160 relations: 'Ndrangheta, ABC News, Adam the Leper, Administrative subpoena, African Americans, American frontier, American Mafia, Armenians, Aryan Brotherhood, Asian Americans, Asian Boyz, Assassins, Azerbaijanis, Azusa 13, Bakassi Boys, Bandidos Motorcycle Club, Banditry, Barrington Moore Jr., Black Guerrilla Family, Blood & Honour, Bloods, Bowery Boys, California, Camorra, Cape Town, Chechens, Chicago, Chicago Gaylords, Cocaine, Cognate, Collective narcissism, Criminal spin, Criminal tattoo, Crips, Damned Crew, Dead Rabbits, Developing country, Drug cartel, El Salvador, Extortion, Favela, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Triangle, Feudalism, Folk Nation, Forty Thieves (New York gang), Front organization, Gang colors, Gang population, Gang signal, ..., Gangs in Australia, Gangs in Canada, Gangs in New Zealand, Gangs in the United Kingdom, Gangs in the United States, Gangsta rap, Gangster, Georgians, Graffiti, Hammerskins, Harassment, Hells Angels, Hispanic and Latino Americans, Hong Kong, Igbo people, Illegal drug trade, Illinois Department of Corrections, International Opium Convention, Intimidation, Irish Mob, Italy, Japan, Jewish-American organized crime, John Hagedorn, Kidnapping, Ku Klux Klan, Latin Kings (gang), Law and order (politics), List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates, List of gangs in the United States, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California, Mexican Mafia, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Mischief, MS-13, Murder Bay, Mythology, National Police Agency (Japan), Nazi Lowriders, New York City, Nigeria, Noose, Norteños, Nuestra Familia, Old English, Old Norse, Organized crime, Organized crime in Italy, Outlaw motorcycle club, Outlaws Motorcycle Club, Pagan's Motorcycle Club, Pancho Villa, Participle, Pejorative, Penny Mobs, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Polish-American organized crime, Primeiro Comando da Capital, Prison gang, Prohibition of drugs, Protection racket, Raskol gangs, Rio de Janeiro, Ritual, Robbery, Runnymede Trust, Russian mafia, Russians, Sacra Corona Unita, San Clemente, California, Sharia patrols, Shower Posse, Sicilian Mafia, Snakehead (gang), South Africa, Stalking, Sureños, Tattoo, Taunting, Territory (animal), Terrorism, Texas Syndicate, The New York Times, The World Development Report 2011, Theft, Thuggee, Tiny Rascal Gang, Triad (organized crime), Trinitario, Ukrainians, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States, United States Department of Justice, University of Manchester, University of Minnesota Press, Validation (gang membership), Violence, Violent non-state actor, Volstead Act, Wah Ching, War on Gangs, Washington, D.C., White Americans, Yakuza, Yardie, Zoe Pound, 18th Street gang. Expand index (110 more) » « Shrink index
The 'Ndràngheta is an organized crime group centered in Calabria, Italy.
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Adam the Leper was the leader of a fourteenth-century robber band, operating in the south east of England in the 1330s and 1340s.
An administrative subpoena under U.S. law is a subpoena issued by a federal agency without prior judicial oversight.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
The Aryan Brotherhood, also known as the Brand or the AB, is a white supremacist and Neo-Nazi prison gang and organized crime syndicate in the United States with an estimated 15,000–20,000 members in and out of prison.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
The Asian Boyz, also known as ABZ or AB-26, are a street gang based in Southern California.
Order of Assassins or simply Assassins (أساسين asāsīn, حشاشین Hashâshīn) is the common name used to refer to an Islamic sect formally known as the Nizari Ismailis.
Azerbaijanis or Azeris (Azərbaycanlılar آذربایجانلیلار, Azərilər آذریلر), also known as Azerbaijani Turks (Azərbaycan türkləri آذربایجان تورکلری), are a Turkic ethnic group living mainly in the Iranian region of Azerbaijan and the sovereign (former Soviet) Republic of Azerbaijan.
Azusa 13 is a street gang based in Azusa in the eastern San Gabriel Valley area of Los Angeles.
The Bakassi Boys are a group of youth known for their anti-crime vigilantism, and are usually armed with machetes and guns.
The Bandidos Motorcycle Club, also known as the Bandido Nation, is a "one-percenter" motorcycle club with a worldwide membership.
