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Gas turbine

Index Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine. [1]

302 relations: ABB Group, Absorption refrigerator, Aeolipile, Afterburner, Air-start system, Airbus A400M Atlas, Aircraft, Alan Arnold Griffith, Allison T56, AMC Hornet, American Motors Corporation, AMX Leclerc, Andy Granatelli, ASME, Automatic transmission, Auxiliary power unit, Avonmouth, Axial compressor, Ægidius Elling, Balancing machine, Bevel gear, Beznau Nuclear Power Plant, Bladon Jets, BMW 003, BMW 801, Boeing, Boeing 929, Boeing T50, Bombardier Dash 8, Bombardier Transportation, Boundary layer, Brave-class patrol boat, Brayton cycle, Brescia, Bristol Proteus, Bristol Siddeley, British Racing Motors, British Thomson-Houston, Brown, Boveri & Cie, C. A. Parsons and Company, Cambridge, Capstone Turbine, Car, Celebrity Millennium, Centrifugal compressor, Cessna 208 Caravan, Charles Algernon Parsons, Charles Gordon Curtis, Chrysler, Chrysler Turbine Car, ..., Chrysler turbine engines, Clean Air Act (United States), Closed-cycle gas turbine, Coal dust, Cogeneration, Colin Chapman, Combined cycle, Combined diesel and gas, Combined diesel-electric and gas, Combined gas and gas, Combined steam and gas, Combustor, Compression ratio, Compressor, Computational fluid dynamics, Concept car, Conqueror (tank), Continental Motors Company, Continuously variable transmission, Corvette, Creep (deformation), Cruise ship, Cruiser, Curaçao, Deadweight tonnage, Diesel engine, Diesel fuel, Distributed generation, Ducted fan, EcoJet concept car, Electric generator, Elizabeth II, Embraer EMB 312 Tucano, Energy, Engine efficiency, Environmental Performance Vehicles, Evaporation, Exhaust gas, Fatigue (material), Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, Ferdinand Verbiest, Fiat Automobiles, Fiat Turbina, Finite element method, Finnish Navy, Fluid bearing, Foil bearing, Ford Motor Company, Formula One, Frank Whittle, Free-piston engine, Frigate, Fuel oil, Garrett AiResearch, Gas turbine locomotive, Gas turbine modular helium reactor, Gasoline, General Electric, General Electric LM2500, General Electric LM6000, General Motors, General Motors Firebird, General Motors Motorama, German Army (Wehrmacht), German Navy, Giovanni Branca, Graham Hill, Grain boundary strengthening, Green Monster (automobile), GT 101, GTS Finnjet, Hans von Ohain, Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Hayne Constant, Hebburn, Heinkel HeS 1, Helicopter, Helium, Henry Tizard, Hero of Alexandria, High endurance cutter, High-speed Sea Service, Horseless carriage, Hot air engine, Howmet TX, Hybrid electric vehicle, Hybrid vehicle, Hybrid vehicle drivetrain, Hydrofoil, Indianapolis 500, Intermodal container, Internal combustion engine, Isentropic process, Isobaric process, Jaguar C-X75, Jaguar Cars, Jay Leno, Jean-Albert Grégoire, Jet engine, Jet propulsion, JetTrain, John Barber (engineer), Junkers Jumo 004, Junkers Jumo 213, Kerosene, Kongsberg Gruppen, Kurt Schreckling, Leonardo da Vinci, Liberty ship, Liquid rocket propellant, List of aviation pioneers, Load following power plant, Locomotive, Lotus 56, Lynn, Massachusetts, M1 Abrams, Marine diesel oil, Maurice Wilks, Messerschmitt Me 262, Metal lathe, Metropolitan-Vickers, Metropolitan-Vickers F.2, Microstructure, Microturbine, Miss GEICO, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Motor Gun Boat, MTT Turbine Superbike, Museum ship, National Gas Turbine Establishment, National Institute of Building Sciences, Naturally aspirated engine, Naval ship, Newton (unit), Nikola Tesla, Non-Intrusive Stress Measurement System, Norway, OPEC, Open system (systems theory), Open-wheel car, Oslo, Panther tank, Paris Motor Show, Parnelli Jones, Patrol boat, Peaking power plant, Plain bearing, Plymouth (automobile), Pneumatic motor, Port Arthur, Texas, Power Jets, Power-to-weight ratio, Powertrain, Pratt & Whitney, Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6, Pump-jet, Raúl Pateras Pescara, Recuperator, Redox, Refractory, Refrigerator, Rhenium, Richie Ginther, RMS Queen Mary 2, Roasting jack, Rolling-element bearing, Rolls-Royce Avon, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Rolls-Royce Olympus, Rolls-Royce RB211, Rotterdam, Rover Company, Rover JET1, Rover-BRM, Royal Danish Navy, Royal Dutch Shell, Royal Navy, Rugby, Warwickshire, Ruthenium, Sanford Alexander Moss, Science Museum, London, Seatrain Lines, Semi-trailer truck, Shell and tube heat exchanger, Ship, Single crystal, Song dynasty, Specific volume, Stamp mill, Steam Gun Boat, Steam turbine, Stena Line, STP-Paxton Turbocar, Stridsvagn 103, Superalloy, Supercapacitor, Supercar, Supercritical carbon dioxide, Swedish Navy, Switch, T-72, T-80, T-90, Tank, Team Lotus, Tesla turbine, Thermal barrier coating, Thermal efficiency, Thermodynamics, Thrust, Thrust bearing, Torque converter, Toyota, Toyota concept vehicles, 1970–79, Toyota concept vehicles, 1980–89, Tribal-class frigate, Tupolev Tu-95, Turbine, Turbine engine failure, Turbine inlet air cooling, Turbinia, Turbo-compound engine, Turbocharger, Turbofan, Turbojet, Turbojet development at the RAE, Turboprop, Turbopump, Turboshaft, Turku, United States Coast Guard, United States Maritime Commission, United States Navy, Variable-geometry turbocharger, Variable-pitch propeller, Volvo, Volvo ECC, Waffenamt, Waste heat, Wastegate, Watt, Wärtsilä, Whole Building Design Guide, Williams International, Wind turbine, Working fluid, Yield strength anomaly, Zirconium dioxide, 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans, 1968 24 Hours of Le Mans, 2010 Paris Motor Show, 3D printing. 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ABB Group

ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a Swedish-Swiss multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipments, and automation technology areas.

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Absorption refrigerator

An absorption refrigerator is a refrigerator that uses a heat source (e.g., solar energy, a fossil-fueled flame, waste heat from factories, or district heating systems) to provide the energy needed to drive the cooling process.

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An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero's engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated.

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An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.

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Air-start system

An air-start system is a power source used to provide the initial rotation to start large diesel and gas turbine engines.

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Airbus A400M Atlas

The Airbus A400M Atlas Airbus Military, 6 July 2012.

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An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

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Alan Arnold Griffith

Alan Arnold Griffith (13 June 1893 – 13 October 1963) was the son of Victorian science fiction author George Griffith and an English engineer.

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Allison T56

The Allison T56 is a single-shaft, modular design military turboprop with a 14-stage axial flow compressor driven by a four-stage turbine.

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AMC Hornet

The AMC Hornet is a compact automobile, manufactured and marketed by American Motors Corporation (AMC) in a single generation from model years 1970 through 1977 — in sedan, wagon and hatchback coupe configurations.

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American Motors Corporation

American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.

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AMX Leclerc

The Char Leclerc is a main battle tank (MBT) built by GIAT, now Nexter of France.

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Andy Granatelli

Anthony "Andy" Granatelli (March 18, 1923 – December 29, 2013) was an American businessman, most prominent as the CEO of STP as well as a major figure in automobile racing events.

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The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization.

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Automatic transmission

An automatic transmission, also called auto, self-shifting transmission, n-speed automatic (where n is its number of forward gear ratios), or AT, is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually.

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Auxiliary power unit

An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.

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Avonmouth is a port and outer suburb of Bristol, England facing two rivers: the reinforced north bank of the final stage of the Avon which rises at sources in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Somerset; and the eastern shore of the Severn Estuary.

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Axial compressor

An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.

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Ægidius Elling

Jens William Ægidius Elling (also Aegidus or Aegidius) (26 July 1861 – 27 May 1949) was a Norwegian researcher, inventor and pioneer of gas turbine who is considered to be the father of the gas turbine.

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Balancing machine

A balancing machine is a measuring tool used for balancing rotating machine parts such as rotors for electric motors, fans, turbines, disc brakes, disc drives, propellers and pumps.

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Bevel gear

Bevel gears are gears where the axes of the two shafts intersect and the tooth-bearing faces of the gears themselves are conically shaped.

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Beznau Nuclear Power Plant

The Beznau nuclear power plant (Kernkraftwerk Beznau) is a nuclear power plant of the Swiss energy utility Axpo, located in the municipality Döttingen, Canton of Aargau, Switzerland, on an artificial island in the Aar river.

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Bladon Jets

Bladon Jets is a British company developing micro gas turbines – small, light and clean-burning jet engines.

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BMW 003

The BMW 003 (full RLM designation BMW 109-003) was an early axial compressor turbojet engine produced by BMW AG in Germany during World War II.

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BMW 801

The BMW 801 was a powerful German air-cooled 14-cylinder-radial aircraft engine built by BMW and used in a number of German Luftwaffe aircraft of World War II.

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The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.

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Boeing 929

The Boeing 929 Jetfoil is the name for a passenger-carrying waterjet-propelled hydrofoil design by Boeing.

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Boeing T50

The Boeing T50 (company designation Model 502) was a small turboshaft engine produced by Boeing.

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Bombardier Dash 8

The Bombardier Dash 8 or Q-Series, previously known as the de Havilland Canada Dash 8 or DHC-8, is a series of twin-engine, medium-range, turboprop airliners.

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Bombardier Transportation

Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.

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Boundary layer

In physics and fluid mechanics, a boundary layer is an important concept and refers to the layer of fluid in the immediate vicinity of a bounding surface where the effects of viscosity are significant.

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Brave-class patrol boat

The Brave-class fast patrol boats were a class of two gas turbine motor torpedo boats (MTBs) that were the last of their type for the Royal Navy (RN) Coastal Forces division.

