281 relations: A Ballad for Chanakkale, Adrianople Vilayet, Aegean Sea, Alan Moorehead, Albatros C.I, Albert d'Amade, Alexander Godley, Allied invasion of Italy, Allies of World War I, Anti-submarine net, ANZAC Cove, Anzac Day, ANZAC Mounted Division, Anzac spirit, Arab Revolt, Archibald Murray, Archibald Paris, Aristide Briand, Armistice Day, Armistice of Mudros, Arthur Limpus, Artillery, Aubrey Herbert, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, Australian Light Horse, Australian Mounted Division, Austria-Hungary, Aylmer Hunter-Weston, Çanakkale, Çanakkale 1915, Çanakkale Martyrs' Memorial, İskenderun, Baltic Sea, Barbed wire, Batman (military), Battle of Chunuk Bair, Battle of Finschhafen, Battle of Gully Ravine, Battle of Hill 60 (Gallipoli), Battle of Krithia Vineyard, Battle of Lone Pine, Battle of Romani, Battle of Sari Bair, Battle of Scimitar Hill, Battle of Tarawa, Battle of the Nek, Battle of the Somme, Battleship, Bayonet, Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg, ..., Black Sea, Boghos Nubar, British yeomanry during the First World War, Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment, Cape Helles, Caucasus Campaign, Ceasefire, Central Powers, Cevat Çobanlı, Charles Doughty-Wylie, Charles Rumney Samson, Christmas truce, Combat medic, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Conservative Party (UK), Constantinople, Corps expéditionnaire d'Orient, Counterattack, Dardanelles, Dardanelles Commission, David Lloyd George, Demonstration (military), Diarrhea, Distinguished Service Order, Division (military), Dysentery, East Indies Station, Eastern Front (World War I), Edward Courtney Boyle, Egypt, Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett, English Channel, Enver Pasha, Falklands War, Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire), First Australian Imperial Force, First Balkan War, First Battle of Krithia, First Battle of the Marne, First Battle of Ypres, Fokker Eindecker fighters, Force in Egypt, Frederick Stopford, Frostbite, Gallipoli, Gaza City, Gelibolu, German Empire, Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929), Gunboat, H. 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Asquith, Hans Kannengiesser, Harry Chauvel, Helles Memorial, Henri Gouraud (French Army officer), Henry Hugh Gordon Stoker, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, High Seas Fleet, Hill 60 Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, HMS Doris (1896), Huon Peninsula campaign, Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, III Corps (Ottoman Empire), Imbros, Imperial German Navy, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Interwar period, Irish War of Independence, Istanbul, IX Corps (United Kingdom), Jewish Legion, John de Robeck, John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, John Monash, John Simpson Kirkpatrick, July Crisis, Keith Murdoch, Kilitbahir, Kingdom of Greece, Lancashire Fusiliers, Landing at Anzac Cove, Landing at Cape Helles, Landing at Suvla Bay, Lemnos, Les Carlyon, Levant, Liberal Party (UK), Lieutenant colonel, List of Ottoman conquests, sieges and landings, List of the First Lords of the Admiralty, Lone Pine Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire), Major general, Maneuver warfare, Martin Dunbar-Nasmith, Maurice Bailloud, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Mehmed V, Mehmet Esat Bülkat, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian campaign, Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, Minister of Munitions, Morto Bay, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Naval mine, New Zealand and Australian Division, New Zealand Division, New Zealand Expeditionary Force, New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, Nieuport 10, No man's land, No. 203 Squadron RAF, Normandy landings, Occupation of Constantinople, Odessa, Office of Public Sector Information, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Ordered to Die, Otto Liman von Sanders, Ottoman Aviation Squadrons, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman minelayer Nusret, Ottoman–German alliance, Pacific War, Palestine (region), Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire, Persian Gulf, Peter Hart (military historian), Peyk-i Şevket-class cruiser, Philip Haythornthwaite, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Pursuit of Goeben and Breslau, Rafah, Rearguard, Remembrance Day, Richard Peirse (Royal Navy officer), Roger Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, Royal Hampshire Regiment, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Newfoundland Regiment, Royal Norfolk Regiment, Royal Scots Fusiliers, Russell Weigley, Russian Empire, Sackville Carden, Sanjak of Gelibolu, Sea of Marmara, Sea of Okhotsk, Second Asquith ministry, Second Battle of Gaza, Second Battle of Krithia, Secretary of State for War, Sedd el Bahr, Short Type 827, Sick man of Europe, Siege of Kut, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Sinai Peninsula, Sinecure, Sir Charles Monro, 1st Baronet, SMS Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm, Strait, Submarine depth ratings, Suez Canal, Suvla, Sydney Cenotaph, Tank, Tenedos, Thessaloniki, Third Battle of Gaza, Third Battle of Krithia, Timeline of the Gallipoli Campaign, Trans-Caspia, Trench warfare, Troopship, Turkey, Turkish Land Forces, Turkish War of Independence, Twelve Tree Copse Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Typhoid fever, Veteran, Victoria Cross, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), Voisin, Wehib Pasha, Western Front (World War I), White Sea, Wilhelm Souchon, William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, William Bridges (general), William Scurry, Wiltshire Regiment, Wing (military aviation unit), Winston Churchill, World War I, Yeomanry, Young Turks, 10th (Irish) Division, 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles, 15th Battalion (Australia), 19th Infantry Division (Ottoman Empire), 1st Brigade (Australia), 1st Division (Australia), 1st Light Horse Brigade, 1st Royal New South Wales Lancers, 29th Division (United Kingdom), 29th Indian Brigade, 2nd Brigade (Australia), 2nd Division (Australia), 2nd Mounted Division, 3rd Brigade (Australia), 3rd Light Horse Brigade, 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division, 4th Brigade (Australia), 5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force), 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division, 5th Brigade (Australia), 63rd (Royal Naval) Division, 6th Brigade (Australia), 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles, 74th (Yeomanry) Division, 75th Division (United Kingdom), 7th Brigade (Australia), 7th Light Horse Regiment (Australia). 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The ballad of Çanakkale (Tr. Çanakkale türküsü) is a Turkish folk song which tells about Battle of Gallipoli.
