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Geography of Japan

Index Geography of Japan

Japan is an island nation in East Asia comprising a volcanic archipelago extending along the continent's Pacific coast. [1]

203 relations: Akaishi Mountains, Aleutian Low, Amami Ōshima, Antarctic Treaty System, Antipodes, Apiaí, Archipelago, Asia, Asunción, Athens, Avalanche, Ōsumi Peninsula, Basel Convention, Benten-jima (Wakkanai), Bonin Islands, Brazil, Capão da Canoa, Cape Irizaki, Cape Koritsky, Cape Nosappu, Cape Sata, Cape Sōya, Central Highland (Japan), China, CITES, Continental shelf, Convention on Biological Diversity, Daitō Islands, East Asia, East Asian rainy season, East China Sea, Economic capital, Environmental Modification Convention, Finland, Foehn wind, Geology of Japan, Gifu Prefecture, Ginoza, Okinawa, Global warming, Guaratuba, Gunma Prefecture, Habomai Islands, Hachirōgata, Hida Mountains, Hokkaido, Honshu, Hot spring, Humid continental climate, Humid subtropical climate, Hydroelectricity, ..., International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983, International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994, Ishigaki Island, Ishigaki, Okinawa, Island, Island country, Islet, Iturup, Iwo Jima, Izu Islands, Japan, Japan–Russia relations, Japanese addressing system, Japanese Alps, Japanese archipelago, Japanese art, Japanese literature, Kagoshima Prefecture, Kansai International Airport, Kantō Plain, Kantō region, Köppen climate classification, Kerama Islands, Kii Peninsula, Kintetsu Railway, Kiso Mountains, Korea Strait, Korean Peninsula, Kosaza, Nagasaki, Kume Island, Kunashir Island, Kuril Islands, Kuril Islands dispute, Kuroshio Current, Kushiro Subprefecture, Kyoto, Kyoto Protocol, Kyushu, La Pérouse Strait, Lake Biwa, Landslide, Las Vegas, Levee, Liancourt Rocks, List of islands of Japan, List of lakes of Japan, List of mountains and hills of Japan by height, List of national parks of Japan, List of peninsulas of Japan, List of rivers of Japan, London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, Mainland, MARPOL 73/78, Minami-Tori-shima, Minamiōsumi, Kagoshima, Montreal Protocol, Mount Fuji, Mount Kita, Nagano Prefecture, Nagasaki Prefecture, Nagoya, Nakanoshima (Kagoshima), Nanpō Islands, Nara Prefecture, Nōbi Plain, Nemuro Subprefecture, Nemuro, Hokkaido, Niigata Prefecture, North America, Nova Scotia, Ocean current, Oceania, Okhotsk Subprefecture, Okinawa Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Okinotorishima, Osaka, Oyashio Current, Ozone layer, Pacific Ocean, Palma Sola, Santa Catarina, Palmas, Paraná, Paraguay, Pato Branco, Plankton, Precipitation, Prefecture, Prefectures of Japan, Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, Ramsar Convention, Recycling, Ring of Fire, Russia, Russian Far East, Ryukyu Islands, Saitama Prefecture, Sakhalin, Sakishima Islands, Santo Antônio da Patrulha, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Satsunan Islands, São Lourenço do Oeste, Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk, Sendai, Senkaku Islands, Seto Inland Sea, Shiga Prefecture, Shikoku, Shikotan, Shimanto, Kōchi (city), Shinano River, Shizuoka Prefecture, Siberia, Siberian High, Sichuan Basin, Skyscraper, Snow country (Japan), South Korea, Submarine earthquake, Sweden, Taipei, Taiwan, Takarajima, Tōhoku region, Tehran, The Bahamas, Tochigi Prefecture, Tohoku University, Tokyo, Tropical cyclone, Tropical rainforest climate, Tropical savanna climate, Tsugaru Strait, Tsunami, Tsushima Island, Tsushima Strait, Typhoon, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Villarrica, Paraguay, Volcano, Volcano Islands, Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Waste management, Yaeyama Islands, Yakushima, Yamanashi Prefecture, Yonaguni, 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Expand index (153 more) »

Akaishi Mountains

is a mountain range in central Honshū, Japan, bordering Nagano, Yamanashi and Shizuoka prefectures.

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Aleutian Low

The Aleutian Low is a semi-permanent low-pressure system located near the Aleutian Islands in the Bering Sea during the Northern Hemisphere winter.

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Amami Ōshima

is one of the Satsunan Islands, and is the largest island within the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

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Antarctic Treaty System

The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth's only continent without a native human population.

