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Gaekwad dynasty

Index Gaekwad dynasty

The Gaekwad or Gaikwad (once rendered as Guicowar, also given (incorrectly) as Gaekwar) (गायकवाड Gāyǎkǎvāḍǎ) are a Hindu Maratha clan. [1]

58 relations: Anand Rao Gaekwad, B. R. Ambedkar, Baji Rao I, Balaji Baji Rao, Baroda Residency, Baroda State, Bhonsle, Bombay State, British Raj, Charles Augustus Kincaid, Columbia University, Dabhade, Damaji Rao Gaekwad, Dattatray Balwant Parasnis, Dominion of India, Fatehsinghrao Gaekwad, Fief, First Anglo-Maratha War, Gujarat, Hartford Courant, Hindu, Holkar, India, Instrument of Accession, Khanderao II Gaekwad, List of Maratha dynasties and states, Mahadaji Shinde, Maharaja, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Maharashtra, Malhar Rao Gaekwad, Malhar Rao Holkar, Maratha, Maratha Empire, Mughal Empire, Order of the Indian Empire, Order of the Star of India, Oxford University Press, Parmar, Peshwa, Pilaji Rao Gaekwad, Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Princely state, Ranjitsinh Pratapsinh Gaekwad, Sadashivrao Bhau, Sayajirao Gaekwad III, Scindia, States and union territories of India, Surname, ..., Tarabai, Textile, Third Battle of Panipat, Umabai Dabhade, United Kingdom, Vadodara, Vishwasrao, Western India. Expand index (8 more) »

Anand Rao Gaekwad

Anand Rao Gaekwad was the seventh Maharaja of Baroda State reigning from 1800 to 1819 with the regents of Fateh Singh II and Sayaji Rao Gaekwad.

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B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination towards Untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of women and labour.

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Baji Rao I

Baji Rao (18 August 1700 – 28 April 1740) was a general of the Maratha Empire in India.

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Balaji Baji Rao

Balaji Baji Rao (December 8, 1720 – June 23, 1761), also known as Nana Saheb, was a Peshwa (prime minister) of the Maratha Empire in India.

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Baroda Residency

The Baroda Residency was one of the residencies of British India, managing the relations of the British with Baroda State between 1806 and the 1930s.

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Baroda State

Baroda State was a princely state in present-day Gujarat, ruled by the Gaekwad dynasty of the Maratha Confederacy from its formation in 1721 until 1949 when it acceded to the newly formed Union of India.

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The Bhonsle (or Bhonsale, Bhosale, Bhosle) are a prominent group within the Maratha clan system.

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Bombay State

Bombay State was a large Indian state created at the time of India's Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years. Bombay Presidency (roughly equating to the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra, excluding South Maharashtra and Vidarbha) was merged with the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat (the present-day Indian state of Gujarat) and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. On November 1, 1956, Bombay State was re-organized under the States Reorganisation Act on linguistic lines, absorbing various territories including the Saurashtra and Kutch States, which ceased to exist. On May 1, 1960, Bombay State was dissolved and split on linguistic lines into the two states of Gujarat, with Gujarati speaking population and Maharashtra, with Marathi speaking population.

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British Raj

The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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Charles Augustus Kincaid

C.A. Kincaid CVO (1870–1954) co-authored with Dattatray Balwant Parasnis, the History of the Maratha People in three volumes.

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Columbia University

Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

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Dabhade is a Maratha clan found largely in Maharashtra, India.

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Damaji Rao Gaekwad

Damaji Rao Gaekwad was the second Maharaja of Baroda reigning from 1732 to 1768 until his death.

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Dattatray Balwant Parasnis

Dattatray Balwant Parasnis (Devanagari: दत्तात्रय बळवंत पारसनीस; 1870–1926) was a historian from Maharashtra, India, who lived during the British Raj days.

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Dominion of India

Between gaining independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947 and the proclamation of a republic on 26 January 1950, India was an independent dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations with king George VI as its head of state.

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Fatehsinghrao Gaekwad

Fatehsinghrao Prataprao Gaekwad (Marathi: फतेहसिंहराव प्रतापराव गायकवाड)(2 April 1930, Baroda – 1 September 1988, Bombay) was an Indian politician, cricketer, and titular Maharaja of Baroda (Marathi:बडोदा संस्थान) from 1951 until 1988.

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A fief (feudum) was the central element of feudalism and consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.

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First Anglo-Maratha War

The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India.

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Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.

