379 relations: Abbey Theatre, Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, Academy Awards, Adelphi, London, Adolf Hitler, Alan Ayckbourn, Alan Jay Lerner, Allies of World War I, Alvin Langdon Coburn, American Journal of Public Health, Anarchism, Androcles, Androcles and the Lion (play), Anglo-Irish people, Anglo-Irish Treaty, Anglo-Swedish Literary Foundation, Annajanska, the Bolshevik Empress, Annie Besant, Anthony Fokker, Anthony Holden, Antihero, Anton Chekhov, Anton Lang, Antony and Cleopatra, Arms and the Man, Art for art's sake, August Strindberg, Augusta, Lady Gregory, Augustus Does His Bit, Ayot St Lawrence, Éamon de Valera, Back to Methuselah, Barabbas, Bardolatry, Baritone, Barry Jackson (director), Basset horn, Battle of the Boyne, Beauty's Duty, Bedford Park, London, Benito Mussolini, Birmingham Repertory Theatre, Blank verse, Bloody Sunday (1887), Boston, British and French declaration of war on Germany, British Empire, British Interplanetary Society, British Library, British Museum, ..., Broadway theatre, Brooks Atkinson, Buoyant Billions, Caesar and Cleopatra (film), Caesar and Cleopatra (play), Cambridge University Press, Candida (play), Canonization, Captain Brassbound's Conversion, Carl Rosa Opera Company, Cashel Byron's Profession, Cecil Arthur Lewis, Cecil B. DeMille, Charles Villiers Stanford, Charlotte Payne-Townshend, Charlotte Wilson, Chelsea, London, Christian socialism, Clifford Sharp, Cliveden, Cockney, Conradh na Gaeilge, Covent Garden, Creative Evolution (book), Croydon, Curtain raiser, Cymbeline Refinished, D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, Daily Mail, Dalkey, Dalkey Hill, Daniel Kevles, Das Kapital, David Lloyd George, Deborah Kerr, Der Ring des Nibelungen, Dictionary of National Biography, Didacticism, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Dublin, Duff Cooper, Easter Rising, Edith Evans, Edward Elgar, Edward McNulty, Edward R. Pease, Edward VII, Elizabeth I of England, Ellen Terry, Elmer Rice, Eric Bentley, Ethel Voynich, Eugene O'Neill, Eugenics, Fabian Society, Fanny's First Play, Farce, Farfetched Fables, Farringdon, London, Fellowship of the New Life, Florence Farr, Frank Harris, Frederick Loewe, G. K. Chesterton, Gabriel Pascal, Gareth Griffiths (academic), Gene Tunney, Geneva (play), George Frideric Handel, George Lansbury, George William Russell, Getting Married, Ghostwriter, Gingold Theatrical Group, Golders Green Crematorium, Great Catherine: Whom Glory Still Adores, H. G. Wells, Harley Granville-Barker, Harold Laski, Harold Nicolson, Harold Pinter, Heartbreak House, Henrik Ibsen, Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Henry George, Henry Hyndman, Henry Livings, Herbert Beerbohm Tree, Hertfordshire, Hilaire Belloc, History of the socialist movement in the United Kingdom, Hollywood, Homer, How He Lied to Her Husband, How These Doctors Love One Another!, Hubert Parry, Ian Dalrymple, In Good King Charles's Golden Days, Independent Labour Party, Inheritance tax, Invasion of Poland, Irish Civil War, Irish Free State, Irish Home Rule movement, Irish Literary Revival, Irish republicanism, J. M. 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N. Behrman, Saint Joan (play), Salvador de Madariaga, San Francisco, Saturday Review (London newspaper), Savoy Theatre, Seán O'Casey, Second Boer War, Sentimentality, Serial (literature), Sermon on the Mount, Shakes versus Shav, Shavian alphabet, Shaw Festival, Shaw's Corner, Sidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield, Sinecure, Sinn Féin, Sloane Square, Smallpox, Social Democratic Federation, Soprano, South Kensington, South Shields, Soviet Union, St Pancras, London, St. John Greer Ervine, Stanley Weintraub, Suffragette, Sybil Thorndike, Sydney Cockerell, Symphony No. 3 (Elgar/Payne), T. S. Eliot, Taoiseach, Teetotalism, The Adventures of the Black Girl in Her Search for God, The Apple Cart, The Blitz, The Cherry Orchard, The Chocolate Soldier, The Confidential Clerk, The Dark Lady of the Sonnets, The Devil's Disciple, The Doctor's Dilemma (play), The Fascinating Foundling, The Gadfly, The Gadfly (play), The Glimpse of Reality, The Guardian, The Inca of Perusalem, The Interlude at the Playhouse, The Jewish Chronicle, The Man of Destiny, The Master Builder, The Millionairess (play), The Music Cure, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New York Times, The Perfect Wagnerite, The Philanderer, The Salvation Army, The Severn Suite, The Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet, The Simpleton of the Unexpected Isles, The Six of Calais, The Star (London), The Times Literary Supplement, The Way of the World, The World (journal), Theatre of the Absurd, Thirteen Colonies, Thomas Becket, Thomas Davidson (philosopher), Time (magazine), To be, or not to be, Tom Stoppard, Too True to Be Good, Trafalgar Square, Trinity College Dublin, Tuberculosis, Un Petit Drame, Union of South Africa, United Kingdom general election, 1895, United Kingdom general election, 1906, United States in World War I, University of Texas at Austin, Vaccination, Vaccine controversies, Vegetarianism, Village Wooing, Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, Vivisection, Vladimir Lenin, W. B. Yeats, W. P. Lipscomb, W. S. Gilbert, Wesley College (Dublin), West End theatre, Western Front (World War I), Whitehall Court, Why She Would Not, Widowers' Houses, William Archer (critic), William Congreve, William III of England, William Morris, William Saroyan, William Shakespeare, World War I, You Never Can Tell (play). Expand index (329 more) » « Shrink index
The Abbey Theatre (Amharclann na Mainistreach), also known as the National Theatre of Ireland (Amharclann Náisiúnta na hÉireann), in Dublin, Republic of Ireland, first opened its doors to the public on 27 December 1904.
The Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
Adelphi (from the Greek ἀδελφοί adelphoi, meaning "brothers") is a district of the City of Westminster in London.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Sir Alan Ayckbourn, (born 12 April 1939) is a prolific English playwright and director.
Alan Jay Lerner (August 31, 1918 – June 14, 1986) was an American lyricist and librettist.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
Alvin Langdon Coburn (June 11, 1882 – November 23, 1966) was an early 20th-century photographer who became a key figure in the development of American pictorialism.
The American Journal of Public Health is a monthly peer-reviewed public health journal published by the American Public Health Association covering health policy and public health.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Androcles (Ἀνδροκλῆς) or Androclus is the name given by some sources to the main character of a common folktale that is included in the Aarne–Thompson classification system as type 156.
Androcles and the Lion is a 1912 play written by George Bernard Shaw.
Anglo-Irish is a term which was more commonly used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a social class in Ireland, whose members are mostly the descendants and successors of the English Protestant Ascendancy.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty (An Conradh Angla-Éireannach), commonly known as The Treaty and officially the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was an agreement between the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and representatives of the Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence.
Anglo-Swedish Literary Foundation is a fund for the development of cultural relations between the UK and Sweden.
Annajanska, the Bolshevik Empress: A Revolutionary Romancelet is a one-act play by George Bernard Shaw, written in 1917.
Annie Besant, née Wood (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.
Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.
Anthony Holden (born 22 May 1947) is an English writer, broadcaster and critic, particularly known as a biographer of artists including Shakespeare, Tchaikovsky, Leigh Hunt, Lorenzo da Ponte and Laurence Olivier, and of members of the British Royal family, notably Charles, Prince of Wales.
An antihero, or antiheroine, is a protagonist in a story who lacks conventional heroic qualities and attributes such as idealism, courage, and morality.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.
Anton Lang (17 January 1875 – 30 May 1938) was a German studio potter and an actor in the Oberammergau Passion Play.
Antony and Cleopatra is a tragedy by William Shakespeare.
Arms and the Man is a comedy by George Bernard Shaw, whose title comes from the opening words of Virgil's Aeneid, in Latin: Arma virumque cano ("Of arms and the man I sing").
"Art for art's sake" is the usual English rendering of a French slogan from the early 19th century, "l'art pour l'art", and expresses a philosophy that the intrinsic value of art, and the only "true" art, is divorced from any didactic, moral, or utilitarian function.
Johan August Strindberg (22 January 184914 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter.
Isabella Augusta, Lady Gregory (née Persse; 15 March 1852 – 22 May 1932) was an Irish dramatist, folklorist and theatre manager.
Augustus Does His Bit, A True to Life Farce (1916) is a comic one-act play by George Bernard Shaw about a dim-witted aristocrat who is outwitted by a female spy during World War I.
Ayot St Lawrence is a small village and civil parish in Hertfordshire, between Harpenden and Welwyn.
Éamon de Valera (first registered as George de Valero; changed some time before 1901 to Edward de Valera; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was a prominent statesman and political leader in 20th-century Ireland.
Back to Methuselah (A Metabiological Pentateuch) by George Bernard Shaw consists of a preface (An Infidel Half Century) and a series of five plays: In the Beginning: B.C. 4004 (In the Garden of Eden), The Gospel of the Brothers Barnabas: Present Day, The Thing Happens: A.D. 2170, Tragedy of an Elderly Gentleman: A.D. 3000, and As Far as Thought Can Reach: A.D. 31,920.
Barabbas (ישוע בר אבא Bar ʾAbbaʾ, literally "son of the father") is a figure mentioned in the New Testament of the Bible, in which he is an insurrectionary held by the Roman governor at the same time as Jesus, and whom Pontius Pilate freed at the Passover feast in Jerusalem, while keeping Jesus as a prisoner.
Bardolatry is the worship, particularly when considered excessive, of William Shakespeare.
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.
Sir Barry Vincent Jackson (6 September 1879 – 3 April 1961), was an English theatre director, entrepreneur and the founder of the Birmingham Repertory Theatre and, alongside George Bernard Shaw, the Malvern Festival.
The basset horn (sometimes written basset-horn) is a musical instrument, a member of the clarinet family.
The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne) was a battle in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England, and those of Dutch Prince William of Orange who, with his wife Mary II (his cousin and James's daughter), had acceded to the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1688.
Beauty's Duty (1913) is a short uncompleted "playlet" by George Bernard Shaw.
Bedford Park is a suburban development in west London, England.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Birmingham Repertory Theatre, commonly called Birmingham Rep or just The Rep, is a producing theatre based on Centenary Square in Birmingham, England.
