war against Spain.
The Costa del Sol (literally, "Coast of the Sun" or "Sun Coast") is a region in the south of Spain, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, comprising the coastal towns and communities along the coastline of the Province of Málaga.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends, family relatives or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cuba is a 1979 film directed by Richard Lester and starring Sean Connery, portraying the build-up to the 1958 Cuban Revolution.
The Cuban Democratic Directorate (Directorio Democrático Cubano) is a nongovernmental organization that supports the human rights movement in Cuba.
General elections were held in Cuba on 14 July 1940.
General elections were held in Cuba on 1 November 1954.
The peso (ISO 4217 code: CUP, sometimes called the "national currency" or in Spanish moneda nacional) is one of two official currencies in use in Cuba, the other being the convertible peso (ISO 4217 code: CUC, occasionally called "dollar" in the spoken language).
The Cuban Revolution (Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.
The Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias – FAR) consist of ground forces, naval forces, air and air defence forces, and other paramilitary bodies including the Territorial Troops Militia (Milicias de Tropas Territoriales – MTT), Youth Labor Army (Ejército Juvenil del Trabajo – EJT), and the Defense and Production Brigades (Brigadas de Producción y Defensa – BPD), plus the Civil Defense Organization (Defensa Civil de Cuba – DCC) and the National Reserves Institution (Instituto Nacional de las Reservas Estatales – INRE).
The Cuban War of Independence (1895–98) was the last of three liberation wars that Cuba fought against Spain, the other two being the Ten Years' War (1868–1878) and the Little War (1879–1880).
Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States.
The Declaration by United Nations was a World War II document agreed on 1 January 1942 during the Arcadia Conference by 26 governments: the Allied "Big Four" (the US, the UK, the USSR, and China), nine other American countries in North and Central America and the Caribbean, the four British Dominions, British India, and eight Allied governments-in-exile, for a total of twenty-six nations.
The Democratic Socialist Coalition (Coalición Socialista Democrática, CSD) was a Cuban political coalition, led by Fulgencio Batista.
Despotism (Δεσποτισμός, Despotismós) is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Earl Edward Tailer Smith (July 8, 1903–February 15, 1991) was a United States diplomat, ambassador to Cuba (1957–1959), mayor of Palm Beach (1971–1977), and husband of model Florence Pritchett Smith (1920–1965).
Eartha Kitt (January 17, 1927 – December 25, 2008) was an American singer, actress, dancer, activist and comedian, known for her highly distinctive singing style and her 1953 recordings of "C'est si bon" and the enduring Christmas novelty smash "Santa Baby", which were both US Top 10 hits.
Elisa Godínez Gómez de Batista (2 December 1900 in Vereda Nueva, Havana Province, Cuba – 7 December 1993 in West Palm Beach, Florida United States) was the First Lady of Cuba from 1940 to 1944.
Emilio Núñez Portuondo (September 13, 1898 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania U.S. – August 19, 1978 in Panama) was a Cuban politician, lawyer, and diplomat.
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist.
The Escambray Mountains are a mountain range in the central region of Cuba, in the provinces of Sancti Spíritus, Cienfuegos and Villa Clara.
The Estado Novo ("New State"), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist authoritarian regime installed in Portugal in 1933, which was considered fascist.
Estoril is a town and a former civil parish in the municipality of Cascais, Portugal, on the Portuguese Riviera.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
Fidel: The Untold Story is a documentary released in 2001 by Estela Bravo.
First Run Features is an independent film distribution company based in New York City.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.
Wrong info! --> A gendarmerie or gendarmery is a military component with jurisdiction in civil law enforcement.
George Raft (born George Ranft; September 26, 1901 – November 24, 1980) was an American film actor and dancer identified with portrayals of gangsters in crime melodramas of the 1930s and 1940s.
Gerardo Machado y Morales (28 September 1871 – 29 March 1939) was a general of the Cuban War of Independence and President of Cuba from 1925 to 1933.
The golden telephone is an icon representing power or communication with a higher power.
Gonzalo Güell y Morales de los Ríos (16 February 1895 in Havana, Cuba – 2 September 1985 in Coral Gables, Miami-Dade County, Florida USA) was a Cuban lawyer and a career diplomat (1919–1959).
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Gustavo Cuervo Rubio was born 6 December 1890 in Pinar del Río, Spanish Cuba – and died 3 April 1978 in Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida (U.S.) He was a Cuban doctor and politician.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
The Havana Conference of 1946 was a historic meeting of United States Mafia and Cosa Nostra leaders in Havana, Cuba.
