124 relations: Acronym, Adobe Photoshop, Alpha compositing, Android (operating system), Apress, Ars Technica, ASCII art, Audio Video Interleave, Autodesk, Bézier curve, Berkeley Software Distribution, Berkeley, California, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Birds of a feather (computing), BMP file format, C (programming language), CIELAB color space, CinePaint, CMYK color model, Color depth, Color management, Colorfulness, Comparison of raster graphics editors, Debian, Digital camera, Drawing, EXperimental Computing Facility, ExtremeTech, Fedora (operating system), File format, Film industry, Fork (software development), Free and open-source software, G'MIC, GEGL, GIF, GIMP version history, GimPhoto, GIMPshop, Git, GNU General Public License, GNU Project, Google, Google Developers, Google Summer of Code, GTK+, High Efficiency Image File Format, High-dynamic-range imaging, HP-UX, HSL and HSV, ..., HTML, Hue, ICO (file format), Image editing, Image file formats, Image gradient, Indianapolis, International Data Group, Internet Relay Chat, IRIX, JPEG, JPEG 2000, Layers (digital image editing), Libre Graphics Meeting, Lightness, Linux, List of computing mascots, MacOS, MacPorts, Macworld, Mascot, Megabyte, Microsoft Windows, Motif (software), Multiple-image Network Graphics, No Starch Press, Object-oriented programming, OpenUsability, PaintShop Pro, Paris, PCX, PDF, Peachpit, Perl, Peter Mattis, Photo manipulation, Plug-in (computing), Portable application, Portable Network Graphics, PostScript, Potentially unwanted program, Project Blinkenlights, Python (programming language), Raster graphics editor, Raw image format, RGB color model, Richard Stallman, Ruby (programming language), San Francisco, Scalable Vector Graphics, Scheme (programming language), Scripting language, Selection (user interface), Silicon Graphics, Simple interactive object extraction, Software versioning, Solaris (operating system), Source code, SourceForge, Spencer Kimball (computer programmer), SuperTuxKart, Tcl, TIFF, TinyScheme, UFRaw, University of California, Berkeley, University of Waterloo, Unix, Video game, Widget toolkit, Window (computing), X Window System, XCF (file format), Xwd. Expand index (74 more) » « Shrink index
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Apress Media LLC is a publisher of information technology books, based in New York City.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
ASCII art is a graphic design technique that uses computers for presentation and consists of pictures pieced together from the 95 printable (from a total of 128) characters defined by the ASCII Standard from 1963 and ASCII compliant character sets with proprietary extended characters (beyond the 128 characters of standard 7-bit ASCII).
Audio Video Interleave (also Audio Video Interleaved), known by its initials AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows software.
Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational software corporation that makes software for the architecture, engineering, construction, manufacturing, media, and entertainment industries.
A Bézier curve (pronounced in French) is a parametric curve frequently used in computer graphics and related fields.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California.
The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.
In computing, BoF (birds of a feather) can refer to.
The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
The CIELAB color space (also known as CIE L*a*b* or sometimes abbreviated as simply "Lab" color space) is a color space defined by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) in 1976.
CinePaint is an open source computer program for painting and retouching bitmap frames of films.
The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
In digital imaging systems, color management is the controlled conversion between the color representations of various devices, such as image scanners, digital cameras, monitors, TV screens, film printers, computer printers, offset presses, and corresponding media.
Colorfulness, chroma and saturation are attributes of perceived color relating to chromatic intensity.
Raster graphics editors can be compared by many variables, including availability.
Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Founded in 1986, the eXperimental Computing Facility (XCF) is an undergraduate computing-interest organization at University of California, Berkeley.
ExtremeTech is a technology weblog about hardware, computer software, science and other technologies which launched in May 2001.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
In software engineering, a project fork happens when developers take a copy of source code from one software package and start independent development on it, creating a distinct and separate piece of software.
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
G'MIC is a free and open-source framework for image processing.
The Generic Graphics Library (GEGL) is a programming library under development for image processing applications.
The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.
GIMP originally stood for General Image Manipulation Program.
GimPhoto is a modification of the free and open source graphics program GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP), with the intent to be a free replacement to Adobe Photoshop.
GIMPshop is a modification of the free and open source graphics program GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP), with the intent to replicate the feel of Adobe Photoshop.
Git is a version control system for tracking changes in computer files and coordinating work on those files among multiple people.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Developers (previously Google Code), application programming interfaces (APIs), and technical resources.
The Google Summer of Code, often abbreviated to GSoC, is an international annual program, first held from May to August 2005, in which Google awards stipends, which depends on the purchasing power parity of the country the student's university belongs to, to all students who successfully complete a requested free and open-source software coding project during the summer.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
High Efficiency Image File Format (HEIF, often pronounced heef) is a file format for individual images and image sequences.
High-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI) is a high dynamic range (HDR) technique used in imaging and photography to reproduce a greater dynamic range of luminosity than is possible with standard digital imaging or photographic techniques.
HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.
HSL (hue, saturation, lightness) and HSV (hue, saturation, value) are two alternative representations of the RGB color model, designed in the 1970s by computer graphics researchers to more closely align with the way human vision perceives color-making attributes.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
Hue is one of the main properties (called color appearance parameters) of a color, defined technically (in the CIECAM02 model), as "the degree to which a stimulus can be described as similar to or different from stimuli that are described as red, green, blue, and yellow", (which in certain theories of color vision are called unique hues).
