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Index Gardening

Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture. [1]

238 relations: Acacia, Acanthus (plant), Agriculture, Agroforestry, Air conditioning, Alcea, Allotment (gardening), Altar, Amusement park, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Animal, Anne Scott-James, Ant, Aphid, Appropriate technology, Aquarium, Aquascaping, Arboretum, Arecaceae, Assyria, Asteraceae, Atrium (architecture), Balcony, Basket, Beech, Bench (furniture), Berberis, Bird, Black Death, Bog, Bonsai, Botanical garden, Boulevard, Buxus, By-law, Calendula, Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Canadians, Capability Brown, Capitalism, Carbon sequestration, Cat, Centaurea cyanus, Chinese garden, Civilization, Claude Lorrain, Clay, Collective farming, Combine harvester, ..., Community gardening, Companion planting, Compost, Conservatory (greenhouse), Container garden, Cosmetics, Cottage garden, Crataegus, Crocus, Crop rotation, Cultigen, Cupressus, Cyclamen, Date palm, Desert greening, Dianthus barbatus, Dorling Kindersley, Dryland farming, Dye, Ecology, Economies of scale, Egyptian water lily, England, Europe, Fergus, Ontario, Fertilizer, Ficus, Floristry, Flower, Flower box, Folly, Food security, Forest gardening, Forestry, Forsythia, Fountain, Freedom of speech, French formal garden, Fruit, Fruit tree, Fungus, Garden, Garden centre, Garden design, Garden designer, Garden hotels, Garden sharing, Genetically modified crops, Geoff Lawton, Greenhouse, Groundskeeping, Growbag, Habitat, Hanging basket, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Helianthus, Herb, Herbaceous plant, Hoe (tool), Hoe-farming, Holly, Honey bee, Horticulture, Houseplant, Hygiene, Ikebana, Impact gardening, Index of gardening articles, Insect, Intensive farming, Introduced species, Iris (plant), Irrigation, Islamic garden, John Wiley & Sons, Kolkhoz, Ladder, Land ethic, Land use, Landscape architect, Landscape maintenance, Landscaping, Lantern, Lavandula, Lawn, Leaf, Leaf vegetable, Leisure, Leyland cypress, Lichen, List of horticulture and gardening books/publications, List of professional gardeners, List of root vegetables, Loanword, Market garden, Master gardener program, Medicinal plants, Medicine, Middle Ages, Monastery, Monk, Monocropping, Monsoon, Monty Don, Mosaic, Native plant, Natural landscaping, Neonicotinoid, Nerium, New Kingdom of Egypt, Nicolas Poussin, No-dig gardening, Oil lamp, Orchard, Organic farming, Organic horticulture, Ornamental Gardens, Ottawa, Ornamental plant, Palace of Versailles, Patio, Pavilion, Pavilion Books, Peasant, Peltigera, Pergola, Permaculture, Pesticide, Plant, Precision agriculture, Prehistory, Primula vulgaris, Privet, Public capital, Raised-bed gardening, Recreation, Rock garden, Roof garden, Rose, Rosemary, Samurai, Seclusion, Seed, Sepp Holzer, Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Shropshire, Shrub, Slow Food, Slug, Snail, Soviet Union, Spade, Spider mite, Stained glass, Stainless steel, Stowe, Buckinghamshire, Subsistence agriculture, Swale (landform), Symmetry, Taxus, The Quarto Group, Thuja occidentalis, Toby Hemenway, Topiary, Tourism, Tragedy of the commons, Tree, Trellis (architecture), Tropaeolum speciosum, Tropical garden, Tsuga, Tulip, University of Arizona, Urban planning, Urn, Vivarium, Water garden, Watering can, Weed, Weed control, Wildlife garden, Willow, Winter garden, Xeriscaping, Yale University Press, Yard (land), Yeoman, Zen, Zoo. Expand index (188 more) »


Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.

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Acanthus (plant)

Acanthus is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to tropical and warm temperate regions, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean Basin and Asia.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland.

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Air conditioning

Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.

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Alcea is a genus of about 60 species of flowering plants in the mallow family Malvaceae, commonly known as the hollyhocks.

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Allotment (gardening)

An allotment garden (British English), often called simply an allotment, or a community garden (North America) is a plot of land made available for individual, non-commercial gardening or growing food plants.

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An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.

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Amusement park

An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.

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Anne Scott-James

Anne Eleanor Scott-James, Lady Lancaster (5 April 1913 – 13 May 2009) was an English journalist and author.

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Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.

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Aphids are small sap-sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoidea.

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Appropriate technology

Appropriate technology is a movement (and its manifestations) encompassing technological choice and application that is small-scale, decentralized, labor-intensive, energy-efficient, environmentally sound, and locally autonomous.

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An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.

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Aquascaping is the craft of arranging aquatic plants, as well as rocks, stones, cavework, or driftwood, in an aesthetically pleasing manner within an aquarium—in effect, gardening under water.

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An arboretum (plural: arboreta) in a general sense is a botanical collection composed exclusively of trees.

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The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial trees, climbers, shrubs, and acaules commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).

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Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.

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Asteraceae or Compositae (commonly referred to as the aster, daisy, composite,Great Basin Wildflowers, Laird R. Blackwell, 2006, p. 275 or sunflower family) is a very large and widespread family of flowering plants (Angiospermae).

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Atrium (architecture)

In architecture, an atrium (plural: atria or atriums) is a large open air or skylight covered space surrounded by a building.

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A balcony (from balcone, scaffold; cf. Old High German balcho, beam, balk; probably cognate with Persian term بالكانه bālkāneh or its older variant پالكانه pālkāneh) is a platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade, usually above the ground floor.

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A basket is a container which is traditionally constructed from stiff fibers, which can be made from a range of materials, including wood splints, runners, and cane.

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Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America.

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Bench (furniture)

A bench is a long seat on which multiple people may sit at the same time.

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Berberis, commonly known as barberry, is a large genus of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from tall, found throughout temperate and subtropical regions of the world (apart from Australia).

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Black Death

The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.

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A bog is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss.

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(tray planting) is a Japanese art form using cultivation techniques to produce small trees in containers that mimic the shape and scale of full size trees.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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A boulevard (French, from Bolwerk – bulwark, meaning bastion), often abbreviated Blvd, is a type of large road, usually running through a city.

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Buxus is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae.

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A by-law (bylaw) is a rule or law established by an organization or community to regulate itself, as allowed or provided for by some higher authority.

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Calendula, is a genus of about 15–20 species Flora of China.

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Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (La Charte canadienne des droits et libertés), in Canada often simply the Charter, is a bill of rights entrenched in the Constitution of Canada.

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Canadians (Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada.

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Capability Brown

Lancelot Brown (born c. 1715–16, baptised 30 August 1716 – 6 February 1783), more commonly known with the byname Capability Brown, was an English landscape architect.

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Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.

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Carbon sequestration

Carbon sequestration is the process involved in carbon capture and the long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to mitigate or defer global warming.

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The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

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Centaurea cyanus

Centaurea cyanus, commonly known as cornflower or bachelor's button, is an annual flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to Europe.

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Chinese garden

The Chinese garden is a landscape garden style which has evolved over three thousand years.

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A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.

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Claude Lorrain

Claude Lorrain (born Claude Gellée, called le Lorrain in French; traditionally just Claude in English; c. 1600 – 23 November 1682) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era.

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Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.

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Collective farming

Collective farming and communal farming are various types of "agricultural production in which multiple farmers run their holdings as a joint enterprise." That type of collective is often an agricultural cooperative in which member-owners jointly engage in farming activities.

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Combine harvester

The modern combine harvester, or simply combine, is a versatile machine designed to efficiently harvest a variety of grain crops.

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Community gardening

A community garden is a single piece of land gardened collectively by a group of people.

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Companion planting

Companion planting in gardening and agriculture is the planting of different crops in proximity for any of a number of different reasons, including pest control, pollination, providing habitat for beneficial creatures, maximizing use of space, and to otherwise increase crop productivity.

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Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.

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Conservatory (greenhouse)

A conservatory is a building or room having glass or tarpaulin roofing and walls used as a greenhouse or a sunroom.

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Container garden

Container gardening or pot gardening is the practice of growing plants, including edible plants, exclusively in containers instead of planting them in the ground.

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Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.

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Cottage garden

The cottage garden is a distinct style that uses informal design, traditional materials, dense plantings, and a mixture of ornamental and edible plants.

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Crataegus (from the Greek kratos "strength" and akis "sharp", referring to the thorns of some species) commonly called hawthorn, thornapple,Voss, E. G. 1985.

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Crocus (English plural: crocuses or croci) is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms.

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Crop rotation

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons.

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A cultigen (from the Latin cultus – cultivated, and gens – kind) is a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans; it is the result of artificial selection.

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The genus Cupressus is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress.

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Cyclamen is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae.

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Date palm

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.

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Desert greening

Desert greening is the process of man-made reclamation of deserts for ecological reasons (biodiversity), farming and forestry, but also for reclamation of natural water systems and other ecological systems that support life.

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Dianthus barbatus

Dianthus barbatus (Sweet William) is a species of Dianthus native to southern Europe and parts of Asia which has become a popular ornamental garden plant.

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Dorling Kindersley

Dorling Kindersley (DK) is a British multinational publishing company specializing in illustrated reference books for adults and children in 62 languages.

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Dryland farming

Dryland farming and dry farming are agricultural techniques for non-irrigated cultivation of crops.

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A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.

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Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

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Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.

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Egyptian water lily

Egyptian water lily or Egyptian lotus may refer to.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Fergus, Ontario

Fergus is the largest community in Centre Wellington, a township within Wellington County in Ontario, Canada.

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A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.

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Ficus is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.

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Floristry is the production, commerce and trade in flowers.

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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Flower box

A flower box is a type of container in the form of a planter or box that is usually placed outdoors and used for displaying live plants and flowers, but it may also be used for growing herbs or other edible plants.

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In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but suggesting through its appearance some other purpose, or of such extravagant appearance that it transcends the range of garden ornaments usually associated with the class of buildings to which it belongs.

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Food security

Food security is a condition related to the availability of food supply, group of people such as (ethnicities, racial, cultural and religious groups) as well as individuals' access to it.

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Forest gardening

Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans.

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Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.

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Forsythia is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family Oleaceae.

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A fountain (from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.

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Freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or a community to articulate their opinions and ideas without fear of retaliation, censorship, or sanction.

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French formal garden

The French formal garden, also called the jardin à la française (literally, "garden in the French manner" in French), is a style of garden based on symmetry and the principle of imposing order on nature.

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Fruit tree

A fruit tree is a tree which bears fruit that is consumed or used by humans and some animals — all trees that are flowering plants produce fruit, which are the ripened ovaries of flowers containing one or more seeds.

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A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.

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Garden centre

A garden centre is a retail operation that sells plants and related products for the domestic garden as its primary business.

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Garden design

Garden design is the art and process of designing and creating plans for layout and planting of gardens and landscapes.

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Garden designer

A garden designer is someone who designs the plan and features of gardens, either as an amateur or professional.

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Garden hotels

Many hotels converted from large private residences have gardens designed by famous garden designers or are particularly notable for their gardens.

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Garden sharing

Garden sharing or urban horticulture sharing is a local food and urban farming arrangement where a landowner allows a gardener access to land, typically a front or back yard, in order to grow food.

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Genetically modified crops

Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods.

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Geoff Lawton

Geoff Lawton (10 December 1954) is a permaculture consultant, designer, teacher and speaker.

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A greenhouse (also called a glasshouse) is a structure with walls and roof made mainly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.

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Groundskeeping is the activity of tending an area of land for aesthetic or functional purposes; typically in an institutional setting.

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A growbag is a large plastic bag filled with a growing medium and used for growing plants, usually tomatoes or other salad crops.

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In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Hanging basket

A hanging basket is a suspended container used for growing decorative plants.

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Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as listed by Hellenic culture, described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks, and said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq.

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Helianthus or sunflower is a genus of plants comprising about 70 species Flora of North America.

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In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.

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Herbaceous plant

Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.

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Hoe (tool)

A hoe is an ancient and versatile agricultural and horticultural hand tool used to shape soil, remove weeds, clear soil, and harvest root crops.

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Hoe-farming is a term introuduced (as Hackbau) by Eduard Hahn in 1910 to collectively refer to primitive forms of agriculture, defined by the absence of the plough.

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Ilex, or holly, is a genus of 400 to 600 species of flowering plants in the family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living genus in that family.

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Honey bee

A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.

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Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).

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A houseplant is a plant that is grown indoors in places such as residences and offices.

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Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.

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is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.

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Impact gardening

Impact gardening is the process by which impact events stir the outermost crusts of moons and other celestial objects with no atmospheres.

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Index of gardening articles

This is a list of gardening topics.

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Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Intensive farming

Intensive farming involves various types of agriculture with higher levels of input and output per cubic unit of agricultural land area.

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Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

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Iris (plant)

Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers.

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Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.

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Islamic garden

Traditionally, an Islamic garden is a cool place of rest and reflection, and a reminder of paradise.

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John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

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A kolkhoz (p) was a form of collective farm in the Soviet Union.

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A ladder is a vertical or inclined set of rungs or steps.

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Land ethic

A land ethic is a philosophy or theoretical framework about how, ethically, humans should regard the land.

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Land use

Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.

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Landscape architect

A landscape architect is a person who is educated in the field of landscape architecture.

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Landscape maintenance

Landscape maintenance (or groundskeeping) is the art and vocation of keeping a landscape healthy, clean, safe and attractive, typically in a garden, yard, park, institutional setting or estate.

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Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including.

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Today, English-speakers use the term lantern to describe many types of portable lighting, but lanterns originated as a protective enclosure for a light source—usually a candle or a wick in oil—to make it easier to carry and hang up, and more reliable outdoors or in drafty interiors.

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Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.

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A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes.

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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Leaf vegetable

Leaf vegetables, also called leafy greens, salad greens, pot herbs, vegetable greens, or simply greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots.

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Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is time spent away from business, work, job hunting, domestic chores, and education, as well as necessary activities such as eating and sleeping.

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Leyland cypress

The Leyland cypress, Cupressus × leylandii, often referred to simply as leylandii, is a fast-growing coniferous evergreen tree much used in horticulture, primarily for hedges and screens.

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A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.

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List of horticulture and gardening books/publications

This list of horticulture and gardening books includes notable gardening books and journals, which can to aid in research and for residential gardeners in planning, planting, harvesting, and maintaining gardens.

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List of professional gardeners

This is a list of people noted for their contribution to gardening, either by working as gardeners or garden designers by occupation, or by commissioning famous gardens.

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List of root vegetables

Root vegetables are plant roots and tubers eaten by humans as food.

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A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.

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Market garden

A market garden is the relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants.

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Master gardener program

Master Gardener programs (also known as Extension Master Gardener Programs) are volunteer programs that train individuals in the science and art of gardening.

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Medicinal plants

Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times.

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Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

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A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.

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Monocropping is the agricultural practice of growing a single crop year after year on the same land, in the absence of rotation through other crops or growing multiple crops on the same land (polyculture).

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Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Monty Don

Montagu Denis Wyatt "Monty" Don OBE (born 8 July 1955) is an English television presenter, writer and speaker on horticulture, best known for presenting the BBC television series Gardeners' World.

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A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.

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Native plant

Native plants are plants indigenous to a given area in geologic time.

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Natural landscaping

Natural landscaping, also called native gardening, is the use of native plants, including trees, shrubs, groundcover, and grasses which are indigenous to the geographic area of the garden.

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Neonicotinoids (sometimes shortened to neonics) are a class of neuro-active insecticides chemically similar to nicotine.

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Nerium oleander is a shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts.

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New Kingdom of Egypt

The New Kingdom, also referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties of Egypt.

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Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin (June 1594 – 19 November 1665) was the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome.

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No-dig gardening

No-dig gardening is a non-cultivation method used by some organic gardeners.

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Oil lamp

An oil lamp is an object used to produce light continuously for a period of time using an oil-based fuel source.

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An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production.

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Organic farming

Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.

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Organic horticulture

Organic horticulture is the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants by following the essential principles of organic agriculture in soil building and conservation, pest management, and heirloom variety preservation.

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Ornamental Gardens, Ottawa

The Ornamental Gardens are located at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa, Ontario Canada.

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Ornamental plant

Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.

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Palace of Versailles

The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.

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A patio (from patio; "courtyard", "forecourt", "yard") is an outdoor space generally used for dining or recreation that adjoins a residence and is typically paved.

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In architecture, a pavilion (from French pavillon, from Latin papilio) has several meanings.

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Pavilion Books

Pavilion Books Holdings Ltd is an English publishing company based in London.

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A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.

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Peltigera is a genus of approximately 91 species of foliose lichens in the family Peltigeraceae.

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A pergola is a garden feature forming a shaded walkway, passageway, or sitting area of vertical posts or pillars that usually support cross-beams and a sturdy open lattice, often upon which woody vines are trained.

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Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered around simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems.

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Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.

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Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

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Precision agriculture

Precision agriculture (PA), satellite farming or site specific crop management (SSCM) is a farming management concept based on observing, measuring and responding to inter and intra-field variability in crops.

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Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.

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Primula vulgaris

Primula vulgaris, the common primrose is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to western and southern Europe (from the Faroe Islands and Norway south to Portugal, and east to Germany, Ukraine, the Crimea, and the Balkans), northwest Africa (Algeria), and southwest Asia (Turkey east to Iran).

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A privet is a flowering plant in the genus Ligustrum.

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Public capital

Public capital is the aggregate body of government-owned assets that are used as a means for productivity.

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Raised-bed gardening

Raised-bed gardening is a form of gardening in which the soil is formed in three-to-four-foot-wide (1.0–1.2 m) beds, which can be of any length or shape.

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Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.

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Rock garden

A rock garden, also known as a rockery or an alpine garden, is a small field or plot of ground designed to feature and emphasize a variety of rocks, stones, and boulders.

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Roof garden

A roof garden is a garden on the roof of a building.

