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Genetic testing

Index Genetic testing

Genetic testing, also known as DNA testing, allows the determination of bloodlines and the genetic diagnosis of vulnerabilities to inherited diseases. [1]

146 relations: Abortion, Advertising slogan, African iron overload, Agriculture, Alaska Natives, Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, American Academy of Actuaries, American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, Amniotic fluid, Ancestor, Ancestry.com, Anesthetic, Anime, Apolipoprotein E, Becker's muscular dystrophy, Beta thalassemia, Biochemistry, Birth defect, Blood, Blood lancet, BRCA mutation, BRCA1, Breast cancer, Buccal swab, Butyrylcholinesterase, Cancer, Carrier testing, Cell-free fetal DNA, Chromosome, Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, Cocaine, Crohn's disease, Cystic fibrosis, Direct-to-consumer advertising, Disease, Dismissal (employment), DNA, DNA paternity testing, DNA profiling, DNA sequencing, Down syndrome, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Elective genetic and genomic testing, Eugenics, Exome sequencing, Factor V Leiden, Familial hypercholesterolemia, Fanconi anemia, Fetus, ..., Food and Drug Administration, Fragile X syndrome, Friedreich's ataxia, Gattaca, Genealogical DNA test, Genealogy, Genetic counseling, Genetic discrimination, Genetic disorder, Genetic genealogy, Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, Genetic predisposition, Genetic privacy, Genetics, Genographic Project, Genotype, George W. Bush, Hair, Halloween: The Curse of Michael Myers, Health professional, Hearing loss, Heredity, Heroin, HFE hereditary haemochromatosis, Hirschsprung's disease, Histocompatibility, Homocysteine, Human embryogenesis, Huntington's disease, Hyperhomocysteinemia, Hypothyroidism, In vitro fertilisation, Infant, Information privacy, Informed consent, Iron overload, Kaiser Family Foundation, Karyotype, Lactose intolerance, Law of Return, List of genetic disorders, List of genetic genealogy topics, Medical diagnosis, Medical genetics, Medical procedure, Medical test, Mental disorder, Metabolite, Mivacurium chloride, Mobile Suit Gundam SEED, Mouthwash, Multiple endocrine neoplasia, Mutation, Myotonic dystrophy, Newborn screening, Next (novel), Non-paternity event, Ovarian cancer, Pediatrics, Percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling, Persian Jews, Person, Personalized medicine, Pharmacogenetics, Pharmacogenomics, Phenotype, Phenylketonuria, Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, Population ecology, Population genetics, Predictive testing, Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, Prenatal testing, Procaine, Progeny testing, Promotion (rank), Prostate cancer, Pseudocholinesterase deficiency, Psychosocial, Recruitment, Resident Evil (film), Science fiction film, Screening (medicine), Search warrant, Selective breeding, Sickle cell disease, Skin, Suxamethonium chloride, Tay–Sachs disease, The Island (2005 film), The New York Times, Thrombin, Thyroid, United States Senate, Variegate porphyria, Whole genome sequencing. Expand index (96 more) »


Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.

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Advertising slogan

Advertising slogans are short phrases used in advertising campaigns to generate publicity and unify a company’s marketing strategy.

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African iron overload

African iron overload, also known as (Bantu siderosis, or Dietary iron overload), is an iron overload disorder first observed among people of African descent in Southern Africa and Central Africa.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Alaska Natives

Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples of Alaska, United States and include: Iñupiat, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and a number of Northern Athabaskan cultures.

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Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1AD or AATD) is a genetic disorder that may result in lung disease or liver disease.

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American Academy of Actuaries

The American Academy of Actuaries, also known as the “Academy” or the AAA, is the body that represents and unites United States actuaries in all practice areas.

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American Academy of Pediatrics

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an American professional association of pediatricians, headquartered in Itasca, Illinois.

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American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) is an organization composed of biochemical, clinical, cytogenetic, medical and molecular geneticists, genetic counselors and other health care professionals committed to the practice of medical genetics.

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Amniotic fluid

The amniotic fluid is the protective liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a gravid Amniote.

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An ancestor is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an antecedent (i.e., a grandparent, great-grandparent, great-great-grandparent, and so forth).

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Ancestry.com LLC is a privately held online company based in Lehi, Utah.

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An anesthetic (or anaesthetic) is a drug to prevent pain during surgery, completely blocking any feeling as opposed to an analgesic.

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Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.

