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Index Galactose

Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose. [1]

66 relations: -ose, ABO blood group system, Algae fuel, Allergen, Alpha-gal allergy, Amblyomma americanum, Ancient Greek, Anomer, Avocado, Beta-galactosidase, Biosynthesis, Breast milk, Carbohydrate, Carbonyl group, Catalysis, Condensation reaction, Conserved sequence, Dairy product, Disaccharide, Drosophila, Enzyme, Epimer, Escherichia coli, Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, Furanose, Galactan, Galactolysis, Galactose, Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose, Galactosemia, Glucose, Glycolipid, Glycoprotein, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Hemicellulose, Hermann Emil Fischer, Hydrolysis, Intelectin, Lac operon, Lactase, Lactation, Lactose, Leloir pathway, Louis Pasteur, Mammary gland, Marcellin Berthelot, Metabolism, Microparticle, Molecular configuration, Monomer, ..., Monosaccharide, Mouse, Mucilage, Natural gum, Ovarian cancer, Polymer, Pyranose, Rat, Red meat, Senescence, Stereocenter, Sucrose, Sugar beet, Sweetness, Tissue (biology), Uridine diphosphate glucose. Expand index (16 more) »


The suffix -ose is used in biochemistry to form the names of sugars.

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ABO blood group system

The ABO blood group system is used to denote the presence of one, both, or neither of the A and B antigens on erythrocytes.

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Algae fuel

Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils.

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An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.

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Alpha-gal allergy

Alpha-gal allergy, also known as meat allergy or Mammalian Meat Allergy (MMA), is a reaction to galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal), whereby the body is overloaded with immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies on contact with the carbohydrate.

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Amblyomma americanum

Amblyomma americanum, also known as the lone star tick, the northeastern water tick, or the turkey tick, is a type of tick indigenous to much of the eastern United States and Mexico, that bites painlessly and commonly goes unnoticed, remaining attached to its host for as long as seven days until it is fully engorged with blood.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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An anomer is a type of geometric variation found in at certain atoms in carbohydrate molecules.

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The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.

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β-galactosidase, also called lactase, beta-gal or β-gal, is a glycoside hydrolase enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of β-galactosides into monosaccharides through the breaking of a glycosidic bond.

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Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.

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Breast milk

Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female to feed a child.

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A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

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Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

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Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.

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Condensation reaction

A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).

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Conserved sequence

In evolutionary biology, conserved sequences are similar or identical sequences in nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) or proteins across species (orthologous sequences) or within a genome (paralogous sequences).

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Dairy product

Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.

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A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or bivose) is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides (simple sugars) are joined by glycosidic linkage.

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Drosophila is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit.

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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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In stereochemistry, an epimer is one of a pair of stereoisomers.

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Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

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Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a cause of nephrotic syndrome in children and adolescents, as well as a leading cause of kidney failure in adults.

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A furanose is a collective term for carbohydrates that have a chemical structure that includes a five-membered ring system consisting of four carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.

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Galactan (galactosan) is a polysaccharide consisting of polymerized galactose.

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Galactolysis refers to the catabolism of galactose.

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Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.

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Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose, commonly known as alpha gal, is a carbohydrate found in most mammalian cell membranes.

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Galactosemia (British galactosaemia, from Greek γαλακτόζη + αίμα, meaning galactose + blood, accumulation of galactose in blood) is a rare genetic metabolic disorder that affects an individual's ability to metabolize the sugar galactose properly.

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Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

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Glycolipids are lipids with a carbohydrate attached by a glycosidic bond or covalently bonded.

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Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to amino acid side-chains.

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Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (formerly Harvard School of Public Health) is the public health graduate school of Harvard University, located in the Longwood Medical Area of Boston, Massachusetts adjacent Harvard Medical School.

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A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.

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Hermann Emil Fischer

Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS (9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

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Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

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Intelectins are lectins (carbohydrate-binding proteins) expressed in humans and other chordates.

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Lac operon

The lac operon (lactose operon) is an operon required for the transport and metabolism of lactose in Escherichia coli and many other enteric bacteria.

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Lactase is an enzyme produced by many organisms.

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Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

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Lactose is a disaccharide.

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Leloir pathway

The Leloir pathway is a metabolic pathway for the catabolism of D-galactose.

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Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.

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Mammary gland

A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in mammals that produces milk to feed young offspring.

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Marcellin Berthelot

Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot FRS FRSE (25 October 1827 – 18 March 1907) was a French chemist and politician noted for the ThomsenendashBerthelot principle of thermochemistry.

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Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

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Microparticles are particles between 0.1 and 100 \mum in size.

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Molecular configuration

The molecular configuration of a molecule is the permanent geometry that results from the spatial arrangement of its bonds.

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A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".

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Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.

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A mouse (Mus), plural mice, is a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate.

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Mucilage is a thick, gluey substance produced by nearly all plants and some microorganisms.

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Natural gum

Natural gums are polysaccharides of natural origin, capable of causing a large increase in a solution’s viscosity, even at small concentrations.

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Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Pyranose is a collective term for saccharides that have a chemical structure that includes a six-membered ring consisting of five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.

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Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.

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Red meat

In gastronomy, red meat is commonly red when raw and a dark color after it is cooked, in contrast to white meat, which is pale in color before and after cooking.

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Senescence or biological ageing is the gradual deterioration of function characteristic of most complex lifeforms, arguably found in all biological kingdoms, that on the level of the organism increases mortality after maturation.

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In a molecule, a stereocenter is a particular instance of a stereogenic element that is geometrically a point.

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Sucrose is common table sugar.

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Sugar beet

A sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production.

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Sweetness is a basic taste most commonly perceived when eating foods rich in sugars.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

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Uridine diphosphate glucose

Uridine diphosphate glucose (uracil-diphosphate glucose, UDP-glucose) is a nucleotide sugar.

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Redirects here:

ATC code V04CE01, ATCvet code QV04CE01, Alpha-D-galactose, Beta-D-galactose, Beta-D-galactoside, D-galactose, Galactans, Galactose metabolism, L-Galactose, L-galactose.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galactose

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