Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Gamma spectroscopy

+ Save concept

Gamma-ray spectroscopy is the quantitative study of the energy spectra of gamma-ray sources, in such as the nuclear industry, geochemical investigation, and astrophysics. [1]

65 relations: Alpha particle, Alpha-particle spectroscopy, Analog-to-digital converter, Background radiation, Backscatter, Becquerel, Beta particle, Bismuth germanate, Cadmium telluride, Cadmium zinc telluride, Caesium, Cobalt, Compton scattering, Cryogenics, Data acquisition, Decay chain, Decay product, Decay scheme, Discrete spectrum, Doping (semiconductor), Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum, Electron shell, Electronic anticoincidence, Electronvolt, Energy, Full width at half maximum, Gamma probe, Gamma ray, Gamma-ray spectrometer, Germanium, Internal conversion, Ionization chamber, Isomeric shift, Lead, Liquid nitrogen, Liquid scintillation counting, List of things named after Carl Friedrich Gauss, Lithium, Mass spectrometry, Mössbauer spectroscopy, Multichannel analyzer, Normal distribution, Nuclide, Operating temperature, Pair production, Pandemonium effect, Photoelectric effect, Photomultiplier, Photon, ..., Radionuclide, Scintillation counter, Scintillator, Second, Secular equilibrium, Semiconductor detector, Sodium iodide, Spectroscopy, Spectrum, Thallium, Thermoluminescent dosimeter, Total absorption spectroscopy, Trapezoid, Valence and conduction bands, X-ray spectroscopy. Expand index (15 more) »

Alpha particle

Alpha particles consist of two protons and two neutrons bound together into a particle identical to a helium-4 nucleus.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Alpha particle · See more »

Alpha-particle spectroscopy

One method for testing of (and measuring) many alpha emitters is to use alpha-particle spectroscopy.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Alpha-particle spectroscopy · See more »

Analog-to-digital converter

In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) is a system that converts an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or light entering a digital camera, into a digital signal.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Analog-to-digital converter · See more »

Background radiation

Background radiation is a measure of the ionizing radiation present in the environment at a particular location which is not due to deliberate introduction of radiation sources.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Background radiation · See more »

Backscatter

In physics, backscatter (or backscattering) is the reflection of waves, particles, or signals back to the direction from which they came.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Backscatter · See more »

Becquerel

The becquerel (symbol: Bq) is the SI derived unit of radioactivity.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Becquerel · See more »

Beta particle

A beta particle, also called beta ray or beta radiation, (symbol β) is a high-energy, high-speed electron or positron emitted by the radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus during the process of beta decay.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Beta particle · See more »

Bismuth germanate

Bismuth germanium oxide or bismuth germanate is an inorganic chemical compound of bismuth, germanium and oxygen.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Bismuth germanate · See more »

Cadmium telluride

Cadmium telluride (CdTe) is a stable crystalline compound formed from cadmium and tellurium.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Cadmium telluride · See more »

Cadmium zinc telluride

Cadmium zinc telluride, (CdZnTe) or CZT, is a compound of cadmium, zinc and tellurium or, more strictly speaking, an alloy of cadmium telluride and zinc telluride.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Cadmium zinc telluride · See more »

Caesium

Caesium (British spelling and IUPAC spelling) or cesium (American spelling) is a chemical element with symbol Cs and atomic number 55.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Caesium · See more »

Cobalt

Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Cobalt · See more »

Compton scattering

Compton scattering, discovered by Arthur Holly Compton, is the scattering of a photon by a charged particle, usually an electron.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Compton scattering · See more »

Cryogenics

In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Cryogenics · See more »

Data acquisition

Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Data acquisition · See more »

Decay chain

In nuclear science, the decay chain refers to a series of radioactive decays of different radioactive decay products as a sequential series of transformations.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Decay chain · See more »

Decay product

In nuclear physics, a decay product (also known as a daughter product, daughter isotope, radio-daughter, or daughter nuclide) is the remaining nuclide left over from radioactive decay.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Decay product · See more »

Decay scheme

The decay scheme of a radioactive substance is a graphical presentation of all the transitions occurring in a decay, and of their relationships.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Decay scheme · See more »

Discrete spectrum

A physical quantity is said to have a discrete spectrum if it takes only distinct values, with gaps between one value and the next.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Discrete spectrum · See more »

Doping (semiconductor)

In semiconductor production, doping is the intentional introduction of impurities into an intrinsic semiconductor for the purpose of modulating its electrical properties.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Doping (semiconductor) · See more »

Electromagnetic radiation

In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Electromagnetic radiation · See more »

Electromagnetic spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Electromagnetic spectrum · See more »

Electron shell

In chemistry and atomic physics, an electron shell, or a principal energy level, may be thought of as an orbit followed by electrons around an atom's nucleus.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Electron shell · See more »

Electronic anticoincidence

Electronic anticoincidence is a method (and its associated hardware) widely used to suppress unwanted, "background" events in high energy physics, experimental particle physics, gamma-ray spectroscopy, gamma-ray astronomy, experimental nuclear physics, and related fields.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Electronic anticoincidence · See more »

Electronvolt

In physics, the electronvolt (symbol eV, also written electron-volt and electron volt) is a unit of energy equal to approximately joules (symbol J).