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Antipodes

In geography, the antipode of any spot on Earth is the point on Earth's surface diametrically opposite to it; the antipodes of a region similarly represent the area opposite it.

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Apiaí

Apiaí is a Brazilian municipality of the state of São Paulo.

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Archipelago

An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.

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Asia

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Asunción

Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Avalanche

An avalanche (also called a snowslide) is a cohesive slab of snow lying upon a weaker layer of snow in the snowpack that fractures and slides down a steep slope when triggered.

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Ōsumi Peninsula

Satellite image of Osumi Peninsula The projects south from the Japanese island of Kyūshū and includes the southernmost point on the island, Cape Sata.

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Basel Convention

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, usually known as the Basel Convention, is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs).

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Benten-jima (Wakkanai)

is a small deserted island west by northwest of Cape Sōya, Wakkanai, Hokkaidō, Japan.

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Bonin Islands

The Bonin Islands, also known as the, are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical and tropical islands, some directly south of Tokyo, Japan.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Capão da Canoa

Capão da Canoa is a municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

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Cape Irizaki

is the western tip of Yonaguni Island and the westernmost point in Japan.

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Cape Koritsky

Cape Koritsky (Мыс Корицкий, Mys Koritsky) is the northernmost point of Iturup, one of the Kuril Islands.

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Cape Nosappu

is a point on the Nemuro Peninsula, Nemuro, Japan which is the easternmost point in Hokkaidō.

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Cape Sata

Cape Sata (佐多岬, Sata Misaki) is a cape at the southern tip of the Osumi Peninsula of Kyūshū island, Japan, and is the southernmost point of the island, just south of 31 degrees latitude.

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Cape Sōya

is the northernmost point of the island of Hokkaidō, Japan.

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Central Highland (Japan)

The, or, is an inland region on central Honshū in Japan.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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CITES

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.

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Continental shelf

The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.

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Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.

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Daitō Islands

The are an archipelago consisting of three isolated coral islands in the Philippine Sea southeast of Okinawa.

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East Asia

East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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East Asian rainy season

The East Asian rainy season, commonly called the plum rain (затяжные), is caused by precipitation along a persistent stationary front known as the Mei-Yu front for nearly two months during the late spring and early summer between eastern Russia, China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan.

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East China Sea

The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.

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Economic capital

In finance, mainly for financial services firms, economic capital is the amount of risk capital, assessed on a realistic basis, which a firm requires to cover the risks that it is running or collecting as a going concern, such as market risk, credit risk, legal risk, and operational risk.

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Environmental Modification Convention

The Environmental Modification Convention (ENMOD), formally the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques is an international treaty prohibiting the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques having widespread, long-lasting or severe effects.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Foehn wind

A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.

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Geology of Japan

The islands of Japan are primarily the result of several large ocean movements occurring over hundreds of millions of years from the mid-Silurian to the Pleistocene as a result of the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south, and subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate to the north.

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Gifu Prefecture

is a prefecture in the Chūbu region of central Japan.

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Ginoza, Okinawa

is a village located in Kunigami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Global warming

Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

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Guaratuba

Guaratuba is a city in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

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Gunma Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region.

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Habomai Islands

The Habomai Islands (Russian: Хабомаи (Habomai), Japanese: 歯舞群島 (Habomai guntō) or 歯舞諸島 (Habomai shotō) are a group of islets in the southernmost Kuril Islands. They are currently under Russian administration, but together with Iturup (Etorofu), Kunashir (Kunashiri), and Shikotan are claimed by Japan.

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Hachirōgata

is a lake in Akita Prefecture in northern Japan.

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Hida Mountains

The, or, is a Japanese mountain range which stretches through Nagano, Toyama and Gifu prefectures.

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Hokkaido

(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.

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Honshu

Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.

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Hot spring

A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.

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Humid continental climate

A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Hydroelectricity

Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.

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International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling is an international environmental agreement signed in 1946 in order to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".

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International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983

The International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA, 1983) is an agreement to provide an effective framework for cooperation between tropical timber producers and consumers and to encourage the development of national policies aimed at sustainable utilization and conservation of tropical forests and their genetic resources.

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International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994

International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994 (ITTA, 1994 or ITTA2) was drafted to ensure that by the year 2000 exports of tropical timber originated from sustainably managed sources and to establish a fund to assist tropical timber producers in obtaining the resources necessary to reach this objective.

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Ishigaki Island

, also known as Ishigakijima, is a Japanese island west of Okinawa Hontō and the second-largest island of the Yaeyama Island group.

