Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Gaulish language

Index Gaulish language

Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire. [1]

191 relations: Ablative case, Accusative case, Affricate consonant, Alveolar consonant, Anatolia, Ancient Greek, Animacy, Antecedent (grammar), Apollo, Appendix Vergiliana, Approximant consonant, Aquitaine, Aquitanian language, Artio, Arverni, Attic Greek, Aulus Gellius, Ausonius, Autun, Auvergne, Back vowel, Balkans, Bear, Belgae, Bern zinc tablet, Biel/Bienne, Bilabial consonant, Bordeaux, Breton language, Brittonic languages, Bronze Age, Cassius Dio, Celtiberian language, Celtic coinage, Celtic languages, Central vowel, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Chamalières tablet, Cisalpine Gaul, Cisalpine Gaulish, Clitic, Close vowel, Coligny calendar, Coligny, Ain, Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Continental Celtic languages, Curse tablet, Cyril of Scythopolis, Dative case, Declension, ..., Dental consonant, Dialect continuum, Disjunctive pronoun, Dislocation (syntax), Druid, Eluveitie, Epigraphy, Epistle to the Galatians, Etruscan language, Ferdinand Lot, First-person narrative, Fortis and lenis, France, French language, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Furnace, Galatia, Galatian language, Galatians (people), Gallia Narbonensis, Gallic Wars, Garonne, Gaul, Gaulish language, Gauls, Genitive case, Germanic languages, Gobannus, Goidelic languages, Grammatical gender, Grammatical number, Grannus, Great Britain, Greek alphabet, Greek language, Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul, Gregory of Tours, Helvetii, Historical linguistics, History of the Greek alphabet, Iberian Peninsula, Incantation, Infix, Instrumental case, Insular Celtic languages, Irenaeus, Irish language, Isogloss, Italic languages, Italo-Celtic, Italy, Jerome, John T. Koch, Joseph Vendryes, Julius Caesar, L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac, La Graufesenque, La Tène culture, Labialization, Labialized velar consonant, Languages of France, Larzac tablet, Latin, Latin alphabet, Latin script, Lepontic language, Leuci, Lezoux Plate, Limoges, Lingones, Liquid consonant, List of English words of Gaulish origin, List of French words of Gaulish origin, Locative case, Loire, Lucian, Lugano, Lunisolar calendar, Lyon, Mantua, Manx language, Marne, Mars (mythology), Metalsmith, Mid vowel, Morphology (linguistics), Muri bei Bern, Nasal consonant, Nominative case, Noric language, Northern Italy, Occlusive, Old Irish, Old Italic script, On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis, Open vowel, Osco-Umbrian languages, Palatal consonant, Pannonia, Phi, Port, Switzerland, Primitive Irish, Proto-Indo-European language, Psi (letter), Rhône, Roman cursive, Roman Empire, Roman Gaul, Romance languages, Scottish Gaelic, Seine, Sidonius Apollinaris, Sigma, Southern France, Spindle whorl, Stop consonant, Subject–verb–object, Switzerland, Symphorian and Timotheus, Toponymy, Treveri, V2 word order, Velar consonant, Verb–subject–object, Villards-d'Héria, Vocative case, Voice (phonetics), Voiceless velar stop, Voicelessness, Vulgar Latin, 180, 1st millennium, 2nd century, 3rd century BC, 400, 450, 526, 5th century, 6th century, 9th century. Expand index (141 more) »

Ablative case

The ablative case (sometimes abbreviated) is a grammatical case for nouns, pronouns and adjectives in the grammar of various languages; it is sometimes used to express motion away from something, among other uses.

New!!: Gaulish language and Ablative case · See more »

Accusative case

The accusative case (abbreviated) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.

New!!: Gaulish language and Accusative case · See more »

Affricate consonant

An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).

New!!: Gaulish language and Affricate consonant · See more »

Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

New!!: Gaulish language and Alveolar consonant · See more »

Anatolia

Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

New!!: Gaulish language and Anatolia · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Gaulish language and Ancient Greek · See more »

Animacy

Animacy is a grammatical and semantic principle expressed in language based on how sentient or alive the referent of a noun is.

