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Gene ontology

Index Gene ontology

Gene ontology (GO) is a major bioinformatics initiative to unify the representation of gene and gene product attributes across all species. [1]

45 relations: Binary relation, Bioinformatics, Biological database, Biological process, BLAST, Blast2GO, Cell (biology), Cellular component, Comparative Toxicogenomics Database, Controlled vocabulary, DAVID, Directed acyclic graph, DNA annotation, Drosophila melanogaster, Enzyme catalysis, Eukaryote, Extracellular, Gene, Gene nomenclature, Gene product, GoPubMed, Graph theory, House mouse, Interferome, Java (programming language), Machine learning, Machine-readable data, Markup language, Model organism, Model organism databases, Multicellular organism, National Center for Biomedical Ontology, Ontology (information science), Open Biomedical Ontologies, Open-source software, Organ (anatomy), Organism, Prokaryote, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Semantic reasoner, Species, Taxon, Tissue (biology), Unicellular organism, Whole genome sequencing.

Binary relation

In mathematics, a binary relation on a set A is a set of ordered pairs of elements of A. In other words, it is a subset of the Cartesian product A2.

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Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.

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Biological database

Biological databases are libraries of life sciences information, collected from scientific experiments, published literature, high-throughput experiment technology, and computational analysis.

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Biological process

Biological processes are the processes vital for a living organism to live.

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In bioinformatics, BLAST for Basic Local Alignment Search Tool is an algorithm for comparing primary biological sequence information, such as the amino-acid sequences of proteins or the nucleotides of DNA sequences.

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Blast2GO, first published in 2005, is a bioinformatics software tool for the automatic, high-throughput functional annotation of novel sequence data (genes proteins).

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Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

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Cellular component

Cellular components are the complex biomolecules and structures of which cells, and thus living organisms, are composed.

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Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

The Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) is a public website and research tool launched in November 2004 that curates scientific data describing relationships between chemicals/drugs, genes/proteins, diseases, taxa, phenotypes, GO annotations, pathways, and interaction modules.

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Controlled vocabulary

Controlled vocabularies provide a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval.

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DAVID (the database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery) is a free online bioinformatics resource developed by the Laboratory of Immunopathogenesis and Bioinformatics.

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Directed acyclic graph

In mathematics and computer science, a directed acyclic graph (DAG), is a finite directed graph with no directed cycles.

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DNA annotation

DNA annotation or genome annotation is the process of identifying the locations of genes and all of the coding regions in a genome and determining what those genes do.

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Drosophila melanogaster

Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.

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Enzyme catalysis

Enzyme catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction by the active site of a protein.

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Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word extracellular (or sometimes extracellular space) means "outside the cell".

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gene nomenclature

Gene nomenclature is the scientific naming of genes, the units of heredity in living organisms.

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Gene product

A gene product is the biochemical material, either RNA or protein, resulting from expression of a gene.

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GoPubMed was a knowledge-based search engine for biomedical texts.

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Graph theory

In mathematics, graph theory is the study of graphs, which are mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects.

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House mouse

The house mouse (Mus musculus) is a small mammal of the order Rodentia, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail.

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Interferome is an online bioinformatics database of interferon-regulated genes (IRGs).

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Machine learning

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.

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Machine-readable data

Machine-readable data is data (or metadata) in a format that can be easily processed by a computer.

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Markup language

In computer text processing, a markup language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text.

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Model organism

A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.

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Model organism databases

Model organism databases (MODs) are biological databases, or knowledgebases, dedicated to the provision of in-depth biological data for intensively studied model organisms.

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Multicellular organism

Multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell, in contrast to unicellular organisms.

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National Center for Biomedical Ontology

The National Center for Biomedical Ontology (NCBO) is one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, and is funded by the NIH.

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Ontology (information science)

In computer science and information science, an ontology encompasses a representation, formal naming, and definition of the categories, properties, and relations of the concepts, data, and entities that substantiate one, many, or all domains.

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Open Biomedical Ontologies

Open Biomedical Ontologies (abbreviated OBO; formerly Open Biological Ontologies) is an effort to create controlled vocabularies for shared use across different biological and medical domains.

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Open-source software

Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.

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Organ (anatomy)

Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.

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In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.

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A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.

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Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast.

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Semantic reasoner

A semantic reasoner, reasoning engine, rules engine, or simply a reasoner, is a piece of software able to infer logical consequences from a set of asserted facts or axioms.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.

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Tissue (biology)

In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.

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Unicellular organism

A unicellular organism, also known as a single-celled organism, is an organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicellular organism that consists of more than one cell.

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Whole genome sequencing

Whole genome sequencing (also known as WGS, full genome sequencing, complete genome sequencing, or entire genome sequencing) is the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism's genome at a single time.

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Redirects here:

Amigo.geneontology.org, Gene Ontology, Gene Ontology Consortium, Geneontology.org, Protein Ontology, Protein ontology.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene_ontology

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