Banditry is the life and practice of bandits.
Barrington Moore Jr. (12 May 1913 – 16 October 2005) was an American political sociologist, and the son of forester Barrington Moore.
The Black Guerilla Family, or BGF (also known as the Black Family or the Black Vanguard) is an African-American prison and street gang founded in 1966 by George Jackson, George “Big Jake” Lewis, and W.L. Nolen while they were incarcerated at San Quentin State Prison in Marin County, California.
Blood & Honour is a neo-Nazi music promotion network and political group founded in the United Kingdom in 1987.
The Bloods, also known as (OBF) Original Blood Family, are a primarily African-American street gang founded in Los Angeles, California.
The Bowery Boys were a Nativist, anti-Catholic, and anti-Irish gang based out of the Bowery neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City in the early-mid-19th century.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Camorra is an Italian Mafia-type, by Umberto Santino, in: Albanese, Das & Verma, Organized Crime.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Chechens (Нохчий; Old Chechen: Нахчой Naxçoy) are a Northeast Caucasian ethnic group of the Nakh peoples originating in the North Caucasus region of Eastern Europe.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Gaylords, also known as the Almighty Gaylords, is a Chicago street gang most active during the mid and late 20th century.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Collective narcissism (or group narcissism) extends the concept of individual narcissism onto the social level of self.
Criminal spin is a phenomenological model in criminology, depicting the development of criminal behavior.
Criminal tattoos are a type of tattoos associated with criminals to show gang membership and record the wearer's personal history—such as their skills, specialties, accomplishments, incarceration, world view and/or means of personal expression.
The Crips, also known as Original Crip Homies (OCH), are a gang based in the coastal regions of Southern California.
The Damned Crew, or Cursed Crew, was a group of young gentlemen in late 16th and early 17th century London noted for habitually swaggering drunk through the streets, assaulting passers-by and watchmen.
The Dead Rabbits was the name of an Irish American criminal street gang in Lower Manhattan in the 1850s.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
A drug cartel is any criminal organization with the intention of supplying drug trafficking operations.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Extortion (also called shakedown, outwrestling and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from an individual or institution, through coercion.
A favela, Brazilian Portuguese for slum, is a low-income historically informal urban area in Brazil.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
The Federal Triangle is a triangular area in Washington, D.C. formed by 15th Street NW, Constitution Avenue NW, Pennsylvania Avenue NW, and E Street NW.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
The Folk Nation (also known as Folk) is an alliance of American street gangs originating from the Chicago area, in 1978.
The Forty Thieves — likely named after Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves — were formed in 1825 and alleged to be the first known and oldest New York City criminal street gang.
A front organization is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization, such as intelligence agencies, organized crime groups, banned organizations, religious or political groups, advocacy groups, or corporations.
Gang colours include clothing, accessories, or tattoos of a specific colour or colours that represent an affiliation to a specific gang or gang branch.
Reports on the number of people involved in criminal gangs, by locale.
A gang signal is a visual or verbal way gang members identify their affiliation.
The history of gangs in Australia goes back to the colonial era.
Gangs in Canada are mostly present in the major urban areas of Canada, although their activities are not confined to large cities.
There are numerous gangs in New Zealand, of varying criminality, organisation and ethnicity.
Gang-related organised crime in the United Kingdom is concentrated around the cities of London, Manchester and Liverpool and regionally across the West Midlands region, south coast and northern England, according to the Serious Organised Crime Agency.
Gangs in the United States include several types of groups, including national street gangs, local street gangs, prison gangs, motorcycle clubs, and ethnic and organized crime gangs.
Gangsta rap or Gangster rap is a style of hip hop characterized by themes and lyrics that generally emphasize the "gangsta" lifestyle.
A gangster is a criminal who is a member of a gang.
The Georgians or Kartvelians (tr) are a nation and Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia.
Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.
The Hammerskins (also known as Hammerskin Nation) are a white supremacist group formed in 1988 in Dallas, Texas.
Harassment covers a wide range of behaviors of an offensive nature.
The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club (HAMC) is a worldwide one-percenter motorcycle club whose members typically ride Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Igbo people (also Ibo," formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo; natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò) are an ethnic group native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria.
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
The Illinois Department of Corrections (IDOC) is the code department of the Illinois state government that operates the adult state prison system.
