384 relations: Acadian (automobile), ACDelco, AeroVironment, Air conditioning, Al-Mansour Automotive, Alfred P. Sloan, Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, Allison Engine Company, Allison Transmission, Ally Financial, Alternative fuel vehicle, American Axle, Anna Sui, Apartheid, Aptiv, Asüna, ASOTRECOL, ASTM International, Atlantic Aircraft, Australia, Automobile (magazine), Automotive industry, Baojun, Bearing (mechanical), Beaumont (automobile), Bedford Vehicles, Bekasi, Biodiesel, Boeing, Brand architecture, Bugatti, Buick, Buick Excelle, Buick LaCrosse, Buick Regal, Buick Riviera, Burundi, BYD Auto, Cadillac, Cadillac STS, Cadillac V-Series, CAMI Automotive, Capital (economics), Car, Carol Stephenson, Cartercar, Chairman, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code, Charles F. Kettering, ..., Charles Stewart Mott, Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Chery, Chevrolet, Chevrolet Aveo, Chevrolet Bolt, Chevrolet Camaro, Chevrolet Chevette, Chevrolet Corvair, Chevrolet Corvette, Chevrolet Lumina, Chevrolet Malibu, Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Chevrolet Sales India, Chevrolet Spark, Chevrolet Tahoe, Chevrolet Volt, Chief executive officer, China, Chlorofluorocarbon, Cleveland, Cleveland Diesel Engine Division, CNNMoney, Commercial vehicle, Commonwealth of Independent States, Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act, Concept car, Congress of Industrial Organizations, ConocoPhillips, Corporate average fuel economy, Crucible Industries, Cummins, Daewoo Motors, Daimler AG, Dana Incorporated, David E. Davis, Dayton, Ohio, Delco Electronics, Detroit, Detroit Diesel, Development of electronics for GM auto racing, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Die (manufacturing), Diesel engine, Divestment, DMAX (engines), Dongfeng Motor Corporation, E85, EcoCAR, Edward T. Welburn, Egypt, Electric car, Electric vehicle, Electro-Motive Diesel, Electronic Data Systems, Elmore Manufacturing Company, Envoy (automobile), Ethanol fuel, Euclid Trucks, Expectation of privacy, FAW-GM, Fiat Automobiles, Finance, Flexible-fuel vehicle, Flint sit-down strike, Flint, Michigan, Ford Falcon (North America), Ford Motor Company, Fortune (magazine), Frank Murphy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frederic L. Smith, Frigidaire, Fuel cell, Gas turbine, Geely, General Dynamics, General Motors, General Motors Canada, General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization, General Motors Diesel Division, General Motors do Brasil, General Motors Egypt, General Motors EV1, General Motors Hy-wire, General Motors ignition switch recalls, General Motors India, General Motors South Africa, General Motors streetcar conspiracy, Geo (automobile), Germany, Ghabbour Group, Global Hybrid Cooperation, GM Certified Service, GM Colmotores, GM Components Holdings, GM Defense, GM Financial, GM Korea, GM Uzbekistan, GM Vietnam, GM-AvtoVAZ, GMC (automobile), Government of Venezuela, Groupe PSA, Hanoi, Hardenability, Harvard University endowment, Heat treating, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, History of General Motors, Holden, Holden Commodore, Holden New Zealand, Holden Special Vehicles, Holding company, Homer Martin (labor leader), HSV Dealer Team, Hughes Aircraft Company, Hughes Electronics, Hummer, HVAC, Hyatt Roller Bearing Company, Hybrid vehicle, Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines, IndyCar Series, Information technology, Initial public offering, Isuzu Motors, Isuzu Trucks South Africa, Ivey Business School, James Mulva, Jane Mendillo, John DeLorean, John L. Lewis, John Nance Garner, Joseph Jimenez, Kairouan, Kerosene, Knock-down kit, LA Auto Show, LaSalle (automobile), Lear Corporation, Lidar, List of automobile manufacturers, List of automobile manufacturers of the United States, List of General Motors factories, List of GM engines, List of GM platforms, List of GM transmissions, List of NASCAR Manufacturers' champions, List of rooftop photovoltaic installations, Local union, Lockheed Martin, Lotus Cars, Lunar Roving Vehicle, Luxembourg, Lyft, Maharashtra, Malawi, Mark of Excellence, Mark Reuss, Market share, Marquette (automobile), Mary Barra, Maven (car sharing), McClelland & Stewart, McLaughlin Motor Car Company, Mediation, Mercedes-Benz, Michael Mullen, Michigan, Mild hybrid, Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, Motor Coach Industries, Motors Liquidation Company, Multinational corporation, Muscle car, Nairobi, NASCAR, National City Lines, National Electric Vehicle Sweden, National Guard of the United States, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Neodymium magnet, New York Court of Appeals, New York International Auto Show, News Corporation, Nicole Miller, Niger, Nigeria, North American Aviation, Novartis, NUMMI, Oakland Motor Car Company, Oldsmobile, Oldsmobile Bravada, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Onex Corporation, OnStar, Opel, Opel Astra, Organizing (management), Orion Township, Michigan, Oshawa, Owosso, Michigan, Passport (automobile dealership), Patricia Russo, Penske Corporation, Personal Urban Mobility and Accessibility, Plug-in hybrid, Plymouth Valiant, Pontiac, Pontiac Grand Prix, Pontiac, Michigan, Porsche, PR Newswire, President (corporate title), President of the United States, Proxy fight, Public company, Put option, Puyi, Rainier Motor Car Company, Ralph Nader, Range extender (vehicle), Ranger (automobile), Rayong, Raytheon, Refrigeration, Remy International, Renaissance Center, Renault Dauphine, Research and development, Richard Tyler (designer), Robert McLaughlin (industrialist), Rolls-Royce North America, Russia, S&P 100, S&P 500 Index, Saab Automobile, Saehan Motors, Safe Kids Worldwide, Safety, SAIC Motor, SAIC-GM, SAIC-GM-Wuling, Samson Tractor, Samuel McLaughlin, San Francisco Chronicle, Saturn Corporation, Scripps-Booth, Segway Inc., Sheridan (automobile), Sitdown strike, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Sports Car Club of America, Spyker Cars, Spyker N.V., Starter (engine), Statesman (automobile), Strikebreaker, Subaru, Subaru Corporation, Subcompact car, Sunraycer, Supercars Championship, Suzuki, Swing axle, Talegaon Dhamdhere, Terex, Tesla, Inc., Tetraethyllead, Texas A&M University, Thailand, The Carlyle Group, The Nation, The Nature Conservancy, The New Republic, The New York Times, Thomas Schoewe, Tire, Todd Oldham, Tool and die strike of 1939, Tort, Toyota, Trade union, Tram, Transmission (mechanics), Troubled Asset Relief Program, Tunisia, Turbocharger, Two-stroke diesel engine, Uganda, United Automobile Workers, United Mine Workers, United States, United States Council for Automotive Research, United States dollar, Unsafe at Any Speed, Utilimaster Corporation, V6 engine, V8 engine, Valencia, Carabobo, Variable displacement, Vauxhall Motors, Verein Deutscher Ingenieure, VIA Motors, Vice President of the United States, Vietnam, Viking (automobile), Volkswagen, Volkswagen Beetle, Volkswagen Group, Walkinshaw Andretti United, Walmart, Walter Reuther, Warren, Michigan, West Java, White Sewing Machine Company, Who Killed the Electric Car?, William C. Durant, Windsor, Ontario, Winton Motor Carriage Company, World Solar Challenge, World Touring Car Championship, Wuling Motors, Wyndham Mortimer, Yanase (car dealership), Yellow Coach Manufacturing Company, 1973 oil crisis, 2007 General Motors strike, 24 Hours of Le Mans. Expand index (334 more) » « Shrink index
Acadian is a make of automobile produced by General Motors of Canada from 1962 to 1971.
ACDelco is an American automotive parts brand owned by General Motors (GM).
AeroVironment, Inc. is an American technology company in Monrovia, California, and Simi Valley, California, that is primarily involved in energy systems, electric vehicle systems, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.
The Al-Mansour Automotive Company (شركة المنصور للسيارات), part of the Mansour Group (مجموعة منصور), is an importer and car dealer located in Alexandria, Egypt.
Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr. (May 23, 1875–February 17, 1966) was an American business executive in the automotive industry.
The Auto Alliance is a trade group of automobile manufacturers that operate in the United States.
The Allison Engine Company was an American aircraft engine manufacturer.
Allison Transmission is an American manufacturer of commercial duty automatic transmissions and hybrid propulsion systems.
Ally Financial Inc. is a bank holding company organized in Delaware and headquartered in Detroit, Michigan.
An alternative fuel vehicle is a vehicle that runs on a fuel other than traditional petroleum fuels (petrol or Diesel fuel); and also refers to any technology of powering an engine that does not involve solely petroleum (e.g. electric car, hybrid electric vehicles, solar powered).
American Axle & Manufacturing, Inc. (AAM), headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, is a manufacturer of automobile driveline and drivetrain components and systems.
Anna Sui (Traditional Chinese: 蕭志美, Simplified: 萧志美, pinyin: Xiāo Zhìměi, Japanese: アナスイ) (born August 4, 1952) is an American fashion designer from Detroit.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
Aptiv PLC (stylised as •APTIV•, formerly known as Delphi Automotive PLC) is a global technology company headquartered in Dublin, Ireland.
Asüna was a captive import automobile marque created in 1992 for sale in Canada by General Motors as a counterpart to Geo.
The Association of Injured Workers and Ex-Workers of General Motors Colmotores (ASOTRECOL) is a Colombian association whose stated goal is to protect the rights of GM workers and ex-workers and to denounce rights abuses allegedly committed by GM in Colombia.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Atlantic Aircraft Corporation, also known as Fokker-America and Atlantic-Fokker, was a US subsidiary of the Dutch Fokker Company, responsible for sales and information about Fokker imports, and eventually constructing various Fokker designs.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Automobile is an American automobile magazine published by TEN: The Enthusiast Network.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Baojun is a Chinese automobile marque owned by a joint venture of General Motors and SAIC Motor, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile.
A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion to only the desired motion, and reduces friction between moving parts.
Beaumont was a make of intermediate-sized automobiles produced by General Motors of Canada from 1966 to 1969.
Bedford Vehicles, usually shortened to just Bedford, was a brand of vehicle produced by Vauxhall Motors, which was ultimately owned by General Motors (GM).
Bekasi City (Kota Bekasi, Sundanese:, Chinese: 勿加泗市) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta within the Jakarta metropolitan region.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
Brand architecture is the structure of brands within an organizational entity.
Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a French car manufacturer of high-performance automobiles, founded in 1909 in the then German city of Molsheim, Alsace by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti.
Buick, formally the Buick Motor Division, is an upscale automobile brand of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
The Buick Excelle is the common name for the compact cars marketed by Shanghai General Motors Company Limited under GM's Buick brand.
The Buick LaCrosse is a large/mid-size (full-size / executive since 2010) manufactured and marketed by Buick since 2004.
The Buick Regal is an upscale mid-sized automobile that was first introduced by Buick for the 1973 model year.
The Buick Riviera is a personal luxury car produced by Buick from 1963 to 1999.
Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi,; République du Burundi, or), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, and a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Company.
Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.