The Vilayet of Adrianople or Vilayet of Edirne (Ottoman Turkish:, Vilâyet-i Edirne) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire.
The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi or Adalar Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
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Alan McCrae Moorehead (22 July 1910 – 29 September 1983) was a war correspondent and author of popular histories, most notably two books on the nineteenth-century exploration of the Nile, The White Nile (1960) and The Blue Nile (1962).
The Albatros C.I was the first of the successful C-series of two-seat general-purpose biplanes built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke during World War I. Based on the unarmed Albatros B.II, the C.I reversed the pilot and observer seating so that the observer occupied the rear cockpit which was fitted with a ring-mounted 7.92 mm (0.312 in) Parabellum MG14 machine gun.
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Albert Gérard Léo d'Amade (24 December 1856 - 11 November 1941) was a French General.
General Sir Alexander John Godley GCB, KCMG (4 February 1867 – 6 March 1957) was a senior officer in the British Army.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied landing on mainland Italy on 3 September 1943 during the Second World War, by British General Harold Alexander's 15th Army Group (comprising Lieutenant General Mark Clark's United States Fifth Army and General Bernard Montgomery's British Eighth Army).
The Allies of World War I, also known as the Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers during the First World War.
An anti-submarine net or anti-submarine boom is a boom placed across the mouth of a harbour or a strait for protection against submarines.
Anzac Cove (Anzak Koyu) is a small cove on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.
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Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served." Observed on 25 April each year, Anzac Day was originally to honour the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought at Gallipoli against the Ottoman Empire during World War I. Some Canadian soldiers, who had signed up for service with the United Kingdom, were among the British forces at Gallipoli.
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The Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division was a mounted infantry division of the British Empire during the First World War.
The Anzac spirit or Anzac legend is a concept which suggests that Australian and New Zealand soldiers possess shared characteristics, specifically the qualities those soldiers allegedly exemplified on the battlefields of World War I. These qualities cluster around six ideas: endurance, courage, ingenuity, good humour, larrikinism, and mateship.
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The Arab Revolt (1916–1918; الثورة العربية Al-Thawra al-`Arabiyya; Arap İsyanı) was initiated by the Sherif Hussein bin Ali with the aim of securing independence from the ruling Ottoman Turks and creating a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.
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General Sir Archibald James Murray (23 April 1860 – 21 January 1945) was a British Army officer who served in the Second Boer War and World War I. He was Chief of Staff to the BEF in August 1914 but appears to have suffered a physical breakdown in the retreat from Mons, and was required to step down from that position in January 1915.
Brigadier Archibald Charles Melvill Paris DSO MC (1892–1942) was a British Army officer.
Aristide Briand (28 March 1862 – 7 March 1932) was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and was a co-laureate of the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.
Armistice Day (which coincides with Remembrance Day and Veterans Day, public holidays) is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918.
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The Armistice of Mudros (Mondros Mütarekesi), concluded on 30 October 1918, ended the hostilities, at noon the next day, in the Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies of World War I. It was signed by the Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe, on board HMS ''Agamemnon'' in Moudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos.
Admiral Arthur Henry Limpus (7 June 1863 – 3 November 1931) was a Royal Navy officer who became Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard.
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Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
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Aubrey Nigel Henry Molyneux Herbert (1880 – 26 September 1923) was a British diplomat, traveller, and intelligence officer associated with Albanian independence.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
Australian Light Horse were mounted troops with characteristics of both cavalry and mounted infantry.
The Australian Mounted Division originally formed as the Imperial Mounted Division in January 1917, was a mounted infantry, light horse and yeomanry division.
Austria-Hungary (Österreich-Ungarn; Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia), also known by other names and often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Empire of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867, when the compromise was ratified by the Hungarian parliament.
Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston KCB DSO GStJ (23 September 1864 – 18 March 1940) was a British Army general who served in World War I at Gallipoli and in the very early stages of the Somme Offensive.