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Brayton cycle

The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle named after George Brayton who describes the workings of a constant-pressure heat engine.

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Brescia (Lombard: Brèsa,, or; Brixia; Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy.

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Bristol Proteus

The Bristol Proteus was the Bristol Aeroplane Company's first mass-produced gas turbine engine design, a turboprop that delivered just over 4,000 hp (3,000 kW).

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Bristol Siddeley

Bristol Siddeley Engines Ltd (BSEL) was a British aero engine manufacturer.

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British Racing Motors

British Racing Motors (BRM) was a British Formula One motor racing team.

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British Thomson-Houston

British Thomson-Houston (BTH) was a British engineering and heavy industrial company, based at Rugby, Warwickshire, England and founded as a subsidiary of the General Electric Company (GE) of Schenectady, New York, USA.

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Brown, Boveri & Cie

Brown, Boveri (BBC) was a Swiss group of electrical engineering companies.

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C. A. Parsons and Company


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Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.

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Capstone Turbine

Capstone Turbine Corporation, incorporated in 1988, is a California based gas turbine manufacturer that specializes in microturbine power along with heating and cooling cogeneration systems.

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A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Celebrity Millennium

GTS Millennium is the flagship of the Millennium-class cruise ships, operated by Celebrity Cruises line.

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Centrifugal compressor

Centrifugal compressors, sometimes termed radial compressors, are a sub-class of dynamic axisymmetric work-absorbing turbomachinery.

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Cessna 208 Caravan

The Cessna 208 Caravan is an American single-engined turboprop, fixed-tricycle landing gear, short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft that is built by Cessna.

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Charles Algernon Parsons

Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, (13 June 1854 – 11 February 1931), the son of a member of the Irish peerage,http://www.tcd.ie/Secretary/FellowsScholars/discourses/discourses/1968_Lord%20Rosse%20on%20W.%20Parsons.pdf was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the compound steam turbine, and as the namesake of C. A. Parsons and Company.

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Charles Gordon Curtis

Charles Gordon Curtis (April 20, 1860 in Boston – March 1953 in Central Islip, Suffolk County, New York) was an American engineer, inventor, and patent attorney.

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Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.

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Chrysler Turbine Car

The Chrysler Turbine Car is an automobile powered by a turbine engine which was produced by Chrysler from 1962 to 1964.

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Chrysler turbine engines

The Chrysler turbine engine is a series of gas turbine engines developed by Chrysler intended to be used in road vehicles.

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Clean Air Act (United States)

The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C.) is a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level.

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Closed-cycle gas turbine

A closed-cycle gas turbine is a turbine that uses a gas (e.g. air, nitrogen, helium, argon, etc.) for the working fluid as part of a closed thermodynamic system.

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Coal dust

Coal dust is a fine powdered form of coal, which is created by the crushing, grinding, or pulverizing of coal.

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Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.

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Colin Chapman

Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman, (19 May 1928 – 16 December 1982) was an influential English design engineer, inventor, and builder in the automotive industry, and founder of Lotus Cars.

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Combined cycle

In electric power generation a combined cycle is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy, which in turn usually drives electrical generators.

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Combined diesel and gas

Combined diesel and gas (CODAG) is a type of propulsion system for ships which need a maximum speed that is considerably faster than their cruise speed, particularly warships like modern frigates or corvettes.

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Combined diesel-electric and gas

Combined diesel-electric and gas (CODLAG) is a modification of the combined diesel and gas propulsion system for ships.

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Combined gas and gas

Combined gas turbine and gas turbine (COGAG) is a type of propulsion system for ships using two gas turbines connected to a single propeller shaft.

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Combined steam and gas

Combined steam and gas (COSAG) is a propulsion system for ships using a combination of steam turbines and gas turbines to power the shafts.

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A combustor is a component or area of a gas turbine, ramjet, or scramjet engine where combustion takes place.

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Compression ratio

The static compression ratio of an internal combustion engine or external combustion engine is a value that represents the ratio of the volume of its combustion chamber from its largest capacity to its smallest capacity.

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A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.

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Computational fluid dynamics

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and data structures to solve and analyze problems that involve fluid flows.

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Concept car

A concept car (also known for as concept vehicle, show vehicle or prototype) is a car made to showcase new styling and/or new technology.

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Conqueror (tank)

The FV 214 Conqueror, also known as "Tank, Heavy No.

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Continental Motors Company

Continental Motors Company was an American manufacturer of internal combustion engines.

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Continuously variable transmission

A continuously variable transmission (CVT), also known as a single-speed transmission, stepless transmission, pulley transmission, or, in case of motorcycles, a twist-and-go, is an automatic transmission that can change seamlessly through a continuous range of effective gear ratios.

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A corvette is a small warship.

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Creep (deformation)

In materials science, creep (sometimes called cold flow) is the tendency of a solid material to move slowly or deform permanently under the influence of mechanical stresses.

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Cruise ship

A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.

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A cruiser is a type of warship.

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Curaçao (Curaçao,; Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island in the southern Caribbean Sea and the Dutch Caribbean region, about north of the Venezuelan coast.

