61 relations: Acidity regulator, Adenosine triphosphate, Alkene, Baking powder, Bolete, Calorimeter, Carboxylic acid, Catalysis, Cell (biology), Chemical compound, Cis–trans isomerism, Citric acid, Citric acid cycle, Crotonic acid, Dermatology, Dicarboxylic acid, Diels–Alder reaction, Dimethyl fumarate, E number, Ester, Flocculation, Food, Food additive, Fruit, Fumarase, Fumaria, Fumaria officinalis, Functional group, Furfural, Homeostasis, Iceland moss, Immunosuppression, Iron(II) fumarate, Isomerization, Lichen, Maleic acid, Maleic anhydride, Malic acid, Metal–organic framework, Mordant, Multiple sclerosis, Mushroom, Nephrotoxicity, NFE2L2, Photosynthesis, Polyester, Psoriasis, Reaction intermediate, Redox, Resin, ..., Salt (chemistry), Sodium chlorate, Succinate dehydrogenase, Succinic acid, Sugar alcohol, Sunlight, Tartaric acid, Taste, Urea cycle, Vanadium, Wheat tortilla. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
Acidity regulators, or pH control agents, are food additives used to change or maintain pH (acidity or basicity).
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
Baking powder is a dry chemical leavening agent, a mixture of a carbonate or bicarbonate and a weak acid and is used for increasing the volume and lightening the texture of baked goods.
A bolete is a type of fungal fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus that is clearly differentiated from the stipe, with a spongy surface of pores (rather than gills) on the underside of the pileus.
A calorimeter is an object used for calorimetry, or the process of measuring the heat of chemical reactions or physical changes as well as heat capacity.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
Cis–trans isomerism, also known as geometric isomerism or configurational isomerism, is a term used in organic chemistry.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Crotonic acid ((E)-2-butenoic acid) or is a short-chain unsaturated carboxylic acid, described by the formula CH3CH.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
A dicarboxylic acid is an organic compound containing two carboxyl functional groups (−COOH).
The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.
Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is the methyl ester of fumaric acid.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Flocculation, in the field of chemistry, is a process wherein colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake, either spontaneously or due to the addition of a clarifying agent.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Fumarase (or fumarate hydratase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration/dehydration of fumarate to malate.
Fumaria (fumitory or fumewort, from Latin fūmus terrae, "smoke of the earth") is a genus of about 60 species of annual flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae.
Fumaria officinalis, the common fumitory, drug fumitory or earth smoke, is a herbaceous annual flowering plant in the poppy family Papaveraceae It is the most common species of the genus Fumaria in Western and Central Europe.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Furfural is an organic compound produced from a variety of agricultural byproducts, including corncobs, oat, wheat bran, and sawdust.
Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.
Iceland moss (Cetraria islandica) is a lichen whose erect or upright, leaflike habit gives it the appearance of a moss, where its name likely comes from.
Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.
Iron(II) fumarate, also known as ferrous fumarate, is the iron(II) salt of fumaric acid, occurring as a reddish-orange powder, used to supplement iron intake.
In chemistry isomerization (also isomerisation) is the process by which one molecule is transformed into another molecule which has exactly the same atoms, but the atoms have a different arrangement e.g. A-B-C → B-A-C (these related molecules are known as isomers). In some molecules and under some conditions, isomerization occurs spontaneously.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Maleic acid or cis-butenedioic acid is an organic compound that is a dicarboxylic acid, a molecule with two carboxyl groups.
Maleic anhydride is an organic compound with the formula C2H2(CO)2O.
Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5.
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are compounds consisting of metal ions or clusters coordinated to organic ligands to form one-, two-, or three-dimensional structures.
A mordant or dye fixative is a substance used to set (i.e. bind) dyes on fabrics by forming a coordination complex with the dye, which then attaches to the fabric (or tissue).
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Nephrotoxicity is toxicity in the kidneys.
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2, also known as NFE2L2 or Nrf2, is a transcription factor that in humans is encoded by the NFE2L2 gene.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin.
A reaction intermediate or an intermediate is a molecular entity that is formed from the reactants (or preceding intermediates) and reacts further to give the directly observed products of a chemical reaction.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Sodium chlorate is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaClO3.
Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) or succinate-coenzyme Q reductase (SQR) or respiratory Complex II is an enzyme complex, found in many bacterial cells and in the inner mitochondrial membrane of eukaryotes.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.
Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds and citrus.
Taste, gustatory perception, or gustation is one of the five traditional senses that belongs to the gustatory system.
The urea cycle (also known as the ornithine cycle) is a cycle of biochemical reactions that produces urea ((NH2)2CO) from ammonia (NH3).
Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.
A flour tortilla (or wheat tortilla to differentiate it from other uses of the word tortilla, which in Spanish means "small torta", or "small cake") is a type of soft, thin flatbread made from finely ground wheat flour from Mexico.
(E)-Butenedioic acid, 2-butenedioic acid, ATC code D05AX01, ATCvet code QD05AX01, Allomaleic acid, Allomalic acid, Boletic acid, Boletis acid, E297, E367, Fumarate, Fumarates, Fumaric Acid, Fumeric acid, Lichenic acid, Trans-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid, Trans-1,2-ethylenedicarboxylic acid.