The ICO file format is an image file format for computer icons in Microsoft Windows.
Image editing encompasses the processes of altering images, whether they are digital photographs, traditional photo-chemical photographs, or illustrations.
Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.
An image gradient is a directional change in the intensity or color in an image.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
JPEG 2000 (JP2) is an image compression standard and coding system.
Layers are used in digital image editing to separate different elements of an image.
The Libre Graphics Meeting (LGM) is an annual international convention for the discussion of free and open source software used with graphics; The first Libre Graphics Meeting was held in March 2006.
In colorimetry and color theory, lightness, also known as value or tone, is a representation of variation in the perception of a color or color space's brightness.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
This is a list of computing mascots.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
MacPorts, formerly called DarwinPorts, is a package management system that simplifies the installation of software on the macOS and Darwin operating systems.
Macworld is a web site dedicated to products and software of Apple Inc., published by Mac Publishing, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California.
A mascot is any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck, or anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
In computing, Motif refers to both a graphical user interface (GUI) specification and the widget toolkit for building applications that follow that specification under the X Window System on Unix and Unix-like operating systems.
Multiple-image Network Graphics (MNG) is a graphics file format, published in 2001, for animated images.
No Starch Press is an American publishing company, specializing in technical literature often geared towards the geek, hacker, and DIY subcultures.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").
OpenUsability is a project to help usability experts coordinate with open source software projects to improve the software's interaction and usability.
PaintShop Pro (PSP) is a raster and vector graphics editor for Microsoft Windows.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
PCX, standing for PiCture eXchange, is an image file format developed by the now-defunct ZSoft Corporation of Marietta, Georgia, United States.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Peachpit is a publisher of books focused on graphic design, web design, and development.
Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.
Peter Mattis is an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and business executive.
Photo manipulation involves transforming or altering a photograph using various methods and techniques to achieve desired results.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
A portable application (portable app), sometimes also called standalone, is a program designed to read and write its configuration settings into an accessible folder in the computer, usually the folder where the portable application can be found.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.
A potentially unwanted program (PUP) or potentially unwanted application (PUA) is software that a user may perceive as unwanted.
Project Blinkenlights was a light installation in the Haus des Lehrers building at the Alexanderplatz in Berlin that transformed the building front into a giant low-resolution monochrome computer screen.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
A raster graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to create and edit images interactively on the computer screen and save them in one of many "bitmap" or "raster" formats such as JPEG, PNG, GIF and TIFF.
A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
Scheme is a programming language that supports multiple paradigms, including functional programming and imperative programming, and is one of the two main dialects of Lisp.
A scripting or script language is a programming language that supports scripts: programs written for a special run-time environment that automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.
In computing and user interface engineering, a selection is a list of items on which user operations will take place.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Simple interactive object extraction (SIOX) is an algorithm for extracting foreground objects from color images and videos with very little user interaction.
Software versioning is the process of assigning either unique version names or unique version numbers to unique states of computer software.
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
Spencer Kimball is an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and business executive.
SuperTuxKart (STK) is a free and open-source kart racing video game, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 3.
Tcl (pronounced "tickle" or tee cee ell) is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
TinyScheme is a free software implementation of the Scheme programming language with a lightweight Scheme interpreter of a subset of the R5RS standard.
UFRaw (which stands for Unidentified Flying Raw) is an application which can read and manipulate photographs in raw image formats, as created by many digital cameras.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
The University of Waterloo (commonly referred to as Waterloo, UW, or UWaterloo) is a public research university with a main campus in Waterloo, Ontario.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A widget toolkit, widget library, GUI toolkit, or UX library is a library or a collection of libraries containing a set of graphical control elements (called widgets) used to construct the graphical user interface (GUI) of programs.
In computing, a window is a graphical control element.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
XCF, short for eXperimental Computing Facility, is the native image format of the GIMP image-editing program.
In the X Window System, the program xwd (X Window dump) captures the content of a screen or of a window and optionally saves it into a file.
GIMP (software), GIMP 2.4.0-rc3, GIMP 2.4.2, GIMP 2.4.3, GIMP 2.4.4, GIMP 2.4.5, GIMP 2.4.6, GIMP 2.4.7, GIMP 2.5.0, GIMP 2.6.1, GIMP 2.6.10, GIMP 2.6.12, GIMP 2.6.2, GIMP 2.6.3, GIMP 2.6.4, GIMP 2.6.5, GIMP 2.6.6, GIMP 2.6.7, GIMP 2.6.8, GIMP 2.6.9, GIMP 2.7.5, GIMP 2.8.0, GIMP 2.8.10, GIMP 2.8.14, GIMP 2.8.16, GIMP 2.8.18, GIMP 2.8.2, GIMP 2.8.22, GIMP 2.8.4, GIMP 2.8.6, GIMP 2.8.8, GIMP 3.0, GIMP Animation Package, GIMP IMAGE EDITOR, GIMP Online, GIMP/Archive 1, GNU Gimp, GNU IMP, GNU Image Manipulation Program, General Image Manipulation Program, GiMP, Gimp (software), Gimp software, Gimp.org, Ingimp, Instrumented GIMP, Instrumented Gimp, Instrumented gimp, Libgimp, Script-Fu, Script-fu, The GIMP, The gimp, Wilber (mascot of GIMP), Wilber (mascot).