History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.
History Today is an illustrated history magazine.
Holguín is a municipality and city in Cuba, and the capital of Province of Holguín.
The Hotel Habana Riviera by Iberostar, originally known as the Havana Rivera, is a historic resort hotel located on the Malecón waterfront boulevard in the Vedado district of Havana, Cuba.
The Hotel Nacional de Cuba is a historic hotel located on the Malecón in the middle of Vedado, Havana, Cuba.
The indigenous peoples of the Caribbean included the Taíno, the Island Caribs of the Lesser Antilles, and the Guanahatabey of western Cuba.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).
ITT Inc., formerly ITT Corporation, is an American worldwide manufacturing company based in White Plains, New York.
Jacobin is a left-wing quarterly magazine based in New York offering socialist and anti-capitalist perspectives on politics, economics and culture from the American left.
James Stuart Olson is an academic and Pulitzer Prize-nominated author.
Jean Daniel, (né Jean Daniel Bensaid) (born 21 July 1920) is an Algerian-born French-Jewish journalist and author.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum is the presidential library and museum of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, (1917-1963), the 35th President of the United States (1961–1963).
José Agripino Barnet y Vinageras (June 23, 1864 – 18 September 1945) was a Cuban politician and diplomat who served as interim President of Cuba from December 11, 1935 to May 20, 1936.
Julio Antonio Mella McPartland (25 March 1903 – 10 January 1929) was a founder of the "internationalized" Cuban Communist Party.
Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government.
The Las Vegas Strip is a stretch of South Las Vegas Boulevard in Clark County, Nevada that is known for its concentration of resort hotels and casinos.
The Autonomist Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Autonomista, PLA), renamed usually semplified in Liberal Party in 1898, was one of major parties from 1910 until the Cuban Revolution the late 1950s, when it was exiled.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
Friends schools are institutions that provide an education based on the beliefs and testimonies of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
This article lists the Presidents of Cuba from 1902 until the present day.
Charles "Lucky" Luciano (born Salvatore Lucania; November 24, 1897 – January 26, 1962) was an Italian-born mobster and crime boss who operated mainly in the United States.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Marbella is a city and municipality in southern Spain, belonging to the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia.
Marta Fernández Miranda de Batista (November 11, 1923 – October 2, 2006) was First Lady of Cuba from 1952 until 1959.
Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity.
Meyer Lansky (born Meier Suchowlański; July 4, 1902 – January 15, 1983), known as the "Mob's Accountant", was a major organized crime figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate in the United States.
Miguel Mariano Gómez y Arias (October 6, 1889 – October 26, 1950) was a Cuban politician who served as 7th President of Cuba for seven months in 1936.
A military attaché is a military expert who is attached to a diplomatic mission (an attaché).
The Moncada Barracks was a military barracks in Santiago de Cuba, named after the General Guillermón Moncada, a hero of the Cuban War of Independence.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Napalm is a mixture of a gelling agent and either gasoline (petrol) or a similar fuel.
The National Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular) is the legislative parliament of the Republic of Cuba and the supreme body of State power.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The One Hundred Days Government (Spanish: Gobierno de los Cien Días) is the name normally used in Cuba to refer to the Cuban government of Ramon Grau which lasted from September 4, 1933 until January 15, 1934.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
Oriente (Spanish for "East" or "Orient") was one of six provinces of Cuba until 1976.
The Cuban Revolutionary Party – Authentic (Partido Revolucionario Cubano – Auténtico, PRC-A), commonly named Authentic Party (Partido Auténtico, PA), was a political party in Cuba most active between 1933 and 1952.
The Party of the Cuban People – Orthodox (Partido del Pueblo Cubano – Ortodoxos, PPC-O), commonly called Orthodox Party (Partido Ortodoxo), was a Cuban left-wing populist political party.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
The Pensacola News Journal is a daily morning newspaper serving Escambia and Santa Rosa counties in Florida.
Pentarchy of 1933, formally known as the Executive Commission of the Provisional Government of Cuba, was a coalition that ruled Cuba from September 5 to September 10, 1933 after Gerardo Machado was deposed on August 12, 1933.
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.
Police state is a term denoting a government that exercises power arbitrarily through the power of the police force.
The Popular Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Popular, PSP) was a communist party in Cuba.
In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite".
