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Functional group

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In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. [1]

175 relations: Acetal, Acetaldehyde, Acetamide, Acetic acid, Acetone oxime, Acetyl chloride, Acetyl group, Acetylene, Acyl group, Acyl halide, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne, Allyl isothiocyanate, Alpha and beta carbon, Amide, Amine, Amyl nitrate, Amyl nitrite, Azide, Azo compound, Benzene, Benzenesulfonic acid, Benzonitrile, Borinic acid, Borneol, Boronic acid, Bromine, Bromomethane, Butanone, Butyl group, Carbanion, Carbocation, Carbon, Carbonate ester, Carbonyl group, Carboxamide, Carboxylate, Carboxylic acid, Carbyne, Chemical classification, Chemical reaction, Chemical synthesis, Chlorine, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, Choline, Coordination complex, ..., Covalent bond, Cumene, Cyanate, Cyclohexane, Cyclopentadienyl, Di-tert-butyl peroxide, Diethyl ether, Dimethyl disulfide, Dimethyl sulfide, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Dimethylamine, Disulfide, DNA, Elimination reaction, Ester, Ethane, Ethanethiol, Ethanimine, Ether, Ethyl butyrate, Ethylene, Ethynyl, Fluorine, Fluoromethane, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, Group contribution method, Haloalkane, Halogen, Halogenation, Hemiacetal, Heterocyclic compound, Hydrocarbon, Hydroxy group, Hypotaurine, Imide, Imine, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Iodine, Isocyanate, Isocyanide, Isothiocyanate, IUPAC books, Ketone, Lewis acids and bases, Ligand, Lombricine, Methanol, Methoxy group, Methyl group, Methyl iodide, Methyl isocyanate, Methyl isocyanide, Methyl orange, Methyl radical, Methylamine, Methylene (compound), Methylene bridge, Methylene group, Methylenedioxy, Methylidyne radical, Methylsulfonylmethane, Moiety (chemistry), Moiety conservation, Molecule, Nicotine, Nitrate, Nitrile, Nitrite, Nitro compound, Nitromethane, Nitroso, Nitrosobenzene, Orbital hybridisation, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Organic peroxide, Organic synthesis, Organobromine compound, Organochloride, Organofluorine chemistry, Organoiodine compound, Orthocarbonic acid, Orthoester, Oxime, Phenyl azide, Phenyl group, Phenylboronic acid, Phenylene, Phosphate, Phosphine, Phosphocholine, Phosphodiester bond, Phosphorous acid, Polyatomic ion, Pyridine, Quaternary ammonium cation, Queen Mary University of London, Retrosynthetic analysis, Side chain, Sodium acetate, Solubility, Solvation, Substituent, Succinimide, Sulfide, Sulfone, Sulfoxide, Systematic name, Tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, Tetramethoxymethane, Thial, Thiobenzophenone, Thiocyanate, Thioester, Thioether, Thioketone, Thiol, Trimethylamine, Triphenylmethane, Triphenylmethyl radical, Triphosgene, Tropylium cation, 1,3-Benzodioxole, 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate. Expand index (125 more) »

Acetal

An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.

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Acetaldehyde

Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.

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Acetamide

Acetamide (systematic name: ethanamide) is an organic compound with the formula CH3CONH2.

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Acetic acid

Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).

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Acetone oxime

Acetone oxime (acetoxime) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CNOH.

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Acetyl chloride

Acetyl chloride, CH3COCl is an acid chloride derived from acetic acid.

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Acetyl group

In organic chemistry, acetyl is a moiety, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO.

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Acetylene

Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.

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Acyl group

An acyl group is a moiety derived by the removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid, including inorganic acids.

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Acyl halide

An acyl halide (also known as an acid halide) is a chemical compound derived from an oxoacid by replacing a hydroxyl group with a halide group.

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Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.

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Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

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Alkane

In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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Alkene

In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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Alkyne

In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.

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Allyl isothiocyanate

Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is the organosulfur compound with the formula CH2CHCH2NCS.

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Alpha and beta carbon

The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.

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Amide

An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).

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Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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Amyl nitrate

Amyl nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4ONO2.

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Amyl nitrite

Amyl nitrite is a chemical compound with the formula C5H11ONO.

