260 relations: Administrative divisions of China, Africa, Alexandre Dumas, fils, American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, Baiyue, Banyan, Baosheng Dadi, Battle of Fuzhou, Bing Xin, Buddhism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Cangshan District, Changle District, Charles Darwin, Chemical engineer, Chen Baochen, Chen Jingrun, Chen Zhangliang, Chiang Kai-shek, China, China Daily, Chinese Communist Revolution, Chinese economic reform, Chinese postal romanization, Chinese Soviet Republic, Chrysanthemum, Chu (state), Church Mission Society, Ci (poetry), Confucianism, Confucius, Counties of the People's Republic of China, County-level city, Cultural Revolution, Daoguang Emperor, District (China), East China Sea, Eastern Min, Eastern Wu, Emperor Gaozu of Han, Emperor Taizong of Song, Emperor Wu of Han, Eugene Chen, Fan Tchunpi, First Opium War, Flower, Foochow Arsenal, Foochow Romanized, Foreign direct investment, ..., Fujian, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fujian cuisine, Fujian Fleet, Fujian Medical University, Fujian Museum, Fujian Normal University, Fujian People's Government, Fujian University of Technology, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuqing, Fuzhou Changle International Airport, Fuzhou cuisine, Fuzhou dialect, Fuzhou Foreign Language School, Fuzhou Gezhi High School, Fuzhou Metro, Fuzhou people, Fuzhou railway station, Fuzhou South railway station, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou–Xiamen railway, Galeote Pereira, Go Seigen, Goa, Gross domestic product, Guangxi, Guangzhou, Gulou District, Fuzhou, Gutian County, Han campaigns against Minyue, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Handicraft, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger-dedicated railway, Harper (publisher), Hü King Eng, Hefei–Fuzhou high-speed railway, Hou Debang, Hualin Temple (Fuzhou), Huang Chao, Humid subtropical climate, Hydroelectricity, Indian Ocean, Indiana University, ISO 3166-2:CN, Italian language, Japan, Jiajing wokou raids, Jiangnan, Jiangxi, Jin dynasty (265–420), Jin'an District, Fuzhou, Joseph Needham, Journey to the West, Judson Dwight Collins, Kublai Khan, Kuomintang, La Dame aux Camélias, Lacquer, Lampacau, Lianjiang County, Lin Huiyin, Lin Juemin, Lin Sen, Lin Shu, Lin Zexu, List of Chinese administrative divisions by area, List of cities in China by population and built-up area, List of postal codes in China, List of prefecture-level cities by GDP per capita, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, London, Longman, Lumber, Luoyuan County, Mahayana, Malay Archipelago, Mandarin (bureaucrat), Marco Polo, Matsu Islands, Mawei District, Mazu, Methodist Episcopal Church, Military academy, Min Chinese, Min Kingdom, Min opera, Min River (Fujian), Ming dynasty, Minhou County, Minjiang University, Minqing County, Mongols, Moses Clark White, Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch, Nanping, Nanping–Fuzhou railway, Nanyue, National Development and Reform Commission, National Revolutionary Army, Naval academy, Neolithic, New York City, Ningde, Number theory, Oil-paper umbrella, Old Chinese, Open Door Policy, Opera, Operation Ichi-Go, Opium, Paramilitary, Party Committee Secretary, Passenger ship, People's Liberation Army, Philippines, Pingtan County, Platycladus, Port, Prefecture-level city, President of the Republic of China, Protestantism, Provinces of China, Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, Qing dynasty, Quanzhou, Records of the Grand Historian, Red Guards, Renminbi, Revolutionary republic, Romanization of Chinese, Rose, Rural area, Ryūkyū-kan, Ryukyu Kingdom, Sa Zhenbing, Saint Dominic's Cathedral, Fuzhou, Sanfang Qixiang, Sarawak, Second Guangzhou Uprising, Second Opium War, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shen Baozhen, Sibu, Sima Qian, Simon Winchester, Society of Jesus, Song dynasty, Special economic zones of China, St. John's Church, Fuzhou, Standard Chinese, Stele, Stephen Johnson (missionary), Stored program control, Styphnolobium, Sui dynasty, Sun Wukong, Taichung, Taijiang District, Taipei, Taiwan, Tang dynasty, Tangyuan (food), Taoism, Telecommunication, Telephone numbers in China, Textile, Three Kingdoms, Time in China, Transcription (linguistics), Transport in China, Treaty of Nanking, Treaty ports, Tree, Typhoon Longwang, Umami, United States dollar, Varieties of Chinese, Vehicle registration plates of China, Viceroy of Liangjiang, Wang Chao (Tang dynasty), War of the Eight Princes, Warring States period, Watchman Nee, Wenzhou–Fuzhou railway, Wesleyan University, Wilfred Burchett, Wong Nai Siong, Woolston Memorial Hospital, Wuyishan, Fujian, Xiangtang–Putian railway, Xin Qiji, Xinhua News Agency, Yan Fu, Yangtze, Yao Jinnan, Yongtai County, Yuanhe Maps and Records of Prefectures and Counties, Yue (state), Zhan Shichai, Zhejiang, Zheng He, Zheng Zhenduo, Zhongyuan, Zhou (country subdivision), Zhu Xi, Zongzi, 2012 Summer Olympics. Expand index (210 more) » « Shrink index
Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alexandre Dumas, fils (27 July 1824 – 27 November 1895) was a French author and playwright, best known for the romantic novel La Dame aux camélias (The Lady of the Camellias), published in 1848, which was adapted into Giuseppe Verdi's opera, La traviata (The Fallen Woman), as well as numerous stage and film productions, usually titled Camille in English-language versions.
The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) was among the first American Christian missionary organizations.
The Baiyue, Hundred Yue or Yue were various indigenous peoples of mostly non-Chinese ethnicity who inhabited the region stretching along the coastal area from Shandong to the Yangtze basin, and as far to west as the present-day Sichuan province between the first millennium BC and the first millennium AD.
A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice.
Baosheng Dadi also Pao Sheng Ta Ti or Poh Seng Tai Tay (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pó-seng tāi-tè) is a Chinese god of medicine worshiped in Chinese folk religion and Taoism most popularly in Fujian and Taiwan.
The Battle of Fuzhou, or Battle of Foochow, also known as the Battle of the Pagoda Anchorage (French: Combat naval de Fou-Tchéou, Chinese:, 馬江之役 or 馬尾海戰, literally Battle of Mawei), was the opening engagement of the 16-month Sino-French War (December 1883 – April 1885).
Xie Wanying (October 5, 1900 – February 28, 1999), better known by her pen name Bing Xin or Xie Bingxin, was one of the most prolific Chinese writers of the 20th Century.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Cangshan District (Fuzhou dialect: Chŏng-săng) is a district of Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
(Foochow Romanized: Diòng-lŏ̤h) is a district located in eastern Fujian province, China.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
In the field of engineering, a chemical engineer is a professional, who is equipped with the knowledge of chemical engineering, works principally in the chemical industry to convert basic raw materials into a variety of products, and deals with the design and operation of plants and equipment.
Chen Baochen (1848-1935) Chinese official, hailing from Fuzhou, Fujian province in southeast China.
Chen Jingrun (May 22, 1933 – March 19, 1996) was a Chinese mathematician who made significant contributions to number theory.
Chen, Zhangliang (born February 3, 1961, Fuqing, Fujian, P.R. China) graduated from the School of South-China Tropical Botany in 1983, and then was sent to study in the United States by the Chinese Government.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.
The Chinese Communist Revolution started from 1946, after the end of Second Sino-Japanese War, and was the second part of the Chinese Civil War.
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.
The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR), also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet).
Chrysanthemums, sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae.
Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state.
The Church Mission Society (CMS), formerly in Britain and currently in Australia and New Zealand known as the Church Missionary Society, is a mission society working with the Anglican Communion and Protestant Christians around the world.
Cí (pronounced) is a type of lyric poetry in the tradition of Classical Chinese poetry.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
The Daoguang Emperor (16 September 1782 – 25 February 1850) was the eighth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the sixth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1820 to 1850.
The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.
Eastern Min, or Min Dong (Foochow Romanized: Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄), is a branch of the Min group of varieties of Chinese.
Wu (222–280), commonly known as Dong Wu (Eastern Wu) or Sun Wu, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
Emperor Gaozu of Han (256 BC – 1 June 195 BC), born Liu Bang (刘邦), was the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty, reigning from 202 – 195 BC.