New!!: Gaulish language and Animacy · See more »

Antecedent (grammar)

In grammar, an antecedent is an expression (word, phrase, clause, sentence, etc.) that gives its meaning to a proform (pronoun, pro-verb, pro-adverb, etc.). A proform takes its meaning from its antecedent, e.g. "Ava arrived late because traffic held her up".

New!!: Gaulish language and Antecedent (grammar) · See more »

Apollo

Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.

New!!: Gaulish language and Apollo · See more »

Appendix Vergiliana

The Appendix Vergiliana is a collection of poems traditionally ascribed as juvenilia of Virgil, although it is likely that all the pieces are in fact spurious Régine Chambert "" in "Vergil, Philodemus, and the Augustans" 2003: "Vergil's authorship of at least some of the poems in the Appendix is nowadays no longer contested.

New!!: Gaulish language and Appendix Vergiliana · See more »

Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

New!!: Gaulish language and Approximant consonant · See more »

Aquitaine

Aquitaine (Aquitània; Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Aguiéne), archaic Guyenne/Guienne (Occitan: Guiana) was a traditional region of France, and was an administrative region of France until 1 January 2016.

New!!: Gaulish language and Aquitaine · See more »

Aquitanian language

The Aquitanian language was spoken on both sides of the western Pyrenees in ancient Aquitaine (approximately between the Pyrenees and the Garonne, in the region later known as Gascony) and in the areas south of the Pyrenees in the valleys of the Basque Country before the Roman conquest.

New!!: Gaulish language and Aquitanian language · See more »

Artio

Artio (Dea Artio in the Gallo-Roman religion) was a Celtic bear goddess.

New!!: Gaulish language and Artio · See more »

Arverni

The Arverni were a Celtic tribe.

New!!: Gaulish language and Arverni · See more »

Attic Greek

Attic Greek is the Greek dialect of ancient Attica, including the city of Athens.

New!!: Gaulish language and Attic Greek · See more »

Aulus Gellius

Aulus Gellius (c. 125after 180 AD) was a Latin author and grammarian, who was probably born and certainly brought up in Rome.

New!!: Gaulish language and Aulus Gellius · See more »

Ausonius

Decimus or Decimius Magnus Ausonius (– c. 395) was a Roman poet and teacher of rhetoric from Burdigala in Aquitaine, modern Bordeaux, France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Ausonius · See more »

Autun

Autun is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department, France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Autun · See more »

Auvergne

Auvergne (Auvergnat (occitan): Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is a former administrative region of France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Auvergne · See more »

Back vowel

A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Back vowel · See more »

Balkans

The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.

New!!: Gaulish language and Balkans · See more »

Bear

Bears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae.

New!!: Gaulish language and Bear · See more »

Belgae

The Belgae were a large Gallic-Germanic confederation of tribes living in northern Gaul, between the English Channel, the west bank of the Rhine, and northern bank of the river Seine, from at least the third century BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and Belgae · See more »

Bern zinc tablet

The Bern zinc tablet or Gobannus tablet is a metal sheet found in 1984 in Bern, Switzerland.

New!!: Gaulish language and Bern zinc tablet · See more »

Biel/Bienne

Biel/Bienne (official bilingual wording;;; Bienna, Bienna, Belna) is a town and a municipality in the Biel/Bienne administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

New!!: Gaulish language and Biel/Bienne · See more »

Bilabial consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

New!!: Gaulish language and Bilabial consonant · See more »

Bordeaux

Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Bordeaux · See more »

Breton language

Breton (brezhoneg or in Morbihan) is a Southwestern Brittonic Celtic language spoken in Brittany.

New!!: Gaulish language and Breton language · See more »

Brittonic languages

The Brittonic, Brythonic or British Celtic languages (ieithoedd Brythonaidd/Prydeinig; yethow brythonek/predennek; yezhoù predenek) form one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic language family; the other is Goidelic.

New!!: Gaulish language and Brittonic languages · See more »

Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

New!!: Gaulish language and Bronze Age · See more »

Cassius Dio

Cassius Dio or Dio Cassius (c. 155 – c. 235) was a Roman statesman and historian of Greek origin.