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Electronvolt · See more »

Energy

In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Energy · See more »

Full width at half maximum

Full width at half maximum (FWHM) is an expression of the extent of function given by the difference between the two extreme values of the independent variable at which the dependent variable is equal to half of its maximum value.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Full width at half maximum · See more »

Gamma probe

A gamma probe is a handheld device containing a scintillation counter, for intraoperative use following injection of a radionuclide, to locate sentinel lymph nodes by their radioactivity.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Gamma probe · See more »

Gamma ray

A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Gamma ray · See more »

Gamma-ray spectrometer

A gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) is an instrument for measuring the distribution (or spectrum—see figure) of the intensity of gamma radiation versus the energy of each photon.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Gamma-ray spectrometer · See more »

Germanium

Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Germanium · See more »

Internal conversion

Internal conversion is a radioactive decay process wherein an excited nucleus interacts electromagnetically with one of the orbital electrons of the atom.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Internal conversion · See more »

Ionization chamber

The ionization chamber is the simplest of all gas-filled radiation detectors, and is widely used for the detection and measurement of certain types of ionizing radiation; X-rays, gamma rays, and beta particles.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Ionization chamber · See more »

Isomeric shift

The isomeric shift (also called isomer shift) is the shift on atomic spectral lines and gamma spectral lines, which occurs as a consequence of replacement of one nuclear isomer by another.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Isomeric shift · See more »

Lead

Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Lead · See more »

Liquid nitrogen

Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at an extremely low temperature.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Liquid nitrogen · See more »

Liquid scintillation counting

Liquid scintillation counting is the measurement of activity of a sample of radioactive material which uses the technique of mixing the active material with a liquid scintillator (e.g. Zinc sulfide), and counting the resultant photon emissions.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Liquid scintillation counting · See more »

List of things named after Carl Friedrich Gauss

Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855) is the eponym of all of the topics listed below.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and List of things named after Carl Friedrich Gauss · See more »

Lithium

Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Lithium · See more »

Mass spectrometry

Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry · See more »

Mössbauer spectroscopy

Mössbauer spectroscopy is a spectroscopic technique based on the Mössbauer effect.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy · See more »

Multichannel analyzer

A multichannel analyzer (MCA) is a laboratory instrument used to analyze an input signal that primarily consists of pulses.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Multichannel analyzer · See more »

Normal distribution

In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian or Gauss or Laplace–Gauss) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Normal distribution · See more »

Nuclide

A nuclide (from nucleus, also known as nuclear species) is an atomic species characterized by the specific constitution of its nucleus, i.e., by its number of protons Z, its number of neutrons N, and its nuclear energy state.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Nuclide · See more »

Operating temperature

An operating temperature is the temperature at which an electrical or mechanical device operates.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Operating temperature · See more »

Pair production

Pair production is the creation of an elementary particle and its antiparticle from a neutral boson.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Pair production · See more »

Pandemonium effect

Schematic showing how the Pandemonium effect can affect the results in an imaginary decay to a nucleus that has 3 levels. If this effect is large, feeding to high lying levels is not detected, and more beta feeding is assigned to the low-lying energy levels. The Pandemonium effect is a problem that may appear when high resolution detectors (usually germanium detectors) are used in beta decay studies.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Pandemonium effect · See more »

Photoelectric effect

The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons or other free carriers when light shines on a material.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Photoelectric effect · See more »

Photomultiplier

Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Photomultiplier · See more »

Photon

The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Photon · See more »

Radionuclide

A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Radionuclide · See more »

Scintillation counter

A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Scintillation counter · See more »

Scintillator

A scintillator is a material that exhibits scintillation—the property of luminescence, when excited by ionizing radiation.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Scintillator · See more »

Second

The second is the SI base unit of time, commonly understood and historically defined as 1/86,400 of a day – this factor derived from the division of the day first into 24 hours, then to 60 minutes and finally to 60 seconds each.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Second · See more »

Secular equilibrium

In nuclear physics, secular equilibrium is a situation in which the quantity of a radioactive isotope remains constant because its production rate (e.g., due to decay of a parent isotope) is equal to its decay rate.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Secular equilibrium · See more »

Semiconductor detector

This article is about ionizing radiation detectors.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Semiconductor detector · See more »

Sodium iodide

Sodium iodide (chemical formula NaI) is an ionic compound formed from the chemical reaction of sodium metal and iodine.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Sodium iodide · See more »

Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Spectroscopy · See more »

Spectrum

A spectrum (plural spectra or spectrums) is a condition that is not limited to a specific set of values but can vary, without steps, across a continuum.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Spectrum · See more »

Thallium

Thallium is a chemical element with symbol Tl and atomic number 81.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Thallium · See more »

Thermoluminescent dosimeter

A thermoluminescent dosimeter, or TLD, is a type of radiation dosimeter.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Thermoluminescent dosimeter · See more »

Total absorption spectroscopy

Total absorption spectroscopy is a measurement technique that allows the measurement of the gamma radiation emitted in the different nuclear gamma transitions that may take place in the daughter nucleus after its unstable parent has decayed by means of the beta decay process.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Total absorption spectroscopy · See more »

Trapezoid

In Euclidean geometry, a convex quadrilateral with at least one pair of parallel sides is referred to as a trapezoid in American and Canadian English but as a trapezium in English outside North America.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Trapezoid · See more »

Valence and conduction bands

In solid-state physics, the valence band and conduction band are the bands closest to the Fermi level and thus determine the electrical conductivity of the solid.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and Valence and conduction bands · See more »

X-ray spectroscopy

X-ray spectroscopy is a gathering name for several spectroscopic techniques for characterization of materials by using x-ray excitation.

New!!: Gamma spectroscopy and X-ray spectroscopy · See more »

Redirects here:

Gamma ray detector, Gamma ray spectrometry, Gamma ray spectroscopy, Gamma spectrometry, Gamma-ray detector, Gamma-ray detectors, Gamma-ray spectroscopy, Mrinoe, Nuclear spectroscopy.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_spectroscopy

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »