313 relations: Aachen, Acis and Galatea (Handel), Agostino Steffani, Agrippina (opera), Alcina, Alessandro Scarlatti, Alessandro Stradella, Alexander's Feast (Dryden poem), Alexander's Feast (Handel), Alexandre Guilmant, All the Angels, Allegory, Almira, Amadigi di Gaula, Amanuensis, Anglo-Irish people, Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, Anna Maria Strada, Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Anthem, Antoine Houdar de la Motte, Antonio Lotti, Antonio Salvi, Arcangelo Corelli, Archbishopric of Magdeburg, Argentines, Ariodante, Aristocracy (class), Arnold Schoenberg, Athalia (Handel), Attilio Ariosti, August Hermann Francke, Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, Balthasar Denner, Barn Elms, Baroque music, Bärenreiter, BBC, Benedetto Pamphili, Bernd Baselt, Biographical film, Brook Street, Caffarelli (castrato), Calendar of saints, Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church), Calendar of saints (Lutheran), Cannons (house), Cantata, Cantus firmus, ..., Carillon, Carl Heinrich Graun, Cataract, Cello, Charles Burney, Charles Jennens, Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, Christian Thomasius, Christoph Graupner, Clavichord, Codicil (will), Collins English Dictionary, Colonna family, Concerti grossi, Op. 6 (Handel), Contrabassoon, Coronation anthem, Coronation of the British monarch, Cylinder Audio Archive, Da capo aria, Damsel in distress, Düsseldorf, Deborah (Handel), Deidamia (opera), Denham Film Studios, Denkmäler deutscher Tonkunst, Dieterich Buxtehude, Dixit Dominus (Handel), Doctrine of the affections, Domenico Scarlatti, Dresden, Drexel 5856, Dublin, Duchy of Magdeburg, Eisleben, English-speaking world, Esther (Handel), Farinelli, Faustina Bordoni, Ferdinando de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany, Fishamble Street, Florindo, Foundling Hospital, Foundling Museum, Francesco Antonio Urio, Francesco Gasparini, Frederick I of Prussia, Frederick, Prince of Wales, Frescobaldi, Friedrich Chrysander, Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow, Fugue, Georg Händel, Georg Muffat, Georg Philipp Telemann, George Alexander Macfarren, George Frideric Handel's art collection, George I of Great Britain, George II of Great Britain, Georgian architecture, Giacomo Carissimi, Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gioacchino Conti, Giovanni Bononcini, Giulio Cesare, God Rot Tunbridge Wells!, Gottlieb Muffat, Granville Sharp, Grenadier Guards, Grimani family, Haarlem, Habsburg Monarchy, Halle (region), Halle (Saale), Hallische Händel-Ausgabe, Hamburg, Handel & Hendrix in London, Handel Reference Database, Handel's Last Chance, Handel's Naturalisation Act 1727, Hanover, Hanseatic League, Harp, Harpsichord, Händel-Gesellschaft, Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis, Heinrich Schütz, Henry Purcell, Her Majesty's Theatre, Hercules (Handel), Historically informed performance, Hugo Anthony Meynell, Israel in Egypt, Italian Baroque, Jacobus Gallus, James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, Jephtha (Handel), Jerusalem Delivered, Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, Johann Adolph Hasse, Johann Caspar Kerll, Johann Jakob Froberger, Johann Krieger, Johann Kuhnau, Johann Mattheson, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, John Beard (tenor), John Christopher Smith, John Dryden, John Hawkins (author), John James Heidegger, John Mainwaring, John Rich (producer), John Taylor (oculist), John Vanbrugh, Judas Maccabaeus (Handel), Kapellmeister, King in Prussia, Kingdom of Ireland, L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato, La resurrezione, Lascia ch'io pianga, Leipzig University, Leonardo Vinci, Letters and writings of George Frideric Handel, Libretto, Lisle's Tennis Court, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, List of compositions by George Frideric Handel, List of operas by Handel, Lobkowicz Palace, London, Lord Chamberlain, Louis Spohr, Ludwig van Beethoven, Magician (fantasy), Mainz, Mandolin, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Marie Sallé, Marktkirche Unser Lieben Frauen, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Mary Delany, Mauro Giuliani, Messiah (Handel), Michael Praetorius, Middlesex, Music for the Royal Fireworks, Music Sales Group, National Portrait Gallery, London, Nicola Porpora, Norman Walker (director), Oboe, Ode for St. Cecilia's Day (Handel), Ode for the Birthday of Queen Anne, Old Style and New Style dates, Ombra mai fu, Oper am Gänsemarkt, Opera, Opera of the Nobility, Opera seria, Oratorio, Order of Saint Luke, Organ (music), Organ concerto, Organ concertos, Op. 4 (Handel), Organ concertos, Op. 7 (Handel), Orlando (opera), Papal States, Parnasso in festa, Parody music, Partenope, Pastoral, Percy Grainger, Philippe Gaubert, Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal), Polyphony, Positive organ, Prague, Prince-elector, Prussia, Publications by Friedrich Chrysander, Reinhard Keiser, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, Richard Taruskin, Richard Wagner, Rinaldo (opera), River Thames, Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, Rodelinda (opera), Rodrigo (opera), Romain Rolland, Royal Academy of Music (company), Royal Musical Association, Royal Opera House, Samson (Handel), Samuel Arnold (composer), Samuel Scheidt, Saul (Handel), Saxe-Weissenfels, Saxony-Anhalt, Scipione, Semele (Handel), Serenade, Serse, Silesia, Solomon (Handel), South Sea Company, Spinet, St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, Stanley Sadie, Stillbirth, Svegliatevi nel core, Tamerlano, Teatro Malibran, Technicolor, Terpsicore, The Beggar's Opera, The Consecration of the House (overture), The Crystal Palace, The Great Mr. Handel, The Hague, The Harmonious Blacksmith, The Musical Times, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The Rank Organisation, The Triumph of Time and Truth, The Ways of Zion Do Mourn / Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, The Wodehouse, Theatres in Florence, Theorbo, Thirty Years' War, Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, Torquato Tasso, Tower of London, United Methodist Church, University of California, Santa Barbara, Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate, Valentine Snow, Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, Victor Schœlcher, Vincenzo Grimani, Viol, Viola, Viola d'amore, Violin, Water Music, Wedding anthem for Princess Anne, Weißenfels, Weimar, Westminster Abbey, Wilfrid Lawson (actor), Will of George Frideric Handel, William Boyce (composer), William Brade, William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex, William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, William Crotch, Winton Dean, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Zadok the Priest, 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony. 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Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
Acis and Galatea (HWV 49) is a musical work by George Frideric Handel with an English text by John Gay.
Agostino Steffani (25 July 165412 February 1728) was an Italian ecclesiastic, diplomat and composer.
Agrippina (HWV 6) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani.
Alcina (HWV 34) is an opera seria by George Frideric Handel.
Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti (2 May 1660 – 22 October 1725) was an Italian Baroque composer, known especially for his operas and chamber cantatas.
Alessandro Stradella (Nepi, 3 April 1639 – Genoa, 25 February 1682) was an Italian composer of the middle Baroque period.
Alexander's Feast, or the Power of Music (1697) is an ode by John Dryden.
Alexander's Feast (HWV 75) is an ode with music by George Frideric Handel set to a libretto by Newburgh Hamilton.
Félix-Alexandre Guilmant (12 March 1837 – 29 March 1911) was a French organist and composer.
All the Angels (full title - All the Angels: Handel and the First Messiah) is a 2015 play with music by the British poet Nick Drake treating the 1742 Dublin premiere of Handel's Messiah and the actor-singer Susannah Cibber's involvement in it.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Almira, Königin von Castilien ("Almira, Queen of Castile", HWV 1; full title: Der in Krohnen erlangte Glücks-Wechsel, oder: Almira, Königin von Castilien) is George Frideric Handel's first opera, composed when he was 19 years old.
Amadigi di Gaula (HWV 11) is a "magic" opera in three acts, with music by George Frideric Handel.
An amanuensis is a person employed to write or type what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another, and also refers to a person who signs a document on behalf of another under the latter's authority.
Anglo-Irish is a term which was more commonly used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a social class in Ireland, whose members are mostly the descendants and successors of the English Protestant Ascendancy.
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (11 August 1667 – 18 February 1743) was the last lineal descent of the House of Medici.
Anna Maria Strada (fl. 1719–1741, in Bergamo) was an Italian soprano of the 18th century.
Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (2 November 1709 – 12 January 1759) was the second child and eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his consort Caroline of Ansbach.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
An anthem is a musical composition of celebration, usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries.
Antoine Houdar de la Motte (18 January 167226 December 1731) was a French author.
Antonio Lotti (5 January 1667 – 5 January 1740) was an Italian Baroque composer.
Antonio Salvi (17 January 1664 – 21 May 1724) was an Italian physician, court poet and librettist.
Arcangelo Corelli (17 February 1653 – 8 January 1713) was an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.
The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic archdiocese (969–1552) and Prince-Archbishopric (1180–1680) of the Holy Roman Empire centered on the city of Magdeburg on the Elbe River.
Argentines, also known as Argentinians (argentinos; feminine argentinas), are the citizens of the Argentine Republic, or their descendants abroad.
Ariodante (HWV 33) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel.
The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Athalia (HWV 52) is an English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel to a libretto by Samuel Humphreys based on the play Athalie by Jean Racine.
Attilio Malachia Ariosti (or Frate Ottavio) (5 November 1666 – 1729) was a Servite Friar and Italian composer in the Baroque style, born in Bologna.
August Hermann Francke (22 March 1663, Lübeck8 June 1727, Halle) was a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.
Augustus of Saxe-Weissenfels (Dresden, 13 August 1614 – 4 June 1680, Halle), was a Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt of the House of Wettin and administrator of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg.
Balthasar Denner (15 November 1685 – 14 April 1749) was a German painter, highly regarded as a portraitist.
Barn Elms is an open space in Barnes in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
Bärenreiter (Bärenreiter-Verlag) is a German classical music publishing house based in Kassel.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Benedetto Pamphili (often with the final long i orthography, Pamphilj) (25 April 1653 – 22 March 1730) was an Italian cardinal, patron of the arts, composer and librettist.
Bernd Baselt (13 September 1934 – 18 October 1993) was a German musicologist noted for his works on the Baroque composer George Frideric Handel.
A biographical film, or biopic (abbreviation for biographical motion picture), is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people.
Brook Street is one of the principal streets on the Grosvenor Estate in the exclusive central London district of Mayfair.
Gaetano Majorano (12 April 1710 – 31 January 1783) was an Italian castrato and opera singer, who performed under the stage name Caffarelli.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
The veneration of saints in the Episcopal Church is a continuation of an ancient tradition from the early Church which honors important and influential people of the Christian faith.
The Lutheran Calendar of Saints is a listing which specifies the primary annual festivals and events that are celebrated liturgically by some Lutheran Churches in the United States.
Cannons was a stately home in Little Stanmore, Middlesex, built by James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, between 1713 and 1724 at a cost of £200,000 (equivalent to £ today) but which in 1747 was razed and its contents dispersed.
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
In music, a cantus firmus ("fixed song") is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.
A carillon is a musical instrument that is typically housed in the bell tower (belfry) of a church or municipal building.
Carl Heinrich Graun (7 May 1704 – 8 August 1759) was a German composer and tenor singer.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
Charles Burney FRS (7 April 1726 – 12 April 1814) was an English music historian, composer and musician.
Charles Jennens (1700 – 20 November 1773) was an English landowner and patron of the arts.
Christ Church Cathedral (or, more formally, The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity) is the cathedral of the United Dioceses of Dublin and Glendalough and the cathedral of the Ecclesiastical province of the United Provinces of Dublin and Cashel in the Church of Ireland.
Christian Thomasius (1 January 1655 – 23 September 1728) was a German jurist and philosopher.
Christoph Graupner (13 January 1683 in Kirchberg – 10 May 1760 in Darmstadt) was a German harpsichordist and composer of high Baroque music who was a contemporary of Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Philipp Telemann and George Frideric Handel.
The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument that was used largely in the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras.
A codicil is a testamentary document similar but not necessarily identical to a will.
The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English.
The Colonna family, also known as Sciarrillo or Sciarra, is an Italian noble family.
The Concerti Grossi, Op.
The contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon, sounding an octave lower.
A coronation anthem is a piece of choral music written to accompany the coronation of a monarch.
The coronation of the British monarch is a ceremony (specifically, initiation rite) in which the monarch of the United Kingdom is formally invested with regalia and crowned at Westminster Abbey.
The Cylinder Audio Archive is a free digital collection maintained by the University of California, Santa Barbara Library with streaming and downloadable versions of over 10,000 phonograph cylinders manufactured between 1893 and the mid-1920s.
The da capo aria is a musical form for arias that was prevalent in the Baroque era.
The damsel-in-distress, persecuted maiden, or princess in jeopardy is a classic theme in world literature, art, film and video games.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
Deborah (HWV 51) is an oratorio by George Frideric Handel.
Deidamia (HWV 42) is an opera in three acts composed by George Frideric Handel to an Italian libretto by Paolo Antonio Rolli.
Denham Film Studios were a British film production studio operating from 1936 to 1952.
Denkmäler deutscher Tonkunst (literally "Monuments of German musical art") is a historical edition of music from Germany, covering the Baroque and Classical periods.
Dieterich Buxtehude (Diderich,; c. 1637/39 – 9 May 1707) was a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period.
Dixit Dominus is a psalm setting by George Frideric Handel (catalogued as HWV 232).
The doctrine of the affections, also known as the doctrine of affects, doctrine of the passions, theory of the affects, or by the German term Affektenlehre (after the German Affekt; plural Affekte) was a theory in the aesthetics of painting, music, and theatre, widely used in the Baroque era (1600–1750). Literary theorists of that age, by contrast, rarely discussed the details of what was called "pathetic composition", taking it for granted that a poet should be required to "wake the soul by tender strokes of art" (Alexander Pope, cited in). The doctrine was derived from ancient theories of rhetoric and oratory.
Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (Naples, 26 October 1685 Madrid, 23 July 1757) was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Drexel 5856 is a music manuscript containing works composed by George Frideric Handel.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The Duchy of Magdeburg (Herzogtum Magdeburg) was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1680 to 1701 and a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia from 1701 to 1807.
Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
Esther (HWV 50) is an oratorio by George Frideric Handel.
Farinelli (24 January 170516 September 1782), was the stage name of Carlo Maria Michelangelo Nicola Broschi, celebrated Italian castrato singer of the 18th century and one of the greatest singers in the history of opera.
Faustina Bordoni (30 March 1697 – 4 November 1781) was an Italian mezzo-soprano.
Ferdinando de' Medici (9 August 1663 – 31 October 1713) was the eldest son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans.
Fishamble Street is a street in Dublin, Ireland within the old city walls.
Der beglückte Florindo (HWV 3) is an opera composed by Handel at the request of Reinhard Keiser, the manager of the Hamburg Opera.
The Foundling Hospital in London, England was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram.
The Foundling Museum in Brunswick Square, London tells the story of the Foundling Hospital, Britain's first home for abandoned children.
Francesco Antonio Urio (1631/32 – c. 1719) was an Italian composer of the Baroque era.
Francesco Gasparini (19 March 1661 – 22 March 1727) was an Italian Baroque composer and teacher whose works were performed throughout Italy, and also on occasion in Germany and England.
Frederick I (Friedrich I.) (11 July 1657 – 25 February 1713), of the Hohenzollern dynasty, was (as Frederick III) Elector of Brandenburg (1688–1713) and Duke of Prussia in personal union (Brandenburg-Prussia).
Frederick, Prince of Wales, KG (1 February 1707 – 31 March 1751) was heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death from a lung injury at the age of 44 in 1751.
The Frescobaldi are a prominent Florentine noble family that have been involved in the political, sociological, and economic history of Tuscany since the Middle Ages.
Karl Franz Friedrich Chrysander (July 8, 1826 – September 3, 1901) was a German music historian, critic and publisher, whose edition of the works of George Frideric Handel and authoritative writings on many other composers established him as a pioneer of 19th-century musicology.
Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow or Zachau (14 November 1663, Leipzig – 7 August 1712, Halle) was a German musician and composer of vocal and keyboard music.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
Georg Händel (Halle, Archbishopric of Magdeburg, 24 September 1622 – Halle, Duchy of Magdeburg, 11 February 1697) was a barber-surgeon and the father of Georg Frideric Handel.
Georg Muffat (1 June 1653 – 23 February 1704) was a Baroque composer and organist.
Georg Philipp Telemann (– 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.
Sir George Alexander (G.A.) Macfarren (2 March 181331 October 1887) was an English composer and musicologist.
George Frideric Handel is reported to have had a great love for painting, and until his eyesight failed him, he enjoyed viewing collections of pictures that were for sale.
George I (George Louis; Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698 until his death.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830.
Giacomo Carissimi (baptized 18 April 160512 January 1674) was an Italian composer and music teacher.
Gian Gastone de' Medici (Giovanni Battista Gastone; 24 May 1671 – 9 July 1737) was the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Gioacchino Conti (28 February 1714 – 25 October 1761), best known as Gizziello, was an Italian soprano castrato opera singer.
Giovanni Bononcini (or Buononcini) (18 July 1670 – 9 July 1747) (sometimes cited also as Giovanni Battista Bononcini) was an Italian Baroque composer, cellist, singer and teacher, one of a family of string players and composers.
Giulio Cesare in Egitto (Italian for "Julius Caesar in Egypt", HWV 17), commonly known as Giulio Cesare, is a dramma per musica (opera seria) in three acts composed for the Royal Academy of Music by George Frideric Handel in 1724.
God Rot Tunbridge Wells! is a 1985 British musical television film directed by Tony Palmer, written by John Osborne and starring Trevor Howard, Christopher Bramwell and Dave Griffiths.
Gottlieb Muffat (April 1690 – 9 December 1770), son of Georg Muffat, served as Hofscholar under Johann Fux in Vienna from 1711 and was appointed to the position of third court organist at the Hofkapelle in 1717.
Granville Sharp (10 November 1735 – 6 July 1813) was one of the first English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Grimani family were a prominent Venetian patrician family, including three Doges of Venice.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.
Halle was one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, located in the south of the country.
Halle (Saale) is a city in the southern part of the German state Saxony-Anhalt.
The Hallische Händel-Ausgabe ("Halle Handel Edition") is a multi-volume collection of the works of George Frideric Handel.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Handel & Hendrix in London (previously Handel House Museum) is a museum in Mayfair, London dedicated to the lives and works of the German-born British baroque composer George Frideric Handel and the rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix, who lived at 25 and 23 Brook Street respectively.
The Handel Reference Database (HRD) is the largest documentary collection on George Frideric Handel (1685–1759) and his times.
