175 relations: Acetal, Acetaldehyde, Acetamide, Acetic acid, Acetone oxime, Acetyl chloride, Acetyl group, Acetylene, Acyl group, Acyl halide, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne, Allyl isothiocyanate, Alpha and beta carbon, Amide, Amine, Amyl nitrate, Amyl nitrite, Azide, Azo compound, Benzene, Benzenesulfonic acid, Benzonitrile, Borinic acid, Borneol, Boronic acid, Bromine, Bromomethane, Butanone, Butyl group, Carbanion, Carbocation, Carbon, Carbonate ester, Carbonyl group, Carboxamide, Carboxylate, Carboxylic acid, Carbyne, Chemical classification, Chemical reaction, Chemical synthesis, Chlorine, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, Choline, Coordination complex, ..., Covalent bond, Cumene, Cyanate, Cyclohexane, Cyclopentadienyl, Di-tert-butyl peroxide, Diethyl ether, Dimethyl disulfide, Dimethyl sulfide, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Dimethylamine, Disulfide, DNA, Elimination reaction, Ester, Ethane, Ethanethiol, Ethanimine, Ether, Ethyl butyrate, Ethylene, Ethynyl, Fluorine, Fluoromethane, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, Group contribution method, Haloalkane, Halogen, Halogenation, Hemiacetal, Heterocyclic compound, Hydrocarbon, Hydroxy group, Hypotaurine, Imide, Imine, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Iodine, Isocyanate, Isocyanide, Isothiocyanate, IUPAC books, Ketone, Lewis acids and bases, Ligand, Lombricine, Methanol, Methoxy group, Methyl group, Methyl iodide, Methyl isocyanate, Methyl isocyanide, Methyl orange, Methyl radical, Methylamine, Methylene (compound), Methylene bridge, Methylene group, Methylenedioxy, Methylidyne radical, Methylsulfonylmethane, Moiety (chemistry), Moiety conservation, Molecule, Nicotine, Nitrate, Nitrile, Nitrite, Nitro compound, Nitromethane, Nitroso, Nitrosobenzene, Orbital hybridisation, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Organic peroxide, Organic synthesis, Organobromine compound, Organochloride, Organofluorine chemistry, Organoiodine compound, Orthocarbonic acid, Orthoester, Oxime, Phenyl azide, Phenyl group, Phenylboronic acid, Phenylene, Phosphate, Phosphine, Phosphocholine, Phosphodiester bond, Phosphorous acid, Polyatomic ion, Pyridine, Quaternary ammonium cation, Queen Mary University of London, Retrosynthetic analysis, Side chain, Sodium acetate, Solubility, Solvation, Substituent, Succinimide, Sulfide, Sulfone, Sulfoxide, Systematic name, Tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, Tetramethoxymethane, Thial, Thiobenzophenone, Thiocyanate, Thioester, Thioether, Thioketone, Thiol, Trimethylamine, Triphenylmethane, Triphenylmethyl radical, Triphosgene, Tropylium cation, 1,3-Benzodioxole, 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate. Expand index (125 more) » « Shrink index
An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.
Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.
Acetamide (systematic name: ethanamide) is an organic compound with the formula CH3CONH2.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetone oxime (acetoxime) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CNOH.
Acetyl chloride, CH3COCl is an acid chloride derived from acetic acid.
In organic chemistry, acetyl is a moiety, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO.
Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.
An acyl group is a moiety derived by the removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid, including inorganic acids.
An acyl halide (also known as an acid halide) is a chemical compound derived from an oxoacid by replacing a hydroxyl group with a halide group.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is the organosulfur compound with the formula CH2CHCH2NCS.
The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.
An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Amyl nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4ONO2.
Amyl nitrite is a chemical compound with the formula C5H11ONO.
Azide is the anion with the formula N. It is the conjugate base of hydrazoic acid (HN3).
Azo compounds are compounds bearing the functional group R−N.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzenesulfonic acid (conjugate base benzenesulfonate) is an organosulfur compound with the formula C6H5SO3H.
Benzonitrile is the chemical compound with the formula, abbreviated PhCN.
Borinic acid, also known as boronous acid, is an oxyacid of boron with formula.
Borneol is a bicyclic organic compound and a terpene derivative.
A boronic acid is a compound related to boric acid in which one of the three hydroxyl groups is replaced by an alkyl or aryl group.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
Bromomethane, commonly known as methyl bromide, is an organobromine compound with formula CH3Br.