The Cadillac STS (Seville Touring Sedan) is a mid-sized luxury 4-door sedan manufactured and sold by General Motors from 2004 to 2011 for the 2005 to 2011 model years.
The Cadillac V-Series is a line of high-performance vehicles tuned by the General Motors Performance Division for the Cadillac division of General Motors.
CAMI Automotive is wholly owned by General Motors Canada.
In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carol Stephenson, OC is a Canadian business executive and the recently retired dean of the Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario.
The Cartercar was an American automobile manufactured in 1905 in Jackson, Michigan, in 1906 in Detroit, and from 1907 to 1915 in Pontiac, Michigan.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is, by U.S. law, the highest-ranking and senior-most military officer in the United States Armed Forces 10 USC 152.
Chapter 11 is a chapter of Title 11, the United States Bankruptcy Code, which permits reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States.
Charles Franklin Kettering (August 29, 1876 – November 25, 1958) sometimes known as Charles "Boss" Kettering was an American inventor, engineer, businessman, and the holder of 186 patents.
Charles Stewart Mott (June 2, 1875 – February 18, 1973) was an American businessman, a co-founder of General Motors, philanthropist and the 50th and 55th mayor of Flint, Michigan.
The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation is a Private foundation founded in 1926 by Charles Stewart Mott of Flint, Michigan.
Chery Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Chery and sometimes known by the pinyin transcription of its Chinese name, Qirui (奇瑞), is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
The Chevrolet Aveo is a subcompact car manufactured since 2002 (by Daewoo from 2002-11), marketed worldwide in 120 countries under seven brands (Chevrolet, Daewoo, Holden, Pontiac, Ravon, and Suzuki).
The Chevrolet Bolt or Chevrolet Bolt EV is a front-motor, five-door all-electric subcompact hatchback marketed by Chevrolet; developed and manufactured in partnership with LG Corporation.
The Chevrolet Camaro is an American automobile manufactured by Chevrolet, classified as a pony car and some versions also as a muscle car.
The Chevrolet Chevette is a front-engine, rear-drive subcompact car manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet for the model years 1976-1987 in three-door and five-door hatchback body styles.
The Chevrolet Corvair is a compact car manufactured by Chevrolet for model years 1960–1969.
The Chevrolet Corvette, known colloquially as the Vette or Chevy Corvette, is a sports car manufactured by Chevrolet.
The Chevrolet Lumina is a name used on many vehicles produced by Chevrolet.
The Chevrolet Malibu is a mid-size car manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet from 1964 to 1983 and since 1997.
The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is a two-door coupe manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet from 1970 to 2007 model years (non-continuously), encompassing six generations.
Chevrolet Sales India Pvt Ltd was a division of General Motors India Private Limited which in turn was a joint venture of General Motors of the United States.
The Chevrolet Spark is a city car produced by GM Korea, originally marketed prominently as the Daewoo Matiz.
The Chevrolet Tahoe (and its rebadged version GMC Yukon) is a full-size SUV from General Motors.
The Chevrolet Volt is a plug-in hybrid car manufactured by General Motors, also marketed in rebadged variants as the Buick Velite 5 in China, Holden Volt in Australia and New Zealand, and with a different fascia as the Vauxhall Ampera in the United Kingdom and as the Opel Ampera in the remainder of Europe.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are fully halogenated paraffin hydrocarbons that contain only carbon (С), chlorine (Cl), and fluorine (F), produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and propane.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The Cleveland Diesel Engine Division of General Motors (GM) was a leading research, design and production facility of diesel engines from the 1930s to the 1960s that was based in Cleveland, Ohio.
CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.
A commercial vehicle is any type of motor vehicle used for transporting goods or paying passengers.
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; r), also nicknamed the Russian Commonwealth (in order to distinguish it from the Commonwealth of Nations), is a political and economic intergovernmental organization of nine member states and one associate member, all of which are former Soviet Republics located in Eurasia (primarily in Central to North Asia), formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 was a law enacted by the United States Congress.
A concept car (also known for as concept vehicle, show vehicle or prototype) is a car made to showcase new styling and/or new technology.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955.
ConocoPhillips Company is an American multinational energy corporation with its headquarters located in the Energy Corridor district of Houston, Texas in the United States.
The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are regulations in the United States, first enacted by the United States Congress in 1975, after the 1973–74 Arab Oil Embargo, to improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) produced for sale in the United States.
Crucible Industries, commonly known as Crucible, is an American company which develops and manufactures specialty steels and is the sole producer of Crucible Particle Metallurgy (CPM) steels.
Cummins Inc. is an American Fortune 500 corporation that designs, manufactures, and distributes engines, filtration, and power generation products.
Daewoo Motors was a South Korean automotive company established in 1982, part of the Daewoo Group.
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation.
Dana Incorporated is an American worldwide supplier of drivetrain, sealing, and thermal-management technologies.
David Evan Davis, Jr. (November 7, 1930 – March 27, 2011) was an American automotive journalist and magazine publisher widely known as a contributing writer, editor and publisher at Car and Driver magazine and as the founder of Automobile magazine.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Delco Electronics Corporation was the automotive electronics design and manufacturing subsidiary of General Motors based in Kokomo, Indiana, that manufactured Delco radios and other electric products found in GM cars.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is an American diesel engine manufacturer headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, United States and a subsidiary of Daimler Trucks North America, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG.
In 1986, the GM Motorsports group asked Delco Electronics Corporation (December), a subsidiary of GM Hughes Electronics (headquarters – Kokomo, Indiana) if an electronic engine management system could be developed for the Chevy Indy V8 engines used in the CART open-wheel race series.
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) is a colorless gas usually sold under the brand name Freon-12, and a chlorofluorocarbon halomethane (CFC) used as a refrigerant and aerosol spray propellant.