Handel's Last Chance is a 1996 Devine Entertainment film created by David Devine and Richard Mozer for HBO Original Films of New York.
An Act for naturalizing Louis Sekeyhaye, George Frederick Handel, and others (13 Geo. I), later given the short title of Handel's Naturalisation Act 1727, was a 1727 Act of the Parliament of Great Britain with the intent of naturalising and granting British citizenship to German-born composer George Frideric Handel and other foreign citizens.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.
Between 1858 and 1902, the Händel-Gesellschaft ("German Handel Society") produced a collected 105-volume edition of the works of George Frideric Handel.
The Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis (abbreviated as HWV) is the Catalogue of Handel's Works.
Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
Her Majesty's Theatre is a West End theatre situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London.
Hercules (HWV 60) is a Musical Drama in three acts by George Frideric Handel, composed in July and August 1744.
Historically informed performance (also referred to as period performance, authentic performance, or HIP) is an approach to the performance of classical music, which aims to be faithful to the approach, manner and style of the musical era in which a work was originally conceived.
Hugo Anthony Meynell (born 23 March 1936), Meynell Langley, Derbyshire, England, is an English academic and author.
Israel in Egypt (HWV 54) is a biblical oratorio by the composer George Frideric Handel.
Italian Baroque (or Barocco) is a stylistic period in Italian history and art that spanned from the late 16th century to the early 18th century.
Jacobus Gallus Carniolus (a.k.a. Jacob(us) Handl, Jacob(us) Händl, Jacob(us) Gallus; Jakob Petelin Kranjski) (3 July 1550 – 18 July 1591) was a late-Renaissance composer of SloveneSkei/Pokorn, Grove online ethnicity.
James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, (6 January 1673 in Dewsall, Herefordshire9 August 1744 in Cannons) was the first of fourteen children of the 8th Baron Chandos and Elizabeth Barnard.
Jephtha (HWV 70) is an oratorio (1751) by George Frideric Handel with an English language libretto by the Rev.
Jerusalem Delivered (La Gerusalemme liberata) is an epic poem by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso, first published in 1581, that tells a largely mythified version of the First Crusade in which Christian knights, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, battle Muslims in order to take Jerusalem.
Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (2 November 1649 in Halle – 24 May 1697 in Weissenfels), was a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and member of the House of Wettin.
Johann Adolph Hasse (born in Bergedorf, near Hamburg, baptised 25 March 1699 – died in Venice 16 December 1783) was an 18th-century German composer, singer and teacher of music.
Johann Caspar Kerll (9 April 1627 – 13 February 1693) was a German baroque composer and organist.
Johann Jakob Froberger (baptized 19 May 1616 – 7 May 1667) was a German Baroque composer, keyboard virtuoso, and organist.
Johann Krieger (28 December 1651 – 18 July 1735) was a German composer and organist, younger brother of Johann Philipp Krieger.
Johann Kuhnau (6 April 16605 June 1722) was a German polymath: known primarily as composer today, he was also active as novelist, translator, lawyer, and music theorist, being able late in life to combine these activities with the duties of his official post of Thomaskantor in Leipzig, which he occupied for 21 years.
Johann Mattheson (28 September 1681 – 17 April 1764) was a German composer, singer, writer, lexicographer, diplomat and music theorist.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Beard (c. 1716 – 5 February 1791) was an English tenor of the 18th century.
John Christopher Smith (born Johann Christoph Schmidt; 1712, Ansbach1795, London) was an English composer who, following in his father's footsteps, became George Frideric Handel's secretary and amanuensis.
John Dryden (–) was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668.
Sir John Hawkins (29 March 1719 – 21 May 1789) was an English author and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson and Horace Walpole.
John James (Johann Jacob) Heidegger (19 June 1666 – 5 September 1749) was a Swiss count and leading impresario of masquerades in the early part of the 18th century.
John Mainwaring (1724–1807) was an English theologian and the first biographer of the composer Georg Friedrich Händel in any language.
John Rich (1692–1761) was an important director and theatre manager in 18th-century London.
"Chevalier" John Taylor (1703–1772) was an early British eye surgeon, self-promoter, and medical charlatan of 18th century Europe, noted by Samuel Johnson, and associated with the surgical mistreatment of Handel, Bach, and perhaps hundreds of others.
Sir John Vanbrugh (24 January 1664 (baptised) – 26 March 1726) was an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
Judas Maccabaeus (HWV 63) is an oratorio in three acts composed in 1746 by George Frideric Handel based on a libretto written by Thomas Morell.
Kapellmeister is a German word designating a person in charge of music-making.
King in Prussia was a title used by the Electors of Brandenburg from 1701 to 1772.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato ("The Cheerful, the Thoughtful, and the Moderate Man"; HWV 55) is a pastoral ode by George Frideric Handel based on the poetry of John Milton.