Emperor Taizong of Song (20 November 939 – 8 May 997), personal name Zhao Jiong, was the second emperor of the Song dynasty in China.
Emperor Wu of Han (30 July 157BC29 March 87BC), born Liu Che, courtesy name Tong, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC.
Eugene Chen (July 2, 1878, San Fernando, Trinidad – 20 May 1944, Shanghai), known in his youth as Eugene Bernard Achan, was an overseas Chinese lawyer who in the 1920s became Sun Yat-sen's foreign minister.
Fan Tchunpi or Fang Junbi (1898–1986), was a Chinese artist known for her brush-and-ink paintings in the traditional guóhuà style.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
The Foochow Arsenal, also known as the Fuzhou or Mawei Arsenal, was one of several shipyards in Qing China as part of the Self-Strengthening Movement.
Foochow Romanized, also known as Bàng-uâ-cê (BUC for short) or Hók-ciŭ-uâ Lò̤-mā-cê, is a Latin alphabet for the Fuzhou dialect of Eastern Min adopted in the middle of the 19th century by Western missionaries.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University is a public university in Jinshan, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Fujian cuisine or Fujianese cuisine, also known as Min cuisine or Hokkien cuisine, is one of the native Chinese cuisines derived from the native cooking style of China's Fujian Province, most notably from the provincial capital, Fuzhou.
The Fujian Fleet founded in 1678 as the Fujian Marine Fleet was one of China's four regional fleets during the closing decades of the nineteenth century.
Fujian Medical University is a university located in Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Fujian Museum is the provincial museum of Fujian province in China established in 1933.
Fujian Normal University is a key institution of higher education in Fuzhou, Fujian with a century-old history and a glorious tradition.
The Fujian People's Government (or spelt as the Fukien People's Government) is the common name for the People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China (1933–1934), also known as the Fujian People's Government (Chinese: 福建人民革命政府; pinyin: Fújiàn Rénmín Zhèngfǔ) as a short-lived anti-Kuomintang government in the Republic of China's Fujian Province.
Fujian University of Technology is a public university located in Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (FJUTCM) is a university located in Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
(Foochow Romanized: Hók-chiăng; also romanized as Hokchia) is a county-level city of Fuzhou in Fujian Province, People's Republic of China.
Fuzhou Changle International Airport is an international airport serving Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian province, China.
Fuzhou cuisine is one of the four subsets of Fujian cuisine, which is one of the Eight Great Traditions of Chinese cuisine.
The Fuzhou dialect, (FR) also Fuzhounese, Foochow or Hok-chiu, is the prestige variety of the Eastern Min branch of Min Chinese spoken mainly in the Mindong region of eastern Fujian province.
Fuzhou Foreign Language School is a public middle school featured foreign language teaching in Fuzhou, Fujian province, China. Besides English teaching in general, it also has French, Japanese and German Departments. The school participates the Deutsches Sprachdiplom, which allows its students have the chance to apply for German universities. Fuzhou Foreign Language School signed a cooperation agreement with Trinity College Dublin, Ireland through their historic link, run the Anglo-Chinese IELTS class jointly,sending qualified graduates study abroad. The French language class features with art courses.
Fuzhou Gezhi High School (pinyin: Fúzhōu Gézhì Zhōngxué), also referred to as Gezhi, is a comprehensive three-year public high school located in the centre of Fuzhou City at the north foot of Mount Yu, enrolling 1980 students in grades 10 through 12.
Fuzhou Metro is a metro system in the city of Fuzhou, Fujian Province in China.
The people of Fuzhou (Chinese: 福州人; Foochow Romanized: Hók-ciŭ-nè̤ng), also known as Fuzhounese, Foochowese, Hokchew, Hokchia, Hokchiu, Sei Ay people (十邑人), Eastern Min or Mindong usually refers to people who originate from Fuzhou region and the Mindong region, adjacent Gutian County, Pingnan County, in Fujian province of China and in the Matsu Islands of Taiwan (Republic of China).