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Apolipoprotein E

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a class of proteins involved in the metabolism of fats in the body.

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Becker's muscular dystrophy

Becker muscular dystrophy is an X-linked recessive inherited disorder characterized by slowly progressing muscle weakness of the legs and pelvis.

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Beta thalassemia

Beta thalassemias (β thalassemias) are a group of inherited blood disorders.

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Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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Birth defect

A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.

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Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Blood lancet

A blood lancet, or simply lancet, is a small medical implement used for capillary blood sampling.

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BRCA mutation

A BRCA mutation is a mutation in either of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which are tumour suppressor genes.

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BRCA1 and BRCA1 are a human gene and its protein product, respectively.

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Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.

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Buccal swab

A buccal swab, also known as buccal smear, is a way to collect DNA from the cells on the inside of a person's cheek.

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Butyrylcholinesterase (HGNC symbol BCHE; EC also known as BChE, BuChE, pseudocholinesterase, or plasma (cholin)esterase, is a nonspecific cholinesterase enzyme that hydrolyses many different choline-based esters.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Carrier testing

Carrier testing is a type of genetic testing that is used to determine if a person is a carrier for a specific autosomal recessive diseases.

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Cell-free fetal DNA

Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) is fetal DNA which circulates freely in the maternal blood.

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A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

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Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing

The Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing is a bimonthly peer-reviewed nursing journal covering oncology nursing.

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Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.

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Crohn's disease

Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.

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Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine.

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Direct-to-consumer advertising

Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTC advertising) usually refers to the marketing of pharmaceutical products but also applies to the direct marketing of medical devices, consumer diagnostics and sometimes financial services.

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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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Dismissal (employment)

Dismissal (referred to informally as firing or sacking) is the termination of employment by an employer against the will of the employee.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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DNA paternity testing

DNA paternity testing is the use of DNA profiling (known as genetic fingerprinting) to determine whether two individuals are biologically parent and child.

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DNA profiling

DNA profiling (also called DNA fingerprinting, DNA testing, or DNA typing) is the process of determining an individual's DNA characteristics, which are as unique as fingerprints.

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DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.

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Down syndrome

Down syndrome (DS or DNS), also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.

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Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe type of muscular dystrophy.

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Elective genetic and genomic testing

Elective genetic and genomic testing are DNA tests performed for an individual who does not have an indication for testing.

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Eugenics (from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population.

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Exome sequencing

Exome sequencing, also known as whole exome sequencing (WES), is a genomic technique for sequencing all of the protein-coding genes in a genome (known as the exome).

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Factor V Leiden

Factor V Leiden (rs6025) is a variant (mutated form) of human factor V (one of several substances that helps blood clot), which causes an increase in blood clotting (hypercoagulability).

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Familial hypercholesterolemia

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by high cholesterol levels, specifically very high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL, "bad cholesterol"), in the blood and early cardiovascular disease.

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Fanconi anemia

Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a rare genetic disease resulting in impaired response to DNA damage.

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A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.

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Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

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Fragile X syndrome

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder.

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Friedreich's ataxia

Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal recessive inherited disease that causes progressive damage to the nervous system.

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Gattaca is a 1997 American science fiction film written and directed by Andrew Niccol.

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Genealogical DNA test

A genealogical DNA test is a DNA-based test which looks at specific locations of a person's genome in order to determine ancestral ethnicity and genealogical relationships.

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Genealogy (from γενεαλογία from γενεά, "generation" and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.

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Genetic counseling

Genetic counseling is the process by which the patients or relatives at risk of an inherited disorder (or may be carrying a child at risk) are advised of the consequences and nature of the disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting it, and the options open to them in management and family planning.

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Genetic discrimination

Genetic discrimination occurs when people treat others (or are treated) differently because they have or are perceived to have a gene mutation(s) that causes or increases the risk of an inherited disorder.

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Genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome.

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Genetic genealogy

Genetic genealogy is the use of DNA testing in combination with traditional genealogical methods to infer relationships between individuals and find ancestors.

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Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA, pronounced Jee-na), is an Act of Congress in the United States designed to prohibit some types of genetic discrimination.

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Genetic predisposition

A genetic predisposition is a genetic characteristic which influences the possible phenotypic development of an individual organism within a species or population under the influence of environmental conditions.

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Genetic privacy

Genetic privacy involves the right or mandate of personal privacy concerning the storing, repurposing, provision to third parties, and displaying of information pertaining to one's genetic information.