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A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

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Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region.

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were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.

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Seclusion is the act of secluding, i.e. shutting out or keeping apart from society, or the state of being secluded, or a place that facilitates it (a secluded place).

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A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

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Sepp Holzer

A rainwater harvesting landscape designed by Holzer in Tamera, Portugal Josef "Sepp" Holzer (born July 24, 1942 in Ramingstein, State of Salzburg, Austria) is a farmer, an author, and an international consultant for natural agriculture.

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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

The Seven Wonders of the World or the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is a list of remarkable constructions of classical antiquity given by various authors in guidebooks or poems popular among ancient Hellenic tourists.

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Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.

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A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant.

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Slow Food

Slow Food is an organization that promotes local food and traditional cooking.

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Slug, or land slug, is a common name for any apparently shell-less terrestrial gastropod mollusc.

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Snail is a common name loosely applied to shelled gastropods.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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A spade is a tool primarily for digging, comprising a blade – typically narrower and less curved than that of a shovel – and a long handle.

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Spider mite

Spider mites are members of the Acari (mite) family Tetranychidae, which includes about 1,200 species.

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Stained glass

The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.

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Stainless steel

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.

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Stowe, Buckinghamshire

Stowe is a civil parish and former village about northwest of Buckingham in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England.

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Subsistence agriculture

Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.

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Swale (landform)

A swale is a low tract of land, especially one that is moist or marshy.

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Symmetry (from Greek συμμετρία symmetria "agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement") in everyday language refers to a sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance.

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Taxus is a small genus of coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family Taxaceae.

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The Quarto Group

The Quarto Group is a global illustrated book publishing group founded in 1976.

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Thuja occidentalis

Thuja occidentalis, also known as northern white-cedar or eastern arborvitae, is an evergreen coniferous tree, in the cypress family Cupressaceae, which is native to eastern Canada and much of the north, central and upper Northeastern United States, but widely cultivated as an ornamental plant.

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Toby Hemenway

Toby Hemenway (April 23, 1952 – December 20, 2016) was an American author and educator who wrote extensively on permaculture and ecological issues.

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Topiary is the horticultural practice of training perennial plants by clipping the foliage and twigs of trees, shrubs and subshrubs to develop and maintain clearly defined shapes, whether geometric or fanciful.

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Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Tragedy of the commons

The tragedy of the commons is a term used in social science to describe a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.

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In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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Trellis (architecture)

A trellis (treillage) is an architectural structure, usually made from an open framework or lattice of interwoven or intersecting pieces of wood, bamboo or metal that is normally made to support and display climbing plants, especially shrubs.

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Tropaeolum speciosum

Tropaeolum speciosum (common names flame flower and flame nasturtium) is a species of flowering plant in the family Tropaeolaceae native to Chile, where it is known locally as coralito, quintralito, or voqui.

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Tropical garden

A tropical garden features tropical plants and requires good rainfall or a decent irrigation or sprinkler system for watering.

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Tsuga (from 栂 (ツガ), the name of Tsuga sieboldii) is a genus of conifers in the subfamily Abietoideae.

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Tulips (Tulipa) form a genus of spring-blooming perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes (having bulbs as storage organs).

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University of Arizona

The University of Arizona (also referred to as U of A, UA, or Arizona) is a public research university in Tucson, Arizona.

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Urban planning

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.

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An urn is a vase, often with a cover, that usually has a somewhat narrowed neck above a rounded body and a footed pedestal.

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A vivarium (Latin, literally for "place of life"; plural: vivaria or vivariums) is an area, usually enclosed, for keeping and raising animals or plants for observation or research.

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Water garden

Water gardens, also known as aquatic gardens, are a type of water feature.

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Watering can

A watering can (or watering pot) is a portable container, usually with a handle and a spout, used to water plants by hand.

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A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place".

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Weed control

Weed control is the botanical component of pest control, which attempts to stop weeds, especially noxious or injurious weeds, from competing with desired flora and fauna, this includes domesticated plants and livestock, and in natural settings, it includes stopping non local species competing with native, local, species, especially so in reserves and heritage areas.

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Wildlife garden

A wildlife garden (or wild garden) is an environment created by a gardener that serves as a sustainable haven for surrounding wildlife.

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Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.

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Winter garden

A winter garden is a kind of garden maintained in wintertime.

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Xeriscaping is landscaping and gardening that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation.

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Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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Yard (land)

A yard is an area of land immediately adjacent to a building or a group of buildings.

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A yeoman was a member of a social class in late medieval to early modern England.

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Zen (p; translit) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism.

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A zoo (short for zoological garden or zoological park and also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardening

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