New!!: Gaulish language and Cassius Dio · See more »

Celtiberian language

Celtiberian or Northeastern Hispano-Celtic is an extinct Indo-European language of the Celtic branch spoken by the Celtiberians in an area of the Iberian Peninsula lying between the headwaters of the Douro, Tagus, Júcar and Turia rivers and the Ebro river.

New!!: Gaulish language and Celtiberian language · See more »

Celtic coinage

Celtic coinage was minted by the Celts from the late 4th century BC to the late 1st century BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and Celtic coinage · See more »

Celtic languages

The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.

New!!: Gaulish language and Celtic languages · See more »

Central vowel

A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Central vowel · See more »

Centre national de la recherche scientifique

The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.

New!!: Gaulish language and Centre national de la recherche scientifique · See more »

Chamalières tablet

The Chamalières tablet (French: Plomb de Chamalières) is a lead tablet, six by four centimeters, that was discovered in 1971 in Chamalières, France, at the Source des Roches excavation.

New!!: Gaulish language and Chamalières tablet · See more »

Cisalpine Gaul

Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina), also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata, was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and Cisalpine Gaul · See more »

Cisalpine Gaulish

The Celtic Cisalpine Gaulish inscriptions are frequently combined with the Lepontic inscriptions under the term Celtic language remains in northern Italy.

New!!: Gaulish language and Cisalpine Gaulish · See more »

Clitic

A clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme in morphology and syntax that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.

New!!: Gaulish language and Clitic · See more »

Close vowel

A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Close vowel · See more »

Coligny calendar

The Coligny calendar is a Gaulish peg calendar or ''parapegma'' made in Roman Gaul in the 2nd century, giving a five-year cycle of a lunisolar calendar with intercalary months.

New!!: Gaulish language and Coligny calendar · See more »

Coligny, Ain

Coligny (Colignê) is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Coligny, Ain · See more »

Commentarii de Bello Gallico

Commentāriī dē Bellō Gallicō (italic), also Bellum Gallicum (italic), is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative.

New!!: Gaulish language and Commentarii de Bello Gallico · See more »

Continental Celtic languages

The Continental Celtic languages are the Celtic languages, now extinct, that were spoken on the continent of Europe, as distinguished from the Insular Celtic languages of the British Isles and Brittany.

New!!: Gaulish language and Continental Celtic languages · See more »

Curse tablet

A curse tablet (tabella defixionis, defixio; κατάδεσμος katadesmos) is a small tablet with a curse written on it from the Greco-Roman world.

New!!: Gaulish language and Curse tablet · See more »

Cyril of Scythopolis

Cyril of Scythopolis (ca. 525–559 CE), also known as Cyrillus Scythopolitanus (Greek: Κύριλλος ὁ Σκυθοπολίτης, Kyrillos ho Skythopolitēs), was a Christian monk, priest and Greek hagiographer or historian of monastic life in Palestine in the early years of Christianity (6th century CE).

New!!: Gaulish language and Cyril of Scythopolis · See more »

Dative case

The dative case (abbreviated, or sometimes when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case used in some languages to indicate, among other uses, the noun to which something is given, as in "Maria Jacobī potum dedit", Latin for "Maria gave Jacob a drink".

New!!: Gaulish language and Dative case · See more »

Declension

In linguistics, declension is the changing of the form of a word to express it with a non-standard meaning, by way of some inflection, that is by marking the word with some change in pronunciation or by other information.

New!!: Gaulish language and Declension · See more »

Dental consonant

A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Dental consonant · See more »

Dialect continuum

A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.

New!!: Gaulish language and Dialect continuum · See more »

Disjunctive pronoun

A disjunctive pronoun is a stressed form of a personal pronoun reserved for use in isolation or in certain syntactic contexts.

New!!: Gaulish language and Disjunctive pronoun · See more »

Dislocation (syntax)

In syntax, dislocation is a sentence structure in which a constituent, which could otherwise be either an argument or an adjunct of the clause, occurs outside the clause boundaries either to its left or to its right.

New!!: Gaulish language and Dislocation (syntax) · See more »

Druid

A druid (derwydd; druí; draoidh) was a member of the high-ranking professional class in ancient Celtic cultures.

