179 relations: Abies kawakamii, Acid rain, Air pollution, Alishan Range, Alluvial plain, Alpine plant, Asbestos, Bashi Channel, Belgium, Camphor, Cape Eluanbi, Cape Santiago (Taiwan), Carnivora, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Mountain Range, Chamaecyparis formosensis, Chianan Plain, China, Chinese Civil War, Chinese Communist Revolution, Chinese people, Cinnamomum camphora, Coal, Convergent boundary, Copper, Coral reef, Dadu Plateau, Dadu River (Taiwan), Dongsha Atoll National Park, East Asia, East Asian Monsoon, East China Sea, Endangered species, Endemism, Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan, Erosion, Eurasian otter, Eurasian Plate, Exclusive economic zone, Executive Yuan, Exploitation of natural resources, Extinction, Fault block, Fishery, Formosan black bear, Formosan clouded leopard, Formosan sika deer, Fujian, Gaoping River, Geographic Center of Taiwan, ..., Glacial period, Gold, Government Information Office, Executive Yuan, Green Island, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guava, Hai'an Range, Hakka people, Han Chinese, Han Taiwanese, Hengchun, History of Taiwan, Hoklo people, Hsinchu Hills, Huadong Valley, Hualian River, Hui people, Humid subtropical climate, Industrialisation, Kamchatka Peninsula, Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung County, Kaohsiung metropolitan area, Kenting National Park, Kinmen, Kinmen National Park, Limestone, Linkou Plateau, List of endemic birds of Taiwan, List of islands by highest point, Luzon, Luzon Strait, Luzon Volcanic Arc, Lychee, Mainland China, Manchu people, Marble, Matsu Islands, Miaoli Hills, Ministry of the Interior (Taiwan), Mongols, Mount Kinabalu, Nantou County, National Taiwan Normal University, Natural gas, Netherlands, New Guinea Highlands, New Taipei City, Nuclear power, Oncorhynchus masou formosanus, Orchid Island, Pai Hsien-yung, Pasture, Penghu, Petroleum, Philippine Sea, Philippine Sea Plate, Philippines, Pingtung County, Pingtung Plain, Portuguese language, Pratas Islands, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Puli, Nantou, Puru (artist), Ryukyu Islands, Scooter (motorcycle), Sedimentary basin, Sewage, Shei-Pa National Park, Shinto shrine, South China Sea, Southern Min, Su'ao, Submarine volcano, Sugarcane, Sun Moon Lake, Sweet potato, Swinhoe's pheasant, Syzygium, Taichung, Taichung Basin, Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area, Taiga, Tainan, Taipei, Taipei Basin, Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area, Taiping Island, Taitung City, Taitung County, Taiwan, Taiwan blue magpie, Taiwan Province, Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China, Taiwan Southernmost Point, Taiwan Strait, Taiwan under Japanese rule, Taiwanese indigenous peoples, Taoyuan Plateau, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Taroko National Park, Tectonic uplift, Temperate forest, Terrace (geology), The World Factbook, Tropic of Cancer, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Tropical monsoon climate, Tropical rainforest, Two-stroke engine, Typhoon, United States Department of Energy, Water pollution, Wind power, World Trade Organization, Xi Murong, Xiaoliuqiu, Xueshan, Xueshan Range, Yangmingshan, Yilan Plain, Yushan (mountain), Yushan National Park, Yushan Range, Zhuoshui River, 1999 Jiji earthquake, 2010 Kaohsiung earthquake, 2016 Southern Taiwan earthquake. Expand index (129 more) » « Shrink index
Abies kawakamii is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family.
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
The Alishan Range is a mountain range in the central-southern region of Taiwan.
An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.
Alpine plants are plants that grow in an alpine climate, which occurs at high elevation and above the tree line.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
The Bashi Channel is a waterway between Y'Ami Island of the Philippines and Orchid Island of Taiwan.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.
The Cape Eluanbi is a cape in Hengchun Township, Pingtung County, Taiwan.
Cape Santiago is a cape located in Gongliao District, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
Carnivora (from Latin carō (stem carn-) "flesh" and vorāre "to devour") is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Central Mountain Range, also known as the Zhongyang Range or Chungyang Range (also), is the principal range of mountains in Taiwan.
Chamaecyparis formosensis (Formosan cypress, Taiwan cypress; Chinese: 紅檜/红桧 hong guei) is a species of Chamaecyparis, endemic to Taiwan, where it grows in the central mountains at moderate to high altitudes of 1000–2900 m. It is threatened by habitat loss and over-cutting for its valuable timber.
