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Index Fumarole

A fumarole (or fumerole – the word ultimately comes from the Latin fumus, "smoke") is an opening in a planet's crust, often in areas surrounding volcanoes, which emits steam and gases such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and hydrogen sulfide. [1]

48 relations: Alaska, Arjuno-Welirang, Bay of Plenty, Boiling Lake, Carbon dioxide, Crust (geology), Dominica, Gas, Groundwater, Gusev (Martian crater), Henan, Home Plate (Mars), Hot spring, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen sulfide, Igneous rock, Ijen, Italian language, Latin, Lava, Magma, Mammoth Mountain Ski Area, Mars, Mars Exploration Rover, Mazuku, Mofetta, Morne Trois Pitons National Park, Mount Tongariro, Mud volcano, Mudpot, North Island, Novarupta, Purico complex, Pyroclastic flow, San Pedro de Atacama, Sicilian language, Ski patrol, Solfatara (volcano), Steam, Sulfur, Sulfur dioxide, Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, Volcanic ash, Volcano, Washington (state), Whakaari / White Island, Xingyang, Yellowstone National Park.


Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.

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Arjuno-Welirang is a stratovolcano in the province of East Java on Java, Indonesia.

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Bay of Plenty

The Bay of Plenty (Te Moana-a-Toi) is a large bight in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island.

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Boiling Lake

The Boiling Lake is situated in the Morne Trois Pitons National Park, Dominica's World Heritage site.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Crust (geology)

In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.

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Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.

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Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).

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Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.

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Gusev (Martian crater)

Gusev is a crater on the planet Mars and is located at and is in the Aeolis quadrangle.

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Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.

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Home Plate (Mars)

Home Plate is a plateau roughly 90 m across within the Columbia Hills, Mars.

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Hot spring

A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.

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Hydrogen chloride

The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.

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Hydrogen sulfide

Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.

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Igneous rock

Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.

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Map of Ijen Crater, where sulfur is mined The Ijen volcano complex is a group of composite volcanoes in the Banyuwangi Regency of East Java, Indonesia.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lava is molten rock generated by geothermal energy and expelled through fractures in planetary crust or in an eruption, usually at temperatures from.

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Magma (from Ancient Greek μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites.

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Mammoth Mountain Ski Area

Mammoth Mountain Ski Area is a large ski resort in the western United States, located in eastern California along the east side of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the Inyo National Forest.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Mars Exploration Rover

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission is an ongoing robotic space mission involving two Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, exploring the planet Mars.

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In geology, a mazuku (Swahili: evil wind) is a pocket of carbon dioxide–rich air that can be lethal to any human or animal life inside.

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Mofetta (Italian from Latin mephītis, a pestilential exhalation), is a name applied to a volcanic discharge consisting chiefly of carbon dioxide, often associated with other vapours, representing the final phase of volcanic activity.

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Morne Trois Pitons National Park

Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a World Heritage Site (since 1997) located in Dominica.

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Mount Tongariro

Mount Tongariro is a compound volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone of the North Island of New Zealand.

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Mud volcano

A mud volcano or mud dome is a landform created by the eruption of mud or slurries, water and gases.

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A mudpot—or mud pool—is a sort of acidic hot spring, or fumarole, with limited water.

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North Island

The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.

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Novarupta (meaning "newly erupted" in Latin) is a volcano that was formed in 1912, located on the Alaska Peninsula in Katmai National Park and Preserve, about southwest of Anchorage.

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Purico complex

The Purico complex is a Pleistocene volcanic complex in Chile close to Bolivia, formed by an ignimbrite, several lava domes and stratovolcanoes and one maar.

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Pyroclastic flow

A pyroclastic flow (also known as a pyroclastic density current or a pyroclastic cloud) is a fast-moving current of hot gas and volcanic matter (collectively known as tephra) that moves away from a volcano reaching speeds of up to.

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San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama is a Chilean town and commune in El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region.

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Sicilian language

Sicilian (sicilianu; in Italian: Siciliano; also known as Siculo (siculu) or Calabro-Sicilian) is a Romance language spoken on the island of Sicily and its satellite islands.

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Ski patrol

Ski patrols are organizations that provide medical, rescue, and hazard prevention services to the injured in ski area boundaries, or sometimes beyond into backcountry settings.

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Solfatara (volcano)

Solfatara (Solfatara di Pozzuoli) is a shallow volcanic crater at Pozzuoli, near Naples, part of the Phlegraean Fields (Campi Flegrei) volcanic area.

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Steam is water in the gas phase, which is formed when water boils.

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Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

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Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes

The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes is a valley within Katmai National Park and Preserve in Alaska which is filled with ash flow from the eruption of Novarupta on June 6–8, 1912.

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Volcanic ash

Volcanic ash consists of fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass, created during volcanic eruptions and measuring less than 2 mm (0.079 inches) in diameter.

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A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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Washington (state)

Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

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Whakaari / White Island

Whakaari / White Island is an active andesite stratovolcano, situated from the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand, in the Bay of Plenty.

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Xingyang, is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, China.

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Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.

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Fumarole field, Fumaroles, Fumarolic, Fumerole, Fumeroles, Solfatara, Solfatare, Solfataric, Steam vent, Sulfur spring.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fumarole

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