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Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

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Genographic Project

The Genographic Project, launched on April 13, 2005 by the National Geographic Society, is an ongoing genetic anthropological study that aims to map historical human migration patterns by collecting and analyzing DNA samples.

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The genotype is the part of the genetic makeup of a cell, and therefore of an organism or individual, which determines one of its characteristics (phenotype).

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George W. Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

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Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.

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Halloween: The Curse of Michael Myers

Halloween: The Curse of Michael Myers is a 1995 American slasher film directed by Joe Chappelle, written by Daniel Farrands, and starring Paul Rudd, Marianne Hagan, and Donald Pleasence in his final film appearance.

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Health professional

A health professional, health practitioner or healthcare provider (sometimes simply "provider") is an individual who provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to people, families or communities.

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Hearing loss

Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.

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Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.

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Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.

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HFE hereditary haemochromatosis

Haemochromatosis (or hemochromatosis) type 1 autosomal recessive is a hereditary disease characterized by excessive intestinal absorption of dietary iron resulting in a pathological increase in total body iron stores.

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Hirschsprung's disease

Hirschsprung's disease (HD or HSCR) is a birth defect in which nerves are missing from parts of the intestine.

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Histocompatibility, or tissue compatibility, is the property of having the same, or sufficiently similar, alleles of a set of genes called human leukocyte antigens (HLA), the human version of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC).

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Homocysteine is a non-proteinogenic α-amino acid.

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Human embryogenesis

Human embryogenesis is the process of cell division and cellular differentiation of the embryo that occurs during the early stages of development.

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Huntington's disease

Huntington's disease (HD), also known as Huntington's chorea, is an inherited disorder that results in death of brain cells.

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Hyperhomocysteinemia or hyperhomocysteinaemia is a medical condition characterized by an abnormally high level of homocysteine in the blood, conventionally described as above 15 µmol/L.

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Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

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In vitro fertilisation

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").

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An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the more formal or specialised synonym for "baby", the very young offspring of a human.

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Information privacy

Information privacy, or data privacy (or data protection), is the relationship between the collection and dissemination of data, technology, the public expectation of privacy, and the legal and political issues surrounding them.

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Informed consent

Informed consent is a process for getting permission before conducting a healthcare intervention on a person, or for disclosing personal information.

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Iron overload

Iron overload (variously known as haemochromatosis, hemochromatosis, hemochromocytosis, Celtic curse, Irish illness, British gene, Scottish sickness and bronzing diabetes) indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause.

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Kaiser Family Foundation

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, or just Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), is an American non-profit organization, headquartered in San Francisco, California.

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A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.

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Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.

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Law of Return

The Law of Return (חֹוק הַשְׁבוּת, ḥok ha-shvūt) is an Israeli law, passed on 5 July 1950, which gives Jews the right to come and live in Israel and to gain Israeli citizenship.

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List of genetic disorders

The following is a list of genetic disorders and if known, type of mutation and the chromosome involved.

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List of genetic genealogy topics

This is a list of genetic genealogy topics.

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Medical diagnosis

Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.

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Medical genetics

Medical genetics is the branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders.

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Medical procedure

A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare.

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Medical test

A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment.

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Mental disorder

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

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A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.

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Mivacurium chloride

Mivacurium chloride (formerly recognized as BW1090U81, BW B1090U or BW1090U) is a short-duration non-depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking drug or skeletal muscle relaxant in the category of non-depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking drugs, used adjunctively in anesthesia to facilitate endotracheal intubation and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation.

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Mobile Suit Gundam SEED

is an anime series developed by Sunrise and directed by Mitsuo Fukuda.

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Mouthwash, mouth rinse, oral rinse, or mouth bath is a liquid which is held in the mouth passively or swilled around the mouth by contraction of the perioral muscles and/or movement of the head, and may be gargled, where the head is tilted back and the liquid bubbled at the back of the mouth.

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Multiple endocrine neoplasia

The term multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) encompasses several distinct syndromes featuring tumors of endocrine glands, each with its own characteristic pattern.

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In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.

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Myotonic dystrophy

Myotonic dystrophy is a long term genetic disorder that affects muscle function.

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Newborn screening

Newborn screening is a public health program of screening in infants shortly after birth for a list of conditions that are treatable, but not clinically evident in the newborn period.

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Next (novel)

Next is a 2006 techno-thriller novel by Michael Crichton, the last to be published during his lifetime.