Blank verse is poetry written with regular metrical but unrhymed lines, almost always in iambic pentameter.
Bloody Sunday took place in London on 13 November 1887, when a march against unemployment and coercion in Ireland, as well as demanding the release of MP William O'Brien, was attacked by the Metropolitan Police and the British Army.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
The Declaration of war by France and the United Kingdom was given on 3 September 1939, after German forces invaded Poland.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Interplanetary Society (BIS), founded in Liverpool in 1933 by Philip E. Cleator, is the oldest space advocacy organisation in the world.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.
Justin Brooks Atkinson (November 28, 1894 – January 14, 1984) was an American theatre critic.
Buoyant Billions (1948) is a play by George Bernard Shaw.
Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1945 British Technicolor film directed by Gabriel Pascal and starring Claude Rains and Vivien Leigh.
Caesar and Cleopatra is a play written in 1898 by George Bernard Shaw that depicts a fictionalized account of the relationship between Julius Caesar and Cleopatra.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Candida, a comedy by playwright George Bernard Shaw, was written in 1894 and first published in 1898, as part of his Plays Pleasant.
Canonization is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints.
Captain Brassbound's Conversion (1900) is a play by G. Bernard Shaw.
The Carl Rosa Opera Company was founded in 1873 by Carl Rosa, a German-born musical impresario, to present opera in English in London and the British provinces.
Cashel Byron's Profession is George Bernard Shaw's fourth novel.
Cecil Arthur Lewis (29 March 1898 – 27 January 1997) was a British fighter pilot who flew in World War I. He went on to co-found the British Broadcasting Company and enjoy a long career as a writer, notably of the aviation classic Sagittarius Rising (some scenes from which were represented in the film Aces High).
Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was an American filmmaker.
Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (30 September 1852 – 29 March 1924) was an Irish composer, music teacher, and conductor.
Charlotte Frances Payne-Townshend (20 January 1857–12 September 1943) was an Irish political activist in Britain.
Charlotte M. Wilson (6 May 1854, Kemerton, Worcestershire – 28 April 1944, Irvington-on-Hudson, New York) was an English Fabian and anarchist who co-founded Freedom newspaper in 1886 with Peter Kropotkin, and edited, published, and largely financed it during its first decade.
Chelsea is an affluent area of South West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames.
Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Clifford Dyce Sharp (1883–1935) was a British journalist.
Cliveden (pronounced) is a National Trust-owned estate in Buckinghamshire, on the border with Berkshire.
The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
Conradh na Gaeilge (historically known in English as the Gaelic League) is a social and cultural organisation which promotes the Irish language in Ireland and worldwide.
Covent Garden is a district in Greater London, on the eastern fringes of the West End, between Charing Cross Road and Drury Lane.
Creative Evolution (L'Évolution créatrice) is a 1907 book by French philosopher Henri Bergson.
Croydon is a large town in south London, England, south of Charing Cross.
A curtain raiser is a performance, stage act, show, actor or performer that opens a show for the main attraction.
Cymbeline Refinished (1937) is a play-fragment by George Bernard Shaw in which he writes a new final act to Shakespeare's play Cymbeline.
The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company is a professional light opera company that staged Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas nearly year-round in the UK and sometimes toured in Europe, North America and elsewhere, from the 1870s until 1982.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Dalkey is one of the most affluent suburbs of Dublin, and a seaside resort southeast of the city, and the town of Dun Laoghaire, in Ireland.
Dalkey Hill (Cnoc Dheilginse) is the northernmost of the two hills which form the southern boundary of Dublin Bay (the other being Killiney Hill).
Daniel J. Kevles (born 2 March 1939 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American historian of science.
Das Kapital, also known as Capital.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Deborah Jane Kerr-Trimmer CBE (30 September 192116 October 2007), known professionally as Deborah Kerr, was a Scottish film, theatre and television actress.
(The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four German-language epic music dramas composed by Richard Wagner.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
Didacticism is a philosophy that emphasizes instructional and informative qualities in literature and other types of art.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich, (22 February 1890 – 1 January 1954), known as Duff Cooper, was a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author.
The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, April 1916.
Dame Edith Mary Evans, (8 February 1888 – 14 October 1976) was an English actress.
Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire.
(Matthew) Edward McNulty (1856–1943) was an Irish playwright and novelist, known for his penned portrayals of Irish peasant life.
Edward Reynolds Pease (23 December 1857 – 5 January 1955) was an English writer and a founding member of the Fabian Society.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Dame Alice Ellen Terry, (27 February 1847 – 21 July 1928), known professionally as Ellen Terry, was an English actress who became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain. Born into a family of actors, Terry began performing as a child, acting in Shakespeare plays in London, and toured throughout the British provinces in her teens. At 16 she married the 46-year-old artist George Frederic Watts, but they separated within a year. She soon returned to the stage but began a relationship with the architect Edward William Godwin and retired from the stage for six years. She resumed acting in 1874 and was immediately acclaimed for her portrayal of roles in Shakespeare and other classics. In 1878 she joined Henry Irving's company as his leading lady, and for more than the next two decades she was considered the leading Shakespearean and comic actress in Britain. Two of her most famous roles were Portia in The Merchant of Venice and Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing. She and Irving also toured with great success in America and Britain. In 1903 Terry took over management of London's Imperial Theatre, focusing on the plays of George Bernard Shaw and Henrik Ibsen. The venture was a financial failure, and Terry turned to touring and lecturing. She continued to find success on stage until 1920, while also appearing in films from 1916 to 1922. Her career lasted nearly seven decades.