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Deadweight tonnage

Deadweight tonnage (also known as deadweight; abbreviated to DWT, D.W.T., d.w.t., or dwt) or tons deadweight (TDW) is a measure of how much weight a ship can carry, not its weight, empty or in any degree of load.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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Diesel fuel

Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.

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Distributed generation

Distributed generation, also distributed energy, on-site generation (OSG) or district/decentralized energy is electrical generation and storage performed by a variety of small, grid-connected devices referred to as distributed energy resources (DER).

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Ducted fan

A ducted fan is a propulsion arrangement whereby a mechanical fan, which is a type of propeller, is mounted within a cylindrical shroud or duct.

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EcoJet concept car

The EcoJet concept car is a concept car designed to run on biodiesel fuel, using a Honeywell LTS101 gas turbine instead of a reciprocating engine.

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Electric generator

In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Embraer EMB 312 Tucano

The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano is a low-wing, tandem-seat, single-turboprop, basic trainer with counter-insurgency capability developed in Brazil.

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In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

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Engine efficiency

Engine efficiency of thermal engines is the relationship between the total energy contained in the fuel, and the amount of energy used to perform useful work.

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Environmental Performance Vehicles

Environmental Performance Vehicles (EPV), previously DesignLine Corporation, is a manufacturer of coach, electric and range-extended electric (hybrid) buses founded in Ashburton, New Zealand in 1985.

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Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.

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Exhaust gas

Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.

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Fatigue (material)

In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.

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Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile

The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users.

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Ferdinand Verbiest

Father Ferdinand Verbiest (9 October 1623 – 28 January 1688) was a Flemish Jesuit missionary in China during the Qing dynasty.

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Fiat Automobiles

Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.

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Fiat Turbina

The Fiat Turbina was a gas turbine-powered concept car built by Italian car manufacturer Fiat in 1954.

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Finite element method

The finite element method (FEM), is a numerical method for solving problems of engineering and mathematical physics.

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Finnish Navy

The Finnish Navy (Merivoimat, Marinen) is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.

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Fluid bearing

Fluid bearings are bearings in which the load is supported by a thin layer of rapidly moving pressurized liquid or gas between the bearing surfaces.

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Foil bearing

Foil bearings, also known as foil-air bearings, are a type of air bearing.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Formula One

Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.

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Frank Whittle

Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle (1 June 1907 – 9 August 1996) was a British Royal Air Force air officer.

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Free-piston engine

A free-piston engine is a linear, 'crankless' internal combustion engine, in which the piston motion is not controlled by a crankshaft but determined by the interaction of forces from the combustion chamber gases, a rebound device (e.g., a piston in a closed cylinder) and a load device (e.g. a gas compressor or a linear alternator).

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A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.

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Fuel oil

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.

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Garrett AiResearch

Garrett AiResearch was a manufacturer of turboprop engines and turbochargers, and a pioneer in numerous aerospace technologies.

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Gas turbine locomotive

A gas turbine locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a gas turbine.

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Gas turbine modular helium reactor

The Gas Turbine Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR) is a nuclear fission power reactor design that was under development by a group of Russian enterprises (OKBM Afrikantov, Kurchatov Institute, VNIINM and others), an American group headed by General Atomics, French Framatome and Japanese Fuji Electric.

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Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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General Electric LM2500

The General Electric LM2500 is an industrial and marine gas turbine produced by GE Aviation.

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General Electric LM6000

The General Electric LM6000 is a turboshaft gas turbine.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.

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General Motors Firebird

The General Motors Firebird comprises a quartet of prototype cars that General Motors engineered for the 1953, 1956, and 1959 Motorama auto shows.

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General Motors Motorama

The General Motors Motorama was an auto show staged by GM from 1949 to 1961.

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German Army (Wehrmacht)

The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.

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German Navy

The German Navy (Deutsche Marine or simply Marine—) is the navy of Germany and part of the unified Bundeswehr ("Federal Defense"), the German Armed Forces.

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Giovanni Branca

Giovanni Branca (22 April 1571 – 24 January 1645) was an Italian engineer and architect, chiefly remembered today for what some commentators have taken to be an early steam turbine.

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Graham Hill

Norman Graham Hill (15 February 1929 – 29 November 1975) was a British racing driver and team owner from England, who was twice Formula One World Champion.

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Grain boundary strengthening

Grain-boundary strengthening (or Hall–Petch strengthening) is a method of strengthening materials by changing their average crystallite (grain) size.

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Green Monster (automobile)

The Green Monster was the name of several vehicles built by Art Arfons and his half brother Walt Arfons.

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GT 101

The GT 101 was a turboshaft-type gas turbine engine developed from the BMW 003 aviation engine, that was considered for installation in Nazi Germany's Panther tank.

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GTS Finnjet

GTS Finnjet was a cruiseferry, built in 1977 by Wärtsilä Helsinki Shipyard, Finland for Finnlines traffic between Finland and Germany.

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Hans von Ohain

Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain (14 December 191113 March 1998), a German physicist, was the designer of the first operational jet engine.

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Hawthorn Leslie and Company


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Hayne Constant

Hayne Constant, CB, CBE., MA., FRAeS., FRS, (26 September 1904 – 12 January 1968) was an English mechanical and aeronautical engineer who developed jet engines during World War II.