La resurrezione (HWV 47) is a sacred oratorio by George Frideric Handel, set to a libretto by Carlo Sigismondo Capece (1652–1728).
"", originally "Lascia la spina, cogli la rosa", is an Italian-language soprano aria by composer George Frideric Handel that has become a popular concert piece.
Leipzig University (Universität Leipzig), in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world's oldest universities and the second-oldest university (by consecutive years of existence) in Germany.
Leonardo Vinci (1690 – 27 May 1730) was an Italian composer, best known for his operas.
Few of the letters and writings of George Frideric Handel remain today—certainly far fewer than remain for other major composers.
A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.
Lisle's Tennis Court was a building off Portugal Street in Lincoln's Inn Fields in London.
The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.
George Frideric Handel (23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German–English Baroque composer who is famous for his operas, oratorios and concerti grossi.
George Frideric Handel's operas comprise 42 musical dramas that were written between 1705 and 1741 in various genres.
The Lobkowicz Palace (Lobkowický palác) is a part of the Prague Castle complex in Prague, Czech Republic.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is the most senior officer of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom, supervising the departments which support and provide advice to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom while also acting as the main channel of communication between the Sovereign and the House of Lords.
Louis Spohr (5 April 178422 October 1859), baptized Ludewig Spohr, later often in the modern German form of the name Ludwig, was a German composer, violinist and conductor.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
An enchanter, enchantress, mage, magician, sorcerer, sorceress, warlock, witch, or wizard, is someone who uses or practices magic derived from supernatural, occult, or arcane sources.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".
The Margraviate of Brandenburg (Markgrafschaft Brandenburg) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806 that played a pivotal role in the history of Germany and Central Europe.
Marie Sallé (1707–1756) was a French dancer and choreographer in the 18th century known for her expressive, dramatic performances rather than a series of "leaps and frolics" typical of ballet of her time.
The Marktkirche Unser Lieben Frauen ("Market Church of Our Dear Lady") is a church in the centre of the city of Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Mary Delany (née Granville) (14 May 1700 – 15 April 1788) was an English artist, letter-writer, and Bluestocking, equally famous for her "paper-mosaicks" and her lively correspondence.
Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani (27 July 1781 – 8 May 1829) was an Italian guitarist, cellist, singer, and composer.
Messiah (HWV 56) is an English-language oratorio composed in 1741 by George Frideric Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer.
Michael Praetorius (probably 15 February 1571 – 15 February 1621) was a German composer, organist, and music theorist.
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
The Music for the Royal Fireworks (HWV 351) is a suite for wind instruments composed by George Frideric Handel in 1749 under contract of George II of Great Britain for the fireworks in London's Green Park on 27 April 1749.
Music Sales Group is a global music publisher, with headquarters in Berners Street, London.
The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.
Nicola (Antonio) Porpora (or Niccolò Porpora) (17 August 16863 March 1768) was an Italian composer and teacher of singing of the Baroque era, whose most famous singing student was the castrato Farinelli.
Norman Walker (8 October 1892 – 4 November 1963) was an English film director.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
Ode for St.
Ode for the Birthday of Queen Anne (HWV 74) is a secular cantata composed by George Frideric Handel to a libretto by Ambrose Philips, of which the first line, "Eternal source of light divine", provides an alternative title for the work.
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.
"" is the opening aria from the 1738 opera Serse by George Frideric Handel.
The Oper am Gänsemarkt was a theatre in Hamburg, Germany, built in 1678 after plans of Girolamo Sartorio at the Gänsemarkt square.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
The Opera of the Nobility (or Nobility Opera) was an opera company set up and funded in 1733 by a group of nobles (under Frederick, Prince of Wales) opposed to George II of England, in order to rival the (Second) Royal Academy of Music company under Handel (backed by George II and his queen).
Opera seria (plural: opere serie; usually called dramma per musica or melodramma serio) is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and "serious" style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1710s to about 1770.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
The Order of Saint Luke (OSL) is a religious order begun within the United Methodist Church that is dedicated to sacramental and liturgical scholarship, education, and practice.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
An organ concerto is a piece of music, an instrumental concerto for a pipe organ soloist with an orchestra.
The Handel organ concertos Op 4, HWV 289–294, are six organ concertos for chamber organ and orchestra composed by George Frideric Handel in London between 1735 and 1736 and published in 1738 by the printing company of John Walsh.
The Handel organ concertos Op 7, HWV 306–311, refer to the six organ concertos for organ and orchestra composed by George Frideric Handel in London between 1740 and 1751, published posthumously in 1761 by the printing company of John Walsh.
Orlando (HWV 31) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel written for the King's Theatre in London in 1733.
The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa,; Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.
("Parnassos in celebration for the nuptials of Thetis and Peleus", HWV 73), by George Frideric Handel, is a festa teatrale, a form also called a "serenata", a type of Italian opera intended as entertainment to celebrate a festive royal or state occasion.