The Chianan Plain or Jianan Plain is an alluvial plain located at the central-southern region of western Taiwan.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Chinese Communist Revolution started from 1946, after the end of Second Sino-Japanese War, and was the second part of the Chinese Civil War.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as camphor tree, camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to tall.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
In plate tectonics, a convergent boundary, also known as a destructive plate boundary, is a region of active deformation where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere are near the end of their life cycle.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The Dadu Plateau, also known as Dadu Mountain or Dadushan, stretches across Taichung City in central-western Taiwan.
The Wu River, also known as the Dadu River is a river in Taiwan.
The Dongsha Atoll National Park is the seventh national park of the Republic of China (Taiwan), managed by the Ministry of the Interior.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The East Asian monsoon is a monsoonal flow that carries moist air from the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean to East Asia.
The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
The Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan (EPA) is a cabinet-level executive agency responsible for protecting and conserving the environment in the Republic of China.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), also known as the European otter, Eurasian river otter, common otter, and Old World otter, is a semiaquatic mammal native to Eurasia.
The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia), with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.
The exploitation of natural resources is the use of natural resources for economic growth, sometimes with a negative connotation of accompanying environmental degradation.
In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.
Fault blocks are very large blocks of rock, sometimes hundreds of kilometres in extent, created by tectonic and localized stresses in the Earth's crust.
Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.
The Formosan black bear (臺灣黑熊, Ursus thibetanus formosanus), also known as the white-throated bear, is a subspecies of the Asiatic black bear.
The Formosan clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa brachyura) was a clouded leopard subspecies that was endemic to the island of Taiwan.
The Formosan sika deer,, is a subspecies of sika deer endemic to the island of Taiwan.
Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
The Gaoping River, also spelled Kaoping River, is a major river of southern Taiwan, flowing through Pingtung County and Kaohsiung City.
Geographic Center of Taiwan is the center point of Taiwan Island located in Puli Township, Nantou County, Taiwan.
A glacial period (alternatively glacial or glaciation) is an interval of time (thousands of years) within an ice age that is marked by colder temperatures and glacier advances.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
The Government Information Office, Executive Yuan (GIO) was a cabinet-level agency of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China in charge of promoting government policies and regulating domestic media.
Green Island is a small volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean about off the eastern coast of Taiwan.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Guavas (singular guava) are common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions.
The Coastal Mountain Range, also known as the Hai'an Range, is a mountain range situated on the eastern coast of the island of Taiwan, and spans the border between Hualien and Taitung Counties.
The Hakkas, sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou.
The Han Chinese,.
Han Taiwanese or Taiwanese Hans (Mandarin: 臺灣漢人) are Taiwanese people of Han (Mandarin: 漢人) descent, the largest ethnic group in the world.
Hengchun Township is an urban township located on the southern tip of the Hengchun Peninsula of Pingtung County, Taiwan.
The history of Taiwan dates back tens of thousands of years to the earliest known evidence of human habitation on the island.
The Hoklo people are Han Chinese people whose traditional ancestral homes are in Fujian, South China.
Hsinchu Hills is an area of hills stretching across the Hsinchu County and Hsinchu City of northern Taiwan.
The Huadong Valley or Hualien–Taitung Valley, also known as East Rift Valley or the Longitudinal Valley, is a long and narrow valley located between Central Mountain Range and Hai'an Range.
The Hualian River, also spelled Hualien River, is a river in Taiwan.
The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
The Kamchatka Peninsula (полуо́стров Камча́тка, Poluostrov Kamchatka) is a 1,250-kilometre-long (780 mi) peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 270,000 km2 (100,000 sq mi).
Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.
Kaohsiung County was a county in southern Taiwan between 1945 and 2010.
According to the definition of metropolitan areas formerly used by the ROC government, Kaohsiung metropolitan area (高雄都會區) includes the following areas: However, since the merger of Kaohsiung City and the former Kaohsiung County on 25 December 2010, this official definition of the metropolitan area has been abolished as obsolete.
Kenting National Park, commonly known as Kenting, is a national park located on the Hengchun Peninsula of Pingtung County, Taiwan, covering Hengchun, Checheng, and Manzhou Townships.
Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.
The Kinmen National Park is a national park on the islands of Greater Kinmen and Lesser Kinmen, administratively part of Kinmen County, Republic of China.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Linkou Plateau is located along the southwest side of Tamsui River in New Taipei, Taiwan.
This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the world's various zoogeographic zones.
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by their highest point.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The Luzon Strait (Filipino: Kipot ng Luzon) is the strait between Taiwan and Luzon island of the Philippines.