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Azide

Azide is the anion with the formula N. It is the conjugate base of hydrazoic acid (HN3).

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Azo compound

Azo compounds are compounds bearing the functional group R−N.

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Benzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Benzenesulfonic acid

Benzenesulfonic acid (conjugate base benzenesulfonate) is an organosulfur compound with the formula C6H5SO3H.

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Benzonitrile

Benzonitrile is the chemical compound with the formula, abbreviated PhCN.

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Borinic acid

Borinic acid, also known as boronous acid, is an oxyacid of boron with formula.

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Borneol

Borneol is a bicyclic organic compound and a terpene derivative.

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Boronic acid

A boronic acid is a compound related to boric acid in which one of the three hydroxyl groups is replaced by an alkyl or aryl group.

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Bromine

Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.

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Bromomethane

Bromomethane, commonly known as methyl bromide, is an organobromine compound with formula CH3Br.

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Butanone

Butanone, also known as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3.

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Butyl group

In organic chemistry, butyl is a four-carbon alkyl radical or substituent group with general chemical formula −C4H9, derived from either of the two isomers of butane.

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Carbanion

A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).

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Carbocation

A carbocation (/karbɔkətaɪː'jɔ̃/) is an ion with a positively charged carbon atom.

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Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Carbonate ester

A carbonate ester (organic carbonate or organocarbonate) is an ester of carbonic acid.

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Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

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Carboxamide

In organic chemistry carboxamides (or amino carbonyls) are functional groups with the general structure R-CO-NR'R′′ with R, R', and R′′ as organic substituents, or hydrogen.

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Carboxylate

A carboxylate is a salt or ester of a carboxylic acid.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

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Carbyne

In organic chemistry, a carbyne is a general term for any compound whose molecular structure includes an electrically neutral carbon atom with three non-bonded electrons, connected to another atom by a single bond.

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Chemical classification

Chemical classification systems attempt to classify elements or compounds according to certain chemical functional or structural properties.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Chemical synthesis

Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

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Chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

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Chloroethane

Chloroethane or monochloroethane, commonly known by its old name ethyl chloride, is a chemical compound with chemical formula, once widely used in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive.

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Chloromethane

Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.

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Choline

Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.

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Coordination complex

In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.

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Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

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Cumene

Cumene is the common name for isopropylbenzene, an organic compound that is based on an aromatic hydrocarbon with an aliphatic substitution.

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Cyanate

The cyanate ion is an anion with the chemical formula written as − or −. In aqueous solution it acts as a base, forming isocyanic acid, HNCO.

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Cyclohexane

Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C6H12 (the alkyl is abbreviated Cy).

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Cyclopentadienyl

Cyclopentadienyl can refer to.

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Di-tert-butyl peroxide

Di-tert-butyl peroxide or DTBP is an organic compound consisting of a peroxide group bonded to two tert-butyl groups.

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Diethyl ether

Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).

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Dimethyl disulfide

Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula CH3SSCH3 which is the simplest disulfide.

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Dimethyl sulfide

Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) or methylthiomethane is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2S.

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Dimethyl sulfoxide

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO.

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Dimethylamine

Dimethylamine is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NH.

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Disulfide

In chemistry, a disulfide refers to a functional group with the structure R−S−S−R′.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Elimination reaction

An elimination reaction is a type of organic reaction in which two substituents are removed from a molecule in either a one or two-step mechanism.

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Ester

In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

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Ethane

Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.

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Ethanethiol

Ethanethiol, commonly known as ethyl mercaptan, is a clear liquid with a distinct odor.

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Ethanimine

Ethanimine is an organonitrogen compound classified as an imine.

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Ether

Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.

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Ethyl butyrate

Ethyl butyrate, also known as ethyl butanoate, or butyric ether, is an ester with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2COOCH2CH3.

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Ethylene

Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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Ethynyl

In organic chemistry, the term ethynyl designates.

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Fluorine

Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.

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Fluoromethane

Fluoromethane, also known as methyl fluoride, Freon 41, Halocarbon-41 and HFC-41, is a non-toxic, liquefiable, and flammable gas at standard temperature and pressure.

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Gamma-Aminobutyric acid

gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.

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Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate

Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, TP, GALP or PGAL, is the metabolite that occurs as an intermediate in several central pathways of all organisms.