Parody music, or musical parody, involves changing or copying existing (usually well known) musical ideas or lyrics, or copying the particular style of a composer or artist, or even a general style of music.
Partenope ("Parthenope", HWV 27) is an opera by George Frideric Handel, first performed at the King's Theatre in London on 24 February 1730.
A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.
George Percy Aldridge Grainger (8 July 188220 February 1961) was an Australian-born composer, arranger and pianist.
Philippe Gaubert (5 July 1879 – 8 July 1941) was a French musician who was a distinguished performer on the flute, a respected conductor, and a composer, primarily for the flute.
Pietro Ottoboni (2 July 1667 – 29 February 1740) was an Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII (who was also born Pietro Ottoboni).
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
A positive organ (also positiv organ, positif organ, portable organ, chair organ, or simply positive, positiv, positif, or chair) (from the Latin verb ponere, "to place") is a small, usually one-manual, pipe organ that is built to be more or less mobile.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The prince-electors (or simply electors) of the Holy Roman Empire (Kurfürst, pl. Kurfürsten, Kurfiřt, Princeps Elector) were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Karl Franz Friedrich Chrysander was a German music historian and critic, whose edition of the works of George Frideric Handel and authoritative writings on many other composers established him as a pioneer of 19th-century musicology.
Reinhard Keiser (9 January 167412 September 1739) was a popular German opera composer based in Hamburg.
Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, (25 April 1694 – 4 December 1753) was an Anglo-Irish architect and noble often called the "Apollo of the Arts" and the "Architect Earl".
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Rinaldo (HWV 7) is an opera by George Frideric Handel, composed in 1711, and was the first Italian language opera written specifically for the London stage.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness (17 May 1718 – 16 May 1778), known before 1721 as Lord Darcy and Conyers, was a British diplomat and politician.
Rodelinda, regina de' Longobardi (HWV 19) is an opera seria in three acts composed for the first Royal Academy of Music by George Frideric Handel.
Rodrigo (HWV 5) is an opera in three acts composed by George Frideric Handel.
Romain Rolland (29 January 1866 – 30 December 1944) was a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915 "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".
The Royal Academy of Music was a company founded in February 1719, during George Frideric Handel's residence at Cannons, by a group of aristocrats to secure themselves a constant supply of baroque opera or opera seria.
The Royal Musical Association (RMA) is a British scholarly society and charity.
The Royal Opera House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.
Samson (HWV 57) is a three-act oratorio by George Frideric Handel, considered one of his finest dramatic works.
Samuel Arnold (10 August 1740 – 22 October 1802) was an English composer and organist.
Samuel Scheidt (baptized 3 November 1587 – 24 March 1654) was a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era.
Saul (HWV 53) is a dramatic oratorio in three acts written by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Charles Jennens.
Saxe-Weissenfels (Sachsen-Weißenfels) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire from 1656/7 until 1746 with its residence at Weißenfels.
Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt,, official: Land Sachsen-Anhalt) is a landlocked federal state of Germany surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia.
Scipione (HWV 20) - or Publio Cornelio Scipione - is an opera seria in three acts, with music composed by George Frideric Handel for the Royal Academy of Music (1719) in 1726.
Semele (HWV 58) is a 'musical drama', originally presented "after the manner of an oratorio", in three parts by George Frideric Handel.
In music, a serenade (also sometimes called serenata, from the Italian) is a musical composition and/or performance delivered in honor.
Serse (English title: Xerxes; HWV 40) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
Solomon, HWV 67, is an English oratorio by George Frideric Handel.
The South Sea Company (officially The Governor and Company of the merchants of Great Britain, trading to the South Seas and other parts of America, and for the encouragement of fishing) was a British joint-stock company founded in 1711, created as a public-private partnership to consolidate and reduce the cost of national debt.
A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ.
Saint Patrick's Cathedral (Ard-Eaglais Naomh Pádraig) in Dublin, Ireland, founded in 1191, is the National Cathedral of the Church of Ireland.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
"Svegliatevi nel core" is an aria taken from Act I, Scene IV of the Italian language opera seria, Giulio Cesare, by George Frideric Handel.
Tamerlano ("Tamerlane", HWV 18) is an opera seria in three acts written for the Royal Academy of Music theatre company, with music by George Frideric Handel to an Italian text by Nicola Francesco Haym, adapted from Agostin Piovene's Tamerlano together with another libretto entitled Bajazet after Nicolas Pradon's Tamerlan, ou La Mort de Bajazet.
The Teatro Malibran, known over its lifetime by a variety of names, beginning with the Teatro San Giovanni Grisostomo (or Crisostomo) after the nearby church,Lynn 2005, pp.
Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating from 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades.