Elmer Rice (born Elmer Leopold Reizenstein, September 28, 1892 – May 8, 1967) was an American playwright.
Eric Russell Bentley (born September 14, 1916) is a British-born American critic, playwright, singer, editor and translator.
Ethel Lilian Voynich, née Boole (11 May 1864 – 27 July 1960) was an Irish novelist and musician, and a supporter of several revolutionary causes.
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature.
Eugenics (from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population.
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.
Fanny's First Play is a 1911 play by George Bernard Shaw.
In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.
Farfetched Fables (1948) is a collection of six short plays by George Bernard Shaw in which he outlines several of his most idiosyncratic personal ideas.
Farringdon is a historic area of the City of London, represented today by the Wards of Farringdon Within and Farringdon Without.
The Fellowship of the New Life was a British organization in the 19th century, most famous for a splinter group, the Fabian Society.
Florence Beatrice Emery (née) Farr (7 July 1860 – 29 April 1917) was a British West End leading actress, composer and director.
Frank Harris (14 February 1855 – 26 August 1931) was an Irish editor, novelist, short story writer, journalist and publisher, who was friendly with many well-known figures of his day.
Frederick Loewe (originally German Friedrich (Fritz) Löwe; June 10, 1901 – February 14, 1988), was an Austrian-American composer.
Gilbert Keith Chesterton, KC*SG (29 May 1874 – 14 June 1936), was an English writer, poet, philosopher, dramatist, journalist, orator, lay theologian, biographer, and literary and art critic.
Gabriel Pascal (born Gábor Lehel) (4 June 1894 – 6 July 1954) was a Hungarian-born film producer and director whose best known films were made in the United Kingdom.
Gareth Griffiths (Wales, 1943) is Winthrop Professor of English and Cultural Studies at the University of Western Australia.
James Joseph "Gene" Tunney (May 25, 1897 – November 7, 1978) was an American professional boxer who competed from 1915 to 1928.
Geneva, a Fancied Page of History in Three Acts (1938) is a topical play by George Bernard Shaw.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
George Lansbury (22 February 1859 – 7 May 1940) was a British politician and social reformer who led the Labour Party from 1932 to 1935. Apart from a brief period of ministerial office during the Labour government of 1929–31, he spent his political life campaigning against established authority and vested interests, his main causes being the promotion of social justice, women's rights and world disarmament. Originally a radical Liberal, Lansbury became a socialist in the early-1890s, and thereafter served his local community in the East End of London in numerous elective offices. His activities were underpinned by his Christian beliefs which, except for a short period of doubt, sustained him through his life. Elected to Parliament in 1910, he resigned his seat in 1912 to campaign for women's suffrage, and was briefly imprisoned after publicly supporting militant action. In 1912, Lansbury helped to establish the Daily Herald newspaper, and became its editor. Throughout the First World War the paper maintained a strongly pacifist stance, and supported the October 1917 Russian Revolution. These positions contributed to Lansbury's failure to be elected to parliament in 1918. He devoted himself to local politics in his home borough of Poplar, and went to prison with 30 fellow-councillors for his part in the Poplar "rates revolt" of 1921. After his return to Parliament in 1922, Lansbury was denied office in the brief Labour government of 1924, although he served as First Commissioner of Works in the Labour government of 1929–31. After the political and economic crisis of August 1931, Lansbury did not follow his leader, Ramsay MacDonald, into the National Government, but remained with the Labour Party. As the most senior of the small contingent of Labour MPs that survived the 1931 general election, Lansbury became the Leader of the Labour Party. His pacifism and his opposition to rearmament in the face of rising European fascism put him at odds with his party, and when his position was rejected at the 1935 Labour Party conference, he resigned the leadership. He spent his final years travelling through the United States and Europe in the cause of peace and disarmament.
George William Russell (10 April 1867 – 17 July 1935) who wrote with the pseudonym Æ (sometimes written AE or A.E.), was an Irish writer, editor, critic, poet, painter and Irish nationalist.
Getting Married is a play by George Bernard Shaw.
A ghostwriter is hired to write literary or journalistic works, speeches, or other texts that are officially credited to another person as the author.
Gingold Theatrical Group, often abbreviated as GTG, is a New York-based non-profit theatre company.
Golders Green Crematorium and Mausoleum was the first crematorium to be opened in London, and one of the oldest crematoria in Britain.
Great Catherine: Whom Glory Still Adores is a 1913 one-act play by Irish dramatist George Bernard Shaw.
Herbert George Wells.
Harley Granville-Barker (25 November 1877 – 31 August 1946) was an English actor, director, playwright, manager, critic, and theorist.
Harold Joseph Laski (30 June 1893 – 24 March 1950) was a British political theorist, economist, author, and lecturer.
Sir Harold George Nicolson (21 November 1886 – 1 May 1968) was a British diplomat, author, diarist and politician.
Harold Pinter (10 October 1930 – 24 December 2008) was a Nobel Prize-winning British playwright, screenwriter, director and actor.
Heartbreak House: A Fantasia in the Russian Manner on English Themes is a play written by George Bernard Shaw, first published in 1919 and first played at the Garrick Theatre in November 1920.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (7 September 183622 April 1908) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1905 to 1908 and Leader of the Liberal Party from 1899 to 1908.