New!!: Gaulish language and Druid · See more »

Eluveitie

Eluveitie is a Swiss folk metal band from Winterthur, Zurich, founded in 2002 by Chrigel Glanzmann.

New!!: Gaulish language and Eluveitie · See more »

Epigraphy

Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφή, "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.

New!!: Gaulish language and Epigraphy · See more »

Epistle to the Galatians

The Epistle to the Galatians, often shortened to Galatians, is the ninth book of the New Testament.

New!!: Gaulish language and Epistle to the Galatians · See more »

Etruscan language

The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Corsica, Campania, Veneto, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna.

New!!: Gaulish language and Etruscan language · See more »

Ferdinand Lot

Ferdinand Victor Henri Lot (Le Plessis Piquet, 20 September 1866 – Fontenay-aux-Roses, 20 July 1952) was a French historian and medievalist.

New!!: Gaulish language and Ferdinand Lot · See more »

First-person narrative

A first-person narrative is a mode of storytelling in which a narrator relays events from their own point of view using the first person It may be narrated by a first person protagonist (or other focal character), first person re-teller, first person witness, or first person peripheral (also called a peripheral narrator).

New!!: Gaulish language and First-person narrative · See more »

Fortis and lenis

In linguistics, fortis and lenis (Latin for "strong" and "weak"), sometimes identified with '''tense''' and '''lax''', are pronunciations of consonants with relatively greater and lesser energy.

New!!: Gaulish language and Fortis and lenis · See more »

France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Gaulish language and France · See more »

French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

New!!: Gaulish language and French language · See more »

Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

New!!: Gaulish language and Fricative consonant · See more »

Front vowel

A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.

New!!: Gaulish language and Front vowel · See more »

Furnace

A furnace is a device used for high-temperature heating.

New!!: Gaulish language and Furnace · See more »

Galatia

Ancient Galatia (Γαλατία, Galatía) was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia (Ankara, Çorum, Yozgat Province) in modern Turkey.

New!!: Gaulish language and Galatia · See more »

Galatian language

Galatian is an extinct Celtic language once spoken by the Galatians in Galatia mainly in north central lands of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) from the 3rd century BCE up to at least the 4th century CE, although ancient sources suggest it was still spoken in the 6th century.

New!!: Gaulish language and Galatian language · See more »

Galatians (people)

The Galatians (Latin: Gallograeci; Greek: Γαλάται) were a Gallic people of the Hellenistic period that dwelt mainly in the north central regions of Asia Minor or Anatolia, in what was known as Galatia, in today's Turkey.

New!!: Gaulish language and Galatians (people) · See more »

Gallia Narbonensis

Gallia Narbonensis (Latin for "Gaul of Narbonne", from its chief settlement) was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Gallia Narbonensis · See more »

Gallic Wars

The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns waged by the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes.

New!!: Gaulish language and Gallic Wars · See more »

Garonne

The Garonne (Garonne,; in Occitan, Catalan, and Spanish: Garona; Garumna or Garunna) is a river in southwest France and northern Spain, with a length of.

New!!: Gaulish language and Garonne · See more »

Gaul

Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.

New!!: Gaulish language and Gaul · See more »

Gaulish language

Gaulish was an ancient Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Europe as late as the Roman Empire.

New!!: Gaulish language and Gaulish language · See more »

Gauls

The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).

New!!: Gaulish language and Gauls · See more »

Genitive case

In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.

New!!: Gaulish language and Genitive case · See more »

Germanic languages

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.

New!!: Gaulish language and Germanic languages · See more »

Gobannus

Gobannus (or Gobannos, the Gaulish form, sometimes Cobannus) was a Gallo-Roman god, whose name, denoting "the smith", is normally taken to identify him as patron of smiths.

New!!: Gaulish language and Gobannus · See more »

Goidelic languages

The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Goidelic languages · See more »

Grammatical gender

In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.

New!!: Gaulish language and Grammatical gender · See more »

Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

New!!: Gaulish language and Grammatical number · See more »

Grannus

In the Celtic polytheism of classical antiquity, Grannus (also Granus, Mogounus, and Amarcolitanus) was a deity associated with spas, healing thermal and mineral springs, and the sun.

New!!: Gaulish language and Grannus · See more »

Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.