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Non-paternity event

In genetics, a non-paternity event is when someone who is presumed to be an individual's father is not in fact the biological father.

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Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.

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Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.

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Percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling

For other uses see PUBS (disambiguation page) Percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling (PUBS), also called cordocentesis, fetal blood sampling, or umbilical vein sampling is a diagnostic genetic test that examines blood from the fetal umbilical cord to detect fetal abnormalities.

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Persian Jews

Persian Jews or Iranian Jews (جهودان ایرانی, יהודים פרסים) are Jews historically associated with the Persian Empire, whose successor state is Iran.

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A person is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a culturally established form of social relations such as kinship, ownership of property, or legal responsibility.

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Personalized medicine

Personalized medicine, also termed precision medicine, is a medical procedure that separates patients into different groups—with medical decisions, practices, interventions and/or products being tailored to the individual patient based on their predicted response or risk of disease.

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Pharmacogenetics is the study of inherited genetic differences in drug metabolic pathways which can affect individual responses to drugs, both in terms of therapeutic effect as well as adverse effects.

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Pharmacogenomics is the study of the role of the genome in drug response.

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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

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Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism that results in decreased metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine.

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Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) also known as endothelial plasminogen activator inhibitor or serpin E1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SERPINE1 gene.

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Population ecology

Population ecology is a sub-field of ecology that deals with the dynamics of species populations and how these populations interact with the environment.

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Population genetics

Population genetics is a subfield of genetics that deals with genetic differences within and between populations, and is a part of evolutionary biology.

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Predictive testing

Predictive testing is a form of genetic testing.

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Preimplantation genetic diagnosis

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or PIGD) is the genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation (as a form of embryo profiling), and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization.

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Prenatal testing

Prenatal testing consists of prenatal screening and prenatal diagnosis, which are aspects of prenatal care that focus on detecting problems with the pregnancy as early as possible.

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Procaine is a local anesthetic drug of the amino ester group.

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Progeny testing

Progeny Testing is a test of the value for selective breeding of an individual's genotype by looking at the progeny produced by different matings.

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Promotion (rank)

A promotion is the advancement of an employee's rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system.

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Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.

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Pseudocholinesterase deficiency

Pseudocholinesterase deficiency is an inherited blood plasma enzyme abnormality in which the body's production of butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE; pseudocholinesterase) is impaired.

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The psychosocial approach looks at individuals in the context of the combined influence that psychological factors and the surrounding social environment have on their physical and mental wellness and their ability to function.

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Recruitment (hiring) refers to the overall process of attracting, shortlisting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization.

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Resident Evil (film)

Resident Evil is a 2002 action horror film written and directed by Paul W. S. Anderson and produced by Bernd Eichinger and Jeremy Bolt.

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Science fiction film

Science fiction film (or sci-fi film) is a genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, extrasensory perception and time travel, along with futuristic elements such as spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.

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Screening (medicine)

Screening, in medicine, is a strategy used in a population to identify the possible presence of an as-yet-undiagnosed disease in individuals without signs or symptoms.

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Search warrant

A search warrant is a court order that a magistrate or judge issues to authorize law enforcement officers to conduct a search of a person, location, or vehicle for evidence of a crime and to confiscate any evidence they find.

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Selective breeding

Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.

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Sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.

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Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

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Suxamethonium chloride

Suxamethonium chloride, also known as suxamethonium or succinylcholine, is a medication used to cause short-term paralysis as part of general anesthesia.

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Tay–Sachs disease

Tay–Sachs disease is a genetic disorder that results in the destruction of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.

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The Island (2005 film)

The Island is a 2005 American science fiction thriller film directed and co-produced by Michael Bay.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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Thrombin (fibrinogenase, thrombase, thrombofort, topical, thrombin-C, tropostasin, activated blood-coagulation factor II, blood-coagulation factor IIa, factor IIa, E thrombin, beta-thrombin, gamma-thrombin) is a serine protease, an enzyme that, in humans, is encoded by the F2 gene.

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The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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Variegate porphyria

Variegate porphyria, also known by several other names, is an autosomal dominant porphyria that can have acute (severe but usually not long-lasting) symptoms along with symptoms that affect the skin.

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Whole genome sequencing

Whole genome sequencing (also known as WGS, full genome sequencing, complete genome sequencing, or entire genome sequencing) is the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism's genome at a single time.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_testing

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