Fuzhou railway station (also spelled Fúzhōu Huǒchē Zhàn or Fuzhou Huochezhan) is a metro station and a railway station located in Fuzhou, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China, at the junction of the Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway, Nanping–Fuzhou Railway, and Fuxia Railway which are operated by the Nanchang Railway Bureau of the China Railway Corporation.
Fuzhounan (Fuzhou South) Railway Station is a metro station and a railway station located in Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China, along the Wenzhou-Fuzhou Railway and Fuzhou-Xiamen Railway operated by the Nanchang Railway Bureau, China Railway Corporation.
Fuzhou University (FZU) is a university located in Fuzhou, China.
The Fuzhou–Xiamen railway (Foochow Romanized: Hók-â Tʰiā-le̤) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in eastern China.
Galeote Pereira (sometimes also Galiote Pereira) was a 16th-century Portuguese soldier of fortune.
Wu QingyuanHis original name was Wu Quan.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
() is a district of Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
(Foochow Romanized: Kŭ-chèng Gâing)--> is a county lying in the northeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
The Han campaigns against Minyue were a series of three Han military campaigns dispatched against the Minyue state.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
A handicraft, sometimes more precisely expressed as artisanal handicraft or handmade, is any of a wide variety of types of work where useful and decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using only simple tools.
The Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger-dedicated railway (杭福深客运专线 formerly 东南沿海快速通道 or 东南沿海铁路) refers to the dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail lines (HSR) in service along the southeastern coast of China, which links the Yangtze River Delta on the East China Sea and Pearl River Delta on the South China Sea.
Harper is an American publishing house, currently the flagship imprint of global publisher HarperCollins.
Hü King Eng (Foochow Romanized: Hṳ̄ Gĭnghŏng) was a physician and the second Chinese woman to attend university in the United States, after King You Mé.
Hefei–Fuzhou high-speed railway, is a dual-track, electrified, passenger-dedicated, high-speed rail line in eastern China.
Hou Debang (9 August 1890 – 26 August 1974), also known as Hou Qirong (侯启荣), was a Chinese chemist and chemical engineer.
Hualin Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Gulou District, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Huang Chao (835 – July 13, 884) was a Chinese smuggler, soldier, and rebel, and is most well known for being the leader of a major rebellion that severely weakened the Tang dynasty.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Jiajing wokou raids (嘉靖大倭寇 or 嘉靖倭亂) caused extensive damage to the coast of China in the 16th century, during the reign of the Jiajing Emperor (r. 1521–67) in the Ming dynasty.
Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (sometimes spelled Kiang-nan, literally "South of the river") is a geographic area in China referring to lands immediately to the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of its delta.
Jiangxi, formerly spelled as Kiangsi Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest. The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".
The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.
Jin'an (Foochow Romanized: Céng-ăng) is a district of Fuzhou, Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology.
Journey to the West is a Chinese novel published in the 16th century during the Ming dynasty and attributed to Wu Cheng'en.
Kublai (Хубилай, Hubilai; Simplified Chinese: 忽必烈) was the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although due to the division of the empire this was a nominal position).
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
La Dame aux Camélias (literally The Lady with the Camellias, commonly known in English as Camille) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', first published in 1848, and subsequently adapted by Dumas for the stage.
The term lacquer is used for a number of hard and potentially shiny finishes applied to materials such as wood.
Lampacau or Lampacao, also known by other names, was a small island in the Pearl River Delta, which in the mid-16th century played an important role in Sino-Portuguese trade.
Lianjiang (BUC: Lièng-gŏng) is a suburban county of Fuzhou on the eastern coast of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Lin Huiyin (known as Phyllis Lin or Lin Whei-yin when in the United States; 10 June 1904 – 1 April 1955) was a noted 20th-century Chinese architect and writer.
Lin Juemin (1887–1911) was an early Qing dynasty revolutionary.
Lin Sen (16 March 1868 – 1 August 1943), courtesy name Zichao (子超), sobriquet Changren (長仁), was Chairman of the National Government of the Republic of China from 1931 until his death.
Lin Shu (November 8, 1852 – October 9, 1924), courtesy name Qinnan (琴南), was a Chinese man of letters, most famous for his introducing Western literature to a whole generation of Chinese readers, despite his ignorance of any foreign language.
Lin Zexu (30 August 1785 – 22 November 1850), courtesy name Yuanfu, was a Chinese scholar-official of the Qing dynasty best known for his role in the First Opium War of 1839–42.