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Hartford Courant

The Hartford Courant is the largest daily newspaper in the U.S. state of Connecticut, and is often recognized as the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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The Holkar dynasty was a Hindu Maratha royal house in India.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Instrument of Accession

The Instrument of Accession was a legal document first introduced by the Government of India Act 1935 and used in 1947 to enable each of the rulers of the princely states under British paramountcy to join one of the new dominions of India or Pakistan created by the Partition of British India.

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Khanderao II Gaekwad

Shrimant Maharaja Sir Khanderao II Gaekwad, Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur, GCSI (1828–1870) was the Maharaja of Baroda State from 1856 to 1870.

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List of Maratha dynasties and states

Partial list of Maratha dynasties and Maratha princely states.

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Mahadaji Shinde

Mahadaji Shinde (Marathi: महादजी शिंदे Mahādajī Śiṃdē) (Birth: 3 December 1730) & (Died: 12 February 1794) also spelled as Mahadji Scindia, was a Maratha ruler of the Maratha Empire is a state of Gwalior in central India.

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Mahārāja (महाराज, also spelled Maharajah, Moharaja) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".

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Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (MSU), formerly Baroda College is a public university in the city of Vadodara, in Gujarat state, India.

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Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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Malhar Rao Gaekwad

Malhar Rao Gaekwad was the eleventh Maharaja of Baroda State reigning from 1870 to 1875.

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Malhar Rao Holkar

Malhar Rao Holkar (16 March 1693 – 20 May 1766) was a noble of the Maratha Empire, in present-day India.

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The Maratha (IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra.

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Maratha Empire

The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th and 18th century.

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Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.

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Order of the Indian Empire

The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1878.

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Order of the Star of India

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1861.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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The Parmar (Pawar) are a Rajput clan in India, who claim descent from the Agnivansha dynasty.

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A Peshwa was the equivalent of a modern Prime Minister in the Maratha Empire.

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Pilaji Rao Gaekwad

Pilajirao Gaekwad (d. 14 May 1732) was a Maratha general.

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Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad

Shrimant Maharaja Sir Pratapsinhrao Gaekwad (29 June 1908 – 19 July 1968), belonging to the Gaekwad dynasty of the Marathas, was the last ruling Maharaja of Baroda.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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Princely state

A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj.

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Ranjitsinh Pratapsinh Gaekwad

Ranjitsinhrao Gaekwad (8 May 1938 – 10 May 2012) was an Indian politician and the titular Maharaja of Baroda from 1988 until his death in 2012.

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Sadashivrao Bhau

Sadashiv Rao Bhau (4 August 1730 – 14 January 1761) was son of Chimaji Appa and Rakhmabai and the nephew of Peshwa Bajirao I. He served as the Sardar Senapati (Commander-in-Chief) of the Maratha army at the third battle of Panipat.

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Sayajirao Gaekwad III

Sir Sayajirao Gaekwad III (born Shrimant Gopalrao Gaekwad, 11 March 1863 – 6 February 1939) was the Maharaja of Baroda State from 1875 to 1939, and is notably remembered for reforming much of his state during his rule.

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Scindia (anglicized from Shinde and also spelled as Scindhia, Sindhia, Sindia) is a Hindu Maratha dynasty that ruled the Gwalior State.

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States and union territories of India

India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

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A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).

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Tarabai Bhosale (1675-9 December 1761 at Satara) was the regent of the Maratha empire of India from 1700 until 1708.

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A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

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Third Battle of Panipat

The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761 at Panipat, about north of Delhi, between a northern expeditionary force of the Maratha Empire and invading forces of the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Abdali, supported by two Indian allies—the Rohilla Najib-ud-daulah Afghans of the Doab, and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Awadh.

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Umabai Dabhade

Umabai Dabhade (died 1753) was a prominent member of the Maratha Dabhade clan.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Vadodara (formerly known as Baroda) is the third-largest.

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Vishwas Rao (March 7, 1741 – January 14, 1761) was the eldest son of Balaji Baji Rao, Peshwa of Pune (the prime minister and de facto ruler/administrator) of the Maratha Empire and also was the heir to the title of Peshwa of Maratha Empire.

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Western India

Western India is a loosely defined region of India consisting of its western part.

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Gaekwad, Gaekwad of Baroda, Gaekwar, Gaekwar Dynasty, Gaekwar of Baroda, Gaikawad, Gaikwad, Gaikwar, Gayakwad, Guicowar, King Gaikwad of Baroda, Maharaja Gaekwad, Maharaja Gaekwar, Maharaja Gaikwar, Maharaja of Baroda State, Vadodara kingdom.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaekwad_dynasty

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