Çanakkale (pronounced; from Ottoman Turkish, literally "pot fortress") is a city and seaport in Turkey, in Çanakkale Province, on the southern (Asian) coast of the Dardanelles at their narrowest point.
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Çanakkale 1915 (Gallipoli 1915) is a 2012 Turkish historical drama film directed by Yesim Sezgin as screen-written by Turgut Özakman based upon his own 2008 novel Diriliş: Çanakkale 1915.
The Çanakkale Martyrs' Memorial (Çanakkale Şehitleri Anıtı) is a war memorial commemorating the service of about 253,000 Turkish soldiers who participated at the Battle of Gallipoli, which took place from April 1915 to December 1915 during the First World War.
İskenderun or Scanderoon, Αλεξανδρέττα "Little Alexandria"), historically known as Alexandretta, is a city and the largest district in the province of Hatay on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.
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The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, the Baltic countries, and the North European Plain.
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Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
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A batman (or batwoman) is a soldier or airman assigned to a commissioned officer as a personal servant.
The Battle of Chunuk Bair (Conk Bayırı Muharebesi) was a World War I battle fought between the Ottoman defenders and troops of the British Empire.
The Battle of Finschhafen was part of the Huon Peninsula campaign during the Second World War between September and October 1943 between Australian and Japanese forces.
The Battle of Gully Ravine (Zığındere) was a World War I battle fought at Cape Helles on the Gallipoli peninsula.
The Battle of Hill 60 was the last major assault of the Gallipoli Campaign.
The Battle of Krithia Vineyard (6–13 August 1915) was fought during the Gallipoli Campaign during the First World War.
The Battle of Lone Pine (also known as the Battle of Kanlı Sırt) was fought between Australian and Ottoman Empire forces during the First World War between 6 and 10 August 1915.
The Battle of Romani was the last ground attack of the Central Powers on the Suez Canal at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War.
The Battle of Sari Bair (Sarı Bayır Harekâtı), also known as the August Offensive (Ağustos Taarruzları), was the final attempt made by the British in August 1915 to seize control of the Gallipoli peninsula from the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
The Battle of Scimitar Hill (Yusufçuk Tepe (Dragonfly Hill)) was the last offensive mounted by the British at Suvla during the Battle of Gallipoli in World War I. It was also the largest single-day attack ever mounted by the Allies at Gallipoli, involving three divisions.
The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II that was fought from November 20 to November 23, 1943.
The Battle of the Nek (Kılıçbayır Muharebesi) was a small World War I battle fought as part of the Gallipoli campaign.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns.
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A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit in, on, over or underneath the muzzle of a rifle, musket or similar weapon, doubling the gun as a spear.
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Lieutenant General Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg & Three Bars (21 March 1889 – 4 July 1963) was a British-born soldier and Victoria Cross recipient, who later served as the seventh Governor-General of New Zealand from 1946 to 1952.
The Black Sea is a sea between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia.
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Boghos Nubar Պօղոս Նուպար also known as Boghos Nubar Pasha (Պօղոս Նուպար Փաշա (2 August 1851 – 25 June 1930) was a Chairman of the Armenian National Assembly, liberal, the son of Egyptian Prime Minister Nubar Pasha and the founder, alongside ten other Armenian national movement leaders, of the Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) on April 15, 1906 and became its first ever president, a position he held from 1906 to 1928. In 1912, he was appointed by Catholicos Gevorg V to head the Armenian National Delegation.
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The British yeomanry during the First World War were part of the British Army reserve Territorial Force.
The Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand, raised for service during the First World War.
Cape Helles is the rocky headland at the southwesternmost tip of the Gallipoli peninsula, Turkey.
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The Caucasus Campaign comprised armed conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, later including Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Central Caspian Dictatorship and the British Empire as part of the Middle Eastern theatre during World War I. The Caucasus Campaign extended from the South Caucasus to the Armenian Highlands region, reaching as far as Trabzon, Bitlis, Mush and Van.
A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.
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The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri or Bağlaşma Devletleri; Централни сили Tsentralni sili), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Cevat Çobanlı (September 14, 1870 or 1871 – March 13, 1938) was a military commander of the Ottoman Army, War Minister (Harbiye Nazırı) of the Ottoman Empire and a general of the Turkish Army.
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Lieutenant Colonel Charles "Richard" Hotham Montagu Doughty-Wylie (23 July 1868 – 26 April 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross.
Air Commodore Charles Rumney Samson CMG, DSO & Bar, AFC (8 July 1883 – 5 February 1931) was a British naval aviation pioneer.
The Christmas truce (Weihnachtsfrieden; Trêve de Noël) was a series of widespread but unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front around Christmas 1914.
Combat medics (also known as medics) are military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-Basic level (16 week course in the U.S. Army), and who are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield.
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The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organization of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis or Κωνσταντινούπολη Konstantinoúpoli; Constantinopolis; قسطنطینية, Kostantiniyye; Цариград; modern Istanbul) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1924) empires.