A die is a specialized tool used in manufacturing industries to cut or shape material mostly using a press.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm.
DMAX of Moraine, Ohio, is a manufacturer of diesel engines for trucks.
Dongfeng Motor Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan, China.
E85 is an abbreviation typically referring to an ethanol fuel blend of 85% ethanol fuel and 15% gasoline or other hydrocarbon by volume.
EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge is a three-year competition that builds on the 19-year history of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) advanced vehicle technology competitions by giving engineering students the chance to design and build advanced vehicles that demonstrate leading-edge automotive technologies, with the goal of minimizing the environmental impact of personal transportation and illustrating pathways to a sustainable transportation future.
Edward T. Welburn (born December 14, 1950) is an automobile designer and General Motors' Vice President of Global Design from 2003 to 2016.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
An electric car is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.
Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) is an American manufacturer of diesel-electric locomotives, locomotive products and diesel engines for the rail industry.
Electronic Data Systems (EDS) was an American multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Plano, Texas.
Elmore Manufacturing Company was a manufacturer of veteran and brass era automobiles and bicycles (1893–97), headquartered at 504 Amanda Street, Clyde, Ohio, from 1893 until 1912.
Envoy was an automobile brand created by General Motors of Canada and used to sell badge engineered British built Vauxhall and Bedford vehicles on the Canadian market from 1959 to 1970.
Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel.
The Euclid Company of Ohio was a company specialized in heavy equipment for earthmoving, namely dump trucks and wheel tractor-scrapers, that operated from the United States of America from the 1920s to the 1950s, then it was purchased and converted into a section of General Motors and later on by Hitachi Construction Machinery.
Expectation of privacy is a legal test which is crucial in defining the scope of the applicability of the privacy protections of the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle (FAW-GM) is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, China, and a 50:50 joint venture between FAW Group and General Motors.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
A flexible-fuel vehicle (FFV) or dual-fuel vehicle (colloquially called a flex-fuel vehicle) is an alternative fuel vehicle with an internal combustion engine designed to run on more than one fuel, usually gasoline blended with either ethanol or methanol fuel, and both fuels are stored in the same common tank.
The 1936–1937 Flint sit-down strike against General Motors (also known as the General Motors sit-down strike, the great GM sit-down strike, and other variants) changed the United Automobile Workers (UAW) from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major labor union and led to the unionization of the domestic United States automobile industry.
Flint is the largest city and county seat of Genesee County, Michigan, United States.
The Ford Falcon was an automobile which was produced by the Ford from 1960 to 1970 across three generations.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Fortune is an American multinational business magazine headquartered in New York City, United States.
William Francis "Frank" Murphy (April 13, 1890July 19, 1949) was a Democratic politician and jurist from Michigan.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frederic Latta Smith (February 6, 1870 – August 6, 1954) was an American football player and pioneer of the automobile business.
Frigidaire is the US consumer and commercial home appliances brand subsidiary of European parent company Electrolux.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Geely (officially Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., Ltd) is a Chinese multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Hangzhou, Zhejiang.
General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
General Motors of Canada Company (French: la Compagnie General Motors du Canada), or simply GM Canada, is the Canadian subsidiary of General Motors.
The 2009 General Motors Chapter 11 sale of the assets of automobile manufacturer General Motors and some of its subsidiaries was implemented through Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code in the United States bankruptcy court for the Southern District of New York.
General Motors Diesel Division (GMDD) was a marketing and customer service unit of General Motors founded in 1938.
General Motors do Brasil is the largest subsidiary of the General Motors in South America and the second largest operation outside the United States.
General Motors Egypt S.A.E. (جنرال موتورز مصر, or short GME) is a car and motor vehicle manufacturer based in Maadi, Cairo, Egypt.
The General Motors EV1 was an electric car produced and leased by General Motors from 1996 to 1999.
The Hy-wire (Hydrogen drive-by-wire) is a concept car from General Motors originally introduced in January 2002.
On February 6, 2014, General Motors (GM) recalled about 800,000 of its small cars due to faulty ignition switches, which could shut off the engine during driving and thereby prevent the airbags from inflating.
General Motors India Private Limited is a partnership between General Motors and SAIC that is engaged in the automobile business in India.
General Motors South Africa, or GMSA, is a wholly owned subsidiary of American automobile manufacturer General Motors.
The General Motors streetcar conspiracy refers to convictions of General Motors (GM) and other companies for monopolizing the sale of buses and supplies to National City Lines (NCL) and its subsidiaries, and to allegations that this was part of a deliberate plot to purchase and dismantle streetcar systems in many cities in the United States as an attempt to monopolize surface transportation.
Geo was a marque of small cars and SUVs marketed by General Motors as a subdivision of its Chevrolet division from 1989 to 1997.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Ghabbour Group is an Egyptian manufacturer of automobiles, buses, trucks and motorcycles located in Cairo.
Global Hybrid Cooperation (formerly called Advanced Hybrid System 2 or AHS2) is a set of hybrid vehicle technologies jointly developed by General Motors, Daimler, and Chrysler LLC, with BMW joining in 2005.
GM Certified Service is an auto repair service for General Motors.
GM Colmotores is a car company based in Bogotá, Colombia.
GM Components Holdings is an automotive components producer and distributor based in the United States.
GM Defense was the military products division of General Motors founded in 1950.
General Motors Financial Company, Inc. is the financial services arm of General Motors.
GM Korea CompanyFormerly GM Daewoo Auto & Technology. (한국지엠주식회사,Also spelled as 한국GM주식회사.) is South Korea's third largest automobile manufacturer and a subsidiary of General Motors.