The Luzon Volcanic Arc is a chain of volcanoes in a north–south line across the Luzon Strait from Taiwan to Luzon.
Lychee (variously spelled litchi, liechee, liche, lizhi or li zhi, or lichee) (Litchi chinensis) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
The Matsu Islands (Fuzhou dialect: Mā-cū liĕk-dō̤ or less frequently,; Fuzhou dialect: 馬祖島 Mā-cū-dō̤) are a minor archipelago of 36 islands and islets in the East China Sea administered as Lienchiang County (連江縣;; Lièng-gŏng-gâing) under streamlined Fujian Province, Republic of China (ROC).
Miaoli Hills is an area of hills stretching across Miaoli County in north-central Taiwan.
The Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of China (MOI) is a cabinet level policy-making body, governed under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Mount Kinabalu (Gunung Kinabalu) is a mountain in Sabah, Malaysia.
Nantou County is the second largest county of Taiwan.
National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU), or Shīdà, is an institution of higher education and normal school operating out of three campuses in Taipei, Taiwan.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New Guinea Highlands, also known as the Central Range or Central Cordillera, are a chain of mountain ranges and intermountain river valleys, many of which support thriving agricultural communities, on the large island of New Guinea.
New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
Oncorhynchus masou formosanus, the Formosan landlocked salmon or Taiwanese salmon, is a freshwater salmonid fish endemic to Taiwan.
Orchid Island (Ponso no Tao) is a 45 km² high island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan Island and separated from the Batanes of the Philippines by the Bashi Channel of the Luzon Strait.
Kenneth Hsien-yung Pai, born July 11, 1937) is a Taiwanese writer who has been described as a "melancholy pioneer." He was born in Guilin, Guangxi, China at the cusp of both the Second Sino-Japanese War and subsequent Chinese Civil War. Pai's father was the famous Kuomintang (KMT) general Bai Chongxi (Pai Chung-hsi), whom he later described as a "stern, Confucian father" with "some soft spots in his heart." Pai was diagnosed with tuberculosis at the age of seven, during which time he would have to live in a separate house from his siblings (of which he would have a total of nine). He lived with his family in Chongqing, Shanghai, and Nanjing before moving to the British-controlled Hong Kong in 1948 as CPC forces turned the tide of the Chinese Civil War. In 1952, Pai and his family resettled in Taiwan, where the KMT had relocated the Republic of China after defeat by the Communists in 1949.
Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.
The Penghu or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of.
The Philippine Sea Plate or Philippine Plate is a tectonic plate comprising oceanic lithosphere that lies beneath the Philippine Sea, to the east of the Philippines.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pingtung County is a county in Southern Taiwan known for its agriculture and tourism.
Pingtung Plain is a plain area including parts of Pingtung County and Kaohsiung City in Taiwan.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
The Pratas Islands, also known as the Dongsha Islands and Tungsha Islands, are three atolls (Pratas Atoll, North Vereker Atoll and South Vereker Atoll) in the north of the South China Sea.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Puli Township is an urban township in Nantou County, Taiwan.
Puru 溥儒, (August 30, 1896 - November 18, 1963), also known as Pu Xinyu 溥心畬, Xinyu being his courtesy name, and Xishan Yishi 西山逸士 (Hermit of West Mountain), which is his sobriquet.
The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.
A scooter (also referred to as a motor scooter to avoid confusion with kick scooter, but not to be confused with a motorized scooter) is a type of motorcycle with a step-through frame and a platform for the rider's feet.
Sedimentary basins are regions of Earth of long-term subsidence creating accommodation space for infilling by sediments.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
Shei-Pa National Park is a national park located in the central part of Taiwan around the peaks of Hsuehshan and Dabajian Mountain, with an area of, covering the area of Hsinchu County, Miaoli County and Taichung City.
A is a structure whose main purpose is to house ("enshrine") one or more kami.
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around.
Southern Min, or Minnan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Taiwan and in certain parts of China including Fujian (especially the Minnan region), eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang.
Su'ao Township, located in southern Yilan County, Taiwan, is an urban township that is famous for its seafood restaurants and cold springs.
Submarine volcanoes are underwater vents or fissures in the Earth's surface from which magma can erupt.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sun Moon Lake (Thao: Zintun) is a lake in Yuchi Township, Nantou County, Taiwan.
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.
Swinhoe's pheasant (Lophura swinhoii), also known as the Taiwan blue pheasant, is a bird of the pheasant subfamily in the fowl family Phasianidae.
Syzygium is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
Taichung Basin is located in the central region of western Taiwan.
The Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area (台中彰化都會區) is the second largest metropolitan area of Taiwan.