Butanone, also known as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3.
In organic chemistry, butyl is a four-carbon alkyl radical or substituent group with general chemical formula −C4H9, derived from either of the two isomers of butane.
A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).
A carbocation (/karbɔkətaɪː'jɔ̃/) is an ion with a positively charged carbon atom.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
A carbonate ester (organic carbonate or organocarbonate) is an ester of carbonic acid.
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.
In organic chemistry carboxamides (or amino carbonyls) are functional groups with the general structure R-CO-NR'R′′ with R, R', and R′′ as organic substituents, or hydrogen.
A carboxylate is a salt or ester of a carboxylic acid.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
In organic chemistry, a carbyne is a general term for any compound whose molecular structure includes an electrically neutral carbon atom with three non-bonded electrons, connected to another atom by a single bond.
Chemical classification systems attempt to classify elements or compounds according to certain chemical functional or structural properties.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chloroethane or monochloroethane, commonly known by its old name ethyl chloride, is a chemical compound with chemical formula, once widely used in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive.
Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.
Choline is a water-soluble vitamin-like essential nutrient.
In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Cumene is the common name for isopropylbenzene, an organic compound that is based on an aromatic hydrocarbon with an aliphatic substitution.
The cyanate ion is an anion with the chemical formula written as − or −. In aqueous solution it acts as a base, forming isocyanic acid, HNCO.
Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C6H12 (the alkyl is abbreviated Cy).
Cyclopentadienyl can refer to.
Di-tert-butyl peroxide or DTBP is an organic compound consisting of a peroxide group bonded to two tert-butyl groups.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula CH3SSCH3 which is the simplest disulfide.
Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) or methylthiomethane is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2S.
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO.
Dimethylamine is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NH.
In chemistry, a disulfide refers to a functional group with the structure R−S−S−R′.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
An elimination reaction is a type of organic reaction in which two substituents are removed from a molecule in either a one or two-step mechanism.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.
Ethanethiol, commonly known as ethyl mercaptan, is a clear liquid with a distinct odor.
Ethanimine is an organonitrogen compound classified as an imine.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethyl butyrate, also known as ethyl butanoate, or butyric ether, is an ester with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2COOCH2CH3.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
In organic chemistry, the term ethynyl designates.
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
Fluoromethane, also known as methyl fluoride, Freon 41, Halocarbon-41 and HFC-41, is a non-toxic, liquefiable, and flammable gas at standard temperature and pressure.
gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde and abbreviated as G3P, GA3P, GADP, GAP, TP, GALP or PGAL, is the metabolite that occurs as an intermediate in several central pathways of all organisms.
A group contribution method in chemistry is a technique to estimate and predict thermodynamic and other properties from molecular structures.
The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.
A hemiacetal or a hemiketal is a compound that results from the addition of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone, respectively.
A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Hypotaurine is a sulfinic acid that is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of taurine.
In organic chemistry, an imide is a functional group consisting of two acyl groups bound to nitrogen.
An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Isocyanate is the functional group with the formula R–N.
An isocyanide (also called isonitrile or carbylamine) is an organic compound with the functional group -N≡C.
Isothiocyanate is the chemical group –N.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry publishes many books, which contain its complete list of definitions.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.
In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.
Lombricine is a phosphagen that is unique to earthworms.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen.
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.
Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.
Methyl isocyanide or isocyanomethane is an organic compound and a member of the isocyanide family.
Methyl orange is a pH indicator frequently used in titration because of its clear and distinct colour variance at different pH values.
Methyl (also systematically named trihydridocarbon) is an organic compound with the chemical formula (also written as •).
Methylamine is an organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.
Methylene (systematically named methylidene, and dihydridocarbon), also called carbene is an organic compound with the chemical formula (also written). It is a colourless gas that fluoresces in the mid-infrared range, and only persists in dilution, or as an adduct.
In organic chemistry, a methylene bridge, methylene spacer, or methanediyl group is any part of a molecule with formula --; namely, a carbon atom bound to two hydrogen atoms and connected by single bonds to two other distinct atoms in the rest of the molecule.
In organic chemistry, a methylene group is any part of a molecule that consists of two hydrogen atoms bound to a carbon atom, which is connected to the remainder of the molecule by a double bond.
Methylenedioxy is the term used in the field of chemistry, particularly in organic chemistry, for a functional group with the structural formula R-O-CH2-O-R' which is connected to the rest of a molecule by two chemical bonds.