GM Uzbekistan (JM O‘zbekiston, ЖМ Ўзбекистон; Джи Эм Узбекистан) is a joint venture between the Uzbek government, OJSC UzAvtosanoat (75%) and the American General Motors Company (25%) for the manufacturing of automobiles, and is located in Asaka, Uzbekistan.
General Motors Vietnam Company, Ltd. (formerly Vietnam-Daewoo Motor Company Limited or VIDAMCO) is an automobile manufacturer based in Vietnam and a member of GM Southeast Asia Operations.
GM-AvtoVAZ is a joint venture in Russia between General Motors and AvtoVAZ set up in 2001 and began producing the Chevrolet Niva, based on the Lada Niva, at its factory in Tolyatti from 2002.
GMC (General Motors Truck Company), formally the GMC Division of General Motors LLC, is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM) that primarily focuses on trucks and utility vehicles.
Venezuela is a federal presidential republic.
Groupe PSA (informally PSA; PSA Group in English; formerly known as PSA Peugeot Citroën from 1991 to 2016) is a French multinational manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles sold under the Peugeot, Citroën, DS, Opel and Vauxhall brands.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth up to which a material is hardened after putting through a heat treatment process.
Harvard University's endowment (valued at $37.1 billion) is the largest academic endowment in the world.
Heat treating (or heat treatment) is a group of industrial and metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical, properties of a material.
Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company (commonly referred to as HPE) is an American multinational enterprise information technology company based in Palo Alto, California, founded on 1 November 2015 as part of splitting of the Hewlett-Packard company.
The history of General Motors (GM), one of the world's largest car and truck manufacturers, reaches back more than a century and involves a vast scope of industrial activity around the world, mostly focused on motorized transportation and the engineering and manufacturing that make it possible.
Holden, formally known as General Motors Holden, is an Australian automobile importer and a former automobile manufacturer with its headquarters in Port Melbourne, Victoria.
The Holden Commodore is a medium to large sedan sold by Holden since 1978.
Holden New Zealand Limited, named until 1994 General Motors New Zealand Limited, is a subsidiary of General Motors of Detroit and distributes General Motors' motor vehicles, engines, components and parts in New Zealand.
Holden Special Vehicles (HSV) is the officially designated performance vehicle partner of Australian marque, Holden.
A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock.
Homer Martin (September 16, 1901 in Illinois – January 22, 1968) was an American trade unionist and socialist.
The HSV Dealer Team, previously known as the K-Mart Racing Team, was an Australian V8 Supercar team.
The Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Glendale, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company.
Hughes Electronics Corporation was formed in 1985 when Hughes Aircraft was sold by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to General Motors for $5 billion.
Hummer was a brand of trucks and SUVs, first marketed in 1992 when AM General began selling a civilian version of the M998 Humvee.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort.
Hyatt Roller Bearing Company was a manufacturer of roller bearings from 1892 to 1916, when it was acquired by General Motors.
A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power, such as internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, e.g. in diesel-electric trains using diesel engines to drive an electric generator that powers an electric motor, and submarines that use diesels when surfaced and batteries when submerged.
The Industries Mécaniques Maghrébines S.A. (IMM) are a Tunisian car manufacturer headquartered in the city of Kairouan.
The IndyCar Series, currently known as the Verizon IndyCar Series for title sponsorship reasons, is the premier level of open-wheel racing in North America.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.
, trading as Isuzu, is a Japanese commercial vehicle and diesel engine manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo.
Isuzu Truck South Africa (Pty.) Ltd. is an automobile manufacturer with headquarters in Sandton (Johannesburg), South Africa.
Ivey Business School, commonly shortened to Ivey, is the business school of the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada.
James J. Mulva (born 1946) is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of ConocoPhillips.
Jane L. Mendillo is an American investor, endowment fund manager, and philanthropist.
John Zachary DeLorean (January 6, 1925 – March 19, 2005) was an American engineer, inventor and executive in the U.S. automobile industry, widely known for his work at General Motors and as founder of the DeLorean Motor Company.
John Llewellyn Lewis (February 12, 1880 – June 11, 1969) was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW) from 1920 to 1960.
John Nance Garner III (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967), known among his contemporaries as "Cactus Jack", was an American Democratic politician and lawyer from Texas.
Joseph Jimenez is the former CEO of the Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis.
Kairouan (القيروان, also known as al-Qayrawan), is the capital of the Kairouan Governorate in Tunisia.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.
A knock-down kit is a kit containing the parts needed to assemble a product.
The Los Angeles Auto Show is an annual auto show held at the Los Angeles Convention Center in early December.
LaSalle was an American brand of luxury automobiles manufactured and marketed by General Motors' Cadillac division from 1927 through 1940.
Lear Corporation headquartered in Southfield, Michigan, United States of America, is a Fortune 500 company, engaged in the business of manufacturing and distribution of automotive seating and electrical distribution systems.
Lidar (also called LIDAR, LiDAR, and LADAR) is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor.
This is a list of notable automobile manufacturers with articles on Wikipedia.
This is a list of current automobile manufacturers of the United States.
This is a list of General Motors factories that are being or have been used to produce automobiles and automobile components.
This is a list of engines either produced by General Motors or used in its products.
This List of GM platforms contains automobile platform used both at present and historically by General Motors.
General Motors is an innovator of automatic transmissions, introducing the Hydra-Matic in 1940.
The NASCAR Manufacturers' Championship is awarded by NASCAR to the most successful manufacturer over a season, as determined by a points system based on race results.
This page lists large-scale rooftop photovoltaic installation projects.
A local union (often shortened to local), in North America, or union branch (known as a lodge in some unions), in the United Kingdom and other countries, is a local branch (or chapter) of a usually national trade union.
Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security and advanced technologies company with worldwide interests.
Lotus Cars is a British automotive company that manufactures sports cars and racing cars in its headquarters in Hethel, United Kingdom.
