79 relations: Artificial intelligence, Artificial neural network, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, Bachelor of Arts, Backpropagation, BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Boltzmann machine, Brendan Frey, Canada, Canada Research Chair, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Capsule neural network, Carnegie Mellon University, Christopher Longuet-Higgins, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive science, Colin Clark (economist), Computer science, Coursera, Creative Commons license, Deep learning, Doctor of Philosophy, Existential risk from artificial general intelligence, Gatsby Charitable Foundation, George Boole, George Everest, Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, Google, Google Brain, H. E. Hinton, Helmholtz machine, Honorary degree, IEEE Frank Rosenblatt Award, IEEE/RSE James Clerk Maxwell Medal, IJCAI Award for Research Excellence, Ilya Sutskever, ImageNet, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, James Hinton, King's College, Cambridge, Lethal autonomous weapon, List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1998, Machine learning, Memory, National Academy of Engineering, Neural network, Open access, Outline of object recognition, Oxford University Press, ..., Peer review, Perception, Postdoctoral researcher, Product of experts, Professor, Radford M. Neal, Richard Zemel, Royal Society, Rumelhart Prize, Russ Salakhutdinov, Scientific American, Superintelligence, Terry Sejnowski, The Daily Telegraph, The New York Times, Time delay neural network, United Kingdom, Université de Sherbrooke, University College London, University of California, San Diego, University of Cambridge, University of Edinburgh, University of Sussex, University of Toronto, Unsupervised learning, Wimbledon, London, Wired (magazine), Yann LeCun, Zoubin Ghahramani. Expand index (29 more) » « Shrink index
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) or connectionist systems are computing systems vaguely inspired by the biological neural networks that constitute animal brains.
The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) is an international, nonprofit, scientific society devoted to promote research in, and responsible use of, artificial intelligence.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
Backpropagation is a method used in artificial neural networks to calculate a gradient that is needed in the calculation of the weights to be used in the network.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards, Premios Fundación BBVA Fronteras del Conocimiento, in Spanish, are an international award programme recognizing significant contributions in the areas of scientific research and cultural creation.
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
A Boltzmann machine (also called stochastic Hopfield network with hidden units) is a type of stochastic recurrent neural network (and Markov random field).
Brendan John Frey FRSC (born 29 August 1968) is a Canadian-born machine learning and genome biology researcher, known mainly for his work on factor graphs, the wake-sleep algorithm for deep learning, and using machine learning to model genome biology and understand genetic disorders.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canada Research Chair (CRC) is a title given to certain Canadian university research professors by the Canada Research Chairs Program.
The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) is an institute of advanced study that creates and maintains global research networks working on complex areas of inquiry.
A Capsule Neural Network (CapsNet) is a machine learning system that is a type of artificial neural network (ANN) that can be used to better model hierarchical relationships.
Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Hugh Christopher Longuet-Higgins (April 11, 1923 – March 27, 2004) was both a theoretical chemist and a cognitive scientist.
Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking".
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
Colin Grant Clark (2 November 1905 – 4 September 1989) was a British and Australian economist and statistician who worked in both the United Kingdom and Australia.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Coursera is an online learning platform founded by Stanford professors Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller that offers courses, specializations, and degrees.
A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.
Deep learning (also known as deep structured learning or hierarchical learning) is part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on learning data representations, as opposed to task-specific algorithms.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Existential risk from artificial general intelligence is the hypothesis that substantial progress in artificial general intelligence (AI) could someday result in human extinction or some other unrecoverable global catastrophe.
The Gatsby Charitable Foundation is an endowed grant-making trust, based in London, founded by David Sainsbury in 1967.
George Boole (2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864) was a largely self-taught English mathematician, philosopher and logician, most of whose short career was spent as the first professor of mathematics at Queen's College, Cork in Ireland.
Colonel Sir George Everest CB FRS FRAS FRGS (4 July 1790 – 1 December 1866) was a British surveyor and geographer who served as Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843.
The Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering is awarded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada to recognize "research contributions characterized by both excellence and influence." Prior to 2000, NSERC had awarded the Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, before deciding to rename the award to honour Gerhard Herzberg, winner of the 1971 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Brain is a deep learning artificial intelligence research team at Google.
Professor Howard Everest Hinton, FRS (24 August 1912 – 2 August 1977) was a British entomologist.
The Helmholtz machine is a type of artificial neural network that can account for the hidden structure of a set of data by being trained to create a generative model of the original set of data.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
The IEEE Frank Rosenblatt Award is a Technical Field Award established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Board of Directors in 2004.
The IEEE/RSE James Clerk Maxwell Medal is an award given by the IEEE and Royal Society of Edinburgh, UK in recognition of "groundbreaking contributions that have had an exceptional impact on the development of electronics and electrical engineering, or related fields".
The IJCAI Award for Research Excellence is a biannual award before given at the IJCAI conference to researcher in artificial intelligence as a recognition of excellence of their career.
Ilya Sutskever is a computer scientist working in machine learning and currently serving as the Research Director of OpenAI.
The ImageNet project is a large visual database designed for use in visual object recognition software research.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
James Hinton (baptized 26 November 1822 – died 16 December 1875) was an English surgeon and author.
King's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.
Lethal autonomous weapons (LAWs) are a type of autonomous military robot that can independently search and engage targets based on programmed constraints and descriptions.
Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1998.
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) is an American nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The term neural network was traditionally used to refer to a network or circuit of neurons.
Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to object recognition: Object recognition – technology in the field of computer vision for finding and identifying objects in an image or video sequence.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers).
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.
A postdoctoral researcher or postdoc is a person professionally conducting research after the completion of their doctoral studies (typically a PhD).
Product of experts (PoE) is a machine learning technique.
Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.
Radford M. Neal is a professor at the Department of Statistics and Department of Computer Science at the University of Toronto, where he holds a Research Chair in statistics and machine learning.
Richard Zemel, better known by Rich Zemel, is a computer scientist and professor at University of Toronto, Department of Computer Science, and a leading figure in the field of Machine Learning and Computer Vision.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
The David E. Rumelhart Prize for Contributions to the Theoretical Foundations of Human Cognition was founded in 2001 in honor of the cognitive scientist David Rumelhart.
Ruslan "Russ" Salakhutdinov is a Canadian researcher working in the field of artificial intelligence.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
A superintelligence is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds.
Terrence (Terry) Joseph Sejnowski (born 13 August 1947) is the Francis Crick Professor at The Salk Institute for Biological Studies where he directs the Computational Neurobiology Laboratory and is the Director of the Crick-Jacobs Center for Theoretical and Computational Biology.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Time delay neural network (TDNN) Alexander Waibel, Tashiyuki Hanazawa, Geoffrey Hinton, Kiyohito Shikano, Kevin J. Lang, Phoneme Recognition Using Time-Delay Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Volume 37, No.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Université de Sherbrooke is a large public French-language university in Quebec, Canada with campuses located in Sherbrooke and Longueuil, a suburb of Montreal approximately west of Sherbrooke.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University of California, San Diego is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
The University of Sussex is a public research university in Falmer, Sussex, England.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
Unsupervised machine learning is the machine learning task of inferring a function that describes the structure of "unlabeled" data (i.e. data that has not been classified or categorized).
Wimbledon WIMBLESON is a district of southwest London, England, south-west of the centre of London at Charing Cross, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Yann LeCun (born 1960) is a computer scientist working primarily in the fields of machine learning, computer vision, mobile robotics and computational neuroscience.
Zoubin Ghahramani FRS (ژوبین قهرمانی; born 8 February 1970) is a British-Iranian researcher and Professor of Information Engineering at the University of Cambridge.