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Group contribution method

A group contribution method in chemistry is a technique to estimate and predict thermodynamic and other properties from molecular structures.

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Haloalkane

The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.

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Halogen

The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).

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Halogenation

Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.

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Hemiacetal

A hemiacetal or a hemiketal is a compound that results from the addition of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone, respectively.

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Heterocyclic compound

A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).

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Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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Hydroxy group

A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.

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Hypotaurine

Hypotaurine is a sulfinic acid that is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of taurine.

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Imide

In organic chemistry, an imide is a functional group consisting of two acyl groups bound to nitrogen.

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Imine

An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.

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International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.

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Iodine

Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.

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Isocyanate

Isocyanate is the functional group with the formula R–N.

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Isocyanide

An isocyanide (also called isonitrile or carbylamine) is an organic compound with the functional group -N≡C.

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Isothiocyanate

Isothiocyanate is the chemical group –N.

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IUPAC books

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry publishes many books, which contain its complete list of definitions.

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Ketone

In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.

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Lewis acids and bases

A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.

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Ligand

In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

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Lombricine

Lombricine is a phosphagen that is unique to earthworms.

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Methanol

Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).

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Methoxy group

A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen.

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Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.

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Methyl iodide

Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.

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Methyl isocyanate

Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.

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Methyl isocyanide

Methyl isocyanide or isocyanomethane is an organic compound and a member of the isocyanide family.

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Methyl orange

Methyl orange is a pH indicator frequently used in titration because of its clear and distinct colour variance at different pH values.

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Methyl radical

Methyl (also systematically named trihydridocarbon) is an organic compound with the chemical formula (also written as •).

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Methylamine

Methylamine is an organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.

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Methylene (compound)

Methylene (systematically named methylidene, and dihydridocarbon), also called carbene is an organic compound with the chemical formula (also written). It is a colourless gas that fluoresces in the mid-infrared range, and only persists in dilution, or as an adduct.

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Methylene bridge

In organic chemistry, a methylene bridge, methylene spacer, or methanediyl group is any part of a molecule with formula --; namely, a carbon atom bound to two hydrogen atoms and connected by single bonds to two other distinct atoms in the rest of the molecule.

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Methylene group

In organic chemistry, a methylene group is any part of a molecule that consists of two hydrogen atoms bound to a carbon atom, which is connected to the remainder of the molecule by a double bond.

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Methylenedioxy

Methylenedioxy is the term used in the field of chemistry, particularly in organic chemistry, for a functional group with the structural formula R-O-CH2-O-R' which is connected to the rest of a molecule by two chemical bonds.

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Methylidyne radical

Methylidyne (also systematically named hydridocarbon(•)), also called carbyne, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH• (also written as). Methylidyne is the simplest carbyne.

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Methylsulfonylmethane

Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO2.

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Moiety (chemistry)

In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.

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Moiety conservation

Moiety conservation is the conservation of a subgroup in a chemical species, which is cyclically transferred from one molecule to another.

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Molecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

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Nicotine

Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.

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Nitrate

Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.

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Nitrile

A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.

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Nitrite

The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.

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Nitro compound

Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).

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Nitromethane

Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula.

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Nitroso

Nitroso refers to a functional group in organic chemistry which has the NO group attached to an organic moiety.

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Nitrosobenzene

Nitrosobenzene is the organic compound with the formula C6H5NO.

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Orbital hybridisation

In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organic peroxide

Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).

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Organic synthesis

Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

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Organobromine compound

Organobromine compounds, also called organobromides, are organic compounds that contain carbon bonded to bromine.

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Organochloride

An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.

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Organofluorine chemistry

Organofluorine chemistry describes the chemistry of the organofluorines, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond.

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Organoiodine compound

Organoiodine compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more carbon–iodine bonds.

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Orthocarbonic acid

Orthocarbonic acid (methanetetrol) is the name given to a hypothetical compound with the chemical formula H4CO4 or C(OH)4.

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Orthoester

In organic chemistry, an orthoester is a functional group containing three alkoxy groups attached to one carbon atom, i.e. with the general formula RC(OR′)3.

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Oxime

An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.

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Phenyl azide

Phenyl azide is an organic compound with the formula C6H5N3.

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Phenyl group

In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.