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Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead and to the south of Walker.

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Heinkel HeS 1

The Heinkel HeS 1 (HeS - Heinkel Strahltriebwerke) was Germany's first jet engine, which was a stationary test item that ran on hydrogen.

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A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.

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Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

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Henry Tizard

Sir Henry Thomas Tizard (23 August 1885 – 9 October 1959) was an English chemist, inventor and Rector of Imperial College, who developed the modern "octane rating" used to classify petrol, helped develop radar in World War II, and led the first serious studies of UFOs.

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Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria (ἭρωνGenitive: Ἥρωνος., Heron ho Alexandreus; also known as Heron of Alexandria; c. 10 AD – c. 70 AD) was a mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt.

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High endurance cutter

The designation of High endurance cutter (WHEC) was created in 1965 when the United States Coast Guard adopted its own designation system.

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High-speed Sea Service

High-speed Sea Service or Stena HSS was a class of high-speed craft developed by and originally operated by Stena Line on European international ferry routes.

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Horseless carriage

Horseless carriage is a term for early automobiles; at the time it was common that carriages were pulled by animals, typically horses, but the automobiles were not.

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Hot air engine

A hot air engine (historically called an air engine or caloric engine) is any heat engine that uses the expansion and contraction of air under the influence of a temperature change to convert thermal energy into mechanical work.

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Howmet TX

The Howmet TX (Turbine eXperimental) was an American sports prototype racing car designed in 1968 to test the competitive use of a gas turbine engine in sports car racing.

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Hybrid electric vehicle

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).

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Hybrid vehicle

A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged.

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Hybrid vehicle drivetrain

Hybrid vehicle drivetrains transmit power to the driving wheels for hybrid vehicles.

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A hydrofoil is a lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water.

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Indianapolis 500

The Indianapolis 500 is an automobile race held annually at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, United States, an enclave suburb of Indianapolis, Indiana.

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Intermodal container

An intermodal container is a large standardized shipping container, designed and built for intermodal freight transport, meaning these containers can be used across different modes of transport – from ship to rail to truck – without unloading and reloading their cargo.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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Isentropic process

In thermodynamics, an isentropic process is an idealized thermodynamic process that is both adiabatic and reversible.

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Isobaric process

An isobaric process is a thermodynamic process in which the pressure stays constant: ΔP.

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Jaguar C-X75

Jaguar C-X75 is a hybrid-electric, 2-seat, concept car produced by Jaguar Cars in partnership with Formula One team Williams F1 which debuted at the 2010 Paris Motor Show.

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Jaguar Cars

Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.

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Jay Leno

James Douglas Muir Leno (born April 28, 1950) is an American comedian, actor, writer, producer, and television host.

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Jean-Albert Grégoire

Jean-Albert Grégoire (7 July 1899 in Paris – 19 August 1992) was one of the great pioneers of the front-wheel-drive car.

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Jet engine

A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.

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Jet propulsion

Jet propulsion is thrust produced by passing a jet of matter (typically fluid) in the opposite direction to the direction of motion.

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The JetTrain was an experimental high-speed passenger train created by Bombardier Transportation in an attempt to make European-style high-speed service more financially appealing to passenger railways in North America.

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John Barber (engineer)

John Barber (1734–1793) was an English coal viewer and inventor.

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Junkers Jumo 004

The Junkers Jumo 004, was the world's first production turbojet engine in operational use, and the first successful axial compressor turbojet engine.

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Junkers Jumo 213

The Junkers Jumo 213 was a World War II-era V-12 liquid-cooled aircraft engine, a development of Junkers Motoren's earlier design, the Jumo 211.

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Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.

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Kongsberg Gruppen

Kongsberg Gruppen is an international technology group that supplies high-technology systems and solutions to customers in the merchant marine, defence, aerospace, offshore oil and gas industries, and renewable and utilities industries.

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Kurt Schreckling

Kurt Schreckling (born 1939) is a German who pioneered home-constructed turbojet engines for model aircraft.

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Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.

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Liberty ship

Liberty ships were a class of cargo ship built in the United States during World War II.

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Liquid rocket propellant

The highest specific impulse chemical rockets use liquid propellants (liquid-propellant rockets).

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List of aviation pioneers

Aviation pioneers are people directly and indirectly responsible for the advancement of flight, including people who worked to achieve manned flight before the invention of aircraft, as well as others who achieved significant "firsts" in aviation after heavier-than-air flight became routine.

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Load following power plant

A load following power plant, regarded as producing mid-merit or mid-priced electricity, is a power plant that adjusts its power output as demand for electricity fluctuates throughout the day.

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A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.

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Lotus 56

The Lotus 56 was a gas turbine-powered four-wheel driven racing car, designed by Maurice Philippe as Team Lotus' 1968 STP-backed entry in the Indianapolis 500, replacing the successful Lotus 38 and the 1967 STP-Paxton Turbocar.

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Lynn, Massachusetts

Lynn is the 9th largest municipality in Massachusetts and the largest city in Essex County.

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M1 Abrams

The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.

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Marine diesel oil

Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) is a type of fuel oil and is a blend of gasoil and heavy fuel oil, with less gasoil than intermediate fuel oil used in the maritime field.