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Ishigaki, Okinawa

is a city in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Island

An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

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Island country

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

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Islet

An islet is a very small island.

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Iturup

Iturup (accessdate; Ainu: エツ゚ヲロプシㇼ, Etuworop-sir; 択捉島, Etorofu-tō, historically also called Yetorup), is one of the Kuril Islands.

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Iwo Jima

, known in English as Iwo Jima, is one of the Japanese Volcano Islands and lies south of the Ogasawara Islands.

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Izu Islands

The are a group of volcanic islands stretching south and east from the Izu Peninsula of Honshū, Japan.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japan–Russia relations

Relations between Russia and Japan (Российско-японские отношения, Rossiysko-yaponskiye otnosheniya; 日露関係史) are the continuation of the relationship of Japan with the Soviet Union from 1917 to 1991, and with the Russian Empire from 1855 to 1917.

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Japanese addressing system

The Japanese addressing system is used to identify a specific location in Japan.

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Japanese Alps

The is a series of mountain ranges in Japan which bisect the main island of Honshū (本州).

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Japanese archipelago

The is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean.

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Japanese art

Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, ceramics, origami, and more recently manga—modern Japanese cartooning and comics—along with a myriad of other types.

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Japanese literature

Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical Chinese.

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Kagoshima Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.

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Kansai International Airport

is an international airport located on an artificial island in the middle of Osaka Bay off the Honshu shore, southwest of Ōsaka Station, located within three municipalities, including Izumisano (north),.

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Kantō Plain

The is the largest plain in Japan, and is located in the Kantō region of central Honshū.

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Kantō region

The is a geographical area of Honshu, the largest island of Japan.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kerama Islands

The are a group of 22 islands located southwest of Okinawa Island in Japan.

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Kii Peninsula

The is the largest peninsula on the island of Honshū in Japan.

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Kintetsu Railway

, referred to as, is a Japanese passenger railway company, managing infrastructure and operating passenger train service.

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Kiso Mountains

are a mountain range in Nagano and Gifu prefectures in Japan.

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Korea Strait

The Korea Strait is a sea passage between South Korea and Japan, connecting the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea (West sea) and the East Sea (Sea of Japan) in the northwest Pacific Ocean.

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Korean Peninsula

The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula of Eurasia located in East Asia.

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Kosaza, Nagasaki

was a town located in Kitamatsuura District, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.

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Kume Island

is an island, part of the Okinawa Islands and administratively part of the town of Kumejima, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kunashir Island

Kunashir Island (Кунаши́р; 国後島, Kunashiri-tō; クナシㇼ or クナシㇽ, Kunasir), possibly meaning Black Island or Grass Island in Ainu, is the southernmost island of the Kuril Islands, an archipelago currently under Russian control, among which four (including Kunashiri Island) are claimed by Japan (see Kuril Islands dispute).

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Kuril Islands

The Kuril Islands or Kurile Islands (or; p or r; Japanese: or), in Russia's Sakhalin Oblast region, form a volcanic archipelago that stretches approximately northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, Russia, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean.

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Kuril Islands dispute

The Kuril Islands dispute, also known as the Northern Territories dispute, is a disagreement between Japan and Russia and also some individuals of the Ainu people over sovereignty of the South Kuril Islands.

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Kuroshio Current

The is a north-flowing ocean current on the west side of the North Pacific Ocean.

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Kushiro Subprefecture

is a subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan.

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Kyoto

, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that (part one) global warming is occurring and (part two) it is extremely likely that human-made CO2 emissions have predominantly caused it.

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Kyushu

is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands.

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La Pérouse Strait

La Pérouse Strait, or Sōya Strait, is a strait dividing the southern part of the Russian island of Sakhalin (Karafuto) from the northern part of the Japanese island of Hokkaidō, and connecting the Sea of Japan on the west with the Sea of Okhotsk on the east.

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Lake Biwa

is the largest freshwater lake in Japan, located in Shiga Prefecture (west-central Honshu), northeast of the former capital city of Kyoto.

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Landslide

The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.

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Las Vegas

Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.

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Levee

14.

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Liancourt Rocks

The Liancourt Rocks, also known as Dokdo or Tokto ("solitary island") in Korean, and in Japanese, are a group of small islets in the Sea of Japan (East Sea).

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List of islands of Japan

The four main islands of Japan are.

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List of lakes of Japan

The list of lakes in Japan ranked by surface area.

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List of mountains and hills of Japan by height

The following is a list of the mountains and hills of Japan, ordered by height.