Taiga (p; from Turkic), also known as boreal forest or snow forest, is a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches.
Tainan (Hokkien POJ: Tâi-lâm), officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Taipei Basin is a geographic region in northern Taiwan.
The Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area also commonly known as Greater Taipei Area is the largest metropolitan area in Taiwan.
Taiping Island, better known internationally as Itu Aba, and also known by various other names, is the largest of the naturally occurring Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.
Taitung City is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Taitung County, Taiwan.
Taitung County is the third largest county in Taiwan, located on the island's eastern coast.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Taiwan blue magpie (Urocissa caerulea), also called the Taiwan magpie, Formosan blue magpie, or the "long-tailed mountain lady" (Taiwanese Hokkien: Tn̂g-boé soaⁿ-niû), is a species of bird of the crow family.
Taiwan Province is one of the two administrative divisions of the Republic of China (ROC) that are officially referred to as "provinces".
The People's Republic of China (PRC) claims the island of Taiwan to be part its territory under its Constitution as the Taiwan Province.
Taiwan Southernmost Point is the southernmost point of Taiwan located in Kenting National Park, Hengchun Township, Pingtung County.
The Taiwan Strait, or Formosa Strait, is a -wide strait separating the island of Taiwan from mainland China.
Taiwan under Japanese rule is the period between 1895 and 1945 in which the island of Taiwan (including the Penghu Islands) was a dependency of the Empire of Japan, after Qing China lost the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan and ceded Taiwan Province in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
Taiwanese indigenous peoples or formerly Taiwanese aborigines, Formosan people, Austronesian Taiwanese or Gaoshan people are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, who number nearly 530,000 or 2.3% of the island's population, or more than 800,000 people, considering the potential recognition of Taiwanese Plain Indigenous Peoples officially in the future.
Taoyuan Plateau is a plateau located at the Taoyuan City, Taiwan.
Taoyuan City (Hokkien) is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan, neighboring New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County.
Taroko National Park is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan and was named after the Taroko Gorge, the landmark gorge of the park carved by the Liwu River.
Tectonic uplift is the portion of the total geologic uplift of the mean Earth surface that is not attributable to an isostatic response to unloading.
Temperate forests correspond to forest concentration formed in the northern and southern hemisphere, or in temperate regions.
In geology, a terrace is a step-like landform.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern Tropic, is the most northerly circle of latitude on Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.
A tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am".
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
A two-stroke (or two-cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.
Wind power is the use of air flow through wind turbines to mechanically power generators for electricity.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
Xi Murong (born 1943) is a writer and painter.
Xiaoliuqiu, Little Liuqiu or Lamay Island is an island belonging to Taiwan administered as Liuqiu Township (琉球鄉; Liúqiú Xiāng) of Pingtung County.
Xueshan or Hsuehshan a mountain in Heping District, Taichung, Taiwan.
The Xueshan Range, also known as the Snow Mountain Range, is a mountain range in northern Taiwan.
Yangmingshan National Park is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan, located between Taipei and New Taipei City.
Yilan Plain, also called the Lanyang Plain, or historically Kabalan, Kapsulan, Komalan is a plain in Yilan County, Taiwan.
Yushan, also Mount Jade or Mount Yu, is the highest mountain in Taiwan at above sea level, giving Taiwan the fourth highest maximum elevation of any island in the world.
Yushan National Park is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan and was named after the summit Yushan, the highest peak of the park.
The Yushan Range, also known as the Jade Mountain Range, is a mountain range in the central-southern region of Taiwan spanning over Chiayi County, Kaohsiung City and Nantou County.
The Zhuoshui River, also spelled Choshui River, is the longest river in Taiwan.
The Jiji earthquake, known locally as the 921 earthquake, was a 7.3 Ms or 7.6–7.7 Mw earthquake which occurred in Jiji, Nantou County, Taiwan on Tuesday, 21 September 1999 at 01:47:12 local time.
The 2010 Kaohsiung earthquake, measuring 6.3 Mw, occurred on March 4 at 8:20 a.m. local time.
At 03:57 local time on 6 February 2016, an earthquake with a moment magnitude of 6.4 struck 28 km (17 mi) northeast of Pingtung City in southern Taiwan, in the Meinong District of Kaohsiung.
Area of Taiwan, Climate of Taiwan, Climate of the Republic of China, Environmental issues in Taiwan, Formosa, Geography of Taiwan Island, Geography of taiwan, Geography of the Republic of China, Ilha Formosa, Island of Formosa, Island of Taiwan, Taiwan (island), Taiwan Island, Taiwan island, Taiwanese geography, Topography of Taiwan.