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Maurice Wilks

Maurice Fernand Cary Wilks (1904–1963) was an automotive and aeronautical engineer, and by the time of his death in 1963, was the chairman of the Rover Company, a British car manufacturer.

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Messerschmitt Me 262

The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.

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Metal lathe

A metal lathe or metalworking lathe is a large class of lathes designed for precisely machining relatively hard materials.

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Metropolitan-Vickers, Metrovick, or Metrovicks, was a British heavy electrical engineering company of the early-to-mid 20th century formerly known as British Westinghouse.

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Metropolitan-Vickers F.2

The Metropolitan-Vickers F.2 was an early turbojet engine and the first British design to be based on an axial-flow compressor.

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Microstructure is the very small scale structure of a material, defined as the structure of a prepared surface of material as revealed by a microscope above 25× magnification.

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Microturbines are 25 to 500 kilowatt gas turbines evolved from piston engine turbochargers, aircraft APUs or small jet engines, the size of a refrigerator.

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The Miss GEICO offshore powerboat racing team was founded by John Haggin who retired from the team in 2010.

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Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Motor Gun Boat

Motor Gun Boat (MGB) was a Royal Navy term for a small military vessel of the Second World War.

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MTT Turbine Superbike

The MTT Y2K Turbine Motorcycle, also known as the Y2K Turbine Superbike, is a motorcycle powered by a turboshaft engine, made by Marine Turbine Technologies since 2000.

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Museum ship

A museum ship, also called a memorial ship, is a ship that has been preserved and converted into a museum open to the public for educational or memorial purposes.

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National Gas Turbine Establishment

The National Gas Turbine Establishment (NGTE Pyestock) in Fleet, part of the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE), was the prime site in the UK for design and development of gas turbine and jet engines.

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National Institute of Building Sciences

The National Institute of Building Sciences is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that brings together representatives of government, the professions, industry, labor and consumer interests, and regulatory agencies to focus on the identification and resolution of problems and potential problems that hamper the construction of safe, affordable structures for housing, commerce and industry throughout the United States.

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Naturally aspirated engine

A naturally aspirated engine is an internal combustion engine in which oxygen intake depends solely on atmospheric pressure and does not rely on forced induction through a turbocharger or a supercharger.

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Naval ship

A naval ship is a military ship (or sometimes boat, depending on classification) used by a navy.

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Newton (unit)

The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.

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Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.

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Non-Intrusive Stress Measurement System

Non-Intrusive Stress Measurement (System) (NSMS) is a method for determining dynamic blade stresses in rotating turbomachinery.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC,, or OPEP in several other languages) is an intergovernmental organization of nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria.

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Open system (systems theory)

An open system is a system that has external interactions.

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Open-wheel car

An open-wheel car (formula car, or often single-seater car in British English) is a car with the wheels outside the car's main body, and usually having only one seat.

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Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.

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Panther tank

The Panther is a German medium tank deployed during World War II on the Eastern and Western Fronts in Europe from mid-1943 to the war's end in 1945.

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Paris Motor Show

The Paris Motor Show (Mondial de l'Automobile) is a biennial auto show in Paris.

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Parnelli Jones

Rufus Parnell "Parnelli" Jones (born August 12, 1933 in Texarkana, Arkansas) is a retired American racing driver and race car owner.

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Patrol boat

A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence duties.

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Peaking power plant

Peaking power plants, also known as peaker plants, and occasionally just "peakers", are power plants that generally run only when there is a high demand, known as peak demand, for electricity.

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Plain bearing

A plain bearing, or more commonly sliding bearing and slide bearing (in railroading sometimes called a solid bearing or friction bearing), is the simplest type of bearing, comprising just a bearing surface and no rolling elements.

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Plymouth (automobile)

Plymouth was a brand of automobiles based in the United States, produced by the Chrysler Corporation and its successor DaimlerChrysler.

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Pneumatic motor

A pneumatic motor (air motor) or compressed air engine is a type of motor which does mechanical work by expanding compressed air.

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Port Arthur, Texas

Port Arthur is a city in Jefferson County within the Beaumont−Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area of the U.S. state of Texas.

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Power Jets

Power Jets was a British company set up by Frank Whittle for the purpose of designing and manufacturing jet engines.

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Power-to-weight ratio

Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.

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In a motor vehicle, the term powertrain or powerplant describes the main components that generate power and deliver it to the road surface, water, or air.

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Pratt & Whitney

Pratt & Whitney is an American aerospace manufacturer with global service operations.

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Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6

The Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6, produced by Pratt & Whitney Canada, is a turboprop aircraft engine.

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A view of pump-jets operating ''Discovery'' jet ski pump jet Rear view of pump-jet on a Mark 50 torpedo A pump-jet, hydrojet, or water jet is a marine system that creates a jet of water for propulsion.

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Raúl Pateras Pescara

Raúl Pateras Pescara de Castelluccio (1890 – 1966), marquis of Pateras-Pescara, was an engineer and inventor from Argentina who specialized in automobiles, helicopters and free-piston engines.

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A recuperator is a special purpose counter-flow energy recovery heat exchanger positioned within the supply and exhaust air streams of an air handling system, or in the exhaust gases of an industrial process, in order to recover the waste heat.

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Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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A refractory mineral is a mineral that is resistant to decomposition by heat, pressure, or chemical attack.

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A refrigerator (colloquially fridge, or fridgefreezer in the UK) is a popular household appliance that consists of a thermally insulated compartment and a heat pump (mechanical, electronic or chemical) that transfers heat from the inside of the fridge to its external environment so that the inside of the fridge is cooled to a temperature below the ambient temperature of the room.

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Rhenium is a chemical element with symbol Re and atomic number 75.

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Richie Ginther

Paul Richard "Richie" Ginther (Granada Hills,Richie Ginther Enters Times Grand Prix, Los Angeles Times, September 13, 1960, Page C1 California, August 5, 1930 – September 20, 1989 in France) was a racecar driver from the United States.

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RMS Queen Mary 2

RMS Queen Mary 2 (also referred to as the QM2) is a transatlantic ocean liner.

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Roasting jack

A roasting jack is a machine which rotates meat roasting on a spit.

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Rolling-element bearing

A rolling-element bearing, also known as a rolling bearing, is a bearing which carries a load by placing rolling elements (such as balls or rollers) between two bearing rings called races.

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Rolls-Royce Avon

The Rolls-Royce Avon was the first axial flow jet engine designed and produced by Rolls-Royce.

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Rolls-Royce Holdings

Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public limited company incorporated in February 2011 that owns Rolls-Royce, a business established in 1904 which today designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.

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Rolls-Royce Olympus

The Rolls-Royce Olympus (originally the Bristol B.E.10 Olympus) was the world's first two-spool axial-flow turbojet aircraft engine design, dating from November 1946, although not the first to run or enter service.

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Rolls-Royce RB211

The Rolls-Royce RB211 is a British family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by Rolls-Royce plc.

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Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

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Rover Company

The Rover Company Limited was a British car manufacturing company that operated from its base in Solihull in Warwickshire.

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Rover JET1

The Rover JET1 was a gas turbine car originally built in Solihull in 1949/1950 by the Rover Company, and modified to a more aerodynamic style in 1952.

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The Rover-BRM was a prototype gas turbine-powered racing car, jointly developed in the early 1960s by the British companies Rover and British Racing Motors (BRM).

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Royal Danish Navy

The Royal Danish Navy (Søværnet) is the sea-based branch of the Danish Defence force.

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Royal Dutch Shell

Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Rugby, Warwickshire

Rugby is a market town in Warwickshire, England, close to the River Avon.

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Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44.

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Sanford Alexander Moss

Sanford Alexander Moss (August 23, 1872 – November 10, 1946) was an American aviation engineer, who was the first to use a turbocharger on an aircraft engine.

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Science Museum, London

The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.

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Seatrain Lines

Seatrain Lines, formally the Over-Seas Shipping Company, began intermodal freight transport in December 1928 by transporting entire loaded railroad freight cars between the United States and Cuba.

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Semi-trailer truck

A semi-trailer truck (more commonly semi truck or simply "semi") is the combination of a tractor unit and one or more semi-trailers to carry freight.

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Shell and tube heat exchanger

A shell and tube heat exchanger is a class of heat exchanger designs.

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A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing.

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Single crystal

A single crystal or monocrystalline solid is a material in which the crystal lattice of the entire sample is continuous and unbroken to the edges of the sample, with no grain boundaries.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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Specific volume

In thermodynamics, the specific volume of a substance is the ratio of the substance's volume to its mass.

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Stamp mill

A stamp mill (or stamp battery or stamping mill) is a type of mill machine that crushes material by pounding rather than grinding, either for further processing or for extraction of metallic ores.

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Steam Gun Boat

Steam gun boat (SGB) was a Royal Navy term for a class of small naval vessels used during the Second World War.

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Steam turbine

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.

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Stena Line

Stena Line is one of the largest ferry operators in the world.

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STP-Paxton Turbocar

The STP-Paxton Turbocar was an American racing car, designed by Ken Wallis as the STP entry in the Indianapolis 500.

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Stridsvagn 103

The Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103), "Strv" is the Swedish military abbreviation of stridsvagn, Swedish for tank while the 103 comes from being the third tank in Swedish service to be equipped with a 10 cm gun.

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A superalloy, or high-performance alloy, is an alloy that exhibits several key characteristics: excellent mechanical strength, resistance to thermal creep deformation, good surface stability, and resistance to corrosion or oxidation.

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A supercapacitor (SC) (also called a supercap, ultracapacitor or Goldcap) is a high-capacity capacitor with capacitance values much higher than other capacitors (but lower voltage limits) that bridge the gap between electrolytic capacitors and rechargeable batteries.

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A supercar is a luxury, high-performance sports car or grand tourer.

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Supercritical carbon dioxide

Supercritical carbon dioxide (s) is a fluid state of carbon dioxide where it is held at or above its critical temperature and critical pressure.

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Swedish Navy

The Swedish Royal Navy (Svenska marinen) is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces.

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In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can "make" or "break" an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.

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The T-72 is a Soviet second-generation main battle tank that entered production in 1971.