Henry George (September 2, 1839 – October 29, 1897) was an American political economist and journalist.
Henry Mayers Hyndman (7 March 1842 – 20 November 1921) was an English writer and politician.
Henry Livings (20 September 1929 – 20 February 1998) was an English playwright and screenwriter, who worked extensively in British television and theatre from the 1960s to the 1990s.
Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree (17 December 1852 – 2 July 1917) was an English actor and theatre manager.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
Joseph Hilaire Pierre René Belloc (27 July 187016 July 1953) was an Anglo-French writer and historian.
Socialism in the United Kingdom is thought to stretch back to the 19th century from roots arising in the aftermath of the English Civil War.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
How He Lied to Her Husband is a one-act comedy play by George Bernard Shaw, who wrote it, at the request of actor Arnold Daly, over a period of four days while he was vacationing in Scotland in 1904.
How These Doctors Love One Another! (1931) is a short playlet by George Bernard Shaw which satirises a dispute between two doctors about the use of antiseptics in surgery.
Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry, 1st Baronet (27 February 18487 October 1918) was an English composer, teacher and historian of music.
Ian Dalrymple (26 August 1903 – 28 March 1989) was a British screenwriter, film director, film editor and film producer.
In Good King Charles's Golden Days is a play by George Bernard Shaw, subtitled A True History that Never Happened.
The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a British political party of the left, established in 1893, when the Liberals appeared reluctant to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority.
A tax paid by a person who inherits money or property or a levy on the estate (money and property) of a person who has died.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
The Irish Civil War (Cogadh Cathartha na hÉireann; 28 June 1922 – 24 May 1923) was a conflict that followed the Irish War of Independence and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State, an entity independent from the United Kingdom but within the British Empire.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Irish Literary Revival (also called the Irish Literary Renaissance, nicknamed the Celtic Twilight) was a flowering of Irish literary talent in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Irish republicanism (poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.
Jaeger is a United Kingdom-based fashion brand and retailer of menswear and womenswear.
James Evershed Agate (9 September 1877 – 6 June 1947) was an English diarist and an influential theatre critic between the two world wars.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Bull's Other Island is a comedy about Ireland, written by George Bernard Shaw in 1904.
John Eugene Vedrenne (July 13, 1867-February 12, 1930), often known as J. E. Vedrenne, was a West End theatre producer who co-managed the Savoy Theatre with Harley Granville-Barker, and then (from 1904 to 1907, also with Granville-Barker) the Royal Court Theatre.
John Galsworthy (14 August 1867 – 31 January 1933) was an English novelist and playwright.
Sir Arthur John Gielgud (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000) was an English actor and theatre director whose career spanned eight decades.
Edmund John Millington Synge (16 April 1871 – 24 March 1909) was an Irish playwright, poet, prose writer, travel writer and collector of folklore.
John James Osborne (Fulham, London, 12 December 1929 – 24 December 1994) was an English playwright, screenwriter and actor, known for his excoriating prose and intense critical stance towards established social and political norms.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.
Killiney is an affluent seaside resort and suburb in Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Ireland.
King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.
The dignity of Knight Bachelor is the most basic and lowest rank of a man who has been knighted by the monarch but not as a member of one of the organised orders of chivalry; it is a part of the British honours system.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) was a pressure group founded in 1900 as an alliance of socialist organisations and trade unions, aimed at increasing representation for labour interests in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Lacock Abbey in the village of Lacock, Wiltshire, England, was founded in the early 13th century by Ela, Countess of Salisbury, as a nunnery of the Augustinian order.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
Dame Laurentia McLachlan, OSB, née Margaret McLachlan, (11 January 1866 – 23 August 1953) was a Scottish Benedictine nun, Abbess of Stanbrook Abbey, and an authority on church music.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
In the 1892 general election, the Conservative Party, led by the Marquess of Salisbury, won the most seats but not an overall majority.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1920s.
London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, and the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas (22 October 187020 March 1945), nicknamed Bosie, was a British author, poet, translator, and political commentator, better known as the friend and lover of Oscar Wilde.
Macbeth Skit (1916) is a short comic skit by George Bernard Shaw on Shakespeare's portrayal of Macbeth's relationship with Lady Macbeth.
Major Barbara is a three-act English play by George Bernard Shaw, written and premiered in 1905 and first published in 1907.
Major Barbara is a 1941 British film starring Wendy Hiller and Rex Harrison.
The Malvern Festival was first held in 1929 and ran annually until 1939.
Man and Superman is a four-act drama written by George Bernard Shaw in 1903.
Dame Margaret Isabel Cole, DBE (née Postgate; 6 May 1893 – 7 May 1980) was an English socialist politician and writer.
Margaret Leighton, CBE (26 February 1922 – 13 January 1976) was an English actress.
Mark Gerard Lawson (born 11 April 1962) is an English journalist, broadcaster and author.
Maurice Valency (March 22, 1903 – September 28, 1996) was a playwright, author, critic, and popular professor of Comparative Literature at Columbia University, best known for his award winning adaptations of plays by Jean Giraudoux and Friedrich Dürrenmatt.
A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.
The Methodist Church in Ireland (Ulster-Scots: Methody Kirk in Airlann) is a Wesleyan Methodist church that operates across both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on an all-Ireland basis.
St Pancras was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in London, England.
The Metropolitan Opera House was an opera house located at 1411 Broadway in New York City.
A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.