The International Opium Convention, signed at The Hague on January 23, 1912 during the First International Opium Conference, was the first international drug control treaty.
Intimidation (also called cowing) is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" to fear injury or harm.
The Irish Mob is the oldest organized crime group in the United States, in existence since the early 19th century.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jewish-American organized crime emerged within the American Jewish community during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
John M. Hagedorn is a professor of criminal justice at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
In criminal law, kidnapping is the unlawful carrying away (asportation) and confinement of a person against his or her will.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.
The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation (ALKQN, ALKN, LKN) is the oldest and largest Hispanic and Latino street gang worldwide.
In politics, law and order (also known as tough on crime and the War on Crime) refers to demands for a strict criminal justice system, especially in relation to violent and property crime, through stricter criminal penalties.
This is a listing of enterprises, gangs, and syndicates that are involved in organized crime.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation website in 2014 stated that there were some 33,000 gangs in the United States which they classified as street gangs, motorcycle gangs or prison gangs.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017.
The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La Eme (Spanish for "the M"), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Mischief or malicious mischief is the specific name for different criminal offenses in a number of different jurisdictions.
Mara Salvatrucha (MS), also known as MS-13 (the 13 representing their Sureño affiliation), is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California, in the 1980s.
Murder Bay was a disreputable slum in Washington D.C. roughly bounded by Constitution Avenue NW, Pennsylvania Avenue NW, and 15th Street NW (the area currently known as Federal Triangle).
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
The is an agency administered by the National Public Safety Commission of the Cabinet Office of the Cabinet of Japan, and is the central agency of the Japanese police system, and the central coordinating agency of law enforcement in situations of national emergency in Japan.
The Nazi Lowriders (or NLR, or The Ride) are a Neo-Nazi, White supremacist organized crime syndicate, and prison and street gang based primarily in Southern California and Texas.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
A noose is a loop at the end of a rope in which the knot tightens under load and can be loosened without.
Norteños (Spanish: meaning Northerners; Norteñas for females) are the various, loosely affiliated street gangs that pay tribute to Nuestra Familia while in U.S. federal and state correctional facilities.
Nuestra Familia (Spanish for "our family") is a criminal organization of Mexican American (Chicano) prison gangs with origins in Northern California.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
Organized crime in Italy and its criminal organizations have been prevalent in Italy, especially Southern Italy, for centuries and have affected the social and economic life of many Italian regions since at least the 19th century.
An outlaw motorcycle club is a motorcycle subculture that has its roots in the immediate post-World War II era of American society.
The Outlaws Motorcycle Club, incorporated as the American Outlaws Association or its acronym, A.O.A., is an American outlaw motorcycle club that was formed in McCook, Illinois in 1935.
Pagan's Motorcycle Club, or simply The Pagans, is an outlaw, one-percenter motorcycle club and an alleged organized crime syndicate formed by Lou Dobkin in 1959 in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa (born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula; 5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.
A pejorative (also called a derogatory term, a slur, a term of abuse, or a term of disparagement) is a word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation or a low opinion of someone or something, showing a lack of respect for someone or something.
The Penny Mobs was the names used by the press to describe the early street gang active in Glasgow, Scotland, during the early 1870s.
The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (Wazí Aháŋhaŋ Oyáŋke), also called Pine Ridge Agency, is an Oglala Lakota Native American reservation located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.
Polish-American organized crime has existed in the United States throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.
Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC or 15.3.3; "First Command of the Capital"), is, according to a 2012 Brazilian Government report, the largest Brazilian criminal organization with a membership of almost 20,000 members, 6,000 of whom are in prison.
A prison gang is an inmate organization that operates within a prison system.
The prohibition of drugs through sumptuary legislation or religious law is a common means of attempting to prevent the recreational use of certain harmful drugs and other intoxicating substances.
A protection racket is a scheme whereby a group provides protection to businesses or other groups through violence outside the sanction of the law—in other words, a racket that sells security, traditionally physical security but now also computer security.
Raskol gangs are criminal gangs in Papua New Guinea, primarily in the larger cities, including Port Moresby and Lae.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence".
Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take anything of value by force, threat of force, or by putting the victim in fear.
The Runnymede Trust is a race equality think tank founded in 1968 by Jim Rose and Anthony Lester, with aim of acting as an independent race equality think tank by generating intelligence for a multi-ethnic Britain through research, network building, leading debate and policy engagement.
Russian organized crime or Russian mafia, sometimes referred to as Bratva ("brotherhood"), is a collective of various organized crime elements originating in the former Soviet Union.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
Sacra Corona Unita (SCU, Italian for "United Sacred Crown") is a Mafia-type criminal organization from the Apulia region in Southern Italy, and is especially active in the areas of Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto.
San Clemente is a city in Orange County, California, United States.
A group of vigilantes calling themselves "Muslim patrols" patrolled the streets in East London from 2013 to 2014.
The Shower Posse is a Jamaican gang which is involved with drug and arms smuggling.
The Sicilian Mafia, also known as simply the Mafia and frequently referred to by members as Cosa Nostra (this thing of ours), is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy.
Snakeheads are Chinese gangs that smuggle people to other countries.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Stalking is unwanted or repeated surveillance by an individual or group towards another person.
Sureños (Spanish: Southerners), Sur 13 or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities.
A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment.
A taunt is a battle cry, sarcastic remark, gesture, or insult intended to demoralize the recipient, or to anger them and encourage reactionary behaviors without thinking.
In ethology, territory is the sociographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics (or, occasionally, animals of other species).
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
The Texas Syndicate (Syndicato Tejano) is a mostly Texas-based prison gang that includes Hispanic and, at one time, White (non-Hispanic) members.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The 2011 World Development Report: Conflict, Security and Development (WDR) is a document by the World Bank on the challenges organised violence poses to the advancement of less developed countries.
In common usage, theft is the taking of another person's property or services without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.
Thuggee or tuggee (ठग्गी ṭhaggī; ٹھگ; Nepali: ठग्गी ṭhaggī; italic; ठक; ଠକ thaka; ٺوڳي، ٺڳ; ಠಕ್ಕ thakka; ঠগি ṭhogī) refers to the acts of Thugs, an organised gang of professional robbers and murderers.
The Tiny Rascal Gang, also known as TRG or Rascals for short, is a gang based in California.
A triad is one of many branches of Chinese transnational organized crime syndicates based in China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and in countries with significant Chinese populations, such as the United States, Canada, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Spain, South Africa, Australia, Brazil and New Zealand.
The Trinitarios or 3ni are a violent New York-based multinational organization composed of Dominican Americans.
Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
The University of Minnesota Press is a university press that is part of the University of Minnesota.
Validation is a legal process in the United States where criminal justice authorities (prison officials, parole officers, police officers, or prosecutors) designate that a person is a member of a gang.
Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation," although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.
In international relations violent non-state actors (VNSA) (also known as non-state armed actors or non-state armed groups) are individuals and groups which are wholly or partly independent of state governments and which threaten or use violence to achieve their goals.
The National Prohibition Act, known informally as the Volstead Act, was enacted to carry out the intent of the 18th Amendment (ratified January 1919), which established prohibition in the United States.
Wah Ching is a Chinese American Triad Society (secret society) and street gang also known as "Dub C" originating in San Francisco, California during the early 1960s.
In the United States, the War on Gangs is a national movement to reduce gang-related activity, gang violence, and gang drug involvement on the local, state, and federal level.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
, also known as, are members of transnational organized crime syndicates originating in Japan.
Yardie (or Yaadi) is a term often used, particularly within the Caribbean expatriate and Jamaican diaspora community, to refer to persons of Jamaican origin, though its exact meaning changes depending on context.
Zoe Pound is a criminal street gang based in Miami, Florida founded by Haitian immigrants in the Mid 1990s.
18th Street, also known as Calle 18, Barrio 18, Mara 18, or simply La 18 in Central America, is a multi-ethnic (largely Central American and Mexican) transnational criminal organization that started as a street gang in Los Angeles.
Crime gang, Criminal underclass, El Gangster, Gang (group), Gang Violence, Gang activities, Gang activity, Gang crime, Gang culture, Gang enforcement, Gang leader, Gang member, Gang shootings, Gang violence, Gang warfare, Gangmembers, Gangs, Gangsterism, Ganxta, Girl gang, Girl gangs, Moobster, Street gang, Street gangs, The Gang, Troublesome youth group, Violent gang, Youth Gangs, Youth gang, Youth gangs.