The Corps Expeditionnaire d'Orient (Oriental Expeditionary Force) (CEO) was a French expeditionary force raised for service during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I. The corps initially consisted of a single infantry division that was raised in North Africa from metropolitan French and French colonial African soldiers, but later grew to two divisions.
A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in "war games".
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The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, Δαρδανέλλια, Dardanellia), formerly known as Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara.
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The Dardanelles Commission was an investigation into the disastrous 1915 Dardanelles Campaign.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman.
In military terminology, a demonstration is an attack or show of force on a front where a decision is not sought, made with the aim of deceiving the enemy.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
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The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations and British Empire, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Dysentery is an inflammation of the intestine causing diarrhea with blood.
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The Commander-in-Chief, East Indies was a British Royal Navy admiral and the formation subordinate to him, from 1865 to 1941.
During World War I, the Eastern Front (Восточный фронт, sometimes called the "Second Fatherland War" or "Second Patriotic War" (Вторая Отечественная война) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and Germany on the other.
Rear Admiral Edward Courtney Boyle VC (23 March 1883 – 16 December 1967) was a Royal Navy officer and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
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Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett (11 February 1881 – 4 May 1931) was a British war correspondent during the First World War.
The English Channel (Manche, "Sleeve"; Mor Breizh, "Bretons Sea"; Mor Bretannek, "British Sea"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Ismail Enver Pasha (اسماعیل انور پاشا; İsmail Enver Paşa; 22 November 1881 – 4 August 1922), commonly known as Enver Pasha, was an Ottoman military officer and a leader of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution.
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The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British overseas territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It began on Friday, 2 April 1982, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands (and, the following day, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them. On 5 April, the British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the islands. The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982, returning the islands to British control. In total, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel, and three Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities. The conflict was a major episode in the protracted confrontation over the territories' sovereignty. Argentina asserted (and maintains) that the islands are Argentinian territory, and the Argentine government thus characterised its military action as the reclamation of its own territory. The British government regarded the action as an invasion of a territory that had been a Crown colony since 1841. Falkland Islanders, who have inhabited the islands since the early 19th century, are predominantly descendants of British settlers, and favour British sovereignty. Neither state, however, officially declared war (both sides did declare the Islands areas a war zone and officially recognised that a state of war existed between them) and hostilities were almost exclusively limited to the territories under dispute and the area of the South Atlantic where they lie. The conflict has had a strong impact in both countries and has been the subject of various books, articles, films, and songs. Patriotic sentiment ran high in Argentina, but the outcome prompted large protests against the ruling military government, hastening its downfall. In the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party government, bolstered by the successful outcome, was re-elected the following year. The cultural and political weight of the conflict has had less effect in Britain than in Argentina, where it remains a continued topic for discussion. Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 following a meeting in Madrid, Spain, at which the two countries' governments issued a joint statement. No change in either country's position regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands was made explicit. In 1994, Argentina's claim to the territories was added to its constitution.
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The Fifth Army of the Ottoman Empire or Turkish Fifth Army was formed on March 24, 1915 and dissolved on October 1918.
The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война, Α΄ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος, Први балкански рат Prvi Balkanski rat, Birinci Balkan Savaşı), which lasted from October 1912 to May 1913, comprised actions of the Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria) against the Ottoman Empire.
The First Battle of Krithia was the first Allied attempt to advance in the Battle of Gallipoli during the First World War.
The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne) was a First World War battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army (Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger).
The First Battle of Ypres was a First World War battle fought around Ypres, in western Belgium during October and November 1914.
The Fokker Eindecker fighters were a series of German World War I monoplane single-seat fighter aircraft designed by Dutch engineer Anthony Fokker.
The Force in Egypt was a British Army formation established in August, 1914 as part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF), garrisoning armed forces in Egypt at the beginning of the First World War.
Lieutenant General Sir Frederick William Stopford, KCB, KCMG, KCVO (2 February 1854 – 4 May 1929) was a British Army officer, best remembered for commanding the Suvla Bay Landing in August 1915 during the Battle of Gallipoli.
Frostbite is the medical condition in which localized damage is caused to skin and other tissues due to freezing.
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The Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu Yarımadası; Καλλίπολη) is located in Turkish Thrace (or East Thrace), the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.
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Gaza (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998), ISBN 0-19-861263-X, p. 761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". غزة,; עזה), also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of 515,556, making it the largest city in the State of Palestine.
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Gelibolu, also known as Gallipoli (from Καλλίπολις, kallipolis, "beautiful city"), is the name of a town and a district in Çanakkale Province of the Marmara Region, located in Eastern Thrace in the European part of Turkey on the southern shore of the peninsula named after it on the Dardanelles strait, two miles away from Lapseki on the other shore.
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The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich), variously referred to as the German Reich or Realm, or Imperial Germany, was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.
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In the Pacific Theater of World War II, the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, from November 1943 through February 1944, were key strategic operations of the United States Pacific Fleet and Marine Corps in the Central Pacific.
Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich Romanov of Russia (Russian: Николай Николаевич Романов (младший – the younger); 6 November 1856 – 5 January 1929) was a Russian general in World War I. A grandson of Nicholas I of Russia, he was commander in chief of the Russian armies on the main front in the first year of the war, and was later a successful commander in the Caucasus.
A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies.
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Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
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Hans Kannengiesser was a German military officer during World War I. He served with the Ottoman Army during the battle of Gallipoli.
General Sir Henry George Chauvel (16 April 1865 – 4 March 1945), more usually known as Sir Harry Chauvel, was a senior officer of the Australian Imperial Force who fought at Gallipoli and during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of the First World War.
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The Helles Memorial is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission war memorial near Sedd el Bahr, Turkey.
Henri Joseph Eugène Gouraud (17 November 1867, Paris – 16 September 1946) was a French general, best known for his leadership of the French Fourth Army at the end of the World War I.
Commander Henry Hugh Gordon "Dacre" Stoker, DSO RN commonly credited in films as H.G. Stoker or Dacre Stoker (2 February 1885, Dublin – 2 February 1966, London), was an officer of the First and Second World War Royal Navy and stage and screen actor.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916) was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won fame for his imperial campaigns and later played a central role in the early part of World War I, although he died halfway through it.
The High Seas Fleet (Hochseeflotte) was the battle fleet of the German Imperial Navy and saw action during World War I. The formation was created in February 1907, when the Home Fleet (Heimatflotte) was renamed as the High Seas Fleet.
Hill 60 Cemetery is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery dating from World War I at the Northern end of the former Anzac sector of the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey and the location of Hill 60 (New Zealand) Memorial, one of four memorials on the peninsula which commemorate New Zealanders killed in the campaign but who have no known grave.
HMS Doris was an protected cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1890s.
The Huon Peninsula campaign was a series of battles fought in north-eastern Papua New Guinea in 1943–1944 during the Second World War.
General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton (16 January 1853 – 12 October 1947) was a senior officer in the British Army, who is most notable for commanding the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Gallipoli Campaign.
The III Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 3üncü Kolordu or Üçüncü Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army.
Imbros or İmroz, officially changed to Gökçeada since July 29, 1970,Alexis Alexandris, "The Identity Issue of The Minorities In Greece An Turkey", in Hirschon, Renée (ed.), Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey, Berghahn Books, 2003, (older name in Turkish: İmroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.
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The Imperial German Navy was the Imperial Navy – the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
In the context of the history of the twentieth century, the interwar period or interbellum (Latin: inter-, "between" + bellum, "war") was the period between the end of World War I and the beginning of World War II—the period beginning with the Armistice with Germany that concluded World War I in 1918 and the following Paris Peace Conference in 1919, and ending in 1939 with the invasion of Poland and the start of World War II.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
Istanbul (İstanbul), once known as Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey, and the country's economic, cultural, and historical center.
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The British IX Corps was an army corps formation that existed during World War I and World War II.
The Jewish Legion (1917–1921) is an unofficial name used to refer to five battalions of Jewish volunteers, the 38th to 42nd (Service) Battalions of the Royal Fusiliers, raised in the British Army to fight against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
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Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck, 1st Baronet GCB, GCMG, GCVO (10 June 1862 – 20 January 1928) was Royal Navy officer.
Admiral of the Fleet John Arbuthnot "Jacky" (or "Jackie") Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, (25 January 1841 – 10 July 1920) was a British admiral known for his efforts at naval reform.
General Sir John Monash (27 June 1865 – 8 October 1931) was a civil engineer and an Australian military commander of the First World War.
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John (Jack) Simpson Kirkpatrick (6 July 1892 – 19 May 1915), who served under the name John Simpson, was a stretcher bearer with the 1st Australian Division during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I. After landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, Simpson began to use donkeys to provide first aid and carry wounded soldiers to the beach, for evacuation.
The July Crisis was a diplomatic crisis among the major powers of Europe in the summer of 1914 that led to World War I. Immediately after Gavrilo Princip, a Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo, a series of diplomatic maneuverings led to an ultimatum from Austria-Hungary to the Kingdom of Serbia, and ultimately to war.
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Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch (12 August 1885 – 4 October 1952) was an Australian journalist and the father of Rupert Murdoch, the CEO and Chairman of News Corp.
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Kilitbahir (Turkish: Kilit-ül-bahr, "the key of the sea") is a Turkish village situated in the Eceabat district of Çanakkale Province, on the peninsula of Gallipoli (European part of the Dardanelles).
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The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος, Vasílion tis Elládos) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire).
The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.
The landing at Anzac Cove on Sunday, 25 April 1915, also known as the landing at Gaba Tepe, and to the Turks as the Arıburnu Battle, was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula by the forces of the British Empire, which began the land phase of the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War.
The landing at Cape Helles was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula by British and French forces on 25 April 1915 during the First World War.
The landing at Suvla Bay was an amphibious landing made at Suvla on the Aegean coast of Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire as part of the August Offensive, the final British attempt to break the deadlock of the Battle of Gallipoli.
Lemnos (Λήμνος, Limnos) is an island of Greece in the northern part of the Aegean Sea.