Michael Keith Billington OBE (born 16 November 1939) is a British author and arts critic.
Michael Collins (Mícheál Ó Coileáin; 16 October 1890 – 22 August 1922) was an Irish revolutionary, soldier and politician who was a leading figure in the early-20th-century Irish struggle for independence.
Sir Michael de Courcy Fraser Holroyd CBE FRHistS FRSL (born 27 August 1935) is an English biographer.
Misalliance is a play written in 1909–1910 by George Bernard Shaw.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.
Mrs Patrick Campbell (9 February 1865 – 9 April 1940), born Beatrice Rose Stella Tanner and known informally as "Mrs Pat", was an English stage actress.
Murder in the Cathedral is a verse drama by T.S. Eliot, first performed in 1935, that portrays the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170.
My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe.
Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, Viscountess Astor, CH (19 May 18792 May 1964) was the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Gallery of Ireland (Gailearaí Náisiúnta na hÉireann) houses the national collection of Irish and European art.
The National Telephone Company (NTC) was a British telephone company from 1881 until 1911 which brought together smaller local companies in the early years of the telephone.
The National Trust, formally the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the largest membership organisation in the United Kingdom.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.
The New Woman was a feminist ideal that emerged in the late nineteenth century and had a profound influence on feminism well into the twentieth century.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New York Harbor, part of the Port of New York and New Jersey, is at the mouth of the Hudson River where it empties into New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean at the East Coast of the United States.
The New York Herald Tribune was a newspaper published between 1924 and 1966.
Niagara-on-the-Lake is a town in Ontario, Canada.
Sir Noël Peirce Coward (16 December 189926 March 1973) was an English playwright, composer, director, actor and singer, known for his wit, flamboyance, and what Time magazine called "a sense of personal style, a combination of cheek and chic, pose and poise".
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
O'Flaherty V.C., A Recruiting Pamphlet (1915) is a comic one-act play written during World War I by George Bernard Shaw.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
On the Rocks: A political Comedy (1932) is a play by George Bernard Shaw which deals with the social crisis of the Great Depression.
A one-act play is a play that has only one act, as distinct from plays that occur over several acts.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
The Order of Merit (Ordre du Mérite) is an order of merit recognising distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture.
Oscar Nathan Straus (6 March 1870 – 11 January 1954) was a Viennese composer of operettas and film scores and songs.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
Overruled (1912) is a comic one-act play written by George Bernard Shaw.
Paget's disease of bone (commonly known as Paget's disease or historically, osteitis deformans) is a condition involving cellular remodeling and deformity of one or more bones.
A parish council is a civil local authority found in England and is the first tier of local government.
The partition of Ireland (críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the division of the island of Ireland into two distinct jurisdictions, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland.
Passion Play: A Dramatic Fragment is an early and incomplete play in blank verse by George Bernard Shaw.
Passion, Poison, and Petrifaction is a short play by Bernard Shaw, subtitled The Fatal Gazogene: a Brief Tragedy for Barns and Booths.
Pelican Books is a non-fiction imprint of Penguin Books.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Peter Richard Nichols CBE, FRSL (born 31 July 1927) is an English playwright, screenwriter, director and journalist.
Philip Merivale (2 November 1886, Rehutia, Manickpur, India – 12 March 1946, Los Angeles, California, United States) was an English film and stage actor and screenwriter.
Pinewood Studios is a British film and television studio located in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, about from Slough, from Uxbridge, and approximately west of central London.
Platonic love (often lower-cased as platonic) is a term used for a type of love, or close relationship that is non-sexual.
A polemic is contentious rhetoric that is intended to support a specific position by aggressive claims and undermining of the opposing position.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
In Dublin, Portobello (– meaning 'beautiful harbour') is an area stretching westwards from South Richmond Street as far as Upper Clanbrassil Street bordered on the north by the South Circular Road and on the south by the Grand Canal.
Press Cuttings (1909), subtitled "A Topical Sketch Compiled from the Editorial and Correspondence Columns of the Daily Papers" is a play by George Bernard Shaw.
Progress and Poverty: An Inquiry into the Cause of Industrial Depressions and of Increase of Want with Increase of Wealth: The Remedy is an 1879 book by social theorist and economist Henry George.
The Protestant Ascendancy, known simply as the Ascendancy, was the political, economic and social domination of Ireland between the 17th century and the early 20th century by a minority of landowners, Protestant clergy and members of the professions, all members of the Church of Ireland or the Church of England.
The Provisional Government of Ireland (Rialtas Sealadach na hÉireann) was the provisional government for the administration of Southern Ireland from 16 January 1922 to 5 December 1922.
The public trustee is an office established pursuant to national (and, where applicable, state or territory) statute, to act as a trustee, usually where a sum is required to be deposited as security by legislation, where courts remove another trustee, or for estates where either no executor is named by will or the testator elects to name the Public Trustee.
Pygmalion is a play by George Bernard Shaw, named after a Greek mythological figure.
The Quintessence of Ibsenism is an essay written in 1891 by George Bernard Shaw, providing an extended analysis of the works of Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen and of Ibsen's critical reception in England.
Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor who, along with his contemporaries John Gielgud and Laurence Olivier, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
James Ramsay MacDonald, (né James McDonald Ramsay; 12 October 18669 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first Labour Party politician to become Prime Minister, leading minority Labour governments in 1924 and in 1929–31.