Methylidyne (also systematically named hydridocarbon(•)), also called carbyne, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH• (also written as). Methylidyne is the simplest carbyne.
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO2.
In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.
Moiety conservation is the conservation of a subgroup in a chemical species, which is cyclically transferred from one molecule to another.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.
Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).
Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula.
Nitroso refers to a functional group in organic chemistry which has the NO group attached to an organic moiety.
Nitrosobenzene is the organic compound with the formula C6H5NO.
In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Organobromine compounds, also called organobromides, are organic compounds that contain carbon bonded to bromine.
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
Organofluorine chemistry describes the chemistry of the organofluorines, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond.
Organoiodine compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more carbon–iodine bonds.
Orthocarbonic acid (methanetetrol) is the name given to a hypothetical compound with the chemical formula H4CO4 or C(OH)4.
In organic chemistry, an orthoester is a functional group containing three alkoxy groups attached to one carbon atom, i.e. with the general formula RC(OR′)3.
An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.
Phenyl azide is an organic compound with the formula C6H5N3.
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.
Phenylboronic acid or benzeneboronic acid, abbreviated as PhB(OH)2 where Ph is the phenyl group C6H5-, is a boronic acid containing a phenyl substituent and two hydroxyl groups attached to boron.
The phenylene group (C6H4) is based on a di-substituted benzene ring (arylene).
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is the compound with the chemical formula PH3.
Phosphocholine is an intermediate in the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine in tissues.
A phosphodiester bond occurs when exactly two of the hydroxyl groups in phosphoric acid react with hydroxyl groups on other molecules to form two ester bonds.
Phosphorous acid is the compound described by the formula H3PO3.
A polyatomic ion, also known as a molecular ion, is a charged chemical species (ion) composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered to be acting as a single unit.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure, R being an alkyl group or an aryl group.
Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Retrosynthetic analysis is a technique for solving problems in the planning of organic syntheses.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.
Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
Solvation describes the interaction of solvent with dissolved molecules.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.
Succinimide is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)2(CO)2NH.
Sulfide (systematically named sulfanediide, and sulfide(2−)) (British English sulphide) is an inorganic anion of sulfur with the chemical formula S2− or a compound containing one or more S2− ions.
A sulfone is a chemical compound containing a sulfonyl functional group attached to two carbon atoms.
A sulfoxide is a chemical compound containing a sulfinyl (SO) functional group attached to two carbon atoms.
A systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance, out of a specific population or collection.
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (tBuOOH) is an organic peroxide widely used in a variety of oxidation processes, for example Sharpless epoxidation.
Tetramethoxymethane is a chemical compound which is formally formed by complete methylation of the hypothetical orthocarbonic acid C(OH)4 (orthocarboxylic acid violates the Erlenmeyer rule and is unstable in free state).
A thial or thioaldehyde is a functional group in organic chemistry which is similar to an aldehyde, RC(O)H, in which a sulfur (S) atom replaces the oxygen (O) atom of the aldehyde (R represents an alkyl or aryl group).
Thiobenzophenone is an organosulfur compound with the formula (C6H5)2CS.
Thiocyanate (also known as rhodanide) is the anion −. It is the conjugate base of thiocyanic acid.
In chemistry thioesters are compounds with the functional group R–S–CO–R'.
A thioether is a functional group in organosulfur chemistry with the connectivity C–S–C as shown on right.
Thioketones (also known as thiones or thiocarbonyls) are organosulfur compounds related to conventional ketones.
Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).
Trimethylamine (TMA) is an organic compound with the formula N(CH3)3.
Triphenylmethane, or triphenyl methane, is the hydrocarbon with the formula (C6H5)3CH.
The triphenylmethyl radical (often shorted to trityl radical) is a persistent radical and the first radical ever described in organic chemistry.
Triphosgene (bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (BTC), C3Cl6O3) is a chemical compound that is used as a safer substitute for phosgene, because, at room temperature, it is a solid crystal, as opposed to phosgene, which is a gas.
In organic chemistry, the tropylium ion is an aromatic species with a formula of +. Its name derives from the molecule tropine (itself named for the molecule atropine).
1,3-Benzodioxole (1,2-methylenedioxybenzene) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4O2CH2.
2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) is a chemical that acts to inhibit both IP3 receptors and TRP channels (although it activates TRPV1, TRPV2, & TRPV3 at higher concentrations).