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The T-80 is a third-generation main battle tank (MBT) designed and manufactured in the Soviet Union.

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The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993.

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A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.

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Team Lotus

Team Lotus was the motorsport sister company of English sports car manufacturer Lotus Cars.

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Tesla turbine

The Tesla turbine is a bladeless centripetal flow turbine patented by Nikola Tesla in 1913.

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Thermal barrier coating

Thermal barrier coatings (TBC) are advanced materials systems usually applied to metallic surfaces, such as on gas turbine or aero-engine parts, operating at elevated temperatures, as a form of exhaust heat management.

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Thermal efficiency

In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, furnace, or a refrigerator for example.

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Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.

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Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.

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Thrust bearing

A thrust bearing is a particular type of rotary bearing.

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Torque converter

A torque converter is a type of fluid coupling which transfers rotating power from a prime mover, like an internal combustion engine, to a rotating driven load.

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, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.

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Toyota concept vehicles, 1970–79

The EX-7 was a 2-seat concept car made by Toyota and shown during the 1970 Tokyo Motor Show.

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Toyota concept vehicles, 1980–89

Toyota Concept Vehicles produced between 1980 and 1989 include.

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Tribal-class frigate

The Type 81, or Tribal class, were ordered and built as Sloops to carry out similar duties to the immediate post war Improved Black Swan Sloops and Loch class frigates in the Gulf.

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Tupolev Tu-95

The Tupolev Tu-95 (Туполев Ту-95; NATO reporting name: "Bear") is a large, four-engine turboprop-powered strategic bomber and missile platform.

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A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.

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Turbine engine failure

A turbine engine failure occurs when a turbine engine in an aircraft unexpectedly stops producing thrust or power production due to a malfunction other than fuel exhaustion, although the term "turbine engine failure" can also apply to failure of any turbine engine, such as ground-based turbines used in power plants, turbine-engined vessels (i.e. CODAG) and vehicles, etc.

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Turbine inlet air cooling

Turbine inlet air cooling is a group of technologies and techniques consisting of cooling down the intake air of the gas turbine.

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Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship.

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Turbo-compound engine

A turbo-compound engine is a reciprocating engine that employs a turbine to recover energy from the exhaust gases.

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A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.

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The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.

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The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.

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Turbojet development at the RAE

Between 1936 and 1940 Alan Arnold Griffith designed a series of turbine engines that were built under the direction of Hayne Constant at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE).

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A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.

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A turbopump is a propellant pump with two main components: a rotodynamic pump and a driving gas turbine, usually both mounted on the same shaft, or sometimes geared together.

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A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.

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Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.

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United States Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.

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United States Maritime Commission

The United States Maritime Commission (MARCOM) was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the United States Shipping Board which had existed since World War I. It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant cargo ships to replace the World War I vintage vessels that comprised the bulk of the United States Merchant Marine, and to administer a subsidy system authorized by the Act to offset the cost differential between building in the U.S. and operating ships under the American flag.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Variable-geometry turbocharger

Variable-geometry turbochargers (VGTs), (also known as variable nozzle turbines/VNTs), are a family of turbochargers, usually designed to allow the effective aspect ratio (A:R) of the turbo to be altered as conditions change.

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Variable-pitch propeller

A controllable-pitch propeller (CPP) or variable-pitch propeller is a type of propeller with blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change the blade pitch.

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The Volvo Group (Volvokoncernen; legally Aktiebolaget Volvo, shortened to AB Volvo) (stylized as VOLVO) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg.

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Volvo ECC

The Volvo ECC (Environmental Concept Car) was an executive luxury concept car built by Volvo in 1992.

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Waffenamt (WaA) was the German Army Weapons Agency.

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Waste heat

Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing work.

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A wastegate is a valve that diverts exhaust gases away from the turbine wheel in a turbocharged engine system.

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The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

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Wärtsilä is a Finnish corporation which manufactures and services power sources and other equipment in the marine and energy markets.

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Whole Building Design Guide

The Whole Building Design Guide or WBDG is described by the Federal Energy Management Program as "a complete internet resource to a wide range of building-related design guidance, criteria and technology", and meets the requirements in guidance documents for Executive Order 13123.

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Williams International

Williams International is an American manufacturer of small gas turbine engines based in Commerce Township, Michigan, United States.

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Wind turbine

A wind turbine is a device that converts the wind's kinetic energy into electrical energy.

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Working fluid

A working fluid is a pressurized gas or liquid that actuates a machine.

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Yield strength anomaly

In materials science, the yield strength anomaly refers to unusual materials wherein the yield strength (i.e., the stress necessary to initiate plastic yielding) increases with temperature.

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Zirconium dioxide

Zirconium dioxide, sometimes known as zirconia (not to be confused with zircon), is a white crystalline oxide of zirconium.

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1963 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 31st Grand Prix of Endurance in the 24 Hours of Le Mans series and took place on 15 and 16 June 1963.

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1968 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1968 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 36th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 28 and 29 September 1968 on the Circuit de la Sarthe, in Le Mans, France.

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2010 Paris Motor Show

The 2010 Paris Motor Show took place from 2 October to 17 October 2010, in Paris expo Porte de Versailles.

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3D printing

3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_turbine

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