The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) or lunar rover is a battery-powered four-wheeled rover used on the Moon in the last three missions of the American Apollo program (15, 16, and 17) during 1971 and 1972.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Lyft is an on-demand transportation company based in San Francisco, California.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Malawi (or; or maláwi), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.
The Mark of Excellence is an original copyrighted trademark penned by General Motors Corporation first introduced at GM's pavilion at the 1964 New York World's Fair, the logo originally included the phrase "Mark of Excellence" at the bottom, and as a decal, it was installed on the doorjambs of General Motors' vehicles beginning in 1966.
Mark L. Reuss is the current Executive Vice President of Global Product Development, Purchasing and Supply Chain at General Motors.
Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.
Marquette was a brand used on several different automobiles, most recently on Buick's companion make.
Mary Teresa Barra (née Makela; born December 24, 1961) is the Chairman and CEO of General Motors Company.
Maven is a carsharing service announced by General Motors in January 2016.
McClelland & Stewart Limited is a Canadian publishing company.
The McLaughlin Motor Car Company Limited was a Canadian manufacturer of automobiles headquartered in Oshawa, Ontario.
Mediation is a dynamic, structured, interactive process where a neutral third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
Michael Glenn Mullen, AO, MSC (born October 4, 1946) is a retired United States Navy admiral, who served as the 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 1, 2007, to September 30, 2011.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Mild hybrids are generally internal combustion engines equipped with an electric machine (one motor/generator in a parallel hybrid configuration) allowing the engine to be turned off whenever the car is coasting, braking, or stopped, yet restart quickly.
The Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (often shortened to the Cup Series) is the top racing series of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR).
Motor Coach Industries (MCI) is a brand of motorcoaches manufactured by New Flyer Industries, a North American bus manufacturer based in Canada.
Motors Liquidation Company (MLC), formerly General Motors Corporation, was the company left to settle past liability claims from Chapter 11 reorganization of American car manufacturer General Motors.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Muscle car is an American term used to refer to a variety of high-performance automobiles.
Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya.
National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is an American auto racing sanctioning and operating company that is best known for stock-car racing.
National City Lines, Inc. (NCL) was a public transportation company.
National Electric Vehicle Sweden AB, abbreviated as NEVS, is a Swedish holding company that has acquired the assets of Saab from a bankruptcy estate in 2012.
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, pronounced "NITS-uh") is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, part of the Department of Transportation.
A neodymium magnet (also known as NdFeB, NIB or Neo magnet), the most widely used type of rare-earth magnet, is a permanent magnet made from an alloy of neodymium, iron and boron to form the Nd2Fe14B tetragonal crystalline structure.
The New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the U.S. state of New York.
The New York International Auto Show is an annual auto show that is held in Manhattan in late March or early April.
The original News Corporation or News Corp. was an American multinational mass media corporation headquartered in New York City.
Nicole Miller (born 1952) is an American fashion designer and businesswoman.
Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland.
New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. (NUMMI) was an automobile manufacturing company in Fremont, California, jointly owned by General Motors and Toyota that opened in 1984 and closed in 2010.
The Oakland Motor Car Company of Pontiac, Michigan, was an American automobile manufacturer and division of General Motors.
Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors.
The Oldsmobile Bravada was a mid-size SUV made by General Motors.
The Oldsmobile Cutlass was a marque of automobiles produced by General Motors' Oldsmobile division between 1961 and 1999.
Onex Corporation is a private equity investment firm and holding company based in Toronto, Ontario.
OnStar Corporation is a subsidiary of General Motors that provides subscription-based communications, in-vehicle security, emergency services, hands-free calling, turn-by-turn navigation, and remote diagnostics systems throughout the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, Europe, Brazil, and Argentina.
Opel (Opel) is a German automobile manufacturer, subsidiary of French automaker Groupe PSA since August 2017.
The Opel Astra (Lat: Stars) is a compact car/small family car (C-segment in Europe) engineered and manufactured by the German automaker Opel since 1991.
Organizing is a systematic process of structuring, integrating, co-ordinating task goals, and activities to resources in order to attain objectives.
Orion Charter Township is a charter township of Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Oshawa (2016 population 159,458; CMA 379,848) is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline.
Owosso is a city in Shiawassee County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Passport was a Canadian car dealership network owned by General Motors.
Patricia F. Russo (born June 12, 1952, in Trenton, New Jersey is an American businessperson. Russo is most widely known for having served as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Lucent Technologies, and its successor, Alcatel-Lucent, a large communications equipment manufacturer. She currently serves on the Board of Directors of General Motors, Merck & Co., and Arconic, Inc. She serves as Chairwoman of the nonprofit organization, Partnership at Drugfree.org. Prior to the split of Hewlett-Packard into two companies in 2015, Russo served as Lead Independent Director. She now serves as Chairwoman of Hewlett Packard Enterprise. Forbes Magazine rated Russo as 10th on its List of the World's 100 Most Powerful Women in 2006., from the 2006 Forbes "List of the 100 Most Powerful Women".
Penske Corporation is an American diversified transportation services company based in Bloomfield Township, Oakland County, Michigan.
The Personal Urban Mobility and Accessibility (PUMA) is an experimental electrically powered road vehicle created by Segway and adopted by General Motors as a concept vehicle representing the future of urban transportation.
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is a hybrid electric vehicle whose battery can be recharged by plugging it in to an external source of electric power as well by its on-board engine and generator.
The Plymouth Valiant (first appearing in 1960 as simply the Valiant) is an automobile which was manufactured by the Plymouth division of the Chrysler Corporation in the United States from 1960 to 1976.
Pontiac is a now-defunct car brand that was owned, made, and sold by General Motors.