A register office, much more commonly registry office (except in official use), is a British government office where births, deaths and marriages are officially recorded and civil marriages take place.
Richard Mansfield (24 May 1857 – 30 August 1907) was an English actor-manager best known for his performances in Shakespeare plays, Gilbert and Sullivan operas, and the play Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Friedrich Robert Donat (18 March 19059 June 1958) was an English film and stage actor.
Robert Bilcliffe Loraine (14 January 1876 – 23 December 1935) was a successful London and Broadway British stage actor, actor-manager and soldier who later enjoyed a side career as a pioneer aviator.
Sir Robert Prescott Stewart (16 December 1825 – 24 March 1894) was an Irish composer, organist, conductor, and teacher – one of the most influential (classical) musicians in 19th-century Ireland.
The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England that provides training for film, television and theatre.
The Royal Automobile Club is a British private club and is not to be confused with RAC, an automotive services company, which it formerly owned.
The Royal Court Theatre, at different times known as the Court Theatre, the New Chelsea Theatre, and the Belgravia Theatre, is a non-commercial West End theatre on Sloane Square, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, England.
The Royal Economic Society (RES) is a professional association that promotes the study of economic science in academia, government service, banking, industry, and public affairs.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal National Theatre in London, commonly known as the National Theatre (NT) is one of the United Kingdom's three most prominent publicly funded performing arts venues, alongside the Royal Shakespeare Company and the Royal Opera House.
Ruritania is a fictional country in central Europe which forms the setting for three books by Anthony Hope: The Prisoner of Zenda (1894), The Heart of Princess Osra (1896), and Rupert of Hentzau (1898).
Samuel Nathaniel Behrman (June 9, 1893 – September 9, 1973) was an American playwright, screenwriter, biographer, and longtime writer for The New Yorker.
Saint Joan is a play by George Bernard Shaw about 15th century French military figure Joan of Arc.
Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo (23 July 1886 – 14 December 1978) was a Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
The Saturday Review of politics, literature, science, and art was a London weekly newspaper established by A. J. B. Beresford Hope in 1855.
The Savoy Theatre is a West End theatre in the Strand in the City of Westminster, London, England.
Seán O'Casey (Seán Ó Cathasaigh; born John Casey; 30 March 1880 – 18 September 1964) was an Irish dramatist and memoirist.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Sentimentality originally indicated the reliance on feelings as a guide to truth, but current usage defines it as an appeal to shallow, uncomplicated emotions at the expense of reason.
In literature, a serial, is a printing format by which a single larger work, often a work of narrative fiction, is published in smaller, sequential installments.
The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7).
Shakes versus Shav (1949) is a puppet play written by George Bernard Shaw.
The Shavian alphabet (also known as the Shaw alphabet) is an alphabet conceived as a way to provide simple, phonetic orthography for the English language to replace the difficulties of conventional spelling.
The Shaw Festival is a major not for profit /charitable theatre festival in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada, the second largest repertory theatre company in North America.
Shaw's Corner was the primary residence of the renowned Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw; now a National Trust property open to the public as a writer's house museum.
Sidney James Webb, 1st Baron Passfield, (13 July 1859 – 13 October 1947) was a British socialist, economist, reformer and a co-founder of the London School of Economics.
A sinecure (from Latin sine.
Sinn Féin (isbn) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Sloane Square is a small hard-landscaped square on the boundaries of the central London districts of Knightsbridge, Belgravia and Chelsea, located southwest of Charing Cross, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
The Social Democratic Federation (SDF) was established as Britain's first organised socialist political party by H. M. Hyndman, and had its first meeting on 7 June 1881.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
South Kensington is an affluent district of West London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
South Shields is a coastal town at the mouth of the River Tyne, England, about downstream from Newcastle upon Tyne.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
St Pancras is an area of central London.
Stanley Weintraub (born April 17, 1929) is an American historian and biographer.
Suffragettes were members of women's organisations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries who, under the banner "Votes for Women", fought for women's suffrage, the right to vote in public elections.
Dame Agnes Sybil Thorndike (24 October 18829 June 1976) was an English actress who toured internationally in Shakespearean productions, often appearing with her husband Lewis Casson.
Sir Sydney Carlyle Cockerell (16 July 1867 – 1 May 1962) was an English museum curator and collector.
Edward Elgar's Third Symphony was incomplete at the time of his death in 1934.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets".
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
Teetotalism is the practice or promotion of complete personal abstinence from alcoholic beverages.
The Adventures of the Black Girl in Her Search for God (and Some Lesser Tales) is a book of short stories written by George Bernard Shaw.
The Apple Cart: A Political Extravaganza is a 1928 play by George Bernard Shaw.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The Cherry Orchard (translit) is the last play by Russian playwright Anton Chekhov.
The Chocolate Soldier (German title: Der tapfere Soldat or Der Praliné-Soldat) is an operetta composed in 1908 by Oscar Straus (1870–1954) based on George Bernard Shaw's 1894 play, Arms and the Man.
First edition cover (Faber & Faber) The Confidential Clerk is a comic verse play by T. S. Eliot.
The Dark Lady of the Sonnets is a 1910 short comedy by George Bernard Shaw in which William Shakespeare, intending to meet the "Dark Lady", accidentally encounters Queen Elizabeth I and attempts to persuade her to create a national theatre.
The Devil's Disciple is an 1897 play written by Irish dramatist George Bernard Shaw.
The Doctor's Dilemma is a play by George Bernard Shaw first staged in 1906.