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List of national parks of Japan

and in Japan are places of scenic beauty designated for protection and sustainable usage by the Minister of the Environment under the of 1957.

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List of peninsulas of Japan

Peninsulas of Japan include.

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List of rivers of Japan

Rivers of Japan are characterized by their relatively short lengths and considerably steep gradients due to the narrow and mountainous topography of the country.

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London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972, commonly called the "London Convention" or "LC '72" and also abbreviated as Marine Dumping, is an agreement to control pollution of the sea by dumping and to encourage regional agreements supplementary to the Convention.

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Mainland

Mainland is a contiguous landmass that is larger and often politically, economically and/or demographically more significant than politically associated remote territories, such as exclaves or oceanic islands situated outside the continental shelf.

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MARPOL 73/78

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78, MARPOL is short for marine pollution and 73/78 short for the years 1973 and 1978) is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions.

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Minami-Tori-shima

, also known as Marcus Island, is an isolated Japanese coral atoll in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, located some southeast of Tokyo and east of the closest Japanese island, South Iwo Jima of the Ogasawara Islands, and nearly on a straight line between mainland Tokyo and the United States' Wake Island, further to the east-southeast.

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Minamiōsumi, Kagoshima

is a town located in Kimotsuki District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.

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Mount Fuji

, located on Honshū, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft), 2nd-highest peak of an island (volcanic) in Asia, and 7th-highest peak of an island in the world.

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Mount Kita

is a mountain of the Akaishi Mountains−"Southern Alps" (南アルプス Minami-Arupusu), in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.

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Nagano Prefecture

is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on the island of Honshu.

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Nagasaki Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.

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Nagoya

is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.

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Nakanoshima (Kagoshima)

, is a volcanic island located in the Tokara Islands, part of the Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Nanpō Islands

The is a collective term for the groups of islands that are located to the south of the Japanese archipelago.

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Nara Prefecture

is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Nōbi Plain

The is a large plain in Japan that stretches from the Mino area of southwest Gifu Prefecture to the Owari area of northwest Aichi Prefecture, covering an area of approximately.

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Nemuro Subprefecture

is a subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan.

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Nemuro, Hokkaido

is a city and port located in Nemuro Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

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Niigata Prefecture

is a prefecture located in the Chūbu region of Japan.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.

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Ocean current

An ocean current is a seasonal directed movement of sea water generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as wind, the Coriolis effect, breaking waves, cabbing, temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon.

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Oceania

Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.

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Okhotsk Subprefecture

is a subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan.

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Okinawa Islands

The are an island group in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and are the principal island group of the prefecture.

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Okinawa Prefecture

is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.

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Okinotorishima

The is a Japanese uninhabited atoll with a total area of.

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Osaka

() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Oyashio Current

, also known as Oya Siwo, Okhotsk or the Kurile current, is a cold subarctic ocean current that flows south and circulates counterclockwise in the western North Pacific Ocean.

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Ozone layer

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Palma Sola, Santa Catarina

Palma Sola, Santa Catarina is a municipality in the state of Santa Catarina in the South region of Brazil.

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Palmas, Paraná

Palmas is a municipality in the south of the Brazilian state of Paraná.

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Paraguay

Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.

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Pato Branco

Pato Branco ("White Duck" in English) is a city in the southwest part of the Brazilian state Paraná.

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Plankton

Plankton (singular plankter) are the diverse collection of organisms that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current.

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Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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Prefecture

A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction or subdivision in any of various countries and within some international church structures, and in antiquity a Roman district governed by an appointed prefect.

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Prefectures of Japan

Japan is divided into 47, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division.

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Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty

The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, also known as the Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, or the Madrid Protocol, is part of the Antarctic Treaty System.

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Ramsar Convention

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.

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Recycling

Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.

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Ring of Fire

The Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Far East

The Russian Far East (p) comprises the Russian part of the Far East - the extreme eastern territory of Russia, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.

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Ryukyu Islands

The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.

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Saitama Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region.

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Sakhalin

Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.

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Sakishima Islands

The (or 先島群島, Sakishima-guntō) (Okinawan: Sachishima) are an archipelago located at the southernmost end of the Japanese Archipelago.

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Santo Antônio da Patrulha

Santo Antônio da Patrulha is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul.

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Sasebo, Nagasaki

is a core city located in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.

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Satsunan Islands

The is a geopolitical name for a group of islands that forms the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands.

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São Lourenço do Oeste

São Lourenço do Oeste is a municipality in the state of Santa Catarina in the South region of Brazil.

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Sea of Japan

The Sea of Japan (see below for other names) is a marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula and Russia.