The Grand Prix was a line of all terrain automobiles produced by the Pontiac Division of General Motors from 1962 through 2002 for coupes and 1988-2008 for sedans.
Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located in Metro Detroit.
PR Newswire is a distributor of press releases based in New York City.
The President is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
A proxy fight, proxy contest or proxy battle, sometimes also called a proxy war, is an unfriendly contest for the control over an organization.
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.
In finance, a put or put option is a stock market device which gives the owner of a put the right, but not the obligation, to sell an asset (the underlying), at a specified price (the strike), by a predetermined date (the expiry or maturity) to a given party (the seller of the put).
Puyi or Pu Yi (7 February 190617 October 1967), of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, was the last Emperor of China and the twelfth and final ruler of the Qing dynasty.
Rainier Motor Car Company was an American automobile manufacturer founded in 1905 by John T. Rainier in Flushing, New York.
Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American political activist, author, lecturer, and attorney, noted for his involvement in consumer protection, environmentalism and government reform causes.
A range extender vehicle is a battery electric vehicle that includes an auxiliary power unit (APU) known as a 'range extender'.
The Ranger was a General Motors car brand which lasted from 1968 to 1978.
Rayong (ระยอง) is a city (thesaban nakhon) on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand aqnd the capital city of Rayong Province.
The Raytheon Company is a major U.S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
Remy International, Inc. (formerly Delco Remy) headquartered in Pendleton, Indiana is an American manufacturer, remanufacturer, and distributor of light duty starters, alternators, hybrid power technology, and Delco Remy brand heavy duty systems.
The Renaissance Center (also known as the GM Renaissance Center and nicknamed the RenCen) is a group of seven interconnected skyscrapers in Downtown Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Renault Dauphine is a rear-engined economy car manufactured by Renault in a single body style – a three-box, 4-door saloon – as the successor to the Renault 4CV; more than two million were manufactured during its 1956-1967 production.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Richard Tyler (born 1947) is a fashion designer.
Robert McLaughlin (November 16, 1836 – November 23, 1921) was a Canadian industrialist and businessman.
Rolls-Royce North America, Inc. is a subsidiary of Rolls-Royce plc involved principally with providing management direction and corporate support for all Rolls-Royce businesses and operations in North America, encompassing more than 7,000 employees at 66 locations across the U.S. and Canada.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The S&P 100 Index is a stock market index of United States stocks maintained by Standard & Poor's.
The Standard & Poor's 500, often abbreviated as the S&P 500, or just the S&P, is an American stock market index based on the market capitalizations of 500 large companies having common stock listed on the NYSE or NASDAQ.
Saab Automobile AB was a manufacturer of automobiles that was founded in Sweden in 1945 when its parent company, SAAB AB, began a project to design a small automobile.
The Saehan Motor Company was a South-Korean car maker founded in 1976, which was born on the collaboration of Shinjin Industrial Company and the will of General Motors to introduce their products on the South Korean market.
Safe Kids Worldwide (formerly Safe Kids USA) is a global non-profit organization working to prevent childhood injury through research, community outreach, legislative advocacy and media awareness campaigns.
Safety is the state of being "safe" (from French sauf), the condition of being protected from harm or other non-desirable outcomes.
SAIC Motor Corporation Limited (SAIC, formerly Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation) is a Chinese state-owned automotive design and manufacturing company headquartered in Shanghai, China, with multinational operations.
SAIC General Motors Corporation Limited (More commonly known as SAIC-GM;; formerly known as Shanghai General Motors Company Ltd, Shanghai GM) is a joint venture between General Motors Company and SAIC Motor that manufactures and sells Chevrolet, Buick, and Cadillac brand automobiles in mainland China.
SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile (上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 and abbreviated as SGMW) is a joint venture between SAIC Motor, General Motors, and Liuzhou Wuling Motors Co Ltd. Based in Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southwestern China, it makes commercial and consumer vehicles sold in China under the Wuling and Baojun marques, respectively.
Samson Tractor was an American brand of tractors 1900 to 1923, of trucks from 1920 to 1923, and a General Motors brand from 1917 to 1923.
Colonel Robert Samuel McLaughlin, CC, ED, CD (September 8, 1871 – January 6, 1972) was a Canadian businessman and philanthropist.
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
The Saturn Corporation, also known as Saturn LLC, was an American automobile manufacturer, a registered trademark established on January 7, 1985, as a subsidiary of General Motors.
Scripps-Booth was a United States automobile company based in Detroit, Michigan, which produced motor vehicles from 1913 through 1923.
Segway Inc. is the manufacturer of the two-wheeled, self-balancing Segway PT, the Segway miniPro and other personal transporters.
The Sheridan was a brand of American automobile manufactured from 1920 to 1921.
A sit-down strike is a labor strike and a form of civil disobedience in which an organized group of workers, usually employed at factories or other centralized locations, take unauthorized or illegal possession of the workplace by "sitting down" at their stations.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) is an American automobile club and sanctioning body supporting road racing, rallying, and autocross in the United States.
Spyker Cars is a Dutch sports car marque.
Spyker N.V. (formerly known as Spyker Cars N.V. and Swedish Automobile N.V.) is a Dutch-based automobile company that produces high-end sports cars.
A starter (also self-starter, self, cranking motor, or starter motor) is a device used to rotate (crank) an internal-combustion engine so as to initiate the engine's operation under its own power.
Statesman was an automotive marque created in 1971 by Holden and sold in Australasia.
A strikebreaker (sometimes derogatorily called a scab, blackleg, or knobstick) is a person who works despite an ongoing strike.
(or) is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries), the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
, formerly known as (FHI), is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily involved in aerospace and ground transportation manufacturing, known for its line of Subaru automobiles.