The Fascinating Foundling (1909) is a short comic play by George Bernard Shaw.
The Gadfly is a novel by Irish writer Ethel Voynich, published in 1897 (United States, June; Great Britain, September of the same year), set in 1840s Italy under the dominance of Austria, a time of tumultuous revolt and uprisings.
The Gadfly or The Son of the Cardinal (1897-8) is a dramatic adaptation by George Bernard Shaw of Anglo-Irish writer Ethel Lilian Voynich (née Boole)'s novel The Gadfly.
The Glimpse of Reality, A Tragedietta (1909) is a short play by George Bernard Shaw, set Italy during the 15th century.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Inca of Perusalem, An Almost Historical Comedietta (1915) is a comic one-act play written during World War I by George Bernard Shaw.
The Interlude at the Playhouse (1907) is a short comic sketch written by George Bernard Shaw to be delivered by Cyril Maude and his wife Winifred Emery as a curtain raiser at the opening of The Playhouse, a newly renovated theatre managed by Maude.
The Jewish Chronicle (The JC) is a London-based Jewish weekly newspaper.
The Man of Destiny is an 1897 play by George Bernard Shaw, set in Italy during the early career of Napoleon.
The Master Builder (Bygmester Solness) is a play by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen.
The Millionairess is a play written in 1936 by George Bernard Shaw.
The Music Cure, a Piece of Utter Nonsense (1913) is a short comedy sketch by George Bernard Shaw, satirising therapeutic fads of the era and the Marconi scandal of 1912.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Perfect Wagnerite: A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring (originally published London, 1898) is a philosophical commentary on Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen, by the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw.
The Philanderer is a play by George Bernard Shaw.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
The Severn Suite, Opus 87, is a musical work written by Sir Edward Elgar.
The Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet: A Sermon in Crude Melodrama is a one-act play by George Bernard Shaw, first produced in 1909.
The Simpleton of the Unexpected Isles: A Vision of Judgement is a 1934 play by George Bernard Shaw.
The Six of Calais is a one-act play by George Bernard Shaw.
The Star was a London evening newspaper founded May 3, 1788 under the original title Star and Evening Advertiser and was the first daily evening newspaper in the world.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
The Way of the World is a play written by the English playwright William Congreve.
The World was a British weekly paper, published from 1874 to 1920.
The Theatre of the Absurd (théâtre de l'absurde) is a post–World War II designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
Thomas Becket (also known as Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London, and later Thomas à Becket; (21 December c. 1119 (or 1120) – 29 December 1170) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict with Henry II, King of England, over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. Soon after his death, he was canonised by Pope Alexander III.
Thomas Davidson (25 October 1840, Old Deer – 14 September 1900, Montreal) was a Scottish-American philosopher and lecturer.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
"To be, or not to be" is the opening phrase of a soliloquy spoken by Prince Hamlet in the so-called "nunnery scene" of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet.
Sir Tom Stoppard (born Tomáš Straussler; 3 July 1937) is a Czech-born British playwright and screenwriter.
Too True to Be Good (1932) is a comedy written by playwright George Bernard Shaw at the age of 76.
Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.
Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), officially the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, a research university located in Dublin, Ireland.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Un Petit Drame (1884) is a short play by George Bernard Shaw.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held between 13 July and 7 August 1895.
The 1906 United Kingdom general election was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.
The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, over 2 years after World War I started.
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.
Vaccine controversies have occurred since almost 80 years before the terms vaccine and vaccination were introduced, and continue to this day.
Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.
Village Wooing, A Comedietta for Two Voices is a play by George Bernard Shaw, written in 1933 and first performed in 1934.
Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, of which pernicious anemia is a type, is a disease in which not enough red blood cells are produced due to a deficiency of vitamin B12.
Vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system, to view living internal structure.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.
Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was an English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his collaboration with composer Arthur Sullivan, which produced fourteen comic operas.
Wesley College is an independent co-educational secondary school for day and boarding students in Ballinteer, Dublin, Ireland. Wesley College is under the control of a Board of Governors, appointed each year by the Methodist Church in Ireland. Wesley College was founded on 1 October 1845 and counts two Nobel laureates among its alumni. Strong emphasis is put on religious education for all denominations and both extra-curricular activities and sport play an important part in this school. The College offers pupils an opportunity to explore the humanities, sciences, technology, business studies, English literature, music and the arts. Wesley College offers a range of extracurricular and sporting activities in the belief that these assist a sound general education and contribute to the whole person.
West End theatre is a common term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of "Theatreland" in and near the West End of London.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Whitehall Court in London, England, is one contiguous building but consists of two separate constructions; the end occupied by the National Liberal Club was designed by Alfred Waterhouse, the major part (including the Royal Horseguards Hotel) was designed by Archer & Green.
Why She Would Not: A Little Comedy (1950) is the last play written by George Bernard Shaw, comprising five short scenes.
Widowers' Houses (1892) was the first play by George Bernard Shaw to be staged.
William Archer (23 September 1856 – 27 December 1924) was a Scottish writer and theatre critic, based, for most of his career, in London.
William Congreve (24 January 1670 – 19 January 1729) was an English playwright and poet of the Restoration period.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist.
William Saroyan (August 31, 1908 – May 18, 1981) was an Armenian-American novelist, playwright, and short story writer.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
You Never Can Tell is an 1897 four-act play by George Bernard Shaw that debuted at the Royalty Theatre.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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