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Leslie Allen "Les" Carlyon, is an Australian writer, who was born in northern Victoria in 1942.
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The Levant (Arabic: المشرق Naim, Samia, Dialects of the Levant, in Weninger, Stefan et al. (eds.), The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter (2011), p. 921) is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the eastern Mediterranean.
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The Liberal Party was a liberal political party which was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom in the 19th and early 20th century.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, typically ranking above a major and below a colonel.
The following is an List of Ottoman sieges and landings from the 14th century to World War I.
This is a List of First Lords of the Admiralty of England, Great Britain and then the United Kingdom.
Lone Pine Cemetery is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery dating from World War I in the former Anzac sector of the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey and the location of the Lone Pine Memorial, one of five memorials on the peninsula which commemorate servicemen of the former British Empire killed in the campaign but who have no known grave.
The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (until 1921 known as the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1970.
Major-general (or major general) is a military rank used in many countries.
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Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
Admiral Sir Martin Eric Dunbar-Nasmith (1 April 1883 – 29 June 1965) was a Royal Navy officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Maurice Camille Bailloud (Tours, 13 October 1847 - 1 July 1921) was a French General.
The Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF) was part of the British Army during World War I, that commanded all Allied forces at Gallipoli and Salonika.
Mehmed V Reshad (Ottoman Turkish: محمد خامس Meḥmed-i ẖâmis, Mehmed V Reşad or Reşat Mehmet) (2 November 1844 – 3 July 1918) was the 35th Ottoman Sultan.
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Mehmed Esad Pasha (18 October 1862 – 2 November 1952), known as Mehmet Esat Bülkat after 1934, was an Ottoman general active during the First Balkan War, where he led the Yanya Corps, and in World War I, where he was the senior Ottoman commander in the Dardanelles Campaign.
Mesopotamia (from the Μεσοποταμία " between rivers"; بلاد الرافدين bilād ar-rāfidayn; میانرودان miyān rodān; ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ Beth Nahrain "land of rivers") is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, as well as parts of southeastern Turkey and of southwestern Iran.
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The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from the Indian Empire and Australia, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
The Middle Eastern theatre of World War I saw action between 29 October 1914 and 30 October 1918.
The Minister of Munitions was a British government position created during the First World War to oversee and co-ordinate the production and distribution of munitions for the war effort.
Morto bay is an inlet on the South West tip of Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first President of Turkey.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
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The New Zealand and Australian Division was formed at the start of the Gallipoli Campaign as a composite division under the command of New Zealand general Alexander Godley.
The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and dominion troops during World War I and World War II.
The New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade was a brigade of the New Zealand Army during the First World War.
The Nieuport 10 was a French biplane general purpose aircraft and trainer, in service during World War I.
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No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
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The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The Occupation of Constantinople (İstanbul'un İşgali) (November 13, 1918 – September 23, 1923), the occupation of the capital of the Ottoman Empire by British, French and Italian forces, took place in accordance with the Armistice of Mudros, which ended Ottoman participation in the First World War.
Odessa or Odesa (Оде́са,; p) is the fourth largest city in Ukraine with a population of 1,003,705.
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The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (usually abbreviated as HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australian involvement in the First World War.
Ordered to die: a history of the Ottoman army in the First World War is an account of the Ottoman Empire's military engagements in World War I (specifically the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I), fought between the Allies (led by Britain and Russia) and the Central Powers.
Generalleutnant Otto Viktor Karl von Sanders (February 17, 1855 – August 22, 1929) was a German general who served as an adviser and military commander to the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
The Aviation Squadrons of the Ottoman Empire were military aviation units of the Ottoman Army and Navy.
The Ottoman Empire (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) which is also known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.
Nusret (Eng. 'the help of God') was a naval ship of the Ottoman Navy, which served as a minelayer during the Gallipoli Campaign, and later fulfilled various roles in the Turkish Navy; as minelayer (1927–1937), diver vessel (1937–1939) and tender (1939–1955).
The Ottoman–German Alliance was an alliance between the German Empire and the Ottoman Empire that was ratified on August 2, 1914, shortly following the outbreak of World War I. The alliance was created as part of a joint-cooperative effort that would strengthen and modernize the failing Ottoman military, as well as provide Germany safe passage into neighboring British colonies.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theatre of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and East Asia.
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Palestine (فلسطين.,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire (30 October 1918 – 1 November 1922) was a political event that occurred after World War I. The huge conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was divided into several new states.
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
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For other Peter Harts, see Peter Hart (disambiguation) Peter Hart (10 January 1955, Weardale) is a British military historian.
The Peyk-i Şevket class was a pair of torpedo cruisers built for the Ottoman Navy by the German shipyard Germaniawerft in 1906–07.
Philip J. Haythornthwaite (born 1951) is a military historian and author, with a particular interest in the Napoleonic Wars.
Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The pursuit of Goeben and Breslau was a naval action that occurred in the Mediterranean Sea at the outbreak of the First World War when elements of the British Mediterranean Fleet attempted to intercept the German Mittelmeerdivision consisting of the battlecruiser and the light cruiser.