The President of Cuba (Presidente de Cuba), officially called from 1976 President of the Council of State (Presidente del Consejo de Estado de Cuba), is the head of the Council of State of Cuba.
The Progressive Action Party (Partido de Acción Progresista, PAP) was a Cuban political party led by Fulgencio Batista.
A public execution is a form of capital punishment which "members of the general public may voluntarily attend." This definition excludes the presence of a small number of witnesses randomly selected to assure executive accountability.
Radio Reloj (Spanish for Radio Clock) is an internationally broadcast Spanish-language radio station, located in Cuba.
Rafael Guas Inclán (1896–October 12, 1975) was a Cuban politician and former Vice President of Cuba.
Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (24 October 1891 – 30 May 1961), nicknamed El Jefe (The Chief or The Boss), was a Dominican politician, soldier and dictator, who ruled the Dominican Republic from February 1930 until his assassination in May 1961.
Ramón M. Barquín (May 12, 1914 – March 3, 2008) was a Cuban military colonel and opponent of former President Fulgencio Batista.
Ramón Zaydín y Márquez Sterling (1895–1968) was a Cuban politician and Prime Minister of Cuba.
A reactionary is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante, the previous political state of society, which they believe possessed characteristics (discipline, respect for authority, etc.) that are negatively absent from the contemporary status quo of a society.
The Republic of Cuba (Spanish: República de Cuba) of 1902 to 1959, refers to the historical period in Cuba from 1902, when Cuba seceded from US rule in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War that took Cuba from Spanish rule in 1898, until communist revolutionaries took power in 1959.
Roberto Daniel Agramonte y Pichardo (3 May 1904 – 12 December 1995) was a philosopher and Cuban politician.
Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses or honeys, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.
Rurales (Spanish for "Rurals") is a Mexican term used to describe two different government forces.
Rutgers University Press is a nonprofit academic publishing house, operating in New Brunswick, New Jersey under the auspices of Rutgers University.
Samuel Farber (born in Marianao, Havana, Cuba) is an American writer born and raised in Cuba.
Santa Clara (also known as Las Villas after 1940) was a historical province of Cuba and its capital was Santa Clara.
Santiago de Cuba is the second-largest city of Cuba and the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
Santo Trafficante Jr. (November 15, 1914 – March 17, 1987) was one of the last of the old-time Mafia bosses in the United States.
The term secret police (or political police)Ilan Berman & J. Michael Waller, "Introduction: The Centrality of the Secret Police" in Dismantling Tyranny: Transitioning Beyond Totalitarian Regimes (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006), p. xv.
The Sergeants' Revolt (Revuelta de los sargentos), also called the Cuban Revolution of 1933, was a coup d'etat that occurred in Cuba in September 1933.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast.
Smithsonian is the official journal published by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The first issue was published in 1970.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
Spruille Braden (March 13, 1894 – January 10, 1978) was an American diplomat, businessman, lobbyist, and member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.
A strongman is a political leader who rules by force and runs an authoritarian regime or totalitarian regime.
Student riots, college riots, or campus riots are riots precipitated by students, generally from a college, university, or other school.
Benjamin Sumner Welles (October 14, 1892 – September 24, 1961) was an American government official and diplomat in the Foreign Service.
The Taíno people are one of the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean.
The Godfather Part II is a 1974 American crime film produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola from a screenplay co-written with Mario Puzo, starring Al Pacino and Robert De Niro.
The Lost City is a 2005 American drama film directed by Andy García.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
The University of Havana or UH (in Spanish, Universidad de La Habana) is a university located in the Vedado district of Havana, the capital of the Republic of Cuba.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
Veguita is a census-designated place in Socorro County, New Mexico, United States.
Villa Clara is one of the provinces of Cuba.
The Waldorf Astoria New York is a luxury hotel in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
West Palm Beach is a city in and the county seat of Palm Beach County, Florida, United States.
The 1940 Constitution of Cuba was implemented during the presidency of Federico Laredo Brú and took effect on 10 October 1940.
The 26th of July Movement (Movimiento 26 de Julio; M-26-7) was a vanguard revolutionary organization then a party led by Fidel Castro that in 1959 overthrew the Fulgencio Batista dictatorship in Cuba.
Batista y Zaldivar, Fulgencio Batista Y Zaldivar, Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar, Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio Batista y Zalvidar, General Batista, Joao Batista, João Batista, President Batista, Sergeant Batista.