Terpsicore (HWV)(8b) is a prologue in the form of an opéra-ballet by George Frideric Handel.
The Beggar's Opera is a ballad opera in three acts written in 1728 by John Gay with music arranged by Johann Christoph Pepusch.
The Consecration of the House (or Die Weihe des Hauses), Op.
The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851.
The Great Mr.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Harmonious Blacksmith is the popular name of the final movement, Air and variations, of George Frideric Handel's Suite No.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The Rank Organisation was a British entertainment conglomerate founded by industrialist J. Arthur Rank in April 1937.
The Triumph of Time and Truth is the final name of an oratorio by George Frideric Handel produced in three different versions across fifty years of the composer’s career.
The ways of Zion do mourn / Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, HWV 264, is an anthem composed by George Frideric Handel.
The Wodehouse (formerly also Woodhouse) is a grade II* listed English country house near Wombourne, Staffordshire, notable as the family seat of the Georgian landscape designer and musicologist Sir Samuel Hellier and, a century later, Colonel Thomas Bradney Shaw-Hellier, director of the Royal Military School of Music.
There are about thirty theatres in Florence, Italy (not counting those already closed or dismantled), and range from historic theatres, to national and municipal music halls.
The theorbo is a plucked string instrument of the lute family, with an extended neck and a second pegbox.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme, (21 July 1693 – 17 November 1768) was a British Whig statesman, whose official life extended throughout the Whig supremacy of the 18th century.
Torquato Tasso (11 March 1544 – 25 April 1595) was an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1581), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the Siege of Jerusalem.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a mainline Protestant denomination and a major part of Methodism.
The University of California, Santa Barbara (commonly referred to as UC Santa Barbara or UCSB) is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system.
Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate is the common name for a sacred choral composition in two parts, written by George Frideric Handel to celebrate the Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht in 1713, ending the War of the Spanish Succession.
Valentine Snow (c. 1700 – December 1770) was the trumpeter for George Frideric Handel.
The Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, Op. 24, is a work for solo piano written by Johannes Brahms in 1861.
Victor Schœlcher (22 July 1804 – 25 December 1893) was a French abolitionist writer in the 19th century and the main spokesman for a group from Paris who worked for the abolition of slavery, and formed an abolition society in 1834.
Vincenzo Grimani (15 May 1652 or 26 May 1655 – 26 September 1710) was an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and opera librettist.
The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.
The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.
The viola d'amore (Italian for "love viol") is a 7- or 6-stringed musical instrument with sympathetic strings used chiefly in the baroque period.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
The Water Music is a collection of orchestral movements, often published as three suites, composed by George Frideric Handel.
The Wedding anthem for Princess Anne, HWV 262, This is the day which the Lord hath made, is an anthem for vocal soloists, chorus and orchestra by George Frideric Handel.
Weißenfels (often written in English as Weissenfels) is the largest town of the Burgenlandkreis district, in southern Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Wilfrid Lawson (born Wilfrid Worsnop, 14 January 1900 – 10 October 1966) was an English character actor of stage and screen.
George Frideric Handel (23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) wrote his willThe Letters and Writings of George Frideric Handel by Erich H. Müller, 1935 (SBN 8369-5286-3) over a number of years and with a number of codicils.
William Boyce (baptised 11 September 1711 – d. 7 February 1779) was an English composer and organist.
William Brade (1560 – 26 February 1630) was an English composer, violinist, and viol player of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, mainly active in northern Germany.
William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex, (11 January 16978 January 1743) was an English courtier and diplomat.
William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, (26 September 1698 – 5 December 1755) was a British nobleman and Whig politician.
William Crotch (5 July 1775 – 29 December 1847) was an English composer and organist.
Winton Basil Dean (Birkenhead, 18 March 1916Hambledon, 19 December 2013) was an English musicologist of the 20th century, most famous for his research concerning the life and works—in particular the operas and oratorios—of George Frideric Handel, as detailed in his book Handel's Dramatic Oratorios and Masques (1959).
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Zadok the Priest (HWV 258) is a British anthem which was composed by George Frideric Handel for the coronation of King George II in 1727.
The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games took place on the evening of Friday 27 July in the Olympic Stadium, London.
G. F. Handel, G.F. Handel, GF Handel, Georg Frederick Handel, Georg Fredric Handel, Georg Frideric Handel, Georg Friederich Haendel, Georg Friederich Handel, Georg Friederich Händel, Georg Friedrich Haendel, Georg Friedrich Handel, Georg Friedrich Händel, Georg Handel, George Frederic Handel, George Frederick Handel, George Frideric Haendel, George Frideric Händel, George Friderich Handel, George Friederic Handel, George Friederich Handel, George Friedrich Haendel, George Friedrich Handel, George Friedrich Händel, George Handal, George Handel, Haendel, Handel, Handel in London, Handle (composer), Händel.