Rafah (رفح) is a Palestinian city and refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip.
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A rearguard is that part of a military force that protects it from attack from the rear, either during an advance or withdrawal.
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Remembrance Day (also known as Poppy Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth of Nations member states since the end of the First World War to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty.
Admiral Sir Richard Henry Peirse (4 September 1860 – 10 July 1940) was a senior Royal Navy officer during World War I.
Admiral of the Fleet Roger John Brownlow Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes, (4 October 1872 – 26 December 1945) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Royal Dublin Fusiliers was an Irish infantry Regiment of the British Army created in 1881, one of eight Irish regiments raised and garrisoned in Ireland, with its home depot in Naas.
The Hampshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot.
The Royal Munster Fusiliers was a regular infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service - Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Newfoundland Regiment (R NFLD R) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Norfolk Regiment, originally formed as the Norfolk Regiment, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment), the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland, with the Royal Highland Fusiliers becoming the 2nd Battalion of the new regiment.
Russell Frank Weigley (WY-glee), PhD, (July 2, 1930 – March 3, 2004) was the Distinguished University Professor of History at Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and a noted military historian.
The Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian orthography: Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian: Российская империя, translit: Rossiyskaya Imperiya) was a state that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917.
Admiral Sir Sackville Hamilton Carden KCMG (1857–1930) was a British admiral who, in cooperation with the French Navy, commanded British naval forces in the Mediterranean Sea during the First World War.
The Sanjak of Gelibolu or Gallipoli (Ottoman Turkish: Sancak-i/Liva-i Gelibolu) was a second-level Ottoman province (sanjak or liva) encompassing the Gallipoli Peninsula and a portion of southern Thrace.
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi, Θάλασσα του Μαρμαρά), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis (Προποντίς), is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
The Sea of Okhotsk (p; Ohōtsuku-kai) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north.
H. H. Asquith formed the Second Asquith Ministry, a wartime coalition government, in the aftermath of the Gallipoli disaster in 1915, by bringing in the Conservatives to shore up his government.
The Second Battle of Gaza was fought between 17 to 19 April 1917, following the defeat of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) at the First Battle of Gaza in March, during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The Second Battle of Krithia continued the Allies' attempts to advance on the Helles battlefield during the Battle of Gallipoli of the First World War.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).
Sedd el Bahr (in modern Turkish, Seddülbahir, meaning "Walls of the Sea" in Ottoman) is a village in the district of Eceabat, Çanakkale Province, Turkey.
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The Short Type 827 was a 1910s British two-seat reconnaissance floatplane.
The label of "sick man of Europe" is given to a European country experiencing a time of economic difficulty or impoverishment.
The Siege of Kut Al Amara (7 December 1915 – 29 April 1916), also known as the First Battle of Kut, was the besieging of an 8,000 strong British-Indian garrison in the town of Kut, 100 miles south of Baghdad, by the Ottoman Army.
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The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire supported by the German Empire.
The Sinai Peninsula or simply Sinai (سيناء; سينا), or "סיני" in Hebrew, is a triangular peninsula in Egypt about in area.
A sinecure (from Latin sine.
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General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro, 1st Baronet, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, (15 June 1860 – 7 December 1929) was a British Army general officer during the First World War and Commander-in-Chief, India for the latter part of the conflict.
SMS Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm ("His Majesty's Ship Elector Friedrich Wilhelm") was one of the first ocean-going battleships of the Imperial German Navy.
A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
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Depth ratings are primary design parameters and measures of a submarine's ability to operate underwater.
The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
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View of Suvla from Battleship Hill Suvla is a bay on the Aegean coast of the Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey, south of the Gulf of Saros.
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The Sydney Cenotaph is located in Martin Place, in Sydney, Australia and is one of the oldest World War I monuments in central Sydney.
A tank is a large type of armoured fighting vehicle with tracks, designed for front-line combat.
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Tenedos (Tenedhos) or Bozcaada (Bozcaada) is an island of Turkey in the northeastern part of the Aegean Sea.
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Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη), also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
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The Third Battle of Gaza was fought on the night of 1/2 November 1917 between British and Ottoman forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I, and came after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory at the Battle of Beersheba had ended the Stalemate in Southern Palestine.
The Third Battle of Krithia (Turkish: Kirte), fought on the Gallipoli peninsula during World War I, was the final in a series of Allied attacks against the Ottoman defences aimed at capturing the original objectives of 25 April 1915.
This article presents the timeline of the Gallipoli Campaign.
Trans-Caspia is a seldom-used name for the region lying to the east of the Caspian Sea.
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Trench warfare is a form of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime.
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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish), is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe.
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The Turkish Land Forces (Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Türk Ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.
The Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: İstiklâl Harbi, literally "Independence War" or Kurtuluş Savaşı literally "Liberation War" or Millî Mücadele literally "National Campaign"; May 19, 1919 – July 24, 1923) was fought between the Turkish nationalists and the proxies of the Allies, namely Greece on the Western front, Armenia on the Eastern, France on the Southern and with them, the United Kingdom and Italy in Constantinople (now Istanbul), after the country was occupied and partitioned following the Ottoman Empire's defeat in World War I. Although present, few British, French, Italian or Georgian troops were deployed or engaged in combat.
Twelve Tree Copse Cemetery is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery containing the remains of Allied troops who died during the Gallipoli campaign.
Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a symptomatic bacterial infection due to Salmonella typhi.
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A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old") is a person who has had long service or experience in a particular occupation or field; "A veteran of..." This page refers to military veterans, i.e., a person who has served or is serving in the armed forces.
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The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.
VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Voisin was a French aircraft manufacturing company, one of the first in the world.
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Vehib Pasha also known as Wehib Pasha, Vehip Pasha, Mehmed Wehib Pasha, Mehmet Vehip Pasha (modern Turkish: Kaçı Vehip Paşa or Mehmet Vehip (Kaçı), 1877–1940), was a general in the Ottoman Army.
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Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.
The White Sea (Белое море, Beloye more; Karelian and Vienanmeri, lit. Dvina Sea; Сэрако ямʼ, Serako yam) is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia.
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Wilhelm Anton Souchon (2 June 1864 – 13 January 1946) was a German and Ottoman admiral in World War I who commanded the Kaiserliche Marine's Mediterranean squadron in the early days of the war.
Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood (13 September 1865 – 17 May 1951) was a British Army officer.
Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges (18 February 1861 – 18 May 1915) was a senior Australian military officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Military College, Duntroon and who served as the first Australian Chief of the General Staff.
William Charles Scurry, MC, DCM (30 October 1895 – 28 December 1963) was an Australian soldier who invented the self-firing "drip rifle" while serving as a private in the Gallipoli campaign during the First World War.
The Wiltshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot and the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot.
In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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Yeomanry is a designation used by a number of units or sub-units of the British Army Reserve, descended from volunteer cavalry regiments.
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The Young Turks (Jön Türkler, from Les Jeunes Turcs, or Genç Türkler) were a political reform movement in the early 20th century, favoring replacement of the absolute monarchy of the Ottoman Empire with a constitutional monarchy.
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The 10th (Irish) Division, was one of the first of Kitchener's New Army K1 Army Group divisions (formed from Kitchener's 'first hundred thousand' new volunteers), authorized on 21 August 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.
The 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles, (abbreviated to 10 GR), was originally a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 15th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 19th Infantry Division was a formation of the Ottoman Turkish Army, during the Balkan Wars, and the First World War.
1st Brigade is a combined arms formation of the Australian Army.
The 1st Division is the main formation of the Australian Army and contains the majority of the Army's regular forces.
The 1st Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force, which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. In 1914, the brigade formed part of the New Zealand and Australian Division but during the Gallipoli Campaign served in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC).
The 1st Royal New South Wales Lancers was an Australian Army light cavalry (reconnaissance) regiment.
The British 29th Division, known as the Incomparable Division, was a First World War regular army infantry division formed in early 1915 by combining various units that had been acting as garrisons about the British Empire.
The 29th Indian Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Indian Army that saw active service with the Indian Army during the First World War.
The 2nd Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 2nd Division commands all the reserve brigades in Australia.
The 2nd Mounted Division was a yeomanry (Territorial Army cavalry) division that served in the First World War.
The 3rd Brigade is a combined arms brigade of the Australian Army, principally made up of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment (1, 2 and 3 RAR).
The 3rd Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade first saw action during the Dardanelles Campaign in the Battle of Gallipoli where they were noted for their charge during the Battle of the Nek.
The 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Brigade is a brigade-level formation of the Australian Army.
The 5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World wars.
The 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
5th Brigade is a brigade of the Australian Army.
The 63rd (Royal Naval) Division was a United Kingdom infantry division which served during the First World War.
The 6th Brigade is an Australian Army brigade.
The 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles was a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin, before being transferred to the British Army following India's independence.
The 74th (Yeomanry) Division was a Territorial Force infantry division formed in Palestine in early 1917 from three dismounted yeomanry brigades.
75th Division was an infantry division of the British Army in World War I. It was raised in the field by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) in 1917 and it included British, Indian and South African troops.
7th Brigade is a combined arms formation or brigade of the Australian Army.
The 7th Light Horse Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment of the Australian Army during the First World War.
Allied evacuation of Gallipoli, Battle of Canakkale, Battle of Gallipoli, Battle of gallipoli, Battle of Çanakkale, Battles of Çanakkale, Canakkale Savaslari, Canakkale War, Dardanelles Campaign, Dardanelles Expedition, Dardanelles campaign, Dardenelles Campaign, Galipoli campaign, Gallipoli (battle), Gallipoli 1915, Gallipoli 1915-16, Gallipoli 1915–16, Gallipoli campaign, Gallipoli landing, Gallipoli landings, Landing at Gallipoli, The Gallipoli campaign, The gallipoli campaign, Çanakkale Savaşları, Çanakkale Savaşı.