New!!: Gaulish language and Great Britain · See more »

Greek alphabet

The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and Greek alphabet · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Gaulish language and Greek language · See more »

Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul

The Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul have a significant history of settlement, trade, cultural influence, and armed conflict in the Celtic territory of Gaul (modern France), starting from the 6th century BC during the Greek Archaic period.

New!!: Gaulish language and Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul · See more »

Gregory of Tours

Saint Gregory of Tours (30 November c. 538 – 17 November 594) was a Gallo-Roman historian and Bishop of Tours, which made him a leading prelate of the area that had been previously referred to as Gaul by the Romans. He was born Georgius Florentius and later added the name Gregorius in honour of his maternal great-grandfather. He is the primary contemporary source for Merovingian history. His most notable work was his Decem Libri Historiarum (Ten Books of Histories), better known as the Historia Francorum (History of the Franks), a title that later chroniclers gave to it, but he is also known for his accounts of the miracles of saints, especially four books of the miracles of St. Martin of Tours. St. Martin's tomb was a major pilgrimage destination in the 6th century, and St. Gregory's writings had the practical effect of promoting this highly organized devotion.

New!!: Gaulish language and Gregory of Tours · See more »

Helvetii

The Helvetii (anglicized Helvetians) were a Gallic tribe or tribal confederation occupying most of the Swiss plateau at the time of their contact with the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and Helvetii · See more »

Historical linguistics

Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.

New!!: Gaulish language and Historical linguistics · See more »

History of the Greek alphabet

The history of the Greek alphabet starts with the adoption of Phoenician letter forms and continues to the present day.

New!!: Gaulish language and History of the Greek alphabet · See more »

Iberian Peninsula

The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.

New!!: Gaulish language and Iberian Peninsula · See more »

Incantation

An incantation, enchantment, or magic spell is a set of words, spoken or unspoken, which are considered by its user to invoke some magical effect.

New!!: Gaulish language and Incantation · See more »

Infix

An infix is an affix inserted inside a word stem (an existing word).

New!!: Gaulish language and Infix · See more »

Instrumental case

The instrumental case (abbreviated or) is a grammatical case used to indicate that a noun is the instrument or means by or with which the subject achieves or accomplishes an action.

New!!: Gaulish language and Instrumental case · See more »

Insular Celtic languages

Insular Celtic languages are a group of Celtic languages that originated in Britain and Ireland, in contrast to the Continental Celtic languages of mainland Europe and Anatolia.

New!!: Gaulish language and Insular Celtic languages · See more »

Irenaeus

Irenaeus (Ειρηναίος Eirēnaíos) (died about 202) was a Greek cleric noted for his role in guiding and expanding Christian communities in what is now the south of France and, more widely, for the development of Christian theology by combatting heresy and defining orthodoxy.

New!!: Gaulish language and Irenaeus · See more »

Irish language

The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

New!!: Gaulish language and Irish language · See more »

Isogloss

An isogloss, also called a heterogloss (see Etymology below), is the geographic boundary of a certain linguistic feature, such as the pronunciation of a vowel, the meaning of a word, or the use of some morphological or syntactic feature.

New!!: Gaulish language and Isogloss · See more »

Italic languages

The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken by Italic peoples.

New!!: Gaulish language and Italic languages · See more »

Italo-Celtic

In historical linguistics, Italo-Celtic is a grouping of the Italic and Celtic branches of the Indo-European language family on the basis of features shared by these two branches and no others.

New!!: Gaulish language and Italo-Celtic · See more »

Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Gaulish language and Italy · See more »

Jerome

Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c. 27 March 347 – 30 September 420) was a priest, confessor, theologian, and historian.

New!!: Gaulish language and Jerome · See more »

John T. Koch

John T. Koch is an American academic, historian and linguist who specializes in Celtic studies, especially prehistory and the early Middle Ages.

New!!: Gaulish language and John T. Koch · See more »

Joseph Vendryes

Joseph Vendryes (13 January 1875, Paris – 30 January 1960) was a French Celtic linguist.

New!!: Gaulish language and Joseph Vendryes · See more »

Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Gaulish language and Julius Caesar · See more »

L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac

L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France, part of the southern Massif central, incorporating part of the Larzac plateau.