This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces (except the claimed Taiwan Province), autonomous regions, special administrative regions, and municipalities, in order of their total land area as reported by the national or provincial-level government.
According to the Demographia research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology.
Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.
This list ranks the prefecture-level cities of China by GDP per capita in Renminbi (人民币), aka yuan (元).
This is a list of places in the People's Republic of China having standing links to local communities in other countries.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Longman, commonly known as Pearson Longman, is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by Pearson PLC.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Luoyuan County (Foochow Romanized: Lò̤-nguòng) is a county on the northeast coast of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.
A mandarin (Chinese: 官 guān) was a bureaucrat scholar in the government of imperial China and Vietnam.
Marco Polo (1254January 8–9, 1324) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice.
The Matsu Islands (Fuzhou dialect: Mā-cū liĕk-dō̤ or less frequently,; Fuzhou dialect: 馬祖島 Mā-cū-dō̤) are a minor archipelago of 36 islands and islets in the East China Sea administered as Lienchiang County (連江縣;; Lièng-gŏng-gâing) under streamlined Fujian Province, Republic of China (ROC).
Mawei (Foochow Romanized: Mā-muōi) is a district of Fuzhou, Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Mazu, also known by several other names and titles, is a Chinese sea goddess.
The Methodist Episcopal Church (MEC) was the oldest and largest Methodist denomination in the United States from its founding in 1784 until 1939.
A military academy or service academy (in the United States) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps.
Min or Miin (BUC: Mìng ngṳ̄) is a broad group of Chinese varieties spoken by over 70 million people in the southeastern Chinese province of Fujian as well as by migrants from this province in Guangdong (around Chaozhou-Swatou, or Chaoshan area, Leizhou peninsula and Part of Zhongshan), Hainan, three counties in southern Zhejiang, Zhoushan archipelago off Ningbo, some towns in Liyang, Jiangyin City in Jiangsu province, and Taiwan.
Min was one of the Ten Kingdoms which was in existence between the years of 909 and 945.
Min opera (Foochow Romanized: Mìng-kiŏk), also called Fuzhou drama (Foochow Romanized: Hók-ciŭ-hié), is one of the major traditional opera forms in Fujian Province.
The Min River is a -long river in Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Minhou County (Foochow Romanized: Mìng-âu) is a county in eastern Fujian Province, China.
Minjiang University is a public university located in Minhou County, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Minqing County is a county of eastern Fujian Province in the People's Republic of China.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Moses Clark White (Pinyin: Huáidé; Foochow Romanized: Huài-dáik; July 24, 1819 – October 24, 1900) was both an American Methodist pioneer missionary in China and a physician.
Crawford Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch, (16 October 1917 – 27 May 2000) was a British politician, diplomat and the 25th Governor of Hong Kong, from 1971 to 1982.
Nanping is a third-tier prefecture-level city in northwestern Fujian Province, China.
Nanping–Fuzhou railway or Nanfu railway, is a railroad in eastern China between Nanping and Fuzhou in Fujian Province.
Nanyue or, or Nam Viet (Nam Việt) was an ancient kingdom that covered parts of northern Vietnam and the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, and Yunnan.
The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy.
The National Revolutionary Army (NRA), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army (革命軍) before 1928, and as National Army (國軍) after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China.
A naval academy is a national institution that provides undergraduate-level education for prospective naval officers.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Ningde (Foochow Romanized: Nìng-dáik), also known as Mindong (Foochow Romanized: Mìng-dĕ̤ng; lit. East of Fujian), is a prefecture-level city located along the northeastern coast of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Number theory, or in older usage arithmetic, is a branch of pure mathematics devoted primarily to the study of the integers.
Oil-paper umbrella is a type of paper umbrella that originated from China.
Old Chinese, also called Archaic Chinese in older works, is the oldest attested stage of Chinese, and the ancestor of all modern varieties of Chinese.