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Sea of Okhotsk

The Sea of Okhotsk (Ohōtsuku-kai) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast along the west and north.

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Sendai

is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, the largest city in the Tōhoku region, and the second largest city north of Tokyo.

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Senkaku Islands

The are a group of uninhabited islands controlled by Japan in the East China Sea.

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Seto Inland Sea

The, also known as Setouchi or often shortened to Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan.

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Shiga Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan, which forms part of the Kansai region in the western part of Honshu island.

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Shikoku

is the smallest (long and between wide) and least populous (3.8 million) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu and east of the island of Kyushu.

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Shikotan

Shikotan (Russian: Шикотан; Japanese: 色丹島 (Shikotan); シコタン or シコタヌ, Sikotan), also known as Shpanberg (after Martin Spangberg), is an island which is administered by the Russian Federation as part of Yuzhno-Kurilsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, and that is claimed by Japan as part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture.

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Shimanto, Kōchi (city)

is a city in southwestern Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

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Shinano River

The, known as the in its upper reaches, is the longest and widest river in Japan and the third largest by basin area (behind the Tone River and Ishikari River).

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Shizuoka Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.

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Siberia

Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Siberian High

The Siberian High (also Siberian Anticyclone) is a massive collection of cold dry air that accumulates in the northeastern part of Eurasia from September until April.

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Sichuan Basin

The Sichuan Basin, formerly transliterated as the Szechwan Basin, sometimes called the Red Basin, is a lowland region in southwestern China.

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Skyscraper

A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately.

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Snow country (Japan)

Snow country (雪国 yukiguni; also, more prosaically, 豪雪地帯 gōsetsu chitai) refers to areas in Japan characterized by heavy, long-lasting snowfalls.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Submarine earthquake

A submarine, undersea, or underwater earthquake is an earthquake that occurs underwater at the bottom of a body of water, especially an ocean.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Taipei

Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Takarajima

, literally "treasure island", is one of the Tokara Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture.

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Tōhoku region

The, Northeast region, or Northeast Japan consists of the northeastern portion of Honshu, the largest island of Japan.

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Tehran

Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.

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The Bahamas

The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.

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Tochigi Prefecture

is a prefecture located in the Kantō region of Japan.

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Tohoku University

, abbreviated to, located in Sendai, Miyagi in the Tōhoku Region, Japan, is a Japanese national university.

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Tokyo

, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Tropical rainforest climate

A tropical rainforest climate, also known as an equatorial climate, is a tropical climate usually (but not always) found along the equator.

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Tropical savanna climate

Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".

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Tsugaru Strait

The is a strait between Honshu and Hokkaido in northern Japan connecting the Sea of Japan with the Pacific Ocean.

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Tsunami

A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

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Tsushima Island

is an island of the Japanese archipelago situated in the Korea Strait, approximately halfway between the Japanese mainland and the Korean Peninsula.

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Tsushima Strait

or Eastern Channel is a channel of the Korea Strait, which lies between Korea and Japan, connecting the Sea of Japan (East Sea), the Yellow Sea (West Sea), and the East China Sea.

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Typhoon

A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.

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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982.

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United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UNCCD) is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.

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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.

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Villarrica, Paraguay

Villarrica del Espíritu Santo, using its formal name is a city located in the middle of the Oriental Region of the Paraguayan territory, it is the capital of the Guairá Department.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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Volcano Islands

The or are a group of three Japanese islands south of the Bonin Islands that belong to the municipality of Ogasawara, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.

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Wakkanai, Hokkaido

is a city located in Sōya Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

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Waste management

Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.

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Yaeyama Islands

The Yaeyama Islands (八重山諸島 Yaeyama-shotō, also 八重山列島 Yaeyama-rettō, Yaeyama: Yaima Okinawan: Eema) are an archipelago in the southwest of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and cover.

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Yakushima

is one of the Ōsumi Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

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Yamanashi Prefecture

is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of the main island of Honshu.

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Yonaguni

, one of the Yaeyama Islands, is the westernmost inhabited island of Japan, lying from the east coast of Taiwan, between the East China Sea and the Pacific Ocean proper.

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1923 Great Kantō earthquake

The struck the Kantō Plain on the Japanese main island of Honshū at 11:58:44 JST (02:58:44 UTC) on Saturday, September 1, 1923.

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2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

The was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately.

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Redirects here:

Area of Japan, Climate of Japan, Coastline of Japan, Geography of japan, Japan map, Japan's Reclaiming Land, Japan/Geography, Japanese Geography, Japanese coastline, Japanese geography, Japanese territory.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Japan

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