New!!: Gaulish language and L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac · See more »

La Graufesenque

La Graufesenque is an archaeological site 2 km from Millau, Aveyron, France, at the confluence of the rivers Tarn and Dourbie.

New!!: Gaulish language and La Graufesenque · See more »

La Tène culture

The La Tène culture was a European Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel in Switzerland, where thousands of objects had been deposited in the lake, as was discovered after the water level dropped in 1857.

New!!: Gaulish language and La Tène culture · See more »

Labialization

Labialization is a secondary articulatory feature of sounds in some languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Labialization · See more »

Labialized velar consonant

A labialized velar or labiovelar is a velar consonant that is labialized, with a /w/-like secondary articulation.

New!!: Gaulish language and Labialized velar consonant · See more »

Languages of France

Of the languages of France, the national language, French, is the only official language according to the second article of the French Constitution, and its standardized variant is by far the most widely spoken.

New!!: Gaulish language and Languages of France · See more »

Larzac tablet

The Larzac tablet is a lead curse tablet found in 1983 the commune of L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac, Aveyron, southern France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Larzac tablet · See more »

Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Latin · See more »

Latin alphabet

The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.

New!!: Gaulish language and Latin alphabet · See more »

Latin script

Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.

New!!: Gaulish language and Latin script · See more »

Lepontic language

Lepontic is an ancient Alpine Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Rhaetia and Cisalpine Gaul (what is now Northern Italy) between 550 and 100 BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lepontic language · See more »

Leuci

The Leuci were a Gallic tribe, recorded to have lived in the southern part of what is now Lorraine.

New!!: Gaulish language and Leuci · See more »

Lezoux Plate

The Lezoux plate is a ceramic plate discovered in 1970 at Lezoux (Puy-de-Dôme), which contains one of the longer texts in the Gaulish language (in a Gallo-Latin cursive script) which has yet been found.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lezoux Plate · See more »

Limoges

Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Limoges · See more »

Lingones

The Lingones were a Celtic tribe that originally lived in Gaul in the area of the headwaters of the Seine and Marne rivers.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lingones · See more »

Liquid consonant

In phonetics, liquids or liquid consonants are a class of consonants consisting of lateral consonants like 'l' together with rhotics like 'r'.

New!!: Gaulish language and Liquid consonant · See more »

List of English words of Gaulish origin

A list of English Language words derived from the Celtic Gaulish language, entering English via Old Frankish or Vulgar Latin and Old French; ambassador: from Old French embassadeur, from Latin ambactus, from Gaulish *ambactos, "servant", "henchman", "one who goes about".

New!!: Gaulish language and List of English words of Gaulish origin · See more »

List of French words of Gaulish origin

The Gaulish language, and presumably its many dialects and closely allied sister languages, left a few hundred words in French and many more in nearby Romance languages, i.e. Franco-Provençal (Eastern France and Western Switzerland), Occitan (Southern France), Catalan, Romansch, Gallo-Italian (Northern Italy), and many of the regional languages of northern France and Belgium collectively known as langues d'oïl (e.g. Walloon, Norman, Gallo, Picard, Bourguignon, and Poitevin).

New!!: Gaulish language and List of French words of Gaulish origin · See more »

Locative case

Locative (abbreviated) is a grammatical case which indicates a location.

New!!: Gaulish language and Locative case · See more »

Loire

The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.

New!!: Gaulish language and Loire · See more »

Lucian

Lucian of Samosata (125 AD – after 180 AD) was a Hellenized Syrian satirist and rhetorician who is best known for his characteristic tongue-in-cheek style, with which he frequently ridiculed superstition, religious practices, and belief in the paranormal.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lucian · See more »

Lugano

Lugano is a city in southern Switzerland in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino bordering Italy.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lugano · See more »

Lunisolar calendar

A lunisolar calendar is a calendar in many cultures whose date indicates both the moon phase and the time of the solar year.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lunisolar calendar · See more »

Lyon

Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Lyon · See more »

Mantua

Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.

New!!: Gaulish language and Mantua · See more »

Manx language

No description.

New!!: Gaulish language and Manx language · See more »

Marne

Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department.

New!!: Gaulish language and Marne · See more »

Mars (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.