The Open Door Policy is a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Operation Ichi-Go (一号作戦 Ichi-gō Sakusen, lit. "Operation Number One") was a campaign of a series of major battles between the Imperial Japanese Army forces and the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China, fought from April to December 1944.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
A passenger ship is a merchant ship whose primary function is to carry passengers on the sea.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pingtan County is a county comprising 126 islands in the Taiwan Strait, under the administration of Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Platycladus is a distinct genus of evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, containing only one species, Platycladus orientalis, also known as Chinese thuja, Oriental arborvitae, Chinese arborvitae, biota or oriental thuja.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.
The President of Taiwan, officially the President of the Republic of China, is the head of state and the head of government of Taiwan.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Quanzhou, formerly known as Chinchew, is a prefecture-level city beside the Taiwan Strait in Fujian Province, China.
The Records of the Grand Historian, also known by its Chinese name Shiji, is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 94 BC by the Han dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court.
Red Guards were a student mass paramilitary social movement mobilized by Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967, during the Cultural Revolution.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
A revolutionary republic is a form of government whose main tenets are popular sovereignty, rule of law, and representative democracy.
The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
were institutions serving as homes and bases of operations for Ryukyuan missions in early modern Fuzhou (Fujian province, China) and Kagoshima (Satsuma Domain, Japan).
The Ryukyu Kingdom (Okinawan: Ruuchuu-kuku; 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Middle Chinese: Ljuw-gjuw kwok; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom that ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th to the 19th century.
Sa Zhenbing (30 March 1859 – 10 April 1952) was a prominent Chinese admiral of the late Qing Dynasty.
Saint Dominic's Cathedral (in Chinese 福州圣多明我主教座堂) is the main Cathedral in Fuzhou (Fujian) and it is at the side of the Minjian River in China.
Sanfang Qixiang, literally Three Lanes and Seven Alleys, is a historic and cultural area in the city of Fuzhou.
Sarawak is a state of Malaysia.
The Second Guangzhou Uprising, known in Chinese as the Yellow Flower Mound Uprising or the Guangzhou Xinhai Uprising, was a failed uprising led by Huang Xing and his fellow revolutionaries against the Qing Dynasty in Guangzhou.
The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
Shen Baozhen or Shen Pao-chen (1820–1879) was an official during the Qing dynasty.
Sibu is an inland town at the central region of Sarawak and the capital of Sibu District in Sibu Division, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Sima Qian was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty (206AD220).
Simon Winchester, (born 28 September 1944) is a British-American author and journalist.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Special economic zones of China (SEZs) are special economic zones located in mainland China.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.
Stephen Johnson (Chinese 詹思文) (Griswold, Connecticut, 15 April 1803-Gouverneur, New York, 1886) was an American Presbyterian missionary in China.
Stored program control (SPC) was a telecommunications technology used for telephone exchanges controlled by a computer program stored in the memory of the switching system.
Styphnolobium is a small genus of three or four species of small trees and shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae, formerly included within a broader interpretation of the genus Sophora.
The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.
Sun Wukong, also known as the Monkey King, is a fictional figure who features in body of legends, which can be traced back to the period of the Song dynasty.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
Taijiang District (Foochow Romanized: Dài-gĕ̤ng) is a district of Fuzhou, Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tangyuan or tang yuan is a Chinese dessert made from glutinous rice flour mixed with a small amount of water to form balls and then either cooked and served in boiling water or sweet syrup (sweet ginger syrup, for example), or deep fried.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of mainland China.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).
The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.
Transcription in the linguistic sense is the systematic representation of language in written form.
Transport in China has experienced major growth and expansion in recent years.
The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.
The treaty ports was the name given to the port cities in China and Japan that were opened to foreign trade by the unequal treaties with the Western powers.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
Typhoon Longwang, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Maring, was the deadliest tropical cyclone to impact China during the 2005 Pacific typhoon season.
Umami, or savory taste, is one of the five basic tastes (together with sweetness, sourness, bitterness, and saltiness).
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.
The Viceroy of Liangjiang or Viceroy of the Two Jiangs, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of the Two Yangtze Provinces and Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs, Provisions and Funds, Manager of Waterways, Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty.
Wang Chao (王潮) (April 10, 846.Tombstone Text of the Beginning Ancestor of Min, Prince Guangwu, at. – January 2, 898Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 261.), courtesy name Xinchen (信臣), formally Duke Guangwu of Qin (秦廣武公), was a warlord of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, who controlled Fujian Circuit (福建, headquartered in modern Fuzhou, Fujian), eventually establishing the base of power for his family members to later establish the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period state Min.