A subcompact car is the American term for an automobile with a class size smaller than a compact car usually not exceeding in length, but larger than a microcar.
The Sunraycer was a solar powered race car designed to compete in the world's first race featuring solar-powered cars.
The Supercars Championship (known as the Virgin Australia Supercars Championship for sponsorship purposes) is a touring car racing category based in Australia and run as an International Series under Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) regulations.
is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, that manufactures automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines.
A swing axle is a simple type of independent (rear wheel) suspension designed and patented by Edmund Rumpler in 1903.
Talegaon Dhamdhere is a panchayat village in the state of Maharashtra, India,2001 Census Village code for Talegaon Dhamdhere.
Terex Corporation is an American worldwide manufacturer of lifting and material handling solutions for a variety of industries, including construction, infrastructure, quarrying, recycling, energy, mining, shipping, transportation, refining and utilities.
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) was founded in 2003, and is an American multinational corporation based in Palo Alto, California, that specializes in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery energy storage and solar panel manufacturing (through the subsidiary company SolarCity).
Tetraethyllead (commonly styled tetraethyl lead), abbreviated TEL, is an organolead compound with the formula (CH3CH2)4Pb.
Texas A&M University (Texas A&M or A&M) is a coeducational public research university in College Station, Texas, United States.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Carlyle Group is an American multinational private equity, alternative asset management and financial services corporation.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The Nature Conservancy is a charitable environmental organization, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, United States.
The New Republic is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thomas M. Schoewe (born 1952) was the chief financial officer and executive vice president of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. until January 2011.
A tire (American English) or tyre (British English; see spelling differences) is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface traveled over.
Todd Oldham (born October 22, 1961) is an American-born designer and president of L-7 Designs Inc.
The tool and die strike of 1939, also known as the "strategy strike", was an ultimately successful attempt by the United Auto Workers Union (UAW) to be recognized as the sole representative for General Motors workers.
A tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong that causes a claimant to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) is a program of the United States government to purchase toxic assets and equity from financial institutions to strengthen its financial sector that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 3, 2008.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
A two-stroke diesel engine is a diesel engine that works in two strokes.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Automobile Workers (UAW), is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada.
The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United States Council for Automotive Research LLC (USCAR) is an umbrella organization for collaborative research that comprises Chrysler Group LLC, Ford Motor Company and General Motors.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile by Ralph Nader, published in 1965, is a book accusing car manufacturers of resistance to the introduction of safety features such as seat belts, and their general reluctance to spend money on improving safety.
Utilimaster Corporation is an American company that makes walk-in vans (also known as step vans), parcel delivery vans (PDVs) and truck bodies.
A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders mounted on the crankshaft in two banks of three cylinders, usually set at either a 60 or 90 degree angle to each other.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
Valencia is the capital city of Carabobo State, and the third largest city in Venezuela.
Variable displacement is an automobile engine technology that allows the engine displacement to change, usually by deactivating cylinders, for improved fuel economy.
Vauxhall Motors LimitedCompany No.
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) (English: Association of German Engineers) is an organization with over 150,000 engineers and natural scientists.
VIA Motors is an American electric vehicle development and manufacturing company.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Viking was an automobile manufactured by General Motors' Oldsmobile division, in Lansing, Michigan, for model years 1929 to 1931 and used the GM B platform.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
The Volkswagen Beetle – officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Käfer (literally "beetle"), in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many other nicknames in other languages – is a two-door, rear-engine economy car, intended for five passengers, that was manufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003.
Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
Walkinshaw Andretti United is an Australian motor racing team based in the Melbourne suburb of Clayton.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Walter Philip Reuther (September 1, 1907 – May 9, 1970) was an American leader of organized labor and civil rights activist who built the United Automobile Workers (UAW) into one of the most progressive labor unions in American history.
Warren is a city in Macomb County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
West Java (Jawa Barat, abbreviated as Jabar; Sundanese: Jawa Kulon) is a province of Indonesia.
The White Sewing Machine Company was a sewing machine company founded in 1858 in Templeton, Massachusetts by Thomas H. White and based in Cleveland, Ohio since 1866.
Who Killed the Electric Car? is a 2006 documentary film that explores the creation, limited commercialization, and subsequent destruction of the battery electric vehicle in the United States, specifically the General Motors EV1 of the mid-1990s.
William Crapo "Billy" Durant (December 8, 1861 – March 18, 1947) was a leading pioneer of the United States automobile industry, who created the system of multi-brand holding companies with different lines of cars; and the co-founder of General Motors with Frederic L. Smith, and of Chevrolet with Louis Chevrolet.
Windsor is a city in Ontario and the southernmost city in Canada.
The Winton Motor Carriage Company was a pioneer United States automobile manufacturer based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The World Solar Challenge or the Bridgestone World Solar Challenge since 2013 due to the sponsorship of Bridgestone Corporation is a biennial solar-powered car race which covers through the Australian Outback, from Darwin, Northern Territory to Adelaide, South Australia.
The FIA World Touring Car Championship was an international touring car championship promoted by Eurosport Events and sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
Liuzhou Wuling Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. was established 2007 in Liuzhou, Guangxi, China as a joint-venture of Wuling Group and Dragon Hill Holdings Limited (HK0305).
Wyndham Mortimer (March 11, 1884 – August 25, 1966) was an American trade union organizer and functionary active in the United Auto Workers union (UAW).
is a retailer of new European and North American vehicles and used cars in Japan.
The Yellow Coach Manufacturing Company (informally Yellow Coach) was an early manufacturer of passenger buses in the United States.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 2007 General Motors strike was a strike from September 24 to 26, 2007, by the United Auto Workers against General Motors.
The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the world's oldest active sports car race in endurance racing, held annually since near the town of Le Mans, France.
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