New!!: Gaulish language and Mars (mythology) · See more »

Metalsmith

A metalsmith or simply smith is a craftsman fashioning useful items (for example, tools, kitchenware, tableware, jewellery, and weapons) out of various metals.

New!!: Gaulish language and Metalsmith · See more »

Mid vowel

A mid vowel (or a true-mid vowel) is any in a class of vowel sounds used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Mid vowel · See more »

Morphology (linguistics)

In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

New!!: Gaulish language and Morphology (linguistics) · See more »

Muri bei Bern

Muri bei Bern is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

New!!: Gaulish language and Muri bei Bern · See more »

Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

New!!: Gaulish language and Nasal consonant · See more »

Nominative case

The nominative case (abbreviated), subjective case, straight case or upright case is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.

New!!: Gaulish language and Nominative case · See more »

Noric language

The Noric language, or Eastern Celtic, is an unclassified Continental Celtic language.

New!!: Gaulish language and Noric language · See more »

Northern Italy

Northern Italy (Italia settentrionale or just Nord) is a geographical region in the northern part of Italy.

New!!: Gaulish language and Northern Italy · See more »

Occlusive

In phonetics, an occlusive, sometimes known as a stop, is a consonant sound produced by blocking (occluding) airflow in the vocal tract, but not necessarily in the nasal tract.

New!!: Gaulish language and Occlusive · See more »

Old Irish

Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.

New!!: Gaulish language and Old Irish · See more »

Old Italic script

Old Italic is one of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Old Italic script · See more »

On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis

On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis (Ancient Greek: Ἔλεγχος καὶ ἀνατροπὴ τῆς ψευδωνύμου γνώσεως), sometimes called Adversus Haereses, is a work of Christian theology written in Greek about the year 180 by Irenaeus, the bishop of Lugdunum (now Lyon in France).

New!!: Gaulish language and On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis · See more »

Open vowel

An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.

New!!: Gaulish language and Open vowel · See more »

Osco-Umbrian languages

The Osco-Umbrian, Sabellic or Sabellian languages are a group of Italic languages, the Indo-European languages that were spoken in Central and Southern Italy by the Osco-Umbrians before Latin replaced them, as the power of Ancient Rome expanded.

New!!: Gaulish language and Osco-Umbrian languages · See more »

Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

New!!: Gaulish language and Palatal consonant · See more »

Pannonia

Pannonia was a province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.

New!!: Gaulish language and Pannonia · See more »

Phi

Phi (uppercase Φ, lowercase φ or ϕ; ϕεῖ pheî; φι fi) is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet.

New!!: Gaulish language and Phi · See more »

Port, Switzerland

Port is a municipality in the canton of Bern in Switzerland, located in the Biel/Bienne administrative district.

New!!: Gaulish language and Port, Switzerland · See more »

Primitive Irish

Primitive Irish or Archaic Irish (Gaeilge Ársa) is the oldest known form of the Goidelic languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Primitive Irish · See more »

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.

New!!: Gaulish language and Proto-Indo-European language · See more »

Psi (letter)

Psi (uppercase Ψ, lowercase ψ; psi) is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 700.

New!!: Gaulish language and Psi (letter) · See more »

Rhône

The Rhône (Le Rhône; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Rhône · See more »

Roman cursive

Roman cursive (or Latin cursive) is a form of handwriting (or a script) used in ancient Rome and to some extent into the Middle Ages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Roman cursive · See more »

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

New!!: Gaulish language and Roman Empire · See more »

Roman Gaul

Roman Gaul refers to Gaul under provincial rule in the Roman Empire from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.

New!!: Gaulish language and Roman Gaul · See more »

Romance languages

The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.

New!!: Gaulish language and Romance languages · See more »

Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.

New!!: Gaulish language and Scottish Gaelic · See more »

Seine

The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Seine · See more »

Sidonius Apollinaris

Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius, better known as Saint Sidonius Apollinaris (5 November of an unknown year, 430 – August 489 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop.

New!!: Gaulish language and Sidonius Apollinaris · See more »

Sigma

Sigma (upper-case Σ, lower-case σ, lower-case in word-final position ς; σίγμα) is the eighteenth letter of the Greek alphabet.