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Phenylboronic acid

Phenylboronic acid or benzeneboronic acid, abbreviated as PhB(OH)2 where Ph is the phenyl group C6H5-, is a boronic acid containing a phenyl substituent and two hydroxyl groups attached to boron.

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Phenylene

The phenylene group (C6H4) is based on a di-substituted benzene ring (arylene).

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Phosphate

A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Phosphine

Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is the compound with the chemical formula PH3.

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Phosphocholine

Phosphocholine is an intermediate in the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine in tissues.

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Phosphodiester bond

A phosphodiester bond occurs when exactly two of the hydroxyl groups in phosphoric acid react with hydroxyl groups on other molecules to form two ester bonds.

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Phosphorous acid

Phosphorous acid is the compound described by the formula H3PO3.

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Polyatomic ion

A polyatomic ion, also known as a molecular ion, is a charged chemical species (ion) composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered to be acting as a single unit.

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Pyridine

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.

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Quaternary ammonium cation

Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure, R being an alkyl group or an aryl group.

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Queen Mary University of London

Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Retrosynthetic analysis

Retrosynthetic analysis is a technique for solving problems in the planning of organic syntheses.

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Side chain

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.

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Sodium acetate

Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.

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Solubility

Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.

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Solvation

Solvation describes the interaction of solvent with dissolved molecules.

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Substituent

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.

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Succinimide

Succinimide is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)2(CO)2NH.

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Sulfide

Sulfide (systematically named sulfanediide, and sulfide(2−)) (British English sulphide) is an inorganic anion of sulfur with the chemical formula S2− or a compound containing one or more S2− ions.

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Sulfone

A sulfone is a chemical compound containing a sulfonyl functional group attached to two carbon atoms.

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Sulfoxide

A sulfoxide is a chemical compound containing a sulfinyl (SO) functional group attached to two carbon atoms.

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Systematic name

A systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance, out of a specific population or collection.

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Tert-Butyl hydroperoxide

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (tBuOOH) is an organic peroxide widely used in a variety of oxidation processes, for example Sharpless epoxidation.

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Tetramethoxymethane

Tetramethoxymethane is a chemical compound which is formally formed by complete methylation of the hypothetical orthocarbonic acid C(OH)4 (orthocarboxylic acid violates the Erlenmeyer rule and is unstable in free state).

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Thial

A thial or thioaldehyde is a functional group in organic chemistry which is similar to an aldehyde, RC(O)H, in which a sulfur (S) atom replaces the oxygen (O) atom of the aldehyde (R represents an alkyl or aryl group).

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Thiobenzophenone

Thiobenzophenone is an organosulfur compound with the formula (C6H5)2CS.

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Thiocyanate

Thiocyanate (also known as rhodanide) is the anion −. It is the conjugate base of thiocyanic acid.

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Thioester

In chemistry thioesters are compounds with the functional group R–S–CO–R'.

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Thioether

A thioether is a functional group in organosulfur chemistry with the connectivity C–S–C as shown on right.

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Thioketone

Thioketones (also known as thiones or thiocarbonyls) are organosulfur compounds related to conventional ketones.

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Thiol

Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).

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Trimethylamine

Trimethylamine (TMA) is an organic compound with the formula N(CH3)3.

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Triphenylmethane

Triphenylmethane, or triphenyl methane, is the hydrocarbon with the formula (C6H5)3CH.

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Triphenylmethyl radical

The triphenylmethyl radical (often shorted to trityl radical) is a persistent radical and the first radical ever described in organic chemistry.

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Triphosgene

Triphosgene (bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (BTC), C3Cl6O3) is a chemical compound that is used as a safer substitute for phosgene, because, at room temperature, it is a solid crystal, as opposed to phosgene, which is a gas.

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Tropylium cation

In organic chemistry, the tropylium ion is an aromatic species with a formula of +. Its name derives from the molecule tropine (itself named for the molecule atropine).

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1,3-Benzodioxole

1,3-Benzodioxole (1,2-methylenedioxybenzene) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4O2CH2.

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2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate

2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) is a chemical that acts to inhibit both IP3 receptors and TRP channels (although it activates TRPV1, TRPV2, & TRPV3 at higher concentrations).

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Chemical function, Chemical group, Function group, Functional Group, Functional Groups, Functional groups.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_group

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