The War of the Eight Princes, Rebellion of the Eight Kings or Rebellion of the Eight Princes was a series of civil wars among kings/princes (Chinese: wáng 王) of the Chinese Jin dynasty from AD 291 to 306.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
Watchman Nee, or Ni Tuosheng (November 4, 1903 – May 30, 1972), was a Chinese church leader and Christian teacher who worked in China during the 20th century.
The Wenzhou–Fuzhou railway is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line on the eastern coast of China.
Wesleyan University is a private liberal arts college in Middletown, Connecticut, founded in 1831.
Wilfred Graham Burchett (16 September 1911 – 27 September 1983) was an Australian journalist known for his reporting of conflicts in Asia and his Communist sympathies.
Wong Nai Siong (1849—1924) as a Chinese revolutionary leader and educator from Minqing county in Fuzhou, Fujian province, China.
The Woolston Memorial Hospital was a Christian hospital in China and the first of its kind in Fuzhou.
Wuyishan City is a county-level city in the municipal region of Nanping, in the northwest of Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Xiangtang–Putian railway or Xiangpu railway, is a Class I high-speed railway in eastern China linking Nanchang and Fúzhou (福州), the provincial capitals, respectively, of Jiangxi and Fujian Province.
Xin Qiji (28 May 1140 – 1207) was a Chinese poet and military leader during the Southern Song dynasty.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
Yan Fu (IPA:; courtesy name: Ji Dao, 幾道; 8 January 1854 — 27 October 1921) was a Chinese scholar and translator, most famous for introducing western ideas, including Darwin's "natural selection", to China in the late 19th century.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Yao Jinnan (born February 8, 1995) is an artistic gymnast who represented China at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Yongtai County (Foochow Romanized: Īng-tái) is a county of eastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
The Yuanhe Maps and Records of Prefectures and Counties compiled by Li Jifu during the Yuanhe reign of the Tang Dynasty is one of the earliest and most complete gazetteers of China.
Yue (Old Chinese: *), also known as Yuyue, was a state in ancient China which existed during the first millennium BC the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of China's Zhou dynasty in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.
Zhan Shichai (1841 - 5 November 1893) was a Chinese giant who toured the world as "Chang the Chinese Giant" in the 19th century, the stage name is "Chang Woo Gow".
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
Zheng He (1371–1433 or 1435) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming dynasty.
Zheng Zhenduo (Cheng Chen-to; December 19, 1898 – October 17, 1958), courtesy name Xidi, was a Chinese journalist, writer, archaeologist and scholar.
Zhongyuan, Chungyuan, or the Central Plain, also known as Zhongtu, Chungtu or Zhongzhou, Chungchou, is the area on the lower reaches of the Yellow River which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization.
Zhou were historical political divisions of China.
Zhu Xi (October 18, 1130 – April 23, 1200), also known by his courtesy name Yuanhui (or Zhonghui), and self-titled Hui'an, was a Chinese philosopher, politician, and writer of the Song dynasty.
Zongzi is a traditional Chinese food made of glutinous rice stuffed with different fillings and wrapped in bamboo leaves, generally of the species Indocalamus tessellatus, sometimes, with reed leaves, or other large flat leaves.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
Capital of Fujian, Chemistry Club of Fuzhou No.1 Middle School, Foo Choo Foo, Foo Chow, Foo Chow Foo, Foo-Chow, Foochau, Foochow, Fu Zhou, Fu zhou, Fu-Chou, Fu-chou, Fu-chou city, Fuchou, Fuchow, Fugiu, Fuh Chau, Fuh-Chau, Fuhchau, Fujhou, Fuzhou City, Fuzhou Municipality, Fuzhou No. 1 Middle School, Fuzhou No. 3 High School, Fuzhou No. 3 Middle School, Fuzhou No.1 Middle School, Fuzhou No.3 High School, Fuzhou No.3 Middle School, Fuzhou, China, Fuzhou, Fujian, Fúzhou, Fúzhōu, Geography of Fuzhou, History of Fuzhou, Hock Chew, Hok-ciu, Hokchew, Houguan County, Hók-ciŭ, Minhow, 福州, 福州市.