New!!: Gaulish language and Sigma · See more »

Southern France

Southern France or the South of France, colloquially known as le Midi, is a defined geographical area consisting of the regions of France that border the Atlantic Ocean south of the Marais Poitevin, Spain, the Mediterranean, and Italy.

New!!: Gaulish language and Southern France · See more »

Spindle whorl

A spindle whorl is a disc or spherical object fitted onto the spindle to increase and maintain the speed of the spin.

New!!: Gaulish language and Spindle whorl · See more »

Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

New!!: Gaulish language and Stop consonant · See more »

Subject–verb–object

In linguistic typology, subject–verb–object (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third.

New!!: Gaulish language and Subject–verb–object · See more »

Switzerland

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Gaulish language and Switzerland · See more »

Symphorian and Timotheus

Symphorian (Symphorianus, Symphorien), Timotheus (Timothy), and Hippolytus of Rome are three Christian martyrs who though they were unrelated and were killed in different places and at different times, shared a common feast day in the General Roman Calendar from at least the 1568 Tridentine Calendar to the Mysterii Paschalis.

New!!: Gaulish language and Symphorian and Timotheus · See more »

Toponymy

Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.

New!!: Gaulish language and Toponymy · See more »

Treveri

The Treveri or Treviri were a Belgic tribe who inhabited the lower valley of the Moselle from around 150 BCE, if not earlier, until their displacement by the Franks.

New!!: Gaulish language and Treveri · See more »

V2 word order

In syntax, verb-second (V2) word order places the finite verb of a clause or sentence in second position with a single major constituent preceding it, which functions as the clause topic.

New!!: Gaulish language and V2 word order · See more »

Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

New!!: Gaulish language and Velar consonant · See more »

Verb–subject–object

In linguistic typology, a verb–subject–object (VSO) language is one in which the most typical sentences arrange their elements in that order, as in Ate Sam oranges (Sam ate oranges).

New!!: Gaulish language and Verb–subject–object · See more »

Villards-d'Héria

Villards-d'Héria is a commune in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

New!!: Gaulish language and Villards-d'Héria · See more »

Vocative case

The vocative case (abbreviated) is the case used for a noun that identifies a person (animal, object etc.) being addressed or occasionally the determiners of that noun.

New!!: Gaulish language and Vocative case · See more »

Voice (phonetics)

Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).

New!!: Gaulish language and Voice (phonetics) · See more »

Voiceless velar stop

The voiceless velar stop or voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.

New!!: Gaulish language and Voiceless velar stop · See more »

Voicelessness

In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.

New!!: Gaulish language and Voicelessness · See more »

Vulgar Latin

Vulgar Latin or Sermo Vulgaris ("common speech") was a nonstandard form of Latin (as opposed to Classical Latin, the standard and literary version of the language) spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the classical period of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Gaulish language and Vulgar Latin · See more »

180

Year 180 (CLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

New!!: Gaulish language and 180 · See more »

1st millennium

The first millennium was a period of time that began on January 1, AD 1, and ended on December 31, AD 1000, of the Julian calendar.

New!!: Gaulish language and 1st millennium · See more »

2nd century

The 2nd century is the period from 101 to 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era.

New!!: Gaulish language and 2nd century · See more »

3rd century BC

The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC.

New!!: Gaulish language and 3rd century BC · See more »

400

Year 400 (CD) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

New!!: Gaulish language and 400 · See more »

450

Year 450 (CDL) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

New!!: Gaulish language and 450 · See more »

526

Year 526 (DXXVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

New!!: Gaulish language and 526 · See more »

5th century

The 5th century is the time period from 401 to 500 Anno Domini (AD) or Common Era (CE) in the Julian calendar.

New!!: Gaulish language and 5th century · See more »

6th century

The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era.

New!!: Gaulish language and 6th century · See more »

9th century

The 9th century is the period from 801 to 900 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era.

New!!: Gaulish language and 9th century · See more »

Redirects here:

Gallic language, Gaulish, Gaulish inscriptions, Gaulish languages, ISO 639:xtg, Recueil des Inscriptions Gauloises, Recueil des inscriptions gauloises, Transalpine Gaulish, Transalpine Gaulish language.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaulish_language

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »